The New York Times from New York, New York on March 5, 1893 · Page 4
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The New York Times from New York, New York · Page 4

New York, New York
Issue Date:
Sunday, March 5, 1893
Page 4
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S9.SS DAILY, 1 taa la. wrtbeat laadar .75 DAILY. 1 meat, with Sultr . aCBDATSDITIOMOSLY.lyear S3. WKXaVLT, pec yeaz. 73 et. i six moath. 40 ate. TSK HEW-TOBE. TIMES, TIMES BUILDING, copy mi free. ew-Tork City. NOTICES. - Tbb Times rtttn rejected - serif (a. Tir Tmvi .--ft t . . 4 4 . . J J a , m ifcjr . v un aiurwi ,1, Xurope, postage included, for $1.50 jjr ssowtA. Jtc date printed en tke wrepper of sec paper dene let tke fra tries tkt inscription crjjroa. las euJ ay-iow eju The Times u st 1,269 roWy. er Tairfy.eI Street. THE Dailt Timea ea & tad in Iond f LJBxckaMQS7 Ckurimt Croj, Trnnlgar TWENTT PAQF.3. XKW-TOKX. BUSDAT, KXRCH 5. 1893. X )TaaUr rea report indicate for te-dsf, in tki air, cabfor veataer, Ufa rUf acinU. -. AOUnMpMSlCongTMa,BnAtorCHAKI- Lxs'B ImmigTation bill was an extremely mild measure; ao mild, indeed, tUat it cannot reaeonablj- be objected to by anybody, xcept poeeibly the owners of ateamabipa, vnd alao ao mild that it can bare no per ceptible effect in reducing the rolame of immigration. The teaniahip companies can object to it only upon tbo ftcoro of tho AAit&gtml Itavlanr it itntj nnnn ttiAm tinrji it fte&reelj toereMea their resonsibilitr. If tho list they Are required to prepare are A 1 1 1 1 . ' mi urn mmij vaiaauie, iae preparation wiu iaTolre much labor of a kind, however, that the eomnaniee are much better fitted to perform than the American Consuls, pon whom It h&a been proposed to deToWe it The exoloaiona of illiterates, persons -physically disqualified to earn their own liTinga. unlets they are secured acainst beeomins nublic charses. and mem bers of societies that favor or justify unlawful destruction of life or property all these are clearly proper and necessary. That AnfufMimAfife nf tint I .Tplminn would keen out members of the Mafia. which has made to much trouble in Kew- urieana, as weu as the Anarchists and WifcilUta of Eastern EuroDe. It will eri- dently be difficult to enforce this restriction, but. If it is proved that persona of the prohibited class evade our inspection, there should be some means provided of administering effectual discipline to the steamshiD comoanies that have imDorted them. While the politicians of Kings County are doing their utmost to defeat what is known as the "Consolidation bill." evi- lyn are strongly in favor of the union of taat city with New-York. The motives of tho politicians are obvious, and it is said that tho Kings County Senators are prepared to bargain with those from the counties that have no concern in the con solidation question, to defeat the measure, in return for aid in .defeating the Personal Registration bllL A strong delegation from Brooklyn will Wo front that city to Albany next Wednesday for the purpose of 3 . r - . w 1 . i .1 . aemonnriUDg to tne jegisiature mat iuo politicians and the people are not in accord on this question. It most be remembered that what the bill provides for is not the consolidation of the cities, but the submission of the question of consolidation to a vote of the people. To defeat the bill would be to deny to the people the right to decide the question for themselves, and in opposing it the politicians practically admit that tho people are not with them. Tho bill repealing that paragraph of the MeKinley tariff which imposes a duty of 4 eents a pound on tin after the first day oz next July was not passed Dei ore adjournment, owing to the hostile attitude of tho Republicans in the Senate, although it had been admitted by many advocates of a high tariff that the action suggested ought to bo taken. Everybody knows now that wo produce no tin in this country, and that tho duty would bo simply a tax upon the Buyers oi ine many articles in me manufacture of which this metal is used as a raw material. If tho first session of the new" Congrees shall not begin until September, this tax will bo collected for at sews two uvuuu n wuiuioa suvut 46,000,000 pounds of tin per annum. . Tho action of the fit, George's Society of Toronto in tho ease of Mr. Goldwix Smith has some polities! significance. It was pro posed by tho hotter-headed members of the society to expel Mr. Smith for ths " treason to bis sovereign, to England, and to Canada" involved in advocating annexation. Milder counsels prevailed, but ths resolution unanimously adopted, though eosehed in mors moderate and dignified tenns comes to muB the asms thing, it sxpreeees " strong disapprobation " of ths movement, and "extreme regret that any member of the soeisty should be concerned in' it, It is to be bono in mind, how-svsr, that St. George's societies are svsry-whers associations not msrsly of men of British descent, box tor ths most part of British subjects trhoj hava no tntantl on c changing their failtginnoe. A movement for annexation mlgjit bo extremely popu4 lar in Canada wjjthout enlisting any members of St George's Societies. Ws have evidence that there Is f considerable feeling; in Ontario in faforjof such a movement bat it is not to be supposed that a majority of the Provinoe, or! anything like it, are annexationists at present Until they become so, ;if they ever do, our proper policy is to ignore ths subject altogether, and leave it to those most intimately concerned. I , I , THE SJMTYloi STATESMANSHIP. No publio document hss appeared in this