The New York Times from New York, New York on March 29, 1875 · Page 1
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The New York Times from New York, New York · Page 1

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J. t. , A i r VOL. XXIV -SO. 7342. XEW-YOKK, MONDAY, MAECH 29, .1875. WITH SUPPLEMENT. PRICE FOUR CENTS. . . . - . At . -' A THE GREAT STATE FRAUDS. LATEST ASPECT OF THE SITUATION , IX ADANY. af XrSV1VAlS SCMBKR O.F POLITICIANS PASSING PUNDAT AT ' THE CAPITAL . ' IMPORTANT ACTION OF GOV. TILDEN "H AT WAS ACTUALLT MSI BT IHI ircwiLATrnr ox the commission bb- BOLCTIOX - A : MISCXDERSTANDIXQ A PLAX DEVELOPING TO OVERLOAD TUB COMMISSION - OR BALANCE IT WITH - COCXTER-tXTXCEXCES. BptmaX Dissatih to'Uis Hsf-Torh Ttmm. lbant, March 28. The capital is ex-troXC-JT quiet to-night, notwithstanding the fact that there ere is the cia a larger number sf prcirlnent mfmben of the Legislature than S3 ery previous-Sunday of tb aessioa. Among iJkio are -Senator Lord, Wood, Sellcrer, Cole, aed Bradley; Speaker McGuire, Davis, and td.er tac-nibera of tbe Assembly. There has lees t-ruifci.if rable caucusing and consultation, gad with-it a great deal of seriousness evident at the otinds of. those moat directly concerned ia the canal controversy, i JBB 'GOVERNOR ACTINft WITH PTERGT AND j ' . FBOJCPTrTTOE. . Gov. Tilden baa been quite retired ' to-day, taluS rest preparatory to tbe coming excite-e;t at tbe week, bat tbat be ia not neglecting: Ihe main question tbe prompt pushing of all neaiorfa to inaare thoroapb and early action oo the vko'e canal anbject ia evident from tbe actirini" activity which he manifested during ttc past "week. One of his last acta in relation tettia great popular movement was completed jsstsrday, when be dispatched two engineers U moke a close examination of- the jtrMeut condition of contract -work on the Erie Cioai The. engineers are men of large practical experience-, thoroughly versed in tbe de-tcila of canal " construction, repairs, and tha teatr t system generallyi Neither of them ia at present Interested in canal affairs outside of its duties with which they are now intrusted, tal an impartial, exhaustive, and thorough report will be made. Their .mission relates mainly to the way in which ousting contracts are being carried t, as will embrace, am one others, the coc- traet awf.rdbd to Horace Candee in, October, 1574, which wasprinted in The Trues of Thurs -dy last. .That contract was for tbe building, of tie slope on the Jordan Level, near Syra-ca, -and , coiaparstiYelv little work has t been done on re bo toe inquirers the wJl have an opporton-ty of Judging, fm whether j any such work is needed, an A text, how the orijnnal oiScial ert-'mate pom-jares with the amount bid, and whether or not i'jeas one-half or two-thirds of tte classes of fork provided for by tbe contract could poetry he seeded on a section presentins: the caore-pbioa jand topojrrapbioal features which tuifk this particular section of the canal. . A SnSCyDEESTASDUTO AS TO THE LEGrSt-ATTVa actio. It stoTT appears that there has been a general risuaderatandine throughout the prese reports &lut the flral action of the Senate, oh resolu-twa which came up before, that body on Friday. It was generally supposed that the Eitite had eononrred in the House reaolu-Cod. as cSTored Vy Mr. Faulkner,' and amended on motion of Mr. Waehner, and ' that tbev.-had amended and then adopted tbe Schuyler resolution, providing for the appoint-BMit by the Governor of a Commission ot In-est'Kation. o action was taken by the Senate on either ot tbe Assembly resolutions, and tte only one adopted . was that in relation to a commission, which waa . tbe joint product of Senators Lord, Woodin, and Jacobs. Use resolution-providing for a joint committee was. on motion of Senator Jacobs, taken, rt!n the table, bat no final action" waa bad on it, aa.l cp to this time tbere haa been no concurrent action by either house, and there is no resolution creating any form of investigation yet completed- A 8CHZXE TO UAO THE COJUCIS6IOK DOWK. There u considerable talk to-night of the probability of an amendment being offered in the noose to charge the commiasionj already provided for by the Senate resolution" with inquiring also into alleged frauds and abuses in tLe pablio printing contracts. The movement eeneraUy regarded, however, as a very ahal-low device for the embarrassment and 'virtual Euliidcation of tbe labors of tbe commiaeion. t most, it would be but balancing the inter est of one ring against another, and thus, aa a eatter of mutual interest, compelling each to ttert ita influence in the other's be half for joint salvation. In its present aspect, the com-BL&iion will be equally weighted as to the pa lite of its members on both .aides, and there ia hut tittle good to be expected from rj labors if two party questions or issues are submitted to tbens at one time. . Tbe Governor and all Lie f needs are opposed to anvauch Bovcmeat, and sar tbey believe ' one thing at a time" will be enough ; that the State Priaon. printing, public buildings, and all similar great &tate contracts can be investigated' later sad separately, and that ' each one will aocbtlesa - be ibund - important, - intrf-eaie, and extenaiva enough 'to merit the attention of separate inquiry. It is probable that Senators Woodin and Wood will debate the Governora Message in the Senate to-morrow night. The impression' ia very tEeral that tbe House -will concur in tbe Seiate Conuoiasion resolution without debate.' IHE TWEEDS OF ROCHESTER. ft? fv . . i 77 w k M.wv-v w rr r . w t. iif ras loss family; a fixaxcters ast . 1EGISLA TOES TBI tOBD WATER WORKS AST) PUBLIC wORKS BOARD A 6 VI LI I tAW 8WITTT.T KXECCTED SILEXCIXO CPPOSmoS THE IXTTIATED BRIBED A3TD TUB BOXEST TERRIFIED BOXD8 .