The Delta Democrat-Times from Greenville, Mississippi on May 30, 1965 · Page 32
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The Delta Democrat-Times from Greenville, Mississippi · Page 32

Greenville, Mississippi
Issue Date:
Sunday, May 30, 1965
Page 32
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EDITORIALS OF Page ·) Greenville, Miss., Sunday, May 30, 1965 Were it left to me to decide whether we should hove a government without newspapers or newspapers w i t h o u t government, I should not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter. --Thomas Jefferson Mature Transition The city can be proud of the calm, orderly way in which the first phase of the planned desegregation of the public schools was accomplished Friday and Saturday. All citizens cooperated in making this historic transition a peaceful exercise in good citizenship. Obviously the smoothness of the registration did not happen by accident. Intensive pre-planning by school officials and the police department was responsible for the efficient accomplishment of what could have been a difficult task. ing the first few days of school next September. Again Greenville has made history, the kind of history which makes pleasant rather than unpleasant reading. We have met another challenge with m a t u r i t y , and, w h i l e there are many Negroes and whites who are not pleased by w h a t has transpired--for vastly different reasons, of course--few could argue w i t h the way everything was handled. This is a time of transition, the passing of an old order and the establishment of a new one. Our a b i l i t y to absorb change w i l l be taxed again and again, but if we will but respond in the f u t u r e as we have in the past, we need not fear the future. Welcome News The announcement that Allen Manufacturing Company intends to locate its f a r m implement products plant here in the immediate future make the kind of reading all residents of this area can enjoy. This, coupled with Mid-States Metal Products Company's intention to expand its existing operation means that within months there will be around 100 more industrial jobs open to local workers. If all works out as both companies hope, there Will be a total of 180 new jobs at both plants w i t h i n a year. That's exactly what our economy needs, and more like il. The crying desperate need is for more jobs for all our people, white and Negro. The mechanical revolution on the farms is proceeding al an even faster pace, while our industrial development has been lagging- * * * IN THAT regard, we hope the Industrial Foundation decides to adopt a proposal suggested by Greenville businessman J a k e Stein t h a t it launch an aggressive Industry hunt, of a kind not seen here in several years. In such a h u n t we trust the major consideration will be the needs of the total community and not any a n t i q u - ated notions about restrictions no longer applicable to the local situation. The manpower training program to bo initiated this summer at the old Greenville Air Force Base will go a long way toward supplying the trained labor so needed by existing industries -- and the training so badly needed by people in this area to m a k e them employable. This, despite all the inducements which we could offer in tax advantages and Ihe like, has been one of our biggest handicaps in attracting new industry. When industry looked, it could not see any readily available labor capable of manning its more refined operations. But this is a digression from our welcome to Allen Manufacturing Company and our happiness about Mid-States expansion. These are birds in the hand which w i l l help everyone even while we are beating the bushes for more. Vengeful Retaliation In Bogalusa The "never-nevers" in Bogalusa are attempting to prove that a realistic approach to what more and more Southerners have come to accept as the law of the land is political suicide. The hard-liners said last week that they have collected more t h a n 2,800 signatures on a petition for a new election to boot Mayor Jesse Cutrer out of office. And this man's crime? He announced that he intends to have repealed all segregation ordinances in Bogalusa. * * * THOSE segregation ordinances are clearly at variance with the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and in making his pronouncement--which very obviously surprised Negroes in Bogalusa -- Cutrer said he is simply in favor of compliance with the law, distasteful though it may be. SWIFT COMFU5T1 ^Personal Selling At White House Helps Lyndon's Amazing Record WASHINGTON -- The legisla- shook hands live record chalked up by the permitted to wander 8Dth Congress so far is nothing short of phenomenal. Major bill after bill is clicking through committee, going up for a full vote, signed by the Speaker and Vice President, then shipped down to Pennsylvania Avenue for the President's signature formal portions of the White House, could partake of icewat- cr in paper cups from a cooler _ but that was all. Roosevelt improved this formula by treating the Congressmen wiih sandwiches and cot- (ce. The White House