Mother Overcome MM Alfred Arnold, l e f t , mother of Oliver-, Terpenlng, Jr., con- fr"ccl slaver of four children, and Mrs. Donald Terpenln* are ov'rromTwhon they moot I n . L a p e e r , Michigan. MÂ«. Torpenlnf Is the wife of Oliver's hnlf-brolncr, Donald. (NEA Iclcphoto). Marshall Stops Credit To Tinted Hungary WASHINGTON, June 2-W/P)--Secretary of State Marshall today ordered cancellation of an unused half of a $30000,000 credit to Hungary, where- a pro-Communist regime has Just been set up with R U S In n ii } statpÂ°mont Marshall also said the United States "wishes every success" for the new non-Communist Italian regime formed by Prime Minister Alclde do Onsperl. He Â·Â·We shall continue, to give aid to the I t a l i a n people who have demonstrated their sincere and abiding f a i t h In democratic. pro- ref-sen for the preservation of their Individual liberties and basic human rights." Marshall mncle no promise as to when or how the aid would be. R i v e n . A d e p a r t m e n t o f f i c i a l noted t h a t Marshall hnfl Â«aid there were many ways In which thlÂ« government could help Italy in its postwar difficulties. A mission for the Export-Import Bank is In Italy now (-xamininK the basis for an I t a l i a n request for a $100,000.000 loan. Bureau Forecasts Warmer Weather By The Associated Press A tornado at Tyler, was the only blfttch on Texas' weather map yesterday. Tt was warm and fair over most of the state, with afternoon temperature..-. In tho fJOs. Winds estimated u n o f f i c i a l l y between 100 nnd 110 miles rtn hour lashed Tyler Sa.nt night. A cloudburst dumped 1.3S Inches of rain on the area In a .short time. The storm raged for about half Â«n hour, and cut off power for a time. Hifjhefit temperature yesterday wns 101 cle^recR at Laredo. Low to- d a y was 2 at, G u a d a l u p e Pnws. Forecast for tomorrow calls for cloudy w e a t h e r in Ktist Texas, w!h not much chun^e In tempera- t u r e , and f a i r weather with no temperature chnnse. In West Tox- Fleming Will Return Cuellar To Cameron Sheriff Boyton Â» Bleminp said this morning that Cosme Cuellar, referred to as the Valley's No 1 "bad rna-r.," will be returned to Brownsville today In custody of Chief Deputy Sheriff Pat Smith and Deputy Esequlol Cavnxos. He has been held in the HldfilRo county jail following his arrest several weeks aco when he wa.s apprehended as he crosKfd alone into this f o u n t ry from Mexico. j Bleminp said t h a t Smith and Esequiel would also po to Reynosa in a t t e m p t to lorn to some of the .iewelry Kalfl to h a v e been stolen by Cuellar at A d f i m s Gnrclens In one of the largest t h e f t , crises of Jcw- elrv in the Valley. r\ Dickie Bird Barber Joseph Casa lathers F. W. Howard in his San Francisco jshop as Dickie the bird watches the tonsorial operation "from his owner's shoulder. Customers can count on nn outburst of aong .from the pet cauary as soon a* the clippers start to hum. 'p\ON PKDRO wns crying his ^ cu.Momnry Monday morning blues. "I! am p l a n n i n g nn nn at- i r m p t t o do away entirely wit.h Monday morn- inw." he re- m a r k e d . " I ri o n 1 1 1 He e them." "m w h a t way does it, h o I h e r you Mner you have no .info to go to," carne a reply from a corner. dr.'7oV f l bui do 11YJ'.- * ' V 'U! ymi -rali/.e t h a t I do more work t h a n t w o men " he replied. "To ir-rili/.c t h i s you .should follow me r n r l i d;Â»y. FVA' could do t h a t . "My c o m p l a i n t about Monclny morning Is t h a t T worry about jiH my a p p o i n t m e n t s for tho vr-ck. T m a k e t h e m all then. And many time. 1 ; I do not feel well due to some oxlrn eating over f l v work-end. "Th-- 1 weather will be h o t . Ad 105." Commission Tells Solons U.S. Must Prepare Defense WASHINGTON, June 2-- (/P) -Supporters advanced an armed services unification bill today as a. partial answer-- and probably the only one congress will give this year -- to a presidential commission's call for an immediate universal military braining law. With lawmakers sharply split over the training question, Senator Mill D-Ala told a reporter the commission's assertion that American military forces have become "a hollow .shell" presents a "powerful argument" for speedy passage of the unification measure. The commission said In its report, made public last night, that either the United States Inaugurates a ,M ,750,000,000- to-$2,000,000,000-n-year military training system nnd spends more billions on preparedness or ib invites possible "extermination" in atomic warfare. fi-Monthfi Training It recommended a six months basic course for most young men nf .18, with several alternates by which they would acquire the equivalent of six months advanced t r a i n i n g . While some of these would permit Inductees to continue their