The St. Louis Star and Times from St. Louis, Missouri on May 2, 1942 · Page 1
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The St. Louis Star and Times from St. Louis, Missouri · Page 1

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St. Louis, Missouri
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Saturday, May 2, 1942
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f iMore Drastic Anti-Inflation Steps Are Coming See Clapper, Page 8 Lay s STAR TIM Late -mmmmmmmmmmmmmsM Home Edit ion Vol. 56 No. 182 St. Louis, Saturday Evening, May 2, 1942- 14 Pages Price Three Cent IN CREATE SI. tOW 1 o IATI UVJ sift Ancient Oty Of Msradalay Falls To Japanese Allies Try To Get Out Of Trap India's Invasion Peril Increased By Reverses In Burma Map on Page 2. BY JOHN R. MORRIS. NEW DELHI, INDIA, May 2. CI. P.) Strong Japanese mobile columns, led by airplanes, drove the weary Allied defenders of Burma back from battle positions at the ancient city of Mandalay today and raised a new threat of enemy thrusts across the frontiers of India and southern China. Although the Burma communique did not" specifically acknowledge fall of Mandalay. last stronghold of Burmese kings, the Japanese claim thai the city had been captured was admitted indirectly by statements that it had been put in a hopeless defensive position. British forces still were fighting at Monywa. thirty miles to the northwest, however, and in the Mandalay sector they destroyed road and railroad bridges over the Myitnge River, including the famous Ava bridge, as they withdrew. Try To Avoid Trap. The swiftness of the Jap stabs into the Mandalay and Monywa sectors Indicated the British on the central and western (Irrawaddy) Burma defenders by heavy rains that would restrict military operations had not arrived and there was increasing speculation that the Japs might soon turn toward the Indian border if weather conditions permit. Japan's break-through on the Burma front was the result of a series of alternate blows at the west and east flanks of the Allied line, climaxed by a drive into lashio and thence toward the Chinese border. The Allied flanks had been forced to swing back repeatedly to avoid encirclement, such as was attempted by an enemy drive into the British sector at Monywa late this week. New Retreat Necessary. Now the forces under Gen. Harold Alexander and Lieut. Gen. Joseph W. Stillwell seem to have no choice but to fall back to the north. This retirement probably will follow the general northward line of the Irrawaddy River and of the narrow gauge railroad to Myitkyina, in the direction of the Chinese border. Japanese forces, meanwhile, were attempting to break through on the youth (in the Mandalay area) and to close in from both the cast La&hig) and the west (Monywa) J links to trap the Allied armies. The British destruction of bridges in the Mandalay area indicated the imminence of attacks from that direction. Slaps Chinese Instead Of Jap; Gets 6 Months NEW ORLEANS, May 2. (U. P.) Charles Dent, 42-year-old seaman, today .. had six months in which to learn the difference between Chinese and Japanese. At the end of that time he will be freed from jail. He was sentenced for hitting Chin Wun, .40, with a chair leg. The attack occurred In a Chinese restaurant. Dent pleaded guilty but offered the plea that he thought Wun was a Japanese. "Slap all the Japs you want," said Judge Fred Oser, "but don't harm the Chinese; they are our allies xn this war. Six months." Escaped Nazi Is Captured In Texas Hotel DETROIT, May 2. (XJ. P.) Peter Krug, Nazi aviator who escaped from a Canadian prison camp and entered the United States two weeks ago by rowing across the Detroit River in a small boat, has been captured at San Antonio, Tex., FBI Chief John S. Bugas disclosed today. Bugas said Krug was seized last night in a San Antonio hotel room where he had registered earlier yesterday. A pistol he obtained in San Antonio lay beneath hat on, the dresser but he offered no resistance. Bugas said Krug admitted his iden tity after three hours of questioning. Bugas said papers in Krug's possessions indicated that since leaving Detroit April 19 he had gone by bus to Chicago, then to the . east coast and finally to Texas. He was said to be en route to Mexico, from where he hoped to reach South America, then return to Germany. City Tennis Courts Open In a Week ; , All city tennis courts will be opened for play next Saturday, Palmer B. Ba'umes, commissioner of parks and recreation for the city, announced