THE DAILY INTER LAKE TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 1957 Meyner's Victory--An Omen? "Ike Sent Me" The Democratic crowing over Gov. Robert B. Meyner's 200,000-vote victory in the New Jersey governorship race isn't the hollow croaking of politicians trying to make something out of very little. The professionals expected Meyner's triumph. Hence the mere fact of victory could not justify private rejoicing in high Democratic councils, whatever the party criers might say for public consumption. It was the size and character of the victory, plus the unexpected swing of the New Jersey legislature's lower house to' Democratic control, that flushed the winners with confidence even when no one was looking. When Meyner won by 153,000 four years ago, it was generally regarded as something of a fluke. Scandals hurt the GOP cause badly. The Republicans won by a bare 5,000 in their Bergen County stronghold and lost two other usually Republican counties, Essex (Newark) and Union, by margins close to 15,000. But this time, with no comparable scandal, the GOP nominee, Malcolm S. Forbes, could lift the Bergen County margin only to 14,000. An edge of 40,r 000 to 60,000 is rated normal. And Meyner won Essex by 35,000 and "Union by nearly 20,000. He also narrowly snared another GOP bailiwick, Monmoutb, County. On top of this, the New Jersey Assembly, which had been Republican for 20 years and was that by a 40-20 margin until this election, turned over and went 42 to 18 Democratic. The GOP held the Senate, 13 to 8, though dropping one seat. The analysts looking at these results are bound to conclude that while they are no proof of a national trend, they do suggest one may be in the making. Meyner is of course immensely popular. He successfully won the support of independents, heavily represented in Jersey, and of leading businessmen. He developed no substantial enemies and persuaded the voters he has been a good governor. No issues of consequence rose to plague him. Not even the civil rights question, which after Little Rock might have made impact on New Jersey's 120,000 registered Negro voters, stirred any uprising. Initial study indicates virtually no turn among Negroes toward the Republicans. When aU discount is made for the governor's obviously very substantial popularity, the feeling is likely to persist that this result may be a straw in the nation*! winds. Pure Research America's lag in science really re- lects two great deficiencies. We do not have enough scientists and engineers. And those we have can't spend enough time on basic research into unknown realms. Basic research is the quest for fundamental discoveries which can open broad new pathways for technical advancement and human betterment. It can be carried on in the laboratories of government and industry. But it is best conducted in the atmosphere of dedicated free inquiry which prevails in our colleges and universities. * In the last decade or so, this vital pressing forward of scientific frontiers has been severely handicapped. Money from private sources to feed such research has almost dried up as heavy taxes ^stopped build-up of new fortunes. The burden of supplying new funds has fallen on government and industry, as the' only plentiful sources remaining. But government and industry have been chiefly concerned with promoting scientific discoveries which would have more or less immediate application to their specific problems. So government grants usually have been tied to defense, and industry's to new or improved products. Â· Influenced by this trend, perhaps persuaded that aimless fishing in the scientific unknown is wasteful use of money, many individual Americans have also restricted their grants to specific purposes. Too frequently, however, this narrowly confined investigation leads down a blind alley. The real answers may lie in the unlocking of some of nature's stubborn mysteries. But they yield only to tireless probing in all areas of science--both with and without direction. None of us Is privileged to know where progress will come next. We must keep doggedly on trying to crack all of nature's secrets, whether they help make a 1958 model missile, a stronger automobile fender, or not. But a strait jacket on research has not been, qur only handicap. We have been badly hamstrung^ by a shortage of scientific brainpower. We can't engage in a numbers race with Russia in the production of scientists and technicians, as was well noted by Dr. James Killian, President Eisenhower's new boss of science. A dictatorship simply- tells its young people what they must study. If it wants 10,000 physicists and engineers a year, it gets them. Such moving of pawns is impossible |ji a society of' human values. Yet there are. many things we can do. We can increase the monetary and the prestige rewards of the scientist, lifting him to a status matqhing his accomplishments, In this country we have been too suspicious of brains, as we have been of spending money for pure brain work. Â·? The scientist reserves his respected place, a sure, solid, permanent place, in our society. Never again should he be downgraded. Nor should he be foolishly glorified beyond his deserts. For from such a shaky pedestal he