Oakland Tribune from Oakland, California on January 6, 1947 · Page 22
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Oakland Tribune from Oakland, California · Page 22

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Monday, January 6, 1947
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a7 5 Sbttnrtal flagr nf aklattu (Srthmtk Home Owned, Controlled, Edited Oakland, CalifJ Jan. 6, 1947 r 1 Y Nations Should Be Assured of Reasonable Security Before Cutting Armed Strength This week we shall hear further details which" should help to clear up the American and Russian positions on disarmament The United "Nations Security Council takes up the Soviet plan to speed up arms limitation4- which is a much more accurate term than A. 'disarmament" since no nation has yet urged that all arms be abolished) and the American counter-propdsal giving priority to control of atomic energy". It is going to be a long, hard debate on atomic energy plans because the Russians have no intention of giving up their demands that the veto apply to any punishment of violators. A weakness in the position taken by the State Department and Mr. Baruch is beginning to become clear and this is the failure to obtain1 an expression of Congressional opinion on the subject of abolition of the veto. If the atomic treaty is finally agreed upon, the Senate rnust ratify it, and, so, far, there, has been no formal or general OTHER FELLOW By AD SCHUSTER STOWAWAYS 1 emest seas -.Vith a hip-hurra and a hi-heigho! Iet the mercury' fall, let the engines wheeze. Blow, ye cyclones, blow! There's a roll of cash in my jeans, my dear, Tho' it's all in ones and twos; We'll buy ar acre and then, my dear. A CHANCE TOWARD CHINA James D. White of the Associated Press offered an interesting interpretation on China thq other day that appears to be gaining support. He felt that there was some deliberate calculation behind the latest student demonstrations against the United States. Previously the government had acted quickly in such incidents, especially in Shanghai where the Communists are strong. This time the government did no such thing. There were even examples of toleration, in addition to inaction. The Peiping police failed to co-operate in the alleged assault case, according to U.S. Marine authorities, and now the Chinese News Service (an official government agency) circulates a news story of the demonstrations Which refers to the woman in the case as a"20-rear-old Chinese girl." According to U.S. Marine Corps headquarters, this is scarcely an accurate reference. The service also says that "io untoward incidents occurred as the demonstrators conducted themselves in an orderly manner,' a statement which is at variance with American news agencies. What does all this mean? Mr. White infers that it is in reaction to President Truman's recent statement that the $500,000,000 Ameri can credit will be available as soon as con-; ditions in China are stabilized. The Chinese Government now is indicating how easily anti-American forces and Chinese Communists might become predominant if United States aid is withheld. This may be a somewhat strained interpretation of the facts, not all of which are available in the news- reports. But it "is certain that a change is occurring in Chinese-American relations. Deference of our large credit serves notice on the Chinese Government that its efforts to produce stable internal conditions must be speeded. Otherwise, American loans can not be used constructively. The hope is that this tactic will diminish the area of disagreement between the gov-emmenjt and the Chinese Communists through reform and concession; and the k test moves of the government in Nanking are not likely to have a favorable reception in this countrv. TKE MAP CHANCES More trouble for the map-makers and geo-- graphy students: the Soviet Government is changing names again. Tilsit becomes Sovetsk, Insterburg is Chernyakovsky, and Pillauis Baltiisk under the newest Russian decree' regarding the Soviet Union's portion of pre-war German East Prussia. One recalls that at Tilsit in 1807, Napoleon and Tsar Alexander I of Russia divided much expression of senatorial opirnon. on the matter.'!) The American case 'would be much stronger if it were supported by something more: than the informal agreement of a fewi Senators. 