- I?5CTD IX EXCKSS OF THE.ArTHOHlZEp , AMOCXT AXD SOLD CONTRAST TO LAW THE IXTEBKST PAID FROM THE PROCEEDS OF THS SALES TO ATERT TBE RArtE OF OUTRAGED TAX-PATXRS ' SWIXDL1XQ tX TBE WATER WORKS COX-TRACTS GEORGE D. LORD THE, RF.AL COXTRACTOR, SIGNING AS THE CLERK" - OF TBE PRETEXDED CONTRACTOR. Sfosl Zjptek to t ynf-ro.-s Tuma EocutsrER, N. March 25. The Lords -i a poxition ia this place aioular to tbat belt! b7 the Tweeda in JJew-Tork prior to their ea-m Jhe Times. TLo former own many of Rochester's lagialators- uuwl Lave mine of Hh' in the Rochester ring, f which "ld Jarre," as he-.' is called, is the koss." He has ' his Commissioners of r-works and public works appointed under aobsaid through bis collusions snd deal. with Tammany, and makes tbe city sup-pvt hint and all tbe members of Ins family royally. He sad George "The Silent," as ha is e ailed here, are the power ia the Rochester rinx, but their operations have been ao thoroughly exposed ia The Tikes aa to have awakened the good people ef Rochester and unsealed the lips of those who for years have been ail ant through fear of the family. Their tricks with . eon-tractars have been curious and peculiar, and such as to have made tbe Lords a host of -enemies whom they despised once, but will be crushed , by now. Aa canal operators the Senator and the M Silent " have been wonderfully successful, but it is as improvers of the city of Rochester that their remarkable talents for financiering and legislating are manifested. ' The Senator is the legislator. George is the financier, although, as will be seen in the history of his efforts to obtain and control the Board ofWater Commissioners, he has talent for both. In Rochester, their home, the Lords are not quite ao well understood aa they are elsewhere, becauae they hare takem care to hoodwink the people, bribe, the initiated, and terrify tbe honest. There are some,, however, jfully cognizant of their misdeeds in this place, the record of which is related in tbia way by them. THE ROCHESTER WATER-WORKS A REMARK-ABLK RECORD. In 1870, G. D. Lord, then member of Assembly for the Second District of Monroe County, introduced a bill into the Assembly foe the construction of water-works in the City of Rochester. It passed the Assembly, but it was so unpopular at home that Jarvis Lord, Senator tor this district, did not dare to push it in the- Senate. It provided for the expenditure of $400,000 for preliminary surveys, and commissioners were named in the bill, which was perhaps one of the etrongest objections to it. because the persons so named were fuglemen of the Lords and well known to be ready to do their bidding. . HEAPING-OFF OtTT.StPE CAPITALISTS. : The following year Dr. J. C. Ayer, of Massachusetts, and his associates private capital ists applied to the Legislature for permission to organize a company to build water-works . in the City of Rochester. But these being the days of Tammany, and the Lords being known to Tweed & Co. aa anxious that water-works, if constructed at all, should be constructed by them, the latter quietly killed the bill, and allowed to be passed .one introduced br Georre D. Lord, tbe provsions of which are ' as follows t The Mayor of the city was authorized to appoint five Commissioners, to have control of the construction of the water-works of Rochester, employ engineers, surveyors, end such other persons as in their opinions might be necessary to arrange the preliminaries to .this work. Tbey were also empowered to borrow upon .the credit of .the city, at seven' per cent, interest, such a sum of money as in their judgment, with the concurrence ot the Mayor, waa needed to carry out ihe plan agreed upon. To do this the commission were authorized to issue bonds on the 'City of Rochester, signed by the Mayor and; tbe President of the Board of Water Commissioners, the Common Council being required to raise from time to time, by taxation, a sum ficient to pay the interest on them. : swirr actiox ox the hew law. ' This act was passed late on Friday night, -April 2Tth, signed by the Governor on Saturday, brought - home that night in George . Lord's pocket, submitted to Msyor Wilder immediately, and the commission must have been ap pointed on Sunday, as they were officially announced . in Monday morning's papers. They were Roswell. Hart. Kdward it. Smith, William H. Bowman, Gil man H. Perkins, and Charles C. Morse. . Mr. ' Hart waa Mail Service Superintendent in tbe Post Office Department at the time of his appointment; Mr. Smith was Postmaster of Rochester Mr. Bowman was a henchman of the Lords, ana bad recently moved to the city from Brockport ; Perkins was a wholesale grocer ; and Morse - a manufacturer ef boots and shoes. ' ' PUBLIC ESTIMATE OF TBS 8CHE3f K. The citizens considered the. whole operation as a swindle, gotten up in the interest of the Lords friends, who owned most of the commissioners. Mayor Wilder bad 'been elected, it was more than suspected, through the Lord influence, although he claimed to be a Republican, and be permitted George Lord to nominate the Commissioners. CREATIOX OF A BOARD OF PUBLIC WORKS. On the 20th of May, 1872, a provision was in; corpora ted into an act entitled An act to amend the several acts relating to the City of Roebeater. limiting .the. amount of bonds which the Water Commissioners might issue to $3,-000,000, and fixing the compensation of the Commissioners at $5 a day each. That act also created a Commission af Publio Works, to tT appointed by the Mayor, and was engineered through the Legislature by Lord. Tbia placed ia the hands of this noted family all the city improvements. Their operations . under it will be detailed hereafter, but their attention haa been chiefly engrossed by the management of their valuable eanal and water-worka contracts. rrxTLrxo tbe -toice of the cttizexs. : j The city resited these impositions upon it, and by authority of the Common Council actions were brought to restrain the issue of these Crater-works bonds upon the ground that