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PAGES 17 TO 2oT , jfalldigMClk fftttfij. : 1 PAGES 17 TO 20. J, 'V THE BIG NEW-ZEALAND BIRD SBXA1NS THAI EXIST OF IUS OU.WT MO A.' , ITCDIEi THAT HATB HA COLLXCTlOJrt FOBMM BUFTHAT TBS BIEO MAT STILb BXIST. UWBOK. . '. Wrttt Iri iwvlMlMd. X gmrm mm Manl MeotlAHtM Is t AmatnXmtim, aitadA brtoflr MrUta feu oaeeralnx tb mo U iWrne Ua Urt. r Wiwnrf, of c-t4wUL OalokBTr7Uook4f tttr-.M. ia tha BU I flo4 Mm MM tuna !) y tetomt toAJMrk rdw IwlttlU M the hotel ta Poadia.Jiiat MTor iMTlmc tw-IU. fUi tha fnU of two mWM won browM P. mni war idUy follow r too nM Ihemlvm. Tbolr iooofeowoootfrw4lr. Ono of thorn eor-tTZ kiM boo kooTf elu abMt Oiw foet M.viooiyoo4 onoo-fortoMr kaobbod at aotlioa4.aodtBaotBar bad a ba!waieb. t m bo ao It. K'noo that wert orMeatlr of ooaoMoraWa la. Itoooa appoared, ho wotot, that ttelr laUnUona wr oaUialr paolflo, aad that their armaSMBt : altboh fornOdabio la appearaaee, T a tym-olrt poaeo rataor Uxaa at war. Ai It toraod Mt, that wbleh I had takoa for a clob wao a . blra'o "droautlek." aad tao ba of utonoo tu tao grladlac maoaiaerr from tho RUai4 of a jowl of tho aao poclro, aad both wore at oaoe 0Ta to no by tbo amiable maUemon who had . kteafat taam, a a eartoua oonyonir of my Kow gatlaatf wandortag. I firotoxamlaedthoboaa It woo aaarly aa lone ao my lex from aaklo to Hp, hard aa Iron, and ta perfect preaarrattoa, itn for a M nick" oa ono aide, apparently cyiaed by a blow from an axe. Bach, la faet. waa tho caoib for t2i bono had beea dlootrord Jaot bo- .'. . law a orfaoo layer of learee aad thin earth by eome maa who had beea oleartaic bruah, and ' who learned of lu oxiatenco by the resistance which It are to tho ehaneo otroko of a hatchet. Ita dlmaaalona abowod that It ortflnally be- loocod to a bird at loaat thirteen foot hlfh, aad I waa ploaaed to aeo. la Tialu to the maaenma at Duaedta and Chrlatchareh, iwhloh hare the that ao thlxh bone equal la also to that wblch w w va, Ljt nm adimuwI ta theDi. The irentleman who earrlod the baff then emptied Ita eonteate apoa tho table. Oat eame a email e'aianehe of qnarta pebblea. worn amenta aad aUatenln ht long attrition. Wo eounted them: there were 366 altogether, wbleh Indicated, aa I anictreated, that the bird from wboee (lizard tney eame waa of a ehrono-logloal turn of mind, and haa awallowed a t.a for uh d,T of the Tear tbe three nan- drad aad atxtr-alxth nebble Indicating that Iha mki ha waa eoaatlng off waa leap year. rhia uuniitu fant had not nivrlonalr oceorred to tho ffeaUemen. OooaaloaaUy the lay mind advaneea a thought in acleatlflo company which throw a flood of lllntnlaaUoa apoa subject . that Yrero before hopelessly obscure. I aaKea " - kv ft waa kaowa that these etoaee were once ' ooatsUaed la the alssard of a Bos, alaoe the aeft .. narta ar Lha bird's bodT nut aeeeasarllr hare loog ago dlaappeared. Tho geaUeman who had foaad taam himaeli, thea saia tnst, altaonga they were discovered apart from aar bonea, they ooeorrad la a pasty aoil waloh would rap-- Mir abaorb oaaeona tissue. It waa not to be expected that any boneo would endure la aoeh aloeauty. ine taot tnat tae atonea wereau found togetaer la a cluster aad intermixed with trltoreted vegetable fibre woold ahow their ebaraeter; besldea whloh ao atoaea of this quel-' I17 were to be fouad exoept In thla aad other elaster within tweatymllea of the pot where , e dlacoTored them. These facta and their rery aaoeth urfaee showed eoaelualTely that they iad eaee ass u led the digestive processes of the Aiee. The atoaea were of ail elaea, from a pea ap to a fragment nearly aa large aa my flat, and . - walgalag half a pound. I should hare much . Bked to hare aeea tho bird wrestling with tola last apeelmen, ,. Examination of these eurloua apeefaen wag fallewed by aome lntareailng atafetta Tar i gardlng these itranga giant bird WPtwf ; lead. The Rrst dlsoorerr of their rbtaatna waa '- made ra 183t br tbe Rev. Richard Tajrlor, 9. U - 'bebe found in a Maori aouae tbe fragment of a ' lartaboae whloh be supposed at ttrst to be kosisn, but concluded, on axamlaatloa, to be that ot a bird, inquiry of the naUvea elicited the Buormatloa that they knew the bona to bo - ttataf a bird; taat each bones were not an- aaaw, aad that tner used them la tbe mano-' Jbsture of taelr largest llshfaooka They also aude the aemewhat apochrrpbal statement Uet a tingle specimen of the bird UU lived la a save oa a mountain near by; that It alwaya ateee oa one leg, aad waa guarded br aa lm-BMeae Heard. Thla dlseoverr (I mean of the . boae, for the llvlag bird never materlallxea. althoagh explorer found plenty of caves) waa ado on the east ooaat, where the natirea ealiad the bird tbe - tarep,n Four years later, en the weet eeaat, he tountt a perfect cemetery of theee benea. aad heard tae bird called for the first une the "-the naUvea. rery singularly, never baring , heard the name aaed by their bretarea en the etaer aide et the Island. 'or a loag time ao specimen could be foand of a moa'e akaU. since tbe bones of thla part ot the . body are ee thla aad delicate as to be easily do-. atrored. The naUvea. however, encouraged him by saving that they would procure oae. aad advanced tho lnformatloa that tho moa's skull "aa a large aa that of a boras sure proof that ir had aever aeea one. alaoe It la. In fact, not ' arger thaa that of an ostrich, and curiously , 1 1 proportionate to the great height of the blra. (FtaeUr a per fast eaeletoa was found, tbe eouee arranged on a sandy plain Just as they had lain wbea the bird dld. the rings ot the windpipe even being preserved, aad a pile Ot quarts peb-blae ebewiag the locatloa of the aissard. The skull, la parteet eaape, lay partly lnbeddea in the eel k aad waa In a, aigbly friable eendlUoa. Kemovfng it wits great care, . the tinder remounted hi horse to nde away, whereupon tho aalmal, poesessed et tho devil, bef an to " buck" Boost violently t off went the reverend gen tie. aoaa and away waat the precious skull, and waa amaabed beyond remedy. Slnee then. However, aauus aavo ueea louno. ana appear la Sanson u all ever New-Zeeiaad. The greateat treasnrlee of ffioa boae are the old anell aeana oa tbe west mul waiek .ir T ,t" "Woh the Maoris reeorted rr"m. ecaaiy aarveata, Here they regaled themeelve on shell nab. and oeea. 5'.?: r" . mounds Indicate, varied their ww mi a aaai. a oacea sieve, or a moa, the aonee of tbe latter being fouad entire, since they bad ao marrow la them to vav for break. ing. a.xoavatloas of these aoaaa bring to light treMaree of a vary varied character. Met onlr aonee of moa and fragments of their eggs, but remalaa alee of other birds, surb as ground Parrot aad the apteryz, or kiwi, tragmoaU of axee, kalvea, as, wrought la polished etoae, are eftea found. Tho evens la which the moa ware roasted aopear to have beea la double l'-ee, and to Save beea aaed for many sncosss - ive yeara. as Is ehowa from various tain layers ffaaad alternating with tho beaea aad aehee. The a amber of eveaa, aad the Immeaae store of . scorched boaea la them, tadioato that tho moa must eaee have ex la ted la vaat a umbers. Aeeerdiaa; to aatlve aooeuau, whenever a ' ; ama haat was oa foot tho tribes from all tbo : leeioa roaad were summoned to aselsk A great . maiutada turned oat aad formed a circle - . around a wide stretch of eountry, flred tho thlehowi la every dlreotioa to drive the birds ' utn 1 hwl r aaaafta. dmwa than iA.MI aam lake, hb wbleh the terriHed fleck were forced ao dispatohed without ability to make reslst-aaea by people la eaaoea. To Judge oy tho eoa eem af the eveaa, not only were tho moea taeaeel vee eagerly eaten, but also their eggs, at a-aiea laaamerablo frarmeate are foand. Tho Urdafeoa thus little caeoee of perpetoatlng their race, aa ae far aa tbo Herta Island ia enaearned are aadaubtedly axUact. Waeiher they hare oeeaed to exist la the bo nth lalaad Is ttil matter ot eoajecture. Bo tar aa oaa bo 'faraad trom aatlvo aocoaaU the moa waa aa- aeabwxUy aoetaraal ana solitary la ita habits fad maa sUU be fouad la aeeladed plaeee apoa ret Impeaetrabla ooaUweet eoaaa Tho aeeme to bo a geaerie Maori term aad la the talaada aorta of Ksw-Zeaiaad demeatte fowl U eailea a moa. The general jiea Mia fever of the former existence et serss of the aaoa. Tao akeletenela ltrMekBrB Oaaedia Maaeasua snow ZirH. aalt doaaa atraagly-markad variettea, 55? S04..' thoogga made by W. B. IX ataa Ir"-- A. aeraaps