The Corpus Christi Caller-Times from Corpus Christi, Texas on August 12, 1951 · Page 1
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The Corpus Christi Caller-Times from Corpus Christi, Texas · Page 1

Corpus Christi, Texas
Issue Date:
Sunday, August 12, 1951
Page 1
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I N D E X Oil N*w« Amusements Women's News Sports A B Section B Section B Section C Section D (ffhrisfi W E A T H C Sailing F»v«nU* Yesterday's High $7 L»w If Sunrise 5:58 »jm. Set 7:11 Mwnrise 3:38 p.m. Set 1:42 High Tide 2:32 turn. Low 5:18 pan- VOLUME 22--NUMBER 41 Entered u Mcond ctau m»'.t«r »t th« port ottle* at corj.u* Chri»U, TOXSUL under U» Act o( Xaxcii 4.1*IJ CORPUS CHRISTI, TEXAS, SUNDAY, AUGUST 12, 1951 PublUUM Sunday* and Holiflsji tM CmlHr-Tlmt* Puuiiulot v» Eighty-Four Pages Today--PRICE FIFTEEN CENTS Senator Calls Red Embassies Spy Tunnels' McCarran Raps Government For Failure To Invoke Law WASHINGTON, Aug. 11. (AP)-- Sen. McCarran (D- Nev) said today that Communist embassies in Washington "have become a huge funnel channeling spies and saboteurs into this country." McCarran made the charge in a statement accompanying a report from a unit of the Senate's internal security subcommittee. McCarran is chairman of the subcommittee. This unit was composed of- AVTVMN MAY BRING WAR, EXPERTS SAY STOCKBRIDGE, Mass., Aug. 11. (AP)--World War HI could break this autumn with «. Rus- »i»n attack on Yugoslavia, former Assistant Secretary of StaAc-A. A. Berte, Jr., said today. He said intelligence experts figure the chances of war about 50-50, although he personally thought "the climax will not come for another year." Berle told the annual forum of the Laurel Hill Association, a community improvement society, that Russia plans a triple drive for world power through Southeast Asia, Iran and the Balkans. Sens. O'Conor (D-Md) as chairmen, Jenner (R-Ind) and McCarren. Its formal report said the Truman administration has failed to make lull use of its powers to rid the nation of subversive aliens. McCarran commented: "Apparently the State and Justice Departments a're too timid to us* the power of the Internal Security Act to drive dangerous elements from this country." Secret Hearing Data The three senators' report was based on closed-door testimony taken here and In New York City in recent months. The secret hearings dealt chiefly ·with the admission to this country of persons with diplomatic or semi- diplomatic status. The Internal Security Law passed last September over President Truman's veto provided that e v e n aliens with diplomatic status could be denied entry to, 'or deported from, the United Stales if their presence here would endanger the public safety. . The subcommittee's report called on the State and Justice Department* to launch a \vlgorous program for the enforcement of these provisions "forthwith," It also recommended: 1, That the State Department promptly negotiate an agreement ·with the United Nations defining areas in which foreigners accredited to the United Nations may travel in this country, 2.. That President Truman have regulations Issued, as provided,in the aecurity .act, for the exclusion otambasiidors, ministers and consular officers whose admission to this country would endanger the public safety. . Red Envoys' Status The law passed by Congress last year does not bar an alien diplomat from the United States solely because he belongs to the Communist Party but he may be excluded if he comes here to eijgage in espionage or subversive activity. Similarly, he may be deported tinder the law if he engaged in euch. activity while in the United States. Mathis Bond Issue Passes Concrete Slab Is Laid For Moore Play Center On the playground at Robert B. Moore Community. Center today the fresh ^concrete' of a smooth «:by-80 foot slab is "setting,"Vand by tomorrow the yotmgsters lor whose benefit it .was laid may begin to play on it. It will be suitable for dances, tennis, volleyball, and other games. Only a few days ago,the area it cover? at 3029 Sabinas -was dusty. "Stickers" pricked the bare little feet of children who played there. The transformation represents an all-out community effort.spear- headed by the Junior Chamber of Commerce in which building sup- Iran Oil Talks Near Showdown Britisli Arbiter To Of fer Plan of Operation Today TEHRAN, Iran, Aug. II. (AP)--British-Iranian oil talks neared the crucial stage tonight with the announcement by British negotiator Richard Stokes that he would present a definite proposal tomorrow for joint operation of the oil fields. Earlier, signs were seen that a hitch had developed in the week-long negotiations. A subcommittee of negotiators, scheduled to discuss a temporary arrangement to get oil shipments resumed, postponed its meeting. W. Averell Harriman, President