1M Those who hastily assume that armaments should, or will, be abolished, with' one grand gesture in thenited Nations ought to re-memper that this world organization! also is pledged to uphold a system of collective! We're off with Byrd to the Arctic secUiiiy. AiiiS ctii i ue uuiCj in me xmai analysis, only through the force of arms. Each! nation, under the charter, is under the obligation of furnishing an undetermined " 75 "tofu,u "" III We'll fill.it with nice igloos. A better course than protracted involvmentiHow our phone will buzz all night, in th complicated and difficult problem of general disarmament is to. settle the two major issues first. This involves an agreement! on atomic energy and implementation of collective security. Otherwise, nations are asked to disarm before they are assured of a reasonable degree of security. j jj p y . of Europe and Asia between them, which provided a breathing spell until Russia was prepared to fight again. It is an idea which is Where there's neither a taxi, bus, said to dominate the thinking of the Kremlin today. Modern pre-war Tilsit was a city of 60,000 people, a teemingiriver port for German and Russian lumber. It was also; a dairying cen-tpr knnwn far and wide for Duns?ent Tilsit . ,, 11 j around to reading that the Sugar cheese. Across the river was Memelland andjBowl was fmed on New Year's Day. Lithuania. ; j Iowa has celebrated 5ts 1O0th an Insterburg, 30 miles south, where the Insteri'iiversary as a state. And its 99th annual ituuiuii in iHuaawuw x dir.. all day. With calls from Mike and Sam, While airplane cops along the. way Handle the traffic jam. When all are rented we'll build some more : Snow igloos, snug and neat. With a "For Rent" sign above each door, Our income will be sweet. So snuggle down tho' your ribs are sore. We're off with Byrd to the south-ernest shore. To the lan'- of Blow Zero, nor hack file won't put us off, 'cause we can't walk back With a hip-hurra, heigho! H. The little ok lady in our neighborhood thinks this rationing business should stop. She has just got ; THE TIMID SOUL ' ask him 10 lenoi KrMmm yzy jsrzrs it s 1 MR. All L9ue TOAST PROMISED 4X 'U' ' ' "To . rTuRaJ A Borrowed yYVjm ' ' , umbrella The Following tvY y?V- ' hitfe and Angerapp Rivers meet to form the Pre-gel, was a city of 40,000 residents in the heart of a ;horse and cattle region. Its summer livestock fairs drew crowds from all East Prussia. Iron and cement mills led its varied list of war industries. Scottish, families who settled there in the 17th century contributed to its first era of commercial prosperity. NATURE DEPT. (.St. Louis Postwispatch) A surprised biologist of the Fish and Wildlife Service has returned from Alaska with news of a rabbit, or hare, that ran like a man. It AT HOME AND ABROAD ; ' The Problem Is Larger Than Bilbo By Raymond Lawrence . . Each i anachronistic as Calhoun anr South- itions to the rules of ern colonels. NATIONAL WHIRLIGIG By RAY TUCKER - WASHINGTON, Jan. 6. How the Eightieth. Republican-controlled Congress behaves may j make 'pt break President, Truman! chance ;pf re-election, and seriously; affect his party's immediate and long-range future. But the new majority on Capitol Hill can also improve cr destroy its present prospect to regain control of the White, House in 1948. : I i ' As the political economists view r the present scene, the responsibility of preserving current , prpspe.ritjr' through the next few years, as well as insuring its continuance for some years' thereafter, rests on the G.OP' Congress fully as much as it does n the White House. p DECLINE IN COSTS j President Truman's closest advisers profess satisfaction with th 1947-1948 picture, despite the general belief that next yearwill bring a recession lasting from three ito nine months. ! They anticipate at lejft a twenty per cent decline in living costs through next year, including a drop in the price of luxuries. as welllss in necessities like food, furniture, etc. Mounting production in thfe fields, more careful consumer habits and a normal leveling-off of a peak, post-war market are, counted on to force a betted balance between prices and wages. The price slump, together With the satisfaction of customer's waftts. will cause some unemployment in' consumer goods industries, distributing centers, retail circles and n the service trades. This1 phenomenon is what the economists have : tn mind when they forecast a "1947 recession." , No more than ten per cent tt th prophets, however, look for a '1929 crash." They liken coming coadi- 19J-1922 slump which (followed the 1917-1920 war 'boom 'and preceded the era. of "Coo'lidge ! prosperity." ' ' Pillau, outpost port of Konigsberg on the, turief ever - enthusiastic writers The Bilbonic plague will be with tions of its own members us i rgiu uieNb oi me lmmeuiaie ac- Jimj ucici umhc i ui i tion taken in the Senate. i'ts Proceedings, punish its members Nl!MEROUS PRECEDENTS for disorderly behavior and. with i Senator Rilhn s siato nf r.und nrt ,u i .i : j I Therp a r-numerous ra;ps in 1h simply, stood up and departed on its ( the subject of Negroes-irrespective exncl