The Delta Democrat-Times from Greenville, Mississippi on July 17, 1960 · Page 4
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The Delta Democrat-Times from Greenville, Mississippi · Page 4

Greenville, Mississippi
Issue Date:
Sunday, July 17, 1960
Page 4
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HOODING CARTER Editor ind Publisher JOHN T. GIBSON General Manager Greenville, Miss., Sunday, July 17, 1960 Wcrb It loft to me (o decide whether tvo should have n government without nnwspnpbr.1 or newspapers without government, I should not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter. --Thoma* Jefferson Good Southern Image I F Mississippians need a sharp E contrast to the spectacle put on by Gw. Ross Barnett and J"udge Tom Brady in "advancing the cMtse of the South" at the Democratic convention, they got it in the speech given by G o v e r n o r Luther Hodges of North Carolina Thursday. His wns a speech formed by reason and substantiated by fact. Instead of. the negative approach, it was positive. Instead of hoarse-voiced oratory, it was calm presentation. What did Gov. Hodgps do? He took his television audience back with him into history. He pictured a South once the richest region in the nation, ravaged by the Civil War and Reconstruction. He described the torturous climb out of that economic pit. Finally he reeled off the amazing Southern industrial success story of the past 20 years accomplished, as he said, "without a 'Marshall Plan'." Gov. Hodges did not avoid the race issue, He met it head-on, admitting that it existed, but pointing out the complexity of its causes and the depth of the problem. North Carolina, he said, had managed to adjust to the Supreme Court desegregation decision. But North Carolina was not the rest of the South, he said. Just as individual counties within North Carolina varied in their racial problems, so the stales of the South varied. Population ratio, history, economics -- all play a part in the total picture. Perhaps the best way to' describe the difference between Gov. Hodges and the two Mississippi spokesmen is that the North Carolina governor was not trying to tell off the rest of the nation. He was not making a stump speech for reelection from a national podium. Instead, he asked for patience on the part of those who would force change upon the South overnight, and tolerance of all sections of the c o u n t r y for each other's problems. Gov. Hodges' talk was not a dynamic address. It was not a rabble rouser. But his address put across more of the South's message to the rest of the nation than all the Confederate flag-waving, all the shouting emotionalism, and all the loud defi- nance in the South put together. Put Them All On Ballot T HE Jackson Clarion-Ledger, with whose editorial policy we often disagree, had a suggestion on Friday which we heartily endorse. In Its lead editorial the paper recommended that all three major slates of electors -- Democratic, Republican and Independent -- be put on the ballot. This, as it said, is the only politically moral course of action. Such a course must apparently be considered since it fs clear many state party leaders mean to lead Mississippi out of the party. This is their perogratlve, although we feel it is a foolish one. With. Lyndon Johnson on the ticket, the humber of other Southern states who will follow our lead can be counted on the fingers of one hand, end the number of electoral votes they possess between them can be counted on one hand -- in practical political terms -- also. The Clarion-Ledger felt constrained to offer its suggestion for a perfectly good reason. In 1948 the electors for the Democratic Party were kept off the ballots of several states in the abortive Dixie- crat attempt, and the state's present mood might lead to such a course by Mississippi this ye,ar. There will definitely be a party loyalist group who Will attempt to put up a slate of electors pledged to the Democratic Party. As Cliff Sessions notes in his column on the opposite page, it will be probably be led by former Gov. J. P. Coleman. There is also going to be a strong Republican push. And, if Gov. Barnett, Judge Tom Brady ahd their cohorts have anything to say about it, there will be an independent slate. In fairness to the people of the state, all three groups should appear on the ballot. A Common Sense Decision T HE Board of Supervisors demonstrated common sense Friday In deferring the creation of a second constable In the T h i r d District. As a gesture to Constable Bill Townley alone, who campaigned last August on the premise that he would be the only con- Stable in the district, the Board's decision was the correct one. We doubt that there will be any more need for a second constable in the Third District in 1963 