The Brownsville Herald from Brownsville, Texas on June 3, 1947 · Page 4
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The Brownsville Herald from Brownsville, Texas · Page 4

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Pas;*- 4 THE BROWNSVILLE HERALD Tuesday, June S, 1 5Jrowtt£xnl.lc iferalfe A N I N D K I ' K . V O K N T N K W S I ' A I ' K K Founded by Jn*« O W h i - c l c r , , J i t ) T 4. fMb:i*hfi] ovrr.v n f t r - r n o o n ( e x c e p t H f t l u r d n y * runt Humluy mornlnR The Brownsville Herald Publishing Company T h i r t e e n ' h uiul A d a m s C O C U K I.: o\v ENS HOFFKTFN JR · · · Associate Publisher V J N K O N · · · · · Publisher llsher Editor ^ _ _ _ . . ... . . . . ^rVcr^rH^.Hl-Clits* M w t i f r ftt tho P o i U o f f l e a *t Browntvillft. Textvfi, t h e A c i r.f Congress of Mfirrli 3. 1878 ' DT r u t M : Iiy C/.rncr bv VrMc. 35c; By Mall in thn Rio Grand, J l O . O O ; R M iiU u P B u u o ar o u t of TeXftB (Pnr y CUT) 113.00. T ef R l i ' OF TUB A S H O C I A T K I 1 PRESS - » \ 5 s c . - l u t r d Hrts* I « e n U M w l f x c . l u s i v n l y to the use top repubUcntion - h r Sr-ml new, u r l n t f r ) i n this n r w j p n p r r , n * well n n n i l A P n c t t j dlapntcftea. A Bald Warning 1941, Com- Lp; not as shocking 1 to the A m e r i c a n people i n its i m m e d i a t e p r a c t i c a l aspects as was the . J a p a n e s e a t t a c k o n Pearl H a r b o r b a c k i n t h e r e p o r t of P r e s i d e n t T r u m a n ' s A d v i s o r y m i s s i o n o n I ' n i v e r H a l T r a i n i n g , made, p u b l i c yester- d a y , c a r r i e s a w a r n i n g r e l a t e d to our very existence a - ' a n a t i o n t h a t is far more sobering t h a n was t h a t s j d c l e n h a i l o f d e a t h from Hawaiian skies f i v e a n d a h a l f y e a r s a#o. U n l e s s we, as a n a t i o n , t a k e a d e q u a t e steps for o u r d e f e n s e , w e w i l l i n v i t e o u r o w n "extermina- t i o n , " t h e P r e s i d e n t ' s Commission c a l m l y a n d u n e m o t i o n a l l y r e p o r t e d . This i s a l l t h e m o r e s i g n i f i c a n t i n t h a t i t comes f r o m a g r o u p o f n i n e p r o m i n e n t c i v i l i a n s h e a d e d by Dr. K a r l T. ( o r n p t o n , scientist and president of the M a s s a c h u s e t t s I n s t i t u t e of T e c h n o l o g y . # * * * AS a step of " u r g e n t m i l i t a r y necessity," the c o m m i s s i o n r e c o m m e n d e d c o m p u l s o r y t r a i n i n g r,f 7;U).nmi to 950,000 A m e r i c a n s y o u t h s a n n u a l l y . L i a b i l i t y f o r t r a i n i n g w o u l d start a t t h e a g e o f I S or u p o n c o m p l e t i o n of h i g h school, w h i c h e v e r oc- c u r r e d f i r s t . Basic t r a i n i n g in c a m p or a b o a r d ship w o u l d r o v e r a period of six m o n t h s . T r a i n e e s w o u l d then h a v e t h e c h o i c e o f e n l i s t i n g i n t h e r e g u l a r services, e n t e r i n g a s e r v i c e a c a d e m y , e n l i s t i n g in the Nat i o n a l G u a r d , o r a t t e n d i n g c o l l e g e with a Reserve O f f i c e r s T r a i n i n g Corps p r o g r a m . The cost of such a program has been estimated at $1,750 to $2,000 m i l l i o n a year. A c o m m i s s i o n of t h r e e m e m b e r s , two of t h e m c i v i l i a n s r e p o r t i n g directory t o t h e P r e s i d e n t , w o u l d a d m i n i s t e r t h e p r o g r a m t o g e t h e r w i t h a g e n e r a l a r l v i K o r y board and local c i v i l i a n advisory comm i t t e e s . The c o m m i s s i o n r e c o m m e n d e d getting the pro- cram u n d e r wav a y e a r a f t e r a p p r o v a l by Congress. + * * * \yiTH W o r l d War II still a v i v i d and horrible m e m o r y , the w a r n i n g of the President's Commission is a d e e p l y disturbing and d i s i l l u s i o n i n g t h i n g . But. t h e scientists a n d others w h o make u p t h e m e m b e r s h i p o f t h e advisory body employ b a l d a n d u n m i s t a k a b l e words. For o n l y a c o m p a r a t i v e l y short time--four to t f » n years---will our "monopoly of the atomic b o m b " and the a v a i l a b i l i t y of battle-trained vet- e r a n s of W o r l d War II m i l i t a t e with any certainty « g a i n s t Jl s n e a k a t t a c k on the United States, the Commission's report warns. It p o i n t s out, c o l d l y and w i t h o u t reserve, that "our m i l i t a r y forces are a h o l l o w shell," and that p r e c i p i t a t e d r o p in our