will certainly topple, as Life magazine notes has happened today to college football heroes once almost revered on the nation's campuses. The scientist must not be -- and must not be viewed as -- a material specialist, ordered to do his technical bit but never let out of his corner. His technical training, intense ' though it is, must be set in a broad frame of humanistic studies. Thus he will always have full grasp of the human values free men cherish, and will be able to serve his country and all humanity in any additional capacity, public or private, for which he shows talent. We will begin to make up the lag when we start to turn out scientists of this order, and to give them unhampered opportunity to use their rich endowments of ability to the very hilt. Our Changing World The methodical beeptbeeprbeep of the spinning Soviet- earth 'Satellite suggested the running of a clock against free men. Never was it more urgent than now that the world un- stand tjbe true comparative nature of freedom and communism. * How do you win to the cause of freedom the peoples who have only the dimmest notion of its rewards? Millions of Asians and Africans know little of liberty as we know it. They see no reason to fight and die for it. On the coin's other face, they know little;' of Communist tyranny. They learned long ago to hate colonial dom- inatipn, which many have shaken .off. But: communism they seem to .know only by vague repute. And they listen more to the material promises than to our tales of its terror. / We realize that if they should experience Communist rule they will learn' the ugly truth. But then it may be too late for pulling back. In our own interest as well as theirs, we dare not wait until that moment. We and all who stand with us even in our strategic adversity must somehow make a monumental effort to assault the world with bitter truths of Communist tyranny, We must dwell upon them endlessly. . Yet we cannot rest there. With far greater energy and imagination than W6 have ever* s before brought to ,the task, we must show the world what the great rewards of liberty really are. They must see, and feel, the tangible Eisenhower Appointment Recalls Roosevelt Days BY C. WILSON WASHINGTON (UP) _ It was the old maestro, Franklin D. Roosevelt, back there in the year of the third term ruckus and fear of war, who rewrote an old saying to make it read like this: "IF YOU CANT lick 'em, get 'em to join you." _ So PresWent Eisenhower has invited Adlai E. Stevenson to become an arms-length par- tieipaftt in next month's consideration in Paris of the North. Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). ' , Stevenson knows nis way around the world and possesses political prestige, perhaps enough to bhtnt soine of the Democratic criticism of administration foreigii policy arid national defense ach.je.vements. All is not well with the Administration on those fronts. was a master hand at getting the benefits for themselves. But they must also be persuaded of the immense cultural and spiritual values inherent in the ways of freedom. Americans traveling or living abroad must be better missionaries than they generally are. Too often we tend to put our worst foot forward, stressing the brassy aspect of. our bustling life. We need to cultivate a deeper understanding of other peoples and show a willingness to embrace the good things of their life as we hope they will do of ours in , return. We know we have a great country, a fine tradition of freedom, and a remarkable record of achievement of hu- . man betterment for ourselves and others. But we must present our story with humility, not with an air of smug superiority. v - We deserve to be understood for what we are. Again, it is our job to see that we are. But it is not all ours. Some of the, world's emerging peoples are primitive. They cannot be looked to for an easy appreciation of the comparative merits of the American system and Russian communism. But others, like the people of India, have a long, long history of civilized living, are steeped in their own philso- ophy and wisdom, and pride themselves on their grasp of fundamental human values. Too many among these peoples are blinded by the hate engendered n the colonial era. By mysterious means that often seem wholly unreasonable, much of this feeling has been transferred from Britain and France to us. Men in these older civilizations need to look inward upon themselves. For wise men are men of compassion, tolerant oÂ£ human frailty, especially when it shows Itself in a "people so well marked by qualities of service to free humanity, as are Americans. Some who have resented our supremacy now take an odd delight in our adversity. They do not appear to grasp that our adversity is the adver- "sity of all aspiring free men. Whatever pur failings, our strength is ranged on the side of liberty, of living standards lifted up, of dignity and respect for the humman individual. On the success of the mutual adventure of trying to bring better understanding between ourselves and. others hangs the fate of all free men on this earth. enemy to join up with him. It was in June of 1940 that he shell-shocked the Republican Party by announcing two new members of his cabinet; the