country for many a year so absolutely pervaded with tho sanity of statesmanship, so free from the taint of partisan politics, so far above the infected atmosphere of demagogy, as , the address which Mr. Cleveland delivered to his fellow-countrymen yesterday from the eastern portico of the' Capitol at Washington on taking the oath of office ior the second time as President of the United States. Mr. Cleveland may not be profoundly versed in the lore of political history or the conditions of human government He may not be a learned expositor of institutions or a brilliant defender of principles, but he has an absolutely sound conception of the functions of the Government of these United States and Of the principles upon which iia administration must be conducted if ita popular character is to be maintained. He has the unerring instinct of a clear common sense: as to the policy that must be maintained to guard our great heritage of popular institutions from the insidious Influences that tend to undermine it Like the first President of the Republic, he. lacks the dne-sidedness of genius and possesses the clearness of vision, the soundness of judgment and the invaria-blenessof courage that constitute far safer tokens of statesmanship in the practical guidance of affairs.! The pervading quality of the inaugural address is this" calm sanity that pierces through all the confusion and mist that are raised by oonfHct oi opinion and of passion. There is not a suggestion in it of that party spirit against which the first President so solemnly warned his countrymen in his farewell address. Mr. Cleveland points out the dangers that come from relying too confidently upon our national strength and resources.! He plainly declares the fundamental truth that " nothing is more vital to our supremacy as a Nation and to the beneficent purposes of our Government than a sound and stable currency," and reminds us that' our confidence and faith will not "permit us to defy with impunity the inexorable laws of finance and trade.'' Without referring to questionsof si Ivor or of gold, of Government notes or of bank circulation, these lucid words bring the mind back to the plain principles that must underlie all monetary devices. ir j ; So in ths references of the: address to the tariff, to the revenues and expenditures of the Government there is no discussion, no argumentation, but some clear touches upon the vital principles that all sane minds must recognize and that plain common sense cannot fail to accept Government taxes should be for the support of the Government's proper functions- on a basis of rational economy, not for tbe profit or advantage of private interest! This is fundamental and intelligible to all men. The statement that " while the; people should patriotically and cheerfully support their Government, its functions-do not include the support of Hhe people," condenses into a luminous aphorism the whole controversy of tariff for revenue and tariff for protection, and presents the 'sound side of it in a sentence. The same kind of clear-out statement of general principles appears in tho brief phrases that refer to publio economy, to pension extravagance, to civil service reform, and to industrial combinations.; There is the calm and lucid statetnent of i incontrovertible principle that convinces without argument and impresses without eloquence.; It is statesmanship of the most solid kind, for it is within the grasp of the minds that rule in this country, l and is calculated to bring them to a clear conception of the conditions of safe government jit contains the note of sanity that is calculated to recall the popular reason to its "normal action and dispel the delusions and sophistications with which it has been clouded. MIL CLEVEtASD JXDIII8 PARTY. No one can read the clear and strong words of Mr. jpLJCVELAXDVaddress of yesterday without feeling that he has a very distinct idea of the duty of his party as well as of his own. and a ;very firm purpose to hold his party to its duty as well as to perform.1: his own. It is well worth remembering,' however, that, powerful as is Mr. Clkvkuxd'h personality and efficient . as his leadership has been, the remarkable career that he has already had, and that to which he is now called under such unusual conditions, would have been closed to him jihad h not found adequate support among the voters. Tnis is the more; significant because the high position he now; holds in thej publio life of the American Union has been conferred on him with the utmost deliberation, and after; his character and his purposes and even his definite policy were thoroughly known to the'oountry. It may be said that in lfefc-1 his elpction was due to a peculiar combination 'pf circumstances, and especially to the'; fatuous choice by the Republicans of j! a candidate who was sure to be rejected by i very large and influential class of those who had previously acted with that party. But there was no such fortuitous element in the election of last year. The issues presented to the people wsrs very;! distinct and Ithe choice was mads impartially and intelligently. It showed so plainly thst no one could misunderstand it : exactly thai purpose of ths voters who determined the result Mr. Cleveland wss in November, 1692, what he had been known to be for years, and he was mads President because of that knowledge. Ths people got exactly what they wished, and knew exactly what they wars getting. j; I j j Tho fact is Ono of groat signlnosaoo, and ono that it is esijr lo overlook. : We, certainly, bare' no i eiiro to