Oakland Tribune from Oakland, California on September 26, 1947 · Page 32
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Oakland Tribune from Oakland, California · Page 32

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Friday, September 26, 1947
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Bfitonai page nf aklattii Wtxbtm Home Owned; Controlled, Edited Oakland, Calif., Sept. 26, 1947 Public's Help in Present Food Crisis Not the Only Contribution Needed Food problems, here and abroad, have re-received attention unprecedented in peacetime. Ii issuing a statement on the Marshall Plan, for the consideration of the 16 nations which recently submitted a report, Presi dent Truman cut through his discussion of I the series of steps necessary before the American decision canbe made with a declaration that certain urgent problems, newly arisen, cannot wait careful study. They are, he says, "of an emergency nature which demand immediate attention." In a second statement, in which he made public the report of the Cabinet Committee on World Food, the President again recognized an emergency. Steps to conserve the use of foodstuffs at home and reduce the feeding of grain to livestock will be essential if we are to make the fullest contributions toward meeting minimum foreign needs and at the same time relieve upward pressure on prices at home. Details of what the public may be expected to do voluntarily it is assumed toward tightening belts may be revealed in part when the Citizens Food Committee which the President is naming meets at the specified "earliest possible moment." Until those details are available and the word is they L market; the range in prices of certain arti iwill include a mobilization of the resources ; of the government in support the consum-I ing public is asked to start immediately to j "conserve by being more selective in the ( foods we buy," particularly livestock products whose production requires large quantities of grain. For the sake of others we are asked to guard more closely the family budget. As to the new emergency in Europe and it is Of course closely bound to our domestic food problems it may be aired as it should be aired ior full public information when a group of congressional leaders meet with the Chief Executive on Monday. We are told the increasingly serious situation abroad demands something like wartime rationing at home and there. is a hint that if we do not taeet it willingly there may be some j imposed restrictions. The statement comes within two weekof the Secretary of Agriculture's estimate that with ordinary care at home and a limitation on shipments to Europe, our grain supply should be adequate to demands. It is met by a statement of livestock men that if restrictions are placed on meat we can look for a lower output and still higher prices, an assertion which it is to be hoped did not intend the threat which might seem to be implied. In the meantime, what the President asks toward wiser control of the family budget is what increasing members of Americans are now doing. The price level is at a point where resistance is inevitable. It is also at a point where action toward discovering any remedial causes is urgent. Our produce markets lack the controls that govern the stock OTHER FELLOW By AD SCHUSTER WHAT TO DO UNTIL THE DOCTOR COMES cles in various cities suggests an inquiry; in instance we are holding up prices while the urge is to bring them down, and the disposition of each factor in the general practice of upping costs to make the most at the moment is dangerous. Trie public can and will help but cannot feel that its contribution is the only one needed. THE 'HABIT' OF WAR In an article in "The Rotarian," Trygve Lie, secretary general of the United Nations discusses international difficulties, ascribes them to a "habit" which should be shaken off and then encounters the old stumbling bl6ck: how can we induce others to follow our worthy example? "We should be honest." "We should make it illegal" and "we should, all of us everywhere, demand peace." Familiar statements and fine objectives but the "should," in this stage of our development, always meets the "how." There is much in which Mr. Lie says: "Our difficulty arises partly at least from habit. We of my generation have known two global wars; the world has been at war for about one-third of our adult lives. Consequently, we can be excused if we have come to accept war as something that DOES happen. Yet I do not think we can continue to be excused if we refuse to shake ourselves out of this pernicious habit of thought and if we do not beat kito the collective brains of humanity the realization that war DOES NOT have to happen again. "Unfortunately, simply stating this problem dogs not solve it. The trouble is that you cannot; persuade people that there is going to be permanent peace so long as nations continue to prepare for an