today. At Tower Grove Park, the season got under way earlier, with the western courts open today. Season permits for 2 can be obtained at the courts, the field house in Forest Park and at room 330, Municipal Courts Building, Fifteenth and Market streets. V. S. Launches 2 Destroyers. CHARLESTON. S. C. May 2. U. P.) Two more warcraft for this nation's fight against the Axis the destroyers Pringle and Stanly :id down the ways today in a twin launching at the Charleston Navy Yard. . . The Weather Forecast for St. Louis: Not much change this afternoon and tonight. For Missouri : Somewhat cooler in southeast and extreme east central portions; slightly warmer in extreme west portion this afternoon and to-isicht. For Illinois: Cooler this afternoon. except not much change in tempera ture along the Mississippi River in northwest portion; cooler in south and extreme east portion. Continued rather cool in northwest and north central portions tonight. TEMPERATURE READINGS Midnight . 1 a. m ... 2 a. m.... 3 a. m.... 4 a. m.. . . 5 a. m 65 6 a. m 64 1 a, m 64 .45 .67 .66 .66 .65 Continued Warm 8 a. m 67 9 a. m 70 10 a. m 73 Relative Humidity. 1 a. m 64 Stage of the Mississippi at St. Louis. 10.2 feet, no change; of the Missouri at St. Charles, 15.2 feet, a rife of 2 of a foot. Sun sets 7:54 p. m. today, rises 6 a. m. tomorrow. Maximum temperature year ago today, 83; minimum, 63. Maximum temperature yesterday, 82 at 5:15 p. m.; the minimum, 63 at 11:59 p. m. There will be a full moon tonight. Kanptird b? I nitrd States Weather Bareaa. Iscalrd In the Federal Bailding. TREE POLLEN COUNT: 13S oak. 1J Hckory and 44 tree of heaven pollen ram per ruble yard of air for twenty-four houri ending at 8 a. m. lodaj. 379 More Rounded Up In City Traffic Drive New traffic violation cases totaled 379 yesterday, the twentieth day of the current safety drive, bringing to 6,333 the nuuiber of cases established since the drive opened on April 12. To date 1,182 alleged speeders were nabbed, 1,132 other motorists were arrested on major traffic charges and 4,019 summonses for minor violations were issued. Speeders arrested yesterday numbered sixty-three, the highest since April 18, when seventy were caught. Enemy Planes Over Australia Hint Invasion MacArthur Stresses : Importance Of 'Jap Air Visit; U. S. Bombs New Britain GEN. MacARTHTJR'S HEADQUARTERS, AUSTRALIA. May 2. (U. P.) Two unidentified war-planes, obviously Japanese, have flown over the vulnerable northeast coast of Australia, indicating Japan soon may strike at the continent. Gen. Douglas MacArthur revealed today. - , MacArthur announced the planes had flown over Townsville and attempts , to Intercept them had failed. It was the first time enemy planes had been definitely reported over the populated area. The importance MacArthur attached to the visit of the planes was emphasized by the fact that he made It the occasion of his first special communique. U. S. Bombs Japs. Townsville Is ; on the east coast railroad - highway communication line, 700 miles - north of Brisbane and 1,200 miles west of Free French New Caledonia where American forces now are based. Sighting of the planes came at a moment when the fierce aerial warfare in the northeastern invasion zone was reaching a new peak, and Allied airmen were convinced the Japs were about to strike at Port Moresby, at the islands leading down toward Hew. Caledonia or at Australia itself v - ; f , , In his regular communique, Mae-Arthur announced American bombing planes i had attacked Jap airdrome installations at Gasmata, on New Britain Island, yesterday on the sixth day of an aerial offensive over a 2,500-mile front. ' Jap Base Damaged. Gasmata, on the south coast of New Britain 275 miles east of Huon Gulf in New Guinea, was the eighth enemy base attacked by the Allied Air Corps since Sunday. It was indicated heavy damage was done to airdrome buildings and it was' believed: grounded planes might have been damaged, to increase an estimated toll of sixty-two enemy planes destroyed,- probably destroyed or damaged in seventy-two hours. f MacArthur said one out of five Jap fighter planes which raided Port Moresby yesterday was shot down by a United States fighter patrol which intercepted and drove them off. - - IPJkame (Crmslfo Wietamms Amall Wreckage v W- I . Ls CJJJ : . C: :. L I , Cant. Don Brown (left), the pilot: Miss Neva Cant well, the stewardess, and Harold Miner, the co-pilot of the passenger plane which crashed near Salt Lake City, Utah. They and fourteen others died. o ; t fx v, S3--- Plane Bprns In Utalh. Hit Peak During Storm; Year-Old Boy a Victim SALT LAKE CITY, May -2, - (U. P.) Seventeen bodies were removed today from the wreckage of a United Air Lines Mainliner which crashed into Ensign Peak, near the Utah State Ct-pital, during a rain and sleet storm. All aboard the plane thirteen adult passengers, a 1-year old boy 'and the crew of three were killed. The plane, piloted by Capt. Don Brown of San Francisco, hit 300 feet ii from the top of the peak as it circled to land at the Salt Lake City air- rui b, kvcu uuica awnjr, uu iub juiu - ney ' from San - Francisco to New York. It smashed Into the north side of the. peak, which. Juts from U-treacherous Wafiftch range where three other airliners have crashed within the last live years. The list of last night's victims follows: -l A tumble of shattered metal bearing no resemblance to an airplane.' This is how the big United Air. Lines mainliner looked after the crash. The photo is poor because of the position of the wreck, bad lighting conditions, and difficulties of transmission. Acme Telephotos to the Star-Times.) T Pvt. Robert P. Barrett, a St. . Louisan homeward bound on leave, who was killed in the plane crash. He was the son of Mrs. Catherine Curran, 1401 Rowan street. " Court Asher's X-Ray Denied Use Of Maik WASHINGTON, May 2.(U. P.) Use of the mails was denied today to the weekly newspaper X-Ray, al leged to be seditious. It is published by Court Asher at Muncie, Ind. Officials of the publication, third to be banned in the drive against what Attorney General Francis Biddle calls "dlrtv little sheets.1 were notified to appear here Ma 19 to show cause why its second class mailing privilege should not be revoked permanently. Action previously had been taken against Social Justice, founded by the Rev. Charles E. Coughlin, and the Philadelphia Herold, printed in German and English. One U. S. Destroyer Attacks Big Jap Fleet And Escapes BY MERRILL MUELLER. SOMEWHERE IN AUSTRALIA, May 2. (I. N. S.) Directing a single American destroyer through a Jap cruiser squadron and destroyer flotilla unscathed is no mean feat in itself, but to accomplish it and get the Nipponese ships battling each other in confusion to boot well, to a United States navy man that sounds like the fine hand of "Georgia ' Jock" Cooper. "Georgia Jock" is relly Lieut. Com. Jack Cooper, a soft-spoken gent who snaps his orders without losing his southern drawl. ' Cooper's ship, a veteran of the United States Asiatic Squadron, was trapped along with other ships by the superior enemy fleet off Bali at the close of the Java campaign. The United Nations naval units had been dispersed and ordered to make for Australia, so Cooper's ship parted company with H. M. A. S. Perth, the U. S. S. Houston and the Dutch destroyer Evertsen. Cooper's vessel entered the Bali Straits near midnight. Then the lookout telephoned from the bridge and reported: There are enemy vessels on the port and starboard bow, sir." "Georgia Jock's" boat went among what he believed to be a mixed squadron of light and heavy cruisers so quickly that he had no choice but to drive straight ahead, ' firing torpedoes into port and starboard sides as they passed. " Almost immediate explosions told them they had scored hits, certainly damaging two and possibly three cruisers, if more than One torpedo struck any of the lighter ships, the Japanese might have lost one vessel. The American destroyer quickly disappeared In the enveloping darkness and mist just aa the Jap cruisers opened fire in her direction and. Incidentally, at one another. Suddenly, off in the distance, a signal lamp started working toward the cruisers and the crew on Cooper's ship realized that the Jap cruiser squadron had a flanking destroyer screen which they had yet to run. y But not another vessel was sighted and when morning came, "Georgia Jock's" ship was far to the south, safely en route to Australia. Later, aerial reconnaissance flyers reported a damaged Jap vessel was being escorted around Surabaya. "Jock" made no claim to any suc cesses in the encounter, however A because of the uncertainty of the night action. - ... But the ship's crew maintain they were too close to miss leaving their mark on the enemy, and somewhere at sea today they are still Jubilant over their successful escape. - Hitler Said To Ask More Men Of Duce BY FREDERICK KUII. Correspondent of St. Louis Star-Times and Chicago Sun LONDON, May 2. The two-day meeting between Hitler and Mus solini near Salzburg