The New York Times from New York, New York on July 26, 1853 · Page 4
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The New York Times from New York, New York · Page 4

New York, New York
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Tuesday, July 26, 1853
Page 4
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MF.W.Vom, TUESUAV. JULY 26,1833. tTzT Pmwi in Newark, If. J , wishing to nJTartiee ia the Daily er WgggLT TlaRs, cam de so by calling ea M. Dakixls, Ne. 178 Market-street. " Secret Motives of Russia. We have heretofore expressed our belief that the hour has not yet sounded for Rossis "to consummate either the conquest or the annexation of Turkey. But we none the less trongly believe, that while Rassia also recognizes the truth of the same fact, she is anxiously studying the horoscope of the future, in fear lest when tbe supposed hour of conquest comes, tbe Christian inhabitants of Turkey should themselres refuse to be annexed. There is much ground for the conviction that the alarm of the Emperor, lest before many years the prestige of the masses of the Eastern Christians in faror of the Muscovite should be irrecoTerably lost, is the true and secret occasion of the unexpected and peremptory demand he has made . upon the Sultan for the Protectorate of the Eastern Church, and that this alarm is the key to the pertinacity with 'which the contention or guarantee is insisted upon. The first and fundamental article of the Serui or Conrention't which Prince Mrsschi-xorr drew up for the ratification of the Sultan, reads thus : Act. I. No change shall be made in the rights, privileges, and immunities which have bMi en-joyed, or which are bow enjoyed ab aninpt by the churches, the pious institutions, and the orthodox clergy, in the States of the Sublime Ottoman Porte, which ia pleased to secure such to them forerer, on Che basis of the strict sfeaiowe at present existing." The evident effect of making such a Con-vention with Russia, would be to authorize her to interfere and dictate in all the affairs of the Greek Church, to subordinate the Patriarchate of Constantinople to the minister of religion at St. Petersburg to authorize him Co oppose all changes in the spiritual and temporal relations of both clergy and people, eren if asked for by both united, and to authorize him to insist upon the maintenance of - . . 1 . 1 1 - , 1 : i.1 , to the clergy, in which the Christians of Turkey hare been held, up to the time of the Reformed Institutions of Turkey. And this is, above everything else, the peculiar authority the Emperor wishes to secure and it is this dangerous authority that the Porte, not only in the exercise of its own prerogatives, but also for the sake of the welfare of its Christian subjects, is determined not to grant. , The astute and Argus-eyed Cabinet of St. Petersburg has had the sagacity to discover, that no coming event was casting a stronger shadow beforehand, than that of the ultimate alienation of the sympathies of the Greek Christians in Turkey, from Russia, if she hould be obliged to defer for a much longer period both the conquest of Turkey and the 41 protectorate n of the Church. The causes which are effecting this alienation are numerous, and increasing in activity. The present institutions of Turkey oppose no direct barriers, to any efforts her Christian subjects may make for their own intellectual and moral education. There is no hindrance CO I lie esiaDiisnmeni wi bcuuvu, ur luopnui- ing and circulation of books, of whatever kind ; provided they do not contain attacks on the Government. The enterprise of the Greek publishers is extraordinary. They publish at the same time in volumnes, or numbers, translations of the romances of Dumas and Sue, and of the best works on moral and political IVnin fit Frni V n fyl i all nr Ttalian Her subjects, of all Christian sects, are'obtain-ing liberal education in the great capitals of Europe ; two-third a of the students in the University of Athens are subjects of the Porte of the Greek religion; and these return to 4ecome teachers, in all the large towns of 'Turkey, in the High Schools. Of course all "who come under such liberalizing influences connection it is to be noticed, that the very Jirat effect of education upon the Greek mind, is to develop a peculiarly Greek patriotism. . And Russia sees that that patriotism is in- ; spurea wun a spirit oi conquest lor me ureeK -Cross in European Turkey, but not in behoof -of the Northern Bear. Russia desires, therefore, to increase tbe restraining influence she diss over Greece, by limiting the influence Greece exerts upon Greek mind in Turkey. - The position France has taken in behalf of the Catholic Church, m which Austria sustains her ; and the position which England and Prussia have taken for the Protestant Church, has induced Turkey to allow her subjects to pass freely from one church to another ; and the Greek clergy are impotent o restrain any of their flocks from leaving them for either of these churches, or from reading their publications. While the scores of French Cathohc missionaries, and fully an equal number of our own countrymen, as Protestant missionaries, are propagating ideas, all adverse to those which Russia would fain "hare predominate, the Porte continues to offer an asylum .in Turkey, to hundreds and thousands of Republican refugees, who learn the languages of the country, and with a natural enthusiasm discourse of liberty and tyranny, both in the abstract and concrete. There is no espionage to alarm those who wish to declaim in Turkey against foreign oppression. " "We ought not to forget, in enumerating the causes of the alarm felt at the Russian Court, in reference to the state of opinions in Turkey, to allude to the progress and development of mind throughout all Turkey ; brought about by the increased facilities for intercourse between people of different countries and religions, by means of steamboat