EDITORIALS OF .-.Li-tils. OFJFKCIE; B?lia Page Â·) Greenville, Miss., Sunday,_May_30 L 1955_ Were it left to me to decide whether we should have a government without newspapers or newspapers without government, 1 should not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter. --Thomas Jefferson Mature Transition The city can be proud of the calm, orderly way in which the first phase of the planned desegregation of the public schools was accomplished Friday and Saturday. All citizens cooperated in making this historic transition a peaceful exercise in good citizenship. Obviously the smoothness of the registration did not happen hy accident. Intensive pre-planning by school officials and the police department was responsible for the efficient accomplishment of what could have been a difficult task. We expect there will be equally able handling of the situation during the first few days of school next September. Again Greenville has made history, the kind of history which makes pleasant rather than unpleasant reading. We have met another challenge with m a t u r i t y , and, while there are many Negroes and whites who are not pleased by what has transpired--for vastly different reasons, of course--few could argue with the way everything was handled. This is a lime of transition, the passing of an old order and the establishment of a new one. Our ability to absorb change will be taxed again and again, but if we will but respond in the f u t u r e as we have in the past, we need not fear the future. Welcome News The announcement that Allen Manufacturing Company intends to locate its farm implement products plant here in the immediate future make the kind of reading all residents of this area can enjoy. This, coupled with Mid-Stales Metal Products Company's intention to expand its existing operation means thai within months there will be around 100 more industrial jobs open to local workers. If all works out as both companies hope, there will be a total of 180 new jobs at both plants within a year. That's exactly what our economy needs, and more like it. The crying desperate need is for more jobs for all our people, white and Negro. The mechanical revolution on the farms is proceeding at an even faster pace, while our industrial development has been lagging- * * * IN THAT regard, WE hope the Industrial Foundation decides to adopt a proposal suggested by Greenville businessman J a k e Stein that it launch an aggressive industry hunt, of a kind not seen hero in several years. In such a hunt we trust the major consideration will be the needs of the total community and not any antiquated notions about restrictions no longer applicable to the local situation. The manpower t r a i n i n g program to bo initiated this summer at the old Greenville Air Force Base will go a long way toward supplying the trained labor so needed by existing industries -- and the training so badly needed by people in this area to make them employable. This, despite all the inducements which we could offer in tax advantages and the like, has been one of our biggest handicaps in attracting new industry. When industry looked, it could not see any readily available labor capable of manning its more refined operations. But this is a digression from our welcome io Allen Manufacturing Company and our happiness about Mid-States expansion. These are birds in the hand which w i l l help everyone even while we are beating the bushes for more. Vengeful Retaliation In Bogalusa The "never-nevers" in Bogalusa are attempting to prove that a realistic approach to what more and more Southerners have come to accept as the law of the land is political suicide. The hard-liners said last week that they have collected more than 2,800 signatures on a petition for a new election to boot Mayor Jesse Cutrer out of office. And this man's crime? He announced that he intends to have repealed all segregation ordinances in Bogalusa. Â» * * THOSE segregation ordinances are clearly at variance with the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and in making his pronouncement--which very obviously surprised Negroes in Bogalusa -- Cutrer said he is simply in favor of compliance with the law, distasteful though it may be. The "never-nevers" think otherwise. To them, the law is secondary. Like some civil rights leaders who claim moral infallibility and hence superiority over the law, these men believe that Jesse Cutrer has sold them out -- because he believes in m a i n t a i n i n g the law. And what have been Cutrer's pronouncements on this subject? He said, "1 have taken an oath as a public official to uphold all laws of this nation, state and city and I intend to carry out my obligation lo the best of my ability." "If we are to survive," he added, "we have to uphold laws -those we like and those we dislike. We have to maintain law and order and cannot give in to those who would have it otherwise." What a wild-eyed radical this man must be. * * * PRIDE and bitterness may well supply the ingredients to force him out of office. Under Louisiana lav/ 25 per cent of the