Truman's special envoy who has remained aloof from developments all week, also went to eee tlie shah and Premier Mohammed Mossadegh in an apparent move to speed up the talks. Mitkkl Returns These developments followed the return to Tehran of Hussein Mak- kt, firebrand Nationalist who has been directing efforts at Abadan to-carry out Iran's law nationalizing, the British-controlled Anglo- Iranian Oil Co. MalcJd. fiercely declared, that agreement would, "be possible only on tho basis of the nine-p'oint law of last May which kicks AIOC completely out of the country. Stokes indicated to newsmen that Britain is: still holding out for management of. the world's biggest refinery at Abadan, which has been shut down in the nationalization row. : '. However, ;he .indicated Iranians would be given some sort of voice in deciding policy ; on production and refining and that the name of the Aiiglo-Iranian Oil Co. would disappear. AIOC: ha s been loudly accused by .the Nationalists of. interfering in Iran's governmental and internal affairs. Hope fofr Loading Stokes said he hoped to get tankers -'loading oil at Abadan again soon, but first there must be a "positive acceptance" of an agreement. Loading was- stopped after negotiations broke down in the first 20 minutes last June. -The Iranians at that time demanded that AIOC be stripped of all, its, profits. rw« Service MATHIS-^ $400,000 school bond issue was passed overwhelmingly by Mathis Independent School District voters yesterday. The vote was 299 for, and 92 against. The bond* will be used to finance construction «f a new elementary school : building. Total , votes cast were .395 out of an estimated .760 eligible vot«r». · . - . Adolph Bomer, president of the school board, said voters turned out in "pretty, fair" numbers. The proposed school building provides 25 classrooms for the elementary grades. It includes a cafeteria, assembly area and a gymnasium- auditorium. Herbert E. Kellner of San Antonio has prepared preliminary plans for the building. The school board has proposed to construct a two-story building because it can be constructed more economically and conserve playground space on the campus. ply and materials firms, contractors and organized labor participated in behalf of youngsters of the neighborhood. Jaycees "got the' idea" about two weeks ago-It may have been inspired by "the board-of directors of Robert I*.' Moore Community Center, a participating agency, in Community Chest, but-it struck them as being a worthwhile project and they set about organizing the effort with Tom Inabinette, Sam L.Jones, ErnmettMikolajcz- yk, _Joe Trauerman, Jr., and Fred Hass as a committee in charge; They found that numerous other people agreed it was a worthwhile Column s, back page, this section Into Action ,U. S., Mexico Okay Agreement; Labor. Leader Hits Move WASHINGTON, Aug. 11. (AP)-The United States government, in agreement with Mexico, m o v e d swiftly today to recruit thousands of Mexicans to help harvest record U. S. farm crops. A U. S. labor union leader promptly denounced ;he agreement as unfair to Araer- can workers. The U. S.-Mexican agreement, negotiated during the p a s t few weeks, became effective formally today with an exchange of diplomatic notes in Mexico City. It replaces a 1949 pact by which private U. S. farm interests recruited Mexican labor for seasonal work. This pact was ended by Mex- co last July 35 after Mexico had charged the rights of her workers had bten abused. The U. S. Department of Labor. by handling the recruitment op«r- itions, has said it aims at protecting the rights of both Mexican and American workers. 300,000 Wetback* President Truman has said that as many as 500,000 M e x i c a n s slipped into this country annually under the old system. Under the new program. Mexican Nationals will be recruited in their country through the joint efforts of the U. S. and Mexican governments and then brought to recep. Jon centers to be set up on the U. S. side of the border. There they will be hired by Amer- can farmers and farm operators, ivho must pay t h e m prevailing wages in their localities, transportation costs within the U. S. and! up to J15 an individual to cover ravel costs in Mexico. Hnrllngen May IBe Ready Soon Rep. Bentsea (D-Texas) said the [J. S. officials told him they hope to have the first reception center ready for operation in Harlingen, Texas, early next week. Others would be set up M quickly as possible, officials said. H. L. Mitchell, president of the APL National Farm Labor Union, denounced the new agreement as a" "grosi fraud:-and deceit worked out :jy, wily"- government lawyers and stratosphere diplomats to cover up the machinations of certain U. S. officials operating on behalf of big business in American agriculture." Senator Urges Truman Demand Oatis