HOODING CAUTEK JOHN T. G I H S O N Edjlor mi Publliher General Manager Greenville, Miss., FridayTjuIy" 15, I960 Were It left to me to decide whether Â»vc 'should linvo n vovcriinic'nt wilhuiit newspapers or newspapers Uflllmiil govern- inciil, I should not lieslttile n moment to prefer tlie Intler. --Tliomns Jefferson A Time For Examination J UR first reaction after the nomination of Sen. J o h n Kennedy as (he Democratic candidate for president is to sit on our hands, Aside from the obvious question of just what lie Intends te do in relation to the South, there are several unanswered questions raised by his candidacy. The question of his religion is not one of them as fnr as we are concerned. Religious belief is not one of our tests for public office. But we would like to know more about Kennedy the man, as opposed to Kennedy tiie well-packaged product. In a way we feel the same way about Sen. Kennedy, at this point, as we do about Vice President Richard Nixon, his obvious Republican opponent. Both on the surface nre coldly efficient young men 1 whose personal ambition is matched by their skill at attaining their ends. Both have managed to be on two sides of many political fences in the course of their climb to the top. Both arc undoubtedly capable, intelligent politicians of the new school. But the Individual Kennedy, and the Individual Nlx- Illusion Dispelled |N 1956 former Gov. J. P. Cole- I man, by dint of soft talk and smooth work, was able to weld a Southern unit at the Democratic Convention which succeeded in effectively watering down a strong civil rights plank. For three years thereafter Mississippi under his leadership attempted, with some success, to persuade the rest of the nation that we are reasonable, ' fair-minded people, that we aro not a state dominated by demagogues, and that we are living politically and economically in the 28th century. .... . . . . . . . Mississippi apparently can't stand, success. If anyone had acquired such an impression of us, it was dispelled at the 19CO Democratic Convention by'the 'nationwide appearance of two of our leading exponents of the Phog- bound philosophy. Gravel-voiced Gov. Ross Barnelt; by virtue of some Mississippi-stump 'oratory, managed to cover with the mantle of Southern reaction the South's logical'and legal'opposition to : the radical civil rights plank as advanced by an astute young Georgia Â· attorney. Although to our recollection it was the first public speech the Governor has ever given with T out slurring the word Negro, he was still able to leave the obvious message that Mississippi's opposition to civil rights legislation was on racist grounds. The next night Circuit Judge Tom (Black Monday) Brady, 'theologian for the white supremacists, nominated Gov. Barnelt for president, proclaiming him the savior on, both now hidden behind the public facade, are the men we would like to know more of before casting our ballot. For this will be no debating arena they arc entering when one is elected president. This Is no situation where political Infighting and smooth management of public relations will have any bearing on the outcome. The Soviet Union does not play by the rules of the political game In the United States, and there is far more at slake than temporary a d v a n t a g e for one political parly or one party leader. This is also no time for playing games with a third party or uncommitted electors. One of the men nominated by the two major political parlies is going to be elected president. It now behooves every American to examine carefully the past record and coming performance of the Democratic and Republican standard bearers, and then to cast his ballot. In the great battle being fought In the world today, the United States may not have a chance to repair the damage done by electing the wrong man as president. of America, Mercifully he ran out of time before he could finish the last four or five page of his prepared address, but the damage was already done. He won no friends for Mississippi or the South, but the judge got in his licks for the Governor during his embarrassingly overlong harangue. 1 ! Judge Brady HI turn .described jGov. B a r n e t t as the friend of teachers nnd education, a man with no vengeance in his heart and divinely inspired -- as well as' a staunch segregationist and a supporter of the Constitution. This doubtless came as news to underpaid Mississippi s c h o o l teachers and the textbook rating committees, the victims of pillage and patronage in virtually every state agency, and to the belengured Mississippi Methodist Church. Â· By'the end of the second Mississippi appearance the impression had been indelibly left on millions of the nation's television screens. Even as Judge Brady thumbed reluctantly through' those pages of his speech he didn't have a.chance to read, Americans everywhere were concluding that the ultra- liberals' caricature'of Mississippi Is true. And the $20,000 in tax f u n d s recently given the Citizens- Council Forum won't be a drop in the bucket toward persuading them otherwise, even if it were put into the hands of responsible public relations people.