navigation. It ia. here that the influence of Austria is of the most sinister kind, as regards Russia. The relative civilizing effect of the ninety steamboats on the Danube of the Austrian Company, is greater than that of the steamboats on the Mississippi. The poet -Campbkli. thought he was writing truth, as well as poetry, when he spoke of the Danube's Wild ebode, Vahnowa, nnpleughed, untrodden shore, Where scare the woodman finds a road, And scarce th fisher plies an oar." - The Danube, however, of to-day, is no longer the same. It is hardly possible to form an xaggerated opinion of the effect on the minds of the people throughout all European Turkey, of the constant voyages or these boats, under the control of a company as liberal and enterprising aa anything .can be in Austria. But, alas ! it is under another flag than that of Russia ; and Russia knows that people of her own religion under the away of Turkey, accustomed to much individual liberty are thinking how much more of it they perhaps might secure under Austria than under Russia. And something must be doae to prevent these speculations taking root, and to prevent Austria from getting too large a share of the spoils ii hca tie great partition occurs ! , We win specify but one more of the strong j motives Russia bas lor wiswog, extraordinary "Protectorate" in Turkey. It is notorious that the firman or charter given to each bishop by the Sultan, confers upon him a power and authority over his co-religionists, utterly incompatible with the civil liberty of the subject ; and it is equally notorious that the reformed institutions which, in principle, secure to all equality in fundamental rights, took away from the hierarchy a great portion of the means it formerly possessed of constraining and oppressing their flocks ; and that urged on by England and France, Turkey was gradually extending the Egis of equal and just laws over Mussulmans and Christians alike. This degree of Freedom does not harmonize with the views of Russia. "No change must be made in the privileges of the clergy existing ah antique" Let no change be made by which the powers of the clergy shall be limited to spiritual matters ; let there be no civil emancipation of the people from the rule of the clergy. Sustain all those ab antiquo privileges by which the clergy can shut out all intellectual light from the people, and are arbiters of their temporal, as well as. their spiritual lot. Give Russia the privilege of being the protector of the liberties of the Eastern Church, and she would, of course, thereby subject the people, the clergy, the Patriarchate and the Synod of Constantinople to that of St. Petersburg. It has, we believe, actually come to that point, that neither the Greek clergy, nor the intelligent Greek Christians of Turkey, desire the kind of protectorate Nicholas designs to inflict upon them. They will accept friendly interferenceand good offices from either England or Russia, and preferably from Russia ; but Russian Rule is desired by none but the peasants oppressed by Mussulman landlords and to them any change is flattering to their hopes. The chief bond of Russia, with the "majority of the Christian subjects of Turkey," is neither language nor race but Religion. Practically, we think the latter to be the weakest bond of the three. Yet, if all the three were combined, it would not be sufficient to entail the permanent necessity of their sympathising with Russia. We indeed expect to see that, wherever the Russians advance, with their overwhelming force, the people will make common cause with Russia, but it win be because their nobles or primates dare not suggest to them any other course. Why should it be supposed that there would be any more hearty attachment in the Walla-chians of the Roman race to the Russians of the Slavonic race, on account of mere similarity of religion, than in the Italians to the Austrians, merely because they are both Catholics? The abhorrence the Wallachian nobility have for the Russians, however sycophantic they may be, is notorious. We must abstain from speaking of the growing alienation of the Christians of Slavonic race in Turkey from Russia. It is all well enough summed up in the fact that the Greek Patriarch of Constantinople, in good faith and earnestness, has issue a solemn protest against the Protectorate, that Russia wishes to exercise in Turkey. In the view of His Holiness, Constantinople is " New Rome, and is the seat of the first bishopric inChristendom, having , justly a primacy over all the rest. And he has no more idea of yielding bis prerogatives in favor of the Archi-Episcopal See at St. Petersburg, than the Pope has of subordinating the Chair of St. Peter to the Bishop of St. Denis. The Patriarch regards it as most insolent language, when Prince MiwecHixorr speaks of the " Catholico-Greco -Russian worship, of the Eastern Church." The proposed Protectorate of Russia is, therefore, a scheme to control and restrain tbe liberties of Christians in Turkey, and to prevent the ingress of moral and political light into that country, on the pretence of restraining the Turks from violating the privileges of the clergy In anticipation of the period of the dissolution of the Turkish Empire, she wishes to i forestall the chances of the prize falling into the hands of others either by allotment to contiguous kingdoms, or by the setting up of independent sovereignties. She therefore raises a cry of pretended abrogations by the Porte of their ancient privileges, to justify her before the world for insisting on a guarantee, even by an invasion of the country. Just what Rassia may secure in the contest, which she cannot have commenced without counting the cost, we are not vain enough to predict at: present. But of one thing we are sure, that she is hastening the great catastrophe of the once formidable Turkish Empire. l London Cabs, On the 11 th July, the New Act for the regulation