The Corpus Christi Caller-Times from Corpus Christi, Texas on August 12, 1951 · Page 6
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The Corpus Christi Caller-Times from Corpus Christi, Texas · Page 6

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Corpus Christi, Texas
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Sunday, August 12, 1951
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Page 6
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CtofcH CAU4B.-TIMES. Sun., Aug. 12, ? PRESENT 5.*' "1 Korea To Observe Its Third Birthday SEOUL, Korea. Aug. 11. (UP). Sygman Rhee and Hen. DouglaS | War II that K^Jcea was freed from The Republic o! Korea will · be; MacArthur spoke from the steps j Japanese control. And it was in three vears old Aug. 15--an i n f a n t ! . «,_,,..,., .,,,.:.,,, .,.,,,. plouds were j connection with accepting the sur- nation'that has stood with the belpi o f * eouls capJt ° J U a r C '° UdS e i e render of the Japanese forces in, , , ,..-. .._ :,, ..... ......v. t[je country thal Korea's present' of the United Nations as a bar-i Wowing up in the north. j rier against Communist aggres-j Nevertheless, the lepublw was [trouble began. -'on. . | a goal to which Rhee had devoted' The 38 «' Parallel, the line that The little republic has a past as; llis ] ife am j tears f(ji e j ^\a eyes oodyas its present. Now its 5.0001 } t d ; t h bHstc * rirtff sun i years or history have been :a;pedj with a stiuzgic to throw off" for-| and addressed the thousands who eign domination and unify the en- j jammed the capitol steps and overtire peninsula-- including "the area mowed into the streets. Ubove the 3Sth Parallel. j As ear , as 19 , 0 Rhee was a po . wag to divide Korea artiJiciallv, . . . 4 .,,,,,,,.,,»« ,,, *,,".^ was picked to separate the two are^in which the Japanese troops would surrender. It was intended I Korea in 3945 m the uniform o f j i the Russian army. : Although threatened by war and 'harassed by Communist agents! who infiltrated South Korea, thej i republic did very wel! in the short · I lime between its birth and the be-1 i ginning of thfe war. Economic con-' ditions improved and con«ider»bl« social and political proffr«H ww made. Much if not all material fr^f- ress was wiped out in tfa* day* after June 25, WSO-. but the Korean desire for unification of th«. nation remained. same time I for that purpose only and Ameri- SYNGMAX KHEE tan- puppets. cans and Koreans did not suspect j Rhee _ pointing out that his coun- People thought things were go-;iitical prisoner in Seoul. In pns-j^ iuni . t reelmp in the north well whn the r e u b l i c came fr news- " Jl T 4 . ' , Whae MacArthur was st.ll TM* £*,,* j try had been bom with the bless- ling well when the republic came on j,e 'into being on that hot August day DAN A. KIMBAIX ADM. WILLIAM A. FECHTKLER i i n 1948. But even as wrote articles for newspapers and magazines and com- ling of the United Nations, tried . U -,,,«.» » n r.irii J n l o ge, enough KIMBALL, FECHTELER President.· picted his book, "The Spirit of " i dependence." j Denounced by Some he issued an order that; to protect the republic against an ! American forces should move Sntoj a t t a c k from y^ n0 rth. The arms Navy's New Top Men Stubborn, Capable WASHINGTON, Aug. n. (AP)- Rep. Cole (R-NY) is urging Con- Both of the two new men in topJ£ rcs - s to stud ' tne whole problem. command of the Navy have a couple of characteristics that may come in mighty handy Dan A. Kimball, new Secretary of the Navy, and Adm. William M, Fechteler, chief of naval opera- Three vears ago President Tru- i Korea as far north as the 38th "'At "one" "time he "was denounced Parallel. Russian troops moved in bv some Koreans as an agitator from the nor*. And when the sur- ahd disturber of friendly relations! render was completed, the line re- with Japan. Final annexation of I mained. Korea by Japan in 1910 proved i Rhee retuiTied to Korea in Oc- JRhce a prophet and made him a j t o b e r , 19-15. Lt. Gen. John R. [statesman among his people. Hodge, commander of American i Rhee never gave up the fight'forces in South Korea, introduced for an independent Korea. At one I Rhee to 50,000 Koreans in front time he established a Korean pro- of the capitol as ''a great man who visional government in exile in has given his entire life to the Shanghai and served as president, j freedom of Korea.''' Later he transferred his heac!quar-j Rhee responded with character- ters to the United States to cori- istic directness and hit at the Adm. Fechtele.-* work is cut o u t ; t i n u e the long, hard fight for Ko-|problem_ uppermost in the irdndsj were not provided although North Korea began Gen. for him in taking over the post man was able to settle another! inter-service dispute only after a Navy secretary--John I... SulUvsin --resigned and AOm. Louis Den-1 t a ,-y feld. chief of naval operations, re-!j n u of the late Adm. Forrest P. Sher- Sherman's s h a r p intelli- , competence. and \vkie mili- viewpoint--covering' problems; e other services as well as his tired. This was over the B-OG and| OW n branch--won him the respeci other tions, are both known as stubborn j Former Navy Secretary Francis men, willing to fight for their convictions. Each also hns shown evidence he can cooperate with, and JP, Matthews, who ln.it month be- ictunc ambassador t o I r e l a n d , [helped 50 quiet the storm. Kirn- i ball was Matthews' underscore- Ijet cooperation from, his fellow j t a r y from ItMli until he was ap- workers, i pointed secretary. jof Air Force and Army colleagues. Keehteler has the reputation of heinjj a "sally" Navy man who loves the sen, but he cooperated so well with the Army during the war in getiing troops ashore in Pacific amphibious operations thai the Army nwurcted him its Distin- Fighting ability always is sri as net in the Navy, especially with the international situation ».s roiled us He formerly was west coast r,v gutehed Service Medal. As an nm- prcscntative