I EDITORIALS OF iriia do not; know who wjeel winy Senor, B;uf I know who' wee! lose!' Page -1 Greenville, Miss., Thursday, May 27, 1065 Were U left to me (o decide whether we should have n government without newspapers or newspapers without government, 1 should not hesitate n moment to prefer llic latter. --Thomas Jefferson Another Special Session Issue There arc so many reasons why a special session should be held that it's almost impossible to keep' up with them. But not the least important is the neerl lo re- dislrict the state's congressional zones. As so many of our responsible leaders have been telling us lately, Mississippi is part of the Union. In today's Union, congressional districts within each slate must be as close in population as possible. Arkansas is facing this demand from the federal courts right now, with its legislature redrawing the congressional map for the state's four districts. Mississippi, with one district vastly out of line, must face the same test soon. Try as some might wish, there is no way to avoid the necessity of changing our congressional boundaries. The second district, which includes the Delta, remains a monument to political spite. It lias almost twice as many people as. lha next largest district in the- state, and all because the old guard plus the racists decided Rep. Frank Smith had to be eliminated in 1G62. * * * NOR WILL the legislature be able to get away wilh the kind of petty - politics gerrymandering which was once considered as n way to insure no district having a Negro majority. Congress is moving in this field, and one ;ilmosl certain stipulation is that all the counties in each district w i l l have to be relatively contiguous. That would mean that the monstrosity once seemingly certain of legislative approval putting Washington County in with Ncshoba County doesn't stand a prayer of approval. Yet something must be done, and before 1966's congressional elections. Otherwise almost anyone will be able to go to courl to force the elections' postponement until redistricting is accomplished -- and Ihe courts might very well he the ones doing (he redistricl- ing. That prospect docs not bother us half as much us what the legislature might do, when you get right down lo it, but we're sure it appalls the slate's "leadership" in Jackson. Thus at some point there wifj have to be legislative a lien lion paid lo redislricling, as most other states have already recognized. In Mississippi's case, il is just one more crucial mailer which cannot be postponed much longer. \ How To Build Boxing J Probably Ihe slrongest argu- tnent for the stale of professional boxing today that il demands so Sittle of our time. Â· Obviously in Tuesday's title fight champ and challenger alike realized that the public was nut j-eady to return to the fifteen round slugfests which seemed to Ihrill earlier boxing generations. j America is indeed fortunate to have as its top boxing luminaries buch men of vision. The problem is that what's left of America's legions of boxing fans could indeed have taken a wee bit more Jhan the 60 seconds worth of vig- 4orous activity broadcast Tuesday Evening from Lcwiston, Maine. ; Disbelievers are sure to cry foul. J'No 200 pound brute such as the jiimble tongued Listen is going to ibe downed, that quickly by the Louisville Lip." * Guest Editorial BUT WE will not be the ones to hint that the nation's diseased boxing profession would Eland for any hankic-pankie from ils star performers. We'll let established critics of the fight game speak for the bout. George Chuvalo, the Canadian heavyweight contender c a m e right oul and called (he fight "a fix." Joe Louis, one of boxing's greats, was a lillle more charil- able. He said, "11 sure didn't do boxing any good." We only wonder ff we aren't reaching a poinl of diminishing returns. The 50 and 75 round bare knuckle fights shrunk to the 15 round championships of Louis and Marciano. A 60-second championship fight just might be too much of a good thing. Prosperity Is Not Enough \ The United States, in the ordering of its domestic affairs, continues to offer to the world the curious spectacle of privale a f f l u - Â£nce in the midst of public pov- Â£rly. The economy is booming, profits and wages are rising, and yne slock market makes new highs; Â£ut public services are starved for funds. '; The nalion's schools, hospitals, libraries, museums, parks and qharitable agencies are short of fijlly trained professional em- jiloyes. Buildings are overcrowded and salaries are low. Tn New "Â£ork, the problem of staffing schools in Harlem and nlher slum areas is critical. In Oklahoma, teachers are contemplating what would be, in effscl, a statewide boycott because of chronically low salaries. J '* * * | MANY SMALL towns across the nation are desperate lo recruit cloclors who will serve as general practitioners, and the doctor shortage is worsening. Yet all Ihe while the sales of air-conditioned luxury automobiles, of mink coats, of gourmet foods and imported vinl- age wines steadily rise. lEconomisIs have long been fa- jiniKar with these slark contrasts between what they call the public