the Legislature bad no power under tae Constitutions of the State and of the United States to force upon a municipal corporation against its will a work of such magnitude and auch an enormoua debt. These actions were carried to the Court of Appeals, where the validity of both acts was sustained, Chief Judge Church writing one of the opinions. An appeal from the decision of the Court of Appeals in the water-worka ease was' taken to the Supreme Court of the United States, but was. afterward discontinued ' by a vote of the Common Council of tbia city, but ot until after George Lord had managed to becesoe aa Alderman for this ex press purpose, which he no doubt enacted by the same anumeut so potent la the Legislature of those days: The decision of the Court of Appeals was claimed by counsel for the City as ia direct conflict with the authorities, and partio-ularly with the decision rendered in the case of Bailey vs. City of "ew-York. BOW THE COMMIS-MOX " CSED THK.IB POWER. Tha commission did not- wait long before putting into operation tbe power Tted in them. In the first place, tbey had plana, eur-reya, and estimates made by Lord'a eaaal estimate engineers. Thev issued, instead of $3,000,000. 1300.000 of . City Water-worki bonds, and sent them to a trust company ia Now-York? for sale. They also, it ia aaid. employed a firm ia New-Tork, Rob-ttson, Chase Sr. Co.. to sell the bonds for a commission of ona par cent, a direot violation of the act, which said they should not be sold tor less than par. The truss opey saapeaaea at the time ot the panic with these bonds im their hands, but tbey were afterward recovered without serious loss to the city. HOW GEORGE "THE BILEST" WORKS. ' la dSe time tha Commissioners went through the form of receiving bids for the work and letting contracts, bnt it was so well known that nobody would obtain the contract except George D. Lord that honest men did not bother their heads about it. Tbe contract was finally given to one J. McDonald, who resides somewhere in ' the eastern -part of the State, but who is well known to have been only George D. Lord's representative, for all the work has been done by and the compensation therefor paid to George D. Lord, who signs McDonald's name to necessary papers, "per George D. Lord." Work wss begun ia the SdHd ef 1873, and Mr. Lord has the disposal of it all, even to subletting work, engaging bands, and buying material. An illustration of what :. he can -do in this direction may be found in the following little episode related to me by a prominent citizen of Rochester to-day. Hemlock Lake is twenty-eight miles south of Rochester, and is the natural reservoir from which the city is to be supplied with water by means of mains to be laid northwardly to the city. These pipes are to be made of boiler iron, and will take quite a large slice pf tbe expenditure. George D. Lord, in order to make it appear that ha was anxious to get this part of the work done as cheaply as possible, bad his engineer send for a prominent manufacturer in this material. This gentleman occupies an' influential ' position 1 in Rochester, and on calling was referred ' by the engineer to G. .D. Lord, who offered him' the job if he would agree to construct the conduit pipes in lengths of 100 feet, and deliver them on the line of work at eight and one-quarter cents a pound. The gentleman declined, be-canse it was impracticable to make and transport for so long a distance ' pipe in sections of that length. Mr. Lord immediately contracted with Lis friend, Mr. Leigh ton, tbe bridge builder, for $400,000 worth of pips at ten cents per pound, in lengths of twenty-eight feet. There has been no change in the. commis sion, except that created by the resignation of jar. omnn, ins .rosimasier, wno was suceeeaeu by Fliny M. Bromley, on whose death, last Pall,' John Bower was appointed. A COAT OF WHITEWASH. ' ! This last new Commissioner, ioon after ap-' pointment, at the requeatof the Common Council, made a statement respecting the condition of the commission finances, in which he saul that the actual cost of tbe work -when completed would not vary $100,000 from the limit fixed by the Legislature. Now it appears that on tbe 1st of January last $2,400,000 hsd been expended, but the work is not-more than half done. PATTSO THE rVTKKEST FKOX PROCEEDS OF THE BALES OF THE BONDS. It has leaked out within a tew days that the interest on the bends to the amount of $300,000, which should have been paid by a tax on the city, as provided by the act. has been paid by the Commissioners out of the proceeds of the sale of tbe bonds, for the - purpose of preventing the inevitable outbreak of pub-, lie wrath against the rascally piece of legislation procured by George D. Lord in 1872. i An' effort is now being made by the Commissioners to procure the passage of a law authorizing tbe issue of $200,000 of city bonds to cover this interest, and permitting them to fund the interest as it shall become due. . CKBLrSHilfQ FRAUD IX COSTRACTISC. " In describing the manner in which the Lords have secured contracts by remarkable bidding, some of the business men say that when the Commissioners were about to receive proposals to furnish them with materials for certain work, the' Lords' estimate would be made in this war : The award tor laying the conduit was made to - George D. Lord at $1 a thousand for hard-burned brick laid for a certain number of miles. After he got the contract he managed matters with the Commissioners' so as to be allowed to sub-let it to his friend Leighton, who is to make iron pipe instead of brick at about $7 a foot, which would make it cost something like $36,960 per mile for the mere material. The Lords contrived to put in bids which would, defy competition, and when the award was made Lord; had nothing to do but change it to suit himself. . DES1GKB OX THE OAS WORKS AXD FIRE DEPART MEXT. These