HOODING CARTER Editor and PublUhw J O H N T. GIHSON General Manager ~GreenvHlerMlss., Tuesday, July 19, I860 \Vcro It loft to me (o decide whether we slio'uUl hnvc n eovcriuiiont w i t h o u t newspapers or newspapers w i l l i o u l government, 1 should nut hcsilutc; a moment io prefer the latter. --Thomas Jefferson Need Two, Not Three, Parties A letter to the editor from a Greenville citizen, which he d ; d not wish to have published, has raised certain points which we would like to clear up. The writer, in commenting on an editorial last week titled "Extreme Provocation," advised that the South did indeed have someplace to go outside the Democratic Party. That place was the Republican Party. He wrote: "We do not yet of course know Â· what the Republican platform will say, but there is one thing of which we can be absolutely certain: It cannot possibly be more punitive towards the South than that of the Democrats. Why not go somewhere? Why not go anywhere? If the KLSouthern states represented at Los Angeles would all vote Republican next November, it would be the finest thing that could happen for them?" We agree, insofar as we agree that the one place the South could and should logically go to repudiate the Democratic Party is the Republican Party. All that last week's editorial was really speaking against was a move toward a third party or independent electors. If Southerners honestly feel that the Republican Party -- after its party platform is adopted and candidate chosen --Â· is the party for them, they should vote those convictions. In fact, this newspaper has been saying that for 20 years, ever since we endorsed WenJell Willkie for president in 1940. In 1948, with Thomas Dewey, and in 1952, with Dwlght D. Eisenhower, we tried to persuade our fellow Southerners that the Republican Party was not necessarily composed of devils and Reconstruction radicals. Conversely, however, we are not so certain that this year the nation would be best served by a continuation of Republican rule. Eight years of inaction both foreign and domestic cannot be allowed to stretch into 12 such years. Richard Nixon, the near-certain Republican candidate, is a man devoted to expediency above all, and the nation demands much more. But this is a decision for each American to make on his own. The important t h i n g to remember here in the South -- and this was a point we were imperfectly attempting to make last week -- is that the only meaningful ballot we can cast will be for either the Democratic or Republican nominee. A vote for some half-baked scheme of "independent electors," or for the fleeting glimmer of a third party, would be nothing short of an exercise in futility and irresponsibility. (See editorial below.) And, as we said last week, it would cost the South heavily in its influence in a Democratic Congress --the last bulwark the South has against its political enemies. Civil Rights: 1948 And Now T HE civil rights platform plank adopted at the 1948 National Democratic Convention spurred a walkout or mary Southern delegations, including part of the Alabama delegation. Adoption of a much stronger 1960 civil rights plank found not a single delegation walking out. Does this mean that Southern emotions are calmer or that the South is any less anti-civil rights today than in 1948? We do not think so. As a matter of /act, the white South today probably is more worked up over the racial issue tha.' it was 12 years ago. Whai has happened then, to influence aclion at Los Angeles far less precipitate than the 1948 Philadelphia walkout? Perhaps the fruitless 1948 anti- Trumar. bolt by Alabama and three other Southern states had more restraining influence at Los Angeles than anything else. Our political leaders might not have reached a more advanced stage of maturity or a more liberal position with respect to extension of human rights without regard to religion, color or race. But they have come to read election statistics more accurately. As Harry Truman showed 12 years ago, the Democratic Party can win the presidency without the South being very Solid. As a m a t t e r of fact, when in modern times the Democrats have won nationally, they still would have won even if all 10 states which opposed tha new civil rights plank had bolted. What this means simply is that the South has far more to lose than gain from a walkout on the Democratic Party. In the -absence of a strong two-party system, the white South has no real influence in the average national election race. But as long as it is a part of the national party it has immense influence in the Congress. It is there that this region's senators and representatives, by