unnecessarily inevitable war. Paying lip service to the ideal of peace, on the one hand, and piling up armaments, on the other, simply does not make sense. But you cannot expect the leading nations of the world to cease preparing for war unless it is done on a collective basis, honestly, unqualifiedly, wholeheartedly, and with no suspicion of cheating on the part of anybody." MUCH TO OFFER f .When nature, war service or mishap maim, the disabilities they bring often do not weigh as heavy as does society's failure to use the victim's unimpaired talents. Those who have studied them carefully tell us that the physically handicapped have much to offer if given a chance. They' have SOME REVISIONS We don't know how to dope it but a lot of things could be When the Bears start in to mucin' with ol Uncle Sam's Na-vee; We hope to 'commodate 'em and to leave them feelin" fine, When the stress is on the puntin' and the hope is in the line. TO THE BEARS Stick close to interference till an opening you see And you may win a contest from the proud Na-vee. And,' as for this Navy -California game, Berkeley is turning itself inside out tonight to fill the pre-contest hours with parade, cheering, bonfires and oratory. If the first three do not scare the visiting warriors, the last might i And we'd like to remind the sail- j ors that it is against regulations to swab the decks with bearskin. On the other hand, a good tackle failing, the Bears might attempt to "pipe the man down." 1 i Seriously, the game is going to' be a fine thing Jor human relations, that is, the human relations of those players who could get tickets. Our prediction is there is a storm brewing, with a lot ofwhitecaps in the stadium. The little old lady in our neighborhood says that in the good old days before we knew about the stratosphere, prices were not so high. In our broad land There're still a few Who prefer logic To the "boo." Overheard: "I tried a balanced diet and it unbalanced my budget" When 13 sit down to EAT at a table now, it is lucky for all concerned. They thought they were wearing slacks And they were funny sights; You couldn't call them slacks, my dear, You had to call them tights. GARDEN NOTES It was the gopher who first discovered that a straight line is the shortest distance between two points shown us that workers with bodily disabilities are in general more efficient, less addicted to absenteeism, have fewer job turnovers,-are less accident-prone, and exhibit a closer application to their jobs than the average worker. Special vehicles, remarkable developments in artificial limbs, and increased educational facilities have spurred progress in fitting these for useful employment. Perhaps the biggest task still remaining is to make widely known the real contribution the handicapped can make in our business and industrial life. This is where National Employ the Physically j fr the houaiBIi Handicapped Week, now proclaimed by Governor Warren, comes in. This period, to be observed throughout the country from Oeto-ber 5 to October 11, appeals not to compassion and sympathies, but to thoughts of production schedules met and personnel gaps filled. Eager and available talents ask only a chance to display their worth. WHEAT IN POLITICS By William McGaffin THE WORLD ABROAD Grim Pressure Drama Enacted in Greece By SUMNER WELLES Former Under Secretary of State ATHENS, Greece The struggle in persons, chiefly intellectual!, 'oners'' all roaming freely at large Chicago Dally News Foreign Service PARIS, Sept 26. Russia has a wheat crop this year, for the drought that hit Western Europe only extended as far east as Czechoslovakia. Russia is even exporting wheat. It has already sent 200.000 tons of grain to Czechoslovakia in exchange for tools. It likes to use its wheat to obtain machinery. Russia also likes to use it to further political ends, however. For that reason it is doubtful if the Czechs will get the 100.000 additional tons they wart. It is also doubtful if France, which is trying to buy 1,500,000 tons of Russian wheat this year, will get it. England interests Russia more than ' either Czechoslovakia or France right now. This enlightening information 1 have just obtained from an agricultural attache of one of the countries on the Soviet frontier which maintains close relations with Russia. My informant reasons that Britain may get Russia's wheat instead of France, because the Soviets have more chance of getting machinery in return, from Britain. AS A WEDGE Close observers of the international picture, however, might add two reasons he failed to mention: The Russians may hope to break up the ?close Anglo-American foreign affairs partnership. The Russians may feel that unsettled, conditions and discontent in France w-ill do enough for communism without buying friendship with grain. The J5ussians are known to have sent gtj&in abroad for political purposes tefbre. There was the gift