contracts have turned out so well generally, that Geqige Lord is anxious to bring within the system the Gas and Fire Departments of the city. It ia fair to assume that he would have succeeded were it not for the Times' exposure of his practices and projects. TERROR TX THE CAMP, "Sow he is alarmed, and was seen last night and to-night with Frank Lord and his crobies ia close converse, consulting as to the best way of stemming the current of publio opinion, which is about to sweep away the whole tricky brood. It ia true u Old Jarve" and " The Silent" have been diligently striving to turn aside the general feeling of aversion against them by denying the charges made and supported so crushingly in The Times of Friday and Saturday. The libel suit pending between Jarvis Lord . and the Rochester Printing Company, for publishing, in a general - war, the corrupt practices of the cunning family, discloses specifically that not only were the statements with regard to the canal contracts between George D. Lord, Lewis J. Bennett, Andrew Spalding, and Hand true, but also many other transactions of a imiltr character were fully known to the son-tractors and are set in the answer to the complaint in nnmistakable terms. THE STATE DEFRAUDED OF A XILLIOX DOLLARS. By their ingenious contrivances ia this stretching and assigning of contracts, the Lords, with the aid of Willard Johnson. "vNTil- liam Mudgett. Royal G. Briggs, Valentine Whitmore, John Kiley. Daniel McGarry, Wnd others, it is alleged defrauded the State out of nearly $1,000,000. STILL MORE STOLES FROM ROCHESTER. From what is of record ia this city, it is evident that the Lords have had their ha ads in the local purse even more .deeply than ia that of the State, aad while they are looked up to as . leaders, are despised as tricksters in politics and public movements. Thej both differ frera Tweed in this regard. He was considered a munificent raa-eal, always wfllin- te share his ohiader with those who had aided hisa ia obtaining U. The Lords bear ' the reputation of misers, who never pay a bill of $i or $6 on its presentation, and who never divide their gains, evea as agreed on, if they can help it. Some ugly stories are told of them ia this eoaaectioa. which the lateness of the hour will not permit me to relate. ' At all events, their boasted popularity is Bogus, iaad they will have quite enough to do attend- ing to home affairs ia a day or. two without watching the Governor. The Rochester Rmg is doomed. - SPECIMEN FRAUDS. TBE BLACK ROCK HARBOR COXTRACT HOW MB.- BARXETT REMOVED SOME WALL ' BEXCHES," AXD WBAT HI CHARGED FOR IT GEORGE B. BHERRILL'S ' WORK OX A " FEEDER " GREAT SUCCESSES OF , THE LORD FAMILY AS CLAIMANTS. . . The ingenuity displayed by the Canal Ring ia revamping old worn-out contracts, and making them a second time tbe means of swindling the State, is as untiring as it is extraor dinary. jStealing on a fresh contract is comparatively easy, but to rob where the power to rob is generally supposed to be exhausted develops an amount of skillfulneas ' aad dexterity that the coolest of common plunderers might . envy. In this branch of the business . the house : of Lord, as may well be supposed, has not been inactive, and where tney themselves have not cared to follow up a thrice-paid claim into its fourth doubling, they have graciously bestowed the power to do so on some " dummy" or' personal friend of the family. This was conspicuously the case in the Black Rock Harbor contract, details of which have already been published in The Times. Here it will be remembered that Geo: ge D. Lord, after running his original contract from $43,500 up to $78,000, introduced a bill into the Legislature to pay an additional "award" of $119,203 49. After this extracting four and a half times as much juice from his orange as he had any right to expect, the geuorous Lord turned the squeezed remnant over to Ertward B. Van Deusen, who pledged himself to fini&h the work, with some additions, for $124,5-'t5. This the Canal Board assented to, against the earnest protest of Attorney General Barlow. Hie resolution to tbia effect passed tbe board on the 124th of August. 187 Z On the Slst of January, 1873, a communication was received from Van Deusen complaining that the Buffalo sewers discharged into the canal at a point covered by his contract, and asking that action be taken to compel the city authorities to divert its sewers, or pay him the cost of extra pumping, &el In this manner Mr. Van Deusen laid the foundation for a future claim of the moat elastic character. Subsequently the same work was again relet for twice tbe sum originally bid by Van Deusen, and is still uncompleted,' although upward of $50030 has been expended upon it. ' ' J. M. BABXETT. - Next to Albany and Buffalo, the vicinity of Utica seems to have been unusually prolific in the way of canal " steals " by means of " nu-balanced " bids. One of the lateat of these eases which has come to light is that of J. M. Bamett, This gentleman, it appears, contracted to remove the wall benches and construct the slope wall from Ferguson's Aqueduct, on the Erie Canal, to the east line of the City of Utica, ana from Potter's Bridge to Lock No. 46, 106 chains in length, for $G,075. Of earth excavation the Engineer's estimates demanded 10,000 yards at ten cents per yard. The quantity paid for was 44,538 yards. In the wsy of rock excavation tbe contract called for 100 yards, but as the price was only $3 per yard the obliging Engineer contrived to get along with that number, and let Mr. Barnett make - it up on the embankment, for which the price was forty cents. Barnett made it up from 500 yards to 23.851. for which he realized $9,540 40, or just $3,340 40 more than his contract allowed.