of Hackney-Coaches was enforced in London. The improvements introduced are several. The fares are established at 64., or 12 cents, for the mile ; and 2s., or 24 cents, for the hour. . The main difficulty, however, is to insure compliance with the legal rates. The former schedule was quite moderate ; but the passenger seldom found it of any practical use, unless he had the rare hardihood to wrangle with a cabman in a public thoroughfare, and suffer any amount of villi ficat ion and abuse, to the edification of an admiring mob of vagabonds. . One such scene occurred on the very first day of the new order of things. A Mr. Fitzgkkald applied at Bow-street for the arrest of a cabman ; stating that, having employed a cab for a distance less than a mile, he had tendered the driver the legal sixpence, j Bat, to use his own language, the fellow laughed in his face and demanded one shilling. He then threatened the driver with all the penalties of the law, a threat which only produced a torrent of abuse and derision, resulting in the collection of a large mob. Mr. Fitzgerald persisted; and, notwithstanding the fellow finally drove off without any fare at all, applied to the magistrate for the , punishment of the offender, by way of prompt and salutary example. This, however, was upon the first application of the better system, and should by no means pass as a test of its merits. The delinquent was probably unable to shake off" inveterate habits at such short notice. Hereafter, the fares will be blazoned on a large board at each coach stand. The driver will be obliged to hand his passenger a card, statiog his name and the number of his vehicle. A policeman will be detailed to each stand, to insure the proper administration of the rules. ( And, in case of dispute, the regulations require the cabman to drive his fare to a magistrate's office, where the difficulty maybe settled.; All these provisions are vastly in advance of the uncivilized system now prevalent in New-York. How long shall we be left behind! j We are glad to know that an enterprising gentleman has ordered an invoice of those hansom cabs, which visitors to London find so convenient. There may be a good reason why we shoo!d have no other than two-horse carriage-, adapted to the conveyance of four passengers, when vehicles with one horse and one seat would answer half the ordinary calls for cabs. The Cockney scorns the notion of two-horse vehicles. His conception of ve-hiculir luxury is the hansom, ' open in front," with do intrusive driver to divide the prospect that functionary being disposed of in the rear of the cab, and out of the range ef tbe traveler's sight. Tbe single horse gets over the pavement with astonishing velocity ; and the sixpence a mile may be earned a half-dozen times in an hour.- A few hundreds of such conveniences in New-York, regulated properly by law, and properly superintended by the police, would introduce a new era in the declining fortunes of the hackney-coach. Low fares, good government, and cheaper establishments, are what we very sorely need. Young America Abroad. The appointment of Mr. John M. Dahiils, of the Richmond Enquirer, to the Sardinian Chargeship, is a notable event in the history of the Administration. Mr. Dartils is, in the first place, an editor : a fact which elicits the regrets of silly people, who fancy incompatibility between editorial and diplomatic functions. Mr. Daxtxls is a young and enthusiastic man, brimful of chivalry, and ready-hearted and strong-handed in every good cause ; therefore, we are assured, he can never successfully illustrate . those traits of reserve and self-control, and taciturnity, so essential to the character of an envoy. Mr. Dakixls is decidedly Young American in his affinities ; therefore he will, no doubt, be guilty of exhibiting in the eyes of Europe undue admiration of the institutions of which he is the representative. These considerations, of course, deserve serious reflection. We may certainly conjure up to the mind's eye a different order, of being, better adapted, in the opinion of some, to the office of American agent abroad. He shall not be an editor. His mind shall not have been disciplined to that rapidity of perception so needful in the sharp, contests of diplomacy ; nor enlarged with those volumes ef information, which are as essential to . the journalist as they are helpful to the statesman. He shall be narrow in his views, limited in information, a sciolist in politics, a dastard in his republican professions. He shall be advanced in life, and a very mummy of conservatism. And being these things, he shall fairly embody that class of American representatives abroad, of which we have had enough and to spare. What is objected to Mr. Danisls, proves, when closely examined, to be his highest recommendation. Such men as he are wanted abroad. The crisis demands such. We want the energy and vitality of early life : we want that enthusiastic conviction that republicanism is an axiomatical truth ; a fact beyond the need of further demonstration ; an evangel of good to be preached widely and confidently ; not with the hesitating naivete of a virgin and questionable faith. At the Court of Turin, where the beaten Democracy of Europe chiefly congregates, a man like Mr. Danisls must be eminently useful. He will be useful as representing a Government at home, ready to second his advanced ideas, and elevate the character and claims of a wholesome liberty among the effete absolutism of Europe. Mr. William B. Kikw it, the late Charge, encumbered as he was with the editorial drawback, has contrived to do his duty as serviceably as the i tame backing of the recent administration permitted. As far as his relations with the State Department allowed him to go, with the least propriety, he went, in his aid and sympathy for the momentarily-defeated cause. Mr. Dakirls, assured of the borne support necessary for the proper