EDITORIALS OF "Where Am I?" Page 4 Greenville, Miss., Monday, May 31, 1965 Were it left to me to decide whether we should have a government without newspapers or newspapers without government, I should not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter. --Thomns Jefferson How To Face The Voting Bill The Senate has passed the voting bill and the House is certain to pass its own version shortly. If anything, the House version will be more stringent that the Senate's. Within a few months at the most, Mississippi will begin feeling the measure's effects. Rather than following the usual pattern, which is to complain loudly and to make little effort to adjust to a changed situation, the state should proceed immediately to get itself in line with the legislation's intent and spirit. It is too late now to argue about the bill's punitive aspects or to question its discriminatory selectivity. Congress was responding to a situation in Â· which unconstitutionality had been made a way of life by too many Southern legislatures and voter registrars. Our belated appeals for fairness fell on deaf ears, because we had been deaf for so long-to the same appeals from our Negro fellow citizens. . * * * WHAT DO we do now? First, of course, we recognize the overriding federal law and move to change our own to meets its terms. This means opening our voter rolls to all on an open basis. Since it will he up to the federal government representatives to determine what is the proper qualification for a voter -- arid this qualification may include literacy or it may not -- the first thing is for the legislature to eliminate virtually all its existing statutes on voting. This means goodbye to the Infamous "good moral character" 'law, the constitutional interpretation section.and the like. It means that the burden of disobeying federal law in the name of "our way Guest Editorial of life" must be taken off the registrars. Second, instead of emphasizing low citizen participation 1/y Negro and while alike, there should be a new emphasis on full voter qualification for all citizens. There should be now emphasis on drives to qualify all potential voters. This will mean an addition of thousands of white voters as well as tens of thousands new Negro voters. Third, our elected representatives must somehow find it in themselves to curb their natural tendency to make ridiculous declarations of defiance. While some believe that this law will bring an end to civil rights legislation for the discernible future, more will be forthcoming in exact proportion to the amount of defiance left in the Deep South to the extension of full rights to all citizens. The old conservative alliance in Congress is dead, and the nation's impatience with Southern intransigence can easily take form in new laws if the South insists on providing more Selmas and Bogalusas. None of this will come easy to a region in which defiance and denial of basic rights has been a way of life for so long. Rut certainly intelligent men and women must make up the majority in our region, and intelligence alone dictates a new approach. What should be faced squarely is one central fact: We can digest the new voting bill with as little pain as possible, or we can stretch out the infinitely difficult and painful process over a long and bitter period. The result will be the same, while the loss to our state and region in continued rear-guard illegality will be incalculable. Challenge Jo The Spoilers The skeletons of discarded cars, old junk yards, litter our countryside -- and are driving my wife mad. The husband who said that is President Johnson. The words are more simple observation than political oratory, yet they indicate that the President, or his wife, started something. They have started the White House Conference on Natural Beauty-in Washington this week. That in turn is intended to start Americans thinking about the beauty, the dignity and good taste of their every-day life. An American in London will note that Englishmen do not throw paper on the streets. An American in Paris will observe that Frenchmen do not break mementoes off the Notre Dame Cathedral. An American almost anywhere in the European countryside will see few billboards, auto graveyards and other scars against nature. Yet at home he is used to these things. * * * PETER BLAKE, who wrote God's Own Junkyard (not in anger but in fury), found a signboard on a giant Califorina sequoia, a junkyard in a Rocky Mountain valley in California, and other forms of avaricious s q u a l o r destroying scenery from Miami Beach to Wai- Jdki. More statistically, the Keep America Beautiful organization estimates that if the litter along the nation's highways were dumped along one highway from New York to San Francisco, the road would be buried a foot deep in waste paper, beer cans and whatnot. Such is America the Beautiful today. It is a land where many central cities, including St. Louis, are trying to beautify