tea lead lag authority oa ""t; have reauiied la too claaalfleaUoa "as thaa twaaty-four speoiea. TuU gea-rA T paUeat rsnarehae ameag- the shelK aeapa, , ae BMaswed to laeoaatraet completely e acira frees their wrtnaal tragaaeata. . fa idea of the laber an tailed br tao work may oj 'gained from tho faet that eome at the reha Stated spsoimea are oomaosod ot botwaoa ; iW aad 3oo piece. - f Daaedia aad Carlatoharea Ifoaeam eoa-.ae aalqao relleo of tho moa la the shape ii M aoak 4 skl ieh, being foand la a aeeuoa ot ooaatry that Is almost Afrauae, ta lu oyaoaa. have beea araaerved ' "a a very aaggeeUoa of the form ot the btrde ?jrhwfcaa faiiea a prey ta tao preeea ec -aaeala hiaeeam aaa aeoasld-"o part ot a leg. with Boca aad akia attached ha ia sarprtaiag atato ot perrecttoa, and "aUiagtow alueeum la a part of the ekia-overed aeck at aaethar spoeimoa. The faata. y attached to these remalaa, or otherwise pre oerved. are loog. Barrow, aad hairy, ad .""'T VwaaeibM thoee mt the ema of laetra. a ; tae aaaree aattpeseaei relatlraof tae moa lUaataaa, Xae apecimea at skia. aad Beak la tho Walllagtoa afoeeum waa fouad oa the aaadv our of a dry eave. la a passage taroaga which a ourreat of air oonUaaaliy moved, and thaa made everr ooadiUoa favorable for loag praaervatlon. The oecurreaeo of tho moa and kiwi (apteryx) ia jrew-zeaiaao alone of ail the laada of the Boa lb Keae raralaboe aa latereeUag aad pusxliog studv to aeieallsta. imi in animal aaa vegetaoie ue it prassw eo maav curious features that aeverallatarallats coasider It aa a dlsUaet blologteaiprovlaeo. Oa tale polat tao opinions of CapU f.W. Battoa. a el oae aad abHrvut atadeat of Kew-Zealand aatoral hutory, are most valuable aad taterees. j tag. ate dieaeeta I rem tae odmiob sou oi umr- wla aad Wallace that Aew-xeaiana is aa - ooaanlo lslaad" from a coologloal poiat of view, owing to tao aboeaeo ot terrestrial maav mala of which, as ta well kaowa, there are ao ladigeaoaa varvture waatever iiistwrain aad the msagrsaeea at its fauna and flora: that la, they consider that It aaa aever formed part of a - ooauaeatai area ainee Its last emerge nee irom tae eea. Cap. Hettoa, however, and la tae wingless birds of Mew-Zealand a faet quite as stroagly la favor of former connection with aemo eon- tiaant u aiaannaajMid aa a terrestrial mam malia would be, since they have ao superior means of dleperaloa, aad Uilaks that Uto w. Zealand, forms are remnanu of thoee that for merly occupied a large coanoeniai srsa , us mis point toe nioae auvra a mi tereaUag facte. Ia pbyaleal atruetare they la dieato aa intermediate order betweea toe so-called oetnehea, or rbeee. of South America, aai the eruns and aaaaowanea OI a.aairaua. like the rhea, It has only throe pairs of sternal ribs, while the emus, cassowary, aad even the apteryx have four. The truotoreof lu egs anail alao rasa rubles that of tho rhea. and lu feathers, pelvis, ; and saull are Ilka those of the emu. i From these signs of relationship to species ao far moved at present In geograpuieal location as the rhea and ema, there ie reason to suppose that the three varieties have developed from a common stock which formerly occupied a con tinent atretcalna from' Houth America to Aus tralia, aad, perhaps, to South Africa aiaovwnero the carious order of atra talons birds la also rep resented by one or, at most, two spooiee or e trtebna. Tha amount of stud T that haa been given to the moa 'and kindred vaiietiee of New-Zealand birds Is very slight, but when It shall be further nroeeeuted It Is likely to show some interesting facts, not only to the student of Kew-Zealand fauna, but to tha general inquirer Into the orlgla and development or. species. FOREIGN A&MY TOPICS. K early all tbe Continental powers have bow chosen their magazine rifle. Germany has adopted tho Mauser aad Leo systems, with a Bxod magazine aad calibre of 7.5 millimeters. with a charge ot Duttenhofor powder of 2.6 (Trains, almost without smoke. France has discarded tha Kropatschsk and Graa, tbe former until recently tae rifle need In the navy, in favor ot tbe Gras-Lettel. weighing 3.950 kilograms, of which 1,400,000 have already been delivered. Ihe magazine la below, and contains nine charges. The calibre Is 8 millimeters; the bnilet welans 15 grains, aad Is ot lead, coated with nickel, attaining a velocity of 70 maters. Austria has now aa Improved hfaaalleher, with a calibre of 8 millimeters aad three grooves, a fixed magazine containing five charges. Italy still holds to tho Vet-terll system of rifle, of 10.4 millimeters, with fixed magaxiae holding twelve cartridges, ita weight being a 850 kilograms, but constant experiments are being carried ont to modify this weapon. Belgium, alnce 1887, haa employed a magazine nfle of 8 millimeters and three grooves, the bullet weighing 16 grains, cased in steel, with Koturell powder. Denmark, we believe, has finally decided upon the American magaslne Lee rifle. Portugal has adopted tho Guedee magaslne rifle of 8 millimeters, wita 1 a bardeaed bullet, copper eased, of 16 grains, and Rotterell powder. Kusaia, Spain, h'orway and Sweden. aad Turkey are still experimenting, and have not Onally chosen their weapon. Tbe Swlse. wiae In their disbursements, are not sparing of say outlay which may add to the national defense. After long ana patient trials they have adopted what ia considered by their military author! tlss, who are acoompllabed markamea aad no i theorists, an ideal weapon, proved and tried under the most severe conditions. This 1 the Schmidt repeating rifle, of 7 millimeters. coating but 80t, with cartridges at 8c; the weapon, therefore, all complete, with fiOO rounds, coming to only mot. Of the smokeless powders used in recent XJiiaceuvTea, Aus.. by German. Austrian, and French troops, tho German appears, according to present Information, to give by far the beef results, though, aa yet tlie teat of ball firing haa act been conclusively carried oat Thouxh practically smokeless only a thla, brown vapor being discernible from the flanks, and hardly anything at all from the front the powder Is not aoleeleaa, and. la fact, la said at times to give even a louder report than the old. and it also shows a vivid flasu. which la aome degree might make up for the waat of smoks. so ; tar aa tne observation or an enemy was concerned. A whole battery aeeme to make less smoke thaa a company of Infantry with the black powder, and. coaversely, a company does aot make so much smoke aa one gua at present. The amokelees eom pound, however, gives off a very offensive and even over. powering gas. Both tha French aad the Uer maa powder seem to have the same violent ao- tioa aa tae xtntisn expenmeeu nave auowa. and wblch Is delaying tbo adoption of the eame for tho British service. The French In canicu lar seems not only to be violent, but to be ao anoertala la lu action as to entirely destroy the possibility ot anything Ilka accuracy la shooting. . VAwenkr MUitairt devotes aooBsiderablo amount of space to a mlaato deaaripUon ot tho sanitary trains" aad special railway carriages for the transport of sick and wounded soldiers en campaign, now ia view In tbe exposltioa ia Paris. By a regulatloa dating from Oct. 29, 1884. the War M in inter authorizes the organization of a special eervloe of cam axes Acted with all appilaneee requisite for tbe transport aad conveyance of those struck down la battle or rendered bore de combat by disease. Theee traloaef which models are now on view at tae ran Jbxoositloa. are, la reality, traveling hos pital a, so oonstmoted as to be perfectly inde- penueni oi any exterior aia in regard xo med ical treatment, accommodation, surgical requisites, cooking, aad stores, a well aa fuel, light, aad all comforts neeeesary to tha paueata, . VSITKD STATXS SXPORT ALU All AC. An association of public-spirited mUzea which styles Itself the United States Export Almanac Publishing Company has Just Issued 1U first Export Almanac.lt Is a comprehensive preeentation of American prodneta. Industries, and commerce. In English, Franch,German, aad Spanish, and la designed to be distributed taroughout the world where American trade is iiasiy to oo ooBentou. in uermaoy. Austria. and Italy export directories have for a long ww wwM i-...iD.. .uu uubriuuteu oy means of Government aid. aad the nraaent book ta Am. signed to render the same sort ef assistance to tbe productive interests of tbe United States. The various