Release WASHINGTON, Aug. U. (I) Sen. Cain (R-Wash) today urged President Truman to make "an outspoken demand" to the Czech ambassador for the release of Associated Press co-respondent William Oatis. "PLAYGROUND SLAB FOB COMMUNITY CENTER--At noon yesterday members of the Cement Finishers Union put final touches on a large concrete slab for the playground at Robert L. Moore Community Center, 3029 Sabinas, completing a project headed by the Jaycees and helped along by donations from business firms and individuals. With * surplus of mixed concrete on hand, workmen obigingly laid sbout half of « front walk to the center. - Crucial Session Ends In Another Deadlock \ Allies Take New Hope As Next Talk Arranged TOKYO, Sunday, Aug. 12. (UP)--The Kaesong cease- fire conference got through what was regarded as the crucial session today without breaking down and negotiators agreed to try again tomorrow to reach an agreement. Allied and Communist delegates met for one hour and 40 minutes on the deadlocked issue of drawing an armistic line across Korea. It was their 22nd meeting and the 12th on that touchy issue. \ : As today's talks got underway promptly at 11 a. m. (9 p. ro. Saturday EDT), a dispatch, from th e UN advance camp said it might well be the last. It ·was believed | that only a major change by one side or the other would prevent the talks from ending and erupting into the bloodiest phase o£ the Korean war so far. However, Allied observers took new hope from the announcement when today's meeting end- Crime Panel Is Seeking Zwillman ANASTACIO HERNANDEZ '. . . they tried to trap me" Murder With Malice Charge Filed in Fatal Shooting of Guerrero Anastacio Hernandez, 27,,81i Seventeenth, was charged with murder with malice yesterday morning in the fatal shooting of Laurencio Medina Guerrero Friday. Hernandez, a ; veteran of World War II, is being held in Nueces ^County jail without bond.. Detective Sgt. Chris Rachal signed the charge of "murder with malice aforethought" before Asst. Dist Atty. Sam ONE DRIVE PLAN United Fund Campaign Seeks State Charter . " . : · ' . . . ' : .. · :.:':-·- · " '. * - · · · , ' Application for 'incorporation pa- signed to take the i*raste out of pers for the United Fund of Cor- giving, Craig said, with the United DUS Christi has been made to the Secretary of the State of Texas in Austin, - Conway Craig, president of the'Corpus Christi C i t i z e n s ' Council, said yesterday. The organization is sponsoring a federated health, and welfare fund drive here. Incorporators of the non-profit organization are Craig, John F Lynch, S. Eldon Dyer, Maston Nixon, Morris Lichtenstein and Lon C. Hill. Goal of 'the United Fund is to bring together agencies that campaign for' funds from' the public in order-that one big annual drive might be held, Craig said. T h e Citizen's Cotin.cil has teen interested in Qie formation of such a group for this reason, he added. Chest To Participate The Corpus Christi Community Chest has agreed to participate in the joint campaign. Negotiations are underway with other agencies that!may participate in the big drive, , . ; · · . ·'." The first drive of United Fund is scheduled in October, The goal of the initial drive:will be determined after budget needs'of various agencies have been surveyed. "There is a great need.for one annual i'combined drive for health and welfare funds in order to eliminate the problem of almost continuous demands for money from one agency, then another, throughout the year," Craig said. He pointed out that the single drive will enable business concerns Fund as a part of the. program. The first phase was the adoption of the City Solicitations Ordinance, and appointment of ttie City Soli- eiations Commission by the C i t y Council. This commission passes upon applications of organizations wanting to solicit funds for charity. Also organized as,a result of the program was the Campaign Clearing Committee, which will evaluate and approve or disapprove major fund-raising appeals. Courthouse Bonds Okayed In Hidalgo C7 CaU«r-Tlme» News Service' EDINBURG -- Eidalgo County property owners! voted yesterday a $1.5 million bond issue to finance construction - of a new courthoiSe for the county. A total of 4,500 votes were cast, with "3,110 "for" and 1,390 "against." At that count, late last night, some 25 or 30 votes from Precinct 12 were not in, according to County Judge Milton E". Richardson. "I'm very happy over the way the vote went," Richardson said, "and I want to express my. appreciation to everyone who helped L. Jones. The-charge was filed in Justice of the Peace W. A. Gilleland's court. NEW YORK, Aug. 11. W -Richard Moser, counsel to the Senate Crime Committee, t o n i g h t asked a nationwide alert for Abner (Longie) Zwillman who Moser said "is apparently a fugitive" from the