kmw.bcr" '! political - science textbooks which!EXPECT REBOUND two hind feet But we are not sur-: of charges of fraud and violation of: Here is blanket authoritv for iheiougnt be studied in the South. But the Trumanites and this is For cen- i corr.uPt practice acts is sympto-j j.jouse anj Senate to exclude and When Joshua Hill f Georgia ap-; a digest of their report on 1947-1948 Mississippi ana certain ; exnel members at discretion This P310 lo lKB ine oain just aiter .ior ius economic ana poiticai guia prised only encouraged. matic of Bay of Danzig, occupies the Southern tip of have been lyrical about men who! It is exemplified in Senator Hen-;: limitation on the sovereignty of thei"16 Legislature which elected him the Sarriland Peninsula source of seven-!"1"!,11 like a t"bbit" r ' hare' or!der's contention that a refusal toistates of" the Union, and it is some-1 contained disloyal persons and had ine oamiana reninsuid, sourte oi seven ,a defr or antelope for tnat matter,iseat Senator Bilbo assails the sov- ; thine that everv freshman in no- expelled all of its Negro members. eights of the world S SUDDIv of natural amber,, and the figure of speech has become j ereignty of the stale of Mi ssissippi ijf.iral sHpnrp learns at least in ' according to a Senate committee, 1 4 - 11 i 3 C- . Ti 1 ... uicswne s wen a niattui ci it;, luunanu oeiidiui jvidvuHtm s declaration : (Jalllomia Universities, about in the animal kingdom is not! that this is -an issue of state rights L. . w,-..T only fair play, but downright orig-jand the Constitution of the United " a l r lr' l" States. i Let us overlook for the moment It is quallv manifest in the re-1 hat Senator Bilbo is. accused of vio- mark of Governor Wright of Missis-: lating at siDDi that "we will handlp the rarp i therefore other regions in the South. ! constitutes a direct and explicit i e ivil he challenged. often Called "Baltic gold." Its pre-war population; was fewer than 10,000. The name of Konigsberg, by far the largest of pre-war East Prussian cities with about 400,000 people, was changed to Kaliningrad by a Soviet decree in mid-1946. It is a manufacturing port on the Pregel, close to the river's mouth. ' L This rich and highly developed area constitutes one of the richest prizes of the war and should make a considerable contribution to economic strength of Russia. ance expect a fairly prompt rebound that will reach its peak ei the eve of the next presidential election When the price level of light stuff falls, or when folks stop buying be cause of satiation, it is expected that inal. FARM LAND PRICES Speaking again of Iowa, an authority tells us the name came from a tribe of Indians and means, literally. "Dusty Noses." That is a fact the orator didn't mention Et the last picnic. Whether they brought dust on their noses i not noted, but some of our most stalwart figures of pioneering and gold rush days came from that same state which was going on ' four years "when California was admitted to the Union. and neither Hill nor his colleague! were allowed to take their seats un til the offending Legislature was they will simply shift their dollars reformed. j into durable channels aUtos, homes Caldwell of Arkansas went home and housing repairs, refrigerators. least four statutes, and after the Senate found evidence ofjwashing machines, and many other an unfit person to. sit in corruption in his election. He could ! more permanent needs. These thtnss question in Mississippi if outsiders ; 'he Senate, and consider only the j have been declared "not elected. j should be. reaching the market in will let us alone." charge that there was a flaw in his! Lorimer of Illinois was excluded abundance by late 1947 or early 1948, This is pure pettifoggery. Missis-! election because Negroes were ex-;m 1S1Z on. charges of briber; in his j barring industrial difficulties. sippi exists within the Union. It is i eluded from voting. subject to the same Federal laws! Before the adoption of the 17th and to the same limitations as other! Amendment the. Senate excluded states, j i men chosen by less than a majority Governor Wright was speaking of ;f tneir state Legislatures, and since the case of two Negro children who;the inauguration of direct elections are condemned to death -or murder-robbery which thry are alleged to have committed. The Southern Senators Maybank and Ellender were speaking of a Federal officer. Clark Wood, up in Weston, Ore, i convinced there is such a thing When they've gone up and up for year after, as giving a young person too much; above state law year, watch out! They re bound to fall hard frhman at Boston college who and fast some time. imade the nrst page by smoKing a it has frequently examined alleged voting frauds. While