dspartmenu af tae volume have beea carefully prepared by specialists whose aamee alone are a sufficient warrant for tne wwrvuguwesB wita wnioa tne work baa M . . . .. . -"WW wwcu uwao. aiuuui us contributors are ue ' czoo. irc ocnura. wao la - edltor-la-chlef. tbe Hon. Aloneo Rail u.w vni.i & Bergman, -who writes' ot electricity and Its appliances, aad F. A. Seoley. who telle about aeieaano instruments. Jacob K Dodge has vdbiw ei aaricniiurai matters. tL r. Kothwell of mines, mining, and minerals. Charles H. Clark of textiles In tae United States, Paul Looser of tbo Amerioaa newspaper Industry and Uaary . Krehblel et musical Instruments. HAFOLtOS AXD MOXACCTS PSUfCe. FYm (As Xea4B World. A propos of tho late Prince of Monaco, I remember hearing a very good story though, I imagine, It waa only a story told ot tha Prlnco who relff-ed at tha time of Sapeleon'g return. from Elba. ' Ha had for maay years beea an exile tram tho principality, aad happened to be returning joat as Kancleon. whom he met oa his famooa march to Grenoble, bad landed Iron Elba, Sapoleoa a topped to converse with him. aad said. Oh ailea-vana. dan. air To which tbo Prince replied, - Je rantra daas me etats." Whereupon Naaoleoa remark-a. hfot auasL" The new Prlnco of hlonaea.lt will bo remembered, first married la 1869 Lady M ary. tbe sister of tbe Duke of Hamlltoa. aad thla marriage waa mainly brought about by tha Emperor of ta rrenea, who did a alagalar dle- aervtee to both tae young waosa eared for tae eibex. people, neither ot - ' , TMVGAL - XAKB OF TBE CZASL. ' ' j. ' .J IA XwWdea TrlK . The Vienna correspondent ot the Vail JU- srwpA aeada aa aecount et the Czar's " frugal far- at rredensbarg. It appears that his Majesty breakfasts at 9 npon boiled eggs, ham. tweet beef, omelette, aad tea, walla at neon he recrniu his exhausted energies by n luncheon of ehtckea broth with aa egg in It, cutlet, eald fewL game, river Baa. Tegotable. aad sake. At 8 tbe Cxar oonanmea a disk of nee boiled ia milk. This la a pretty example ot -frugal fare." Tho tact la that tha cxar haa a truly Oargaataaa appetite, aad be drinks oeeane of ehaas Dsns as aad after dinner, bat at tho mid day uveal be eea taste himself with, a bottle et either Bordeaax eg tuune wjae. I a r r i hift ii " -w ti a. -a - I " . I . 1 a ' ' , -"""""""frTwHSTT-j ALONG uHE LEMPA RIVER J10W BAB SALVADOR 1SD1ASB 0A1CU IROVX. V CLASS D1STIMCTIOX8 X TBB B.K PUBLIC WOMApr. Ag A BEAST OB BUBDBX THE rBOOKKSSITE PKBSTBEITT. Cmr or Bam SaXVAOoa, sept. 28. The paoaia of Baa Salvador ar aa proud ot tao river Lempa a ta wew-TerKer is ef the Hudson, and, ectiag apoa tho ad vim of soma hospiublo acquaint- aaoes ef Saati wna, I took the trail to the capita t. whloh ibllewa the rtvsr baak for many miles. Wall It eaaaot compare la aue or ' grandeur ef sensry with the Hodaoa, It la a singularly pic tureeque atraaaa aear lu aoarea. . wiu maay ra Hds aad falls, aad widealag out farther down , through . beautiful valleys of farming land until it cute through tha mountains la deep e ifiona, from where to tho ocean. about oae hdndred mllee, it te navigable tor sUamsrs of llkht draught. It Is nowhere at too groat aa altltide for coffee piaatiag. aad daring tha ralajj aeaeoa tha eager Belda of iU southern shore are overflowed naturally, to their advantage, or by means of canals which eaterprialng and wealthy planters have ont through to tbblr estates. - . Wbiat along toe ooaat the most difficult artlole to purchase Is k fresh fish, the Indians of the Lem-pa depend upjnjjtto vary their diet ef beans and baaaaas, aadl I venture to say that Uiree-fifth ot them have barer tasted beef, which, poor aa It Is la the: eohatry, is far beyond tha reach of their pocketaJ in the method of securing fish they are aot genuine gportoman, bat the rankest kind of pbt-hnntera, . Buying over night at a village 1 1 learned thaB what la nailed a chilpate" flkalag waa to take place tha next day. which the proprietor ef the tavern as sured me wsje worth seeing. Board, la most of the hotels, is only 70 oaau per day tor maa aad mule, add, concluding nothing would be lost if the gport proved to be a fraud, I lay over. Immediately below a little fails in tha river the natives bad . placed at an early hour a network of branches closely woven la as 1 oat like lattiee-work, and bound with willow withes. Above the raptdaJUi deep pools, were tl e feeding end spawning grounds of many van sties of fish, and a variety called the 'ouyamai." which, when full grown, weighs twelve and em-teen pounds, was known to have liking for Itho spot When the network waa completed about a dozen women entered tho stream from shove, carrying large earthen pota containing a strong solution ot a viae called enilpat , wjnieh resemble the Bermuda plant. made by merely mashing the. leaves to a pulp In warm waterJ It baa tho quality whea mixed with runningl water of stupefying tho Dsn. caus ing them to float helplessly drank oa tbe anr- lace ot tae water, aa II sboekod with tks explosion of gun cotton, as dene by the frontiersman la our Wests oouatry. Wbea carried dowa by tae current tey are picked ap ay Band by the " wm muds tnemaeivee a tne network below. 1 At a given alrnal that all la ready at tha dam tae women, wita ueir sxirts well girded up, jump Into thai swift water, easting the solution ngnt aaa lorn, wane advancing dowa stream as a line of ealrmlaaera. In anticipation of the feaat to succeed the catch, "marimba" players place themselves oa the bank, tha womso keeping sup to tha muaio aad throwing tho mixture la accurate time, reminding one of tho advaaco oi ue caoroaiKiria oa tae comic opera stage. Tae water waa aooa colored to a milky white. which mootaed tha surface like olL la a few momenta tbe water waa aa-ain troubled bv the ash, aa the dtng affected them. Tbere were all ktaus ox drunks soma nervously so. others sieepiiy eo, i etnere dead drunk, and aoaaa oniy augnuw in toxica ted. but all ao unwary as to no bagged at tbe network, where the auiek work of eatcblna- the a-reet nnmbars and throwing them oa tho bank kept three or four dosen swarthy natives busy. The drag ia not permanent la 1U effect, and the tittle ones thrown back (ate the stream soon recuperated ana sworn away no more enacted man one Who aas tried laug&ing gas. Among the lot was a bee species of epeekled traMt. but salmon-eol- ereo, use zaeeo weet or tbe Koeky M eantala. sua nay aaa snoaghteover tae manner in wnieh they were taken were dispelled wblie discussing sue iry aa aoar or two later. Near tho village were some cassava fields, forming a pretty ornament m a email landscape, with its smooth, oblone- laaraa and briau ling aaparagas-Uke stalk, covered wita bright red flowers, lit grows to a height ot tour or five feet There Are several wUd planU which resemble it, whose leaves are gathered for taelr medicinal pu parties, but the good vert ot cassava is th root, which might easily bo aua- taxen ior a sweat potato, ia. wita tne " vnea." a variety of tftie aama plant, produce all tha starch of Us country. Ths ynca" Is a larger Plant, growing ion loot aiga. blossoming and yielding frail throughout the year, whloh. whea dried, may bd kept' yeara without loelag IU value. Ia foreign markeu the root nude a ready sale as the source of tapioca. The natives ipa tbe cassava into abreda. wblch squeezed until tbe gluten oozes through. This u mixed wita water aad boiled to tne proper eoBBioienoy, prou-cing a oeaatiruieiareB, eqaai ia appearaaee to tae nest powdered sugar. When the washerwoman ta la a hurry aha mashes a root in boiling water, allowing the starea to sing to tae bottom. In traveling through this country, though th day heal I groat. It Is wall to have with yea two or three ebeagee ot stout woolea nn-derelothlng and a wide-brimmed straw hat. All else outside of that Is simply adornment. The nigbU at anrialtltode above 600 feet are cool aad relreanlug, aad even where X aavegoae to sleeo to the sound bt tne Paelfle aurf I have fouad a blanket necessary. The robber -pouoao" la alwaya accessary; bat the stoutest Bsnbroila, wbea used tor nva minutes la the storms and rains of the region, sheds water no betur thaa a sieve. Meet of the Indiana along the river own, say, foqr or five sores of fertile ground aad a thatched hut. generally built with a view to accommodate aa Increasing family. The corn patch 1 aad wild plantain trees fur nish the family with all necessary food. aad tbe lew pigs ana emsken furnish pieces 4s resistance oa feast day a. Oae a week, the bead of the family will work a few hours la blsj gardea aad loaf tbo remaining days, bat tae woman la oook, laundress, gen eral housemaid, and nurse, wbleh kseps her busy from early morning tul dark. This equal dlvisiea of labor aoooanu for a very notieeaoie feature ex too uusoiwiw! was walla tao man at forty m still casting sly rleneee after fair maidens aad la consld ered by them aa a most eligible catch, tho woman at tnat aaa la a wrinkled old hag, simply rood eaongh to wash tae aiieasa pottery, The larcsr umoura depend npon these men for laborers aa tbe erope ripen, aad as this laborer need aot work to live, great ladneemeau most be neio out to aim. Tho enure popuiatioa mar no divided into two elaaaes. 