underestimate Mr. Cleveland's ?rsousl strength or his extraordinary me lis. On the contrary, the greatness of t hose merits snd the extent of thst stret gth sre the measure of the soundness of tl judgment of the American people, and th proof of the high standard of publio life that they gladly apply when they have ' he opportunity to apply it We undorstan 1 also, and freely admit that the great b dy, probably more than three-fourths of the voters of each of the great politic al parties, go to the polls with ; .very little independent or intelligent idea ot what they are voting for, guides j almost wholly by party associations.; But these mssscs balance each otter, and between them stand the voters who vote their convictions, who have a airly clear notion of the consequences of t ieir action, and who are determined in it b r their knowledge of the parties and of the candidates and of what may be expected from them. It is this class to whom Mr Cleveland's character, his conception oi duty, the principles to which he is devoti -dj the measures by which he desires to see th use principles applied, are well known. Th ;yj vote for him beoause of these, and his eminent success is due, not only to his sobrage and candor and fidelity, but to t ie; appreciation of these qualities among the voters who do their own thinking. If he is strong in a remarkable degree, it is in the enlightened confidence and roil ect of the voters who really shape the onrse of politics in the Republic. This fact is of tl e highest promise. It indicates a state f fthe public mind that augurs well for the country. It has been brought about b; a long process of education and amid gre at'difficulties. There had to be overcome, li rst, the intense and lasting passions of tl e rar, against which Mr. Cleveland had all the more to contend because he has al it ays been an earnest and loyal Democrat Then there had to be overcome the rejndioes implanted by nearly thirty yeiri of a high protective tariff, and not mei ely the prejudices but the feelings aroused ;yi personal interests fostered by the oper ktlon of that tariff. And. finally, a serioui obstacle in his pathway was the ipoils system, with its innumerable rcoti and ramifications in every town, h unlet and district of the land. Here, it w llbe seen, was a double array of obstrnc ion a, not only in the way of the Democrati Party, but in the way of Mr. Cleveland' i leadership in that party. They have all 1 eon surmounted by the sheer force, on th s one hand, of Mr. Cleveland's indomita ilej honesty and unflinching, unselfish co irage, and on the other let us not forget I t4-by the American love of those qdalitiei and the American capacity for political e snse. It is on this basis that the safety f the country rests. Mr. Celveland wil do his work and pass again into privai o life. But the qualities of the American people that have e nab lex 1 him to do that w ark so far, and will enable him to go on witl i it will remain, strengthened by his career,' and available for the support of other leaders who shall equally deserve it i TROLLEY ASp STORAGE BATTERY. There are miny indications that the number of electiio railways will be largely increased this ye arJ We find in one of our contemporaries the assertion that more contracts for trolley systems were made in the last month t lan in any three months of 1892. Bat w iile there is abundant evidence that elect riclty is to be substituted for horse power )n many old lines and that many new road a are to be constructed in suburban districts; scarcely anything is said about the use of storage batteries. Power is to be applied almost exclusively by means of ov rhead wires and the trolley. ' :- The attitude o great commercial organizations in the ectrical industries toward the trolley and the storage battery has recently engagtdthe attention of several journals, and f r m one of them, the Unittd Statu Intttlor, re take the following remarks, which i re baaed upon a series of letters relating o this subject : 44 The eonelnsle i is rapidly being forced npoa the publio that be policy of too General Eleo-trle Company Is a it to acquire a control of the electrical buslnss i off the eoastry by reason of the superior qua lty pf the servlee rendered by It, but to effect monopoly by puraulnjr the bold policy of soi airing control of local electrlo-al planu through tut the length and breadth of the land. " That such a I olley will In the long run result favorably t the company Is not to bo believed. It neceai ltate such a dlarocard of the Interests of ahe publio as to preclude ultimate soooess. How much, the publio hare at stake In the matter ean best be Indicated by the course which the Oeneril Eleculo Company Is pursuing regarding th storage battery. The fact Is too dear to admit of argument thai the present trolley system of elestneal propulsion la tolerated by the publ o only as the least of many evils. That it w ill in time be superseded by a system more dei Irable In every way Is the expectation of the I est oaeehaaleal engineers sad ef the peblle gen iraliy. " The storage battery has been perfected sufficiently to a Imlt of Its ass la European cities, and the tin e cannot be very remote whea It will be broncl t to ths point where It will satisfy the requ re meats of American towns and cities. Its li uoduotloa oa this side of the Atlantis will, however, render antiquated an enormous eleotrti al plant, eonitrueted at high cost. The electrl al snaaataeturlng companies will find thenisel' es obliged te largely revolutionize the eharat iter st their business, an