- Any mule-driver on the bank, not to say the mule itself, could have guessed nearer the amount required than the " disinterested engineer." The same is true of this H estimate" for hemlock timber, which in the contract was stated at 5,000 feet, and for which Barnet received pay for" 168.000 feet. Tbe contract priced however, was $33 per thousand, about two and a half times the market rates, which may account for the difference. Of hard wood at $15 per thousand, the original estimate . was swelled in a similar manner to 12,000 feet, and in other, items the same fraudulent process is equally unmistakable. Altogether tbe original amount of the contract waa increased over four hundred per cent., or to $25,-374 97. Not content with this, Barnett eecured from his " engineer," in the way of " extra work," $16,000 worth of vertical wall in cement, not one word of which jhad been said in the original document, together with rock-dressed masonry to the value ot $12,000, and additional items which swelled the total to over $65,000. A New-Tork builder who would contract to build a $65,000 house tor $6,500, would be deemed a fit candidate for Bloomingdale. A eanal engineer," ho wever, can do the thing and be considered " one of: the most skilled gentlemen in his profession." And so he is. GEORGE B. BHERRLLL. A contract of George B. SberrilTs for a vertical wall on the berme aad tow-path sides of the Glen's Falls feeder, in the village of Sandy Hill, ia another excellent sample of the way in which the Canal Engineers play into the hands of the contractors. For excavation of earth which waa ' originally estimated at 5,000 yards, the Engineera measurements returned a tots! of 13,100. In the same way, 2,508 cubic yards of vertical wall were laid ' in cement, where the contract called, for only 280. Of course the fact that Sherrill received $5 per yard for this class of wrk had nothing to do with the change. In lining and puddling, where the original estimates were 50 and 100 yards respectively, the amounts paid for were 4,497 yards in both eases. As this work was rated at $1 per yard, the supposition is that the contractor found lining " and. puddling" to be .his most profitable items, and improved them accordingly. LORD AXD HIS HOPEFUL BOXS. The action and advantage taken by the Lord family ia canal matters disclose some very interesting facts in connection with their legislative proceedings. It is authoritatively stated that by the careful taaawuvring ' of Senator Jarvis Lord ia 1870 bo secured to himself and sons the neat little sum of $51,796 31. The Democratic ' Legislature, ia which Mr. Lord was Chairman of the '-' Senate Finance Committee, inserted a clause ia chapter 653 ef the laws of 1871 making provision " for the payment of the sxpsnses of the ordinary repairs of the completed canal of this State, and tor the sums that may become doe to the contractors for' repairs, aad fur moneys and interest thereon heretofore expended ia reparation of breaches and e&sua!-tiee." Under this, which it is said was effected by Mr. Lord's ageaey. waa authorized a second payment for work which their contract required the contractors to perform, aad which had been paid far already. Under tbia clause it is charged that the new claims thua authorized had been presented during 1870 and 1871, some by the original con tractors and some through assignees. Among the payments made of new claims the following are recorded : . PhmoPiM. Data ef CnatraeL Ameant. Georjre D. Lord 18&4 $a,643 08 Jama Lord lfH7 16.726 M . D. Lord l-4 7,231 37 Frank D. Lord letfiti S.169 66 G. D. Laid Ie6l . 13,023 4a Total... ..$21,796 il - This is one of many skillful pieces of legislation said to have been procured ia the Canal Ring interests by the Lords. They benefited directly as claimants in some instances, and aa assignees in other. The names of other eon tractors and the assignees of new claims under the clause above cited are forthcoming. This is only one of the many phases of eaaal jobbery and robbery now coming to light, and the exposure of which is inevitable. SPAIN. THE CARLIST PROVINCES REFUSING 6UP-' PLIES FURTHER ADHESION'S TO THE RAXES OF ALFONSO. London', March 23. It is reported from Estella that 'deputies from the four provinces occupied by; the Carlista have met to consider the request sof Don Carlos for contributions, and have replied that the country ia exhausted, fresh sacrifices are impossible, and Don Carlos ought to procure funds abroad. This they obstinately maintained, notwithstanding that Don Carlos has threatened to retire from Spain. Dispatches from Madrid report ' that Don Carlos has ordered persons found reading Cabrera's manifesto to be shot. There have been additional instances of the fraternization of the Carlist and Government troops on the banks of tbe Ona. In one of tbe Carlist camps placards headed "Viva peace, the fueros, and Gen. Cabrera," have been posted. The Government announces that six Carlist Generals, three Colonels, and many other officers have entered France and declared their adhesion to King Alfonso. A telegram from Santander asserts, on the Other hand, that the hope of settling the war by a convention is fast dying out. Gen. Loma is expected there to meet a threatened invasion of the province. Don Carlos, with sixteen battalions and artiller r, is marching on Ramales, twenty-five miles from Santander. ' GERMANY. THE GU8TAV OtTTHAGE PAYJfXXT OF A POH- . TIOX OF THE SPACTBR ISDEMNITT. , Loxdox, March 23. Spain has paid to Germany 11,000 thalern of the indemnity for the Gustav outrage. ITALY. GOVERNMENT AID TO EXHIBITORS AT THE PHILADELPHIA CEXTKXXIAL. Rome, March 23. L' Opinion e says the Government' has decided to give assistance within certain limits to Italian exhibitors in the United States Centennial Exposition; but it proposes to appeal mainly to individual effort, and will recommend that only such articles be sent as are of exceptional merit and great codoP mercial importance. ' - GERMANY. -.J THE ROMAX CATHOLIC BISHOPS TO MEET IX CONFERENCE. Berlin, March 23. The Roman Catholic Bishops of Prussia are to hold a conference at Fulda next Tuesday. BISMARCK XOT TO BE MADE DUKE OF LAUEXBURG. Loxdox, March 29 &30 A. M. The Cologne Gazette says there is no truth in tbe report that Prince Bismarck is to bo made Duke of Lauenburg. FRANCE, DEATH OF A MEMBER OF THE ASSEMBLT POLICE RAID OX ENGLISH BETTING OFFICES IX PARIS. Paris, March. 