1 .. thoee who carry bundles aad those who don't. The swell considers it ta tae lirht of a bumiuauon aad a saame to ae aeea oa tno street carrying aayiamg ont nis ease aad mgaretas, and from tho most exclusive circles down to tho Mmoso,M tho beast of harden of the country, eo oae can bo hired to carry a bundle for Anybody else, nor will he carry oae for himself. if yoa aeao tae maa ceo a to aw ket to make purchases he hires a womaa there. at your expense, to carry tae mum arwiusa from stall rears - old to ataii aad taea noma, ztovs tea waoee fatbare and motaers are house the eon of elee. aad aorvaaU will always employ kt -aauT to carry any aru- thle honest -moeo,-, asru-4 natieot. wha never pnahea working aa himself a bora aia station. Is looked dowa noon by thoee who coasider taeaueivoe ei a aaa aar rrada la aoelety aa aa Inferior being. Tour waiter, who vraabee the dishes, looks dowa apoa ths interior girl, as ahe le called, who makee tas twi- wtin. in tan. aaaiidan herself sa- porlor to the oook, who goee to market Witt a bouse f aU af sarvaaU. It Is aomoamea dlflioalt tor a foreigner as decide npon wbleh one he will aak to wash the wladowe for fear ot toooaiag the pride ef eome oeaeltlva ladlvtdaal. Togetnor with thia. each oao of tseee aoeial dlvUloas baa lu pscuUarlty of dress. The owu" wears white aottea art 111 ng eleth; thea comes a cloth of Baer make and eat a Utile alt mors is az aaa waist, to give the wearer aome Scare; thea regular suite, coat, vest, and paa tales as: after I thai ahoae aad aa Imported hat. W ben one 4rnvee as tho dlgalty ot aseoe he aooa f orgeU shat he ever wore aaadala, aad tho tsr- af - aia aansLoa." - wtthoat eaoes," la oae of reproach more severe aad ea-tiag then that of " barreoot loaier- aaa - leetrsw. m siv-York. A ri, fsr laetaaeo. who reada sad writes, and T who may aavo duooe a a gov- m.mm,mM7 aaialn behaves anv dlffereatly thaa It aha ware mistress of the house; but tor thla they are Indebted to xaa lorein aw wrasses mmA f.mal snaatanra wao swarm over this ooaa try aad Gnaumala. wao alter verted axpo- rleaoea. to put it mildly, come oosb to taese a,.,., .a nala aa sneiety leader, while at home they might Be oaraing aa bobs m sisgiag MTbo b-ogTet tao Shirt" eg aaawarlag tbo e.t Amr SalL - w bea oae aav em ox tae sssr-oa si the approach of Use. Meaaaoea, wae was mag' i.. Wla asnsisi Prealdontial tour. Like moal sillltarv ansa of tha oouatrT, ho despises the aaa ef wheeled vehicle sxeept tor abort pleasar dnvaa. aad he rede m nno swimn, as-ooaipaaied Vy aoaaa Fraeeial trteaala aad aa , tiv k-Miarasd with all tss Bwatlaa aad, flnga M aaa 4, aad the etreew and aMewaika la tho netatty ef tbe he use la wbleh the noe- " w - - ww ww.w. .aww wwrsau-sws 1th Vine aeedlOS ta the thlekaaaa nf an liuk mm n rnn.f waa ss m a.aw,aIu. two. This tree oao of pine needles may be aeon SS ...W JtanMiH AaHwl . ... ... against fleas, it ta difiloolt for Ue spry animal to Jump from tho unsteady pie to the tags ot aey oaa passing over him, aad eoastaat walking fores aot raw piua, la which tae flea etieks aad dtea. Maay houses would be Intolerable were It net thai tha matttags (there are ' tew carpets) root oa bode of aeedlss. Advantage of tao Chief Maaietrete'e visit to Iways takoa by thoee having oomnlalata to nrav I I I ,.IW aim lw .i ii i J - . -. .w Mid ma moraing aatll eight he stu listening to thoee of all elaaaes, down to the most wretched beggar, policemen are kept at the door to regulate ue Ingres ssd a -rift af tharalun anil -.1- -1 " dispute that ooeurae U who la aaxt htach i wo rTeaiaanr popularity ia ao doubt due to ha paUeaoo and eonslderatloa with which ho tana ts zba mm,i, a k. k.-kiu. mt w Frwa s eorwr ot tbe recepUea room I watched si tsm simple court or juatlee. i mas nan.tlv .mm..,.. w. T w - . . j wcv ss rwwiB miliar much frightened as aa le tod by aome omcer ' " sumi, out gatoera oouraga --"" s asm, suiia-isoKing person to : Whom he most ansak uil in a i pertectly at homo when assured by Ue Presi dent, wao qussuons nim la tbs gentlest tones. WWWW.WW. www Mv M biwwiij b arrangiag and setUlng the many oases presented to him; ant left apparently satisfied wiU the decision. aonwi m m weu-ouut maa. rauer shorter thaa the medium height, with clean-cut, ex- Br.lllT, tmmtnmmmm Aww. .I.w . . . ' . " -ww.w. ww, u, mm vhw aim moutU. A dark eomplexlea betrays some Indian blood la aia sain. .Tm . . .. w. . . w -w.w . mm .ui w. . dimuub bo enowea great Interest in United estates institutions, aad seemed anxious aa to waat policy that eoaatry would pursue regarding reciprocity treaties with Osntral America. He waa thoroughly alive to Ue advantages his country would enJoy -with tha Increase of each trade, aad regretted that there waa bat one regular line of steamers vw.wwwu mis ww wuBwiee, waioa causes sack nigh freight reus as to retard the development of I of i w.w .wyuuuw wuu jFiuuiuns tne eetanusumsnt many manufactures sorely needed. As leader of the Lsberal Party be oppoese tbe influence th. tuiman r.thnlt. .-K.-w i . . i . - - ...,ww wwsva in uwuuoa, QUI the baaqaeu aad balls given in his honor were attended by both political creeds. Ths Improve-maat af tha snnntrww aait tk. i.M... ., . t. , , . f m.w uavtwwws si weal ia during his administration haa brought even mm rinw tss samiasioa tnat ne may retain his position ae long aa he desires. IBB IN ESI WAR SHIP. THB SUCCKSSrCX TX8TS Or THE it A f.. IAH KAK-O'-WAB PIIKONTE. The gunnery trial of the now famous Italian cruiser Plemoate haa been carried out. The test took place In English waters and waa made by Italian ran crews. Because tbo lat ter wore new to the work no attempt waa made to record rapidity ot fire. Ten rounds ware fired from the fonr-and-three-quarter-lnch gnn In 47!s seconds, whereas aa ordinary breech- loading gun took 5 minute and 7 seconds to lire the same number of rounda. The six-Inch gun will fire six shots a minute, aa against a round in about every 50 seconds with Ue ordinary gun. Throughout Ue test the weather waa squally. a smart breeze blowing, and, although there waa aot a heavy sea, there waa aulie enourh to allow an idea to be formed of Ue steady gun plat form ths ship affords. Th trial was made about eight mllee off the mouth of Ue Tyne, and, Uougn it was not a target test, Ue Italian crews demolished with tremendous rapidity every target put overboard. Tbo firing teat lasted two hours sad a half, dnrtns srhlnh lima the Plemoate waa manoeuvred with Ue object of saw w, ik uw vary oest points, witnessing tne trial were naval representatives ot several nations, lnclndinc Grass Hrltain lhe trial resulted In furtilliog tha contract requirements, and Ue Ptetuonte la now considered Ue meet powerful fighting cruiser afloat, la her steam trial testa sbe steamed for an hour ana nan at tae rate of 22 knots aa hour, de veloping an indicated horse power of 13,000. In turning aha Will inakn a MnnlM elmla nf 608 yards In diameter la 3 minute and 34 see- onus, n nen going at full speed she will stop dead and reverse the direction of travel in I minute and 35 seconds. Her speed and coal en- tturaaee enable her to steam "at.the rat of IT kaou an hoar for flfty-tlve days, daring which ti mesne can cover about 1S.50O knota. The chief armament of tbe Plemonte oon-stata of six-Inch a nick-firing truss, weighing o tons 15 hundredweight each, placed one forward, oae ait. and two amidships in Ue port and starboard aides, tn addition she has 6 four-aod-threequarter-lnoh quleklog-flnng guns of 2 tons 1 hundred welgbt each. 10 six-pound Hoteh-kiss guns, o one-pound hotchklas gone, and 4 Maxim guns. Four of the six teen guns are placed