virtue of seniority, occupy the positions of influence and power which, in the final analysis, decide the fate of legislative proposals. Even such outspoken segregationist southern governors as Almond of Virginia and Patterson of Alabama, a f t e r reviewing these political facts of life, are counseling against a bolt. They realize the minority status of the South hardly places the region in a position to dictate policy at the polls. And to inflame the rest of the nation and push its patience too far through threatenings is to court action which eventually might upset the seniority system in Congress. When and if that happens the South's influence will be gone. That is the reason southern political leaders are beginning to speak more softly and act less angrily-why they did not walk out at Los Angeles. The more rabid southerners will not like this change in strategy. If they had their way the region would shout defiance and spit on the National Democratic Parly. But if they ever have their way, the South is finished as a force in national politics. --Lee County (Ala.) B u l l e t i n Marlow Says Next Secretary Of State Faces Heavy Burden By JAMES MARLOW Associated Press News Analyst WASHINGTON (AP)-The scc- oml most important job in the government, secretary of state, won't be in the hands of the voters at all when they choose their new president and vice president next Novembei. Trmrc is speculation now that if Sen. John F. Kennedy wins the presiikmcy he will choose be- twccu Aiilai IÂ£. Stevenson ami Chester Bowles in naming his secretary. There is not even speculation on who'd be a new Republican president's choice. But in Ihe next four years -with Russia growing stronger, more daring atid inore belligerent and Red China's muscles getting bigger Jay by day -- the secretary of slate will have a tremen- ous burden, Herler Will Step Down One thing seems surp. Even if the Republicans win the election, Ihe present secretary. Christian A. Herler, will step out. Herler is an honest man and an earnest one, but during his secretary- ship this country has suffered diplomatic disasters. Tor instance, there were the American U2 spy plane downed over Russia, the State Department's bumbling in handling that episode, the blowup of the summit meeting, the cancellation of President. Eisenhower's trips lu Russia ami Japan. In addition there has been the wretched deterioration in relations with Cuba, the Soviet efforts to get a foot in there, the debacle in the Congo, and the Communist maneuvering to edge intu Africa. Only Sample T h e s e are probably only samples of problems to come but as yet unimagtned. Handling them wilt call f or firmness and decision and, perhaps above alt, imagination in finding new methods of dealing with communism to prevent its expansion. For most of Eisenhower's two terms John Foster Dulles was his secretary of state, ami the President relied upon his judgment perhaps more than any president in this century has leaned on a secretary of str.te. Dulles was many things--tough, agile, tireless -- but imagination was not one of his strong points. He really initiated very little. Instead he took over from his predecessor, Dean Acheson, the policy of containment which is still being fallowed through a system of alliances and overseas bases. 'I'm Ready For Him,,.. Soon As I Get Past Rock/ Lou1*o Eskrlgge Crump'* Delta Scene Congressional Quiz LJ Ow Q--The Civil War was terminated by Robert E. Lee's surrender in 1865. Where did (his take place? A--Appomattox, the former courthouse ot the county of the same name in Virginia. J--Locke's doctrine on natural rights was instrumental in formulating the U.S. Constitution. The Bill of Rights was added to the amendmental law in (a) 1783; (b) 1701; (c) 1801? A--(b) Twelve Amendments were passed by the First Congress in 1789. Of the 12 submitted, 10 -- the Bill of Rights -- were declared ratified on Dec. 15, 1791. Q--Liberal Democrats in the House have been meeting in an informal caucus in llu- hope of pushing more liberal legislation through the I960 session. Can you name it? A--The Democratic Study Group. It is headed by Rep. Lee Metrnlf (D Mont.). TODAY'S BIBLE VERSE I will both lay me down in peace, and sleep: for thou. Lord, only makest me dwell in safety. --Psalm 4:8 The Delta Democrat-Times This newspaper welcomes letters to the editor to be published so long as they remain witlvn the boundaries of decency and libel laws. The name ol the sender may be withheld on request, but all 5uch letters must be signed and return addresses given if they arc to be considered for publication. Published every afternoon (except Saturday) and Sunday