The Lawton Constitution from Lawton, Oklahoma on August 21, 1963 · Page 10
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The Lawton Constitution from Lawton, Oklahoma · Page 10

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Wednesday, August 21, 1963
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1Q THE LAWTON CONSTITUTION, Wedneiday, August 21,1963 The Lawton Constitution NED SHEPLER, Editor and Publisher BILL F. BENTLEY. Business Manager I'KO KALSTON. MauuHng Editor ft. «. ftlCK JOIS HOUSE. Advertising Manager Promotion Manatw W D. HAMRAVES. B. O. AHLSCHLAllER. Mechanical Suoerlnttndtnt Qrculauon Director PuDUsiied Evenlnsj Monday Ttoousti Friday .ot £ach Week cl Third and A Avenue, Lnwton. ORI»hrraB Member or the Gttlfthoma Press Avsoclauon and Southern Newspaper Publisher* Assoclnllon DIAL, (all departments) EL 3-0620 Member of Audit Bureau ot Circulations MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Ti* Associated Press is enUUcfl exclusively to Oie use Tor re-publication or nil the Iocs] news printed In this newspaper aa well as all AP newi disuaichcs No ftdvertlslnc will DC accepted CTOTTI proraouon men or transient* IhrouRh local [Inns or Independently unless It !· paid Cor In advance or is accompanied by written authorization of local business m^n zuarnnieelnc payment Any erroneous reflection on the cnaractcr ot any perion. Clrm or corpornUon and any misstalemenl of fuel which may appear In lhl» newspaper will be gladly corrected upon tti belbff brought to thi ·u *mlon or the maniyremenL Peace--Not Half Bad Even though we know the Russians too well to drop oiu' gucu-d. it must be admitted that it is a pleasant change from the Cold War to be on the receiving end of Russian effusions of friendship. Relations between our two countries could not have been more cordial lhan they have the past few weeks. Our envoys to Moscow and those from Britain could not have been more warmly treated. The signing of the nuclear test ban treaty, limited and imperfect as it is, makes worthwhile the seemingly fruitless years of argument that went before. Assuming that the Soviets may intend to abide by the treaty, there is still the nagging suspicion rhai this sudden sweet reasonableness may nol be quite genuine, lhat there is some ulterior reason which may, in the end, work to our harm. The obvious answer is that Khrushchev is mending his fences facing the \Vest because of deteriorating relations wilh the Kasi--Red China. Knowledgeable observers seem to agree that the Russian about-face is genuine, that it does bode well for the future of mankind, and that we should take advantage of it. Surely the vehemence with which the Red Chinese have denounced the treaty--and Khrushchev and the Russian Communist party for signing it--indicates that the nuclear ban is hardly just part of a larger Soviet plot, any more than Gen. De Gaulle's maverick behavior is part of over-all Western strategy. Whatever rhe truth may be, Americans are accepting the treaty wilh restrained relief. Opinion polls are almost unanimous in painting a picture of the man in tlie street who is wary and nol exactly overjoyed, but is nevertheless hopeful that some good will come of it. Americans' altitudes might be summed up as: "It's better than nothing." Or to paraphrase Churchill: "Ban ban k better than war war." Senate scrutiny of the treaty will be thorough, but approval is expected to be speedy and overwhelming, The wonderful thing is that some good will come ot the treaty --ii it lasts--simply Through natural processes, Fallout will begin to decrease and will decrease more and more as the years pass. How many unborn human beings will be saved because of this, perhaps only future--and grateful--generations may know. Bister Than Gigantic OD O Today, thanks to the challenge of communism, automation, expanding population and numerous other factors, people arc more conscious than ever of the question of government vs. private enterprise. A competition seems )o be developing between the rwo which, at quick glance, promises lo benefit all concerned-business, people and nation. Sentimentally, private enterprise is the "good guy" in this country: big govemmenl is the "villain." It's popular to praise the one and decry the encroachments of the olher in general terms, much rhe same as it is safe lo support morality and a "return to the old virtues" without explaining exacily what you mean. But how many Americans realize that the largest single pri- valcly financed construction job in the nation's history--and probably the world's--is nearing completion? Next time someone laments over the rumored death of free