in sponsons on projections from tae snips side, so that Ue two forward guns can fire ria-ht ahead aad the two after guns right astern. Tbe Hotchklas and Maxim guns are distributed about Ue ralla aad ta Ue tops. Tbere are also Uree torpedo lubes. The foui and-three-quarter-inch run will pieree 104 Inches ot wrought iron. while Ue six Inch gun will pieree 15 inches of the aame material. Takiaa into consideration Ue rapidity wiu which Ue lewlck guns of Ue Piemonte can be worked, the statement ta made that Ue Piemonte is capable of discharging in a given time twloe tbe weight of shot and shell Uat could be fired by the largest war vessel afloat, not excluding monster battle ships live or six times her size. The quick-aring system is based npon well-known mechanical Principle. The lost eaergy of Ue recoil ta absorbed by mean of horizontal hydraulic cylinders fitted with piston. There are two of these cylinders, one oa each side of tne gun. ine ayaraullc cylinder, so-called, eon-taina oil. and when Ue n-action dns so tha aw. plosion of Ue powder ta set up, ue piston ta forced back to the rear, thereby allowing Ue gnn to recoil. The oil is, during this action, forced throagh aa aperture from one side of tbe piston to the other, Una proceeding to the opposite end of Ue cylinder aad- peat the piston. The cylinder 1 attached to a BUtimell carriage, while Ue platen u attached to the gun. By an Ingenious arrangsmeat tha oil aperture is msde to alter ia area of opening. This permits of ths gun being brought ta rest wltaout shock, al though the recoil at no time during Ue trial was over two feet. The gun ta ran Into place again by means of powerful springs oa each side contained within tbe mechanism. Bnaekelees powder ta to bo used aboard Ue Plemoate. This ta Imperative, alaoe bv reason of Ue rapidity of fire ordinary black powder would so envelop ue snip in smoke as to preclude all possibility ot aiming or seeing Ue enemy. QXTEKS JfA TUaLIR- A 8 A LETTER WRITS R. A Pestt paper publishes some letters written quite lately by the Queen to her friends In Belgrade. In one sbe hopes Uat the SkapUchina will vou her an Income, which she would do-vote entirely to good works, her private Income being sufficient for her wants. In another letter ahe aays: "I have given the better half of my heart to the Servian people. I go wiu full confidence to Belgrade, and fear nothing for my safety. I think I should not be safer anywhere on the face of tha earth." In answer to Gen. Orultch's warning Uat ber arrival la Belgrade w.l.n K. f.ll.wl Kw .wwlnl. .nn .n n.n ... 1.1. . U . WV (VllV . VV. V J KilllWD WW.U IWUW., aha wrote Ironically that she did aot feel afraid wnen it waa eaia tnat sung auian would and soma one to throw vitriol Into her f ae. " bach.' see continued, ere tho means of revenge ased by tha deml-mende. certainly not by monarche." In another letter the Queen announces her firm resolve to stay In Belgrade for good. Bhe would not Interfere la polities, bat ber soiew would be opea to every bod y. Finally, she remarks : "It Is aot possible Uat Uoee who are responsible should ever eoaaeat to King afllaa's takiag King Alexander oat ot Ue eoaatry 1 if for ao oUer reaeoa than thla, that Ue royal child would neither bear nor lean any good from his .feUer." , SVCCMMIOIT TO VICTORIA'S TB&OSS. Frwm (As mSM TrtUX. I hear that tbe Duke has worried the Queen considerably about tho qusstioa of the aaa oesaien to the uroaa tn tbe event of Prineo Albert Victor and Prince George dytag witteut issue, aad the Soke ot Saxe-Cobarg-Gotha and Ue Empress Frederick are understood to be strongly ot opinion that, la order to prevent any possibility af disputee and troubles la Ue f atam, tbere ought to bo a formal aa-era landing oa the -abject, It ta undoubtedly desirable that snob aoeeUoaa should be properly sad pah. Italy settled la good time. and. human life being ascertain, tbe anticipated aitaatloa might arrive any day. Lord fesllabury haa been much to blame for lettlag Ua matter elide la order to avoid threatened disputes, aa a formal announcement ought eartalaly to have beea made to Parliament before Ue marriage took place. A CMC A SO MDVSTMT. ipreet Oaf ClKoasw msricw, Oct. S. Clergyman If very odd, bnt I have actually Bad three eaaea ef matrimony on hand thia week where I have married a couple who have been divorced and have made np again, -Bisgley Yea ought to make that a specialty. Clerryinaa I believe I will. HiaKlaww-TBSB vss ess hsag ot the sign hearing tha ssgead: " KepairlBg done auk ntwaptnee aad eurrmtoa.' ; . OUTCASTS 1 OF THE WORLD TREATMENT Ot LEPERS OLD EH G LAUD. DISEASE THAT OSTRACISED ITS TIO TIMS FROM ALL SOCIETT AHD DOOhTXD THEX TO A LITfSO DEATH. Before Uo heroism at Father Dauxlea was made known to tha world Ue uharaoter ot leprosy was little kaowa. The rabjeet has of late been fully presented, aad ta Casmosr JmunuU Ua treatment of lepers In the past la Una described: Tho disease of leprosy, and tha terrible and : lingering suffering it entails npon IU wretched victims, have lately beea forced apoa public attention by the story of tho heroic lite ana h of Father Damlen. Ue noble-hearted priest who devoted himself tea living martydom Uat he might bring spiritual consolation to Ue poor sufferers In Ue leper settlement In MolokaL Although It I well known Uat leproey ta prevalent In Eastern lands at Ue present day, and people are familiar with Ua stories ot Sacred Writ whloh show how common Uo dread disease waa la bygone time in -Palestine and adjoining eonntries, yet few are aware that four or five hundred Jeers ago it was a fearful scourge ia this island ome of ours. All over England there were to be found Institutions, erected by Ue Church or tua aiu ui vu Deaeiacuona or pious uonors. for the segregation and relief of Ue afflicted. At one time nearly every town had a leper hospital or village In lu vicinity, while many places were provided with more than one, a Sorwleh. which had six, or Lynn Kegis. wita five. Prof. Simpson tells us Uat in 1226 tbere were 2.O0O lasar houses In ue Uen limited kingdom of Francs. -In very early titnee thia disease, whloh haa truly been described as one ot tbe most Incurable and loathsome ot human maladies, existed in Britain, and was Ue subject of aome very severe and cruel laws. The siats of filth In wblch oar f or-man forefather lived was very conducive to Ue spread of the disease; and at the time of the Crusade tbere ia no doubt It greatly increased owing to the Intercourse which then took place with Eastern land. The disease waa naturally very much dreaded, not only on account of Ue fearful character of Ue malady and Ua intense physical suffering It caused, bnt, perhaps, even still more because it resulted m ostracism from society and tae breaking of all the bonds of kinship, whloh must have beea far-worse. "In Ue Ulrteenth and fourteenth centuries a leper was aot - allowed to hold property, was deemed incapable of making a will, and loet all Ue privileges of eittaeashlp. He waa hunted from the towns aad driven from the dwellings of men; he was forbidden to drink from Ue running stream, last he should defile It, end it was unlawful for him to touch things that were need for food by man. Anything waa deemed rood enough tor tbe leper. Fish left putrid and unsold la tbe market were thrown, to him. and game and animal found dead tn Ue woods were sent to the nearest leper hospital. He waa scarcely treated ao well as a dog, while Us hawk Uat sat npon Ue fist of the baron or squire received far more attention. His was a terrible doom a living death. 