registered voters at the last regular election may petition for a new election, the date of which Gov. John McKeithen must set. If, as the die-hards claim, there are now 2,800 signatures on that petition, it seems likely they've got enough signatures tn get their election. And if they manage to elect the candidate of their choice, who probably will come from the mold t h a t should have been broken whon Barnett was made, Bogalusa will have planted a crop guaranteed to bear bitter f r u i t . Watch Those Kids! School speed limits (you know, 15 mph when children are present) got a rest as thousands of Greenville children forsake for three months the schools. Unfortunately for drivers, those children present a far greater traffic hazard when not in the w e l l marked school traffic areas. And, for the next three months, toddlers through teens are going to be in the streets of our city and in ever- present danger. Obviously children at play signs cannot be posted wherever the youngsters congregate. We can on- Letters-To-The-Editor Reader Backs Police Arrest Action To The Editor: In Greenville we have a good, honest, hard-working police department. They go to any lengths cheerfully and dutifully to enforce ihc law and to protect the peace, trar.quility and properly of our citizenry, white and Negro. No sane, fair minded person could honestly accuse our city Judge (Earl) Solomon of discrimination because of race. I know nothing of the events of the Negro charged with assaulting an oflicer except what I read in your paper. But the officer was treated for a split lip and the arrested person got away from him and hid. The arrested person had a police record. This justified police using strong means to carry him in. Â· * * TOO often when police h a v e trouble with a Negro, all ihe "rights" organizations y e l l , "Discrimination and police b r u - talily." Negroes now have first class citizenship and they must face up lo the duties and penalties of thai citizenship. One of those du- lies is to keep the law and when apprehended hy an officer of the law to go with him in a peaceful, decent manner. T h e arrested person will have his day in court and will receive fair treatment at the hands of our city judge. All offenders do. Too m a n y Negroes think lie- cause of the publicity about Negro rights, they can break the law, rebel against law officers; cry "discrimination" and get away with it. This is untrue. Obedience to ihe law is a basic duly of a citizen. A policeman represents that law and law abiding citizens have no trouble with policemen. On every call, a policeman is putting his life on the line. He never knows when a crazy drunk or a criminal will attempt his murder. AN OFFICER of the law is killed in our nation every 20 minutes of the day. Obedience must be enforced if the law is (o be effective. The policeman's enforcement o! orders it not based on personal animosity or racial discrimination but upon his call of duty to protect each of us. Without enforcement, the law is worthless. Some time I think we need an organization for prevention of cruelly lo policemen. Their's is a hard job, a heavy responsibility and no', too much pay. All citizens of good will. Negro and while, let's stand behind our policemen. They give us exceptionally good coverage, not only in performance of their duly bul far beyond. Mrs. Ann Sullivan 527 W. C'Hea St. Greenville DD-T Front Page Comes Under Fire TO THE EDITOR: The front page of the Delta Democrat Times should be devoted to pertinent news to the Delta and the nation. The public is not interested in the varied shapes of highway signs, porpoises picke:ing the public teaches in Florida, or the difficulty one has in reading the directions on frozen food packages. These trile tid - bits, if they must be in the paper at all, should be used as fillers. The news in the paper should be arranged according to ils importance. The aforementioned, in this case, is assuredly not front - page news. Malcolm Graham Ayres Haxton Personal Selling At White House Helps Lyndon's Amazing Record veBBaneBBBMblW PIMM* WASHINGTON -The legislative record chalked up by the S9ih Congress so far is nothing short of phenomenal. Major bill after bill is clicking through commiltee, going up for a full vote, signed by the Speaker and Vice President, then shipped down lo Pennsylvania Avenue for the President's signature inlo law. Not since the early new deal days of FDR has Washington seen anything like it. During the first year LBJ was in office, he passed fifty-one of Kennedy's remaining b i l l s through the Senate and forty- seven through the House. This year he is finishing up the hangover bills and passing a lot more of his own. TO THE insider, (his ing legislative feat is amaz- accident. It results from I he skill. astute political knowledge and persuasive power io man ol the President, i-o man has sat in Ihe While House, rot even including ihe la'.e Franklin Roosevelt, since I have been in Washing- Ion, who has had greater finesse ar.d more know - hv.v in dealing w i t h Congress than Lyr.dcn B. Johnson. Sometimes, but