schooling, it was evident that the report, failed to allay the fears of some legislators on this score. Chairman Andrews (R-NY) said Mie House Armed Services Committee may open hearings on the commission report w i t h i n two weeks, bub he agreed the prospects for any action thin year are vlr- tunlly nil. Okay Expected Report Two) Rul. H i l l wild lie IH certain con- gre.stt will act favorably on the p e n d i n g u n i f i c a t i o n bill, expected to be sent formally to the senate floor Wednesday after a f i n a l vote by the n r m e d services commlbbee. ' H e noted b h a b this bill meets sevorar-nf the recommendations' of (.he presidential commission, In that It contains provisions for n. coordinated intelligence^ service, special attention to scientific research and development and proposes a rmblomil resources board which would handle Industrial mobjlissa- HDII for war. Hill rmlcl the measure "creates the Instrumentality" for the "mo- blln striking force" the commission .said must be kept ready ab all times to deliver punishing blows h a l f way around the world if this n n t l n n lÂ« to r o m n l n snoure. LEAVES DEATH ARKANSAS VALLEY EDITION 55TH YEAR -- NO. 286 Serving The Rio Grande Valley For Over SO Years BROWNSVILLE, TEXAS, MONDAY, JUNE 2, 1947 8 PAGES PRICE 6c IYERSAL DRAFT Committee Warns Of'Extermination' If Defense Fails WASHINGTON, June 2 -- (/P)-The nation heard from a commission of nine prominent civilians today that compulsory training of up to 950,000 American youths a year is nn "urgent military necessity M The alternative to thai; and other multi-billion dollar outlays for national defense is to invite "extermination," President, Tru- man'n Advisory OommiKsidn on Universal Training declared. The group painted this bleak picture of the future if its warning goes unheeded: For a few years--from four to 10 -- "our monopoly of the atomic bomb" and the availability of battle-trained veterans of World War II may prevent a sneak assault on the American homeland. But; the precipitate drop in the nation's state of readiness--"our military forces are a hollow shell" --Â·will encourage "those to whom weakness on the part of peace-loving nations is a passport to aggression." . ' Lose Faith Other countries who share our democratic ideals will lose faith. 'And.then " fciie mantle of totalitarianism will spread its darkness over still larger sections of the earth, increasing the peril to us and narrowing the company of those on whose aid we can count in the search for lasting peace." The document was drafted and signed unanimously by the nine members of the commission hon tied by Dr. Karl T. Oompton, Rclon- tlut and president of tho Massachusetts Institute of Technology. This note of urgency was not echoed in Congress. Aside from possible enactment of an Army- Navy unification bill this summer --a companion atep urged by the commission-- any long-range defense program probably will have to await the next session beginning in January. Outline Program As proposed by the commission, the program would follow this out- H M A Â· Between 1,000,000 and 1,100,000 youths would become eligible for training annually for the next few years. (Liability for training would start at age 18 or upon completion of high school, whichever occurred first). An estimated 200,000 would be physically or mentally incapacitated,' An additional 50,000 to 100,000 would not meet present Army and Navy standards but still could be tratneti in some form. Taking variations into account, a pool of not (See COMMITTEE, Page 2) Appeal Is Expected In Coleman Case Attorneys for Mathes and Ruth Coleman, negro couple convicted in U. S. District Court here Saturday on charges of using the mails to defraud, were expected today to file an appeal In the case. The appeal is expected to be filed following sentencing of the pair which Is scheduled for 0:30 a. m. Friday before Judge Allan B. Hannay. The Colemans were convicted on nine counts of the indictment accusing them of conducting a nationwide fund-raising campaign for the Santa Rosa negro orphanage they operate and then using the money for personal benefit. Conviction "carries a maximum sentence of five years on each count. Barnes Takes Over Jailer For Cameron Deputy and Mrs. Hugh Barnes took over duties yesterday as new jailer and matron of Cameron County jail, replacing Jailer and Mrs. Ellis Fountain, who resigned effective June 1, No deputy has been named to replace Barnes, according to Sheriff Fleming, who said this morning that ho la considering making selection from several who applied for the Job. George Waters, who was Jailer under former Sheriff Tom Morrison, was appointed baillf, replacing Barnes in that capacity, but will be paid out of court funds. No full-time deputy has yet been named to replace Barneu, Fleming said. Explosion Wrecks Building K^fita^Â«.:J*WUfcÂ«B*Â«"l^"*^i^-..