outlook front which they dsrlvs very little satisfaction. The (barge against the Geseral Electric Compan r is that it Is letting no opportunity go by to iulre storage-battery pateats, not however, foi the purpose of affording the public Improved faolllUea, but to perpetuate the trolley systes u Krom aa economic point of view this policy sea ;best be characterized aa penny wise aad j oaad foolish." UnqnestaonaUy, the storage-battery system of propulsi n is the ideal one for use on city and suburban lines. If the perfection and development of it are to be retarded, not onl, by the direct opposition of powerful compi ,niei which control ths trolley system, but also indirectly through the purchase and oppression, so to speak, of new storage-battery patents by these companies, ths people will bo deprived for a long time of advantages to which they are: entitled. Ws kens it is not tras that with respect to ths storage bi ttsry ths General EUotrio Company j is p trsuing a policy which re sembles that of tho Bell Tsls phono Company in another field. Wo should prefer to believe that if j tills company is accumulating storage-battery patents, its purpose is to perfect the j storage battery aa a motive power, and not, to prevent or retard the development of it in order that tho trolley plants msy pot be disturbed. TBE CUBAN FILIBUSTERS. The account in yesterday's Times of tho preparation of a filibustering expedition in Florida for a descent upon Cuba is so intrinsically probable that the only wonder is that the preparations should not have been made long ago. It is not likely that Cuba has ever before been in a condition so well adapted to provokerevolution as that which now prevails. The trouble of the Cubans is primarily economical, and if only incidentally and by aggravation political. In common with all the West India Islands that produce sugar, her industry has received a very severe blow through the development of the manufacture of beet sugar. The effect has been less calamitous in Cuba than in some of the smaller islands, for the reason that the culture of tobacco there furnishes an auxiliary industry of high importance. Nevertheless, the decline in the production and the value of her principal staple has sufficed to inflict severe and general private losses and to render necessary the utmost economy in publio affairs. In fact however, the political 'administration of the island has been adapted to aggravate the sufferings necessarily caused by industrial changes beyond the control either of the Government or of the Cuban people. The short-sighted and greedy policy which has distinguished . the dealings of Spain with her colonies from the first and that has lost her all her colonial possessions in the New World, exoepting only Cuba and Puerto Rico, continues to prevail at Madrid. It is the colonial policy which was defined by a keen observer, more than a century ago, as consisting of "in government, tyranny; in religion, bigotry; in trade, monopoly." The exactions of ths Government have by no means diminished with the lessened ability of the island to meet them. How great they are may be judged from the single fact that the tax for interest upon the public debt alone amounts to sbout $10 annually upon every white inhabitant of the island, and the "army," which has no function except that of a police to put down the manifestations of popular discontent, is about as numerous as that of the United States. A country in such a condition would appear to be at all times ripe for revolution, and revolution to be inevitable when to chronio misgovernment are added serious commercial reverses. Whether a successful Cuban revolution would improve matters may be questionable, but the revolutionists have a forcible argument when they maintain that their success cannot possibly make things worse. The project of American annexation has scarcely been heard of since the time when it wss proposed to acquire Cnba by way of extending slavery, when Cuba was commercially mask more desirable than it is under the changed conditions. Of course, the only course for our Government to pursue with reference to any scheme of Cnbans for invading Cuba is strictly to enforce oar neutrality laws. That will not and cannot prevent the sympathies of American citizens from going with the Cuban revolutionists, who represent a grievously oppressed and plundered people. PATRIOTISM AND CHEESE. There is a bill before the Legislature at Albany which should become a law without delay. It provides that only American cheese shall be served hereafter to the inmates of the prisons and other institutions in the control of this State, and its enactment is demanded, it seems to ns, in the interest of both patriotism and good ataste. No argument need be advanced in favor of the patriotic intention of the bilL That is obvious. Good taste, however, is not always associated with the expression of patriotism. We have always had a kind of feeling that William Tell and KiENU were ill bred. They lacked moderation. The very best modern taste, however, is shown in this measure to stop the use of fc til ton, Roquefort, and Camembert cheeses in our penal institutions To be sure, a bit of old Stilton, well "cured" with Port wine, is regarded as quite the thing after dinner at Del-mohioo'8, but the habitude of that resort have been gradually educated to Stilton. Very few convicts, in spite of a mistaken idea that may be gained by the promiscuous reading of sensational newspapers, are born to high living. There is a lack of harmony in feeding them on viands for