late Henry L. Stimsoji to be secretary of war and the late Frank Knox to be secretary of Navy. Stlmson had held cabinet office under Presidents Taft and Hoover. Knox was the Republican vice presidential nominee in 1936. ; The 1940 Republican National Convention was meeting in Philadelphia on the bright summer day that the SUmson^Knox appointments were : . announced. THE ANNOUNCEMENT jarred the assembled Republicans, none-more so than Alf M. Landon, the party's 1936 presidential nominee. Landon thought he had an agreement with Knox that neither would enter FDR's cabinet. The offer had heen made to them and had been rejected some months 'earlier. Your correspondent caught Landon with the news by means of a telephone call which interrupted his lunch in the coffee shop of a downtown Philadelphia hotel. The man from Kansas was still standing there by the cashier's desk, 'a far away look in his eyes when your correspondent arrived from across town to discuss the Knox appointment further. FDR also kidnaped the late Wendell L. Willkie whom the Republicans nominated for President in that third term year. Willkie was painlessly inducted into the Roosevelt team in 1942 almost before he knew it. FDR's later biographers claim the old master had political plans for his new boy, but nothing came of that. Roosevelt's use of big-time Republicans was as notable, however, for the man he ignored as for those he chose. Former President Hoover never was given an opportunity by Roosevelt to participate in the' war effort, despit" 1 some Obvious qualifications. It remained for. President Truman soon after Roosevelt's death to summon a Jiving former President back to public life. AND WHEN. ROOSEVELT desparately was shopping around during World War II for administrative talent he, somehow, overlooked James A. Farley, the man who brought off the first Roosevelt nomination in 1932. Farley had what it took to run a big war agency but never got the call. Back there in* 1940 Farley made a costly decision. It was to oppose a third term- FDR always was a better hater than ftirgetter. REMEMBER WHEN? FIVE YEARS AGO Nov. 19, 1952 WASHINGTON -- President-ele c t Eisenhower kept the road open Wednesday for swift changes in Truman Administration policies when he takes over the presidency Jan. 20. WASHINGTON -- Announced U. S. battle casualties in Korea reached 126,726 Wednesday, an increase of 839 since last week. FIFTEEN YEARS AGO Nov. 19, 1942 WHITEHORSE, Yukon -j- A ribbon of red, white and blue will be slashed and flung to the Arctic wind Friday, open* ing the Alaska highway. A. L. Stone, dean emeritus of the School of Journalism at the State University, Missoula, will .speak to high school journalists and guests at a Quill Scroll society dinner Friday evening at the Tempi* Tea Room. NOTHING SPECIAL By W, B. S. Some unflattering Information relative to the so-called Hoxsey Cancer Clinic that has appeared in this corner has aroused the ire of a few of our readers. But, every bit of evidence or information that comes along only adds to the overwhelming indictment against the quacks that operate Hoxsey. Â» * * Recently, the U. S. District Court .for the Western District of Pennsylvania issued a permanent restraining order against delivery of Hoxsey treatments. This is t h e third Federal Court which has found the treatment worthless. The ' order also applies to articles or drugs, booklets, pamphlets and reprints of articles promoting t h e Hoxsey treatment. * * Â« The Federal Drug and Food Administration has conducted a thorough investigation of the Hoxsey treatment and the cases which were claimed to be cured. The FDA found that not a single verified cure of internal cancer by this treatment had been fourid. Thousands of persons have paid upward from $400 for treatments plus $60 in additional fees, for which they received false treatment. * * * The FDA found that all of the so-called cures fell into one of three categories: (1) the patient never had cancer; (2) the pa- Â· tient was cured or adequately treated before going- to Hoxsey, or (3) the "cured" patient died' of cancer, or still has it. * * Now, before anyone gets mad, I've no axe to grind, and am not otherwise concerned about or with old Hoxsey. I just hate to see people misled and bilked by unscrupulous quacks and promoters. * * * Down through the years, there have been umpteen attempts to simplify the English language. The efforts have ranged from streamlined spelling (you remember the work of Col. McCormick in the Chicago Tribune) to Esperanto to vertical instead of horizontal lines-just about everything. Â· if * * The atrocious spelling and use of grammar one sees nowadays is enough to send the purist screaming to the bomb shelter. Here is a simplified Â«form that should appeal to most nonconformists, and others who are troubled: * * * Weev jest herd thatakali- fornya seniter is intradusing a bil to Istablish a kojnishun on gramer , and speling. He wantz bothe to be eezier. Thu komishun wood also ryt an of- ishul dikshunary so thu Ian* gwige wbodint change. * * * Uv kors thu Enneay and kernul mikormik had thu ydeea Jong ugo, but thay wern dtaring enuf. Awl thay did wuz save up a lot uv Ps, Hs, Os, Us, and Gs for yuse in uthur