to France a year ago at a time when Russian people couldn't get enhffgh to eat themselves, for example This yjar, however, my informant says, the Russian crop is good enough o that "they are considering de-ritioning bread in Russia." The Soviet government has been trying tS deration bread ever since the war tended but one thing and another has interfered. When ;I told my informant that "some people in Washington cannot understand why the drought that affected practically all Europe did not hit Russia," his reply was:y "They forget that Russia is a very is . Dig country, sumcienuy removed iU ijtjju Tf4 v,.,A a ! rrtiinHpH nn in .TuIv'r mass arrpsts 1 'vctnr ahnnt Communists. U1C XiCdL L w ecu nuici ltl . ... - t r 1 ' i TP . , And the highway contractor gOt:and the Soviet Union olavs itself lordered by Gen- Napoleon Zervas, actually run by a Communist sKeie- urore proper so xnai u is ;i not necrR&riiv tnurhM nv th samp out differently in different lives. . , . . j and. civic dutieS. The 117 federal condition. A year ago. for ex- One of the strangest dramas of s,r.c..j r.T,.,?B4 iwct troooers have little real control. ; ample, there was a drought in the his detour idea from the mole A slug might have been a snail This is the season of the year when Roily Langley's greenth umbers plant bulbs upside down and write indignant letters to the nurserymen. In the language of Gertrude Stein, a weed is a weed is a weed. influence is going on in the family of the leading Greek eye surgeon. were struggling white collar people: HUE AND CRY lawyers, doctors, clerks and Repub- WiU this gifted doctor and hisjlican civil servants. The excuse f or 1 (icularly glad when tne government iDasf"uamr;o scholarly son place their sympathies,; the arrests was a purported plot to Sports Republican physicians. ! T.Mon V 2 and allegiances with America's free: seize Athens by arms. No details ofiTv.c. ahmc . f v.!;.. ?jine allegiances with America's free ; seize Athens by enterprise and democracy, or with i the "plot" ever were published collectivism ana communism as ( Ajd TO COMMUNISTS representee: By Russia ana the ureek Communist party? Until recently there would have been no need to ask this question. f or ur. vassneos uimitzianos. a PILOTS NEEDED A four-engined plane makes a transatlantic flight without a pilot at the controls and immediately the thought is of advancement in aviation and of military applications. The zone of human error has been narrowed again with the perfection of another remarkable mechanism. Plans and programs gain added dependability as ingenuity lends re-finerrlent to the machine. On a second look comes a recognition of another successful assault on barriers of climate and space, carrying, with it implications of global community still further consolidated. World pathways are widened and passage made more sure, and cheers for scientific progress give way in turn to sober thoughts of men and nations pushed closer together and of the impact of conflicting aims and aspirations which relentlessly cry for adjustment and reconciliation. A pilot-less plane shows the United Nations they cannot permit a pilotless world. It is the neutron entering the nuclear center of the atom that causes the atomic bomb to explode somewhat like a lone inlaw mingling at a family reunion. WILD IDEALS Give me beautiful words from the language, And silence the ones that are vile: Oive me speech that is thoughtful , leanings, had sent his boy to Athens and sober, j College, an American preparatory Forget the reverse is in style. ! school there, to learn American Give me truth and a purpose that's ways. He was delighted this spring nonest, when 17-vear-olrt Haralambos wnn a fellowship to Bowdoin College, in Maine. To the Greek Communist party Ukraine but it did not spread over thp rpsf it Furnnp The Communists are always par-; ..RuM, BOt rain jn tiL. thi. be spared the repe- riroiicHf that hit hi These doctors care not only for the;Ukrain Lst year .. he added: deportees, but give special attention fAi rrfatv to the native islanders, who other-; s" ptEAN S BREAD wise never get such talented treat- Besides summer rain the Russian these arrests were a godsend. -Evert merit. For these Communist-run crop w$sf further aided by hea-f: since the days of the Metaxas-King George dictatorship, the barren nepuDiican wnn moderate leitisi i j tiraria r .mnnc i who are their unwillinc hosts u va - u , iivu 1 af iitiive nj iu v 1 a Away with deception and lies: Give me interest in life's many problems, Resources that gather allies. Give me the hope that the future is brighter Than many dark days that were wrong; Give me faith that is built on foundations Of character fearless and strong. a5' St"mg.?"lan5?8. 