The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 6, 1950 · Page 12
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 12

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Thursday, April 6, 1950
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Page 12
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• PAGE TWK1.VB Wf.VTWFVTT.I V, f ARK.Y OOTTWTini THURSDAY, APRIL «, 1980 Tlw N«tiwi Todoy: Tli« History of Present Files Dispute Dates Back in. History '(Editor'i No<«: This Is the last of thre* itories explaining how (he President cm refill congress' de- m»nds lor secret flics.) •- By jami Marlow WASHINGTON, April S. OF) — There'* » long history behind the present dispute between Congress and the President over this question: Does the legislative branch of the cmernment (Congress) have a right to M« secret files In the executive branch (headed by the president) if he thinks It better not to dis- L clps«, them? Herman wolklnson, an attorney of the Justice Department, has made an exhaustive study on the history behind this dispute and published his findings in the Fcd- 'er»l Bar Journal. Congress Can't Compel The conclusion he reaches—that the Congress can't compel the - President to turn over evecutive records—are his own, not those of • the Justice Department although • the Justice Department has taken exactly the same stand since the start of the American government. .This Is a ^bnef summary of his study:. Although Wolkinson says there 'have been ^many instances where Congress was : turned down in its demands upon the executive branch, he lists' 29 cases as outstanding. 'Those 29 cases cover refusals by 17 presidents, (starting with Wash. ingto'n) and their department heads to heed : Congressional demands. When the department heads '-refused, they did so with Presidential approval of their action. • (jTh'e Presidents. - besides ; Washington, were: Jefferson, Monroe 'Jackson^ TS'ler, polk, Fiilmorc._Iju^ chanan,- Lincoln, Grant. HA .Cleveland, • Theodore Roosevelt • Coodige, Hoover. Frankin D. Roose• veil, and Truman.) Precedent Is Set ^Wolkinson .says:. ."For over .150 , years—almost 1 from the time tha 1 tJie American form of governmcm ifM created by the adoption of the • Constitution—our ' presidents ' hav established, by precedent, that thej '*hd-members of their cabinet havi ' ah undoubted privilege and dis cretlon.to keep confidential, in thi ^ public Interest, papers and inform •tipn; which require secrecy. . , ' VJIhe message of our past PresI 'dentt reveal that almost every on ' of them found It necessary to in form Congress of his constitutions duty to execute the office of Presi dent and, In furtherance of tha duty, to withhold Information an -papers for the public good. . . ' t ,"Courts have unifromly held tha , th« President arid the heads of de partmenta have an uncontrolle , dlKretation to withhold the infirm *Uon and papers In lie publi tnterwt, and they will not interfer 1 with v the exercise of that discre tloc." ' Meam Lower Courts -, I-Wolkinson means here courl ,k«rer than the Supreme Cour •bice the Supreme Court neve yet has'had to pass on the 'issue Congress sometime might try pau a-law saying the Presiden would have to give Congress an .Information It wanted. ": If Congress passed such a law th President undoubtedly would refus to boey it, choosing to fight it u . io'the Supreme Court for a fina decision. He'd argue such a law w unconstitutional and was an a- tempt by Congress to interfere wit Presidential rights arid powers. And, Wolkinson points out, th President doesn't even have to obt «n order by.» federal court to prr duce papers which'the Presiden >•'!,' for the public good, should ot be revealed. In 1807 Chief Justice Marshall dered President Jefferson to pro- ice certain papers In the trial Aaron Burr when Bur said the apcrs would help his defense. Marshall thought the President 1 ould have to obey such a court o'er but still said the President uld withhold any portion of the ocument which the President con- dered confidential. Marshall agreed that the Presl- cnt should be sole judge of what e considered confidential. Jeffer- n not only ignored Marshall's rder but said that under our amcwork of government the jud ial branch (the courts) has no uthority to order the president to anything. Acheson Would Approve Aid fo Argentina WASHINGTON, April' 6. (/PI — ecrctary of .Stale Acheson said eslerday It would be a normal move for the United : States to rant financial aid to Argentina the wake of improved economic elatlons between the countries. Acheson told his news conference lie entire relationship between the wo nations is markedly better. And said,, the U.S. is anxious to •>lay its part in cooperating ec- inomlcally with Argentina. The secretary said various step? o help Argentina are under, con- lideration. j Relations with Argentina often lave been severely strained in the past,-Emphasis now_is_being placed on eliminating""frlctloh~'polnts,- «s-= lecially. on economic /affairs. Argentine finance minister Ra-. num.A. Cereijp has been In Wash-- ngtdn two weeks. In that-time he las settled problems 'with a num- ier of American companies. The Argentine government often has said It does not want a direct government loan. But, .It has suggested the U. S. could provide fin- .nclal aid In these two ways: 1. By granting of a credit BO Argentina could pay off quickly her lacklpg of commercial debts owed o American exporters; and 2.'Arranging a credit with .American manufacturers; to supply Argentina with badly needed farm machinery. ;••' Nashville Man QuifJ Highway Commission LITTLE ROCK, April S. (AP) — Barney Smith of Nashville yesterday resigned from .the Arkansas Highway 'Commission.. - : . ; Governor McMath announced the resignation ; and said smith , had been forced to step down Irom the post by ill health. •_• Appointed as a successor to Smith v,as Olen Hendrlx. an Antoine lumberman and banker. A hawk high in the air has such unusual sight that It can detect a mouse ,in-the grass. Now Many Wear FALSE TEETH With More Comfort FASTEETH, » pleasant alkalln? (non-acid) powder, holds fnfa« teeth more tIrmly. To eat and talk more comrort, }nst sprinkle a. little ' PAS- TEEth on your plates. No gtimmy gooey, pasty, taste or feeling. Checks 'plaie odor" (denture breAth). Get rASTEErrH at any drug store. PHILCO 12'/2 INCH MODEL 14O4 $ 239 95, Built-in Aerial Super-Power Mahogany Veneer, Cabinet Matching Coniol* Batt Only $34.95 Extra TT'S the newest triumph of Philco -*• engineering and design. Yes, • huge 97 sq. in. picture on a 12}.$" tube, and yours now in B console- sl\ le cabinet: Ht lowest price in Philco history. In up to 8 out of 10 locations no aerial of any kind needed ... j us t plug in and play. As Low A a Week! Hubbard & Son FURNITURE PlKMM 4409 A Famous Suit Hudson Teamed Up To Bring You This Great Easter Suit Value! I . i. •-..:• , I ,. 100% Sheen Gabardine In Five Sparkling Colors Lush Tan • Spring Green • Soft Brown Silver Gray • Sophomore Blue and They're Unbelievably Priced at Don't pay $50 r $60 or $70 for a Suit when you can Dress with the Best this Easter for only $20 You would expect to pay $50 for this suit! Come in today and be convinced of its value! 1 Single and Double Breasted Models Sizes to Fit Everyone 50 Regulars Longs Shorts Stoufs Every Suit Precision Tailored for Guaranteed Fit! HUDSON CLEANER - CLOTHIER - TAILOR Blytherille, Arkansas Steele, Missouri

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