-Â»Â·-Â·.Â»Â»Â«Â·Â·"Â·Â· ' *""" ' ' v- "^--ST- "Â· Â· MI Walls were blown out Mid room, expoied, M Cii.pt. L. C. Morlop Â·Â»!* two venons were killed TMo"n "ere, whTM Â»n explosion wrecked . two- ind wjp v more Injured. (AP Wirephoto). glory apartment building; in Denver, Colo. Police ^ ^ H ,,,, |ll , ,- -Britain Gives Withdrawal Plan As Rioting Feared NEW DELHI, June 2 -- (/P) -Britain's plan for withdrawal from India after a century and a half was placed before seven Indian leaders by Viceroy Lord Mount- batten today as heavily armed troops and police stood by bo prevent; new outbreaks of communal violence. Despite Â· I oars fchab the conference migh'b be the signal for fresh demonstrations by this teeming country's widely divided political and religious faiths, no incidents had been reported here up to midday when the smiling bub tightlipped Indian leaders emerged fom the vice regal palace. None of the Indian conferees --who included representatives of the predominantly Hindu Congress Party, the Moslem League and the Sliklis--gave any indication of the nature of the presented to them or of their reaction to it. However, ib was generally conceded that Mountbatten made a final appeal for adoption of the British cabinet mission plan for a United India. The alternative,, to which the British were reported reluctantly ready bo agree, was partition of India into Hindustan and an independent Moslem State approve the cabinet mission's of Pakistan. The Congress Party already has plan. The Moslem League rejected the plan after -first accepting it in principle, and there seemed no reason bo hope for a lost minute change in the Moslem atbibude. ^ Two Face Charges Of Drinking, Theft Charges were being prepared today by the constable's office against Alfonso Morris for driving while intoxicated and without a driver's license, and Edward Hall, for theft, driving while Intoxicated and for driving without a license. They were arrested early Sunday morn- Ing by Constable Tom J. Onvassos and Deputy Constable .Carlos Davl- la. Hall was charged with taking several articles of clothing from Johnny's Plantation a b .about; 1 a.m. Sunday. SHIPMENTS Carlot; shipments of f r u i t and vegetables from the Valley totalled 230 Saturday a-nd Sunday, the Missouri Pacific shipping office reported this morning. Sunday's n h i p m e n t s were: Grapefruit one, carrots three, tomatoes 21, corn two. Saturday's loadings were: Grapefruit 29, mixed vegetables three, oranges one, beets three, tomatoes 133, corn 32 TJ^T Two Lives In Valley The Lowor Bio .Grande Valley's violent death toll incroased by two over the past weekend while early reports said that at, lewit one was Injured, Law enforcement; officers said it was one of the quietest weekends in months so far M violence was .concerned, q 11iv ,nv Amelia Perez, San Beulto, was drowned at 4:30 p. m. S udny while swimming ab Boca Ohica. As member of a party of 13 friends from Sari Benito, she arrived at the beach as about noon where the group wont^swmming. The body, after being under water for about 20 minutes, was recovered by George Houston of Brownsville after Obed Gonzalew, who accompanied Miss Perez was nearly drowned, in attempts to save her, Justice of the Peace Jose Acevedo said, Chief Deputy Pat Smith and. Judge Acevedo were called to thev scene and returned to the Brownsville fire station with the body. Houston and Gonzales gave artificial respiration e n r o u t e to Brownsville. The drowing occurred near'the Del Mar Hotel. A 23-year-old Mexican alien, Pasquel Vasquez was stabbed to death at Progreso at 2:15 a.m. Sunday, it was reported by Hidalgo County Sheriff George Ingram. Â· Details surrounding the affray were nob available immediately. Ingram said that Deputies Forrest Hester and Truett Jordan was conducting the investigation. Two automobiles, only two days old and which had traveled only 200 to 600 miles, were damaged and one person treated for injuries at the Mercy Hospital following a collision at about 1:30 a. m. Sunday. Mrs. Alfonso Jones, Austin, was slightly injured when the automobiles collided driven by Rex O. Dillow of Austin and Luis H. Luna of Olmlto. Investigation was made by Texas Highway Patrolmen Raymond Holub and James Swoope, and County Highway Patrolman Tom Cocke. Meanwhile at. Me Allen, Hidalgo county sheriff department officers were investigating three robberies which occurred in the vicinity during the past weekend. Residences of Geogre R. Carpenter, two miles north of the city on Depot Road, William Estes, three-fourths mile north on Jackson Road, and Curtis Thompson, two miles north on Stuart Road, were entered and articles of clothing and Jewelry taken, it was