23. Edgar Quinet, the distinguished author and member of the Assembly from Paris, is dead. The Police to-day made a descent on all the English betting offices, and seized the books and cash found on the premises. - AUSTRIA. THE MOXTJMEXT TO MAIIMILIAX TO BE CX-VEILED IX APRIL. ' Loxdox, March 29. A special dispatch to the Times from Trieste says great preparations are. being made for the inauguration of the monument in memory of Maximilian. The ceremony takes place early in April. All the companions of the Emperor in Mexico have been invited to attend. MARINE DISASTER. WRECK OF A FRENCH .VESSEL RESCUE OF TBE CREW. Loxdox, March 29 5 A. M. The The-ophile Marie, from St, Marks, Fla. for Havre, has foundered.' Her crew were saved. TERRIBLE SUFFERINGS AT SEA. A NEWFOUNDLAND WRECKING PARTT CARRIED OFF OX FLOATING ICE THIRTEEX MEN FROZE TO DEATH ARRIVAL OF TEX OF THE aURVTVORS LX BALTIMORE. ' Sptetat DUpalrm U the JTnsTork TVm. " Baltimore, Md.. March 28. The steam-ship Xurnherg. which arrived here Oram Bremen to-day, brooght a portion ef tbe wrecking crew picked up off tbe coast ef Newfoundland under dia treating cireumatsnces. Oa the morning ef the S3d in at. the Nuraberg sighted a schooner with her ensign at half-mast, and oa bearing down waa aaked to take aboard tea men who had bean saved from ahipwreck. A boat waa aentv and the man were brought' aboard aad told a pitiful etory. ' Tbey said they were a portion ef a party of thirty-four fishermen belonging to St. Mary's, Newfoundland, who oa tbe morning of March S atarted to board aa ice-bound ahip two mUea from shore. They foand the vessel deserted by the erew. aad as tbey could sot Immediately do anything w,ith her tbey atarted ia the afteraoea te letara. Whea they had eroeaed the too ia the morning it wss send, bat toward sight H opened, sad before they had msde half a mile ef the retain Jeuraey they found thesaaetvea cat off xroxa shore aad isolated oa aoatiajrice. That night waaapeatea the ice, aad ao terrible waa the sold that saves of the saea froae te death. Seat day. the 3d of March, all who ware able to move made their way back te ths sea-beaad ship, bat were compelled to abtadoa ea Its ks u!s men who are Uo feeble te walk. Three ef these were aab q neatly r cnnd by tae schooner Oeorge S. Fegg ea March a, tae ether eix having perished, making ia all tbirtsea victims. The maa who returned to ths ship foand n thing to est bat molasses, the only thing beaidaa salt te be aoead, aad their safferiags were terrible. The toe gradually broke ap, and tbe vernal drifted oat to sea, remaining ia eight of the const, however, tor sheets week. The am remained ia the ahip an til tbe Uth ef March, whea they sighted tbe assae schooner which had rescued their eeawadee, aad. reached it ta a host. There were aew tweaty-eae the man ' ia this schooner, ' eleven of were transferred te other vessels before ahe was met by the Nam berg. The men brought hero were taken ia charge by the British Conenl and will be sent home. . They cannot tell the name ef the ice-boo nd skip, hut suppose that ahe was of French nationality. .. i ' THE ICE-GORGED RIVERS. THE SUSQUEHANNA. THE . WEST. BRANCH RISING CONTTNTJATIOX OF THE THAW CONDITION . OF THE . GLEX UNION GORGE. : Special DbnefaA to IA Krm-Yarh Timm. Rknovo, Penn., March 28. A dispatch received here to-night from Clearfield, which is si tasted near tbe head-waters of ihe West Branch ef ths Snsqoehanns, isports that at 3 o'clock ia the after noon the rlvor had risen three feet, aad waa still rising rapidly. The thaw haa loosened tbe ios ea the tributaries, ' and tbe " most .experienced lumbermen aay that the Ice mast move to-night, At this point the river has risen daring ths dsy three feet, aad mooh ef the slosh ice baa moved down ea the Glen Union gorge. . During the past week a channel about two miles ia length opened near the southern ahore of the nver at the lower end of the Glen Union gorge. Great masses of ice detached Irora the mala gorge by the thaw floated into this channel yesterday, and within an hoar filled it completely up. Tbe water ia tbe river below the gorge has risen four feet to-dayv . LOCK HAVEN IN IMMEDIATE DAXGER A TELEGRAPH STATION AT QUEEN'S BCW THE PHILADELPHIA AND ERIE BRIDGE WEIGHTED WITH LOADED . COAL CARS. ' 8rdalDipatehtUf ITtw-TorkTimua. Lock Haven, Penn., March 28. A telegraph office was erected at the Queen's Run bridge, a shsrt distance above tbia town, to-day. Immediate danger ia apprehended. The office will be kept open day arid night until tu danger la oast. The bridge is owned by the Philadelphia and re Railroad Company, snd to-day tbirty-fl ve cars loaded with coal were placed oa it. ' The rise in the river at Glea Union has produced consternation here, bat so far tbe ice has shown no signs of moving. ANOTHER , VIEW OF THE THREATENED DISASTERGREAT DESTRUCTION AJPPBE-- HEXDED. - Lock Haven, Penn., March 28. Intelligence has been received her this evening that tbe great ice gorge at Glea Union, thirteen miles above bere, haa commenced to move and tbe west branch of the Saiquehanoa has overflowed the surrounding country. In this city the water haa risen to a foot and a half below the dam tbia afternoon, aad aa the tee has . become decayed : here . it la probable ; that it will break op before many hours.. The greatest anxiety exists uaoaj the residents along the river bank, and they are pre paring to remove their effects to a place of security. Tbe Fallon House, owned by Mayor G. W. Smith, and conducted by John Schuyler, one of tbe