the proper appreciation of which at least one generation of culture is required. The execrable taste shown in pretending to like what one is obviously unfitted to like need not be dwelt upon. For the ordinary American convict and pauper a small slice of sound, wholesome American cheese, with a few well-toasted water biscuits, ought to be satisfying sfter the pastry and dessert which should never be too rich. In" " advanced" private' establishments the cheese is now served with the salad. That commendable custom has not yet been: adopted in our prisons and poorhonses, but when it is taken up, as it will bein time to promote good digestion, American cheese will be found quite as palatable, even with a superior mayonnaise, as Roquefort, Limburger, or the rich and pasty fromago de Brie. - The text of this bill, however, should be scanned very closely by ths legislators before they take action upon it Possibly its ierms are too sweeping. It would not be wise to make a law compelling convicts and paupers to eat cheese whether they like it or not All law-abiding citisens do not like cheese, and the same is true of the criminal classes and jthe helpless poor. It is no part of the policy of ths Empire State, as we understand it to increase tho punishment of lawbreakers by making them eat things they detest The very thought of this poesibls construction of tho bill, as It now stands, reminds ns of a certain anecdote which wo will not repeat, because its froo.nent.nso by si ter-dinaor orators has brooght It to th ioonditloa of 'tho best Koqaefort-4 condition excellent in fino Imported cheese, Jbnt deplorable in ka amusing story about a slek gentleman vho had never used tobacco in his life, whose physician t limited" him toons cigar a day. No. If a eon riot does not like cheese he should not be compelled to eat even the best Oneida County dairy product at 121 to for fancy. We are, however, strongly in favor of the use of only American cheese in the prisons and poorhonses. And would carry the provisions of this bill still further to include American champagne, which wo should really like to have tried on somebody, and American cigars, which are now very good, indeed, and so expensive that the pride of the most fastidious convict need not suffer from the enforced use of them. For the after-dinner coffee it is likely thst ths imported berry of Brazil or Jsva will still be employed in well-regulated penal institutions, although thereis a much-praised native coffee conspicuously on sale along Eighth Avenue, each package being accompanied, as a guarantee of good faith, by the likeness of a beautiful fe-.male, which is largely used by hard-working, honest folks who have never been fortunate enough to go to JaiL As for the essential caosse well, after the revelations in the recent investigation of the Whisky Trust we think it best to offer no suggestions on this head. The bill will permit the use of all American cheese, of course, whether it is just plain anonymous cheese or tho native brands of Brie, NeufchateL Camembert, Gruyere, Edam, Gouda, or Parmesan. A small portion of the last-named purely American product well dried and grated, is said to be an excellent addition to the dish of Amerjcan spaghetti, which is now served in penal institutions three times a week with a small glass of pure American chianti. There is, however, a variety of the dairy product of the fertile end beautiful interior counties of this State which, when it is admitted to the prisons, must bo watched closely, for, like the convict himself, it has a tendency to harden with age. This should be used sparingly and distributed in very small' portions, and the convict should be compelled either to eat it or return it to the steward. With a moderately large portion of this article of food, well aged, a desperate convict might kill a keeper or two, or batter down a stone wall, and thus escape from durance. The weather of the past Winter has been a relentless inquisitor for Street-Cleaning Commissioner Bkennan if that title is not a misnomer. It is not fair to say that it has been his malignant enemy. It has merely put him and his department to a severe test If they had come out of it even creditably, the season might have proved to be a friendly one in giving them an opportunity of showing what they could do. There is glory only in achieving the difficult "The sunshine patriot and Summer soldier " get no glory, for they do no deeds. Bkennajt has had a great chance to show what was in him, and he has done it There is nothing in him. The westher has done a publio service in putting the matter to a test in a way that lesves no question of the result i JUDGE DAVID DAVIS. WHT HE SIGHED BIS KAME CLOSE TO TBE BODT Or A LETTER. Frem the Chienee ITntt Mteer. It iced to occasion comment from tsese who received letters from the late Senator David Davis to see his name subcerlbed so near the body of the letter that it would have been Isa-posslbls to have written anything between ths signature and the letter Itself. He left ao whits paper; the upper parte of the letters ef his name were made to ; touch the last line of the letter. Judge Davis used ot to write so maay letters when he was a Supreme Court Justice as bo did afterward when he became a member of the Senate, and he was never a very aetlvs correspondent Us explained one day why he had adopted this rather unusual custom, fle said that whea he was a Judge In Illinois a ease was brought before htm of alleged forgery of a note. The slgaature to the note was admittedly jrennlae, but it was claimed by the