by: The Times Publishing Co.. Inc.. 201 Main St., Greenville. Miss. Subscription Rates Delivery by carrier 35c per week. Mail subscriptions payable in advance to subscribers living in Washington Â«nd adjoining counties not served by dealers and carriers, JI2.00 Mr vear. six mon'hj, $6.50. By n-nil all other areas within United States: One year J15.00; $ months JS.OO; one month $1.50. Notice To Public Ths Delta Democrat-Times does not intentionally misinterpret any individual thing. Correction will be cheerfully made of any erroneous statement called to our attention. The Associated Press and United Press are exclusively entitled to use for republication of all the news dispatches credited to them or not o t h e r w i s e credited in this newspaper. All rights of republira'ion herein are also reserved. Entered tt Second CJiss matter a the Post Office at Greenville, Miss., under Act of March 8, 1879, Distributed by King Features Syndicate Report On Labor B Y John Other Delicate Tasks While this system will probably be retained in the four years ahead, the most delicate tasks will probably lie elsewhere -- in devising means of inducing the backward people of Africa and elsewhere to be neutral or friendly to this country. Kennedy, the Democrats' presidential nominee, and vicp president Richard M. Nixon, who seems certain to be the Republicans' presidential choice, are both strong-minded men. Either as president would almost certainly be the dominant figure in foreign affairs in his administration, but each would have to rely to an enormous degree on I lie day-by-day and Icng- range judgment of his secretary of state. Sievenson, while he has traveled widely around Ihe world since first losing Ihe prcsidcnlial race to Eisenhower in JE152, has never held a high overseas government assignment. Bowles, now a Democratic congressman from Connecticut, was ambassador lu India nnd was Kennedy's foreign policy adviser during Ihe latier's campaign for the presidential nomination. Both Bowles jtnd Stevenson have written on foreign affairs. There hÂ» been so much speculation on who may be Nixon's vice presidential running male this year that very little has been .said about his possible choice of a secretary of stale. Notes From The News CONSIDERATE OF ALL PORT ARTHUR, Tex. (UPI)Charles Savoy, a considerate citizen, waited from 2 a. m. until S a. m. before notifying firemen of a Eire at his hnme because he clklift v-nnt to disturb t h e fire lighters. He explained that a cigarette smoker ignited a mattress, so he pitched the mattress into Ihe backyard and left it to smolder. LOS ANGELES -- Tlie c i v i l rights issue cuts deep into the Democratic Party, It cuts deep into the labor movement as well. At the platform hearings, AFL- C10 President George Meany described it ns the nation's No. 1 "moral issue." But he flushed angrily when the governor of South Carolina, Ernest F. Hollings, chidcd American trade unions with talking civil rights but practicing segregation. Gov. Ho!) ings, was not thereby advocating a strong civil rights program for the American trade unions. He was trying fo make the point that there was a gap between organized labor's promise and performance. Mr. Meany hit back hard at the Hollings position which holds that the civil rights problem must be approached through "education, not force or resolution." Moving Too Fast "The world is moving too fast for the slow processes which opponents of the extension of civil rights to Negroes have too often proposed. Labor," he said, "has no claim to perfection on this issue. We stand solidly against barring anyone from getting jobs because of race or color." "Twenty five years ago, there were many color lines in labor/' Mr. Meany said. "Today we have only one among 62,000 locals and if the color line 5s not removed Erom that one soon, it will not remain in our organization." The day after Governor Hallings testified on civil rights. South Carolina's Senator. Olin Johnston, (once governor of his state) stalked Ihe lobbies and orated sofil\ in elevators of the Billmore, the convention headquarters: Doesn't W a n t Kennedy "I don't want a candidate who is going lo bo defeated down home. 1 don't want Kennedy. My people just won't vote for him. They will defeat him (wo to one." "Will you vole for him, Senator?" I asked. "I'll probably go fishin' if Kennedy gets the nomination. Listen, feller, it ain't just the religious issue. It's that civil rights. My folks won't take that. And boy, it's also the liquor issue. He will be beat worse than Al Smith. That's what's going to happen. He won't carry the South. It will be like 1948.'' "Well, Senator," I