execution of his duties, will be still more serviceable. $ . . . i It is pleasant to see Young America recognized at last, in the matter of appointments. Mr. Corby, the very man for Constantinople, has been refused that important post, and contents himself with disputing a seat in the United States Senate, . with Mr. Chase. Mr. Sauhdbss, always willing, and abundantly able, to play the champion of manifest destiny anywhere in Christendom or pagandom, stands idle. Let us hope that with the nomination of Mr. Dahiils, the dawn of better things is indicated. A sprinkling of Young Americanism in every foreign legation, would be vastly profitable. I 1 Ambassador Borland. Senator Borland was unable to tear himself away from his Arkansas constituency, without delivering himself of a farewell address. It -is always gratifying to observe the example of Washington finding favor with living statesmen ; albeit, personal, and not general and political topics, are the staple of the imitation. Senator Borland goes to Central America, he informs us, in the first place, to recruit the health of himself and his family in the dry atmosphere of those climes ; and secondly, to serve his country. We presume the country at large will' be satisfied if he effect I the first of these objects, and says as little as possible about the second. Mr. Borland's public services at the Isthmus must be limited to the collection of information for the department at home. If he attempt to interfere at all with the delicate web of diplomacy, with those clumsy hands of his, there are a hundred chances i to one of our having an armful of troubles upon us before he has been there six months, j Borland was never cut out for a Talliyband. In all the nice requisites of a negotiator, he is quite deficient. The Senate had sixty-one men in it better qualified to fulfiTJthe duties of the pest ; and if personal reasons had not, in this instance, prevailed with the President, over a careful regard for public service, another would have been dispatched.; If Mr. Borland, therefore, be sincerely desirous to do good service in his embassy, he will play the Minister as little as possible, and devote the whole of his time to restoring the health of Mrs. Borland, and of aU the little Borlands. It is, perhaps, a pity that the envoy ever abandoned his medical diploma for the crooked paths of diplomacy, VST The Report of the British Emigration Commission has just been printed. The document abounds with interesting facts in reference to the outward movement of population ; some of which may serve to correct very erroneous and exaggerated ideas as to the extent of the emigration td America. Since 1815, the era of peace, only 3,463,292 emigrants had left the United Kingdom; only! 1,641,8 IS departing between that period and 1847, the date of the Irish famine. The bulk of the movement has occurred since the latter event. The Irish exodus during the last six years has carried off 1,313,26 persons. During the year 1852, the outflow to Australia reached the sum of 87,831; Government assisting 34,354 of the number to make the transit. Thi first quarter of 1S53, for which, unluckily, we are rot indulged with the figures, is stated to ex- a a" r. - - J.;i.J -t ! m r . lUDii a very uecxueu laxuz; ia me outgo, a J fact from which the Commissioners infer a greater degree of comfort and content among the lower orders. , The inference is probably forced. The diminished fortunes realized in Australia, taken in connection with the utterly disorganized state of society there, has a great deal to do with the flagging emigration. The adventurous these who were so lightly, attached to the Mother Country as to depart at the first trumpet -peal from the far off gold-world are all numbered in the record of 1851-2. The first attraction was naturally the most potent ; and its harvest the heaviest. The decline was therefore to be anticipated. It does not require the state of labor in England to explain it. The arrival of the Northern Ligkt yesterday, from San Juan, puts: us in possession of fourteen days' later news from California. And far more pleasant it is than by the former arrival. The mining intelligence . continues favorable, and the crops, so far as reported, are flattering. Two disastrous fires, however, are reported, the one at Shasta, which caused the destruction of some $250,000 worth of property, and the other at " Rough aad Ready," a flourishing mining town in Nevada County, whose loss is estimated at $60,000. The Democracy of the new State show that they are of the same blood with their Atlantic brethren, by their stormy sessions while in Convention. However, as with them, it is to be presumed that once nominated, a candidate is quite sure of the votes of the party. Gov. Biolir was renominated, and little as it looks like it now, without a doubt the Democratic press will, after a while, wheel into line and do the best they can for his reelection. It is pleasant to see how, by every succeeding arrival, the list of marriages swells, it makes a fine show this time, and that fact hints very distinctly of a new order of things fast coming to pass on our Pacific border. Death of Ilea. Heseklak C. Sejsnewr. Hon. H. C. Ssymovk, late Engineer-in-Chief IIszikiah C. Srtmour, late Engineer in-Chief of the State of New-York, died on Sunday evening, 24th inst.,' at hia residence at Piermont, Rockland County, at the age of 42 years, leaving a widow and. a family of six children one son and five daughters to mourn, in common with numerous friends and the public at large, his antimely loss. Few men could have passed away from the community at the present time, whoso death would be more generally and more sincerely lamented. In the year 1835, after having been engaged in similar, but less . extensive duties on other roads, Mr. Seymour assumed the labors of engineer on the New-York and Erie Railroad ; acting in which capacity he continued