the Senate has never excluded a member because Negroes were prevented from vot- election Smith of Illinois was denied the oath. Vare of Pennsylvania was declared not entitled to a seat . In respect to Governor Wright's view that his state should be let alone to deal vith the Negroes, this is clearly an unsound and emotional reaction. No Southern state can be per- i agar. Bilbo's prejudices, by this time, may be increased to the point he believes Republicans and Northern Democrats should not be allowed a vote in the Senate. These are we spell it, the week-ends when 'traffic wreckord." When you think of Pearl Harbor bear in mind that, on the other hand, we sen the first juke boxes to Japan. Be patient and allow Congress That was true of farm land prices after the! First World War. It was true of the stock! market in 1929, and in 1937 and 1946. It might well be true of farm land prices again. The Department of Agriculture for some time has been issuing warnings against inflated farm land prices. In mid-December Secretary Anderson pointed out that they had risen, on the average, 14 per cent during the last 12 months alone. They are now only about 10 per Cent below the 1920 peak from land the State Legislature time to ii , ' , . iwina up me taiKing maenme. which the drop was so disastrous to thou- sands and thousands of farmers. ' If poetry is really ' the wine of - the universe, there is a suggestion At the same time, the department doesn't ; something should be done to pre-sep anv dmn in the immpnia fnhir. Tn faM (vent the corks blowing out on so the department predicts a continued rise in j the first part of 1947. It is the latter part of the yar that a decline is expected. The ultimate is being in a feverish hurrj' to go from one place to another for no reason whatsoever is exemplified by a young squirt driving a jeep. : But both cases involve national interest and Federal laws and constitutional provisions, all of which are superior legally and politically to the state of Mississippi. Article I. Section 5, of the Constitution of the United States says: "Each house shall be the judge of the elections, returns and qualifica- mg in violation of the 14th and muted to flout higher laws and pub-15th Amendments there is no le- lie morality, and there is a growing gal reason why it may not do so. j body of educated and enlightened The House and Senate can so in-1 men and w,omen in the South who vestigate and so exclude a member-; are protesting vigorously against elect without any imposition on ' such attitudes and procedures. There ; state sovereignty because it would! are Southern newspapers, churches j act under clear authority of the Fed-' and societies that work continuously jeral Constitution, which is a higher! for racial justice. These are the ele-I authority than component states. : ments that should receive every en-i Thus, the contentions about state jcouragement from other Americans I rights and state sovereignty are as ! interested in the problem. 4- LETTERS TO THE FORUM many occasions. "Man was just as intelligent as he was 10,000 years ago." But he was happier then without the print and the radio to remind him of the fact. 1h$ editor of lb Irtbunt disclaims responsibility for opinions and statements expressed tn letters. Contributions should be mccomps nied by the name and sddress of the writer, which, if desired, will be Withheld from the public. Preference wtll be given to those who sre willing to have their names used. proved that he saw a child while reading a comic page. laugh STREET CAR SERVICE Editor: They say you can't have everything in this world, but I wonder if it would be possible to at least have some better streetcar service I could easily walk to my home in the time that I spend wait ing for; an Oakland Avenue car. But there are many who are unable to do this; and especially at night it is dangerous. My I husband is in the Oakland Veterhs Hospital and looks foripooLS COME FIRST ward to my evening visit very much, j But. after a day's work and an eve-! Editor: In tonight's Tribune I read ning at the hospital,- I certainly where the Park Department con-don't appreciate having to wait from jsiders its No x ."must" a $270,000 to ' 4U minutes tor tne numoer 11 car. I wouldn't mind the increased ' Merritt Park. L feel ..that 1 "must"' a necklace of lights for the It would 'seem that the first the Bilbo and Mississippi's Sovereignty Bilbo and the sovereignty of Mississippi. Senator Ellender of Louisiana is quoted in the Washington Post as paying the Bilbo case is a "shameful attempt to interfere with the sovereign rights of the State of Mississippi." That is a serious accusation, and if the senator can sustain it, then not only should Bilbo be