their down- liiwn areas while suburban sprawl spreads across the fields and meadows. It is a land where some devoted souls attempt to preserve worthwhile or historic buildings and sites while others try to exploit them commercially or tear them down for parking lots and cubed architecture. It is a land where the finest superhighways in the world are be- ing built, to be lined in most states (including Missouri, apparently) with billboards. It is a land where more and more people clamor for water for recreation while other people and industries pollute it, along with the air above. It is a land where a recent Congress passed farsighted legislation to preserve a vestige of American wilderness, and to create new areas for outdoor use and enjoyment, while outside these few conserved areas spoliation seems to grow with the affluent but not yet great society. * + * WHAT is it about Americans that leads them lo loss a tin can here and a wrapping paper (here, to cut down unique trees, to dump waste in lakes and rivers, on an ascending scale of disregard for beauty and for fellow Americans? Is it a legacy from pioneer days when the land was vast and the people few, and rugged disregard for either was free? The land is no longer vast and the people are no longer few. Lillering, polluting, bulldozivg, billboarding and other forms of senseless misuse and destruction of resources and beauty must be stopped. So it is that President Johnson talks of measures with force behind them to landscape highways and reslricl signboards. Yet does it not seem slrange that the Federal Government has had to take the lead almost everywhere in conservation and anli- pollulion measures? Why should the federal power have to lead and push states and local communities to protect the grass al their grass roots? Indeed, the basis of an America the Beautiful today lies as much with Americans as wilh government. It it time for civilized maturity, for a social and individual conscience of a heritage that needs creation as well as preservation. We would expect the V/hite House Conference to tell Americans that beauty is in the eye of the beholder. By the end of this century there may well be 380 million Americans to behold what is left. (St. Louis Post-Dispatch) KODDING CARTER Editor and Publisher HOODING CARTER HI JOHN T. GIBSON Associate Editor and Publisher General Manager Goodbye To Several Old Friends And Correction Of Name Deletion fie Crump*^ We try to keep track of the folks we know, especially when it comes lo telling them goodbye, but sometimes miss the notice of their passing. Like Eleannor Honea Stoval! (Bill's wife), a very nice person wlmm we invariably mistook for Mary Jayne Garrard Whittington of Greenwood. They were enough alike lo have been twins. We remember when Eleanor and Bill (who was one of our Boy Scouts) were married. She was from Tylertown, where her people had the Ford agency and we recall this only because of the spare-tire cover on t h e rear of the Slovall car in their hride-and-groom days. It read "Honea Motor Co.," and we pronounced it "Hoc Nay" to ourself for many yeais. In fact it wasn't until Bill Stovall Jr. was a Boy Scout himself, and trying for a merit badge in First Aid at our house one night, that we learned thai the correct pronunciation of his mother's family- name was "Hone Yer." As we've said many times before, names have always interested us, and we often repeat them to ourself. We ara sorry to be saying farewell to Eleanor Slovall, of the friendly ways ami gracious personality, and many indeed are those of us who will miss seeing her around. * t * SO PEOPLE grow up, and then they are gone ami some of them you remember mainly in the days of their youth and chilldhood. Like Gildart Percy, n terrific Inckle on G.H.S. Delta championship footbnll - team in '23, who spent most of that sea- son in Ihe hackfields of such supposed powerhouses as Cl arks- dale and Greenwood and so on. Hut the memory of Gildart charge is of a little boy, out in a Buster Brown suif'ohd riding Ihe slreet-car, of a.,Sunday afternoon, in the care of his colored nurse. His mol]ier, 1 .' Miss Dixie, had really lavished "hours on little Gildarl's grooming, yet from the expression of discomfort on his face, anyone could tell that the little boy didn't like being prettied up, not even a little bit. And such an attitude is still par for the course. Goodbye, Gildart Percy. * * * WE SEE by a recent news-letter to the communicants of St. James Episcopal Church where Ihe Rev. Patrick Sanders has upgraded his neighboring minister, the Rev. T. Robert Fulton, quote: "We are not able to make plans for the summer because of the building work thnt is going on in our Parish Hall. We have been in conversation wilh our Presbyterian neighbors about their Vacation B i b l e School. FATHER FULTON allows that it might be a g o o d thing for our Episcopal y o u n g ones to come over there and work wilh the Lord and the