nation's state f readiness w i l l be an i n v i t a t i o n to "those to whom weakness on the p a r t of peace-loving nations is a passport to aggression." The Commission predicted that at the expira- t i o n of the four-to-ten-year period cited, our "grace p e r i o d , " so to s p e a k , an attack of "in- d e s c r i b a b l e horror" could strike the American shores. A m o n g the Big Five Powers, the United States^, alone is w i t h o u t a - c o m p u l s o r y t r a i n i n g program. Britain and France r e q u i r e service in their armed forces, C h i n a e n f o r c e s a p a r t i a l conscription pro- g r a m , and Russia's military power is based on comp u l s o r y service in the Red Army and u p o n m a n d a - tory m i l i t a r y t r a i n i n g i n t h e schools. ' O n l y six of the f i f t y - f o u r nations which maintain a r m i e s rely e n t i r e l y on volunteers. "We r e c o g n i ' / e t h a t w e a k n e s s is an invitation t o e x t e r m i n a t i o n , " t h e r e p o r t d e c l a r e d . * * * * "fHKSFl a r e p l a i n , u n a d o r n e d words, m e a n i n g f u l a n d o f t r e m e n d o u s i m p o r t . W h a t our leaders do in the l i g h t of t h e i r imp l i c a t i o n s may d e t e r m i n e our destiny in the next d e c a d e . O u r p e o p l e a r e t i r e d o f w a r ; o f t h i n g s t h a t a r e c o n n e c t e d w i t h w a r . U n i v e r s a l t r a i n i n g is not a p o p u l a r p r o p o s a l i n t h e U n i t e d States a n d n e v e r h a s b e e n . Congress w i l l d o u b t l e s s l y b e s u b j e c t e d to p o w e r f u l pressure not to a u t h o r i z e c o m p u l s o r y s e r v i c e . K i g h t now t h o U n i t e d States is s p e n d i n g mill i o n s of d o l l a r s in f o r e i g n r e l i e f , for f o o d to feed t h e h u n g r y t h e w o r l d over, f o r goods t o s u p p l y n a - t i o n s t h a t need t h e m . M i l l i o n s o f d o l l a r s i n loans to holster the e c o n o m y of o t h e r n a t i o n s are b e i n g a d v a n c e d as w e l l . All t h i s i s f i n e a n d i n k e e p i n g with o u r ideals, o u r h u m a n i t a r i a n i s m , o u r w i l l i n g n e s s t o h e l p t h e o t h e r f o l l o w . And a lot of it is for the p r a c t i c a l p u r p o s e o f h e l p i n g o u r s e l v e s b y k e e p i n g t h e o t h e r f r l l n w g o i n g , b y m a k i n g i t possible f o r h i m t o d o b u s i n e s s w i t h u s . But in t h i s program of assistance, to others, t h e r e is the d a n g e r t h a t we m a y , in our naive and t r u s t i n g w a y , m i s j u d g e the c a p a b i l i t i e s of some of those we are h e l p i n g to use in the end t h e i r re- n e w e d s t r e n g t h a g a i n s t u s . We s h o u l d be p r e p a r e d against any such e v e n t u a l i t y , a s P r e s i d e n t T r u m a n ' s Commission so f r a n k l y w a r n s . It is m u c h b e t t e r to be ready and not have to f i g h t t h a n t o f a c e i n e s c a p a b l e c o n f l i c t w h e n n o t p r e p f i r e d . P r e p a r e d n e s s costs a lot, but "unpreparedness costs m o r e , P e a r l H a r b o r s h o u l d h a v e t a u g h t us that. Flashes From Life (Ily Th« Associated Press) FREE BOOTS: KULM, N. D . -- D r a m f r a n k P. Tolleen, back In the U n i t e d S t a t e s f i l t e r living In Sweden for 20 years, has discontinued one ufu'-old European custom. Stopping nt a hotel In a large American city on his »way to his former home. Dr. Tolleen said ho put his shoes outside his h o t e l room door before retiring--expecting to find them shlned in i h e morning. That, he said, Is the custom in Europe--but not in America. His shoes were stolen*. · * · * CHI i;UHT NOTE: NEW YORK--Charles J, P. Porter borrowed :12 f r o m the N a t i o n a l City Bank and along with the cash he was h a n d e d his note, marked "paid". The puzzled borrow^ then learned t h n t his loan included the b:;; n ! h dollar l^Med^y the bank's 21-year-old personal loan do- p a n m e n t and writing off tho loan was the bank's way of. celebrating IN OUR VALLEY By E. C. O SHORN Vf/E .wonder why-- w The roads from the paved highways to the Brownsville Country Club and the Harllngen Municipal Golf Course are ("and have been for many years) in such terrible condition. Unless we are badly mistaken, they are county roads. And there is considerable travel fcvnr each of thorn all the year 'round. We believe Rio Grande Valley and visiting golfers would appreciate these roads being