seated, but the Senate should offer its humble apologies for all the trouble to which two committees of the Senate have subjected him. But, as a matter of fact. Senator Ellender is himself the chairman of one of the two committees that have investigated - Bilbo. Presumably, then, it was not an interference with the sovereign rights of the State of Mississippi to inquire into the charges that in the primaries and in the ejection Bilbo violated the Federal Constitution, the Fed eral Crime Code, and the Hatch Act. NO INTERFERENCE The committee which investigated these charges consisted of five senators. Three of them, Mr. Ellender himself, Mr. Elmer Thomas of Oklahoma, and Mr. Maybank of South Carolina, decided after hearing the evidence that Bilbo "had ibeen duly and legally, elected to represent the State of Mississippi." Two of them, Miv Bridges of New Hampshire and . Mr. Hickenlooper of Iowa, decided after shearing the evidence that Bilbo's credentials are tainted "with f raud-; and corruption." All that a majority of the Senate has done is to deny Bilbo a seat until the whole Senate can decide whether it agrees with Messrs. Ellender, Thomas and Maiybank or with Messrs. Bridges and Hicken- xooper. Now it cannot be an interference with the sovereign rights of the State of Mississippi for the Senate as a whole to judge for itself whether t agrees with; its own committee. If. there was fany interference with the sovereignty of Mississippi, it occurred ?when Mr. Ellender himself agreed lo investigate the charges; But if Mr. Ellender could investigate Bilbo's election, than it cannot be f shameful" for the rsf of jthe Semite to investigate Bilbo's election; The right of the Senate to be the "judge" of Bilbo's "elections, returns and qualifications" comes directly from the Constitution (article 1, section 5, paragraph 1). THere is no doubt that this im portant article m the Constitution is an "interference" wiih the sov ereign Tights of the State of Missis sippi and of every other state in the Union. The Senate is the final judge, and, not the state i which elected him, whether a man is properly elected and duly qualified to oe a senator of the United States. A FEDERAL JOB If ! That, whether Mr. Ellender atf proves it or not.: is one ot the basic principles of the. American Gov ernroent . ; i pleases to the Senate. The sovereign rights of the state are limited in this respect by the Constitution of the United States! Mr. Bilbo, if ihe were seated. would not be the senator of Mis sissippi but a senator of the United States; he would 'not be an officer of the state, but an officer of the Union. Si; There is no question, I think, that this is the fundamental principle of the case. It i was established in the Philadelphia Convention which framed the Constitution. On June 26, 1787, Oliver Ellsworth of Connecticut moved that the salaries of senators I" be paid by their respective states"! rather than "out of the national treasury."! The whole question which! Mr. Ellender had I spread for special lighting Before 1946 is entirely forgotten. ' 1. 3 1 X 1 J. J 1 , A 1 4. iei ii recoroea inai auriiiR nfi,fare we got beter service we; the City of Oakland's No. VCL A ltllliw in OdUUV ridtlic . : - -l rri . .. lg jj0l we cannot hae at least 15-minute! service, as this is a very short line.' a e oc thoma? F TONFS i thing to be done is to see that fi . j swimming pools we promised our REASON IS IMPERATIVE youth are rushed to completion. Editor: Apropos of the recurrent! n is tirae we faw more pictures strikalland insurrect lawlessness of of haPPv. occupied youngsters rather labortmions who are subservient toltnan read oi a little boy drowned in their bosses, may I say, in all can-!tne estuary; or read of a young fel- dor that said labor unions adopt an low speeding bis car down the ! about-face and respect law and or-:rad and killing . three women By Walter Lippmann Copyright, 1947. New York Tribune, Int.) Indeed, part of the current resist- ance to luxury articles is due to the desire to hold onto money for the more essential purchases--CUSHION AGAINST DECLINE Thus it is believed that the key industries which manufacture the heavy stuff will continue to operate at full blast. They will cushion or prevent any calamitous decline, according to this presidential preview. There are other cushions which Were not present in preyious recessions, to wit: Billions still to be collected in unemployment insurance; a backlog of pavings, including cashable government and veteran!? bonds; the 52-20 "club" for. veteran. It is also estimated that several million of the temporarily unemployed in 1947 or early 1948 could find work by returning to school-teaching (there is a shortage of 375.