hand- 1 Bomest snd most costly structures of the kind la; tbia section of the State, is threatened by the Impending flood, aa it extends nearly te the water's I edge. The proprietors commenced to move theirt property from the lower to the upper stories! this afternoon. The, Mayor has takem the precaution te obtain the ' first - iatsln. gsnee of tbe impending . inundation ss aoeu as the flood reaches tbia section, and the citiseaa will be notified .of their danger by the ringing osT tbe church bells. Tbs anxiety among the people regarding tbe menaced destruction ia ef the meet intense character. All the evening the Weabtsrn TJnton'Telegraph Company's odce baa been besieged by persons anxious to learn tbe latest par. , ticulars trom the scene of the moving ice. The fonous mountain streams, and the general thaw up the river baa increased tbe velurae of water ao Uuat tbe basque han na haa overflowed a number of valuable farms. The loss ia very heavy. The back water has also forced up the currents of fishing sad ether creeks, and small bridgea have been deatroyod. It- ta currently reported that three Uvea have been lost, and it ia feared the loss of life may still be greater. - From all the information that can be secured, it is probable ths inundation will reach this city late tonight or to-morrow morning. From aimoepherio indications it is quite possible the aeloge will be accelerated by a rain storm. Old residents, who are acquainted with ths manner in which former destructive floods havs devastated the surrounding districts, are of the optcioa tbat a pit-tore of complete dteolation will be witnessed ia the lower part of this city. - - OPERATIONS OF THS ICE CUTTERS ABOVE. THE DAM AT WILLLAMSPORT ALARM OVER THE RIVER. RUMORS 1 FROM CP THE atrnial Dispatch to IA ITewTork TimtM. i WiixiAMspoRT, Penn., March 28 So far the men engaged in cutting out ths ice in the rive a boot the dam have loosened snd sent adrift 73,000,-000 pounds. Moat of this has gorged attheWil- liamxport railroad bridge. The water in the river rose three feet to-day, aad is bow seven feet above low-water mark. Re ports of the ice moving, re ceived to-day from Clearneld, Renova, aad other points up the river, have created some alarm, but the more experienced men her aay there la no immediate danger to the town. . It atiU oeatiause to thaw rapidly. THE GREAT GORGE ABOVE MILTON MOVES A SHORT DISTANCE AND JAMS FAST AGAIN. Bproiml Dispatch fc ths Ntm-'Tork Ttmm. . Milton, Penn,, March 28. Much alarm was' caused here to-dav by the moving of the great gorge which haa collected In the river between this point and Watsontewn. which ia four miles his her up. The gorge, however, moved bat a abort dia-taaea, aad thee Jammed fast again, . There was a rise of one foot in the river above Watson town today. At Lewiabnrg, below here, there waa a rise of nearly two feet, There may he more before midnight. RISE OF THREE FEET, IX THE NORTH BRANCH THE PEOPLE WATCHFUL AND NO DANGER TO LIFE APPREHENDED. "Wile ebbs ere. Penn-. March 28. The water has risen three feetea the Kings toe Flats since yesterday, aad eommnnicatioa by foot Is again cat efl. but there baa been 'no impreteioa made oa the gorges. At Ihe same rate the water will rise two feet more through the night. - The thaw was not , as rapid to-day aa yesterday, and to-night It is cloudy and threatens rain. ' The Kticaney Club have anoceeded . ia' digging eat their boat-house, which waa jammed ia the ice near the bridge, aad have removed it to a place of safety. Ths people are all oa the watch for the coming of tbe flood, snd there ia ao reason to fear aay loss ef life, however great tbe destruction ef property aad tiers tat iun of tha vaDey may be. A low portion ef the city, lying along tha Lehigh and Soaqaebaaaa Railroad, wss flooded to-day by water from the higher potato which coald find bat alow passage te the river. A great deal of the drainage from the hills ran into the North Breach Canal, whiefe was within a foot ef betag as high ss last week, whea' ft laaa-dated -part of Canal street. A atnnbsr of eelLara are ailed with' water, and several colored families have moved into the second story of their dweilinga This, however, will last but a few hours, oaleaa tee nver insuM gtt high enough to fill too eaaal again. THE DELAWARE. A FEW INCHES RISE ON LY IN TWO DATS . AT PORT JXRVI8 A HEAVY DAYS BUSINESS OX THE EEtE ROAD. Port J an via, N. March 28. The river has risen but a few inches la the past two days, although tha snow is disappearing rapidly. The greatest movement ef freight ever made by Xrie ia one day was transacted ia the tweary-fbar hours immediately folic ing the com pledea of the aew bridge ever tbe Delaware, X374 ears hsvtag passed ever the bridge ia that time. TAMMAXTS HOME RULERS. WHERE THE DEMOCRATIC STRENGTH LIES. LOCATIOX AND CHARACTER OF THEIR VOTERS NEW-TORK JfOT AJg AMERICAN CTTT BY POPULATION THE SECTARIAN ' AMENDMENT ANALYSIS OF POPULATION AXD ' voters. ' The set-back of tbe Coerigan bill was a- ' severe blow to the Tammany Homo Kalers, bat ' theory win not abate. It la a popular cry; it smacks of personal independence ; it natters our idea of doing as we please ; it returns us to the good old times ia Judea whea there was ao ' king la the land, aad ovary maa did that which seemed right ia his owa eyea. " Moreover, it is " a standing protest against aay form of govern- ' meat whatever; a perpetual menace to or- : gaaiaod society. It eaa have no definite limitsv tioa. The South wanted to be "let alonet" ' bat then Virginia also wanted to bo 1st - alone. And why not! If homo rule is good for- anything,- ' surely it might prevent a State ' from . being dragged into rebellion against -her wiD. No one will deny that homo rule is ' proper where a people are homogeneous ; where ' leading principles of government are agreed to by the larger number ; where there is a natural ' bond of union ia