said, "that's the year Truman got elected." "Oh yes, oh yes," said the Senator loftily, "he was elected President of the United States. That's different. He didn't carry South Carolina, though." A few minutes after this exchange, Terry Sanford, victor in North Carolina's primary runoff for governor, held a press conference. This was an introduction to the national political stage nnd he used it to announce the, news which deeply disquieted the followers of Majority Leader Lyndon Johnson who had been counting on the solid phalanx of all delegations from the Southern slates. Supports Kennedy At sharp variance with the governor and ex-governor of South Carolirra, the prospective governor of North Carolina "after careful and prayerful consideration" an- irounced his support ol John Kennedy for the presidential nomination. Ten days before, Mr. Sanford's victor} 1 was hailed by labor and liberal groups as a victory for the moderate approach on civil rights, as opposed to tike unreconstructed position of his opponent. He was carrying with him, Mr. Sanford said, at least one- hird of his slate's delegation. "1 expect Senator Kennedy will carry the majority oE Southern states," Mr. Sanford said. "No. sir, f do not e - " agree with Senator Kenned all issues." Presumably thai ...Ciiides the civil rights isue. But, it is important to note that Mr. Sanford received substantial labor support in his campaign because they believe he is a "right guy." Said Mr, Sanford, "ft won't be easy. for Senator Kennedy to carry the majority of Southern states. Doin' right is never easy, but it's necessary to meet Ihe challenge that confronts our country today with a man of vigor, vision and talent for leadership. True, he is a young mart, but the t rrals of ou r gene ration h a ve matured a man. I am not against Lyndon Johnson. It's just that I'm strong for Kennedy." Video Reviews EDITOR'S NOTE-"Sing Along with Mitch" was one of the notable successes of the TV season. In the following guest column, the hero of the show tells why. By MITCH MILLER Written For The Associated Press Since the beginning of television and until May 24. I960, wilh very few exceptions, the qualify of musical sound and musical production numbers on TV have been awful. "Hurray for the picture and damn the sound" has been the uncreative cry of TV's creative people. On May 24, I960, we did an hour show titled "Sing Along wilh Mitch." The final co'jnt still isn't complete, but the last report revealed thai close to 20.000 letters, phone calls and telegrams were received by NBC, by me, by the sponsor, and by newspapers ail over the country. Their only purpose was to voice delighted satisfaction with Ihe show, fn 90 per cent of these letters the writers mentioned the sponsor, the thing TV has been dying for for years. What really does this avalanche of praise, for which 1 am so grateful, mean? ft means tha' millions ot American youngsters and adults were starved for a selection of popular music with familiar and pretty melodies vocalized by a superb chorus of 25, reproduced wilh detailed attention A leltcr from Mfddlesboro, Ky., was received last week by the Twin City Theater Guild. One Ellis E. Easterly, editor of the Daily News, "Homo Daily of HID Cumberlands" was seeking information on the building o! a little Theater. His group had just finished a most active season he wrote, ending with the presentation of "The King and I" that played to 1,500 people but had to play its three night stand in a neighboring university some 12 miles away. Members of this homeless theater group had read Hodding Carter's article in the Post. Through it they learned the Greenville-Leland guild had a roof over its head and requested information on how it was erected. This week that story will go off to the Kentucky town with its population of 12,500 and it is hoped that before too long a lot will be given to them, an old home added and then, step by step, gift by gift a theater will come into being. And the letter, telling of how this building that stands today between Greenville and Lelnnd came into being, will be written wilh carbon duplicates as Ihe local theater group know--Editor Easterly's letter is just the first of many that will be received and it will take time and thought to answer. for the new class of ROTC sliii- enls. Tho event will be sponsored by tha Greenville Chamber of Commerce and tho Jaycettcs of which Shirley is a member. Her phone number is 2-1974. If you happen If have a radio In working order that you never turn on, call Mrs. R. A. Ireland and she will tell you n story that will make you want to give it to her. On the outskirts of Greenvillo is a trailer