committee's subpoena. "This former big-time bootlegger ' believed to be b i g g e r than (Frank) Costello but so far more successful in avoiding the public spotlight," Moser said. Moser asked t h a t newspapers throughout the country print Swill- man's picture and that citizens oiowing his whereabouts report mmediately to the nearest U. S. marshal. Reported at Se* Zwillman, now In the tobacco business at Hillside, N. J., waa reported by a U. S, marshal in Boston as'being at sea in a yacht. The marshal said Zwillman soon would be served with a committee subpoena. Committee official! m«*nwhil« wer e preparing over the.weekend, for resumption of the crlma quit' ,, . . . _ . . ,. ,, in Washington on Wednesday. _Earlter,_Pe!pmg radio said Gen. Gangster influence in New Jersey is one topic to be investigated and Zwillman is wanted in that connec- ed at 12:40 p. m. (10:40 p. m. Saturday EDT) that the conference will resume tomorrow. The next meeting was scheduled for 11 a. m. (9 p. m. Sunday EDT). The Allies have indicated a will- inpness to bargain on the demar- action line and buffer zone. But the Communists have said t h e y will not budge from their deman'd that it be established alone; the 38th Parallel. About the only hopeful sign was that neither side appeared willing to take the step to break off the talks. Vice Adm. C. Turner Joy, senior Allied delegate, told the Communists in plain suilor language yesterday that they had "slammed the doors on every attempt to make progress" and a new Red propaganda offensive today made the situation speedily worse. The newest blast by Peiping radio today described the UN stand on the armistice line as "rash and Irresponsible." The Red C h i n a broadcast said the Communists .rejected the Allied proposal only at ter "careful and calm study." Matthew B. Ridgway once stated that to end the war on the 38th Parallel was his "highest aim." It attributed the same aim to other American leaders. North Korean Foreign Minis- Guerrero, ;2817 Elgin was killed!ter Pak Hon charged in 'a . *.,,,, ., 0 - ..,.-u»_ v..,,...' ._ ^ by. two....38-caliber bullets on his 38th, birthday in the HEB Food Storei at Agnes and Nineteenth at 6 p.m. Wounded by one bullet was Jessie Lopez, 19, o£ 1838 San Diego. Lopez is undergoing treatment at Memorial Hospital where his condition 'is termed satisfactory. From witnesses' accounts, Hernandez shot wildly into the throngs of shoppers at the. store. Both victims were strangers to him. Following the shooting, Hernandez went across the street and ate watermelon. H e was still eating when police arrested him. Hernandez told police yesterday morning he was "simply tired of people toying to trap him." Enrolled at Del Mar College, he is unemployed, married, and has'two children., with another expected^ Guerrero and his family moved here from Laredo four years ago. He is also an Army veteran. Survivors include,his wife, Juanita; a son, Laurencio M., Jr.; four daughters, Juanita, Maria del Refugio, Maria Eugenia, and Maria Guadalupe; his mother, Mrs. Maria del Refugio Guerrero, Laredo; and three brothers, Lauro and Pablo, Laredo, and Tomas, Phoenix, Ariz. Rosary will be said at 8 p.m. today at El Rosario Funeral Home Chapel. Funeral services will be held at 3 .p.m. Monday from the chapel to Sacred Heart Church. Burial will be in Rose Hill Cemetery. The American Legion will take part in graveside services. Pallbearers will be members of the American GI Forum. yang broadcast used poison gas shells on the east central Korean front on Aug. 6 and 10 the second time the Reds have made this charge. UN Contradicted Another enemy broadcast said the two hour and 11 minute "big silence" at Friday's cease-fire meeting was instituted by Adm. Column 6, hack page, this section tion. Zwillman, who testified before the committee in Washington lest March, has been sought by the committee for the past two weeks. On Vacation His lawyer said he is "on vacation." · .- ' He described Zwillman as *7 years old,. weighing 200 pounds, and six feet tall. The Boston marshal did not identify the vessel on which he said rf.,,, , .. ~ Zwillman is sailing but the Coast "£££.! Jce ? se 1\ re Guar * said it is on the lookout for a 70-foot yacht named "Howdy Pnr?no. " , Podner. Cool Front Loses Zip In State's Heat Wave DALLAS, Aug. 11. (UP)--Sun baked Texas faced a broiling weekend today; as a minor, cool.front lost its punch after putting the first dent in a record-breaking heat wave that has killed 30 persons in eight days. The Panhandle and Plains sections got a breather, tumbling temperatures" and rainfall, before the cool mass of air was swallowed up in the heat. Farmers, their losses running into the millions each day the -heat holds on, can't win. As the heat wave broke in the Plains last night, touched off rains and a, smashing hail storm which beat down 10,000 to 12,000 acres of knee-high cotton in HocMey County alone. Hockley County farmers 1 figured ;their cotton loss at .