kept in Rood condition. Golf courses are valuable assets to the Valley, particularly during the winter months. * t * CUNDAY we had the groat pleasure of watching a foursome, George Waters, Tom Morrison, "Dul" Graham and Bill Bailey, tee o f f . "Dul." came through with a beautiful drive, a little to the left, and George followed with one ft little every littlei to the right. Bill and Tom stayed down the middle. , We would have followed this foursome but did not think we could stand it. * * * ,, and Mrs. R. E. Mlttanck of San Benito, are using "jumping" fishing worms to catch their fish. We never heard of such animals before but the Sun Benito nn.glers give a vivid description of how they act. * * * OROFESSOR: Hey, you can't * sleep in my class. Freshman: I know. I've beon trying for the last half hour. "TTHERK is one spot in the Valley where whltewlng could nest and be perfectly safe from those who get their great thrill out of shooting them out of season, and while on the nest- It was in the trees on Col. A. H. Wilson's place here. The Colonel'tells us he counted 14 birds the other morning and a number of nests. » * * T. W. CBILLY) PATTERSON, JMcAllen attorney, was recently honored by being elected president of the Baylor Ex- Student Association. Billy, a great grid star while attending Baylor University, Is certain to give the association a big boost while in office and the association is to be congratulated on electing him. Mrs. Ed Hickman of Weslaco, was named ~a district repre« Bontntlve. * * * ·"THE patter of little feet was" 1 heard' at the head of the stairs. The party hostess motioned for silence. "Listen," she cooed. "The children are going to deliver their good night message." There was a moment 01 hushed expectancy. Then: "Mom, Willie found another bed bug." + * * V7/ATCHING traffic at corners W where traffic lights are installed continues to be Interesting to us. Yesterday we overheard this from one 'of two young women who passed us as we were wait- "Woixclftr why people are Hilly onough to w a i t for a light signal. They don't do anything to you if you don't." It so happens this person i« right. We wonder if the police department will ever think it necessary to f i n e those who break through the traffic lights? Barbs A poultry expert says hens should be nmused, Read them the prifcc we're paying lor eggs! * * * Too many dogs have the Idea that every moonlight night is their day. DREW PEARSON · · · Rift Between Truman Cabinet And Democratic Party Chiefs · · · IN WASHINGTON WASHINGTON--It Isn't advertised outside the inner circle but there's a wide political rift between most members of the Truman Cabinet a-nd those who guide Democratic national headquarters. ,,. Democratic politicos led by Bob Hannogan, Gael Sullivan, Ed Flynn, and various other big-city bosses believe Truman should stick 'diligently to the old Roosevelt left-of-center policy. But a majority of the Cabinet--led by Secretary of the Treasury Snyder--disagree. They are middle-of-the-roaders. Illustrating the rift was a. private conversation in Miami recently between Bob Hannegan and Assistant Secretary of War Stuart Symington--both Democrats, both from St! Louis. Symington suggested that Democratic Director Sullivan was being' a little rough on big bussiness by demanding heavy price cuts, To this, Hanegan replied: '" "Stew, are you one of tnose so-and-so's who believe Truman can win by appenslng the big .business boys? If they're for -us, we're licked. The thing that worries me most is that 75 per cent of the press is for Truman. Unless 75 per cent of the papers think we're too liberal, the people will think we're too conservative. The Republicans always win 'in that kind of a setup." Symington started to protest that he wasn't a reactionary, but Hannegan continued. "Tho reason we Democrats win is that the people know we're the friend of the little man--that' we protect his job and his home, his health and his future. Unless he feels that about Truman, we're licked." U,' S.