The Daily Inter Lake from Kalispell, Montana on November 15, 1957 · Page 4
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The Daily Inter Lake from Kalispell, Montana · Page 4

Kalispell, Montana
Issue Date:
Friday, November 15, 1957
Page 4
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Scientist Discusses Travel in Outer Space thur DI R°Kf JhSSL "In^ntoT' fT, TI "1 f ^ g f° U , P of ' problems are I porting a man in these three re- into the satellite. It is, however satellite is decelerate mur it. jiantrowitz, an Inter- the physiological ones which havelquirements. L i g h t w e i g h t and well known f h a t *TMrJ m «t« n i* ~ *aiemic is . aeceieratfi nationally recognized authority beer under' investigation hv the' cimnio ,i. ,. AH" · j , i .Known that some, meteorites frontal area of the sat. on space flight, believes that AirXnfLn T"f ±." ^L^t flTM 1 *, 1 . 6 . " 1 _. Con ?. itl ? nl . ng ; and com -i do decelerate and reach the earth's ficiently large for it3 w within three years it will be possible to scrd a man into space and bring him safely back to earth. Dr. Kantrowitz, a visiting- professor a t - Massachusetts Institute of Technology, had a major role in tile development of our intcrcontinentol ballistic 'The first group of.problems are physiological ones which have! Air Force and Navy aero-medical services. There are the acc'elera-, tions which man must experience I in launching which may be as mueh as ten time gravity (10 G's). There is a good deaL of experience to indicate that a man suitably positioned'can' lake this. When he is out in space he will porting a man in these three L i g h t w e i g h t a n d simple air conditioning and communications equipment, power supply and other necessities are within the present art. Thus flights of a few days duration would not involve any great supply weights. Next, there is the well known possibility of metcoritic impacts into the satellite. It is, however, satellite is decelerating it the well .known that some meteorites frontal area .of-trie satellite is suf- ,do decelerate and reach the earth's ficiently large for its weight. Thus surface. During the re-entry pro- if one imagines a hollow sphere cess, some of their outer skin is (of, say, stainless steel) entering lost through evaporation and the atmosphere, it is' now readily erosion. Since larger meteorites-possible to calculate the maxi- survivc (and they all have much mum surface temperatures which higher kinetic energies than the will be reached. Such calculations contemplated man-made satellites), have been made by Drs: Riddell it is clear that a large portion of .'and Kemp of our iaboratory What Will Space Man Find? a t t a i n man's space flight. .. the heat which is generated flows away from the meteorite through OK. A K T I I U J I K. KANTUOWITZ C.VMJMIDGL:. Mass. (UP) -VY,1:11 iuis to be clone before we -·-in ac.'iieve manned space flight? J'.te f i r s t problem is the launching. 1'aie h u n c h i n g of a vehicle large ;nousili to carry a man obviously .·(.·quires very powerful rockets and r e q u i r e s Uiat these rockets be ·veil guided Thus, our ability to launch a manned satellite into 31-bit is clo.sely related to our [CBM capabilities. \Ve have been and will continue to devote great effort to achieving ICBM capabilities soon. 1'iie country is thus heavily committed to the development of large, reliable rockets with accurate guidance systems. It will therefore be Interesting to delineate the other problems .which must be solved Sefore manned space flight can be Achieved. will i em . it is · now known that a large light structure can re-enter the at insurmountable prob- f h ; l t impc[s w j t h Ia) . gc meiQ " tilcs are a rare phenomenon. This is'problem, well known as the "re . There are unusual radiations to | be met in space (primary cosmic rays, solar x-rays, etc.) from' which we are ordinarily protected! by our atmosphere. The evidence' is, however, that a very thin metal skin will protect a man against the processes of radiation and con- 1 ,,_..,,i,_,-.- - t u , duction into the surrounding air " 0 , T . Y^. «"*«*"8 rather than flowing into Uie -m? " ln . gtpol " t ° f existuig ref «ctory meteorite. .materials. Such a structure can be . ', . , , t , ,, (achieved by unfurling a parachute A great deal of study of this madc of J leat resistatlt , a risk which will have to be taken;: entry problem" has recently been however, it is known that many have existed in space period on the order of bil- of years without being eroded these radiations other than cosmic | rays. The consensus of professionals is that cosmic radiation hazard will probably not be a severe risk for a space flight of a - . - few days. Studies are being i o £ manned space flight apart from meteorites. The problem of decelerating a man out of a satellite orbit and returning him safely to earth is probably the most difficult part for the reproduction and study of flow about objects re-entering the e w ays. u e s a r e e n g {made o'f these radiation effects! those elements related directly to ' upon animals carried aloft in cap-| t h e ICBM program (launching and jsules to high altitudes by balloons.! Suidance). The difficulty of this i The problems' connected with' P r o D Iem can be illustrated by con- food, water, oxygen supply and siciering tlie tremendous kinetic \vaste disposal