-Money can't buy Â·that kind of publicity -- or undo it. First Priority: Restore Order r HERE is only one priority of business in the Congo today: restore order. Since the United Nations in this instance is uniquely qualified to do the job, the' people the world over should be relieved that the Security Council for once was able to agree on a course of action. Anarchy in Africa would benefit only the Soviet Union. A United Nations force is far better than sending U. S. troops -as requested by the Congolese, government -- on a- number of grounds. The most .apparent one is that unilateral action on ovir part would pave the way for charges of "imperialism" by the' Communist propaganda apparatus. It would matter little that the charges were groundless. American troops would be on the scene, and we would be solely responsible for whatever happened. Our enemies would see to it that embarrassing incidents eccured. A United Nations force Is also wise for another reason. It is time that the rest of the free world began assuming a greater share of the heavy task of assuring stability and economic development in the underdeveloped and newly- freed countries. Fifteen years have passed since World War II, and we are no longer the only force capable of carrying all the burden. Whatever expedient is used, some kind of external control or guidance is going to be necessary for some time to come in the Congo. While we have indicated before our belief that independence came too soon in t h a t country, that bridge has already hreti crossed. The chaotic situation exists, and for the sake of Africa's future and our own, it must be resolved. That will take time and intelligent action. But for now, the important thing to do is to curb the growing anarch}'. The Delta Democrat-Times This newspaper welcomes letters !o the editor to be published so long as they remain w i t h i n the boundaries of decency and libel laws. The name of Ihe sender may be withheld on request, but all ruch letters must be signed and return addresses given if Ihej are to be considered for publication. Published every afternoon (except Saturday) and Sunday by: The Times Publishing Co., Inc., 201 Main St., Greenville, Miss. Subscription Rates Delivery by carrier 35c per week. M a i l subscriptions payable in advance (o subscriber? living in Washington and adjoining counties not served by dealers and carriers. $12.00 per v c a r . -x nion'hs. $6.50. Ily mail n!| other areas within United Stales: One year 515.00; 6 months JS.OO; one rrmt/i $1 SO. Nuice To Public The fV'u DrrrocraM1r.fi tyn no: intentionally m i s i n t e r p r e t jny individual thing Of--:; ::.ivi v..l! KÂ» chc-. ;Â·*.Â·Â·!.Â· rv? of any erroneous s!aterr ; eni rolled to our attciilinn. TK' Asr.c i::j p.-i-.j i.-,i I*', vd Press are exclusively entitled I" use for rcmilil-ration d a i l lc r : . ; Â£ Â·"Â·:-'dr_i '.:d'.:--4 to t h r m or ml otherwise cre;liltd in this newspaper AH i.-'Â·Â·Â·. Â·'. Â·:-.;Â· ,Â·Â·;. ,:,.. !,..- -i are alro reserved. En;rrV Â·Â·. "---.a; t'J.:-v tr.t:tt; at Ihe Post Office at Greenville, M i s s , mirier Act oi MÂ»r\-h (., ii.'i. Marlow Says Kennedy's Pick Of Johnson Is Understandable By JAMES MARLOW Associated Press News Analyst LOS ANGELES (AP) - The Democratic ticket of Sen. John F. Kennedy for president and Sen, Lyndon B. Johnson for vice president fries a couple of kinds o! fish, political and personal. For years Johnson, 51, has shown signs of aching for the presidential nomination. Therefore, seeing it go this week to Kennedy, eight years his junior, must have been a shattering blow. The fact that Johnson, at Kennedy's request, would accept the No. 2 spot on the ticket looks bewildering nt first glance. It makes sense when you lift the lid on thlÂ« strange political pot tnd look inside. Has Powerful Job Johnson, as Senate leader of the Democrats, for years has had one of the most important and pcwerful jobs in the country. What he wanted was the moat powerful job of all, the presidency. Compared with cither one of Iliem, the vice presidency is a shadowy situation. A vice president traditionally simply presides over the Senate, votes only lo break tie votes on the floor, and runs errands for the president. Johnson, wlwse Senate term is up this year, without question could be re-elected by