for the General Tireiphitnous group commander he par- and Rubber Co, and was a vice tioipntcd in landings on the P h i l - j it is now, orcaident of t h i s ' a n d a subisrtmry 'ppines. New Guinea and other j But right now the Navy h a s j f i r m , Aerojet Engineering Corp., islands, | other problems besides the poten- now one of the largest r o c k e t F r i e n d s say he also demon-j tial enemies of other lands. Great mnnufactuwr.s in the world. K i m - slraled in Chile that he has n f u n - ] military policies are Uihlng shape.'ball was Washington represents- damental knowledge of how to gel .'Potential enemies must bt sized [I've of the tire company during!along with people, lie commanded .Up. How big a Navy, how big an j the war. coordinating l U s ' w u r pro"Air Force, how 1% "an Army does | gram. Aerojet helped develop the U. S. need to guarantee vie-j '·'· jato -- jet imsisted t.akt-nff ·- tory in any struggle that may J which is used on military planes. flare up? Being what they nre, fighting men not only, are wlllin; enemies but some may want to to light nfter * lh( , W(iri in February 10-19. Fechteler is the son of a former slug It out in the wrangles that occasionally arise among the services over who is to do w)mt in A Democrat. K i m b a 11 made mnnv friends ho re mid canii- back a navnl force visiting Chile in 19-1G. All the 'way there, while at sea. he practiced Spanish. When the Chileans nsltod him to m a k e a speech, he w»s able to do so in their tongue, which pleased them. as assistant secretary of the Nnvy Navy admiral, the latii Augustus for air.' He resigned f r o m his business offices then. F. Fcchtoler, born in Prussia, to be done. How do Kimball and Fechtcler fit Into the present situation? What likely is to be. Navy policy under them? How will the nation fare under the policies these men likely will advbca.t*?..: The best way to answer these questions is first to examine the prtaent situation. One groat question has been this: Should the U. S. have a big carrier fleet capable of floating planes almost to an enemy's door so they can be let- loose at close range for bombing and strafing mis- ·ions? Or would it be wiser to spend a greater share or*the defense appropriations on huge fleets of giant bombers, like.the B-36, that might strike an enemy any place in the world from bases on the ¥orth Amercian continent---or at least from a great .'distance? Close Air Support Recently another related question has been 'warmly tlebated~- close air support of ground troops j in.Cron.t line- fighting. : , i ... Thisl.requiresvgreatifK'ing. skill because'the · enemy must- be hit without injuring American troops who may be only a hundred yards or : *o away. .. .-.'.' -· . · · Should^'the Army have flyers attached to each ground division, so they can practice with .troops, and should these flyers be under command of 'the: division commander? Or would it be best to iet Air Force chiefs have more to say about how and when ground troops \vill be supported? Actually, Navy and Marine Corps pilots have been proving "hot" on this job in Korea, . FcchteJcr's Nnvy experience has li,. nevi.':- wiis involved in the been in just about every type of congressional Investigation "1 the | service except in the air and in B-36 program and the dispute be-1 submarines. It may be that Prcsl- tween the Navv and Air Force, dent Truman believes lack of per- over carriers nnd bombers. · But it was disclosed t h a t a memorandum. charging skullduggery in the B-36 expansion program, hud been Ccdric Worth, Kim- by ball's aide. The whole investigation blew up when Worth appeared before House committee and recanted his charges. He was suspended and later resigned. K i m b a 1 1 -said he hadn't known Worth had written the memorandum. Kimball has shouldered much of the responsibility for preparing the Navy budget. His friends cite! a recent incident as evidence o f i his ability to pull conflicting viewpoints together. Promptly Settled Military service l e a d e r s at budget conferences obstinately clung to certain /figures on how many aircraft each needed. They added up to such ft total everyone realized somebody had to give in. Finally Kimball "said the N a v y would state exactly the number of planes it needed as a "safe" minimum" and' suggested everybody. else do. the same. The issue was settled promptly. "Kimball, 56. was an Army Air Corps aviator in World War I and held a private pilot's license for many years. ' . sonal experience with a r i a l i o n may be an asset to a chief ol naval operations, that possibly it w i l l h e l p - t o g i v e him an impartial viewpoint. In any event, aircraft was the subject of one of the first press interviews that Fechtcler gave after his nomination. Sward Optical Company EXCLUSIVE OPTICIANS For Your Eye Physicians Plastic Articlfial Eyes~Fi«ed Rm. 203 -- Med. Prof. Bldg. Ph. 3-8495 HEY-HAY FEVER? 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That was the explanation for his! country, tear-filled eyes and his emotional | L'ncmiqurrrd, Undivided voice three" years a^o when the "We remained unconquered and] republic finally came into being, undivided through all the-years; It was the realisation of an age- old dream by the Koreans, dream fanned'in ISIS by Woodrowj shall fight to remain so at the! Wi'son's principia of solf-determi- 1 cost of our very life." nation in his 14 points for peace; Kfforts to work out an agree- vvith the defeated central powers' mc-nt between the Rns.sian.-5 ^nd; under Japanese oppression; we ai shall remain so," Rhee said.'"We of Europe at the end of War 1. World| the Americans failed. And it soon! I became evident the Russians werei It was not until- the end of World! tuining North Koreans into mill Each oven It leporate -with own beat control. For normal needs use bottom ' oven, save current. Presto! it's One Drop c«nter heating unit to bXlom position--hay* on* giant oven. 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