until he was appointed general superintendent of the same great enterprise. He resigned this office in 1819, and was soon after elected State Engineer, the duties of which he performed to entire public acceptance. While holding this high and important station, he was elected chief engineer of the Ontario, Huron and Lake Sim-coe Railroad, in Canada West, running from Toronto to Lake Huron. This office he transferred to another in the Spring of 1852, upon becoming interested in important railroad contracts, involving altogether an amount of expenditure exceeding thirty-fire millions of dollars. Among the more important of these are the great Ohio and Mississippi Railroad, from Cincinnati to Saint Louis ; the Louisville and Nashville Railroad, and the Aii-Liue Road between New-York and Boston. Mr.. Seymour was a man of quick discernment, correct judgment, and prompt decision. His fore-cast and sagacity were eminently displayed in his prosecution and management of all the public works with which he became connected. It is to his wise discernment that the public are indebted for the introduction of the " wide guage " upon the New-York and Erie Railroad, which has been followed by so many other ro.da in the country. This great improvement was carried by a report of his to the President and Board of Directors, whose simple reasoning overcame all opposition to the measure. As a scientific and practical engineer, he was held in the highest esteem ; and his predictions of the results of the roads he constructed, were found to be little short of actual prophecies. No man in America exceeded him in the practical knowledge of constructing, equipping and working railroads. He saw clearly, decided promptly, and acted vigorously. . He was a man of unswerving integrity, and conscientious uprightness of conduct, in all the relations of the business of life. No man was more esteemed and beloved by his friends. ' He was frank, open-hearted, generous : and there are hundreds who will read these lines some made rich, and others in the way of becoming so who owe their good fortune entirely to their benefactor's unselfish disregard of his own.' A more affectionate father, a kinder husband, a truer friend, a better neighbor, are rarely to be found. Grateful hearts will follow his remains to their last resting-place to-day, and bitter, bitter tears will fall from many eyes upon the early grave which enshrouds his manly form. It is a consolation for his surviving friends to know that as he lived so he died, a conscientious, practical Christian. His life was one of gentleness and good deeds, and " his last end was peace." Green be the turf that covers that cold heart, once so warm ; and aweet the repose from which he will awake in " another and a better world !" Musical. Cabtlr Gardin. 44 Sonnambula " attracted a good house last evening. Without being crowded, the seats were comfortably filled. Considering the threatening aspect of the heavens, the audience was more numerous than we anticipated would attend. It is almost unnecessary for us to allude to the Amino of Mad. Sontao. The excellencies and peculiarities, dramatic and vocal, of her assumption of the character, have been sufficiently descanted on. It is one of her popular, but we cannot and never have recognized it as among her best, characters. Dramatically considered, it is infinitely inferior to the majority of her renditions. Otherwise, it is not remarkable. Mad. Sontao was not in such perfect voice as on the two last nights of performance. Even ia the upper range of her notes there was wanting the delicious liquid purity to which we have been accustomed. Mad. Somtao appeared to be aware of this fact, and exerted herself bravely. It is not possible, however, for the truly gifted to be very much below the standard of excellence ; and in thus speaking of Mad. Sowtao's performance, and her short comings, we are estimating her more by herself, than by any other artist. In the finale to the Opera, Mad. Sontao was most successful. Indeed, we have seldom heard " Ah ! non giange " given with better spirit, and originality. ' There was a passionate ahandon in it, rarely achieved or attempted on the lyric stage. Signor Badiali distinguished himself ia the solo " Ti rawiso," but was not equally successful in the aria. In the latter he presumed too much on the assistance aad precision of the orchestra. Several notes were merely facial ones not sung, but expressed. Signor Bamali need not be so chary of his voice; he has plenty of it. The magnificent duet " Prendi : L'an el ti dono," was not interpreted with sufficient spirit. The tenor appeared to be incapable of sentiment, or passionate utterance of any kind. The same remark applies, in a less degree, to the finale of the second act. A debutante assumed the character of Lisa. We were not especially delighted with the performance. Nervousness may have had something to do with the imperfect tune of the lady's voice, but a lack of sweetness, and other appreciable qualities, must, we are afraid, be attributed to another cause. A word in praise of Chorus and Orchestra may be justly bestowed. The voices in the former were well balanced, aad regulated with puactuality and decision.' Max UaRRtzex, (who Las probably kEovrn the nuisic of SoanaraVila" fxcza earliest infancy,) officiated in the instrumental department with more than "ordinary ability. On Wednesdsy next the Opera ,of Norma." The mere announcement will be sufficient to attract a crowded audience. I THE CRYSTAL PALACE. . -t Progress of the E xhibilioa. . The Centaur, laden with 62 cases of articles for the Italian department of the Crystal Palace, has arrived some of them being statues ia marble of a very high order of merit. A copy, in marble, of the " Belvidere Apollo," is, we understand, among the consignments. Italy will sustain, her antique reputation for sculpture in the Exposition, although, owing to the present