Texas and retain his Senate leadership. He still is expected to run for the Senate as well as the vice presidency. Touchy Year But this happns to be a touchy year in the national political scene. The South, as it showed at the Democratic convention, was restive ami balky over the very liberal civil rights platform plan shoved down its throat by the rest of the convention delegates. There was a good chance the South in next November's elections would be a lot less t h a n , wholehearted in its support of the Democratic ticket headed by Kennedy. By getting Johnson to run with him, Kennedy went a long way toward pacifying the South, which is where Johnson had his main backing in his unsuccessful bid for the presidential nomination. So from a political standpoint it makes sense to put Johnson on the ticket ns Kennedy's running mate. A Personal Element But there's a personal element in this. Washington newsmen who have dealt with Johnson for years know he has a gigantic ego. This is precisely why Kennedy's victory over him must have cut the Texan deeply. . It would hardly seem sensible for a man, dressed in (he tremendous robes of power worn by a Senate leader, to give up that jnb for the comparatively less influential post of vice president. But Johnson, who has talked wilh newsmen at great length about the nice things said of him over the years, could feel particularly honored if the voters chose him for a job just one heartbeat away from the presidency. Tremendous Manipulator There is more. Johnson, a tremendous manipulator of men, could use the vice presidency in a way not attempted by others who have held that job. He could try to hold the reins of power in the Senate even though someone else succeeded lo his present tille as Democratic leader. That's one point. As vice president he would not only sit in the president's Cabinet but also be a member of the National Security Council, the most influential and powerful single group in the executive branch of the government. Thus Johnson, as vice president, could Ix; a powerlwuse in both the legislative a n d executive branches of the government to a degree never before attempted, even by Vice President Richard M. N'ixon. Knowing Johnson, it seems correct to say that while he has been denied a chance at the most pow- e r f u l single position in the country, the presidency, he would use ihe vice presidency in such a way that he would be indisputably Ihe second most powerful man. Two-Edged Appeal There is one other consideration in all this. A Kennedy-Johnson ticket will have a two-edged appeal lo voters next November. Liberals and intellectuals, labor and Negroes, will be able to support a ticket headed by Kennedy. Conservatives can feel t h a t the conservative J o h n son, even ihough he has a fairly liberal record himself, will be a restraining force w i t h i n Ihe government if the Drrr.ocrats win. Add all (he pieces together, and : ;'s q.-'r'cV unrlersiandable why Kc-n:,c:;v askcrl Johnson lo be his a:.i: !I.T ui.iJc. \vhy Johr.son so q : ; r'".ly ;"cce-'crt, and why the co;ivei,;ioii so quickly approved. "Aiitl Now The News From Moscow, Havana, Africa, Asia, Newport..." Brodie Crump's Mostly Old Stuff Today In National Affairs Demo Convention Didn't Reflect The People's Will By DAVID LAWRENCE LOS ANGELES - Senator John F. K e n n e d y has taken the plunge--he has heartily endorsed the most radical divisive platform the Democrats have ever adopted. It means the loss of electoral v o t e s i n t h e South, but the M a s s achusctts senator is confident of offsetting this w i t h v o t e s i n t h e Northern states. This convention has come to a sad climax. It didn't nominate Adlai Stevenson. Ihe true disciple of new dealism and so-called "liberalism." It didn't nominate Lyndon Johnson, the apostle of safe and sane liberalism. It gave no thought really, as a convention, to any basic principles, but obeyed the dictates of a small clique, hand-picked by Senator Kennedy, to write the platform and steamroller the convention. Nothing could have been more discouraging to the American people to watch than the real spectacle of what has been going on inside the convention. They couldn't, of course, see this on the television screen. But the indifference of the delegates--the bored look, for instance, on the faces of many of them as vital principles of public policy were being presented in the majority report of the Platform Committee --was very revealing, ft told a story of the utter failure of the convention system to reflect the wishes of the people on the issues of the day. Senator Kennedy's nomination was a foregone conclusion long Drew Pearson's before (his convention assembled. Tills writer observed the