than there is today, but that is a matter which can be resolved then. That another one is not needed now has been affirmed by Sheriff Hollingsworth, Chief Burnley, and the 428 citizens who signed the counter-petition opposing the plan. In any case, the Board recognized that there was more wisdom in taking action later than in rushing headlong into a dubious position. Time, we believe, will bear out the correctness of their decision. Convention Sidelights By PAUL PETT LOS ANGELES (AP) -- Some 80,000 people w e n t out lo see the Democrats wind up their national convention Friday night in a king size baseball field noted for its ''Chinese" homers. They saw quite a show. They saw Adlai E. Stevenson almost derailed by what looked like an Indian uprising. They saw the Democrats rake the Republicans on land and in the air and for a while It seemed the Republicans were counterattacking from the sky. They saw enough movie slars and marching bands and motor-cycle cops riding in formalion to the "Dragnet" theme music to remake "Ben Hur" in modern dress. And, of course, they saw the nominee, Jack Kennedy, make his big acceptance speech and they saw the losers praising him as though he had been their choice all the time. Sen. Stuart Symington even went so far as to explain why Kennedy beat Symington and Stevenson nd Lyndon B. Johnson for the top spot. "How rlid he do it?" Symington said. "He did it because he has just a little more courage, stamina, wisdom and character than Ihe rest of us." Kennedy also got high praise from Johnson, his r u n n i n g male, who apparently is convinced that Kennedy matured cnoufe- in Ihe lasl two days to be president. Early in the proceedings, sky-wrilim- planes puffed propaganda over Ihe Coliseum--"stop wasle" and "cnl debt" -which was a pretty expensive way of starting to economize. Several speakers were bothered by helicopters overhead. Convention Chairman LcRoy Collins turned his a n t i a i r c r a f t fire on them: "Just like the Republicans, they j u s t whirl round and round without gelling anywhere." TODAY'S BIBLft VERSE Serve the Lord with fear, and rejoice with trembling. --Psalm 1:11 The Delta Democrat-Times this newspaper welcomes letters to th« editor to be published so long as they remain within the boundaries of decency and libel laws. The name of Ihe sender may be withheld on request, bul all uch letters must fa* signed and return addresses given if they are lo be considered for publication. Published every afternoon (except Saturday) and Sunday by: The Times Publishing Co., Inc., 201 Main St., Greenville, Mist. Subscription Ratal Delivery by carrier 35c per week. Mall subscriptions payable In advance to subscribers lu-ing in Washington and adjoining counties not served by dealers and carriers, 512.00 frer year, tix mon:l,s, J5.50. By mail I'll other areas within United States: One year J15.00; 8 months $8.00; one month $1.50. Notice To Public The Delta Democrat-Times docs not intentionally misinterpret any individual thing. Correction will be, cheerfully made of any erroneous statement called to our attention. The Associated Press and United Press are exclusively entitled to use for ^publication « »I1 lh« new* dispatches dredifed to them or Hot otherwise credited In this newspaper. Al] rights of repumication herein are also reserved. En(*rM s Second Clasj frtattef at the Post Offioft at Greenville, Miss., under Act of March 8, 1679. Under Capital Dome State Demos Are Looking Toward COP By JAMES SAGGUS Associated Press Staff Writer Unhappy Mississippi Democrats arc casting bashful glances toward the Republican National Convention -- hoping for a conservative miracle and wondering how to handle one if it occurs. While Ihe leaders ot the state Democralic Party are working overtime seeking a course for Mississippi in the presidential race, capitol talk has taken on a new and kindlier note toward the GOP. "The Democratic p l a t f o r m reads like one Paul Butler would have personally written," one of Gov. Koss Barselt's colonels said. "They went out of their way to kick the South. Now they want lo make us like it by dangling Lyndon Johnson in fronl of us. Slate Go Rcpub? "The Democratic Party may have done al one convention whal the Republicans have been unable to do after years of work--make Mississippi vote Republican." Most capilol sources predict the state convention will reconvene-probably after Ihe GOP names its candidate and platform--to discuss Ihe stale's role in the presidential race. Some leaders, like former gubernatorial candidate Charles Sullivan, also are calling for the election of unpledged presidential electors who can vote for the can' didate who will offer the South the best deal. In the event of a close election, these could hold the balance of