entertain- )]is own Qus (]j ni . crs into law. Not since His early new ment budget is too slim to per- has Wash- mil any further entertainment without going into the red. However. Johnson has changed all this. He has dipped into to pay for vari- last year and ten through the Senale and fojrty- Congressional dinners this year. This is one reason he had to borrow $100,000 to pay his income tax. These are not receptions where the guests file through and shake hands. These have been full deal days of FDR ington seen anything like il. During Ihe first year I.BJ was in office, he passed fifty-one of Kennedy's remaining b i l l s Ihrough Ih seven through the House. This year he is finishing up the hangover bills and passing a lot more of his own. nt In thli Introducing Dean Rusk t questions on Viet N«m, th» Pr*. iident lometlmes twlu Ms num. her one Cabinet officer. * * · "I DON'T know how D t i n Rusk can handle these foreign countries," he say«. "He couldn't even carry Georgit in the last election." -- After the briefings TO THE insider, ing legislative font this Lett er s-To-Th e- Ed ito r Reader Backs Police Arrest Action To The Editor: In Greenville we have a good, honcsl, hard-working police de- p a r t m e n t . They go lo any lengths cheerfully and dutifully to enforce the law and to pro'.ect the peace, Iranquility and properly of our citizenry, while and Negro. No sane, fair minded person could honestly accuse our cily Judge (Earl) Solomon of discriminalion because of race. I know nothing of the events of the Negro charged with assaulting an officer except what 1 read in your paper. But the officer was treated for \ split lip am! Ihe arrested person got nway from him and hid. The arrested person had a police record. This justified police using strong means to carry him in. And what have been Cutrer's pronouncements on this subject? He said, "I have taken an oath as a public o f f i c i a l to uphold all laws of this nation, state and city and I intend lo carry out my obligation to the best of my ability." ''If we are to survive," he added, "we have to uphold laws -those we like and those we dislike. We have lo m a i n t a i n law and order and canni give in to those who would have it otherwise." W h a t a wild-eyed radical this man must be. * * * PRIDE and bitterness may well supply the ingredients to force him out of office. Under Louisiana law 25 per cent of the registered voters at the last regular election may petition for a new election, the date of which Gov. John McKeithen must set. If, as the die-hards claim, there are now 2,800 signatures on t h a t petition, it seems likely they've TOO often when police h a v e trouble with a Negro, all Ihe "rights" organizations y e l l , "Discriminalion and police brutality." Negroes now have f i r s t class citizenship and they must face up to Ihe duties and penalties of thai citizenship. One of Ihose du- lies is to keep the law anil when apprehended by an officer nf Ihe law lo go with him in a peaceful, decent m a n n e r . The arrested person will have his day in court and will receive f a i r treatment al the hands of our city judge. All offenders do. Ton many Negroes think \x- cause of the publicity aboul Negro rights, they can break the law, rebel against law officers: fiat-raft, ~[he ftgkt cry "discrimination" and gel nway with it. This is untrue. Obedience lo the law is a basic duly of a citizen. A policeman represents that law and law abiding citizens have no trouble with policemen. On every call, a policeman is pulling his life on the line. He never knows when a crazy drunk or a criminal will attempt his murder. * * » AM OFFICER of the law is killed in our nation every 20 minutes of Ihe day. Obedience must be enforced if the law is to he effective. The policeman's enforcement of orders it not has- cial discrimination but upon his call of duty to protect each of us. Willwut enforcement, the law is worthless. Some time I think we need an organization for prevention of cruelty to policemen. Their's is a hard job, a heavy responsibility and not loo much pay. All citizens of good will, Negro and white, let's stand behind our policemen. They give us exceptionally good coverage, not only in performance of their duly bul far beyond. Mrs. Ann Sullivan 527 W. O'Hea Si. Greenville Della and the nation. The public is not interested in ihe varied shapes of highway signs, porpoises picketing the public beaches in Florida, or the difficulty one has in reading the dircclions on frozen food packages. These trite tid - bits, if they must be in Ihe paper at all, should be used as fillers. The news in the paper should be arranged according to its importance. The aforementioned, in this case, is assuredly not front - page news. Malcolm Graham Ayres Haxton ania?.