signs many months ago as he learned of tlie efficiently political way the Kennedy apparatus--well-financed and well-organized--wns selecting delegates and using local influences on the political front to make all kinds of promises to win delegate support. This is not the m a n n e r in which the American people should be choosing their presidential candidates. A platform, for instance, is supposed to be an expression of party thought. Yet, aj the chairman was reading the ponderous phrases, the delegates were busy talking among themselves ur moving around the convention floor. Frank Sinatra, the movie star, came along and began shaking hands with some California delegates as the ever-present photographers gathered around him. The celebritiea of the Hollywood stage were very much in evidence. Sideshows seemed to interest the delegates more than the main tent, with its debate on the party platform. When the Southern leaders got to the rostrum to express their dissent on the "civil rights" plank, there was a slight p:ck-up of interest. The galleries booed the Southerners as their leaders tried to tell the convention that they may be making it hard for the Demcralic national ticket to carry the South this time. Team of Objectors Senator Hrvin of North Carolina, formerly a Justice of the Stale Supreme Court, told the delegates that to adopt the majority's plank was to run counter to what a majority of the Ssnate, including a majority of the Democrats, had three times voted down in lha last few years. James Gray of Georgia, Governors Mailings of South Carolina, Barnett of Mississippi and Almond of Virginia, and Senator Holland of Florida made eloquent speeches. They were in dead earnest as t h e y pleaded with the delegates for dispassionate consideration. But nil this fell on deaf ears. The audience seemed cold and adamant. For the convention was being steamrollered on the party's platform just as on the selection of a candidate. There wasn't even a record vote. The Chairman took it for granted that, despite the loud shouts of the "noes," the "ayes" were a bit Iduder and that this meant a majority wanted to adopt the platform as presented by Chester Bowles, chairman of the Resolutions Committee. Incidentally, if any Democratic party speakers in the coming campaign refer disparagingly to "Madison Avenue technique," they can do so only with a sense of guilt. For Mr. Bowles dramatically used movie film, with pictures of Red Chinese and Russians, to illustrate a point in the platform -- how strong the enemy is getting to be. He displayed pictures, too. to emphasize points on "civil rights." It all added up to a show which interested the delegates a l i t t l e more than the platform phrases. But, all in all, it was a disappointing affair. What should have been a real debate on party policy was just a routine presentation. Maybe a national convention isn't the place for debate on serious subjects. But some day the American people will ask: A low summers back ore of our neighbor! unllmbered hit trust; twenty-two rifle and tlew forty- seven blue-Jays In reprisal for wanton trespass and voracious larceny in connection with his fig-crop. Such jays aÂ» were left took the hint and swore off figs for life, meanwhile muscling-in on Old Stuff's tomato-patch as though they knew he was either unarmed or too chicken-hearted to use a gun if he had had one. Which bears out wrrat we've always contended, ie that ripe figs are a cultivated taste. Anyhow the tomatoes, both green and ripe, must meet the blue-jays vitamin-deficiency for he's at them again this year. And in our search for counteraction short of a shooting-war, we turned to Eliza at our friend Rudy Jacob's pastry-shop. Eliza said that what we needed was a scare-crow in our garden, and told us how to make one and set it up in business. Back home we found ourself a little short of material with which to fashion a scare-crow, but we lowered the "ArmBtrong'gap" and walked into tire little garden to decide just where we'd put the scarecrow if indeed we made one. As we stood there, sizing up the situation, a blue-jay lit on a tomato-stake and practically brushed our right ear as he was making his landing. A companion jay swooped down, ensconced himself upon another slake, and both he and his buddy were soon pecking away nt the luckms tomatoes. Our presence deterred t h e i r feasting not even a little bit, yet we must have matched most anybody's scarecrow in general appearance. And occasionally those blue-coated bummers paused in pecking to cock an evil eye at Old Stuff, as though demanding did he want to make anything of ill Dove suggests netting the to- nmto-plantj, Ilka her grandfather EskrlggÂ« did hit apple-tree* in the old