not often, he gets irritated at his leaders. Mos? of the lime he gets what he wants through salesmanship. Lyndon does not call committee chairmen unless Sen. Mike MansfieM. D-Monl.. or Speaker John McCormack, D-Mass., ask him to. He doesn't like to go over Iheir heads to individual Sena t o r s and Congressmen with one or two exceptions like old friends, such as Jack BrooV.s cf Texas or Warren Magnuson of Seattle, who served in the House, the U. S. Navy, and in the Senate w i t h Lyndon. Part of the President's a m a z i n g l e g i s l a t i v e achieve - ment comes from a series of receptions ar.d dinners he has given for Congressmen. Tt has always been White House custom for the President to give one reception a year for members of Congress. In the days of Calvin Coolidge, Congressmen filed by, shook hands parfunclorily, were permitted to wander around the formal portions o! Ihe Whit* House, could partake of icewat- er in paper cups from Â» cooler _ but that was all. Roosevelt improved this formula by treating the Congressmen with sandwiches and coffee. The White House entertainment budge! is too slim to per- mil any further entertainment without going inlo the red. However, Johnson has changed all this. He has dipped into his own pockel lo pay for various dinners lasl year and ten Congressional dinners this year. This is one reason he had to borrow $100,000 to pay his income lax. These are not receptions where Ihe guests filo through and shake hands. These have been full scale dinners, costing around S2.000 each, following which Ihe ladies were conducted through the upstairs private portions of the While House while their husbands had a discussion meeting with the President where they could ask him questions, a r g u e with h i m, talk about any problem they wished. * * * HE HAS given (hem briefings on Souih Viet Nam. the curtail- menl of Veterans Hospitals, the Dominican Republic. Though Cabinet Members are present to answer detailed questions, the President likes to barge in with his personal comments. "I'll answer that one," he will say. Then, hitching his panls up above the waistline -- ihe President wears his pants low on ihe hips like a Texas cowboy -he will jump inlo (he discus- cussion. Explaining on one occasion the frequent changes of government in South Viet Nam. the President told about the Texas county lhai couldn't seem to keep a sheriff. There was loo much corruption, and each new sheriff was caught with his hand in the till. Corruption in Saigon, he implied wasn't much worse than in some Texas counties. "We h*vÂ« a lot of changes ot government In this country too," he drawled. When introducing Secretary of Stale Dean Ruak to amwcr questions on Viet Nam, thÂ» Pre. sident lometrmes twiti H* number one Cabinet officer. * * Â· "I DON'T know how D t a n Rusk can handle these foreign countries," he says. "He couldn't even carry Georgia In the last election." NOTE -- Alter the briefings there is dancing and the President, who is a good cheek Â· to check dancer, mokes it a point to whirl every Congressman's wife. One n a t i o n that President Johnson is determind to help keep on its feet is tiny South Korea, whose soldiers fought and died alongside our own to stop communist aggression a decade ago. South Korea has now sent more than 2.000 troops to help Americans, again to defend freedom in South Viet Nam. This is the reason President J o h n s o n overruled objec - tiorw from the State Department to keep a date at the White House wilh South Korea's lough little President Park. Since LBJ had claimed he was "too busy" to see India's Prime Minister Shastri and Pakistan's President Ayub Khar, the State Department argued that ha must also cancel Park's visit. * ' * * BUT THE President made it clear he wasn't too busy to sec a friend like Park. Though Park has been pic- lured in (his country as a military dictator, the truth is ih?.i he was elected by the little people of South Korea in a dramatically close election in October, 1963. An overwhelming 91 per cent of Ihe 12,935,015 eligble voters turned out at the polls. Park lost the city vote in Seoul by a three- to - one margin. But the peasants came through in the countryside to give him a narrow, 156,026-vote victory. Almanac By United Press International Today is Sunday. May 30, the 150th day of 1965 with 215 to follow. 