power. Mississippi's resentment against the Democratic Party stems from the nomination of Sen. John Kennedy of Massachusetts for president as well as adoption of the liberal platform. Kennedy is considered an ultra-liberal who will go as far to the left as Congress will permit. Dislike Kennedy Mississippians also feel that former President Truman hit the nail on the head with charges the national convention was rigged in Kennedy's favor. "If Republicans come up with any kind of platform at all," one observer said, "I think people will be surprised how well they do in the South. Religious Issue "I think people have underestimated the effect of his Roman Catholic religion will have on non- Catholic voters. I think the national party lips underestimated the resentment the platform and selection of an ultra-liberal candidate wilt have. "They are mistaken if they think Johnson running for vice president will make up for all this. Johnson is no prize conservative at best. Our delegation wasn't completely sold on him. "Even a Bilbo couldn't do much as president if he were saddled w i t h lhal kind of platform." Solid Soulh One thing lliat could change such predictions of Republican gains is a unified southern efforl in behalf of a protest ticket, or for unpledged electors who could cast t h e i r stales' votes for the party that would offer the most concessions. Almost unanimously capito' sources say Hie Republicans can make great strides in the South with a more moderate phuform. These sources won't predict any GOP sweep of Dixie even with a conservative plalform -- largely because of traditional southern animosity toward the GOP--hut their tone indicates they themselves arc thinking seriously about leaning toward the GOP. Notes From The News KILLED IN ACCIDENT PHILADELPHIA, Miss. (AP)- 13an M a r t i n Rudolph, 18, Phila- clelphia, was killed Saturday when his car overturned five miles north of here. ACT OF GOD NIIGATA. Japan (AP)-A court lias ruled that the death of 124 worshippers in tlie 1956 stampede at lyahikii Shinlo shrine was an act of God. Four .Shinto priests were acquitted Friday of accidental homicide charges. Government prosecutors accu«i' Ihe priests of negligence and had demanded they Iw fined $HO c-.ich. HOT RAU.Y LOS ANGKLES (AP) -- The Democralic convention broke an all-time record at Memorial Coliseum Friday: 100 persons collapsed from the heat during the big Kenr^-dy-.lohnson rally. The previous record was 42, last year during a World Scries game. One elderly man who collapsed Friday suffered a possible heart attack near the climax of Sen. John F. Kennedy's acceptance speech. The day's maximum temperature was 92 degrees. The POWER of FAITH Louise Eskrlgf e Crump's Delta Scene I. Vincent d: Paul devoted his life to the poor, the sick, the unfortunate. When lie was a young priest, he was captured by Barbary pirates and sold into slavery. But he never forgot his mission. He preached and ministered to his fellow galley slaves. Later, he converted his master and escaped. As a free man, St. Vincent continued'his charily work among slaves and established missions which later grew into the Congregation of Priests of the Mission, or "Lazarites," devoled lo work among the Christian captives In Moslem lands. Two centuries after the death of St. Vincent, young Frederic Ozanam was taunted about his faith: "Show us your works!" Guided by the principle "Find those in need and go to them," Ozanam and his friends founded a society of laymen devoted to social service and dedicated it to St. Vincent. Thus today, the Society of St. Vincent de Paul continues lo minister to the ailing, feed the starving, shelter the homeless and carry on in the inspiring spirit of its patron saint. Today In National Affairs By DAVID LAWRENCE LOS ANGELES -- "Can he win? Will he win?" These two questions are really not the same, but they are being asked continuously around here among delegates, newspapermen ami people generally as the Democratic National Convention comes to a close. The answer to the first question is that, under certain circumstances, Senator ' John F. Kennedy, the Democratic nominee, could win. Business could t a k e a severe slump. Unemployment couid produce discontent in many areas where big electoral votes arc cast. A serious blunder by the administration in handling foreigr policy could change the whole face of things between now ar.d November. As lo tlw: socnnd question vhcther Senator Kennedy wil' ^in. a positive [;re;Sictic:i cannot :c mrtde about nnyih : 'i(; in (he Drew Pearson's Sen. Kennedy Face* Long, Uphill Struggle future. Taking, however, just the economic and world conditions that exist as of this moment, and assuming that they will still prevail in November, Senator Kennedy seems doomed to defeat by a substantial margin of electoral voles. Can Correct The Massachusetts Senator could correct some ol the errors of strategy made in this convention and, by repudiating some provisions of his own platform, might win back some of the electoral votes he appears to have lost overnight in ihe solid Soulh. But, as of today, nothing like this is in prospect. Merely nominating Senator Johnson for the vice presidency is not enough It) carry all of the South, because a matter of principle, rather t h a n ".