unhappy condition of Italian affairs, some of the best artistic products of that country appear in the Austrian department. A charming group, taken from Chateaubriand's rustic tale of Atala, has just been placed. It is full of sentiment and feeling, and the attitudes are easy and graceful. The artist is Signor In Hoctirr Fraccaroli, a young Italian sculptor, whose own history is quite as romantic as any that the novelist could invent. On the corner of. the north nave, a figure entitled " Malicious Love," that is, a figure of Cupid idly piercing a butterfly with his arrow is from the chisel of the same artist. The idea is poetic, and the pose of the figure is perfectly easy. The expression of languid mischief on the countenance of the Cupid is perfectly rendered. In the east nave a new statue has made its ap pearanee. The son of William Till, at the moment that good patriot has made the successful shot. The apple is pinned to the stump of a tree above the boy's head (a physical impossibility by the way. if the apple had been his head, as all tox-opholites will know, for the arrow ' would pass through so soft amedium without causing it to move its position.) and he is kneeling and looking at it with and expression, half of pride, half of thankfulness for his escape. The head of the boy is sufficiently expressive, but the figure is abominably modelled. The arms are two inches too short, and the neck and shoulders are in great disproportion to the sixe of the head. . Signor Piatti, the courteous and intelligent director of the Fine Arts department, exhibits three works two full lengths, and one a bust of Danirl Webster. One of his full length figures the youthful son of an Irish farmer, in the time of the famine of 1848 is expressive and satisfactory. The traces of the famine, shown in the sharp anatomical lines of the back, overcoming the round proportions of youth, are excellently indicated. This figure gained the prixe of a medal for the sculptor at Rome. Probably one of the most attractive figures in the Exhibition is that entitled " The Industrious Girl :n by Signor Maori. It is a little Roman peasant girl, clad in the coarse linen gown of her class, with the flat headdress, also peculiar to the Italian peasant girl ; seated on a stool, with all her faculties absorbed in the important task of threading her needle. ' Her little, thickly-shod feet, just peeping from beneath her coarse woolen gown, are turned in, as a little rustic's feet should be. Her face, innocent and pure, is solemn with the gravity of her task, and by her side lies her work-basket, so full of linen shreds and other nondescript objects, that one sees she intends to do a deal of work. It is a bit of Campagna life from nature. The girl is real and natural, and interests one at once. She has a companion, a Roman boy trying on his father's hat, not so good. The lack of seats on the ground floor of the Palace still continues. This argues much neglect on the part of the authorities. So easily obtained and inexpensive a public convenience, need not be so long delayed. Nor should it require six meetings of a Committee to decide on the purchase of a doxen chairs, whereon weary ladies may repose. If the Crystal Palace authorities are not just, we hope they will be gallant, and not permit ladies to look so wearifully around them for a place of refuge, as we saw them yesterday. The statistics of receipts for Monday, July 25, are as follows : Single Tickets.. 2,650 Season Tickets . .r, 1.250 Cash receipts 1,307 75 The contributions to the Washington Fund, are as follows : Amount of cash on hand $331 30 Contributions for 23d and 25th inat 98 37 Total $479 67 fz2T According to calculations in the Pittsburg Pott, the iron manufacturers of this country have a sure demand before them of nearly 8300,000,000 for fabrics to be turned out from their manufactories a demand that will require aU, and more than all their capacity to supply fast enough. The calculation upon which the statement are based, is the extent of Railroad now in course of construction. With one hundred tons per mile, single track, it will require 1,300,000 tons of iron rail to complete the thirteen thousand miles of railroad, either in progress, or which will be in progress ere long, including the Pacific Railroad. At $50 per ton, this would require an outlay of $ 65,000,000 for single tracks alone. But many of these roads will be double tracks, besides turnouts, dec Then follows a vast outlay for cars, locomotives, and other iron works about such roads. And it may be fairly estimated that all the iron for them will cost not less than $150,000,000. Ocean and inland steamers, iron ships, manufacturing machinery, iron buildings, and all the other innumerable uses to which iron is applied, will require as much more ; making an aggregate sure demand for $300,000,000 worth of iron. Besides which, many other railways will be chartered and undertaken every year, to keep up a steady demand to that amount for many years to come, if not a constantly increasing amount. With the high price of iron abroad and the "demand at home, iron manufacturers have a tolerable fair prospect of profit before them, without the aid of legislation to help them or their business, at the expense of other industrial pursuits. Thi ErriCTs er Driviko Cattls through TBJR STRBSTS SCBBR IS THI PARK SRVRaAL PRISONS IaJVBSS.