- no accident. It results from the skill, astule political knowledge and persuasive |»wer of the President, ilo man has sat in Ihe While llouse. not even including Ihe late Franklin Koosevell. since I hnvc been in Washing- Ion, who has had greater finesse and more know · how in dealing with Congress than Lyndon li. Johnson. Sometimes, bul not often, he gets irritated at his leaders. Mot,! of the time he gets whai he wanls through salesmanship. Lymlon docs not call commil- lee chairmen unless Sen. Mike Mansfield, D-Munl., or Speaker Jchn McCormack. D-Mass.. ask him lo. He doesn't like lo go over Iheir heads to individual Sena t o r s and Congressmen with one or two exceptions like old friends, such as Jack Brooks of Texas or Warren Magnuson of Seattle, who served in the House. Ihe U. S. Navy, and in the Senate with Lyndon. Part of the President's amazing l e g i s l a t i v e achieve - ment conies from a series of receptions and dinners he lias given for Congressmen. It has always been White House custom for Ihe President to give one reception a year for members of Congress. In the days of Calvin Coolidge, Congressmen filed by, cd through the upstairs private portions of the White House while their husbands had a discussion meeting with Ihe President where they could ask him questions, a r g u e with h i m, talk about any problem they wished. » * + HF, HAS given them briefings on South Viet Nam. the curtailment of Veterans Hospitals, the Dominican Republic. Though Cabinel Members are present lo answer detailed ques- lions, the President likes to burgc in with his personal comments. "I'll answer that one," he will say. Then, hitching his pants up above the waistline -- Ihe Pre- sidcnl wears his pants low on the hips like a Texas cowboy -he will jump into the discus- cussion. Explaining on one occasion dent, who is a good cheek - tn . cheek dancer, makes it · point lo whirl every Congressman's wife. One n a t i o n that President Johnson is delermind to help keep on its feet is tiny South Korea, whose soldiers fought and died alongside our own to slop communist aggression » decade ago. South Korea has now sent more than 2,000 troops to help Americans, again to defend freedom in South Viet Nam. This is the reason President J o h n s o n overruled objections from the State Department to keep a date at the While House with South Korea's tough lillle President Park. Since LDJ had claimed he was "too busy" to see India's Prime Minister Shaslri and Pakistan's President Ayub Khan, the Stale Department argued that ha must also cancel Park's visit. * ' * * BUT THE President made it clear he wasn't too busy to see a friend like Park. Though Park has been pictured in this country as n military dictator, the truth is t h a t he was elected by the litllc peo- frequent changes of govern- pie of South Korea in a drama- mcnt in South Viet Nam. the President told about the Texas county that couldn't seem to keep a sheriff. There was too much corruption, and each new sheriff was caught wiih his hand in the till. Corrupiion in Saigon, he implied wasn't murh worse than in some Texas counties. tically close election in October, 1963. An overwhelming 91 per ccnl of the 12,955,015 cligble voter* turned rat at the polls. Park lost the city vote in Seoul by a three- to - one margin. But the peasants came through in the countryside to give him a narrow, 156,028-vote victory. · - · r--'.*·-··*. vriv* p" ,.' . - * . . , .:. .":.;:^^.-rfi; Almanac DD-T Front Page Comes Under Fire TO THE EDITOR: The front page nf the Delia Democrat Times should be devoted lo pertinent news to the By United Press Internalional Today is Sunday, May 30, the 150lh day of 1365 with 215 to follow. Tills is Memorial Day. The moon is new. The morning slar is Saturn. The evening star is Mars. American actress and author Cornelia Otis Skinner was born on this day in 1901. On this day in history: In 1431, Joan of Arc, Ihe Maid of Orleans was burned at the slake in Rouen, France, at the age of 19. In I8S3, an unfounded report lhat the Brooklyn Bridge was about (o collapse resulted in an outbreak of panic and 12 persons were trampled to dealii. Klan $1 Million Damage Suit Is Boomeranged By Moderates A thought for the day: Poet Ralph Waldo Emerson wrote: "A friend is a person with whom 1 may he sincere. Before him, I may think aloud." WASHINGTON -- A million dollar damage suit filed by the bold and resurgent Ku Klux Klan is being turned into an onti- Klan boomerang by racial moderates in the Soulh. Planning the boomerang strategy behind the closed doors of their panelled offices in Birmingham, Ala., are some of the South's most prestigious lawyers. They also happen to be bitter enemies of Gov. George Wallace, of the Klan, and of racial extremism. The suit for a cool million dollars in damages, alleged to have been incurred by the United KK K of America, Inc., last fall, was filed by Matt Murphy. Chief at- American Intervention Was Justifiable The "never-nevers" think other- got enough signatures to get their wise. To them, the law is secondary. Like some civil rights leaders who claim moral infallibility and hence superiority over the law, these men believe t h a t Jesse Cutrer has sold them out -- because he believes in m a i n t a i n i n g the law. election. And if they manage to elect the candidate of their choice, who probably w i l l come from the mold that should have been broken when Barnett was made, Bogalusa w i l l have p l a n t e d a