THELAWTON CONSTITUTION, Thursday, August 22,1963 outh Viet Nam Perfect Example Of Big U.S. Problem By JAMBS' SIAKLOW Associated Press News Analyst Â·WASHINGTON (AP) -- South let Nam is the perfect example j this country's dilemma in try- j to deal with a dictatorship in j backward country which it lipes lo keep out of communism. iFor years the United States has Impered, placated and pacified! |uth Viet Nam's dictator Presi-1 nt Ngo Dinh Diem while ho I brred against the Communist! lierrillas of North Viet Nam. This ' has been true since he took over in 1955. Yet, in those years lie couldn't have lasted without American help or perhaps even escaped alive. But the United States was afraid to antagonize him. It felt it knew ol no other leader who could rally the South Vietnamese against the Reds. Now suddenly the United States RGIS lough. It has condemned his onslaught against the Vietnamese Buddhists who make up TO per cent of the 14.5 million .people. Some - ' o f Diem's generals .are Buddhists.. So are some members of the so- called Assembly. Diem, rules by decree, . . Â· . ' . He and his family--his brothers and his powerful sister-in-law, Mrs. Ngo Dinh Nhu, are Â· his closest advisers--run Â· the country. All are Roman Catholics. Vietnamese democracy lias been called "Diemocracy." Diem denies the Buddhists' charges of religious persecution: Five of them have burned 1 them- selves to death in protest. Mrs; Nhu calls them fanatics' and says she would clap hands il 30 monks barbecued themselves. The United States, is again mb ; livaled by fear in criticizing Diem's treatment of the Buddhists: fear that his tactics will lose him support among the people and jeopardize Lhe whole war against communism. Where this new toughness will lead, or how long it will last, is unpredictable. Bui if Ihe United Slates Had "been 1 tougher with Diem long ago, Viet Nam might [ now be a . better bulwark against communism: Put yourself.in- the position of the poor, illiterate Vietnamese masses with a short life expectancy because of disease and lack p of medical care. They have n o t ! known much about freedom, ex-! cept perhaps freedom (6 die, and Â·nothing at all about democracj' or communism. This ignorance about the isms explains the peasants' great lack i of interest in the war. If you were ' a peasant and had to make a choice between the iwo, you'd pick the one that promised the most for you and your family. To be persuasive, the Diem government would have to give tangible evidence, in reforms and programs, of what being on the non-Communist side could mean. Diem has given the people few reforms or programs. The American government has done extremely little talking about them, either. Diem, an aristocrat, has been mainly concerned with fighting the guerrillas and keeping power. He has a secret, police to help him ] keep it. Mrs. Nhu said frankly not Jong ago her family has money and wants power. Tince Diem took over eight years ago this country has put over S2.5 billion into Viet Nam. It has more than 12.000 troops there, a number of whom have been killed. That war, which now has no end in sight, might be going dif- ferently if the United States long ago had gotten tough with Diem and demanded he put in reforms and programs that would give the peasants a good reason for being non-Communist. This year four senators who visited Viei Nam returned and said in a report: "Present political practices in Viet Nam do not appear to be mobilizing the potential capacities for able and self-sacrificing leadership on a substantial scale. OODWILL CASH NIGHT igust 22-23-24 at Herb's Red Bud Food Centers--- ilden Ripe BANANAS Herb's Red Bud Stores Are Open Sunday for Your Shopping Convenience LOW LOW PRICES -Plus-Gold Bond Stamps at Herb's Red Bud Â«* Peaches Nectarines Carrots Potatoes California Exfra Fancy Rio Ora Truly Delicious Eating Fruit Cello Pack All Purpose Red 19 2 * 19 10 Paper Tablet Frosty Acrct Assorted Dinners Frosty Acres 2 89' 8 ?Â£ 59 ( Colonial Brand--Cut Corn, Peas, FF Potatoes, Baby Limas, Leaf Spincch Vegetables 10 99 Lemonade Hash Brown Potatoes Ore. Ida. / Â£Â£ Lf for RI ^ f ] IIIT ^ Frosty Acres -- Sweet or Buttennilk Dairy Fresh American or Pimicnto Royal Scot Sliced Cheese 2 ^ 59 e Margarine 8 $ 1Â°Â° Â«i* FOUR CONVENIENT LOCATIONS TO SERVE YOU HERB'S RED BUD FOOD CENTERS 13th and Lee BM. Ft. Sill Blvd. at Cache Road . : Cache Rood Square Sheridan Rood at .Cache Road- ; 1C" AÂ» i* jy J Qold.Bond Â· '
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