'This is Memorial Day. The moon is new. The morning star is Saturn. The evening star is Mars. American actress and author Cornelia Otis Skinner was born on this day in 1901. On this day in history: In 1431, Joan of Arc, the Maid of Orleans was burned at the slake in Rouen, France, at the age ol 19. In 183, an unfounded report t h a t Ihe Brooklyn Bridge was about to collapse resulted in an outbreak of panic and 12 persons were trampled to death. A (hough! for the day: Poet Ralph Waldo Kmerson wrote: "A friend is a person with whom f may be sincere. Before him, I may think aloud." Klan $1 Million Damage Suit Is Boomeranged By Moderates CtaM M fabert WASHINGTON -- A million dollar damage suit filed by the bold and resurgent Ku Klux Klan is being turned inlo an anti- Klan boomerang by racial moderates in the South. Planning the boomerang s!ra- tegy behind the closed doors of their panelled offices in Birmingham, Ala., are some of the South's most prestigious lawyers. They also happen lo be bitter enemies of Gov. George Wallace, of the Klan, and of racial extremism. The suit for a cool million dollars in damages, alleged to have been incurred by the United KK K of America. Inc., last fall, was filed by Matt Murphy. Chief at^OH The American Intervention Was Justifiable William ly hope that the city's motorists will consider the entire city as a school t r a f f i c zone and will exercise the caution driving throughout the city that they pray is used by other motorists near their own children and grandchildren. Although college professors may claim for themselves the title of "world's most absent minded," all parents know that a child at play can forget more good safety practices than any one else. We only hope that motorists also realize this shortcoming of the youngsters. HOODING CARTER Editor and Publisher HOODING CARTER III JOHN T. GIBSON Associate Editor and Publisher General Manager It is tempting, but cowardly, to decline to write about Ihe situation in ihe Dominican Republic until the dust settles, to use R famous phrase. The trouble, of course, is that when the dust does settle, it is ofien the case that you are led lo write about hell on earth. We waited in China u n t i l Ihe dust settled, Iried in Cuba to u n s e t t l e the dust, but in both cases it proved too late. Or ralher, proved too late in terms of what we were prepared to sacrifice in order to depollute. The siiuation in Sanlo Domingo -- correct me if I am wrong -- is roughly as follows: 1) Bosch is the hero of the liberal left. Bosch, moreover, is an important popular force in the Dominican Republic as witness ihe smashing political triumph he won when he ran for office. The ensuing difficulties have something to do w i t h B o s c h ' s enormous personal weaknesses. His shrill ineffectiveness in recem weeks suggests en-en Ihe possibility of dysphasia. or senility. Call it what you will, but agree that he appears to be incompetent lo govern. THE STATE Department and the Pentagon appear to be a c t - ing at cross puiposes. On the one hand Ihe Pentagon worries moslly whether the Dominican Republic might evolve, under the leadership ol Bosch or one of his lieutenants, as another Castro Republic, On the other hand the S t a l e Department w o r r i e s mostly about ihe effect, under the aspect of world opinion, of hauling into power a junta whose general unpopularity would fortify the suspicion that Ihe Uniled Slates is concerned (o establish a puppet government. Thus the word goes around that Mr. Abe Kor- las, a left-leaning lawyer who is very close lo President Johnson is foremost among those who arguing the necessity of designating a Bosch - type as the next leader of the Dominican Republic. During the past period il appears as though Guzman, a former cabinet minisler of Bosch, is lo be given the principal responsibility for organizing a new government. If so, it remains to be seen whether Guzman can resist the pressure of the Communist elements that impinge upon the PRD (Bosch) movement: the MTD group (Peking), the PSTD (Moscow), and the 14th of June (Castro). If one draws back a lille from the chaos, the following questions appear to emerge. Is it possible to control the internal politics of a country that desires to go, in a hazy sort of way, left, but does not realize t h a t in choosing to go led, it may be placing its destiny in the hands of people who will carry it all the way left? Carry i! towards a Caslro lype dictatorship? Mr. Richard Revert, the elegant commentator of the liberals, who take everything in his stride except bursts of anti- Communist activity, commented a couple of years ago that it might very well prove a salutary thing that Castro had got hold of Cuba. Why? Because his example would cause all nations wilhin a wide radius of t h a t miasma to guard against the possibility that such a fale as Cuba's might be their own. * * * WE DO not need the example of Bosch's nubility to Communist penetration to prove Rovere wrong: but it helps. The Dominican Republic is about as close to Cuba as a nation tan be, and in fact the political left there has shown ilself remarkably innocent about the catastrophic consequences of admitting Communists inlo their movement. That is why President Johnson has kept the Marines in Santo Domingo. The United Slates hardly desires to accept the overhead of maintaining in power a government that doesn't have popular support. But our transcendent responsibility is to look to the day after tomorrow. Will a popular leader cede power -- involuntarily one supposes -- to the Communists? At such a point as lo make effective intercession by the American government That is why President Johnson has kept the Marines in Sanlo Domingo. The United States hardly desires to accept the overhead of maintaining in power a govern- mcni lhat doesn't have