-Made Dictators On almost the same day ^President Truman sent his message to Congress proposing U. S. arms for Pan-American countries, n Latin American dictator was demonstrating what happens when Pan-Americans got U. S. arms. The dictator in question was General Anastasio Somoza of Nicaragua, who deserves to have the trade-mark "Made in America" stamped on his expansive bosom, but who, nevertheless, is Just as much a dictator as Hitler or Mussolini. Somoza's background and the revolution he kicked up last week are important. They illustrate one of the great dangers in the Truman "Arms-For-Lntin-America" program. Back in 1929 when t h e ' Coolidge administration got into hot water in Nicaragua, Henry L. Stimson wns sent down to patch up the trouble and worked out a deal'whereby the U. S. Marines trained the Nicaraguan National Guard. The Marines did nil excellent job. They not only trained the National Guard, but they picked Somoza to head the Guard, and they trained him so well that Somoza has been ruling Nicaragua ever" since. Somoza was picked because he was supposed to be friendly to the USA. Pie once sold automobles in Philadelphia rind New York, and his uncle, a candidate for president, was a Philadelphia dentist. However, Somoza Mirned on I to be pro-Somoxa and nothing else. He was not oven pro-Nicnraminn. After the first free elections were held, in Nicaragua, Somoza, with the Marine-trained National GUard behind him, kicked out his uncle as'-president and became president himself. Nimirnftiian Nepotism Ln«!/ month, however, he Inatnlled another president, Dr. Leonardo Arguello, generally considered a Somozn puppet. President Arguello, however, surprised folks--though not for long. He had the. nervt: to demote Somon's son-in-law, Louis de Bayle, a colonel in the National Guard and hciul of Public Health. He* nlso relieved Somoza's elder son as inspector general of the National Guard and transferred him to the Leon garrison--away from the capital. Another of Somoxa's sons was relieved as commander of the Presidential Guard. Finally, and the straw -that broke the camel's back, the new president started r,o oust Somoza's son-in-law, Bill Sevilla-Sac- asa, as ambassador to the United States. Somoza's daughter, Lill i a n , is Nicaraguan ambossndrcss in Washington and enjoys the bright life. Tliis move could not be tolerated. So last week, new President Arguello found himself looking for a conn-try of exile. He was replaced with Benjamin Lecayo- Sacasa, a second cousin ol dictator Somoza. While this tale, of Nicaraguan revolution) has its humorous aspects, a c t u a l l y . i t is a tragedy. Somoza is one of the most, hnted men in Nicaragua, but he can't be turned out. American arms and training under American Marines have made him all-powerful. The people of Nicaragua can vote till they are blnck-and- blue In the face, hut they have to upt up with the American- made dictator. However. Secretary Marshall and his War Department friends have persuaded President Truman to support a plan for .sending more arms and more U. S. military men to train Pan-American armies. This is sure to mean more dictators. It also means contact between government and government, when what we need is contact between people and people. The more Latin American peoples resent a dictator, the more they dislike the country which helped create that dictator; also, the more they veer toward Communism. If the same were spent for the exchange of students and professors instead of arms, it would do twice ns much to ward off Communism--and also build genuine friendship, Take A Tip From Coolidffe When it comes to picking men for top spots In government, Harry Truman might well take a cue from Calvin Coolidge, Truman has been almost getting down on his knecfs begging men to accept important jobs. He had an extremely difficult time getting John J. McCloy, former Assistant Secretary of War, to become: head of the World Bank. And he spent about two weeks trying to Induce Pnul H o f f m a n , of the Studebaker Motor Company, to become administrator for ASd-to-Greece. · Busy at the bedside of his mother, T r u m n n left, it to Undersecretary Of State Achcson to i n v i t e H o f f m a n . Hodman declined. Thc-'n Secretary of St.nte Mnr.shnll himself phoned H o f f m n n . Perhaps if Truman h n d called H o f f m a n on the telephone himself, he might have persuaded him to t n k o the job. However, Coolidge didn't bother about those niceties. He felt it was J,heir duty to. serve their country; so he simply announced at a press conference that he was appointing u. certain man to do n certain Job. A f t e r that, they couldn't refuse without being stamped as unpatriotic, Ila.s To Consult Republicans Truman, however, not only sound^ out prospective appointees, but also has to go through all the ramifications of consulting Republican leaders. One of the best qualified men for Greece, for instance, ia Mark Ethrldge, publisher of the Louisville Courier- Journal, who has m a d e two important studies of the Balkans for tho State Department. Ethridgc