country (foi 1 the benefit of late tuners-in, this wÂ«l Marplc, in Cheshire, England). She remember* that Sir John always ordered that one tree be left un-netted, to the birds might have frtsh fruit in teason. Do any of our readers havÂ» any tree-nets lying around Idle? If so, we might borrow as many Â»s five for next year's tomato- crop. And Iwre lies one of gardening's almost hidden charms, namely the hope of something better for the future. And as long as there's hope there's also incentive. Out in the country, our neighbor Mr. D. P. Knotts has pitched a pumpkin-crop in his daughter Maurine's and the latler's husband Clarence Floyd's side-yard, and tho vines are really running up a storm, which little pun Veins already taking shape throughout the very den so growth. Meanwhile the squash-vines, almost identical in appearance to the pumpkin-vines, have succumbed to the sucking-bugs while the punkins go scot-free. And Mrs. Knotts tells us she doesn't even own a recipe for pumpkin-piel Senator John Kennedy won tho Democratic presidential nomination (and here's a vote for him in November) to prove that old saying about the early-bird get- ling the worm. For Jack announced his intentions to run, as far back as four years ago, and has been running hard ever since, while self-styled maturer, better- fitted and more experienced aspirants played coy or hard-lo-get. And don't you know that the gentleman from Texas was sorry, as of yesterday morning, about losing his temper only after his cause was lost? For affability has been his long-suit, and adaptability his stock in trade. BC Bennett Cerf's Try And Stop Me A visiting oriental encountered considerable difficulty translating some American maxims into his native Japanese, but "Out of sight, out of mind," gave him no trouble at all. "This means," he jotted in his notebook, "The idiot is unseen.' 1 takes the padding out of his shoulders and puts it on his cxpensa account. "In America," Robert Benchley like to point out, "there are two classes of travel--first class and with children." J u s t before his death, notes Hel- cn Ferril, the operator of a big filtering plant willed his brain to a scientist. The scientist was sad to hear of the man's death but overjoyed to get his brain. After all, it was the scientist's first chance to see a filtering man's thinker. John Drewry defines a Madison Avenue executive as one who OUT OF SIGHT, OUT OF MIND. Why hold a convention if it isn't to articulate the wishes of the voter? Why talk about "civil rights" when a platform is adopted that would deprive people on every side of their civil rights in the field of employment and private-school education? As one apologist who spoke for the majority report put it, a platform is only a "blueprint" and it is "only for four years." But Senator Kennedy now has endorsed it. Does that mean he will work to carry it out. or will he see its pitfalls and evade what the platform proposes? It so, it will be added proof that it is permissible to promise everything at a national convention and. when elected to give little. Thus does a convention nominate a candidate the party really doesn't prefer to the other possible choices, and thus does a convention adopt a platform which pledges the party to do everything better than the predecessor administration did, but never indicates ho\v. The platform and the nominee, in effect, promise perfection. That's what makes party politics today the essence of hypocrisy. Lyndon, Sam May Hold Grudge On Kennedy LOS ANGELES -- A most important question to watch as an aftermath of the Democratic conclave here is whether the current backstage bitterness will affect the stack of unpassed bills waiting in the legislative hopper back in Washington. The Minimum Wage Bill medical aid to the aged, a billion- el o 1 1 a r bill for s c h o o l s a n d taechers' salaries all await passage. And the two k e y m e n who can control t h e i r passage are the gentlemen from Texas who were unmercifully whipped in almost every move made at this convention. Speaker Sam Rayburn. behind- the-scenes campaign manager for Lyndon Johnson, is 78 years old and has been in Congress 47 ' years. He was whipped by a young upstart campaign manager for Senator Kennedy, Bobby Kennedy, who has never even run for office. Senator Johnson is 52 years old. has been in national politics, cither elective or appointive, for 25 years and has ruled the Senate for 10 years, fie W.TS niilroan- cuvercd at every t u r n by a voting senator frc::i Mnnr.c AS- CIIs who had been in p'.iMic l i f e only 14 years. Rayburn a n d J o h n s o n a r e proud men. They are also sensitive. Underneath their smiles and affable handshakes lurk blazing tempers. Will they go back to Washington to pass the legislation t h a t will enhance the chances of the two young brothers who rubjed their political noses in the dirt? In public statements they will. They will clasp hands and vow unity. But public pronouncements and legislative production are two different things especially when some of the key legislation faces bitte Republican opposition and probable White House veto. There's another factor which few people know about. George Meany, powerful AFI.