enterprise, ask him to name this projecL The answer? The Colonial Pipeline--the longest (2,600 miles), largest (.10 to 36 inches in diameter; and most expensive (SSO million) pipeline in existence. It begins in Houston, Texas, swings through the southeast and then north through nine of the original 13 colonies, crossing streams and rivers, Making through swamps, climbing mountains and spanning valleys. The pipeline will end eventually in New York Harbor. Distance from Houston is 1.500 miles, with 1.000 miles of spurs along the way connecting major cities. Wilh more than 70 million motor vehicles in the United States. Americans consume petroleum and petroleum products at the rate of more than ID million barrels a day. (One barrel contains 42 gallons.) Later this year, rhe Colonial will begin moving an initial 600.000 barrels a day, It will take no less than 9 million barrels (or about 37S million gallons) just to keep the line filled. No, we haven't yet reached the point where the government does everything. Kennedy's Congress With three terms in the House and one and a third terms in ihe Senale, President Kennedy was expected to be able to maneuver legislation through the Congress w'here'he gained his legislative education. Vet as the target dale for adjournment came and went at the end of July, three-fourths of his legislative program had been ignored or stalled in committee hearings and none of his major proposals had become law. Outstanding issues have mounted. To the President's tax cut and reform program, slowly making headway in the House Ways and Means Committee, events have added the civii rights battle and the railroad strike threat at home, and the nuclear test ban treaty in foreign relations, Legislation passed so iai~ has been extensions of previous legislation--the feed grains program, corporate and excise taxes and the national debt limit. Congress is bogged down with its preoccupation with the forthcoming national election. It has refused to face the issues. It may be too late, but the strong leadership the President promised in his campaign is needed DOW, if any appreciable part of his program is to become law. Thoughts For Today f And 1hoy shall .stand every mornuip, thanking !i and praising tlie Lord, and likewise at evening.--I s Cbron. 23:30. S ?:: One of the most essential preparations for eternity Ii is delight in prai:-jng God; a higher acquirement, I i do think than even delight and .devotednoss in prayer. Ii --Thomas Chalmers. · , . Ii! iiuQainniniiiinnniiininiiiiinriiiiiiiiDiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiDiniiiiiiiiniiii Washington Report ARA Future Looks Dark By SAM A. HAN.N'A WASHINGTON--The New Frontier's fii-st showcase agency, the Area Redevelopment Administration, i s - i n deep trouble [or doing too much in the eyes ol Republicans and too little to please some key Southern Democrats. The U.S. Chamber ot Commerce is currently denouncing if for allegedly playing politics--and simultaneously it seems to have suffered for nol keeping poll lies sufficiently in mind. To make mailers worse, iis future is entangled in a quagmire o[ Capilol Hill horsctradiiig which has linked it to Ihe 1963 cotton bill--a piece of legislation nobody really likes. Al the center of this lanjle ot controversy is the ARA Administrator, William L. Ball Jr.. a gangly, restless Pennsylvnnian who has run the agency since it was formed early in 1961. He has presided over the disiri- bulion of a H50 million bankroll Congress gave :he ARA to start of.'. The money is almost gone, parceled out in nearly .100 loans and Ei-ants for new induslries and municipal works in depressed areas throughout Ihe nation. THK RESULTS so far are impressive but unspectacular. With another W50 million--al which Ihe House of Representatives is balking--Ball believes a groat many of Ihe pocket? of economic stagnation could be revived. Exactly the opposite view iC rep- president of the U.Ssshrdlufwypyp resenled by Edwin P. .N'eilan. president of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, Ncilan look the rostrum o( Ihe National Press Club for a wholesale attack on political "bagmen" who run for office on promises of extracting Federal cash lor their home disiricls. The only agency he mentioned by name was the ARA. Ball says he cannot undcrsinnri Ncilan's speech. He says ii was local Chamber of Commerce groups who began the agitaiion J'or the ARA back in 1SX. Local chamber arc invariably involved in community efforts to promote new industrial expansion. Almost without exception, he says, 'hey have worked closely with the ARA. "Frequently," he says. "the Chamber members show up wearing different hats--as members of development commissions. But they arc usually the local tradesmen who have ihe mosi direct slake in developing more business for their towns.'