and the private sectors of Ihe economy. Their concerns entered the general stream of nalional po- l(tical debate in the late nineleeri- fiflies. The Rockefeller Fund re- pprts called attention to the acc irnulation of unfilled national r L'ecls. President Eisenhower ra- a :ted lo the growing uneasiness by appointing a Commission on the Is ational Purpose. The Kennedy "New Frontier" and the Johnson "tiroat Society" programs developed out of (his same feimenl. Halfway through this dcca.de, however, the country has not yet made much actual progress in overcoming these deficiencies. The anlipoverly and Federal education programs are only now rjofliiifl under way. Other programs under consideration in Congress show some promise of helping to close the gap. Uul there are disquieting signs lhat the President and Congress do nol f u l l y comprehend Ihe dimensions of (he problem or are u n w i l l i n g to face up lo them. One such sign is Mr. Johnson's espousal of l u x u r y excise lax reductions. Reducing such taxes in the way proposed doesn't do much lo improve or enlarge essential public services. Another such sign was the resistance within the House Public Works Committee to und e r t a k i n g an rffoclive--and necessarily expensive--- water pollution program. The Federal Government, like the states, has Iried to evade action on railroad passenger service, which steadily deteriorates. The moral of these prosperous years is plain: prosperity is 7iot enough. Private spending and pri- vale initiative cannot clear tho smoggy air, clean the polluted rivers or a b o l i s h the hideous slums. More money in privale pockets cannot teacli a child, police a dark street or enable an overworked doctor to he two places at once. If the national purpose of a just, compassionate and truly frc" society is lo he achieved, (he President, t h o Congress ,niul an informed electorate must see lo il lhal the public needs of the n a t i o n a l community are fully met. They are not being met now. The nation's priorities rrp s t i l l out of order.--(New York Times) HODDING CARTEl; Editor and Publisher iiqnniNG CARTKK in JOHN T. GIKSON Associate Editor and Publisher General Manager Distributed by King Feature! Syndicate r Thank Goodness LBJ Didn't Enter;) His Beagle In Washington Pet Show| Aft WASHINGTON - The Northwest Settlement House in Washington. D. C, held a charity pet show at Hickory M i l l , Ihe homo of Sen. and Mrs. Kolxjrt Kennedy, and as luck would have il, I ha|pcned to he one of the judges. Judging a pet show can be a very difficult proposition under nny circumstances, b'.il jixlging one :it tiV home of the Kennedys can be almost impossible. It is no secret the Kennedys like Jo win at anything they com- lete in ami a pet show is no exception. When f first arrived, Elhcl Kennedy said she didn't want (o du anything to influence my judging, but she introduced me to each one of her children "just so you will know who they are." There were about 500 children, including my own, competing for nine classes of prizes, and each mother kept a beady eye on me as I trial to judge the winners. The first category Rave us no trouble because il had to do wilh cats and the Kennedys had failed to enter it. But I k n e w I was in (rouble with the second class, w h i c h was feathered birds. One of the Kcnnixly children had entered two biuls in this class and, when he only won second prize, a louk t;f horror appeared on Kthel Kennedy's face. T shrugged my shoulders ami tried not to look at her. The next class was fish ami Ihe first prize went to (hi* person with Ihe largest fish. Hubby Kennedy J r hail pxie down lo his pond and brought back a t r o u l , which put everyone else's goldfish (o shame. I hail no choice but to give him a blue ribbon. Many of Ihe ir.otliers started m u t l r r i n g ar.d we were forced In make an announcement: "The judges would appreciate it if Mrs. Kennedy did not applaud so loudly \slien one of her children wins a pri^c." In t h e trick class t h e oldest of Ihe Kennedy children, Joe Kennedy, produced a giant Newfoundland named firunis. Hru- mLs's (ricks consislcd of attacking olher dogs, children, and adults, ar.d Mrs. Rowland Evans, ilia chairman of the pet show, ordered him cut of the ring, .loe Kennedy and E I h e I Kennedy were in tears. Then we got to the most unusual pel class. This was a tough one, because one of [he Kennedy children brought in cither a large lizard or a small alligator. My eight-year-old daugh'.er had entered a hamster and I was in a toagh spot. Mrs. Kennedy kept lugging my arm and my laughlcr kept tugging my shirt. I decided lhat there was a lie for first place --- the Kennedy child for the most unusual pet and my daughter was given first prize for "the most unusual hamster entered by a child whose father was n judge." This didn't go over very w e l l wilh Ihe other mothers, nor wilh the fathers who were (here. Teddy Kennedy wanted lo know why his kid didn't get a prize for her goldfish and Mrs. Stephen Smith, sister of Teddy, insisted her son's snake had been discriminated against. I g a v e Iliem each honorable mentions. The dog class