on Wednesday and Thursday is viewed in govern ment quarters here as final prepa ration of Axis machinery for a vast offensive against Russia. Some officials here still think an Axis. drive against the Middle East will accompany a major assault along a wide front against the Soviet Union. It is reported Hitler demanded more Italian troops for action on the Russian front and insisted that more German troops be sent into Italy. ' . ? , . Mussolini's Troubles. If German reinforcements were to go to Italy they could serve the dual purpose of conducting opera- i tions against the Near East and of stifling what may be a popular uprising against Mussolini. (The United Press in New York, quoting private advices from Eu rope, said Marshal Erwin Rommel, Germany's tank expert, may be withdrawn from Libya to lead the assault on Russia. The dispatch added that Rommel has been in Berlin for the last two weeks, engaged in conferences presaging a major assault against the Russians in the Donets sector). A stream of information reaching Allied and ... neutral governments here reveals a steady ; worsening of the political and economic , situa tion In Italy, though foreign ob servers in Rome are saying that Germany's firm grip rules out any possibility ; of revolt by the Italian army. , : - . The conference at Salzburg was regarded as the third stage in Hitler's preparations for an offensive. The first phase was the return to power in Vichy,, France, of Pierre Laval, new head of the government. The second was the tightening of the reign of terror by Italy and Germany in the occupied countries. Acts Seen as "Warning." Hitler's words and the Reichstag's action Sunday, followed by Turn to AXIS PARLEY . . . Page t Indiana Hates To Send Back Escaped Missouri Convict, Now An -Exemplary Citizen9 After 'pondering the case for months, Gov. Henry F. Schricker of Indiana told the Star -Times today "it seems a shame" to extradite to Missouri a now exemplary citizen of Anderson, Ind., who escaped from the Missouri Penitentiary nearly twenty-two years ago. Missouri's request for extradition of the man Albert H. Matthews, who has assumed the name Frank Murphy was made "because we felt it was not possible to ignore the fact that he had escaped," ' Gov. Forrest C. Donnell said at Jefferson City. ' : Although the fact that Matthews extradition had been requested by Missouri was disclosed only yesterday, Gov. Schricker said the case came to his attention six months ago, and he has conducted an in dependent inquiry. . "Missouri Not Anxious." The Indiana executive said an extradition hearing has been set for late next week, and added: "I don't think your Missouri au thorities really are very anxious to have this man returned, and as a matter of fact I believe they are disposed to let the governor of Indiana have full responsibility." This prompted a reporter to suggest that Gov, Schricker was planning to deny Missouri's request, whereupon Schricker laughed and said: "You may draw your own conclusions." War Work Reveals Escape. Reformed, married and with two adopted children. Murphy has been working in Anderson lor a number of years in a manufacturing plant which has been converted to ,war production. . "He now is a very important cog in that industry," Gov. Schricker said. ; -; -i Murphy's identity was revealed when he . was fingerprinted with other war plant workers by the Federal Bureau of Investigation. That disclosed he had escaped October 30, 1920, after serving two and one-half months of a four-year sentence from Greene County for burglary and larceny. "He now is a high class citizen," said . Schricker, "and it seems a . i . . tki. ajiiuiic iU vem up xiuuic line una. j "I made an investigation of the i facts, and found that during a pe- riod of Intoxication he took a car. then returned it a day or two later. Now .exemplary Citizen. But today a more exemplary citizen could not be found in Anderson He easily could obtain 1,000 rep- utaoie citizens to vouch for him. "After all, we all are human be ings, you know ,and this man un questionably has led an exemplary me. Schricker said that "five or six months ago" he acquainted , Missouri authorities with the facts as he knew them. When this was brought to Gov. Donnell's attention by the Star-Times today. Donnell said: v . i , Donnell Insists on Return. "As I recall it, he Murphy) de sired a pardon or a parole, I believe it was ,a pardon. We felt that be fore passing on such a matter he wonld have to come back, surrender to Missouri