crop guaranteed to bear bitter f r u i t . It is tempting, hut cowardly, to decline to wrile about Ihe situation in Ihe Dominican Republic until the dust settles, to use n famous phrase. The trouble, of course, is that when the dust does settle, it is often the case On the other hand the S t a t e Department w o r r i e s mostly aboul (he effect, under the aspect of world opinion, of hauling into power a junta whose general unpopularity would fortify the suspicion that the United Stales that you are left to write about is concerned to establish a pup- -· · ·" - - . - j :- /-I-' p c [ government. Thus the word goes around t h a t Mr. Abe Fortas, a left-leaning lawyer who is very close lo President Johnson hell on earth. We wailed in China until the dust sealed, Iricd in Watch Those Kids! School speed limits (you know, 15 mph when children are present) got a rest as thousands of Greenville children forsake for three months the schools. Unfortunately for drivers, those children present a far greater traffic hazard when not in the w e l l marked school t r a f f i c areas. A n d , for the next three months, toddlers ly hope that the city's motorists will consider the entire city as a school t r a f f i c zone and will exercise the caution driving throughout the city that they pray is used by other motorists near their own children and grandchildren. Although college professors may claim for themselves the title of "world's most absent minded," all through teens are going to be in parents know that a child at play the streets of our city and in ever- can forget more good safety practices than any one else. We only hope lhat motorists al- present danger. Obviously children at play signs cannot be posted wherever the so realize this shortcoming of the youngstcrs congregate. We can on- youngsters. HOODING CARTER Editor and Publisher HOODING CARTER III JOHN T, GIBSON Associate Editor and Publisher General Manager Cuba lo \inselllc Ihe dust, but in both cases it proved loo late. Or rather, proved too late in Icrrns of whal we were prepared to sacrifice in order lo depollule. The situation in Santo Domingo -- correct me if I am wrong -- is roughly as follows: 1) Bosch is the licro of the liberal lefl. Bosch, moreover, is an important popular force in the Dominican Republic as witness the smashing political triumph he won when he ran for office. The ensuing difficulties have something to do w i t h B o s c h ' s enormous personal weaknesses. His shrill ineffectiveness in recenl weeks suggests even the possibility of dysphasia, or senility. Call il what you will, bul agree that he appears to be incompetent lo govern. THE STATE Department and Ihe Pcnlagon appear lo be aci- ing at cross purposes. On the one hand the Pentagon worries mostly whelher the Dominican Republic might evolve, under Ihe leadership of Bosch or one of his lieutenants, as another Castro Republic. is foremost among Ihose who arguing the necessity of designating a Bosch - type as (he next leader of the Dominican Republic. During the past period it appears as though Guzman, a former cabinet minister of Bosch, is to be given the principal responsibility for organizing a new government. If so, it remains lo be seen whelher Guzman can resist the pressure of the Communist elements that impinge upon the PRO (Bosch) movement: Ihe MTD group (Peking), (he PSTD (Moscow), and the Hlh of June (Castro). If one draws back a litte from the chaos. Ihe following ques- lions appear to emerge. Is it possible to control the inlemal politics of n country lhat desires to go, in a hazy sort of way, left, hut does nol realize that in choosing to go lefl, it may be placing its destiny in the hands of people who will carry it all llw way left? Carry it towards a Castro type dictatorship? Mr. Richard Rovere, the elegant commentator of the liberals, who take everything in his stride except bursts of ami- Communist activity, commented a couple of years ago that it might very well prove a salutary thing lhat Castro had got hnld of Cuba. Why? Because his example would cause all nations wilhin a wide radius of that miasma to guard against the possibility lhat such a tale as Cuba's might be Iheir own. t * * WE DO not need Ihe example of Bosch's nubility to Communist penetration to prove Rovr- re wrong: but it helps. The Dominican Republic is about as close to Cuba as a nation can be. and in fact the political left there has shown itself remarkably innocent aboul Ihe catastrophic consequences of admitting Communists into their movement. That is why President Johnson has kept the Marines in Santo Domingo. The United States hardly desires to accept the overhead of maintaining in power a government that doesn't have popular support. But our transcendent responsibility is to look to the day after tomorrow. Will a popular leader cede power -- invol- unlarily one supposes -- to the Communists? At such a point as to make effective intercession by the American government That is why Presklent Johason has kept the Marines in Santo Domingo. The United Slates hardly desires lo accept the overhead of maintaining in power a government