Presbyterians. The dates a r e July 9-16." End quote, but where does Pat Sanders get that "young ones" business anyhow? They are young'ns in Steamboat Fulton's Dan River country, a n d must have been that in Georgia tool Correction for the committee- listing in last Friday's column in re the 1931 G.H.S. Reunion plans for June of 'SC. The name of Dorothy Thompson (Mrs. W. C.) Keady was lost in the shuffle, and she's the chairman too! Sor, ry, Dorothy! + * t MANY THANKS to Miss Annie Grace Parks and her sister, Mrs. Kana Oberst, for the Shasta Imperial daisies that ara blooming up a storm beneath our late Mother's bedroom-window. Miss P a r k s and Mrs. Oberst gave us the plants before Christmas, telling us that they had gotten their start with these beautiful daisies from Miss Beatrice ar.d Miss Inez Fulwiler. Out at Randolph Air Force Base, the Harold Foxes are getting ready to leave Texas in favor of Chanute Field, Illinois, and are being honored wilh par- lies and gifts from their many friends who hate to see them go. Col. Harold and Miss Evelyn's son Anthony will graduate next year at Baylor (in Waco), and plans to enlcr Law School at University of Illinois in the fall of 'Cfi. A!manac CwmeHtarif 1 * President Needs To Assert Closer Supervision Of . font* Oil WASHINGTON - President Stewart Udall is not going to let tua ly cant do so. The ram.fi- Johnson announced when he as- LBJ out of major responsibility canons of government are too sumed office that he was wash- for final disposal - in ihe minds complicated, ing his hands of all oil matters of Ihe public. The President has enough oth- Udall. cr problems with Viet Nam, the t h i s . Dominican Republic, and his legislative program. Never- inlo personal su- theless, facts are facts, and Ihe oil problems, or anything perlaining to his Texas oil friends. When Charles MacGilKvary, a medal of honor winner f r o m Antitrust Division is undercut- Braintrce, Mass., walked i n t o ting tho U S Supreme Court in the White House Ihe other day, regard to one of the biggest gas- President Johnson said: "I pipeline mergers in the nation know all about you. You are a -- El Paso and Pacific Northwest. and referring them to Secretary of tho Interior Stewart He w a s sincere about However, he had better wash himself back pervision of that sticky substance is likely to gum up the reputation of his Administration. There are three reasons for (his, all beyond the President's personal control. They are: Note--LBJ turned down advice lo appoint the son of trust- busting Thurman Arnold to head his Antitrust Division and picked the former law clerk ol Justice Tom Clark instead. As tough facts of politics cannot Attorney General, Clark, a Tex- he set aside when it comes to an, was weak when it came t a oil. There Is something awfully screwy about the manner in which the Justice Department's 1. THE public docs not separate Presidential responsibility from Presidential blame. No matter how much LBJ dele- gales oil to his Secretary of the Interior, the public will blame LBJ not Udall for oil mistakes. 2. Under tho Constitution the President cannot delegate everything, surh as the appointment of a new chairman to the Federal Power Commission. Right now Chairman Joe Swid- the merger, but ruled that El friend of Speaker Jolin McCormack. You won your country's Two years ago, the Supreme highest award by kjiocking out Court stepped into this c a s e , six machine gun nests in the Bat- overruled an Eisenhower Ad- tie of the Bulge." ministration attempt lo let El MacGillivary, who lost an arm in combat, called on the President lo assure him that the Med- Paso, which had hired J o h n Foster Dulles' law partner, get away with this merger. al of Honor Society fully supine court not only stopped ports llis policies^ in Viet Nam ler, one of the best the l-'PC has ever had, is about to be benched, largely because the President hasn't seen fit to indicate h i s early rcappointment. Swidlcr's term expires in thirty days, and so far there has been no w o r d from Ihe White House that Ihis tough foe of the oil and gas moguls will be asked to serve again. 3. For Ihe first time in history the federal government has n bonanza of oil shale to develop -- either for the benefit of t h e public or for the benefit of the oil industry. This $300 million bonanza is enough to pay the entire cost of federal aid to education for years to come. * * * THE PRESIDENT can do as Abraham Lincoln did wlien in 1863 he sef aside w e s t e r n government lands for the endowment of land grant colleges ~ or he can lease this property to the oil companies. The transfer of this tremendously wealthy oil shale to the jurisdiction of Paso must get rid of Pacific Northwest Gas "without delay." Almost two years have passed, which isn't exactly "without delay." * * * ON TOP of this, the Justice Department's Antitrust Division strangely is giving El Paso a new lease on life by permitting another three-year delay