authorities and present his application without any promises on the part of the state. "I realize this is a very unfor tunate matter for the individual, but after all he has escaped, he has not returned and we can't consent to establish such a precedent by ignoring the, fact that he had escaped." Donnell said he would act on the case if Murphy is returned to Missouri and makes formal application for a pardon. The State Board of Probation . and Parole will give Murphy a hearing if he requests a pardon and Donnell will be guided by the board's recommendations, the governor said. U., S. War Production Now Equals Britain's , f WASHINGTON, May 2. (U. P.) The United States- now is pro ducing, as much war material as Great Britain a goal not expected until midsummer it was learned today.' ; '.vv'" A British source said close .cooperation between Donald Nelson, director of the War Production Board, and Oliver Lyttelton, British minister of supplies, made the increase possible. - . He revealed large staffs of production . experts are working both here and in London to standardize military equipment. - - i St. Louis Man Killed In Crash Of Airliner Pvt. Robert C. Barrett, 22 years old, son of Mrs. Catherine Barrett Curran of 1401 A Rowan street, was among the victims in the crash of a United Airlines mainliner near Salt Lake City last night. Barrett. " a member of the band of the Thirty-second Infantry Regiment, was on his way home on his first furlough when the accident occurred. He was inducted into the army here about ten months ago and was stationed at Camp San Luis Obispo, Cat. Prior to being inducted he was employed at the Carter Carburetor Corp. He formerly attended St. Barbara's Parochial School and Mc-Bride High School. In addition' to his mother, he is survived by a twin brother, William; two sisters, . Miss Kathleen Barrett and Mrs. Lester Hohmahn, and his stepfather, Ewald Curran. The War PASSENGERS. Burrows, Lieut Commander, J. of the United States navy, Washington, D. C, Cole. C. M., San Francisco, affiliated with International - Business Machines, Inc. - Barrett, R. P soldier, San Luis Obispo, Cal.. whose mother is Mrs. Catherine Curran, 1401 Rowan avenue, St. Louis. Drenk, Charles R, Fruitvale, Cal, en route to Cleveland. Frankenburg. Lieut Herman J, of the United States army, Wichita. Kan. Herg, Armond D , care of Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Kershlnsnik, Julius," Cheyenne, Wyo. - Lloyd Mrs. J. A, and Infant son. J. A. Lloyd, 1 year old, Burlingame. Cal. ; Palermo, Mrs. J, Del Monte, Cal. Patterson, M. L.. New Jersey, connected with the Sperry Gyroscope Co. Shapiro, Pvt. Marvin, Chicago. Tucker, "ieut. Claire C United States Navy, en route to Washing-Turn to PLANE CRASH Page Today By United Press. - AUSTRALIA Japanese planes fly over northeast Australia coast; Allied planes bomb Gasmata; one enemy plane shot down during raid on Port Moresby. BURMA Japs claim capture of Mandalay, which Allies also Indi cate is lost. Most of Burma in Japanese hands but Allied resistance and retirement continues orderly. PHILIPPINES Jap air force In tensifies attacks on Corregidor; enemy drives across southern tip of Mindanao Island, but meets stiff resistance. JAPAN TokJo radio reports Jap anese ship sunk by American sub marine off southwest Japanese coast; Axis j-adio also claims United States submarine sank "Russian" ship in same area. RUSSIA Red army renews strong attacks on north central and1 south central fronts In effort to break through Bryansk-Orel sector. LONDON R. A. F. bombs Ger man destroyer off Norway and re news small coastal raids in French sector Woman Pleaded To Get Seat For Her Son On Plane CHICAGO, May 2. T. N. S. A Chicago mother pleaded successfully with United Airlines executives to sell her a seat on a sold-out plane so her soldier son could fly here from California on his ten-day leave. The mother was Mrs. Sadie Shapiro, wife of Morris Shapiro, president of Morris Fisheries, Inc., of Chicago. The son was Pvt. Marvin Shapiro. 25, who was killed with , sixteen others when the plane crashed at Salt Lake City last night. He was the only son of the Shapiros. The family was expecting to greet him this morning. i Main Local News, Page 3. : Main War News, Page 2. Regular Features: Comics, 13-14 Clapper. 8 Crossword, 13 Deaths, 6 Editorials, 8 Grafton, 8 Markets, 12 8 Movies Amusements, 10-11 Picture Page, T Radio. 13 Serial Story, Sports. 4-5 Want Ads. 9 Women's Page, 9 f

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