do not seem par-j energy of a satellite. If this en- :ergy were transformed into heat, ! ticularly d i f f i c u l t . There is a , weight allowance required on the lhe h e a t generated would be many 1 order of 10 pounds a day for sup- times ~~ TUC kn-cc \ VMZ ' E f E 1 - A K E ' ~~vT, ------- i -, ,- ~ ,, ,, ' -, November 15, 1 957 lllat a satellite material - necessai-y to vaporize made of any known if all the heat flowed This solution was suggested bj made in connection with the" ICBM Prof - Hermann Oberlh in 1«5- program. In particular, at the Tlle re - entr J' process is quite ana- AVCO research laboratory (work-! lo . gous to tllat of sl °wing up a car ing under Air Force sponsorship) | w i t h a bl ' a!t e drum. If the car is techniques have been developed Soing very fast, there is some question as to whether the brake drum becomes overheated before the car atmosphere !speeds. Itliat the outside material remain: I Most of the f u n d a m e n t a l infor- lc ° o1 enol| B h to maintain its struc mation involved was obtained sev-. tural illle Srity, it will be possible eral .years, ago and has been de-j to insulate the inferior well enough classified so that it is now pos-' Sl " lat '^ e interior never becomes sible to discuss in general terms intolerably hot. This possibility re- the design of a manned^vehicle to! su ' ts from the fact that the intense re-enter the atmosphere. It has jl'eaHing period will only take a few become clear that only a small minutes. fraction of the heat which is gen-' As the satellite heats it also be- erated will actually flow into the gins to decelerate rapidly so that re-entering object. It is also clear |at peak heating it is decelerating that this fraction can be radiated at about 4 G's. After peak heating, away during the time that the;deceleration continues to build, up YOUR EDSEL DEALER INVITES YOU TO WATCH ;'WAGON TRAIN"--NBC-TV "The E is the one can look you , - · .., »«/ eye and say MOON IS ABOUT ONE-FOURTH THE SIZE OF THE EARTH. MOON'S GRAVITATIONAL PULL IS ABOUT ONE-SIXTH THAT OF THE EARTH. A 200 POUND MAN WOULD WEIGH LESS THAN 35 POUNDS, AND WOULD BE ABLE TO PERFORM PRODIGIOUS FEATS OF AGILITY. even though the exterior skin of the satellite and its parachute are already cooling and it eventually reaches a deceleration of nine .times gravity. This deceleration is again 1 within the tolerance limits of men properly supported in a nearly prone position. After peak deceleration ,the satellite will gradually slow up to a very low speed and the parachute will return it gently to the earth. The falling phase will take about one-half hour. The sat- it s iiew all over ellite will strike the earth with an impact comparable to that experienced . by objects dropped in a cargo parachute 1 . Thus, it appears that at the present time no great scientific discoveries are needed to achieve manned space flight. Ifc thus becomes a matter for decision. Is America willing to pay for it? It is not yet.clear how or whether manned space flight will be important in a military sense.. Histori- .cal perspective in this respect can be useful to supplement the deficiencies in our imagination. Some of the revolutionary weapons of this century were the airplane, radar, nuclear energy. In all of these coses the .initial developments were undertaken with .non-military objectives in mind. The airplane was once; Just a challenge similar to that of the present day challenge of- space flight. · : Shown here is Hie Edsd Citation 2-door Hardtop Compare it with highest-priced cars for performance Match it against lowest-priced cars for cost You don't get a revised edition when you buy a.1958 Edseli You get the only car that's new in every :'\vay--froni name plate to taillights. And .everycomparison proves it! :· Your shift buttons are'where ; they belong--In the ceijter of the steerwg w_he«L When you I)ave exclusive Teletouch Drive, you shift without even lifting a hand from the wheel. Your big JCdsel Engine is the newest V-8 in the, world. You have never in your life had this kind of usable power before. 1958 Your EdseLbrakes are more than big and safe --they, are self-adjusting. The instrument panel goes beyond being handsome--it is. based on the latest, moat efficient aircraft 'designs. And 1 the'seats are genuine contour seats. Only the Edsel offers you all: these advances, --and more. Yet Edsel prices! start just above the low-priced three. : , ' ' . . " · ' ' " · ; Visit your Edsel Dealer this week for sure. Try out 1958's one really new car. EDSEL DIVISION · F O R D MOTOR COMPANY E L New member of the ' ' · »· - - - . . , . , . . . . Ford family of fine cqrs See your Edsel Dealer and rood-check 1958's most remarkable automobile' JACOBSON MOTORS Highway 2 East - Kql|siell ' *fiw orirc* AHIAS , . . . you* LOCAL COSCL DCALK* Easy Way to Keep Rent Check Coming ·No need, fo miss a single day's income when tenants give notice. Just order a For Rent ad at once, so you'll locate a.desirable person who'll move right in. · Discuss the attractions of your rental units with one of our trained ad - visers. She'll help you write an ad that brings the sort of tenants you want. And quickly, too! Dial SK 6-3666, the Result Number, now! Offer Vacancies v Where Renters Look-The Classified Ads THE DAILY INTER LAKE kf: I 'f -^ , .. .

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