that doesn't have popular support. Bul our transcendent responsibility is lo look to the day after tomorrow. Will a popular leader cede power -- involuntarily one supposes -- lo (he Communists? At such a point as lo make effective intercession by the American government impossible, or politically unfeasible? If Betancourt had been an ounce less strong, Venezuela would have gone to Ihe Communists in Ihe early 60's. How strong is Guzman? It remains to be observed that a country hasn't, in fact, any right to "choose" Communism. It is impossible, at one and the same time, to believe equally in the rights cf self government, and in human righs. If there is n absolute righl to self government, then Germany had the absolute light to elect Adolf Hitler as chancellor. The United States government, on the other hand, has no business interfering with a nation that chooses n leader, however despotic. But if the despot chosen by the people is also a Communist imperialist, whose activities are integrated with those of a mighty world power bent on the destruction of the rights of American citizens, then the right to interfere quickly overcomes, by reasons of state, the right to selMeler- minalion. lorney for the Klan, Murphy achieved national notoriety in his demagogic defense of three Klan members charged with the murder of Mrs. Viola I.iuz- zo following the Selma-to-.Vlont- gomery civil rights march. * t * MURPHY'S suit is against a formidable array of defendants: the BirmingJiam News, the National Conference of Christians, and Jews, a Birmingham synagogue, and a professor of psychology at the University of Alabama. It charges them with def a m i n g the KKK and thereby causing severe damage to its reputation and a possible decline in membership. Bul inslend of attempting a narrow defense or asking the Jefferson County circuil court (in Birmingham) to throw out the case, the defendants are transforming their defense into an offense - one of the sharpest offenses ever planned against the Ian. (EDITOR'S NOTEi "Inside Report" will appear daily on the editorial page of the Delta Democrat-Times) "This suit opens up opportunities for us that not even a Congressional investigation offers," an anli-Klan attorney in Birmingham told us. "By bringing his suit, Murphy has opened a Pandora's box of trouble for the Klan." * * * WHY? Because, to back up his contention of damage to rep- uation and membership, Murphy may well be forced to disclose secret lists of members, sect et proceedings of meetings, secret plans of operations. To prove his case Murphy may be compelled to expose Ihe most intimate secrets of the super-secret KKK. If he docs, Murphy would face the wrath of members who joined on condition that their membership would never be exposed to the outside world. I.ast fall, for the first time in modern Alabama history, a special booth at the annual slate fair wns set aside for the KK.K Although Wallace's role in this is uncertain, his enemies believe the booth was approved with Ihe Governor's consent, * * * THE Klan both at thfi fair raised a howl of protest from churches and newspapers (both the Birmingham News and ths Post-Herald were outraged). Speaking as counsel for the KK K. Murphy immediately demanded a retraction. Instead of retracting their criticism, tho defendants i g n o r e d Murphy and continued their attack. Murphy found himself in the position of having to put up or shut up. He procrastinated for six months, then filed his million dollar damage suit last week. This opened an opportunity to expose the inskle workings of (he Klan as Ihe plotter of civil rights murders, church burnings, and other racist atrocities, by exerting heavy pressure on the KKK oath of secrecy. * * * THAT oath is taken seriously. It is hampering invesligalors of the Hojse Un-American Activities Committee in (heir probe of thn Klan. But now every KKK member who is called as a witness in the million dollar damage suit, either in court or in pre - trial depositions, will have lo reconcile his oath as a Klansman not to tell anyone anything about Ihe KKK with his oath as a witness in a court of law lo tell the truth, the whole trulh, and nothing but the truth. And Matt Murphy is to blame. Paradoxically, the major part of Murphy's practice up until a few years ago was defending Negroes in small - time criminal cases. Although he still handles a few criminal cases, his emphasis has now switched to professional racism. But, considering Ihe suppressed excitement among Southern moderates brought on by his million dollar blunder, Murphy soon may wish he had slayed in criminal court. He has given the moderates a golden chance to expose and destroy the KKK. FOUR CONVICTED GENOA, Italy (UPI) -- Four anti-American demonstrators, including two Communists, were convlcled Friday of participating in a "seditious gathering." Their sentences were suspended. The four were among about 50 persons who marched to th« waterfront here Monday to protest U.S. policy in Viet Nam. The U.S. naval support ship Sylvania was docked in Genoa at the time,

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