.' IT WAS THKSK grnss-roois business groups, Bait says, who wetv unable (o raise enough moni'y from nearby sources lo finance industrial growlh, and so lumen lo ihe Federal Government. The ARA provides a menu of services which includes technical advice, vocational rtnraining classes, development loans rind grants ,'or civic improvements do- signed to provide the sowers, streets and o'.hcr facilities new industries need. Ba't states his agency has frequently been able to suggest new sources of income local groups had not considered. Many Appalachian mountain coal low.is. dying on ihe mines, have been urged by the ARA lo slop concentrating on attempts to lure automobile assembly plants or missile factories and develop, lor CNample. tourist facilities, This emphasis on tourism, which is an industry growing rapidly even 1 time a union wage settlement wins longer vacations, has inevitably led the ARA inlo such projects as loans for moiels and other resort facilities which seem frivolous at first glance. A tentative loan lo expand the airport for a N'evade hamlet had to be hurriedly rejected when critics claimed the improvements were part ot a scheme to promote the town's gambling casino. THJE ARA has its share of hard luck, In one backwater Maryland community it extended loans and crams totaling 03.A million to help industrial development. In two years, 10 new induslries located there. Average payrolls climbed SS a week and the county welfare cost dropped $250,000 a year. Unfortunately, the town was Cambridge, Md., where for reasons evidently unrelated to the economic upsurge, racial tension reached ooe ot its bitterest points this summer, requiring occupation of the town by the National Guard. The ARA had to abandon its plan to publicize Cambridge as a blue ribbon exhibit. By law, the ARA's activities (not counting its coordination of the Accelerated 'Public Works Program, which is a separate operation entirely) are confined to a thousand areas which meet certain stagnation specifications laid down by Congress, About half the areas are rural districts and the remainder urban. There are some development areas in every 'State, but the .'major concentration runs from Pennsylvania 1 down through the Appalachian mountains and fans out through the South,' Curiously, -it-was lack of support from. Southern Congressmen which defeated last June a bill to give the ARA another S450 million to continue its work. The biB lost by five -votes. SOUTHERNERS who had supported the program in 1961 but . switched to ..'.opposition',,, give. . a . , variety of reasons for their change ot heart. Some said very frankly that, didn't think : the'-' .ARA · had ,. gone enough in their 'own dis-'" tricts; · " . ' · "·" Higher Education Svlvia Porter /Iforv McGrorv Euphoria Banned In Washington WASHINGTON--Life is full ot peril Yesterday it was (allom. Today it's euphoria. What's euphoria? \VebMrM 1 says i i ' s "a sense of well-being and buoyancy." Sounds nice, eh? Well, like almost a n y t h i n g else t h a t ' s any (un, it's forbidden The Declaralion of Independence goes 10 Ihe trouble of su:tr."tnlco- ing Ihe riuht of Ihe pursuit o[ b.'ippinrss. and happiness 1 is euphoria's big sister. But euphoria, ru least in conni'c- lion w i t h ihe nuclear lesl-bim ireii- iy, seems 10 be o u t . Nol even limited euphoria for a limited lesl- ban treaty is permitted, Thr President is against i t . So an.' ihe .loinl Chiefs of Slutf .and two members of inc-G'ibiricl. Likewise, the United Suites Senale. according lo Majoriiv Leader Mike .Mansfield. "Euphoria" is the "in" word at Ihe it'si-ban Irealy hearings. Senator Richard B. Russell (D.. Ga.) couldn't help noiicing thai it's taken over the town. GISN. MA.WKU, D. Taylor, chairman of Ihi' Joinl Chiefs of S l a f f , took a strong stand against euphoria Thursday morning, but he s.'iid Ihe m i l i t a r y is not responsible for iis vogue. Me sniri lie thought they were just trying lo Itccp in s t e p wilh Ihe logheads. Usually the mass o( man who h a v e been described by Henry Tho- iv.'iu as kndini: "lives of quid d(?s|x.TalJon" are not terribly or ha- b i t u a l l y concerned about euphoria. Some people ser no cause 10 be glad lo b? ;ilive from the moment llx-y hour I heir alarm darks in Ihe morning u n t i l they sc-t them again al nighl. Sometimes, on va- c.