--Last arcaiar, abeat 7 o'clock, as a eo, ia charge of a eoloree man, was beiag drive a aUag- Caaal-strst, she took fright near the coraer of Weet-atreet, aad ran at fall speed towards Broadway. Along CaaaWetreet she kept asar the centra of the road, avoiding the ears of the Eighth- avsaae Raikead with a happy sease ef daagsr. Crosnag Broadway, she ceatiaaed her eoarse aloag Caaal-(tract, aad turned eft at Ceatre-street, whars, sa-eeuateriBg a policeaiaa aaawd Las. she speedily prostrated hiss, doiag him eoasidtraMe iajary. She thea har-' ried iate Elat-strttt, where she attacked a geatlesaaa aad lady who reside ia Brooklya. The gaatlemaa escaped with little damage, hat the lady was tossed by the iafe-riaUd aaiatal, aad very extensively hart. Her iajeries were attended to by a saedical g-eatlesiea who aappeaed to be near, aad ultimately the lady was takea te her ewa residence. After this expleit the aalsaal halted eppoeite the police atatiea ia T raa Vli a-etree t aad seessed ready te charge aay aaatber ef pnlieeaiea. Iemediately a member of the force evinced a desire te eoaae forth, she made a desperate butt at him aad eaased him laeoatiaeatly te withdraw. This soeae eaatiaaed for some tune, when, eataosiaaaa bogiaaias; te nag, tbe eew started eaT ia eeeet ef ("rub, exetteaaeat. To rash along Franklin, aad base me aa aaweloeme apparition ia Broadway, was the work ef a few miaates. Down Broadway, towards the Park, censing- sack m scat-taring ef pedestrians as has been rarely witnessed before. We have not been able te leara the names ef the parties mjmred ia Broadway. Several persona were knocked down, er teased iate the air, and some were g end. On reaching the Park, the animal tamed ia. Thea a siagalar sosae was witnessed. ' Mr Goorxasoa, keeper ef a Eenor-shep ia Chatham- street, who is noted, we understand, for his prewees ia seeming runaway em tio, was aeat for, aad ia company with afr. AnAMsex, ehaacd the ereatate for early aa honr, witheat snrr . At last, whea ia the neighborhood ef the Rotaada, a Spanish boy, aged abeat foarteea years, named Astoisr PR LA Caorx, recently from California, proposed te catch the cow. The Police eoateapteeesly ordered him to stand aaMe. He preeared a rope, however, aad, while the Police were laying their heads together te compass tbe capture, he eWxteewaaly lsssui her by one horn. It was now aa easy task to secure her, aad the crowd tarned ia with right good-will, the Polios, especially, taking great credit for fasteaiag the aaraly animal to a pest te await the arrival ef the owner. Te the CaLfrr-nian boy, koworer, bLot the credit of the eaptmre. TT.P I-ay crop ia portions cf Ncw.IIi-r. 7::13 is very poor. . . Tcai. Island. J t!.3 KU Fitter, CapU Kir-SOPRKR, from CratJ lie;, we learn that"aa!t is vrry scarce, a:. i t was but one American vessel (the bark IlmJ. C ) in port, and wLich'.wouId be- cox-j !.'? I t some time before securing iCiLt to cor; .; on cargo. BUSINESS NOTIOCO. Moultow, Punrrow, Williams icCo T I roaTxas as JrSRRas or Dst Coobs. at htf Ca t Pricxs, No It Vrsrt Ann No. e B aiclav-stk? zit BIRRCTLT in- RXAR OP TBS AsTOR Qot'il Cg Uifrtr iavOe the atteatioa ef Closr Bonis to their aoiirs.'!. Z ste-k ef reeds, which they are Jtew offering m tii, as-Ttrn WABRneuas, te which they have lately remmr, Tbetr oteck ef goods is one ef the moet extenaire la tie eeeatry, aad ia subdivided iate Department," etr baviag a purchaser aad maaagsr, and a system of ae. eeaats distinct from all the rest. Thos this ssUU.,V ssent presents the characteristics of distinet aad sepaiate stacks, with all the attention and energy, ia each department, usually expended upon an ordinary store. Their ewa stock anmber is apea all the goods, ami ty which aambers they are charged aad than bayeis eaa compare bills, aad thsy will Cad that the goods have bat eae price, aad that this Firm act apea . the maxim tUt M Orb bus's bollar ts as soon as abotbkrs." TBS BRPARTMSBTS ARB AS FOLLOWS ! Print aad Ciagham Department, located ea the tnl floor. ' ' -. Drees Goods Depertateat, located oa the first floor. Woolea Goods aad Mea's Ware Depart stent, located ea the first floor. " Pnmootio. Goods Department, located ia the basement. Carpet aad Oil Cloth Department, located ia the hase-msat. , - White Coeds aad Bmbreiaery Depertmeat, located ea the seeond stery. Hosiery aad Clove Department, located ea the second story. Snail Wares Department, geaerally termed "Yankee Notions," located oa the second story. Ths manager of each Dopartmeat is interested ia the retwras of hie paitiealar Dopartmeat ealy, eoaseqaenUy the S)stem of offering leading and well-known sty es of goods, very cheap, te sell others aot as well uadsrstood, is entirely avoided ia this establishment we sail every Oty'e of goods RXTRKMRLY CHRAP. To parties of kaewn responsibility they are prepared te greet time, by adding interest at the rate ef sevea per Mat. per aaaam, and taking their paper, payable at the Bank, Banker or Commieeion tTonao ef the drawers. "Wn. Galr, Son dc Co., Mahutacturrrs or siLvxR wars, NO 4S7 BROADWAY, -Coraer ef Broome-et . Sd story, tate of No. IIS Paltoa-et, (where they hnve maaafactared for the last 30 years,) have oa hand a large aad varied stock of . SILVER WARE, ' AH of their ewa mean facta re. . Givb Thim a Tbiai -Thi Pjiysiciaks universally recommend the ZEPBER MERINO VNDERTESTS, ' sold nt oar eataMishment. They peeeoas erery quality adapting them to the season, elasticity lightness, dara- bihty and chsapaess. - i A. RANKIN m CO . No. 104 Bowery. Unskr-oarmrnis, Glovss, ard Hosxxit, combining excellence ia euality durability ef ten tare, aad impartiag health, eemfort and pleasure to tbe wearer, will be found ia every variety, at the well-kaewm importing and manufacturing establiihmsat of ; UNION ADAMS, No. S91 Broadway, Oppoeito Metropolitan PoteL ' Wi Wish to Rxbiwo our Rsadbrs that the greet aaetioa sale of 1,000 beautiful lots, situated at Weet Flaehiar, takas place TBIS DAY, (Taeariay.) WIDNBSDAY una THURSDAY, Jul? So, 17 aad tt, at IS o'clock oa each day, at the Merchants' Exohaage, by ALBERT B M COL AY, auctioneer. Three beae-tilul Iota are eitaeted on the line of the New York and Pluahing Railrrad, aad its depot will be oa this property. The deeds are to coatsia sthngeat aaitaacs clauses, aad ae houses will be allowed to he built to cost less than $J,OC0eaeh, but no time be enanified whan they ahali be boil. The new i)lae of West Flaahiee: ia vary haalthV, and destined to