popular support. But our transcendent responsibility is to look to the day after tomorrow. Will a popular leader cede power -- involuntarily one supposes -- to the Communists? At such a point as to make effective intercession by Ihe American government impossible, or politically unfeasible? If Betancourt had been an our.cc less strong, Venezuela would have gone to the Communists in the early 60's. How strong is Guzman? II remains to be observed lhat a country hasn't, in fact, any right lo "choose" Communism. It is impossible, at one and Ihe same time, to believe equally in the rights cf self government, and in human righs. If there is an absolute right to self government, then Germany had the absolute right to elect Adolf Hitler as chancellor. The United Slates government, on the ether hand, has no business interfering wilh a nation lhat chooses n leader, however despotic. But if the despot chosen by Ihe people is also a Communist imperialist, whose activities are integrated with those of a mighty world power bent on the destruction of (he rights of American riti- icns, then the right to interfere quickly overcomes, by reasons of state, the right to self-deter- minalion. lomey for the Klan, Murphy achieved national notoriety in his demagogic defense of three Klan members charged with the murder of Mrs. Viola Liuzzo following the Selma-to-Montgomery civil rights march. Â« * * MURPHY'S suit is against a formidable array of defendants: the BirmingiSam News, the National Conference of Christians, and Jews, a Birmingham synagogue, and a professor of psychology at the University of Alabama. It charges them wilh defaming the KKK and thereby causing severe damage to its reputation and a possible decline in membership. But instead of attempting a narrow defense or asking the Jefferson Coumy circuit court (in Birmingham) to throw out the case, the defendants are transforming their defense into an offense - one of the sharpest offenses ever planned against (he Ian. (EDITOR'S NOTE- ''Inside Report" will appear daily cm the editorial page of the Delta Democrat-Times) "This suit opens up opportunities for us that not even a Congressional investigation offers," an anli-Klan attorney in Birmingham told us. "By bringing his suit, Murphy has opened a Pandora's box of trouble for the Klan." Â· Â» * WHY? Because, to back up his contention of damage lo rep- uation and membership, Murphy may well be forced to disclose secret lists of members, se- ciet proceedings of meetings, secret plans of operations. To prove his case Murphy may be compelled to expose the most intimate secrets of the super-secret KKK. If he does, Murphy would face the wrath of members who joined on condition that their membership would never be exposed to the outside world. Last fall, for the first time in modern Alabama hislory, a special booth at Ihe annual stale fair was set aside for the KK.K Although Wallace's role in this is uncertain, his enemies believe the booth was approved with the Governor's consent, * * * THE Klan both at the fair raised a howl of protest from churches and newspapers (both the Birmingham News and tha Post-Herald were outraged). Speaking as counsel for the KK K, Murphy immediately demanded a retraclion. Instead of retracting their criticism, lha defendants i g n o r e d Murphy and continued their attack. Murphy found himself in the position of having to put up or shut up. He procrastinated for six months, then filed his million dollar damage suit last week. This opened an opportunily to expose the inside workings o[ the Klan as Ihe plotter of civil rights murders, church burnings, and o:ber racist atrocities, by exerting heavy pressure on the KKK oath of secrecy. * * * THAT oath is taken seriously. It is hampering investigators of the House Un-American Activities Committee in their probe of the Klan. But now every KKK member who is called as a witness in the million dollar damage suit, either in court or i" pre - trial depositions, will have to reconcile his oalh as a Klansman not to tell anyone anything about the KKK wilh his oalh as a wilness in a court of law to tell the truth, the whole trulh, and nothing but the truth. And Malt Murphy is to blame. Paradoxically, the major part of Murphy's practice up until a few years ago was defending Negroes in small - time criminal cases. Although he still handles a few criminal cases, his emphasis has now switched to professional racism. But, considering the suppressed excitement among Southern moderates brought on by his million dollar blunder, Murphy soon may wish he had stayed in criminal court. He has given the moderales a golden chance to expose and destroy the KKK. FOUR CONVICTED GENOA, Italy (UPl) - Four anti-American demonstrators, including two Communists, were convicted Friday of participating in a "seditious gathering." Their sentences were suspended. The four were among about 50 persons who marched to thÂ« waterfront here Monday to protest U.S. policy in Viet Nam. The U.S. naval support ship Sylvania was docked in Genoa at the time.
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