10 ; huge arrests, the Communists had has also gone on an educational trip, but with no joy attached. He is on the island of Ikaria, a deportee of the Greek royalist government. UNDER PRESSURE academies it. is important to win:?nws- There was snow on tha and keep the sympathies of the ground march when 1 was ir simple fishermen and shepherds Moscow; Tst March ior the Big' Four coniereftcj. I remember the Rus- have been Marxist academies where ! When the government carried out k ,ns, wnnm 1 talKea were Communists industriously converted its July roundup, the deportees were : dellghterfffc"c.use the? said "snow indignant liberals into card-carrying taken in leaky boats to Psittaleia means bread. ' party members. I near Athens, then to Ikaria where! Just hof larEP the Russian gram When the U.S., lavish with money they were cast on the shore without ; crop 13 undoubtedly will remain a in Greece but timorous about inter- food 01 rare Th wPl1-nreani7H . closely guarded "military secret vention, did nothing to reverse these Communists immediately took hoM,iunIes? aMd until the Russians choosa gave them food and medical atten-! 10 vuige,lt. economic information tion, and dispersed them among the ; Ji not S'Ven . freely in the USSR, shelters of the island. Thus, conver-! Tne suspicious Russians are afraid their perfect setup to open school again. Conversion is nowhere easier than in an atmosphere of anger and desperation at unjust arrest. The royalist roundup was further helpful to the Communists, because While his son is getting Yankee j their white-collar elite has been education and learning the ways of j slipping away. The evident collabor sion-in-distress loses no time. Soon the public hue and cry compelled the government to improve conditions. Having been helped by their "canitahst enemies" will use the inforrr-ation against them. Also, they are shrewd bargainers, and figure they can get a better price the Communists in need, Repub-;I0r grain' jj the world doesn t know licans like Dr. Dimitzianos. even n0V much tney ve got available. Saul Among Prophets - - By RaymoKd Molty King Saul, after many troubles, decided, as far as prophets were concerned, that there was safety in numbers. And so he prophesied among the prophets. It is hardly necessary to add that his decisions did not save him from a sad fate. But that. need suggest no modern parallel. Not long after President Truman entered the White House, he vigorously endorsed the Murray Full Employment bilL That bill, it will be recalled, provided that each year the President should present a picture ot business conditions, as well as a prophecy extending eighteen months ahead. It also obligated the government to meet all deficits in employment at public expense. When the bill was finally passed, in 1948, it was shorn of everything except the prophecy department That function is carried on by the President's Council of Economic Advisers, which has an excellent chairman and which has regularly Issued reports. It is to the credit of the Council that it has been fairly conservative 'in the realm of prophecy. But, like Saul, the President is not dependent solely upon bis Council for prophetic advisers. There is also a Joint Committee on the Economic Report, set up by Congress to check over and com- pete with the President's Council The Department of Agriculture has many agencies peering into the future, among which is the Bureau of Agricultural Economics, which deals in long-range forecasts. The Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Employment Service, too; are in the forecasting business. And the Department of Comemrce is also well equipped with official predictors. Despite the President's wealth of assistance, budget predictions have not been wholly fortunate. For the budget year 1948-47, the Federal income was estimated at $32,000,-000,000 and turned out to be about $42,000,000,000. Since early spring, the chairman of the President's Council has said various things about talking prices down. But this technique fails to work. John L, Lewis, whose views of the future are revealed to no man and who greatly believes in the present, spoiled all calculations by boosting his miners wages.. And then, despite predictions to the contrary, prices of coal, steel, automobiles and almost everything else went up. The food situation was undoubtedly aggravated by some pessimistic utterances by the Emergency Food Control Board and the FJV.O. - We are far from decrvinr human efforts to stabilize things by prudent foresight. But it may he tug. in the Aegean Islands. jmunists to explain. They needed a He is hearing from Communists j change of political front as a diver- Giv me richness of .cnirit rm passion, j democracy, the father is undergoing iation between the Communist guer-i though revolted by Red policy in! 1 a?ked a British official, who is Brush away foggy glimmers of ,all the pressure for conversion to 'rillas in the mountains and the Slav northern Greece, today refused to a friend .