-000 instructors); by enlisting or -enlisting in the armed services: fc going bifck to the farms; or by n -suming their pre-war positions ; s domestics.1 ' These are the major reasons why President Truman's aides, includh g big Economic Advisory Council b"-lievE that the 1947-1943 cycl wi'l swing in such a war as to hn him in 1948. V But the Republican Congress e? it spell or beautify this politico-ec-nomic pieture. For thelegislatori, rather than President Truman, will hav ftnal say en disposition of ib one problem which lies,at the cor. of all hopes for continued, prosperity labor strife and disturbances tht block full production. ican people were opposed to th first world war, and after its end. LIGHTS ON THE LAKE Editor: Pertaining to the coluwm in the Oakland Tribune, "Light Necklace," en park agenda: I hope it is not too late to have some discussion about this planned project. The lake Is adequate without "the spectacle of hundreds of lighted trees reflecting their beauty in the water of Lake Merritt could D a sight unparalelled anywhere." I suggest that we leave that sort of showmanship to communties less sure of themselves. The appearance of the lake during the war years was one of beauty and tranquillity. Its natural beauty was not dimmed by garnish lighting. The water and its surroundings predom- i every" newspaper and publication in inated. This is as it should be. If ttne entire country revealed the fact this project is carried out as out- i that it was a terrible blunder. Presi- lined the Lights will predominate . aent vvmon declared the war Ad be and not the lake. ' nothing but "a commercial rivalry." I note the sum of $20.000 quoted. ;The war cost the people part of their In my opinion this money can beienonomic ireeoom: income tax and established doctrine that the Senate is not an assemblage of the agents of the states but the organ of a national government. The question, of course, arises I der or all the good achieved over w give mem a decent chance they and this point no doubt has troubled; the years will be irretrievably lost. - Wl11 stav out of trouble. Mr. Ellender as to how, if the! No man or set of men are a law; I am also tired: of hearing about Legislature of Mississippi chooses a ; unto 'themselves. Personal liberty,: the new swimming pools that the senator, or. as it is now under the 'individual effort, freedom of oppor-iCity of Oakland is going to build. Seventeenth Amendment, the voters! tunitt are the basic fundamentals!1 heard of these same pools going of Mississicpi a senator is. never- nf a ifrpp rmmtrv otherwise our to be built when I was a student at theless.ran officer of the national i vaunted liberty is a farce. When ' Fremont High School before I went i THANKS government and not the agent of: we stepped off the emigrant ship inio the Army. Now I am well his state. . !artcj yssed the flag with tears in j over voting age and am still hearing The answer to that question was jour eyes and called it our own, be- or voting about those same pools. other taxes were levied to pay for the war. and to pay for the rebuilding of Germany. Later pur private war inausxries Helped finance Hit- spent in a much more Worthy cause than for a "light necklace" for Lake Merritt For instance, buy up several Arm v barracks, install suitable facilities. Locate one in each com- i ler's Start. munitv eliminating the need fori Tnen came the second, "World War. Ifjcarfare, secure responsible super- i which took about fifty million lives visors and turn them over to the i ?na iei1 over eo.wu.ouy people starv-youth of the community in which ig and dying in Europe, and enst they are located. We shout about ,us 'alone) a half trillion dollars, juvenile delinquency and then we!Whre is that -perfect, world-wide are prepared to spend a huge sum j Paradise the war was te bring?) To of money for show. A. A F P3"115 aeDi, tne withholding tax ana tnousanas oi otner taxes began. given by Sen. Robert Morris in the First Congress when he said that "the Legislatures were only the machines to. choose them. We-were cause it symbolized an ideal, a con-(Let s get them finished for this cept ;of liberty unequalled any-1 summer and worry about those where in the world, wherever men 'lighting effects for the parjk when toil and hope and yearn, there was our promises to our youth have in mind was raised Tconcrelely bv that motion; if "4 senator is the rep- j PRINCIPLE INVOLVED resentative of 1:4 sovereign ! state.! . t, senators of the United States and; something to love, honor and die for been kept. 9 Oakland. naa notmng to do with one state: if need be. That flag was a bulwark: more than another. I aaainar tvrannv from without- nr, Tyranny from withinJ We never! This RICHARD