the way of interests temporal ' and spiritual ; where there are broad oommoai : purposes and common desires. In auch a cora. munity, among aa old and settled people, wbrjre ' the order of life is fixed, homo rule may be ravfa ' enough. ' ' "; -. - . '' ,But if there is any place oa the earth where the reverse of all these propositions rjresaila it -is Now-York CityJ . For this raon-Xew-Tork ; City is the most remarkable exceptkia to tha homo rule doctrine to bo found - ia any civilized country. London is English, Paris is intensely French, Berlin is German. Madrid ia Spanish, but New-Tork is not American, This- guest fact, that stands directly ia the way of any -legitimate application of the doctrine of homo rule, we shall show by a brief examination of official and undisputed data. '",- .. The reader must remember that the accident -of birth, while it fixes sitizenship, is not a true test of nationality. The eopper-eolored infant of- Ah Sin, bora oa the day of the parents arrival in California, is aa American citizen in law, though he may grow up anions; Chioargea. - never knew a word of our language, and even , go down to his grave a worshiper of Buddha. Bear ia mind, then, that ia oar City nearly all , the children of Irish parents, and a great proportion of those of other races and nationality, grow up in the ways of their kindred, aad onlv alter long experience and much mental travail become in any practical sense Americana. Aril now what are the facta about the population of this City f The last census the accuracy of which was tested br a partial re-enumeration, and is further vouched for by the experts ot tbe -Board of Health gave us: t , Torsi vepulstioa ..941733 Of which: Xative born 533,l!q 54. .VI Foreign hern .'.....19,94 ' 44 Born here, both parents foreign bora.32fi.83S - a.M Bora here, one parent foreign born... 3n,0l(l 3. fa Foreign and children of foreigners.. ,7SL'S t.9ri alire boia of native-born Mrenta lbO.MT 17.0 V Let us compare by thousands, and sea bow.' these proportions look.- Ia every 1,003 res, dents of the City, taking the average, there are of real natives only 170 ; Irish born, 213 ; German, 160; all other foreign, 71 children, of foreign born parents, 3S6V - Now take the whole Union, except the. City of New-York, and we find the following distribution: .-"" . -) . -. Total Population. v j7,Bts,lT , . Of which : . Per cent. Native bom.. , 3&4G7.VM Foreign born . . . . . 5.148.135 Born here, both parents foreign.... 3,fM0.sl Born here, one parent foreign born. M-'J.OM Foreigners and children ef foreigners........ . ...10.110.170 Native born, of native bora parents. 27,506, UG3 13.SS 10 31 i 3. 6.aa TXX.2 It appears that while in all the country except the City, the foreign born amount to ona- " seventh in the City to very nearly one-half the foreign element (foreign bom and children of foreigners) in the country is a tr iflo over otto, quarter, while in this City it is considerably more than four-fifths. But there ls another point of great tmpor tun ce in tbe ease, and that is the relative voting force of foreigners and natives. Ne arly all immigrants are adults on arrival, and so in counting the "umber of voting age there la a far larger rate per thousand than among natives, ' where all the children art ' reckoned in. For example, , there an 71,342 native, and 113,263 naturalize! citizens re- ' turned for the City in 1870. Now. a vary sim ' pie calculation showa that the native citizens ' are 13 "4 per cent, of ths whole native born ; , while the naturalized citizens are 27 per cent, of the foreign-born population ; that Is, the for- eigners furnish twice as maay voters according ' to population as the natives do. ' And more than this, they still have a large proportion of men old enough to bo citizens, but not yet naturalized. The proportion of naturalised citizens shows ' that the Irish are the most eager to secure the ' right of votrng. While they have but twenty- ' one per cent, of the population, they hare thirty per cent, of the voters ; - that is, nearly -forty -three per cent, more than equal propor- ' ' tion, supposing pooulation and voters to stand ' in a strictly natural relation. . The Germans Show twenty-three per eeat, of voters to seventeen per cent, of the people, or thirty-five per ' eent. exoess in voters. Other foreigners have but eight per eent. of citizens to tea - per cent, ef the popalatioB, or ' twenty per cent, loss than their share. Tho-reason is found in the fact that. oar Irish and German emigrants hasten their naturalization ao' that they can vote aad hold office, : while the -. English and French acquire '. citizenship mainly for the - purpose of holding . and transferring property, ivory few of them thinking about the franchise, -aad not a quarter of those who become citixe3s over going to tho polls. Cnquestaouably tha Irish east the largest per eent, of their vote, Germans aad Americans following in about-equal ratios of their numbers, and other lereigners' seldom voting at alL Tho reader will now comprehend the foot ' that New-Tork thobntraoas heart of tha ooun- : try aad ot tho Western World is anything but aa Am erieaa eity, aad that ta give its people absolute homo rale would bo te depriva Aaaericaas by birth and descent of tho small , hare the jet retain ia the cottroi of its affairs.. ; ... If tae votes of nsun-alirod - t-t were any- : thing like evenly divided among parties, tho -case might be more patiently eonsidared. But y tbo naturalized rote ie almost invariably east solid for the Desaoeratis Party only, and it ia 7 upon tho unswerving loyalty of the foreign -el em eat that Tarn maay bases her power. At the last eleetioa this was proved for the hna-dredth time beyond questioa. It was showa ra general way ta the vote for Gevarae. Vat. aero especially ia tha straight fight atada by

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