-of-rmne, if he thought his doubt; communism afforded by the well-! powers who covet Greek territory j condemn the Communists. j country wuld re-open trade negoti- Give me patience to wait for fulfill-' organized Greek Communist party; has been too tough for the Com ment When peace talks are more than a bout. Give me trust that the day is yet coming When kindness spreads warmth like a shawl; When we truly are brothers and sisters, And justice means justice for all. M. L. CHURCH. POETIC THEMES I would never have believed Had I not myself received A letter from -a man who grieved "Because," he wrote, "confusion reigns In all our poetry domains! Briefly, to repeat his claim: He insists it is a shame That men should seek poetic fame Without referring to the moon. And how it feels to neck and spoon! gested, in view of all we are spend ing on prophecy, that a few im-! provements are in order. In the first place, the Federal Government might seek the development of new tools of observation. Duplications and contradictions among present agencies should be reduced. Second, greater modesty and conservatism might be observed by expert forecasters. The nation needs fact finders, but should not expect soothsayers. Finally, -the Government should strictly abstain from efforts to influence the economic weather by mere talk. Such talk from eminent official authorities is likely either to overdo its purpose or to have no effect at all. President Roosevelt's unfortunate attack on copper prices in 1937 is still fresh in memory. The many occasions when the OPA started stampedes by premature announcements of price fixing can still be recalled. The wise American businessman pays for many forecasts, but he seems to make his decisions himself. He has learned that his experts agree only about the past But when a government agency speaks, the average American is likely to be unduly influenced. He doesn't realize that the government speaks with many voices and that those voices may not be speaking a common language. are getting their How the flowers along, How the birds transmit song, Or how the weather is weak or strong, "Which other things can stir good tunes?" This writer asks, and nearly swoons! You can fairly feel him cry As he states with sob and sigh That poets never should deny. To birds and flowers and lovers dreams Exclusive rights to serve as themes! ADRIAN WALDO SASHA that the reason he was arrested without warrant and deported without trial is because "reactionary America" supports the royalist government. The surgeon is one of about 8000 fion, and the Rightist Zervas pro vided it. Ikaria's deportees. The island. crowded with about 11,000 "pris- Only a dozen or so voune Greeks ; ations to get rain from Russia. He like Haralambos can win fellowships i sa,(l ne thought there was a pos-to the United States. sibility. But the Greek Government plays' Jt will' be recalled that the thing public bursar to the Red academies . that held p past negotiations was Today Dr. Dimitziano has been . in the islands, where food is cheap, i the Russian refusal to meet British put to work caring for the eyes of ! life is simple, and everybody studies ! conditions for repaying the $400 minion loan made to Russia during the war. The Brjflsh said they originally sought grafh in Russia to get relief from the ,fenormous prices' being quoted on the Chicago exchange. Caprrlyht. 94, Cbt-r Dl!r Newt, Ine. one subject Stalinist communism. Cpyrftat, M", Chlrf TIIt Kcwi, lne. LETTERS TO THE FORUM SKIRT REBEL ! Editor: I am appealing to the j women who have some style sense j about them, to rebel openly at the ; unwanted style of long skirts again for -we American free-thinking! women. Why should we as independent women voters and equals to the American male, be forced to adopt a style of dress that is an insult to American wosnanhood? In modern times such as these, why should we be forced back into the styles of the 1900 era? We have too much to lose, so why take it lying down? Letters should In addressed to Tbt forum. Tbt $ditor of Tht Tribunt discUtms rtsponstbility for optmons nd statements expressed n Utters. Contributions should be accompanied by the name and address of tie writer, which. f desired, wtll be withheld. Preference will be given to those who are willing to have their names used. CLERKS AND WAGES ; OCTOBER r t i T ing been raised to hard work on a! r8re as dy m October, ranch I have always been proud to iS'fT' Pw 75L count myself an average little guyjT Hve sends skies less sober, ,m 4 i v ,1 ui And a glorious warmth from the sun's fall rays. SMALL FRY Three-year-old Marcia had been taught two prayers one for the table and one for bedtime. At breakfast her parents were surprised when she bowed her head and started: "Now I lay me down to sleep." Suddenly she stopped, looked up, and said: "Sorry, Lord, wrong number." -Magazine Digest AMBITIOUS As soon as the average youth decides he Is qualified to read a woman like a book he wants to collect a library. Atchison (Kan.) Globe. These styles were never made for our mad-cap 1947 Miss and Mrs. America, who daily dash for busses and trains and gingerly nip on with the freedom and ease of a female deer. Just try doing this with a long binding skirt and a girdle that is a far cry from being called comfort able. Let us all assert' ourselves to beat this unwanted style. If we could stampede and obtain the American suffrage bill to be passed, we should still be strong enough in our concentrated efforts to obtain the styles of today, to fit the needs of able to see and share the problems j' nf th linrfprrfnp Rut ac a rfmcriric for 50 years I have not known "a j Whether wa look or whether we drug clerk, not a manager, to get listen ' . over $50 a week except for a short i We hear Jhe leaves rustle or see time in war emergencies. At onei them gjisten, i i TPxrerv fraa e yr Vitrei inn. an appropriation from the Park De- n?ur- averagea w a weex " nartrnntr hurfpet The nonular sub- but at last we have them down. mnt - - partments Duaget. ine popular sud-; T t ,nn rH a ,nMen scription netted $16,000. The total I t""""" lu""UUI"1. J wracking, responsible jobs in the And glittering and blowing about in world for men. not boys or girls, ' delight jwho have usually spent thousands Flaunts to the world Indian Summer of dollars, three to four years in ! hours. . college and besides other years of Now is the risrvest time of the year hard study to be able to earn the And whatever in field or forest" has seemed id stop, cost of construction was approxi mately $72,000. The lights were dis- tu. j ; ..... . 1 , v.iwuvv" jiiic ucsigiitis ju.n mu2i nave i un pjaVal DictriCt out of ideas to try to force us to! Board o Park Directors has adopt a fashion trend that wasij t t d th superintendent of fashionable when women were con- . . ..v,.,v;i n-v, tent to stay at home and bake bread. ! caUons to do tfiS j50 a wek of 54 hou" work are being prepared by an electrical engineer and it is expected that bids will be taken within the very near future. The plan is to rehabilitate the ornamental lights around the lake but not to reinstall the necklace of lights. WM. PENN MOTT JR. Superintendent of Parks DOG WEEK PLEA Editor: This is Nationrl Dog Week! We who have them, plead that a better deal, a really square deal be today. Freedom of movement and'gjVen them! We stress dogs because mat long-enviea casuainess oi me this week i3 for them but we do American women, that is known the ! Diead for mercy and justice for alLi . 1 J ..... r -'- .M,4V. ! r . . . , ; : world over. Let's band together and oppose this out-dated movement for a longer skirt in an age when it not only would be tiresome but downright confining. MRS. ROBERT A DELANO. Oakland. animals and we who are anti-vivi sectionists, plead also for compassion in?his cause. ... If we make all days good days for dogs, as well as men, we will soon have the kind of world for which we so long. Considerate care. comDassion and LIGHTS AND THE LAKE ius treatment should be aiven dozs Editor: The ornamental lamp j every day. They have earned it! ... . posts were erected with money b-t MRS. RALPH HANVELLE. tained by populasubaeription and Oakland. Does it really seem right folks for young or old people, without any kind of certificate and many with little practical experience to demand $60 for a week when that extra sal ary must come out of your pocket and mine when food prices are al ready the highest since perhaps the gold rush days, when we wonder how the large, poor families get enough food to maintain good health. With general food market prices where they are we doubt if any large grocery, chain or inde- fpendent, is actually making any money. Most stores allow their clerks a discount on the goods they buy and take home for their own use; I assume it is the same in grocery stores. Those who have known me through the years can verify the fact I have always advocated and paid the highest salaries the business would stand. I still contend clerks should share in the profits of their hard labors given conscientiously to any business but we the people deserve some consideration. E. J. LAWLESS. Comes mellowing into ripened sphere, In every form of kincNature's crop. Now is the world so. full of beauty that joy fills It " Now we are happy because God wills it. f No matter h5w hard the path we have led. 'Tis enough lor us now that hope's not desd- We sit in th4 warm air and watcn the bright haze. How the sun" creeps up and winter delays. ' " i We may shut our eyes Dut we cannot help knowing That October, is here and its blessings bestowing. CLARA AINSWORTH BABBLE ABOUT A FIRE Summer was here a while ago And with prismatic torch Set flame a slow of scattered sunlight; Now like a raj-dell in rent disguise. She vainly buffets the flame and cries. v' -QLGA WAKLETEf. i.jn,eti.aA ftm,wi i.V.i8l.uS K It

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