apparent maker of the note thst the body of It had been written upoa a ptcoe of paper to which the genuine signature had been attached. The trial darei-vped that come oae had aooured a letter written by the apparent maker of the note. The man's signature had been written at a eeasld-ersble distance below the end of the letter, leaving a sufficient spaee of white paper to write la the words constituting the note. The original letter had. of course, bees cat oft. This experience Judge Davis said, taught aim a lecaoa, and he never slcned ais aame to any document without taking care to make it iav-poeslble for any one to make a forgery ever the genuiae signature. JfUOGMTS. There are men woe starve their ehlleiea te help the brewer fattea hie haraee. Jteaa'e Mar. Blrl" qnestioaed an irate female shopper as she pounced upon a small maa who was paciag ths store, "are you the floorwalker t " " W-a-ne. ma'am," he rasped. - I r o-e-only the p-p-proprietor.,-.ietretl free .Press. " Whea a maa comes areuag with a scheme with "mlllloaa In it," It aaay be cafe aaouah te laderec his eenUmeota, hat ana should be careful about Indorsing his paper. ClaetaaaM Ceinewratal VtttU, . 6t Peter The demand la made by the eotouy from the United states that we do scawuaag ateaec to ragalate emlsraUea. Gabriel What la the trouble f St. Peter They ooa't want te stag aad play la ceaapetlUea with the pauper aagela ef Europe. , Dick Hicks Pop. whea arc yea gulag te take me to the circus 1 Hick-Ton be a seod little boy, and some ftae say I'll let you hold your breath for Ave mlautes. ; BBBBSBBBBmajj Sad for French Piano Thai per. . the Lenten TtUgmpX. Plsaos ha vs Just Shared tho fats of ths vslsci-pedaa. aad by a largo majority th Chaoabei this afternoon voted aa amendment brought forward by M. Kabler aad hi Robert Mitchell for to lmpeeltloa of a tax oa them. M. Rablcr calmly remarked that he did net think that aay on would oppoee his proposition and thereupon the Kaetlaairs cried. - Hew about violins! -while th Moderate atepablloaaa. with the din of the carnival attUlaglng la their cars. oot, - El is eor d csaaee I" st Rabterrhow-vr, proceeded to salens ths meeaer aa vsry democrat!, and : after soaking th atate-BBat that about twenty year age It was at ertalad that there war upward ef 6O0l0O pianos la E ranee, he added that the texweuld b very lucrative. It was ta vala thai T hL r-eiaearro pointed out that th tax wasaal Beceecary, a th budsct would be balanced w!tbut II Th 1 Mas was of a 4tfVrai opinion, so a tax ef lOf. 1st be levied en nlaaaav the need by prolesilensls belag exempted The lusmtr Usswt Ashore.! 1 Mobile. Ala.. Marsh 4, Th h-a eaUlar steamer Caaawa ef the Iatsraatleaal Trans prteUa Company, bound tress rmate Cetda to Kbll with a aarge of phespaale rock, Wcat asher twlv Bailee cast ef fcasaeelaia the rT '".. f mi"v acy aas sass are sear vales IstastOOU y e rw aw waosi tee wins, sassgss Mat i -. ICM AT 2IU0 ABA. A wodii0L purtiT, triQva IT CHAKACTIB AD XXTEXT. frem tAe Bnfeim Cemrter, Meweh t Rarely indeed Is K stars la a meed of lavish dUplsy Uke thst to whisk this Winter she has abaada4 aru at Xlagara. The sews about ths great cataract U sublime, aad It is aalque. Other aspects ef nature in ether quarters ef oar wonderful earth may present pfetaresef sweaty aad grand ur. But tolr vary pemaaneae, w bother la aoaatala. or force t. or sea. reDa them of a cartels isseiastlea which w t la looking npoa this fleeting splendor with which winter has eiothod Niagara, if every rooar-rcnoe of the eeaaoa of treat brought ta a am eoadltloBs, we might net be so moved by them. But not one la a dad is there voushsafed te ns so grand a speetaeie- a glimpse so seggeo tlvf thagof ie. The Amerloan fall la 164 feet high, aad piled up before It, so that th sound of lu tuandcr is Beamed, is a has barrier of lee. Between th Inclined rail way and tbdg ef the fall a roaad hill of lee rleee, quite 100 feci la height white aad glassy, farther along aad nearly opposite Laaa island rtesa another mound of solid lee aad snow, quite 124 feet la height, and of Immense thickness. Between these are other hill aad hummocks only loss majestic Near th foot of th Horeecbo. oa the ttoat Island side, Is a dome of lee, bobs 200 test long and wide, handrods of Icicles hsaglns from its aadr side. Thee are bnt th prominent feature ef th lc formations. As on enters Propt Park, or walks throuch Uost Island toward ths brink of th fall, th trees present th appears e of trews anywhere la winter. Bat oae get to frwapecl point, aad lok bask, or to th walk that wads over the Horcesho Book from Oeat Island, and look ap. and vry tree steads out pare white. The lee takes oa the texture ef th special tree to which It eUnga If it to aa elm or chestnut the lee shows th cress of ths slat's or chestnut's bark; If it b a maple, or beech, or ash, th lee to smooth aad polished. Everything staads out gltoteoiag. and wher th spray ha formed oa sprue and pin It ha gradually takea ta shape of tho vrgrea feathery fronds, aad th tree looks Uke a Strang xoUe, th production of a botanist d-llghtlng la fastest! growths. Perhapc th most complete view of all that eomblnee to Utah Niagara splendid la WJater may be had from th stairs leading- from Goat Island te Luna Island. Looking over th rail-lag oae eaa oateh a glimps of ths great fissure or walls of loe lstowhleh the river pour It divided tomata, with th wind aad spray beating against th scarred Inner walls of th bar-rir, while feu aad clouds of mist shoot upward and are borne away by th wind to rain dowa aad f reeze again a th crust ef the