knows the situation firsthand. However, Senator Vanderberg gave him the veto. In addition, Senator George of Georgia Indicated his displeasure, Ethridpe once edited n paper at Macon, Ga., which said some unfriendly things about the Senator. Lead On, MacDuff DANCY DEFENDS IRRIGATION LIMIT COMPROMISE (Editor's Note: The following letter under date of June 2 from Cameron County Judge Oscar C. Dancy of Brownsville to U. S. Representative Milton H. West at Washington, D. C., is published with the writer's consent. In it, Judge Dancy opposes lifting the 100-ncre l i m i t on irrigation from the proposed Valley Gravity Project', It rcpre.sunt.s his answer to recent telegram sent by Prank Russell ol Russelltown to Representative West Mr. Russell, in his wire, the text of which was carried in these columns May 30, protested cost of the proposed canal and the reported charges for water it would mean lor the landowner.) + * * Horn Milton H. Wcstr Member of Congress Washington, D. C. Dear Congressman West: Last Friday's Herald carried a copy of telegram which Mr. Frank Russell of Russelltown had sent you. First, let me say thnt, OK you well know, Mr. Russell is a fine fellow who came ,to Cameron County some ten years ago to in the teens and twenties with, to paraphrase Mr. Churchill, '.he "sweat and blood and tears" of a hardy bunch of pioneers who bought land in small tracts, mostly forty acres in size, with very few tracts of more than 160 acres for husband and wife and entire f a m i l y . I soy "blood" advisedly because in the bandit raids of the teens at. least one of these pioneers was killed. Los Fresnos has a, few hundred fine. progressive. God-fearing people and its very existence,, nnd prosperiiy rest- entirely on the surrounding family-size farms, all of which in turn rest on the pumping plants. It has waterworks, a bank, a number of stores, garages, several churches and an up-to-date fine school with a high school. Most of the people including, so I am advised, some day laborers, not only in the town but on most of the farms, own their own homos. On the other hand Russelltown, surrounded by one-man or corporation farming, has almost nothing in the shape of schools, churches, stores, etc. It has fine, up-to-date packing sheds, but . . . invest' and presumably make his outside of that is almost a wide future home, As indicated in his letter, he place in the road. Mr. Russell farms with machinery with , purchased some five thousand mostly the common labor avail- acres of land which compromise some of the finest Innd that the able. So far as that civic improvement which makes commu- sun shines on. And, as Indicn- nities, states and nations, is con- ted, it was in brush from the time the "morning slurs sang together" until he purchased it. This is a typical case bearing out the Illusl'rullon of the two C a l i f o r n i a towns ol' tin; dHTcrrnec between streamlined corporation f a r m i n g n n d f a m i l y unit f a r m i n g . His Innd touches, if it does not entirely surround, Bnrredn Station, now en Hod Russelltown. on the Tnnin line of the M. P. Railroad and on tho main state and federal h i g h w a y running through the county. Six miles east of Russelltown, on another concrete road, State H l i - h w n y No. 100, r u n n i n g to Port Isabel, is the town of Los Fresnos. From the .standpoint of location or RcoRmhy, Busscll'.own has the big n d v a n t a g e over LOR Fresnos. The lands. I would say, are of equal f e r t i l i t y . The lands around Los Fresnos were settled INTERPRETING U. S. POLICY ABROAD--By Peter Edaon Former OWI Man Tells Of Rumor Scotching In China WASHINGTON--(NEA)-- Instead of listening to Washington bureaucrats tell about their big plans, congressional committees which hold in their laps the fate of the State' Department's "Voice of America" program should call in some of the people who have been working on this thing overseas. For instance, John C. Caldwell flew in from China the other day. On arrival he learned that when the House had chopped off the 31 million appropriation for Assistant Secretary William Benton's Information and Cultural Relations program, 33 Caldwell has been in charge of all information work in China for nearly a year. His father and grandfather were Chinese missionaries. He was born in Puchow, During the war he WHS an OWI man, assigned to fche China coast regions to help prepare for the U. S. invasion that the atomic bomb made unnecessary. Most j?riticlsm of the U. S. Information program has been aimed at the short wave broadcasting. Dollnrwise, these brond- casUs account for about a third of the $31 million requested appropriation. In many ways it's the least Important. What doesn't "seem to have registered is that by killing the whole amount, the House is abolishing the more important two-thirds. This is the direct, personal contact work by Americans in foreign countries. Reaching: The Jjtterate Population When the new U. S.