become one of the mnet bennu-ful viilsges Witht'a twenty miles of Nsw-fork. The terms are easy. For farther particulars we rsr te the Auctioneer, No. 40 Wall et. HorshsacVs Worm Strpp Thi bo it safe and effectual remedy ever discovered for the destruction of Worms, either in children er aenlu oeiag so aa'e aad. leasat, that it can be green to the mnet leader ia aata. The baedreds of cures performed daily by this Syrap should satisfy all of its unprecedented virtues, as no parent will be without it after once giving it a trial. Whea your children are afflicted with blueness under the eyes, picking nt the nose, bloated stomach rover, eaddea starting in their e)ap then ia yoar time to uae thie remedy. J.N. KIBIN1ACK. PronrMlor. PbJJadaliibia C T. CLICKENER efc CO., No. 81 Barclay-st Nsw-Yerk Wholesale Agents for Eastern States. To Mi op Tasti Thosi who wish to poesees a healthy and laauriaat growth of hair, avoid baldm . ana deaieersie freedoaa of the tip fro. neuasitieml neeumalatiraa, wni vitalitv ia the hair, should use BOGLE'S ilYfEiUO. FLUID, ramsd evsrthe Union for its preserestiee sad beaetifyiae effects. Sold by the inventor, WM. BOGLE, No. m Wnahington-et., Boston: A. B. dk D. SANDS, No. 100 Fulton-ev, New -York ; WM. H. CA.RY CO, No. S45 Pearl St.; RTJSHTON, CLARK ex CO., No. ITS; RING, Ne.l9; BURTON ex 8TK2LE, No. 433 Bruadway, aad hi the Druggists aad Psrfumsra throughout the world. "-. Dat-Book. It is a Plbasurb always ro as to read this meet welcome paper, aad we are ealy astonished it is aot foaad erery where whea people can appreciate Independence ef tone, ready wit, aad boaeat - truth. Inetead mf talking about the wroegs of women, we find its proprietor eileriaxiag their lot by throwing ormn te them a aew field for their labor, in type setting We hear they are most ape scholar. , Mr. Sriairsoa deearvee mueb credit for the course be baa taken, aad we fool seen roe that, wore hie paper better known, it would receive almost the universal support of the country. It is true Union ia its politics; sound ea every qusst'oatoits very core. - The best wiahnws eaa giee it is that it may meat its deserts. rVefl-rt. Jsei-nsf. : j " Akotittbs. -Psrsons who comtiuplatb baying aaaaities for the benefit of indigent female relatives aad fneada. are requested to notice tat fluO l1 buy one of SINCSR'S SEVY1NO MACHINES, the uae ef which will pr dace an income equal to the e -mturtable mainteaaaee ef a family. No plea for the permanent beeefit ef industrious aad respectable females was seer presented te the public at all to parable te this These most popular aad admirable machines are eanstajitly exhibited aad sold at the office, No 323 Broadway. 1. M. SINGER dt CO. Thb Glass Casb im thb Crystal Palacx marked M ALFRED MUNROE dc CO., No. 441 Broadway, Now. York, and No.- 34 Magaxine-etreot, NewOr Wane," eoataina samples of Clothing maaafactared fcy that firm, at No. 441 Broadway. A oarefal ezamiaatioa of the styles and make of the different garments by s l wbe visit the Grant Industrial Eibibitioa is reirtectialir solicited. A fall assortment of all six a, for Mea ani Boys, eoaateatly am bead at their large Retail Eetablua-meat. No. 441 Broadway. No deviatiea from murks! prices.- - ' . ' It is oftbn asrrd, " How should wb bo without steam r er, What weald the world do without gas!" But the great queatioa is, M Hew coo Id soeiy get along without KNOX'S incomparable Hats 7" i..s Rocky Moeataia Beavers at, paeitiTely, the mnet comfortable artielee ever maaufactured. They effectual 'y protect the head fr-m sea-strokes, and giro afeatlemaa y appearance. KNOX ii the cheapest hatter ia the woil, aad his store is st No. 12a Falma st. A Ca. -Thb Propristors or Portxrs Patent for Revolving Fire Arms beg to call the atteauoa ef the Trade, aad all others iaterested, to the performance efsaid Arma, at No. SIS Broadway, betwaea the hecr of 10 o'clock, A. M. and IS o'clock. U. daily, where t - r caa be seen te be discharged nine tjmea in e seeob , throwing the ball with earpnmag force aad securer-. Office for bans ess connected with this larsaUaa, ii No, W Broadway. , ' SLXNTr CAsnriT rtriKmrss. D. i r TI .Eowb, No. 438 Pearl -et invite atteatioa to the.'r e ' - stve a semi meat of rich, fashionable, well made C. Furniture, comprising rosewood, saahoejaay and a ? pointed ia suitee, together with feather betie, su"r- aad chairs of all kinds ; also, premium sola ke . i t . v -Rises kinds at maaaactajsrs' pneea. Morbiho Boat. Francis Ezitvt lsavt j foot ef Robineoa-st., every morning (Sundays eiet; ' t at 7 o'clock, for Albanr eod intermediate laadiara. boat is tbe naoet beoetiel of ail am the nrar. hni twelve bridal ebam bore, the a leader ef which aar-w . the most mugmifieeat betels ; besides, extra eccoi--.; .-tioas for fajauiiee aad parties. To Uf-Towtc Druogists, Groczx, atj OtbRRS. BUSH dk GALE, Wholeeale D .',, : ISa 6reenwich-et., offer for sale, ia juai'..i i tie purchasers, ifresh Bermuda Arrow-Root, L-..a . -Carb. Soda, Kidder's Tartaric Acid, pure VA of L i aad Bergamet, fresh Caraway Seed, prime I.ewcu.. Sal Soda, East India Castor Chi, dee. Wb Advisb obb abd all whoss IIaii i- gray, or tarn a r gray, to supply themselves. witKoit cV ' with LOYET'S WAHPEfE, which has ti.o r---of turning Hair to ha original color, beaaty, ial i This is not a de, but eoeratee ea the ro-t ef t . , teetering it te nature. No. 114 Chambers-t., BaRKBK's ChXVXVXTOBIQCR lea TIT X litis daHy becoming Baore popular. All who uee it , -bghted with the effect tt has en the hair, ran ' : grow where for years the head kas kxea b&'.i. 1 stimalntinr and iniront:BT qaal.tiea ate w- Sold at BARKER'S, No. 4j Broadway, asi i'l c ; : fancy efeee. . Rrmoval. Jirvis, V,'rrr:x3, V: .: Doer Hate, teal, si.J Cener&l r--'-."', I ? few dnnre below h:a oil ata-4, to . I I - , ttr of, and eatran-o ia, ir.;.' a-tt. eull be f.Ten m rrre, i '. - -j : r

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