8ick and heart-broken and alone, he waa doomed to Isolation, or to keep company only with Uoae who were afflicted like himself. " When a maa was soensed of leprosy be waa examined by a doctor, and if found 'guilty ail hope wae gone, and he waa com polled to bow to the terribie verdlot of banishment from Ue society ef his fellow-men, which Ue law pronounced neoeasary for tha health ot Ue com munity, zze was taxea to a church, where a fearful aad gloomy service waa read aver him. Often Ue mass tor the dead wae used, and earth waa thrown upon his feet, the priest reciting uch sentences as 'Bismorteu inundo, vlven autem Deo.' Ten terrible prohibitions were laid upon bliu, and after a Messing from Ue priest tne poor wreien went lortn into soil Sua a. inus Ue grave cloeed almost literally over him. ' Nor did Ue diseaae spare Ue great ones of Ue carta, lueoara ae walilngford. the Abbot of one of tbe richest monasteries in the kingdom. Ue world-famed Abbey ot L Albans, was a man of immense learning and great piety, and, tot hi time, uussessea marveion saenuno knowledge. DaLJi-a. aamtt ot old, i ho wae. m taper.' Ute- lnouence and wealth enabled him, though not witnont great trouble, to maintain his noaltion .as nuw ui m sonsy until nis aeazn. "in cnuren or tbe early Middle Agee became the champion or tbe poor leprous outcasts, and established In different centre hospital for their reception. Sear to Ue great Benediotlne foundation of Bt Albans two of these institutions were erected one for mea, dedicated to Bt, Julian the Confeesor, tbe patron saint of hospitals, and the otber for women, to Ue xtieesed virgin, and sailed, from IU situation among tbe meadows In the Ter Valley, Bt. Mary ue n " The Hospital of Bt. Julian haa a nartlenlar Interest for us, as there ha fortunately been preserved a document in which era aet out the ruie lata down ior tne government of the leper community. From Uem one may obtain a very gooa idea or tne mode or me in a-foundation of uu character in the fourteenth eenturv. St. Julian's was not a wealthy house. Com pared wiu snob large foundations the great lazar bouse at Sherburne, in Durham, whloh had an endowment of lK 44., Burton Lasars, In Leicestershire, or Maiden Bradley la Wiltshire, Ue Income of tbe Hertfordshire Hospital waa small and ths pittance allowed to the brethren very uunioie. me inmates were permitted to pro vide themselves with extra comforts It Ueir means allowed Uem; but, if tasy were entirely dependent upon Ue charity et Ue foundation and received only the scant rations Ue house furnished, they were infinitely better off Una they otherwise would have been. - The hoapltal was rounded by Abbot Geoffrey de Gorham. who ruled at Bt Albans ia Ue twelfth century. He was a man of great energy, and he appears to hsve made provision for tbe malatenanee of tbe place by giving It a handsome endowment, Two Popee and two Kings were induced to speel ally interest them eelve in the hospital, Henry 1L making it a perpetual grant n it a aav from the Royal Treasury. In 1844 Abbot Michael ae Men t more made tbe special regaia- tions for the government ot the house which have been preserved tor Ue Information ot nineteenth century students. They show Uat tae government waa placed In tbe hands of a Master, -mere were always to be at leaat six lepers maintained, and in applications for ad mission leprous monks of ue monastery et Bt. Albans were always to have preference, espe cially u tney were natives 01 tne town: bnt lar men were also eligible. If the applicant were a villain or aert he had first of all to obtain hi freedom. "The strictest regulations were enforced as to tbe dress of Us lepers, a precaution Justified byUe terrible nature of Ueir malady. They were to have a Male aupertanlo, and hood of russet, and cartons and particular direction were given a to Ue shape and mode of fastening Ueee garments. Ont vt doors a black 0I0U cape waa allowed to be worn, but it waa to be closed after tbe manner of a mantle. It was probably much tne same son ot taiag as is were at tae areaeat day in that least progressiva ef all European countries, Bpaln, where people are muffled ap at nigni in a long niaoa niaaue, tae roina 01 wmon are ao arranged a almost to hide Ua face, leav ing only the eyes visible. The lepers had besides this cape a cowl of Ue same color and mads of the same material. Their shoe were high cat, fastened round the leg with Uree or four knot, aad anaer Ueee they were allowed to wear stock- lags. They had to attend ehureh every day, and a list ot Ue services at which Uey had to be present Is 10 be found In Ue document. Moot stringent were Ue rea-alanone rurniddlas than to leave Ue hospital and ordering the gates to be kept closely shut Strict injunctions are set apoa Uem enjoin lag tnemwto dwell la nalty and brotherly is 7a. Sera the Abbot: Bines Blander dia Lures the mind of ths pesoefnl, let mot us isprous oretarea presume so eiaaaer one an other, either ehaplaiaaor lepers; let Uem not relax their tongue to a whjjpeb. bnt main ally study to carry Uemaelvee with brotherly love. la ttrae chanty,' aa axkortaooa which might witn aavBBiage bo caaiea By uimats ox enar- 1 table insntauoaa at tne present da a. s- The provlaloas made far the sasta nance of the lepere are eartsua and mtereeuag. Their diet waa aot very varied, saeh taper had seven loaves every week. - Ave of wnito reaa ana two or brown, ma from corn "Inst aa it had beea thrashed from the sheaf." Every seventh menu each. man waa given ranrteea gallons of ale. or, if ha preferred it, M. Instead beer waa- aa rnsx- paasiva luxury la Uoaa days fourteen gallon for Bd, On certain feast days Ue yatioas were Inert ased. aad Christmas Day was celebrated right merrily, for each had forty ralloaa ef ale, or If he chose. 40d- aad two aaartore ot ware and aa corn. Tbo aam ot 14a. wae alee divided betweea them cn that day, to be epeat In Ue parcaaae 01 mumera, " Oa Bt, Martin's Day each aae had a air from Ue common herd. Ia order Uat there might 00 ao quarreling or anzsir aivisioa, the pure were driven into taelr proaeaoe. and each one. In order of seniority ot admiastsa, no. 000 ale aalmal, aad if Uo eapply of pigs gave oat. or there were ao pigs, aa sq Bivalent was given la money. On the 14th of February each oae received a substantial valentine la ue shape ot a quarter of oats, aad daring tbo Winter, or la Leat, a bushel of pes and a similar quantity of beans for making pottage were served out, On tho 24U ot wane each received two bushels of salt, or lueswreat valae. Oa the earne day aa, s hsmd wae nsjd to Uem for elotatar. wails Bt Aibaa'e Day. St, .eliaafe Day. aad Easter Day were nwkod by the gift to each et Id. Oa Ascension Day a sort of Porta g cleaning evidently began, for Uey Back received a ltd. for the taking away from Uemsalves ot dirt." Bhreve Tuesday, always a day of rejoicing In Ue Middle Area, waa probably celebrated by eating pan cuke, for each maa had riven him measured flour sf Uo weight uf one of Uo white loaves. WIU Uesa sifts ts tenors antra auv mended to be eoateat, Ue remainder et Ue PI o per IV ot Ue hospital bslnar devoted to the BSlstMiamvi nf aba Heater and the finest brethren- Tbe latter appear to have Vrea better clothed Uaa the lepers, and la allreepeeta batter provided fur, bat Uey were as atrietly eon aaed within bonds and forbidden ander penalty to mingle with tho outside world. Vtata Interesting Institution appear to have survived an til ths rein ot Henry VIIL. when It waa suppressed with the parent moBaawry. , nanny nfty tsars had elanasd after the death ot Abbot Geoffrey de Oorham. founder of Bt. J alien" Hospital, when a sun liar institution waa ouut ior tne roller or women. The Hosmzal of fit. Mary de Pre was foand sd by Abbot warren, a obedienoe to a divine command mlraouloosly conveyed to him, nod the foundation Was at tended with tho usual auperbamaa ooeurreneea with whioh the students ot monastic records are familiar. Wbea Ue hoapltal waa erected Abbot Warren eanaed cartels leprous wotnea to be shut ap la It, but the aumbsr to be accommodated ta not stated. Proper offices were erected for Uem aad a cloister was constructed, and Uey were directed to give themselves sedulously to prayar. A strict mis waa enforced; no one was allowed to go out. and punishments wsro iamoiea upon tne rrrraetory. eo large were Ue Abbot's gifts to the new Institution that tbe monks grumbled, and a bitter faelina- aroae betweea the Abbot and tbe convent. IB the course of time lsnroav died nut. ant Ue hospitals were devoted to otber uses, that of St. Mary de Pre becoming a simple nunnery. Enough, however, haa been said to ahow bow real and terrible an evil leprosy was to our forefathers In the Middle Ages." A HONDURAS RAILWAY. THE TEA IS STARTS WHEN KKOIHEKS "jim" fibks rp. Commuter and others aecustemed to fre quent railway tripe In Ue vUinity of Kew- York, who feel themselves personally aggrlaved if Ueir train Is delayed for a law minutes, win find something to Interest Usm tn the account given ay a well-known Kew-York lawyer of his railroad experience in Bpaalah Honduras. This gentleman had some business whioh required his presence la Ue Interior of Honduras for soms months, and when he went he took with htm his wife aad tares