·crsonalities, is involved in the controversy over the "civil ·ighls" planks. T h e principal reasons W h y Senator Kennedy will not win are 1. Inexperience. This is not lo be confused with Ihe "youth" argument. There is no reason ·vhy a 43-ycar'Olrl marl shouldn't 'ie elected president simply be- cai:se of age. Vice President Nix- on is only 47. But the "experience" argument is something else again. It goes to the heart of the question of public oonlidence In the maturity and judgment of a man who is to hold the m o a t powerful office in the world at One of the most critical times in American history. Vice President Nixon has had daily experience in national and international affairs in the past seven and a half years. He Is familiar with the Elsenhower policies a n d . I h e workings of the executive branch of the government as well as with congressional affairs. He will be endorsed vigorously by President Eisenhower, who still is a very popular figure. The basic attitude of the electorate toward a change of administrations. There is no deep- sealed desire on the part of people generally for change. The speakers at the Democralic Convention dug up every adverse argument they could against the administration, but, except for some sectional grievances, came up with only vague generaiities on national and international policy which amounted in substance lo the statement: "We don't like Hot we»ther tt fishing weather and local anglers are taking full advantage and art out to catch anything that will jrab * hook--almost. Buddy Woods of 318 North Hinds was fishing in S small lake in Arkansas the other day. He was making his second cast when a threepound owl swooped down and grabbed ths hook. Woods reeled him In, half drowned, unhooked him and put him down on die scat to dry out. The owl, a bit "shook up" by his experience, sat Cjuletly In the boat for an hour. He watched the fisherman pull in several fish and then blinked his eyes and flew away to tell other owls of his fishing experiences. A few days ago I was talking with one ol Greenville's business men who asked for two recipes. He wants a rrcipe for old fashioned salt rising bread. This bread he says is linked in his mind with his mother and her cooking and he wants to taste it again and see if he will find it as good as it used to be. The other recipe he wants is for Western Sourdough. This he has never lasted, but has met it in the pages of Western novels. If any reader has either or both of these recipes, please send in a copy and I'll see that it gets into the hands of our business man, or better still I'll send them to his wife. Dolores Jcanette Helton, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John II. Helton of Indianola was graduated in June from Ihe Indianola fligh School and was graduated with a perfect 12 years attendance record. Among her graduation gilts was the administration and want the jobs for ourselves, and we can do better." It takes more than a mere plea for public office to convince the electorate. Persuasive and explicit reasons have to be given. The vast number of persons employed and the general level of prosperity do not indicate a demand for change, as Is so often distinctly expressed when times are bad. 3. The party platform. 'Every small business man and every plant and business establishment, as well as every private club and every private school, now is on notice that the Democratic platform insists on a proportionate number of Catholics, Protestants and Jews -- as well as whites and Negroes -- being employed or being admitted to p r i v a t e schools, private clubs and insti- lulions. The Democratic plalform promises "equal access" in "all areas of community life" irrespective of race, color, religion or national origin. This can play havoc with Senator Kennedy's chances because, in the North as well as in the South, this is considered lo be going too far just lo capture the vote of Negroes and other minority groups. 