$1.5 million. In. - * the Central Texas area around · * Waco, ironically, agricultural interests calculated their losses · at approximately the same amount '' for every day passing without rain. - - ; Before its untimely demise, the cool front turned a phenomenal trick, bringing a 3.54-inch rain to " Spur, in arid West Texas where 7' one inch is a wonder at any season, Lubbock, the principal Plains ," city, had .73-inch. There was evidence thaUwomen '-· the t clash..^of cool and warm air|%re better able than men to stand " t h e rigors of boiling weather. Among the 30 dead of heat, 23 were adult males, five were adult women and two were young giirls. IVO THREAT, SAYS WRITER out." Tentative plans for courthouse call for a the new T-shaped building located on the west side of the present building. The bottom part of the T, to the east, will be four stories high, with the two wings forming the cross piece of the T, two stories high. Although carried by almost three to. one, the issue was voted and individuals to budget their giv- down in Pi4 cinc ts 2, 4, 5, 6, 8, ing to charitable, health and welfare agencies, and will drastically reduce the amount of time spent on such d r i v e s by civic-minded people. To Reduce Cost A single drive instead of several will also greasy reduce the overhead cost of fund raising, he asserted. S i m i l a r united fund-raising drives have b e e n successfully staged in many cities over the country. Statistical data gathered indicates that people in such cities heartily approve of the single annual money-raising campaign instead of a steady stream of smaller drives. "The Cithern' Council js sponsor- 22, 24, 26 and 28. Continued Hot, Sunny Forecast V Corpus Christi weather will bow in today for a repeat performance. Like yesterday, predicts the U. S Weather Bureau, it will be sunny and continued hot. Today's high will be 97 degrees with a low in the morning of 78. Skies will be clear tonight, Sailing is expected to be favor able on light southeast winds this morning. During, the afternoon the winds arc expected to increase to J5 to 20 miles «n hour with occa- three-phat* program de- juional gusts up to 25 miles an hour. China Guerrilla Attacks Only Annoy Communists (EDITOR'S NOTE: The author of Ule following checkup on Chinese guerrilla effectiveness .has been AP chief oJ bureau for China since tho close of \VurId War II, In a complex sphere laden with propaganda, exaggeration' rumor, nc has long specialized in sittlnK out tlie fncts.1 By FKED HAMPSON HONG KONG, Aug. U. (AP)-Every day reports come out of Red China that guerrillas are punching the Communists groggy, especially in the South, In the past 60 days enough confirmation has come through to establish the truth of many raids. Evei the Reds are beginning to admit some of them. Are the guerrillas really getting strong Twenty stories about 20 guerrilla raids can create the impression of a vast. anti-Hod movement. When yon add them up, however, they 'may come to an average of 100 men each. Twenty raids theretoTM might involve no more tlmn 2,000 men itcnt- -\ tered over four or five big pro-i vinces. Look at it that way, and guerrilla activity seems trifling. We)!, which is it, important or trivial The answer, so far, is "pretty small." Just An Annoyance Wishful thinkers may m a k e such of the rash of outbreaks, but dispassionate evaluation shows the guerrillas, at present, are no more than an annoyance to the Reds. They may become more than that, depending on several factors, including the Korean War, but it is a mistake now to view them as a serious threat to the Communists, «vcn to the Red provincial regimes. I have talked to a number of persons from Red China, and «ot one takes the guerrilla movement seriously as yet. Even missionaries coining out from remote stations in lla hill country «ay tf guerrillas thus far have not been able to establish and hold a base. The buildup, of a resistance area by old Nationalist regular troops under Gen. Li Mi in the southwestern province of Yunnan is the only really sizable operation that is positively known to exist. Even this may be more in the wilds of North Burma than on Chine: a soil. Hopeful Reports Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek's Nationalists on Formosa put out hopeful reports about establishment of guerrilla vOntrol areas. As time passes and fact is winnowed from fiction, it becomes apparent that these ao-called guerrilla strongholds cither never existed or were speedily wiped out by the Reds. A good yardstick for th« «xt«nt of guerrilla work Ss the Clttnww railroad system. Chin* hat poor

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