in divesting itself of Pacific Northwest. The Supreme Court acted to set aide the El Paso merger in order to give the State of California a chance to get competitive natural gas. The Justice Department, then under l o u g h trust-buster Bob Bix, handled the case before the Supreme Court. Bix is a Republican. Today the Justice Department, under Democratic executives, and the Doominican Republic. The two men walked over to the window and gazed out at students demonstrating against those policies. * * * "WHAT can I do about that?" asked Johnson. "Frankly I don't understand tile thinking of somo of (hese students. Democracy doesn't come easy. We've had to work and sweat to preserve ours. All this has been handed to those young people out there, but they don't appreciate h o w others have had to struggle for it down through the years." "I wouldn't worry to m u c h ' about it, Mr. President," suggested MacGillivary. " T h e s a students are creating a bad image, but they represent only a very small minority of the student population in our universities. What interests me is that has completely reversed its po- they can find the time for such silion under a Republican Ad- negative activity -- that is, to ministration. demonstrate against you whila This is one reason why Pres- you work night and day to pre- ident Johnson, though washing serve the great heritage that has his hands of oil problems, ac- been handed them." Warsaw In The Spring Closed Book To Seabees De-Bugging Rooms fat By United Press International Today is Monday, May 31, the 151st day of 1065 with 214 lo follow. The moon Is approaching its first quarter. The morning star is Saturn. The evening star is Mars. Those born today are under the sign of Gemini. American poet Walt Whitman was born on this day in 1819. WASHINGTON - The United States Seabees, it has jusl been revealed, spent 18 days in Warsaw de-bugging the American Embassy. In his report to Washington, the American Ambassador lo Poland, John M. Cabot, said he was qui'o apprehensive over housing ar.d feeding (he Seabees, as well as keeping them "isolated from the temptations which Warsaw has in abundance." The Ambassador said he solved the problem of "temptation" by having a number of Embassy wives prepare dinner for the Seabees, which was served in the snack bar of the Embassy, and on week ends the Seabees were invfced to the homes of members of the staff for food and entertainment. "Everything," the Ambassador was quoted as saying, "worked out to our satisfac- faclion." * * * THERE WAS a lime when only the Russians kept such a watchful eye on their employees when they visited tho o u t e r world. But it seems that we Americans a r e just as nervous about our people when they go behind the Iron Curtain. It must have been a very trying 18 days for everyone concerned. I can image what went on. A Seabee chief petty officer is all dressed up in his blues, just aboul to leave the Embassy on liberty, when an Embassy staff- er slops him. "Where are y o u going, chief?" "I just thought I'd go into town and get myself a beer and see some of the sights." "There's nothing to see in Warsaw, chief. Why don't you have a beer in the snack bar?" * * * "FRANKLY, I'm getting sick "Chief, if you've seen one Polish town, you've seen them all. You know, we're having a danc* tomorrow night. That sounds like fun, doesn't it?" *'i\'0 disrespect i n t e n d e d , sir, but dancing wilh an Embassy wife is like dancing with your sister. I think I'll just wander around the town instead." "I didn't want to mention this, chief. But do you know that tha Communists have specially trained girls who arc ordered to make friends wilh Americans and even seduce them if necessary?" The chief gulps. "Are t h e y good looking?" "They're gorgeous -- and dangerous." "Suppose I didn't tell t h e m anything?" "They have ways of getting and tired of that snack bar. And information out of" you." I don't want to seem ungrateful, "Why couldn't I be put to Ihe getting fed up 'Â·' ' ~" H || Voting Bill Discarded Valid State Right (L* but I'm getting fed up wilh those home-cooked meals made by the Embassy wives. T h e y keep saying to me, Til bet you're grateful for a home-cooked meal. 1 And I keep lelling them, 'How would I know? I haven't eaten in a Polish restaurant since I got here.' " test? Why couldn't I plant false information?" "That's what our military attaches are for, chief." Â» * * "HOW come we do all t h e work and the officers have all the fun?" "That's the American way, -- ...... .. n,^ jiun;in.nji lYajf, LOOK, chief, why don't you chief. Now, why don't you go hang around tonight? We're go- downstairs ami have dinner? I ing to h a v e a bingo game aft er dinner." WASHINGTON -- The Senate has now done the predictable and passed the Negro voting bill. And so the inevitable hosannas are rising from the Johnson Administration and the forces which have followed its leadership. They are entitled to their joy. Make