-CIO president, undercut Johnson in the backstage huddles in the hotel rooms of Los Angeles. In Washington, Johnson had worked closely with Meany in regard lo the labor legislation. Meany's Capitol Hill Lobbyist, Andy Biemiller. was in and out of Johnson's'of- fice like n shu'.tleccck d u r i n g the I.andrum - G r i f f i n tabor Bill f i g h t . But the AFL-CIO secretly threw its weijht against Johnson in Los Angeles even for (he jco of vice president. J u M throe wc?!;s from nnw op- .Â·r.V.: :r.r rfii-e iii '.'/.Â·" 'Â·Â·Â«-;r!n TK tv.-o I T - ; t!-e AF! -CiO w a t i i s ;-.".v;l r.-o Â· .--Â· Â·Â·' : - : --u-n \vrÂ«- cs and medical aid :or the ajcrd. Johnson and Rayburn will largely control the fate of these bills. Bobbies at Odds The two Bobbies bumped into each other in the lobby of the Biltmore Hotel the other day -Bobby Kennedy, the tough, shrewd operator behind his brother's campaign, and Bobby Baker, smiling. equally shrewd South Carolinian who is Senate Assistant to Lyndon Johnson. Bobby Baker invited Bobby Kennedy to have breakfast with him. As the breakfast ncared its end. Bobby Baker said to Bobby Kennedy: "You know, Bobby, L y n d o n doesn't mind any of these things you've been doing to him a nd saying about him except for just one thing. "He couldn't quite forgive that story that was put out in Dallas, Houston and Austin just before the Democratic Texas Convention that Lyndon Johnson had just died of a heart attack. The Houston Post got 3.000 phone calls in oic day, and Lyndon just didn't 'hink t h a t was quite cricket." "You don't mean to say you think we would do a thing like that," remonslralcd Bobby Kennedy. "When that story crops out in the three biggest cities of Texas en exactly the same day, one day before the Texas convention and your brother Teddy is in Texas," replied Baker, " w h a t do you expect us to think?" Bobby Kennedy slammed two dollars on the table to pay for his share of the breakfast and walked out. So, despite the smiling poses for the cameramen, a lot of deep wounds will have to be healed among the candidates. Behind The Start The man who supplied most of the movie stars for the dazzling parties that were thrown for the Democratic bigwigs in Los Angeles was Jules Stein, who started out as a Chicago optician but gave up eye-doctoring for the band-booking business. He now runs the largest talent agency In the world, Music Corporation of America, which supplies NBC with most of Its packaged TV shows. Stein collected the cream of the movie colony for his own Sunday-night dinner to promote the political career of his son-in-law, William Van Den Heuvel. who is running for Congress in New York. Such stars as Bob Hope, Jack Benny, Henry Fonda an d Danny Kaye turned up to help Stein put his son-in-law across with leading Democrats.. Convention Footnotes Seen and heard around convention lobbies: Philip Willkic, son of the GOP candidate who staged the greatest blitz of all time, wearing Nixon bottom and sipp- ing coffee in Symington headquarters. Young Willkie is running for Indiana Superintendent of Schools on the Republican ticket, couldn't miss the Democratic jamboree. . . Old Joe Kennedy and Congressman John McCormack of Boston urged that Jack Kennedy take Lyndon Johnson as h is vice-presidential running male. . . Inside the New York caucus. Dr. Raymond Jones, prominent Negro physician, voted against Kennedy for Johnson. The Harlem vote is reported by no means solid for Kennedy. Chairman Paul Butler lost three of his staff, including his private secretary during the convention. They couldn't take it. Col, Tom Parker, who manages rock- n'-roll singer Elvis Presley, wandered among the Democratic delegates handing out Lyndon Johnson buttons . . . in a private memo to national committee members, Chairman Butler included this word on political payola: 'A brand new General Motors automobile, white in color, bearing a dccal for the convention and your name and state, will be assigned lo each member of the national committee. A driver thoroughly acquainted ^-ith the Los Angeles area will be assigned with the car, and the driver will be available to the member to whom he is assigned for the duration."
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