gave me (he most trouble. For one thing, Mrs. Kennedy sent Brwnis back into [he ring, and he had lo he thrown out again. F o r another, almost every child there had a dog, including my own son's basset hound. I pretended I didn't know who my son was and gave him a blue ribbon for having the dog with the longest nose, and then I gave Sargent Shriver's daughter a blue ribbon for best pair of dogs in the show. This made Mrs. Donald Wilson, wife of lha Deputy Direclor of the USIA, furious and she threatened lo report me to the Westminster Kennel Club. Mrs. Shriver said that if Mrs. Wilson did she would put in a good word for me. The Kennedys, [he Shrivers, and the Smith children walked off with about 20 blue ribbons and five secret service m e n had to escort me off the grounds through a crowd of lynch-mind- cd mothers. But il could have been worse. Lyndon Johnson could have enlered his beagle, and then I really would have been in a fix. Â· ^ fiemett Try And Stop A HOTLY CONTESTED ball game was in progress in a remote seclion of a Hawaiian island when n wild boar suddenly hriltcd frnm the weeds and charged at the terrified villager playing left field. The fielder was lucky. At Ihi.s precise moment the I n t l e r rifled a hit bo- livcc'ti third base and short slop. The ball hit Ihe boar amidships. The bnar slopped in his tracks, then grabbed the ball in his mouth, swallowed it, and vanished back i n t o Ihe woods. Me have you seen her agent, "but LATELY?" * * * ADVICE lo mothers from Dan Greenbiirgh: "Unless you dcliberatlcy set aside a little time for regular relaxation, you will not be able (o efficiently care for your family. Therefore, plan lo relax a m i n i m u m cf an hour and a half every f i f teen years." The umpire equal lo the promptly nilrcl tEie-pork lioinc proved lie was occasion. Jle iJiu hit an inside- run. A ]crsis(cnt Hollywood agent [ric-il m vain lo persuade a producer to sij;n his client, a lovely Inukinft jjirl who u n f o r t u n a t e l y was six and a half feet tall. "I've I old you ;t hundred times.' the producer said flatly, "she's loo mil," "I know," agreed llic c) ISM, By Bennett Cerf. Dis- Iributcu by King Features Syndicate. Bolivian Ambassador Was Surprise! To Sen. Wayne Morse Of Oregon WASHINGTON -- Son. Wayne Morse, the indomitable Democrat from Oregon, is famous lor having once established lire Sen- ntc's longest speaking record, for cupping blue ribbons (or his English red Devon cattle, nnd f o r h i s urelcntinf; b a t t l e ogainst military take - overs in Latin America. The other day Morse received a call from a handsome young diplomat who introduced himself: "f am the new Bolivian Ambassador, and 1 represent the new military junta. I know that you don't like military j u n - tas. However, I came to see you anyway." The acid - tongucd Senator frnm Oregon chuckled, settled down for a good talk with the new Ambassador. And though Mors; didn't relent in his opposition to military revolts, ho came to the conclusion that since this government was already in power he might as well give it n sympathetic hearing. The young man who came to Bee him, Ambassador Julio San- jines, is a unique Bolivian. To help the long-dcnresscd Indian )Xpulation of liis country, he gave away one ir.illion acres of his land for Indhn resettlement. Furthermore, Sac.jines did this while in exile and at odds with Estcnsorro. Ambassador Sanjines was educated at Iowa State and West Point. In Bolivia lie put the army to work at such nonmilitary projects as irrigation, well - drilling and health, instead of politics. Though exiled for a t i m e by tire N a t i o n a l Revolutionary Movement," he believes in their policies namely, higher faxes for the wealthy and dividing up the land to put the Indian population on the land. The new president of Bolivia, Gen. Rene Barrientos Ortuno, got his training at Randolph and Kelly Fields with the U. S. Air Force, is also a believer in the fundamentals of "national revolution." He has also carried ttic quarrel of ex-President P a z with Vice President Juan Lechin one step further. Lechin, sometimes called Ihe "John L. Lewis" of Ihe Bolivian (in miners, had incurred the ire of pro - labor President Paz by leading frequent strikes in the (in mines, thereby pricing Bolivian lin almost out of the world market. President Barrientos has now sent Lcchin into exile which has brought a sitdown in government -- owned mines and the call of a general strike against the government. The new military regime is countering by urging production in 2CO smaller privately owned tin mines. As Ambassador Sanjines explained it to Morse: "We arc for the principles of the revolution and we want to continue the division of Ihe land among (he Indian population. But we are not going '.o let one union dominate the country. Government operation has not worked with Ihis union in control, so now we are going to try private enterprise." The Ambassador points to the fact that the Gulf Oil Company has invested $100,000,000 in bring several productive wells, and its property has been pro- lected. "In these days when the production of tin in Indonesia and Viet