S. COLLINS. ..: r- T , . lrfrMrrtiH that tnriav xve would spp then his salary would be paid by ' "5 -V wwirmeo oy wuage,r: : , different forms-i his state- if he; 14 an officer of thpiStpry m h,s famous "Commen-i f o many slaves m amereni lorms nis Dutie, n ne is an oincer OI tne. t . , . . . ... ;lahor lavM "led to the slansrhtpr tt,,'4i cn4 4 u: i t u . umKin is an omrer . r " . r r.; . j i ; t . . . . . . ...:!... ; . v,. u ; Da v ouu.t acutueiiis it seems moM United States, then his salary should be paid from the !nationay treasury. MADISON'S VIEW UPHELD It was James: Madison of Virginia who led the opposition to Ellsworth's proposal 'The- motion," he said, "would make thej Senate like Congress (he meant the Congress of the Articles of. Confederation), the mere agents and advocates of states interests and views, instead of be DIVIDED BRIDGE Editor: In regards to the Oakland t v. t t .- j. ... i i,'ithni!t orverincr thiir moitths' . w-yn. aenving nis powers: "Vl-T r::"-TuT". :" : of the time car crash head-on due irom the Constitution, and neither icuicaung mw meir uv, a irnjan - . created by, depedSt upol nor i horse in the guise of a labor cham-i! car losjng control and cross-mnmiiw- v ZSJS" i nion. avirus known as CommunismJing he center line into the path nf xxrw-t j ' .L . ! atini into oir vitals likp a cancer ! On-COming iiuatu oui goes u prove is toai , 7. . 7 : : , Mr. Ellender is entiUed to defend 14 13 hlh tune to clean hous m Bilbo, or even to say that he judges US A- nd above alL we want law him to h riiitu i i and order.. The spectacle of pres- ol,; 4 v. ..J ?r J&tr irrnum who intimidate .poprpoi divide ! the brid6 iintO? two sepa- smuiira lu uc. t CnaiOr Ol lflCi"" ,5 ' : . , . ,l 1 d a. United States, but. he cannot with-iand browbeat unoffending peopleirate fields by erectmg a three-foot .nnt nnnncinff tho ,'miist be chansed and. reason, ton- ieei paruuon in ine center. inus. traffic! It takes .little imagination to think of the destruction caused by such an impact. On the other hand, is it possible to ing the impartial umpires and guar-! Constitution, assert that the Senate, ciliatiun and mutual understanding any blowouts, side swipes, etc., that dians oL justice and general good." if it agrees with him, is thereby Though the vote was close (six denying to Mississippi anv soveretfn A stte does not have an absolute slates ' to five. Madison crevailed. right which it has nossfessed inrf i between labor and management imperative. , DELLA F. LARSEN. San Tran cisco. may occur would keep the cars in volved going in the same direction. CLEM LASPIN A, ' Oakland. . Editor: May we take this -opportunity on behalf of the Park and Recreation Commission - to express our sincere appreciation to the Oakland Tribune and staff for the excellent co-eperation in publicizing our recreation activities and events during the past year. ' We fully . realize that the success of our programs was 'due largely to the publicity that each activity received through your paper . . . Albany Recreation Department EDWIN S. HOWELL, ; I- j Superintendent FIGURES FOR HITLER NO. 2 Editor: Mif Coraett in reply to my letter, stated that a Christian cannot idly; stand by and see innocent people killed. Fob example, the atomic" borhb. testing- on thousands of Japanese (Civilian families, after complete' surrender had been indi cated? The spirit, of Jesus Csee the 5th, 6th and 7th chapter of Matthew) has nothing in 'common - wth the war policies of this for any). nation. . War never ; brings '"freedoHO,' but always curtails freedom." The Amer so that as an ABC radio tiv vealed, the same percentage of our earnings are forfeited tq the government as the serf-slaves of Europe paid their lords and roasters two hundred years ago. And most exasperating of all, after all the blood, taxes and retrocession from the war we are now reversing our policy now we desire la Strong Germany and we will soon be pouring ; the. people's .money into th hands, of a Hitler No- 2. We'll hayn to tell the G.L's torry, boysj tw4s all a mistake." - I MILTON L, BAKER, I Oakland. A STATE OF HEALTH .. ' Editor: .What: a wonderful I wordl is "propaganda.' The Alam4a County - Medical Association have made a "quick survey ,w but tha facts reported as a result: of that survey are highly ; sigrsificant, and passage of a health iinsurance bill would not improve the over-all pic ture: The citizens of this county or' any other . county cannot be leg's iated into a. state of good health, ' ' " PAUL THOM7SOX ' sovereign-right to sendfiny one it' an4 ever since then fws been the it .was admitted to the Union. - - - m - , . . . i : . . - - - . ; ;. .; . , : .. t -f "... J.S.f--

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