-China treaty of navigation and commerce was announced last November, there was considerable propaganda to the effect that this was more dollar diplomacy and that,' this country was seeking to dominate the Chinese. That had to be straightened out. Rumors that U. S. troops had pulled out of Japan and. that the Russians had taken over had to be proved wrong. Results of a poll indicating the Chinese believed the U. S. had 98,000 troops in China, when the number was only 12,000, made necessary the circulation of corrective information. Media through which U. S. information officers have to work in China are limited. There are around 600 dally papers with a total circulation under four million; 70 weeklies and monthlies have another couple million. Nevertheless, when these publications with their estimated 30 million readers have been covered, most of the influential, literate population ha* been renchfid. Contest of the State Department's "Wireless Bulletin' -5000 words of Washington and world information sent out in Morse code every day to all U^ S. embassies and consulates--is edited, translated and sent to Chinese publications and radio stations. Crawford's staff has also been sending to a select mailing list of 12,000 influential Chinese a weekly news letter. This is a digest of from f i v e , to eight articles on topics of the day in America. Hunger for' information about tho U. S. exists all over China. Many of the features in the news letter are reprinted. Cost Of Tellingf The Story Information officers in China also operate 11 libraries. They give concerts of American recorded music. They arrange for the translation or U. S. books. They prepare pamphlets on such subjects as U. S. foreign policy. They are showing over 100 du- cumentary films on such things as dentistry, farming . a n d manufacturing methods to audiences of over a million and- a half people a month. . Best estimates put the number of radio sets in China at 700,000. Some are short wave but most, are medium wave receivers. Voice of America broadcasts from San Francisco, relayed by Hawaii, come In fairly well. But 10 of China's radio stations pick up "the Voice" short-wave broadcasts, live, and relay them to their listeners by medium wave. If the Voice is killed by Congress, that medium of expression to China is lost. The impact of all this material on China may be particularly important at this time, says Caldwell. China now has a constitution, though it operates pretty much on paper and only at top levels. Democracy hasn't seeped to the lower levels. Consequently, articles broadcast or films revealing operation of the American county, school dictricts, the sheriffs office nnd such everyday things' are having their influence in shaping demo era tic thoughts, Cost of running this show is around $60,000 o month. Considering the importance of U. S.-China relations and thnt th^ Russians, British and French have bigger s t a f f s pouring their information into China through subsidized news agencies, free of charge, the question is whether it's worth that much to get th« American story told to the Chinese cerned, Russelltown is almost zero, while Los Fresnos with its family-size farms would rate almost 100 per cent plus. Very 1'ew boys were furnished by the Bnrredn community to go out i n t o the foxholes that you nnd 1 might live in a free country because with its meager population the Bnrreda community had very lew boys to furnish. Los jFresnos, on the other hand, by reason of its larger population, furnished much more cannon 1'odder. Both communities furnished plenty of food at good prices to back t h e boys nt the front, though Los Fresnos did the better job ol t h o two. DiR out and re-read t h a t statement of Senator Cnp- por printed in the Congressional Record some two or three years ARO, Hope to find and inclose you a n o t h e r copy. Last week, Mr. H. D. Sengo, the c o u n t y clerk, sent you a certified copy of order of the Commissioners' Court, which I prepared and the passing of which 1 iniUnted, which was passed unanimously by the Court in session at, which all members were present. This order would