camp and in that camp stands an old trailer occupied by an elderly couple. The man of the family is an invalid and if he had a radio Ihe hours would pass more quickly and lie could keep up with happenings here and abroad. Mrs. Ireland can be reached over phone 2-6152. I hear that in addition to his many activities Steve Yee, Greenville - Memphis artist, had added yet another. He has opened a cooking school and is leaching Memphis women the art of Chinese cooking. And each person who helped wilh the local project will have a stake in the Kentucky theater and all tho others that turn to Twin City for help. H will be interesting to watch it all unfold. Tf vou are a Delta girl and like to dance please contact Shirley Goodwin and let her add your name to the list hcing compiled at this time of girls to be invited to the Greenville Air Force Base dance to be given on August 5 A warm welcome was certainly accorded the Sten Midtsjo family, made up of molhei falli- er, daughters Benler, 7, Heidi, 6 and Erik who is just a half a year old. Mrs. Midtsjo has fallen in love with Greenville, "It is so friendly," she said. "In the gas ofjice, city offices anil shops cvcryor.e is friendly and helpful and 1 am so glad that we chose Greenville to be our new home." The Iwo little girls are just as pleased with the w a r m welcome ns is their mother, bin Fallitr Midtsjo, a dicstl engineer by trade is busily engaged in equipping (he new home, 130G All Saints Circle, with a large air conditioning unit. He finds Hi e weather welcome a bit loo warm. Bennett Cerf's For Lincoln's birthday, an enterprising bookseller in New Jersey filled n window wilh volumes about the Grat Emancipator, and hired a lanky, raw-boned male model to sit at a desk suppor- cdly writing proclamations. The display was a great success, prompting the sale of a lot of books, and attracting big crowds at oil hours of the day. One spectator, in fact, came charging in to the store, demanding to talk to "Abraham Lincoln" in person. "I've been looking for that fellow for weeks," he explained. "He owes me ten dollars!" fried to listen to a program tha children don't care for." Television hasn't killed the art of conversation at all," insists Marcelir.e Cox. "II you don't believe me, ask any parent who has Evaline Dropsey tells everybody she met her husband on tha beach. It lurns out she was waiting on Guadalcanal when the Marines landed. (clDSO.by Bennett Cerf. Distributed by King Features Syndicate to sound quality that everybody could hum or sing with. The slar of our show was music --music that has withstood Ihe test of 40 years of singing around the piano. The pictures that accompanied this music were simple, uncomplicated, and never once interfered. "I've recorded nine "Sing Along" albums so far which have sold over 4'/ 2 million copies. What more proof could you have thai America wants to hear and sing good songs. Why dill I have to wail so long, then, lo put tin this simple show that has lecn rcad for years? Because Ihe TV executives have stars who cannot create excitement rather lhan risk succeeding with unknown but talented people. They are nof, or were not. interested in how well will you entertain but ask what star have you got. The stariime people were finally impressed, I guess, with the powerful success story of the unprecedented sale of the "Sing Along" albums and decided to take a gamble. If the public's craving for good music was strong enough lo pay fur, il was correct to assume that they would gobble it up for free. From all indications, there will bo more "Sing Along with Mitch" specials next season. But, in any case, I'm pleased as punch that the public proved us right. Drew Pearson's How Labor Pressured For Kennedy BIG ORDF.R UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (UPI) --li nil the midwife kits supplied hy the United Nations Children's I-'iind (UNIfF.F) lo the world's h e a l t h nnd welfare programs w t r c si:u':.'d 'jp. tf:cy w o u l d re;:ch twice as high as Ml. Everest. WASHINGTON -- In addition to Eddie McGinnis, the shrewd Senate ex-Sergeant-al-Arms who observed the Demucralic convention for Nixon, Gov. Nelson Rockefeller had his man in Los Angeles--Jay Franklin Carter. These men, both astute political d i a g no.sticians, inevitable reported on the superb organization _md farsighted planning of the Kennedy organiza- /NÂ§9*y (km. But they al- iQ^/U so reported that f\ V the battle over Kennedy laid bare in all its nakedness as never since the Al Smith campaign of 1928 the fact t h a t the Democratic party is a loose and unwieldy confederation of Irish hig-cily bosses, labor leaders and Southern principal], ties. Senator Kennedy healed some of Ihe convention wounds when he picked Sen. Lyndon Johnson, idol of the South, to fcÂ« his running mate. But unquestionably Republican strategy during this election v. ill bo to highlight the Ocrrtxrr.