4. Last but not least -- the unfortunate and deplorable argument about religion. It has no standing in logic or constitutional principle. Yet, in political appraisals, one has to be realistic and concede that, while Ihe Issue may not be decisive in states that are going to be preponderantly AM from Governor «nd Mrs. Ross Barnett and a congratulatory letter fom President tnd Mrs, Dwlght D, Elsenhower. Lake Villige Irt't tta only Delta town t6 claim representation tt th« Democratic Convention. Doug Wynn has 1 been glimpsed on TV by several home town folk. On ono occasion the cameras picked him out as he stood with Sam Rayburn and on another occasion he waa seen crossing the noor with his father-in-law, Ed Clark of Austin, Texas. And its interesting to think of the thousands of people who havo stayed glued to TVs all over the United States watching the convention eagerly scanning the millions of faces, looking for n familiar one, someone from home. ri Ban On TJ-2 Flights Is Real Thing Douglas Abraham's letters written from the Hague are beginning to arrive. He Is having a wonderful- time and in the last Idler he told ot making a new friend. The friend is Lt. Colonel Jerome F. Lieklick, whose wife is the furmer Patty Rose Goodman of Liltle Rock, a cousin of Roy Campbell and the Colonel is a friend ot Jimmy Robiirtshaw. They were in school together. I know thai Douglas and his new friend had a wonderful together. The next best thing to meeting an old friend on foreign soil is making a new friend whose roots go back into home soil. Odd Fact At the age of 100 a woman In Woodbridgc, N.J., who was born in Scotland and came to this country 31 years ago, recently decided to become an American citizen. Democratic anyhow, It could shilt just enough votes in other states where the margin would naturally be close. It could, for instance, be an important negative factor in the South when added to the factor of "civil rights" plank in the party platform. It will be recalled that the presence on the ticket of e Southern Protestant -- Democratic Senate Leader Joe Robinson ot Arkansas -didn't keep Al Smith from losing five slates in the solid South in 1928. The foregoing reasons could be supplemented if a big crisis in world affairs develops between now and election day. The public reacts quickly to crises. T h e Suez crisis in October 19M meant a considerable addition to the Eisenhower vote. The people are reluctant to see any change In the personnel in high posts of government when there is an international crisis going on t h a t could mean American entry into a war. The Democrats had lha benefit of this psychology in 1018, when President Wilson was reelected for a second term during World War I, and in 19-10, when the nation went so far as to break tradition against a third term by electing President Roosevelt in that year and even for a fourth term in 1D44, while World War II was still going on. It's nn uphill light for Senator Kennedy, and the breaks of the news in the next three and a half months will be all-important in determining the outcome of tho election. report thai WASHINGTON -- Regardless o! the falsehood the Stntc Department and the White House put out over (he disastrous U-2 (light ov er Russia on the eve ol the Summit Conference, they arc nou t e l l i n g the absolute t r u t h regarc' ing the current slioot-down of r U. S. plane off the coast ol Ru. sia. It was not over Russian ter ritory. This writer can Pentagon officials have leaned over backward to ban all espionage f l i g h t s ' over R u s s i a since the U-2 disaster May first. At least twice, to this writer's certain knowledge, t h e i s s u e came up and was vetoed. Here are the cases: ]. It was proposed to the joint chiefs of stalf that U-2 flights be launched from airplane carriers. This would avoid getting any of our allies into trouble and risking retaliation against them, as threatened by Marshal Malinowsky. The proposal was ruled out first, because the U-J planes are too light to operate from carriers, anil second, because the photographs the planes would hring back weren't considered worth the political risk. 1. It was proposed to the joint chiefs of staff that better, higher-flying spy planes be built which could operate far above Russian detection. A g a i n (he proposal was turned down. It was decided to concentrate on recon- .