hri-ht mn. 1 hair dnatlaa- tlon wae about three hundred mllee from Ue coast, and almost Ue entire dtatonee had to be made on horee or mule beck. The oniy exception to thla tiresome mode of travel waa at tbe beginning of the Journey, where, according to tha maps, there was a railroad runalng betweea two towns, forty mllee apart, Ue only railroad m Ue country. . landing in Honduras Ue gentleman took cm family to the little native -hotel kept by a mulatto vesu la lnM liunMniivl. wita frijole and tortelriaa for the principal food and Canva Stretched avar rramaa fnrbeda. and than sianea oat to una Ue railroad, booing to catch tne morning train. After a Ions- aeareh thronirb the town he eame npon aslngls track In Ue out skirts. Which endad In a dtlanlriatas Mrf.ii shed, but nobody wae ia sight and there waa ao sign of a train. Being a fluent speaker of Span ish he made Inquiries ef a native, and learned where tbe Railway Superintendent lived. That officer ot Ue Honduras trunk line eame out of nis nouse wnen summoned, anil was lmmedi ately asked whea the train woold start "Tbe train f he repeated, in Bpaalah of course, ana in a dazed way, ae It Ue Idea of a train were something entirely new to him. Yee; what time does it go V his questioner asked; "it has not sons to-dav. haa itr Vo; I don't Ulna It has gone to-day; no, I'm sure it hasn't gone to-day." '. vi 111 it go uu morning V "No. I don't think it will go thla morning. Will it go thla afternoon r "Owiem eaftef But I don't think so. So, don't Uink so. How can I tell f" 1 on ought to know if anybody does," Ue New-Yorker replied, "as you are the Superintendent-" While Uey were talking Ue officer was shading his eyes wiu his hands and looking across a little bay In Ue dtstenea. " Can yoa tee across Ue bay r be asked; my eyes are not as good as Uey nsed to be." xnenew zoraer looked, and replied Uat he could see across Us bav distlner.iv. " Do yoa see any smoke eomlng up out of Ue trees 1 tbe Superintendent Baked. Vo, there waa no smoks 1 nsn 1 guess jim won't fire np to-day," be wsns on. -z sent mm ont m tbo country yesterday to repair an engine on a sugar estate. ana most iixeiy ne nasn t got through yet, But I'm pretty sure he'll fire un to-morrow, in.i eome in on Ue ateamerl And got a family with yon t Well, you'll find It very comfortable dowa at Ue hotel, and I think there'll be a traia out vo-morrowi yes, 1 uui mere will. There waa nothing for it but ta wait, tn, tha chance of deducting forty mile fronvUe long mule ride waa not to be lost Next morning the New-Yorker waa oat bright and early watching for a smoke across tbe bay. Tbe smoke was mere; eviaenuy "Jim" was firing up. He hastened to the Superintendent with Ue news. . K W .1 V . . . . I . V. .. , i . . ' auu was Hiua bus mill WOUia Start, " About 9 o'clock, if she goes." the ofm-sr an. ewered; ' may be a little earlier, may be a lit- u uw, uui juu may as WCU BO OB board by 8, to make sure." Shortly after 9 o'clock Ue train was read' t start. It consisted of an engine of Ue style of forty years or more ago, a tender containing some wood, and one ot the earliest paaeenger ears made, with no glass U Ue windows, a bench running lengthwise on each aide, aad boxes of old iron on and under the benches to give the ear weight enough to keep it on Ue uwva. auciw a numoer ot passengers, and when all waa ready and Ue conductor had shouted ' All aboard'' In Spanish, and the engine bell had begun to ring, one or the paasen-gere, a merchant in the town, dapped his hand to hi pocket and exclaimed that he had for gotten to write eome letters, and Jumped on ana went naoa to hi office to write tnem. me train started wiu a vast amount or wniauingana bell rinrinr. and ba gs n to dash furiously across the country at the rate of seven or eight miles an hour, it had not gone lar oeiore tne wood gave out. and Ue engine stepped and Ue fireman and another train. man went Into the woods wiu an axe to cut a fresh supply. These stops to cut wood were made about onee an hour throughout the Journey. At the first station, which was reached at about 11 o'clock. Ue man wbo had stopped iv write aia letters eame galloping up on a mule, which he gave lntcharge ot a friend, and resumed hi seat in the car. Whea aoon arrived Ue train waa stopped and Ue engineer, firemen, conductor, aad Ue two or three other men employed on tbe road made a little Are Bear Ue track and placidly proceeded to cook and eat their dinner. This occupied nearly an hour, and everything went elowly but well till 2 o'clock, when a little stream waa reached, crossed by an old wooden bridge. Here tbe engine was topped over the middle of Ue stream, aad Ue ft re man got off aud without any hesitation removed all bis cloUes. The New-Yorkers imagined that he waa about to take a bath, but he was strictly In the performance of his duty. He lowered himself to Ue bed of the shallow stream with a poll In hi hand and U other trainmen made a line to Ue tank of Ue engine, which tney proceeded to all with water from Ue brook, banding up pall after pail and pouring it In. It was not till Ue middle of) Ue afternoon, however, Uat Ue moot Interesting part of Ue Journey was reached. The train eame to a stop without any apparent cause, and stood still tor Borne time. The New-Yorker at length got oat to see what era Ue matter. He found that a short distance ahead of Ue engine a rail was missing; if Ue trala had gone two rods further it would have run off, without Ue remotest chance ot retting back again, for there is no machinery for suoh uses ia Honduras. The engineer had taken a crowbar and walked back past Ue roar end of the car. and was feeling about wiU the bar for a loose rail. Presently he foand one to salt and pried It up. and he and the oUer mea carried H ahad and spiked it down tn the place of Ue rail that was missing. Then Ue trata went ahead, leaving, ot eourae, oae rail aUaetag in Ue track. Oa making in-qulnss Ue New-Yorker learned Uat soms years before somebody stole one ot Ue rails, and It had never been replaeed beeanee there were ao extra rails tn the eountry, eo every time the train reached that point Ue ra sinner had to atop and replace the missing rail wiu oae uat Ue trala had already gone over. Bv ary thing connected with the road waa managed oa this principle, and no considerable repairs nao aeea Blade since it was built, than a quarter of a century aaa The engine and the same ear had beea la operation all Uat urns The road wae eona-ructed br an Engltah company nader a contract wiu Ue Gevernaseat. aad ths principal aad interest of Ue debt now mount ap lata eo many millions Uat Ue whole country la hardly worU eaongh to pay It, The trala reached lu destination at 9 o'clock in Uo evening, having averaged about Uree and a halt mllee aa hoar la Ue twelv boars eoasamed In Uo Joanaey; and ths New-Yorker who made Ua trip ts emphatic in advising all other Amerieaes who visit Bpaalah Hen-dares to stlek to Uo male It time is ot any valae to them. DX81GSS TOM TBB KA181VM MOIVMZST iym tks XsmswW TrwXA. at eoloeaal monament to Ue late Kaiser wu. halm ta to be erected at Berlin, aad aa fa to hundred end Ulrty-two deais-ns have akBBst tea 4 aw lha - - - - ma - week to deride which shall be eheaea. , AT THE MERCY OF ENGLAND 1HB UNPROTECTED SEAL BOOR. ERIES OF ALASKA. SO WAR TE53KL OF j AST POWER nf ALASKA-! WATX-j--IOW THE IK At, 13LAXDS A KB XOTj rsOTICTKIk, Brrau. Alaska, Sept. Aavoag Ue reseat Washington dlapatehce to the Eaabtra press la a statement norporttng to eome from Secretary Tracy respeettng ue force which Ue Govern- , meat maintains la Alaskan waters aad Behrtng Bea to protect its interest la Ue eeel rookeries. Ho is r ureses ted as saying Uat the TJaltsd State haa two war Teasels aad two reveaae cutters In these waters, aad that thla force la ample for the purpose. The statement, whether aaUeatle or aot, la misleading. I know exactly what force Ue Gsverameat has now ta Ua waters off Ue ooaat of alsewa aad tta daUea, For several yeara the Plata, a fourth else woodea ship, has bean tattooed la tao bay of BlUa, making occasional abort rmlsss aiawmg the Islands off boutbeastern Alaska, aad Uktag ao part whatever In the seating bcila. Borne Idea may be formed of her effleteacy far any naval purpose from the s tavern sat of facts whioh I snail make, and known to every resident of Hi tks. 1 reached Bltka on Aug. 84. ldftS. and fouad tbe Mnta moored in Ue nay. In