-itic split and widen it Iu;-i;i:r. S?n. R.nry Go!d-.v,-!rr, l!u right-wing GOP critic o! labor from Arizona, doubtless will have a field day reminding Ihe country of Labor's strong-arm tactics in pulling Kennedy across. Labor has usually played an important role in Democratic conventions. It once vetoed Sen. Jimmy Byrnes o! South Carolina for vice president. And again, Al- bcn Barkley [or president. But seldom has it been so tough in cracking the whip over Labor's own friends Humphrey No Pushover Walter Reuther, for instance served an ultimatum on Sen. Hubert Humphrey of Minnesota the week before the convention that he must come out for Kennedy by noon Sunday. Reuther and Humphrey are old friends. They have worked together in previous conventions to promote civil rights. However, Humphrey is not a man you can push around. He did not meet the Reuther deadline--despite the fact that it was intimated he would get no labor support for his re-election. Reulher extended (he deadline, lie gave Humphrey until noon Monday Ir come out for Kennedy. Again l!ie senator from Minnesota refused. He let the de:d!'r,e pass. Finally. .Â·! r.oon Tuesday, lie announced for Ad- laj Stevenson. Meanwhile his old friend and schoolmate, Gov. Orvillc Freeman of Minnesota, was urging him to come out for Kennedy in order to enhance his, Freeman's chances of being Kennedy's vice president. Humphrey declared /or Freeman for vice president but refused to back Kennedy because of the Reulher ultimatum. Governor Freeman and Senator Humphrey have been political allies for years. They have built the Democratic party up from (be labor party grass roots in Minnesota. Freeman began to get sore, kept urging Humphrey to declare. Finally Humphrey told him: "If you get a commitment from Kennedy in writing that you will be his vice president, then I'll declare for Kennedy.' Freeman never got the written commitment and Humphrey never declared. And at a closed- door 3 a.m. Minnesota caucus. Governor Freeman left his place near the speaker's stand and walked past his old schoolmate without saying a word. Pressure By Unions Meanwhile other labor unions had been turning on (he heat, llnii-d Sleel tt'orkcrs headquarters in Piusiurgh sent word lo Earl Bcster. Regional Union executive, in Duluth, lo come out for Kennedy. Hester had been for Stevenson. But he made a speech inside the Minnesota delegation, switching lo Kennedy. Probably he did not know that Papa Joe Kennedy had picked up the tab for an nrn.ile Hollywood party given by Singer Phil Regan for Dave McDonald, head of the United Steel Workers. When the Kennedy forces wanted Alaska to yield to Massachusetts in order to nominate Kennedy, the vote inside the Alaskan delegation stood 9 to 9. A change of one vote was needed to permit an early nominating speech for Kennedy. So a COPE (Commitlc on Political Education) campaign contribution of $3,000 was dangled before Congressman Ralph Rivers. Questioned by this column, Rivers was frank. "I understand the contribution has been given to someone to deliver to me," he said, "but I haven't received it yet." Despite the contribution he did not switch his vote to Kennedy, though on subsequent balloting he did. Union pressure on western delegates who are members of Labor unions was intense. Bob Lcnaghen of the AFL-C10 Li Po- cr.lello, Idaho, was urged to switch his voie lo Kennedy. He did.- Ren Gilbert o! the Af'l, in Alameda County was pressured by Andy Bicmillcr, lobbying expert for Ihe AFI.-CIO. Gi!bc-rt said "no." Senator Symington's headquarters found a California delegate Thelma Thomas. Los Angeles director of COPE, crying in her hotel room because, reportedly her job had been threatened unless she voted for Kennedy. The ultimatum was reported to have been delivered by Bill Basset! of Los Angeles Labor Council. Bassett denied this. "I have never threatened anyone.' Bassell told my associate. Jack Anderson. He admitled, however, that he had talked to Miss Thomas. "What did you say to her?" Anderson asked. "I asked her to vote, for Kennedy," Bassett frankly admitted. But added: "She is a free delegate to the convention." "If she doesn't vote for Kennedy docj; she lose her job?" "No, of course not," replied Bassett. What are you trying to do. coerce me?" "No, we are trying to find n;. p t win. t her you have been doing any coercing," Aivderson replied.
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