·.nissance satellites instead. It has been no secret cither to he Russians or to the American public that U. S. reconaissanct: flights have taken place off the Russian ar.d Siberian coasts for ibaut 10 years. They are made by slow-flying plnnes, easy to shoot down, and instructed to stay well outside Russian territorial waters. They carry long-range electronic equipment and apparatus for picking up rr.dioactive dust to see if any atomic bombs have been tested in the area. When I was iri Alaska two years ago, I reported t h a t these flights take place almost daily along the Alaskan-Siberian boundary, with Russian planes flying on the opposite side. Whenever an American plane is launched, the Rusiians see it on the radar screen and launch a plant simultaneously to m««t it, sometimes fly alongside It--though a iafe distance is kept between the (wo. Both the Russians and the V. S. Air Force monitor each other's conversations deily, and once when Eskimos on b!g *nd tit- tle Dlomedo tclindi were 9uff«r- ing from starvation and an Air Fores plans went out on a food drop, the Russians refrained from any protest or attack, even though Ihs plane (lew over Ru«- sian territory. They had picked up conversations regarding the Might ami know it was on a mission of mercy. The fact that »n American plane was down over the Arclic M miles o(( the coast indicates to Weitern diplomats thst the Kremlin has decided to make an issue of these flights--whether over Russian soil or not. It's considered a part of the I n t e n s i f i e d cold war Khrushchev Is waging on every front. Note-- It's reasonbly easy to get any captured pilot of any country to confess whatever the captors want him to confess. GOP Dossier On Kennedys The Republican National Committee has been quietly collecting evidence regarding Bobby Kennedy and his possible use of the Senate Rackets Committee, of Which he was counsel, to influence delegates to vote for brother Jack for president. One Indiana delegate in Lcs Angeles was Mayor Walter M. Jcorsc of East Chicago, (he top political power In gambling-ridden Lake County, Indiana. He Is tlrong for Senator Kennedy. Young Bobby and Mayor Jeorse crossed paths last year during the Senate Rackets Committees Investigation of plnball operations in East Chicago, As Chief Counsel, Bob!y tried to link the roly-poly cigar-chewing mayor in tht pinball interests, discovered he had received ex- p«nslve Christmas presents from the Lakeside Novelty Company which operate] plnball machines. Jeorse was asked to appear before the Rackets Committee in Washington. He sat in the audience throughout tho hearings, conferred privately with Hobby Kennedy. But the East Chicago mayor never took the witness stand, and the invcsligaton into his pinball connections was drop- rvcd. A couple 1 of months later, he became the first Democratic county chairman of Indiana to declare for Kennedy and delivered an overwhelming Democratic vote for Kennedy in the Indiana primary. The mayor wearing a big Kennedy button, also showed up at the Democratic Convention where he has been backalap- ping and tuttonholding delegates for Kennedy. He admitted to this column that he had been "invited" to testify before the rackets committee about his Christmas gifts and that he had talked privately with Bobby Kennedy in Washington. But Jeorse denied that young Kennedy had dropped the investigation of him in return for support of brother Jack. Asked why he was campaigning for the brother of the man who had investigated him, Jeorte flashed a political grin ant) confided: "Because there arc a lot of Catholics in Lake County." Meanwhile, the Republicans for several weeks have been putting together a dossier on the curiaui relationship between Jorse and the Kennedys. The file is now located in the desk of Millie Phillips at the OOP National Committee, ready for use in the coming campaign. Buller-Foky Bitterness tt ). no secret that Chairman Paul Butter, who has I a r V « d longer as head of the Democratic National Committee than any other man, ended up hit political euttt la in ttmotgberi of bitterness. It w,.s not known, however, how the harassed and flustered Butler crossed up one of his best friends and most devoted money-raisers for the Democratic party-Ed Foley. Truman's under Secretary of the Treasury. Foley is president of the "750 Club," membership in which requires the contribution of $1,000 to pay off the Democratic campaign debt for 1056. Even as the Democratic parly prepares for the big IMSO Presidential campaign, it has a debt hangover from 1358. However, Kd Foley has done a valiant job of money-raising, and to make contributions easier, promised a convention ticket to each member ol the "750 Club." Last week, well before the convention started, he prepared letters to every member, enclosing his ticket. A couple of days passed. The letters with encl.s- ed tickets were not mailed. Foley learned they ware on Paul Butler's desk. He asked for action, got none. He soon learned that Butler was handing out lha tickets, getting no receipt. Finally 48 hours before the convention opening, Foley elbowed his way into Butler's office, found the chairman sr-TOunded by tickets and general confusion. "1 am taking the '750 Club 1 tickets, Paul," said Foley firmly. "I am taking them physically." "Please give m« a little more time," begged the chairman. "I am taking the ISO Club 1 tickets," Foiey repeated and walked out,

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