no mistake. What the Senate has actually done -- and what the whole of Congress is shortly to do, assuming that it does not do even worse and accept the totally irresponsible additional proposals of Ihe House of Representatives -- is a somber thing. It has thrown inlo Ihe ashbin of history or.e of (he un- For this harsh, climactic s t e p Af; r-E\n\erii of the American sys toward vindication of a basic democratic right is no mean accomplishment, and the road has been a weary one. Still, in the undoubtedly minor view of this columnist, Ihe bugles of triumph should not be the only instruments heard nosv in Ihe national orchestra. There ought as well to be a drum or two -- a drum or two beating not in exultation Init thumping out instead some somber notes of nostalgia ami apprehension. * Â» * FOR THIS famous victory over the Southern irreconcil- afolcs and for civic righteousness is won at heavy cost. The cost tern. This is Ihe authority, maintained for nearly two centuries, of the separate slates to set, for (he most part, the standards of voting cligiblily within t h e i r own borders. No legislative bill in 20 decades has more profoundly altcr- will have lost much of ils check ami most of its balance. ,, Â» * THESE ARE Ihe melancholy facts of life. To be sure, rot many will accept them, so insistent is the understandable national will lo correct undeniable unfairness toward some Negro citizens and so irresistible, and in some cases so threateningly violent, has been Ihe demand for this reform. The Senate, in plain language, has simply annuled the Constitution's explicit grant of certain reserved powers to Ihe states. This is done not because it is really constitutional, but because it is in ihe deepest sense absolute- "I don't want lo play bingo. I want some action. 1 hear Warsaw is a great town -- not that you could prove it by me." ed the delicate, the historic bal- ly necessary. And necessary it ance between the Federal and the local power. We cnler now upon a fcderalization of this nation to 3 degree which only a dozen years ago would have been unlhinkable. And when the Supreme Court gels through wilh its parallel determination lo recast Ihe House of Rcpresenta- to perfectly valid slates' rights, lives and Ihe slate legislatures even if stales righls which in lo give urban interesls cleir some cases have long been twist- dominance in Ihem a 11, Ihe an- ed lo create civil wrongs. dent check-and-balance concept is; again, make no mistake. For national chaos in a kind of cokl civil war is Ihe bleak alternative. The persistent perversion of the old stale righl to put reasonable qualifications upon voting has in ihe main brought us to this pass. If only . . . If only . . . These will be the constantly recurring words in the minds of men, including Southerners, who for 20 years had hoped that Southern extremists would not go on and on with patently unfair practices. YES, IT is the Southern extremists who have brought us here -- assisted by those Northern extremists who have used this indefensible custom of a part cf Ihe Soulh as cover and justification f o r indefensible moves in other fields against all the Soulh. So at last it all got oversimplified beyond cure between the sho-.iters of the South end t h e screamers of the North. T h e n the responsible middle simply d y?" "On the contrary," the had to do something. It has now Â°I der man assured him. "Judge done too much. But in all (he x is the soul of honor. Such p.n present realities loo much be- obvious ploy would prejudice comes only enough because it is him hopelessly against you." so infinitely preferable to too lit- Some days later, the young tie. lawyer reported, "I wonl And your advice was invaluable. The brandy sure helped." "But I tokl you NOT to send it," splu- hear they've gol home - made American apple pie for dessert." "I hate home-made American apple pie." "To tell you the truth, chief-I'm pretty sick of it myself." Try And Stop Me A DISTINGUISHED allorney an at Publishers' Weekly to was butlon-holed by a recent ask "Is the Bible copyrighted, graduate from Law Scliool, who or is it in public domain?" Nath- babbled, "I've got my first big an is rather proud of his spon- case coming up before Judge X taneous reply: "Do you mean next week. Do you Ihink it the Old Testament or the New would help if I senl him a cou- Testament?" pie of bottles of fine old bran- All this is why one columnist does not loudly applaud the current parade, nor join in jeering Ihe overcome Southern traditionalists. One man's mood is otherwise: Don't cheer, boy; the poor devils are dying. And so is a part of Ihe Constitution as we have always known it. lered the older man. "1 know," beamed the victor, "but I sent it anyway -- in the name of my opponent," * * * (c) )Â»1, By Bennett Cert. DiÂ» AN 1 EARNEST bul inexpcri- tributcd by King Features SyÂ» enccd writer called Paul Nalh- dicale.
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