reported. . Deputies A. R. Longoria and L. L. Posey were conducting the investigation. Tony Poulos Will Get College Degree Today HARLINGEN, June 2 -- T o n y Poulos, formerly of Harlingen and one-time backflolcl star for Coach Bobby Cannon's Bobcats, will be graduated from Hardin-Stmmons College at Abilene today. Poulos was a letteman on the undefeated, untied Hardin-Simmons football team of last season. His father now lives ab Harlingen, bub Tony lists Abilene aÂ« hi* current; homÂ«. Solons Due To Act On Tax Slash BE Extend Rent Limit WASHINGTON June 2 Congress lined up a crowded schedule today, aiming at final action that would send three major- bills--income tax cuts, labor disputes regulation and rent control extensions--to President Truman's desk by the weekend. First the house and then the senate planned to stamp approval on the $4,000,000^000 a year tax cut bill. The compromise measure slashes individual income taxes by from 10.5 to 30 per cent beginning July 1. Â· The Republican leadership called up for senate passage its own measure continuing rent controls for eight months beyond June 30. It permits landlord-tenant agreements to boost present ceilings and provides for swifter Decontrol than a version passed previously by the house. After the senate acts, its bill will go to the house, The house measure extends controls only six months, but authorized the President to let them run another three months, The compromise labor disputes bill is awaiting expected house approval Wednesday, with a senate okay immediately thereafter. Army funds--Republicans aimed a new economy drive at the War Department's $5,240,982,423 budget for 1948, already cub 8.3 per cent by the House Appropriations Committee. This proposal would lop off almost another $100,000,000 to equalize treatment of the War and Navy Departments. The house last month brimmed the Navy budget slightly more than 10 per cent. Treaties--Senator George (D- Ga), high ranking member of the foreign relations committee, called for ratification of peace treaties with four former Axis allies as a "first step" toward restoring Europe bo a peaceful, normal economy. He, followed commlbbee chairman Vandenberg (R-Michl and Senator Taft (R-Ohio), Reputa- jcan policy leader, in urging senate approval of treaties with Ibuly, Bulgaria, Romania and Hungary. COTTON PRICES NEW YORK, June2 --(/P)-- Cotton prices al - noon w^re 15 cents 59 $1.05 bale lower than the previous clow. July 14,17, Oct. 20,85, nnd Dec. 30,06. Congress Hints Intervention In New Coal Strike WASHINGTON, June 3--- (Â£) -Congress may have to cut short its summer vacation it (1) the thcreatened coal strike develops and (2) the labor disputes bill up for final passage this wook becomes law. Predicting that last week's col lapse of wage negotiations will "stimulate" President Truman to sign this bill, Senator Ellender (E- La) said congress in any event may have to take a direct hand If John L. Lewis calls hie United Workers out, of the pits, In the absence of a now law, Lewis could do this after June 30 without the threat of federal intervention. That Is the date expiration of the Smith-Connally plant seizure law forces the government to turn the mines back to private ownership. Mine Strike ftohedaled The miners already are schedul ed to go on a 10-day vacation beginning June 27, so any walkout under their traditional "no contract, no ..work" policy would bs delayed, beyond that point. Ellender told a .reporter the possibility of a strike is going to make ib more difficult than ever for Mr Truman to veto the compromise labor bill, awaiting expected house approval Wednesday and a senate okay immediately thereafter. "As the situation *tands now the President will be helplow to do anything at all if Lewis call*, a strike after June 30," the Louisiana senator said. "On the other hand, if this bill becomes law, the government will have the right to step in with an injunction to stop a. strike," -Labor produoÂ«A Senator Hill (D-Ala), who voted against tho labor bill, conceded that (.he threat of a coal stoppage will make the President's decision more trying. But Hill stuck to his prediction that a veto will be forthcoming. Forecasting- thai congress wil override a veto if there is one Ellender noted this might cut the legislators' vacation short U efforts to settle a strike fail. Under terms of the bill, an injunction sought by the Attorney General would hold for a total ol 80 days. After the first 60 days the National Labor Relations Board would be required to hold an election among union employes to determine whether they wanted accept the latest management offer or go on strike. A vote to strike would send the matter to the President, who would be directed by law to submit the whole question to congress with, recommendations