November, under Lieut. Commander Newell. ahe made oaa short cruise to the head of Lynn CsaaJ, ta tbo Chileott eountry, -200 miles f)oorth-eeat ot here, and Uen returned to her mooring tn this i bay. Lieut. Cbaa-maader Newell wae reJlsved. and Lieut. Commander George E. Book eaat eat to take command. Book found Ue vessel, which ia armed with two GsUing gone aad four oseV faabioaed brae pieces, two sf the letter being oa shore ail Ue ttme. aa badly worn ta her boiler and tn ber machinery that ahe could not be nsed, and to sack a degree that he claimed he eould aot make a fair repressatan tion of her eondltloa on paper, and what it was necessary to repair to Waahlartsa ts lay Bar4 real eoodltlou before Uo departaaeat. He left Ue vessel with ont leave, weat Vo Washiastsw-waa tried by court-martial )oa the shaxre ot deserting hi ship, and aoapeaded from datya lor two rears. The Pinta lay perfectly helpless natfl too early part of April, whea Lleat. Hodgson, la command, received orders ta tinker her ee that bo could be takoa to Mare lslaad tor tvamtna-tlon and repair. Bhe was thaa patched np a little and slowly taken to Sen FraMtaeo, aad le aew absent, aad haa bean absent alaoe about Ua 1st of May. It ta reported here, throagh letters received by Ue wives f evneers. left ae-hlad, Uat, having undergoes repairs, the Plata woold eail from Mare Island tor Sitka Uo 1st ot this month. Bo much for one of the war Tonls In Alaskan waters for Ue protection at the seal Interests of Ue United States. The Thetle. ue other war vessel. Is only sneh tn name. She may be properly described ne a partially unarmed are tie cruiser. Dbs la also a wooden ship, with about ten feet af eobd Urn- -ber in ber forward bulkhead tor batting aretie Ice. I have been aboard of her half a doaaa times ta this harbor. She Is armed wiu oae Whttworth gnn and two Gatllnga, She remained bore one week after coming ap treat San Frea. eleoe and left for the westward on Jwae 7. Commander Stooktoa informed me that he was las tr acted tojola the Bear, revenue cotter, at Ooaelaaka, and proceed thence tn eonaort to Iolct Barrow te establish a relief staUoeat uat point, where a bouse would be built, store placed, and a refuge established for shipwrecked men from aretie whaling vessels, aftar which be woold return to Sitka to await orders. He directly stated that he had nothing to do in connection with the sealing business. Last year the Thetis, under Commander Emory, visited Ue Aretie and breaght out a large aumbsr of shipwrecked whalemen aad rescued a v. era! whaling ship, reaching hare Oct, 8s waited a month for orders and Uea proceeded to aaa Francisco. The mission of the Thetis tela year ta the same as last, with Ue exoeptloa that In addition to bringing out shipwrecked sailor sbe ta required to aid la Uo eetabliaameat of Uo refuge at Point Barrow, orged and taoeoaw mended by Commander Emory after hi return) from tb cruise of last year. lastead ot having two war snipe la flbe water for the protection of oar seeling Uta eatswe baraVonrT'e have lire reveane eat tors in Bearing Sea Tho Bosh, one ef theata was assigned to sealer duty. The Bear, eom-mndsd by Capt. Healey, wae aot eeat oa Uat mission, buf earned the materials fsr the aoaaa of refuge at Point Barrow, in Ue Aretie Ocean, and Ue neeeesary stores, wiu orders to eo operate with Ue Tbeus In publishing Ue refuge. Looking at Ue distance from here even, the lateness of the season Jane 21 when Ue Bear and Ue Thetis reads voasod as Oonalaska with the thousands of mils still before them to Point Barrow, say aas oaa see at a glance bow much time either et theee vessels would have after IU first duty at Polat Barrow ta completed to look after Ua sealing bast-ne. By Oct 1 the seal will hsve got so stagy Uat the skins are not fit for the market, aad by Nov, 1 vessel must get oat of Be Ji ring Sea to escape Imminent dangers. The faet ta that the vicinity of St. Paul and et George lslaad. ths seal rookeries, laze la October aad early la November ta one maa of moving Ice, hazardous in Ue extreme to ship of any kind, The seals have gone, and even the Alaska Commercial Company at Uat date abaadoa tbe Island to their few ageau there, wao look attes Ueir stores, and to Ue natives, aad make ao attempt to reach the Islands until late ta the Spring again. It may be Interesting to the readers of Tns Tints, in view ot Ue tooling existing In regard . to Ue seizure aad escape of Ue Black Diamond, to know something about what Great Brlteia has on tbe North Paoifle coast in Ue way of a naval foreo wiU which to resent any action takoa by Uo present United States V easels in attempting to atop contraband scaling in Ua waters of Bohr-ing Sea. Only three weeks ago a British aeet consisting of the Swifteure, Amphloa, aad I sarins visited Alaskaat waters, anekiag a prss-tloe eralse among Ue lslaad et the Alsxasdrlan Archipelago a f ar up aa J uneaa, 1 bO Bailee aorta-east of Uls place. All Uree of Ueee vessel are ot modera build and armament aad have a permanent eutlon at Enqniinaalt, the aew and complete British naval station, ealy a tew mile from Victoria. While Ue reveaae cutter Bush may bo able throagh bar armament to capture contraband sealer which carry no other anna thaa Ue small rifles with waicn sesia are ziueo. all or our war anipe aaa revenue eutters on Ue North Paelfle coast h addled together would aot make a mouthful for either the Swifuure, the Amphloa. or tao I carina, which always remain within striking distance It I true Uat, doubtless, wamay have oftieers who would be willing to am aia is Capt. Lawrence, la an order not to give ap the ship, and such vessels as we have might meet Ue heroic fate of Ue Chesapeake; but it la humiliating to aa American to be compelled to remain here aad bo Ue silent -itnsss of taese contrasts, so disreputable to ourselves aa a nation, aad to feat Ust in an emergency oar ea-tlre poaaesaion on this upper coast are aabtaet to unobstructed reprisal. There ta aot one Amerioaa snip betweea tho British boundary en the south aad Ue Aretie Ocean, and haa not been for years, aad ae immediate prospect ot any, Uat woald stand uo fire of any one of the three British war vessels I have named for Ave minute. These facta are known to almost every Amerioaa maa. woman, aad child in Alaska. So feeble are our resources to protect important Interests hers that Capt. Shepherd of Ue reveaae eatter ' Bush. Ue captor ot Ue Black Diamond, waa unable to spare more than oao common aallor, who ta now here, to attempt a a prize crew to bring the Black Diamond Into this port for condemnation by the courts. Be did aot get tbe vessel hers, but he himself waa made a prisoner. The v easel waa rescued by tu era w aad taken to It home port, Victoria, Ua tarnlag Us laugh of the entire world apoa oar effort to protect oar In teres t In Be bring Bea. RCDOLPira a tv a m in a b6ok. Trvm Uu teutos IVwfa, L arousal VeUera, the mother of the beraiM of the Crown Prlnos Radolph's eatastropbe, recently published a history of Uo friendship between tho Crown Prlnco aad her daughter, wlU numerous letter, tbe object being to ahow that she was sat herself aa accessory to Uo affair. Thla book was published at Leipele. bat lu circulation has beeni torbtddea la Austria. Oer-maay. aad Russia, ao U Baroness commenced aeronatioa wiU a view to Ue publiestloa ot a full translation la London. I hear Uat Ua Prince of Wale has takea a great deal of troa-ble to atop Ue appearaaee of the book, which could ealy cause a palatal and mlsehtaveae scandal, and in deference ta hi advice tao Baroness has reluctantly abandoned the project. CARMIAOKM roM A MVLTAM. fyrm 1X4 LcnAen WtriA. , Two magnificent carriage, at Oriental design, have Just been built in London tor the Emperor of Morocco. One I a hansom cab, ef green aad gold, which la to be drawn by led mala, aa there is ao driver's seat The ether te a . palanquin, which ta to be earrted by tws males, instead of by human bearers, Tbo Interior ta sumptuously decorated wiu greee silk, aad tao asat ta eo arranged that Ue Emperor oaa alt etoa logged If so disposed. Oa Uo right sta U a little cupboard, whkh contains a four eh sen' bared revolver. wlU silt barraia aad aa Ivory stock, nad a receptacle for ammaaltioa. On Ue left are a word-sock aad otber woe peas, sad also a letter Bex sad writing stand, lbs palaa-quia ta iBgealOwSly made, se that eprtage aad , waeele oaa at any ttme be added. - i i.