wui-ds. Seniter Harlin Hay- gin goze fathur. * * * For a long tyme reporturs hav spelt az they felt. Sumtymes thay hav trubel ryting; thayr own names. Becauz uv this, editers have jobz. Thay he|p reporters ryt thayr names etsetruh. But evln if we looÂ» our jobz, we bleeve in prahsris. seniter did naht mak,e pug-' jeschins for , grammar. (We at naht speeking uv hiz own deer old grammer, uv kors.) We subject that awl inglish verbz cood be ray- gyoolur. Praps thu seniter had naht taykd this intoo considurayshun or he naht node or not thinkd how valubul it wood be. We cood then say, "I iz, you iz, he iz, we iz, thay iz" for thu verg "to iz" and iz krekt. Down with Uraygoolur verbs! * * * Â· Yoo may ' hav thinkd this wood be hard to reed, but now yoo see that yoo kin reed it eezaly. If yer uhmerikin, it schood take you onely ten yeers. Awl kokneys, awstsayl- yuns, and,,,, peepul who don't speek good inglish wood hav to take a kors wich is wut thay dizerv for not speeking Jcrektlee. Wen kongris passuz thu bill, thay wil awl hav to speek thu kongrisiz inglish. * EDSON IN WASHINGTON * Lack of Money Isn't Reason for Any Lags WASHINGTON (NBA) -- Prevailing ideas that the United States isn't doing enough scientific research to keep ahead of the Russians aren't borne out by figures on research expenditures. Over 5.2 billion dollars are ber ing spent by the U.S. government alone for research and development this fiscal year. It must follow from this that if the right kinds of research aren't being conducted in this country, the cause may be lack of direction through scattering the scientific direction in nine government departments and 16 independent offices. In- all, there are 57 research agencies in government, with literally hundreds of separate projects in each one. Nearly three-fourths of the government's research expenditures-3.9 billion dollars--are for national security. -. .* A whopping big 1.9 billion dollars of this are for military procurement that is described by the Budget Bureau as being "in' support of research, development, test and evaluation activities." There is no public breakdown on this huge sum. But it goes for missiles, rockets, bombs, planes, ships and new weapons before they go into production for military use. ' in other words, they are completely expendable. When they are blown up in testing, there is nothing left to show for them except what h a s b e e n learned in their experimental use. And what they cost is not charged directly to rer search and development. As far as Budget Bureau accounting is concerned, the Department of Defense is charged with only two billion dollars for research. By services, it breaks down to 994 million dollars for ,the Air Force, 472 million Army and 592 million Navy. By function,, the two biggest 'items are 331 million dollars for guided missiles and rockets, 276 million for aircraft. The total also Includes 228 million dollars for new research facilities .-- laboratories and plants -- and 238 million for the pay of military personnel employed on research. The amount available for research Contracts is 1,5 billion. About half of this is performed by private industry. An order by Secretary of Defense Charles E. Wilson last August would have cut 170 million dollars from these funds. But they have now been restored by his successor, Neil H. McElroy. Atomic Energy Commission is furnishing 770 million dollars' worth of research weapons to the armed forces. But in addition to this, AEC has a 140-million research program of its own. The largest item is 87 million for reactor development. For biological and medical research, AEC has 4.6 million. Excluding the strictly military projects. Department of Health, Education and- Welfare ha s the largest research appropriation this year--187 million dollars. Of this, Public Health Service has 177 million, with 34 million for cancer research, 24 million for heart disease, 17 million for mental health, and so oh. PHS has let over 6,000 research contracts. ' Other major government research expenditures include: Department of Agriculture, 123 million dollars; National- Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, 106 million; National Science Foundation, 42 million, including 10 million for international geophysical year; Department of Interior, 47 rafllion, and Department of Commerce, 26 million; including 11 million for Bureau of Standards. How many people are employed on government research contracts is almost beyond .computing. But one of the important by-products * ot government research contracts is the training of ovet 4Q.WO scientists on r*Â«arch fellowships.. The government is currently spending over 300 million dollars a year on research contracts in educational .institutions for this work. This is not counted in research expenditures. Also not ^counted are 28 million dollars' worth of government tram- ing grants to scientific educational institutions and another 15 million to strengthen science teaching." . ; Â· . , . . . ' . . . Â· . ' Â· . ' . ' . Â· " Â· ' Â· . . If afl this money and effort cannot produce science, second to none in the world, there is something' radically wrong with" the' system, somewhere.
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