loe naeunt-mns beroBd. At a dlatanoe. aayoad th American Eall. i Proepeot Point, with a black mev-lns specks of humanity. Behind these rice th white-robed wood, shading off to brown la ta dictaao. Back of th glla-teatag tree to th sky, as purely bias as vr It bent over Vaale or Floraa, wall btwa. rising from th misty eavera as tho falls foot sad arching upward aeross the river, aeross the distant slump sf lee-elsd treos, against the deep bin ef ta sky, aad fading away just aadcr the gibbous mon. to a bow f the riebeat prismatic hucc, now deepealag, bow becoming faint, a th spray to blown this way and that, Booh to th soesc, not always with ths moon a feature of It at Niagara in the clear afternoons, whan the atmosphere softens and subdues all th ha. ASIOR OWNS THE PALL MALL. SPECULATIOHi AS TO HIS PURPOSE IV BUTIVO IT. The Aators are not only vary wealthy, but they arc quiet, peaoc-lovlag. aad eminently respectable people la their native land, nays Lew lyA- What then, eaa have Indnoed Mr. W. W. As tor to buy the Liberal Pall Mall Ua-eette. In order to t convert It Into Unionist organ I This seems to me to be ss strsags as it weald be for the Duke of Westminster or some such English magnate to buy np aa antl- Administration newspaper at Washington in order to hang It Into aa Administration organ. What would th Americans say If this war don I would there net be somewhat of an outcry, aad would It not be a u greeted to th Dak that, if he wlahed to engage la poUticc, it might be well It be war to oonnn nimeir to those of hi awn country I If Mr. W. W. Actor Intended to natural lie himself as an Englishman, I could understand ths purchase: this, however, to Improbable, for his property mainly consists of land and houses la New-York, where bo alien eaa hold real estate. As a reasoaahle maa he wiU, I think, admit that his possession of a party ergaa In Groat Britain, dealing every day with matters that cxeluslvely concern the Inhabitants of ths United Kingdom, to, te ay th Isaac, a somewhat strange proceeding, rather calculated to embroil him than to lead to his enjoyment of th ortwaa eum dignUmte, which pramably a seeks la taking up his rosldcaoe among as. IsovtatoBt 1st Loulsiama. from the -Or Usj Timu-DtrnttreX. Mnreh 1. Although tho commission to be appointed by the Governor, lieateaaat Governor, sad Speaker of th House to suggoat changes la th Constitution ha not yet been ohocen, th State prea la already discussing th subject Th mala points thst will be covered by the commission are the Jadlelary aad the eleotioa laws, and oa thee there cecmc to be more union of centi-znent than we expected- Is la the aaanlinoaa opinion of th country press that there are to many courts in Louisiana, neighboring Math-era States, with much larger population than Louisiana, hsvs fswsr courts sad pay far less for Judicial ex pen sea. There ic equal unanimity on the subject of the Clronit Courts, whleh are coating the btate S48.0UO a year, without aay corresponding benefits. Thr I mor differ of opinion la regard to th election laws All agree that they need revialon that will aaanr a mor honeet count aad that will relieve the btate of th negro incubus aad purify oar polltloa, bat -there is set a full agreement as to what measures arc necessary to bring about these results. Ther to a general desire for th adoption t th Australian ballot or something akin to It aad II nar be reasonably eoanteU oa Bout ef the country papers wast an educational quallO-tioa, others insist upoa a very high poll tax as a prerequisite to voting, as It will, at th same time, reduce the ignorant vote and glv th Btate ar money for it schools. Senator from Hoatana. Hblbka. Mob., March 4. Gv. Kiekard at boob to-day appointed Mayor JLe Maatla f Butt to th Beaatershlp mad vacant by the Lgialatur's failure to lct Th appointment was not a surprise, though It was generally believed that Sanders would get It. Mr. Mantl la forty-three year old, unmarried, sad has been a reeldeat of Butte for twlv rears. li t thoroughly a self-made man, and was one a telegraph operator on th Utah Northern Hall-road, lie Is said to bo worth 9200.0OU. made la mining stocks. ral sstat. sad speealatioa la Butte. H owns th controlling stock of th InUr-Mountain, th leading Republican newspaper of th Btate, and ha been prosalnaat la Kepublleaa politico for a long time. Mr. Mantle waa speaker ef the lower house In th Territorial Legislature one session, aad waa elected Mayor of Butte last Spring. These are th only offices he has held. He waa Chairman ef the Kcpublioan Bute Committee la the last campaign. Mr. Mantl is a pleasing aad ffot-Iv publi speaker, aad vary popular In a social "y- 1 u e general oplaloa. regard! of poll ties, that ha will maka a Senator as useful to th Btate aa aay on th Governor ould hsvs appointed from ta Republican. Secretary Noble's Farewell Story. rrem the Wtukinften feet, Mnreh X. Secretary Nobl will return to ato boms la St Louis a soca as possibl after blag rlivd by th incoming Secretary, aad hopes te be sbl t leav Waahlngten next Tueeday afteraB. H will at ono reeume ta praetio of law. Th Secretary said yesterday that la many respects his offloial lit ta Waahlngten had bu extremely pleasant It had lavolvod a vast amount of hard work, but oa th whole It had pn worn mat wa agroaaot t aim. lvr- tniee n icit maea as dM th ranawa ,V darhrv befer th war. He waa ea hie way w Canada, and was met by a ouatrymaa, who qucctlencd aim a te th treatment he had received at th head f hi master. " Dlda't yea have eaoagg to at I " the eoeatrymaa asked. "Yea." -And enough