Nam is highly uncertain," says the Ambassador, "Bolivian lin may be the most important source for Ihe United States, and we have to keep it moving." Arkansas' dour Sen. John McClellan, who has made a senate career of investigating the shenanigans and conflicts of federal officials, has now turned up with a conflict of his own. He didn't mention it when he launched his latest investigation into bank failures, but he happens to he an active director of tire First National Bank of Little Rock, Ark. This is one of the old-line b a n k s , a financial Go'ialh whose dominance over the bank- ing business was never challenged until James J. Saxon becama comptroller of the currency four years ago. Boldly, Saxon granted, bank charters to outsiders, including Negroes and Jews, hitherto shut out of most banking circles. These new banks have compelled the encrusted old financial houses lo become mora competitive. Only two national banks have failed since Saxon started his banking revolution. During tho same period, seven slate banks have failed. McClellan, however, has concentrated all his firs on Saxon and the federal failures. The Senator has promised lo investigate state banks, too, but so far hasn't got around to it. Meanwhile, he has been muller- ing darkly about the need for a reorganization of federal banking agencies. Significantly, the proposed reorganization woukl abolish Saxon's job, thus remove a thorn frnm the side of McClellan's banking buddies. The Divine Right of Kings was vetoed by the thirteen colonies back in 1776. But the Justice Department today features the divine right of succession. If you are the son of somebody important, you can get a job In tha Justice Department, to w i t , Ramsey Clark, Deputy Attorney General, the son of Justice Tom Clark; Fred Vinson, Jr., Assistant Attorney General, the son of the late Chief Justice Vinson; Edwin L. Weisl, Jr.,, Assistant Attorney General, son of the New York lawyer who is a private White House adviser. All t h r e e , incidentally, are good men, but the fact that they are the sons of eminent fathers did not hurt n bit . . . . Space scientists have warned that the Russians are concentrating on interplanetary t r a v e l . Mora than 25 per cent of their rockets have been aimed at the moon and various planets as against only 6 |cr cent of similar spaci shots by the United States. -r.^r.i3EH OutlvOk -:i Disaster Faces State Democrats Unless Fast Action Forthcoming \l Paul The sorry plight in which the Mississippi Democratic Party finds itself will not be reflected in the municipal general election coming up next month, but the deteriorating situation b u s alarmed some state politicians who see disaster on the horizon unless something is done soon to replace the factionalism of Mississippi Democrats with some sort of an effective organiation. In cities where the Democratic nominees are faced by GOP opposition, the paradox is compounded by the fact that most Democrats are expected to win easily. * * * YES, T.Vr.N the most optimistic of Democrats find little to encourage them about Ihe future prospects of their party. The truth is that Die Democratic parly in Mississippi has never really functioned as a political party in traditional two-par- ly politics. Instead, in a state where until recently the Democratic nomination was the same thing as election to the office, Ihe slate parly has been more of a paper tiger whose leaders often as not reflected (he factional politics of the governor in power. Tn the past it has not only been possible, but it has been fashionable to be a Mississippi Democrat, while stoutly and vocally maintaining complete estrangement a n d independence from the national party organization and policies. .aT.'^ Belgium Political Coalition Is In Trouble In Hmsspls, P.iul Ilenri-Spnak s.ndly sijr\cyed the wreckage cf (lie crcililion which line! ruled Belgium since April 25. 19C1, and declared "... I am concerned abtju'. ll'.c future uf our count ry." He had re.tson. l-'or Ihe differences between Ihe l-'remb-spcakin;; South :nid Ihe Ki-iiiislMpraliinR N o r t h , whj-h lud plagued liclfiuni for Minn- i l u i i 100 years (if ils l.'Vi- year iiuli-pendenl history. (in:il- ly l::id expressed llu-msi'lves forcefully ;it the polls. And Spank, n one-lime secre- l.iry |;e.ncr;d of NATO, vice premier of Belgium and a forceful exponent of a politically uni- fied Europe, was in danger of seeing his uwn country divided. Since IM1 Ihe coalition of Christian Scci.ilisls and Socialists had labored manfully to compromise Iho antagonisms of Ihe hvo language groups. t Â· * A compromise hnguage law in IW4 h;ul mnde l-lemish, a ficrmanic longue, Ihe official language iif I h e N n r l h , a n d l''rc-nr)i trie language of the. South. T.V law also provide;! t h a t hoth would le official l a n - guages in Brussels, the capital. Il failed lo satisfy the ex- Iremisls on cither :;ide who de- mjnd .separate Hcmi.sh and Walloon (Trench - speaking) slates loosely linked wilh Brussels as a federated capital. In Sunday's elections both coalition parties lost heavily to the extremists on Ihe left and lo the arch-conservalive Party for I.ilwrty and Progress. The latter also had rejected Ihe compromise language law in favor of lotal language f r e e d o m throughout Ihe nation. And .so (Ki Monday, Christian .Socialist Premier Tlieo l.efcvre. who sliMl for "one economy, one society, one Belgian nation," submitted his resignation lo (he king. Belgium's language difficulties po back to the period between 18.10 and 1850. In IfKO, economic (roubles brctighl on by the loss of the Congo and an antiquated industrial structure, began bringing them to a painful head. * * * In Ihe Walloon-speaking areas coal mines were closing and industry was finding it could not compele wilh Ihe modern machinery of Ihe West Germans and others among Belgium's neighlxirs. 17\c results were strikes and bloody rioting. On iheir side Ihe Flemish charged t h a t the governmcnl was not truly bi-lingu.il and that Ihe greatest economic benefits were going to the Walloons. Between tlift two groups serious clashes occurred. Three things have happened lo put a different face on t h e si (n a lion. One of Ihese is a mandate from the national party to include Negroes in party activities as a prerequisite for participation in national conventions. Another is the sharp contrast between' the state Republican party's enticement of young people into party affairs and places of influence as opposed to t h e closed door policies of the Mississippi Democrals. The t h i r d element involved is the continuing pressure of radical civil rights bi-racial activists in the Mississippi Freedom Democrat Parly. * t + THOUGH THIS group has failed Iwice to obtain a nalional charter for an official Young Democratic organization in Mississippi, the odds are very good that they will succeed in being granted a charter if the matter comes (o the floor of Ihe national YD convention in New York in October. This would be a breakthrough for them as it would give them an official status with tlie national party and a base of operations from which they could work to transform the official senior Democratic parly in Mississippi into a largely all-Negro aggregation. In the meantime, t h o u g h there is general agreement that the Mississippi Democratic organization is heading for disaster, no ore seems to want lo lake the initiative in doing anything aboul it. One reason is that in the politics of transition, politicians who take (he lead in implementing the change would most likely be crucified for Iheir efforts. The other reason is there are powerful old line politicians in Ihe state who are content with Iheir own fictional organizations and don't particularly want Ihe waler muddied up with an effective Democratic organization that could deal directly with the nalional party. * * AN UNANSWERED letter In Governor Johnson's correspondence file reflects Ihe frustration lhal some forward looking young political comers in the stale feel about Ihe matter. The privale letter from a stale legis- lalor urges the governor take the lead in rejuvenating the state Democratic parly a l o n g Ihe lines that w i l l be required to make it effective and keep thÂ« parly connection with Ihe nalion- al Democrats from being captured by disruptive radicals 1 i k Â« Lawrence Guyot, the chairman of the left wing Freedom Democrats. This legislator urged (he governor (o move on his lOfit plan to have a committee study the state's future course with t h e national party and recommended the opening of a fulltime office lo assist Democratic candidates in their struggle with the pesky and growing Mississippi GOP. Privately, a number of other politicians in the state seeing the handwriting on the w a l l , agree with the need for aclion. "If we don't do something." says a young south Mississippian who was a loyal Paul Johnson supporter in J963, "a Democrat won't be able to get elected dog-catcher in ten years." This young man, who has political ambitions of his own, would like to see Ihe party image cast into a more attractive mold so lhat more young people could find a political identity as a Mississippi Democrat. "B i d w e 11 Adams ought to resign and make room for some younger leadership," he grumbles. Adams, a former Lt. Governor under Bilbo, is a colorful old line Democratic loyalist. The Gulfport altorney has presided over the state's strange and sometimes shaky affiliation wilh the party since he was elected state chairman in 1958. * Â« Â» IN THE past, Mississippi Democrals have been able lo have Iheir political cake and eat it too. They have been able to embrace or reject the national party as It suited their purposes, and there has been no cms on the state scene lo effectively call their hands. Now however, the situation has changed. Continued inaction on Ihe part of sjalc Democratic leaders could very well lead lo the disaster which many political leaders have been discussing in private f o r Ihe past several weeks. It remains lo be seen whether any significant state Democrat will take the ball and run with it. Whatever happens,. the outcome will have a profound effect on the politics of Mississippi in the years ahead.
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