-ilion, they get a w h i f f . Now, of course, when ihcy open Ilieir eyes (md reflect thai they mny nol be blown lo bits In the course of the day or inh.'Je strontium 90 unawares, they must just permit themselves a lilllc furtive joy. Bui, according lo Ihe grave MIRROR Of The MIND Uy JOSEPH WII1TNEV C:in mi'n ho:t.r Ix.-tltir than WOIIUMI? Anwor: There is little evidence Hint one hears boiler lhan the other. Among older people, however, men normally have bel- ler hearing for ihe lower sound frequencies, and women have bet- ler hearing for ihe higher frequencies. 1 Actually the onsei of hearing loss appears later among women lhan among men: however, ii proceeds ai a faster rale after onset. By the mid-fifties the hearing loss in !hc lower frequencies among women usually exceed that of men. child is, Ihe easier it is to correct his unhealthy attiiudcs Ihrough hypnosis. As reported in ihe Insider's News Lelier. Bellini plays tape-recorded lessons w h i l e :he children are asleep. When he then awakens the class, all students can repeal iheir lessons word-perfect. Is hypnosis hnrnil'ul 1u children? Answer: Usually not. A leading Italian hypnotist, Mario Bellini, who has been conducting, experiments in learning wilh -grade school children in Bergamo, IlAly, said recently that the younger a Are liciirl murmurs cau.-ed ly tension" Answer: Alton Blakeslce wrote in Today's Health News (July 1963) that virtually all normal people have heart murmurs that can be detected wilh sufficiently sensitive recording equipment. These vibratory, twanging, humming sounds arc innocent, and do not indicate any form of heart disease, "K this type of murmur is misinterpreted." said the report, "a child or adult may become a needless . heart cripple, living in fear he really has an ailment." Dennis The Menace ^j ch.'ips testifying before the Senale, they must nip lh;il hnppy feeling in Ihe hud. They must immediately I h i n k vigilant m i l i t a n t thoughts. They must remember t h a t they cnnnni Irusl Ihe Russians, that the Russians break Irealics. Oil T I I K V M I G H T recall Ihe l i t lie history lesson re.id in the Caucus Room by Sen, Mike Mansfield, who reviewed the perfidies of Russia toward China. Mansfield, had his own df/inilion ot euphorin. He calls il "letdown", and he's agaiasi t h a i , too. I[ this foils lo wipe Ihe smiles from their faces. Ihcy rnighl brood ;iboul H'hi'it [idv;mlage Russia is gaining from the treaty over" us. since several Senators have brooded ihal u Irealy that benefits them c.'innot possibly benefit, us. Usually, Washington in summer IK not n breeding-ground of euphoria. .Many people are sorry enough lo be here without requiring any f u r t h e r cause for gloom. Thursday, however, Ihe Capilol presenied aspects lhat could lead lo an outbreak of euphoria that might roach Ihe epidemic stage. IN THE 'FIRST place, ihe weather was splendid, clear and bright and of the crystal variety likely to induce in the unwary "a sense oi well-being and buoyancy." Secondly, Victor Borgc was playing .Mozart and Viennese waltzes. on a piano placed halfway up on the Capitol steps. The sun shone brightly on the scene. Any number of citizens were smiling. Nobody was around with a Geiger counter measuring rhe euphoria content, but it looked pretty high in the face of all Ihe warnings. Yesteryears ](J Yenrs Ago Lee J. Woods is elected president of the Lawton Optimist club .. . SeK-addressed envelopes for all striking employes of Southwesi- ern Telephone company arc delivered lo the local management for mailing out the paychecks strikers won't cross their own picket lines to gel ... Homer B. Kidd wins trophy as top shooter among Fourth District Highway Patrolmen. UO Years Ago United Stales Navy captures the Eolie islands off the toe of Italy . , 1st Lt Guy H." MeQuns. son oE Mrs. F. B. McClung, Star Rt,, who is piloting Flying Fortress over Europe, adds two Oak Leaf clusters to his Air .Medal. . il) Years A):o Logan Slollenwerck, Lawton high school football coach, is named on Coach .'Ray Morrison's all lime Southern-MethodLsl university football squad . . . By executive order, Cov. Murray creates a state de- partrcent of waterways, power and -flood control to have sweeping powers and: to work wilh the federal government on projects under. Ihe. national recovery and pub- · lie works program-. The Almanac ·Today is Wednesday, Aug. 21, the 233rd-day .of .1953 with 132 to follow. ,' The moon is, approaching .its!; first phase. The morning stars are · Jupiter.. and Saturn. The evening "stars 'are Mars' and Saturn. ' . Those born today include Britain's Princess Margaret, in 1930.. On this day in history: .'In 13-10, a-.'group,..of -English' -children -.arrived;..in' '.'the' United .' States to; seek temporary.' haven from German air attacks'. · · · ' In '1950," the. ; UEi'ted Nations 1 " .moved/.into-'its- permanent build: ing in New. York. 0ty.' How To Save Yourself From Credit Gougers SENATOR PAUL DOUGLAS is now touring Ihe grass roots to hold hearings on his Truth in Lending bill--under which all lenders and sellers on credit would be compelled by law to disclose their credit charges fully to Lhe borrower in terms of (1) total dollars and cents and (2) a simple, true annual percentage rate on the unpaid 'balance. Tlie Senale subcommittee which the Illinois Democrat heads was in New York Cily this past weekend, will be in Pittsburgh this Friday, Aug, 23, in Louisville Saturday. Douglas is adding more hundreds of pages of testimony to Ihe thousands he already has collected on the wonderland of credit charges in the U.S. today, where as one credit union manager put it, "Percentages multiply and divide at will, finance charges mn- lerialize on command and lees are collecled on the way out." The area which Douglas has been tackling with relentless energy In recent years is enormous, directly louches the lives of al- mnst every one of us. We owe over S235 billion in personal debts today, pay 515 to 51" billion a year in interest and finance charges. IN THE H,000-S7,300 income bracket, nine out of 10 families use some form of consumer credit, find if service credit is included, (he proportion approaches 100 per cent. Oul of every 5100 of after- l;x income, an American family on average pays SIS to meel in- stalment and mortgage debts. Borrowing lo buy is our way of life in America in rhis era and Ihe development of consumer credit has played and is playing a crucial role in our nation's economic growth and prosperity. Whether or when Douglas' bill w i l l pass cannot be predicted wilh assurance ill this point, tor opposition lo it continues powerful. His current out-of-town probe was approved by the Senate Banking Currency Committee only aflcr what he cfills "a terrific battle" and by a vole of eight to seven. To get this approval, he had to ;groe to spend no more lhan S-t,700 of o f f i c i a l funds on these hearings. But you. the borrower, do not have lo wait for a Truth in I/cnd- ing law to become informed on Roscoe Drummond interest and finance charges, to learn how to borrow wisely, to protect yourself against the racketeering fringe. TIIJS CA" be a do-it-yourself project, and all you need as tools are a few basic don'ts. (1) Don't borrow money from an unlicensed lender. If: the lender's license isn't prominently displayed, ask to see it and also ask whether he belongs to a national and state organization of lenders. If Ihe lender doesn't meet these minimum requirements, walk out. (2) Don't borrow any money until you understand what you're being charged for the privilege ot buying on the instalment plan or for your personal loan. The fact is a small service charge of 1% per cent on a store charge account often works out to a true annual rate of 18 per cent and a 3 per cont per month loan equals 36 per cent a year. The fact is that financing charges on used cars can run lo 25 per cent or more a year and "pennies a week" can mount up to 50 per cent or more a year. If you don't understand what the charges are, get advice from a responsible person . who does understand. (3) Don't sign any loan contract unless it contains a provision that you can repay ahead of schedule Jf you wish (o. If the contract doesn't include this clause, insist that it be put in. Ml Don't accept the tempting offer to "charge it" unless you are sure you will have the money to pay off when the bills come in and you are aware of any service fees for this charging privilege. Don't buy anything on credit unless you have a sound plan for repayment by deadline. (5) Don't buy on time until you have shopped for Oie besc buy in credit as you have shopped for the best buy in the product you're purchasing. There are many ways to get credit and Ihe differences in cost can be substantial. Study the alternatives, ask questions, shop, compare costs, decide which method is best for you. and then buy. If you will fellow these five rules, you'll not only save money and protect yourself. You'll also on your own virtually eliminate the abuses Douglas is attacking via his Truth in Lending bill. Congressional Group Seizes The Initiative WASHINGTON -- At last Congress has ihe perfect opportunity to seize- the legislative initiative. The occasion is created by the Hou.se Armed Services Subcommittee which, under the chairmanship of Rep. F. Edward Hebert, D., of Louisiana, has taken into its hands the decisive shaping of a national fallout shelter program to save