to wear t " "Ye." Aad a warm ulaee to sleep I " "Tea" "Then what did yea run away fort "say. hoc." th darky replied. - If yon think yeVd Uke the plae. IV na ,. iJ7 BevereiMe CutT Tabooed. rrem the Wnthtngten Star. GBtlUMB wh affect - soctoty " and yst wear reversihls euns are probably una war f the extreBM thlaaess ef the crust upon whleh they Stand, s It becomes the or painful doty te arena thsta from thlr lethargy aad direct attention to th wrath which to mvtng toward them with th rapidity aad rensarealeesneec ( th great aloud of ofttc eeekers new a route t thl city. Aa authority upoa the eial prerequisites admits that ther to eeeaoaiy in ta taming of ta cuff, hat th weiwdroassd maa boll va taat eae used th uff to tolled; it to ae leager wearable, aad th dlseevsry f th eea ealment. by aay manner et meaaa. of turning or thr ezpodteat, would be fatal te bis trtisl teauiag. This sMtaus to truly awful la acme at It pha, bat viewed front the mass lanaury aaaa's etaadpetat Is adaraol. Am KarPs Tear HorwebaeJk. rrem the lea Sea nUeraph. The Karl et Deaaere arrived at Cataattae pie rob. 1ft front ta rassire, aavtag tasiplstsd the eattr dlatanee an h areata ah n- wa a-. ruajsa treaties in Vesruary, tsua, RESULTSOF WOMEN'S WORE EXHIBITED: JSD MOLD AT MHMEm MVS IS THE AfTERSOOS. ' P B fgg 1TIIW9 TBt XiVAwtU Or A WOKTIT BSW-TOSK KXCBAISS t6 : WOatAaT'gj WOlC ItCtlTID KB, CBOATS AlXCDgg TO BIS B exblavcb to' aisaor pottie, x rf; the msaagers ef the Vew-Terk Cxeaaage few woman's work roeetved the frtead f the esv ' eaaage last night at Sherry's, Talrty-sevsnth Street and Mftt Avisos. V . Preesdlag the reeeptton, botwsoa the sour ef 1 o'clock and 8 P. M., there were aa exalbrtlonv aad sal ef various arttelas suitable for Easter gifts. Embroldsred work, llagwrlev hsaiTsisie apeeteeas ef ceramic art, dolls ts quly , robe, water colors, and a great variety of IsbsW . nine decorations for say lady's boudoir." were ' displayed en the various tables. - v' . ;i' - Mrs. W. & Cheat, Presldeatef Us exchange, said It waa organised W provld for ladtea. auv ' ef whom from afflooae are reduced to the necessity ef earning a Uvsllheod, aad te furnUn ' a place where they eaa always find sympathetic, reflaed women te advise th aad praetieally . aid ta ssourlag some position, or la svclptng aad training such apUtodo a ean beet be turned teacoouat : At one of the ateadg last sight ware brle-s-brae and an eld-f sshioaed eioejk. whleh the own or. one la afflaeul circumstances, was obtWred to offer for sale. "SeM at aaotfoa, those arttolee would preb ably realise lees taaa eae-aaU their vnUt," said Mrs. Cfaoata. - Here they will t blag like their value.' Tn xonang has been ta susnsasfnl hob tor (oarteea years, sine April, 187B. mat Oar soelstle have beea formed in Boston, Chicago, Cincinnati, Baltimore, aad various largo eltia. Ther are seventy-f oar r the ex-hsages la this country, and recently ea waa ergaalsod 1b Paris. i . -- Mra. Cheat said tt wss Mtlmated thst eve S2.Ooo.OUO has beea paid ent by the various exchangee to meet deserving beaeaelarte. of this cans SAOOKiO wa Bold out dartaa the teat year. r The fflor f ta Kcw-Trk Kxehange for -Woman' wrk. at 3-' Plfta Avsass, are: - M Teidnt Mr. W, G. caoatetVloo Prcat-dcnte-Mre. William E. Dodge, Mrs. u. R. Ag-Bcw, Mrs. T. at Wheeler; Iteoordlag Soerwtarr - lc Susan Herrlman ; Corrca ponding Boer. . tary-Mra, T. at Waeeler; Irarr-hUe aUtheria Lambert t . Advisory Board Mr. William G. Cheate, Mr. . Joha T. Terry, Mr. r. & Thurbcr. Me Georg W. Baker, Mr. Uorg Headlj, Mr. Hnry Jalo.Ms, ' lctor Morawlu, and Mr. A. IX jaUilard. . Managers-Mrs. Corasllus K. Agsew. Mrs. .K K Mrs. U IV Blackmaa. sirs, William G. Choate, Mrs. Charles V. Chaadtoc, Mlaa Jan Careon. Mice Cromwell. Mrs. Uasry f. Dlmock. Mrs, Wlillaas E. Dodge, Mrs. etophoa B. Elklna Mr. Charte Godfrey, Mr, faeorr Hoadly. Mia Sosaa Harrtmaa, Mrs. Heary lvt sob, Mra, A. IX JulUlard, Mia Hannah Law-raaee, Mrs. Grocvenor P. Lwry, Mra. WlUUaa V. Lawrence. Mia Kate aria Lambert Mra, -Charles U Marshall. Mrs. Jena Eaton. Mr. W. ' A. Perry. Mrs. Jacob H. Bchln. Mrs. Kaseca Bag. Mr. Joha X. Tarry. Mrs, r. B. Tharbor, -Mrs. Gtluiaa Thouipeon. Miss E. a Valll. Mr. B, T. Woodward, Mrs, T. M. Wheeler, Mrs. R, IX Woodward, and Mr. E. L Yountans. Several of the man are re of ta Kxchaag were prat at the roeeptlou laat aight Bishop Henry C Potter. Mr. Joseph H. Choate, and President both Lew ef Columbia College wore to have delivered address as. They wr en hand, bat the managers et the Ex- -change decided to poctpono tho sddrsuss te a ' time when the distinguished gentlemea named might hav a larger aadteao. Th trui kept many of the Influential frtoada of the Thsage at bom laat Bight Mr. Joseph H. Choate mads ths snaeuaee' mant of th postponement la a buratertetlea ly fallelton way. Hccatdla hla blaadeel manner that th react of reason prepared for hi ' auditor, and bo doubt aaxlonaly looked for, would V reeerved for March Is, or at some time to be subsequently aaasaed. ' la aa xtrmly modest way, Mr. Choate Said ' bo had hoped that Bishop Potter would nave bar called oa to make tho anaonn meat, but . ea he (Mr. Choate) had bea s freqneaUy mla-teken for tho Bishop, the managers of the Ex- : ehang probably thought the aadieuee weuldn'S sbo w sa oinrae. " Hear! hcarl " sxslaimsd smlllngjy. i Prwsldaut Xew, By way of offering eorroborsttng evMeaee In sabataatiatlon ef his statement ooaoeraUur th . Biahop, Mr. Choate said that on oae eccaalon, when he was riding lu aa elevated ear, a friend had an evening paper ta whleh waa printed a out of the Biahop. