Battle Creek Enquirer from Battle Creek, Michigan on October 4, 1957 · Page 1
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Battle Creek Enquirer from Battle Creek, Michigan · Page 1

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Battle Creek, Michigan
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Friday, October 4, 1957
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Page 1
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T H E B A T T L E CREEK ENQUIRER and NEWS ANN LANDERS . . . gives straight-forward answers to other people's problems, . daily The Weather Fair with Chance Of Frost Tonight FIFTY-EIGHTH YEAR BATTLE CREEK, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 4, 1957 24 PAGES 2 SECTIONS CITY EDITION PRICE 7 I m pa rt ia I Area Su ryey P ro poses: ! i: EW PU A new concept of local government which chal lenges the imagination and which is unlike anything in existence anywhere has been recommended to Battle Creek and Battle Creek Township as the means of solv ing their mutual problems. ( The bold recommendation comes from the Public Administration Service of Chicago, an independent research organization which devoted seven months to studying the city's and township's problems and resources. Its survey was made possible by a $10,000 grant from the W. K. Kellogg Foundation, made at the joint request of the Battle Creek City Commission and the Battle Creek Township Board of Trustees. The full report and recommendations run to 186 pages. In effect, the Public Service Administration recom mends that the citizens of the present city and township unite in the formation of a new city, complete with a new charter, a realignment of representation of the new city's governing body and the establishment of what might be termed a "pay-for-what-you-receive" method of taxation. The plan would be carried out through elective processes. ' Public Presentation Oct. 16 The recommendation passes over all present, known solutions of urban growth problem and municipal expansion such as annexation, consolidation, federation, metropolitan districts. City and township officials will meet with PAS rep resentatives next Wednesday for their first discussion of the report. Meanwhile, the officials themselves are getting their first look at it. A mass meeting for a formal presentation of the report to the public is planned for Wednesday night, October 16, at the W. K. Kellogg Auditorium. The report is so revolutionary in its scope and approach that the PAS points out that new enabling legislation undoubtedly would be needed to implement it. : It is conceivable that the "Battle Creek Plan," as it might very well become known, could Tiecome the model for other cities seeking solutions to their growth problems, so common throughout the country. PAS concludes that the greater Battle Creek area already is a social-economic entity which is divided only governmentally. Hoffa Elected by Teamsters efroit Union Leader Easily Wins Election Prepares Defense Against Charges By AFL-CIO Group MIAMI BEACH, Fla. W James R. Hoffa today won election as president of the scandal - scarred Teamsters union by a margin of well over 4 to 1 over two oppo nents. - The 44-year-old Detroit union leader took over command of the nation's biggest labor organ ization despite scandal in which he himself has been heavily involved. Polls Over Half With nearly two-thirds of the voting among teamster convention delegates completed, Hoffa had more than half of the total 1,754 votes to be cast. At that point Hoffa had 878,! against 98 for Thomas J. Hag- A single vote of Local 34, General Chauffeurs, Teamsters & Helpers, which represents Battle Creek area members, was cast for Hoffa. The delegate in Miami is John W. Ford of Battle Creek, who is secretary-treasurer and business agent of the local. Local 7 in Kalamazoo cast both its votes for Hoffa. Local 20 in Toledo, Ohio unanimously went for Hoffa with 10 votes. gerty of Chicago and' 192 for William A. Lee. also of Chicago. Eight hundred and seventy-seven votes were required. Lee and Haggerty had' campaigned as cleanup candidates, but the convention delegates chose to reject the mass of union corruption charges against Hoffa, retiring union President Dave Beck and other high teamster bosses. Ouster Expected Hoffa's election as president of the 1 million member union was expected to bring its ouster from the parent AFL-CIO. The federation has labeled Hoffa as corrupt and called for his ouster from organized labor. Delegates voted by voice as their names were called. Hoffa had told newsmen earlier . "we will fight to re main in the AFL-CIO." He made it clear he will challenge AFL-CIO President George Meany in Meany's own bailiwick over an ultimatum to the teamsters to get rid of corrupt influences or face expulsion from the labor combine. Beck, Hoffa and two other teamster officials are charged with various counts of misconduct, including misuse of union funds, by the AFL-CIO and the senate labor rackets investigating committee. fliismiiimnfflnfmnifinniinnnraimimiiiimmiiffiiifniRtmiiiinnintifflffltfffliiii Earthling Mars Venus Tale with Fraud Ending WASHINGTON (if) Harold J. Berney, a sign painter alleged to have claimed that he visited the planet Venus on a space ship, pleaded guilty yesterday, to fraud by wire and false pretenses. He faces a maximum of eight years in prison and a S1.000 fine. U.S. District Judge James Morris deferred sentence pending a probation report. Berney was accused of claiming that while on Venus he had learned how to produce a "magnetic flux modulator" having an energy potential far greater than that of atomic energy. He was indicted on charges of obtaining $12,500 under false pretenses from Miss Pauline E. Goebel, a Washington secretary. She said that actually she had turned over about $40,000 to Berney between 1952 and last fall, supposing he was investing the money in his project. Berney, 59, was quoted as saying he had inspected a space ship which had landed in Texas and had flown in the ship to Venus with Prince Ucellus of Venus, with a stopover on the moon. While on Venus, he reportedly said he had learned how to make the power plant. linnimiinititiRimimiiniinniHfiiiiniinifiHifijtiiiEmrirituitititimiiitniiiiiiMimitti f- '- " f- rz ' . -, v -1 mmmmmummmmemmmmmmmmmmmr, rvim mt iiimwiii mirn imi m Liktm in in i Wirephoto. A KISS FOR CHARLIE Secretary of Defense Charles E. Wilson gets a kiss from his wife, Jessie, as the couple leaves a special retreat review at Ft. Myer, Va. Troops of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps and Air Force marched in the parade followed by an Air Force fly-by formation overhead in the farewell ceremony to Secretary Wilson, who is retiring as secretary of defense. Here's How New Plan Would Benefit All Here are some of the chief advantages claimed by the Public Administration Service for its new concept of government for a -Greater Battle Creek: The present "fragmentation of local government" would be done away with and the area could come under one governing body in a new city. "A sound and effective plan for the orderly development of the area can be prepared that will protect the legitimate interests of farmers, industrialists, businessmen and home owners alike, and that will prevent encroachment upon those interests throughout the foreseeable future." . "The land resources of the area can be made to serve the needs of the community that require large land sites, through the development of convenient recreation areas, the provision of additional industrial sites and the preservation of agricultural uses." "Preservation of the public, safety will be considerably enhanced through uniform application and enforcement of protective inspectional codes and the ready availability of powerful police and fire forces throughout the city." "Public works planning, construction and maintenance can be made consistent and standards of construction can be developed that reflect actual needs and use." "Machinery will be created whereby public utilities (such as sewer and water) can be provided wherever they are needed and feasible." "The tax base of Greater Battle Creek, which was created jointly by the endeavors of the total community, will be available to a government that serves the entire area and which contributes to the wealth and growth of the Battle Creek community as a whole." For a thorough digest of the PAS report and recommendations, read the accompanying story. Under the plan, the jurisdictions would establish a charter commission to draft a brand new charter for the government to be formed. The governing body of the new city would be composed of five members, one representing the city, one representing the township and three members being elected at large. These five elected officials would supplant the present city commission and the township board of trustees. Easier than Annexation Other neigliboring jurisdictions Springfield and the other three townships could come into the plan and into the new city with much less effort and trouble than is possible through annexation. As each jurisdiction is added, two members would be added to the city's legislative body, be it called a council, commission or whatever. One of the additional members would represent the area coming in and the other would be elected at large. ' Acceptance of the plan by all the Battle Creek metropolitan area, including Springfield and the four townships, would call for a 13-member legislative body, one member of which would be chosen from each existing jurisdiction and seven members of which would be elected at large. The plan provides for the majority membership to be elected at large to insure thinking for the benefit of the entire area, while representatives of specific areas would serve as a check and balance to protect the areas they represent. . Within the new city, service districts would be established and with them the "pay-for-what-you-receive" form of taxation. There would be established an urban service district ". . . within the city to include the densely settled areas which require and can be furnished with services not generally available throughout the (new) city ... At the time of the original organization of the metropolitan city, the urban service district should consist only of territory now included in incorporated cities, and township areas requiring urban services should become part of the urban district only in accordance with defined procedure." Basic Service Charge In addition, there could be established special service districts depending on services rendered. Basically the entire area of the new city would pay Troops Maintain Order At Little Rock Today MXON IS RESTING MIAMI, Fla. (P) Vice President Richard Nixon is spending a long week-end relaxing at a resort hotel here. "He's tired and just wants to fake it easy," said C. G. Rebozo, a close friend. LITTLE ROCK, Ark. un An escort of soldiers encountered no trouble in taking nine Negro students into Central High School .for a 10th day of integrated classes. About 100 white students were massed before the front entrance of the school. Three or four of them displayed small Confederate flags but there was none of the hooting nor jeering that marked the last two days All Present Today All the Negroes were present today. Yesterday one of the six Negro girls was absent because of illness. Sixteen rifle-carrying National Guardsmen escorted the Negroes halfway across the campus. There four regular Army paratroopers met the Negroes and took them the rest of the way into the school. There was no sign of the .75 white students who walked out of Central High yesterday in what was scheduled as a mass demonstration but turned out to be a flop. They were either absent today or else inside seeking to make their peace with school officials, who had threatened them all with suspension. Attendance at the school to day was reported at 1,725 by Supt. of Schools Virgil Blossom, a drop of 58 under Wednesday when attendance reached its peak since integration began. Blossom refused to say how many of the 265 absent students were under suspension deadlocked today in their ef forts to solve the integration crisis. No one had come up with a new plan under which federal troops might be removed. Gov. Luther Hodges of North Carolina, chairman of a southern group of governors who met with President Eisenhower in an unsuccessful effort to solve the problem, simply said: "We've got to have a few days to let this thing cool off." The nine Negroes entered the school Sept. 25 under guard of federal troops flown here under orders of Eisenhower. Paratroopers of the 101st Airborne (Please Turn to Page 8, Col. 5) Mollet Called Back For Premiership PARIS (IPI President Rene Coty called on ex-Premier Guy Mollet today to become France's new premier and tackle the job of solving the crises at home and abroad. Coty sent his limousine for the Socialist leader after three days of consultations With his political experts. Socialist sources said Mollet was anxious to take over and end the worst French political crises since the war. However, they said he went to the presidential palace with a set of conditions that would make thej rightwing Conservatives recoil. I Police Blackjack, Gas Rioting Polish Students WARSAW W) Communist authorities today threatened "severe sanctions" against students who took part in Warsaw's first anti-government demonstration since Wladyslaw Gomulka came to power. Riot police backed by worker militia men battled about 2,000 students in a melee of tear gas, rubber truncheons and bricks last night outside the Warsaw Polytechnic School. The students were protesting suppression of their newspaperr About 30 students were reported under arrest. Ten police were injured by bricks rained down from windows of a student boarding house and by paving stones hurled in the streets. Several .students were treated for effects of tear gas and bruises from truncheons. ' All morning papers carried this warning to the students: "It is understood the rector of Polytechnic has said severe sanctions will be taken against participants (in the demonsrta-tion), including expulsion from college." The official account said the police had arrested "those who were the most aggressive." The demonstration was the taxes to finance what are called "general services," such st imi Httiiri mi iitKHimitnnH chmi muHi mi minmii; if i ititn mi f nm nti it it i(ti4 m ftflfmuniiw kh mnanm; ommHitinrnf 1 w HiwfmtwHmfwottHHMn n iwinm it rnHf fim ' a s the general administration,- legislative services, court services, planning and zoning, urban redevelopment, engineering services, protective inspectional services, parks and recreation administration, and law enforcement. In the urban district, the "urban functions" of storm sewer construction and maintenance, street lighting and fire protection would be included and the taxes to finance these services levied accordingly. "There may be a need for districts within the city other than the urban service district described," the report states. "A special district of this kind might bs required, for example, to provide street lights in an outlying built-up community of 50 houses, or to correct a serious drainage problem that cannot be tied in with the urban storm sewer system ..." "Whatever the purpose of a special district, it should levy a local tax sufficient to defray the cost thereof," the report continues. "In. order to insure orderly development and, when appropriate, abolition of such districts, the same general procedure should be used in creating them as is recommended for the urban service district. The governing body of the city should be the governing body of each special district, and no district should ever have any employes of its own. All service to the districts should be rendered by the city, reimbursed as necessary by the proceeds of special district taxes." " first break between the Communist Party and its officially sponsored Union of Socialist Youth. The students are planning another protest meeting tonight. Mackie Plans 4-Lane M-78, Battle Creek to Charlotte By WILLARD BAIRD Of Our State Bureau LANSING State Highway Commissioner John C. Mackie wants to convert M-78 into a four-lane divided highway from Battle Creek to Charlotte. , He .talked of it yesterday as a project which might be included in the State Highway Department's second five-year construction program, starting in 1962. The subject came up Plan World Flight Over Both Poles WASHINGTON P) Plans for1 a round-the-world air flight crossing both South and North Poles, and named in honor of the late Adm. Richard E Byrd, were announced today. It would be the first such crossing of the bottom and top of the world in a continuous More Users To Share Cost The report states further: "The recommended merger will make general sup- iport even more appealing because a higher percentage rt lipase iirill a rf irino f in rr n ' tVlo frtcf than series of hops, said Cmdr. Fred-! ui "ocl erick G. Dustin, USN, Washing- present .. . ton. an Antarctic veteran and, laApayeis uuisiuc we uiuau suvac luotiii-t. win while Mackie was talking to newsmen after he had. an nounced his ambitious 250,000,000, five-year trunk line improvement plan start ing this year. Opposing sides were still' M-78 already has been made a Researchers Believe Clues To Cause of Cancer Found SAN FRANCISCO W Re searchers at the University of. California virus laboratory say two clues one involving the mutation of cells might possibly lead them to the cause of cancer. The search centers on the mutation of cells of the womb sac that surrounds the unborn infant and in tiny particles that appear spontaneously in various malignant cells. Leads Revealed Nobel prize-winner Wendell Stanley and Dr. Uobley Williams revealed the leads for the first time yesterday in a report to the California division of the American Cancer Society.' The society supports their work. Dr." Stanley said the sac tis sues readily grew in test tubes, (animals, caused cancer, providing an ideal material in'tion of the original cells which to cultivate viruses. , directly from a mother at birth, As reproduction continues, he caused no cancer. Injec-taken explained, parts are placed in other test tubes and they form the nuclei for further independent colonies. Somewhere in this process mutation occurs, he said. Doubled in Number Dr. Stanley said this phase of the search now seeks the exact moment when the cells become cancer -causing. If the point of change or mutation can be determined, he explained, then microscopic and chemical Dr. Stanley and his colleaguesj tests may show how a human found the " cells, after several or animal cell suddenly turns generations, were not identical : cancerous, with those of the parent tissue. They had doubled the number of their chromosomes the genetic sections that establish heredi tary traits. Identical Particle Dr. Williams told how he found in dozens of different types of cancer during micro- irr,-i,t i, ii. , j scopic e .a nun a ill) MS a. seemingly theTfoud the mulated ceSs;lidentical Particle not Present in when injected into laboratory! (Please Turn to Page 2, Col. 7) four-lane divided highway be tween Charlotte and Lansing. Mackie was asked whether he intended to continue the four- lane route from Charlotte on M-78 toward Battle Creek or on US-27 toward Marshall and Coldwater. "Both," he replied. Mackie also said his department had asked the federal Bureau of Public Roads to designate an additional interstate highway route in Michigan which would follow US-27 northward from the Indiana line. Such designation would make the construction eligible for 90 per cent federal aid. Indiana to Port Huron The proposed route would bypass Coldwater, Tekonsha and In Your Paper Today Page Births 7 Comics 19 Crossword Puzzle 15 Editorials, Columnists 6 News Notes : 9 Radio and TV 10 Regional News 3, 4 Sports 16, 17, 18 Stock Markets 20 Watchman (On Vacation) Weather 2 Where to Go . 2 Women's News ' 13, 14 Marshall and continue along M-78 from Charlotte to Lansing and Flint, connecting at Flint with M-21 and proceeding eastward to Port Huron. US-27 already is in the highway program as a four-lane express-please Turn to Page 8, Col. 2) close friend of Byrd's. Byrd had flown over, both poles in separ ate expeditions. Dustin said the flight, fin anced by a group of businessmen, is scheduled to leave Bos ton about Nov. 10. ' Dustin announced this planned itinerary: - Boston to Trinidad, to Buenos Aires, to Punta Arenas and Mc-Murdo Sound. Then to Christ-church, N.A., Melbourne and Darwin, Australia; Manila, Tokyo, Anchorage, Alaska and then over the North Pole to Thule, Greenland. From there' to London, Frankfurt, Paris and back to Boston. The flight is expected to take at least two weeks. Police to Be Stiff On Crossing Laws Chief of Police George Cheek this morning warned pedestrians and motorists alike of a stepped-up enforcement program of crossing laws, partially brought about by the new one-way street plan. "Pedestrians, accustomed to watching for only one lane of traffic in each direction, are forgetting about the other two lanes on Michigan avenue now and are stepping in front of cars," Chief Cheek said. "Drivers1 are v not showing due caution for pedestrians." Today -and tomorrow,' warn ings still will be given both pedestrians and driving violators, the chief said, but tickets wiu be issued as of Monday. The chief of police pointed out the drivers turning from or into Michigan avenue are not giving the pedestrians the right-of-way when the walk lights are on. Pedestrians are not using due caution at the between-the-intersection crosswalks and are stepping in front of traffic and on some occasions the drivers in the lanes farthest from the pedestrian cannot see him, the chief said. "We are hopeful that the situation will partially correct itself as citizens become more accustomed to one-way streets," said Chief Cheek. "In the meantime, we feel we must step up enforcement of crossing laws to protect the public from a serious or possibly fatal accident." be paying for their share of - general services from the first, and the services certainly should be rendered immediately. Citizens can be expected to wait for utility services (such as water and sewer) or for those where plant extensions are required, primarily because they will not be asked to pay for them in the meantime. This argument has, however, no validity with respect to general services. "The creation of an urban service district is essential to the successful merger of governmental units as proposed in this report .. ." Two of the arguments against annexation attempts have involved taxation and representation in the government. The report dismisses both of these as problems. Representation from the segments of the new city would be assured while the tax aspect would be such that , an agricultural area in the present township limits, for example, would not be paying taxes for city government services it did not receive. Neither would other areas of the new city pay taxes to finance the correction of, say, drainage problems in an outlying area. On the problem of tax rates the report states further: ' "Presuming ':. that : the equalized value represents comparable valuation, then there is little difference in taxes levied.' While city taxes greatly exceed those levied in the township, school district taxes are higher in Lake-view school district. - . v'" : .. Tax Costs Compared "The total cost of operating a residence in the city as so computed is $181; in the township area with water, $179; and in the remaining portion of the township," $175." (The report presents a comprehensive study of local taxation.) . ' . "Voters in Lakeview school district have voted an (Please Turn to Page 2, Col. 1)

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