lives in the event of nuclear attack. In announcing recently that his subcommittee had voted unanimously to support the concept of a shelter program and the means of carrying it forward, Chairman Hebert made this significant statement: "We intend to write our own bill. We' want it a tight one, a dear one. and one which keeps the Congress in constant control of Lhe program. "Until recently, civil defense has not had a good name. We are going to give it a good name, and we're going to give it a charter with clear direction." FOR A LONG time now nearly every piece of major legislation has been initiated by the President, written in detail in the executive branch of the government, and enacted under the pressure of the White House. To a very large degree Congress has either bien a transmission belt or a roadblock. Rarely has it ever taken a really serious and unresolved problem, come fully to grips with it, and decisively shaped its own answer. No wonder, in moments of candor and frustration, many Senators and Representatives have asked asked themselves: "When is Congress going to resume writing the law s of the land?" On a crucial and controversial issue the ingredients for this kind of Congressional initiative are now at hand. They have been brought into being by the creative action of the Hebert committee. Here is a committee which is itself shaping the legislation it will soon reoort to tlie. floor-, of the House, It proposes lo put the leadership of the Congress behind a shelter program 'and-.to retain sufficient control of . its. administration Chat it can.con- .tinuously .vouch for its value. Perhaps.the most significant aspect-of the', decision. of the House Armed' Services Subcommittee was Qs And As (j^-How was Lafayette jfmntcd United:';, States, ..citizenship? DM .Congress confer U. S. citizenship ·on General'talay'erte? A--Lafayette was made an honorary citizen by .two states before independence was achieved, and this, vyas carried over to the new nation''later. ' · . ' · . ' Oi^-What was the height ol Charles Strntlon famous as "C»-'n. Torn.' Thumb"? · -.A--UntiT'his early-teens he was only.;25'inches tall; later he'grew to be .40' inches tall - Its willingness to cast its vows counter to prevailing public opinion. Chairman Hebert said that most members of his committee considered it obvious that at the present time the nation has little interest or fairh in civil defense. "But." he asked, "are we in Congress going to reflect the apathy of our own people?" When the Hebert committee examined all the facts and arguments, pro and con. and listened to 10S different witnesses, they found their own skepticism dissolved. Their answer in the end was that a nation-wide public shelter program is in the national Interest, that it could save tens of millions of lives. TirE HEBERT committee did not leave it to the Administration to select the witnesses, either for or against, or to dominate the hearings. It heard all sides fully and found that the overwhelming- balance of evidence pointed to the conclusion which the committee itself ultimately embraced --'that a fallout shelter program, is needed, is desirable, is a source of survival in rhe event of attack and ;s morally right. It heard the opinions of the military and "the clergy, psychologists and scientists, labor leaders and industrialists. Governors. JIayors. architects and engineers. After beginning its studies totally doubtful of any shelter program.. it emerged totally convinced that public apathy will give way to public support if Congress discharges its own responsibility o[ leadership instead of accenting the role of passive followership. "We intend to write our own bill." Chairman Hebert said in behalf of his colleagues. The fallout shelter program which the committee will soon bring to the Door will be Congress's bill -- not a White HOUSE bill or a Defense Department bill. We will soon know in a very concrete way whether Congress wants, to seize the legislative leadership -- or just talk about.lt. In Oklahoma We hear the fastest-growing Wil- kinson-for-Senalor club is the one on the campus at Oklahoma State University. · ---- · 3 It's still pretty, eiirly foe developments, in the U.S. Senate race. Sonic voters haven't even decided lo be undecided; yet \ Raymond Gary says he. isn't ready to make an announcement about the Senale race, but some, of his supporters ace opening a campaign office.' With firends like those, who needs announcements?- The Sooner Cynic IK just waiting for. the day when Gary, asks Henry Bcllrnon to return the support Gary lent him last fall. ;,

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