compromise the family-size f a r m ns of the signing of the treaty which, ns I understand, was Oct. 16, 1945. I dirt not have my fingers crossed in doing this but did it very deliberately as a compromise because the big owners and many others have, in my opinion, by reason of their large acreage, the underhold on the little owners and unless they come across they can defeat any reclamation project, in the Valley. My heart and soul is for the family-size farm nnd neither Abraham Lincoln, Teddy Roosevelt, Franklin Roosevelt, Harry, Truman, Senator Capper nor Secretary Krug were, are, or could be, any stronger for the family- size farm than the country county judge who writes this leuer. But I do not want to leave any excuse--not reason--for the big owners not to come in, I do not see how they can refuse. Naturally I am shot at from both sides. The overwhelming majority of the. people down, here are for the family-size farm and against the compromise. This proposed compromise was suggested by a real honest-to-goodness dirt farmer, Mr, (T. E.) Montgomery of Pharr, His motion \vns seconded by Mr. Charlie Swallow and unanimously carried not only bv r.h? lit lie farmers and others but by representatives of the big farmers present at said meeting, It took the folks a mighty lontr time to wnko up but when they did they woke up nil over. Those smnllcr farmers and business men who oppose the compromise sny t h a t I wns too easily bluffed though I do not think I wns. There nre millions piled on millions nt, stake nnd if the big owners stand hitched they can unquestionably defeat, the Valley from getting the benefit of the Reclamation Service which, while not perfect, is unquestionably the best of its kind in the world, with interest free money, I would sny. for not less thnn 55 years, possibly longer. While it cost* n groat tioal it is not ns nuich ns the crop yields of this Vnllev with its present precarious water supply for ench of the ycnrs 1945 and 1946. It is ridiculous to sny we. can't put it on. We can't n f f o r d NOT to put. it, on. While the prices are high, I would say 75 per cent more t h a n s^von or eight, years ngo, the chances arc that, they will go down. The project also includes drainage. I came hero in 1900. You. as I recollect, came in the teens. We both know what our larmers went through. They have pioneered nnd made this country what it is. They very naturally resent big land owners coming in and almost without eiiort reaping the golden harvest re- suiting from their sacrifices. These nre the j:eopie who fill our churches, schools, nnd who will make the civilization on this border, and not tho people whose main intcvo.st is what rh:«y cnn pot out of t h i s Vulloy largely from the u n r n r n o d increment rr.suit.- ing from the labors of these pioneers. I hope thnt you can in some way, shnpe. form or inshion, w i t h o u t jeopardizing the general reclamation law, put, over the compromise ns wns done in Colorado and Nevndn. nnd that we mny get this projort. Thnnking you for due consideration, I am yours i r u , \ . Oscnr C. Dnncv County -Judge Yesteryears In The Valley FIFTY Y E A R S AGO June 3, 1897--A large consignment ol port, sherry Madeira and Tokny wines wns received on t h e last steamer by Celesun Jay- you. · · · · Tho 13ih Rogimeni band came over from Mat n mores last night and delighted tho patrons of Mike Leahys saloon with some fine music. Tney nlso played at one or two other places. FORTY Y K A R S AGO ,, June 3. 1907--Olmito is still busy shipping t r u c k , chiefly celery, okrn, tomatoes and pepper. The. 29th there were 134 crates of vegetables shipped. Tomatoes nre netting $1 per crate. Dr. J. B. Foster sold $100 worth of popper off of 6 rows of pepper bushes, only 100 yards in length. · · » Gernund Follnin. one of the oldest and best-known citizens of Mntamoros, died in his home .Snturdny at the ndvanccd age of 80 years. The Casino M f t t a - moronse, of which Mr. Folia in was n member, will observe three days of mourning for him. TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AGO June 3, 1922--The first- bale of cotton reached Houston today from Rio Hondo and sold at auction for $1200. It was ginned by Mark Mize. * · * Doyle C. Smith Oil Co.. operating on 33.000 acres 25 miles west of McAllen, is setting eight- inch casing in its Dusknn No. 1 well today, preparatory to bringing in nn oil well at 17.SO feet. Excellent gas and oil showings rmve been seen on the ditch the pnst. few days.

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