for "appropriate action." Selecman Closes Methodist Meet AMARILLO, June 2-- /P) --An overflow congregation heard Bishop Charles C. Selecman deliver the closing sermon ot the 38th session ol the northwest Texas Methodist conference here yesterday. Latei in the day the new ministerial appoints were released. Bishop Selecman told the conference that if the present trend continued, the itinerant system of mcthodism would die. He referred to churches demand- iiiK certain prenchcrs for their pulpits and to preachers seeking changes because of better salaries. The conference did not select a 1948 meeting place. A committee to be named by the bishop wil mnke the selection later. were crowded with "Dollar Day' shoppqrs this morning nnd nil locn mrvrchnnl-s reported large sales of merchandise. The super bargains attracted buyers from surrounding towns as well as those from rural areas. This monthly shopping event 1 showing an increase in business foi local firms, many of who are n able k) offer ha-rd-to-get mer- ohnndtas. After High Winds Hit Rural Homes! PINE BLUFF, Ark., JunÂ« 2--(/p)--Thirty seven dead, 15 missing:, hundreds of in-' jured and additional hun* dreds of homeless , werÂ« counted today in the wake of a tornado which carved a 20-mile swath through densely populated agricult* ural area south of here. Searchers were to resum* a t dawn p r o b i n g rain- drenched plantations, field* and bayou swamps for additional victims of the twister which boun* 1 ced along a crescent-shaped court* late yesterday. The condition of many of thÂ« 71 injured at Davis Hospital waÂ« critical. Emergency treatment WM administered at the hospital la** night to aomt 200 who were rt*' leased after treatment. Counties* others received oo kh* Â«pot for minor hurt*. Home* Estimating that 00 to hornet were destroyed, George JBtc^d of PlnÂ« Bluff Â«ald probably would bÂ« tomorrow bÂ«*j fore a recapitulation of the eternity tell would be oomplete, .4 Coroner E. r. IXUPree Mid about 18 persona were reports* missing. Ambulance driver* a*W Her had reported some of the vis* tims were blown Into bayous ponds. Dynamite was to be today ki an effort to recover bodies. ^^ The twiÂ«tÂ«r boundtd 20-miia coxwÂ«Â« -- 10 miles wide ixy places-- from a point approximate!^ 10 miles southwest of bJere to a *pov| in the Arkansas River bottom* about 10 miles southeast oi PinÂ« Bluff. Its firing* struck thÂ« cxJ tremo Â»outhern outsklrU of thi* community of 40,000 at thÂ« northj ernmost point of its course. The storm jumped aomo smalf sections along its path but gen* orally devastated the area, twisting huge cypress trees into kindling nnd entirely olimlnaiing whole pinÂ« thickets. Only the foundations-* no wreckage -- marked the aites of many farm dwellings. Huge atrip* of metal roofing were wrapped around fallen utility polo*. Several Â«m*ll UmbÂ«r bridgÂ«Â« across bayous loading from PinÂ» Bluff to the devastated area werÂ» blown away and ambulance drivers had to await removal of tree* and logs from the highways to rcmov* some of the injured. "Whole families-- negro and whit* -- were wiped out," an observer said. "Â£ saw 10 negroe* all on heap." Trucks, taxicabs and private automobiles were pressed into service to transport dead and injured. Driving rain and a hail storm followed the tornado to handicap. rescurers and add to the misery oi the victims. The Union, Ladd, Fair field. Watson's chapel and several unnamed communities felt the storm. Many of the homes destroyed were the three and four-room frame dwellings of tenant farmers. However, big plantation homes and an im* proved suburban development about six miles south of here also crumbled under the impact of the twister. Stock Markets NEW YORK, June 2-w^)~ The stock market today started thÂ« new month with declining tendencies appearing in virtually all departments. Assorted aviations led a dip at the opening, following the holiday plane crashes. Steels, motors, rila and rubbers took the downward course. Dealings soon slowed, however, nnd extreme losses running to a point or more were trimmed in the majority of cases near thÂ« fourth hour. Profit cashing on last week's recovery received part of the blame lor the retreat. FOREIGN EXCHANGE NEW YORK, June 2 -- Â£)-- Por- egn exchange rates follow (Great Britain in dollars, others in cents): Canadian dollars in New York open market 8 3 Â« per cent discount or 91 -.25, U. ^. cents, down s ,4 of a cent; Europe: Great, Britain $4.02 1310; up 1-16 Â·/ * ocnt: *Tince (Franc) 84 u of a cent, unchanged; S w e d e n ( k r o a a ) 27,85, unchanged; Switzerland (franc) (com'l) 23.40, unchanged. Latin America: Argentina free 24.62, down .01 of a cent; Brazil free 5.50; unchÂ«Â»gÂ«d; Mexico 20^Â» Â«2, vmchnnnred.
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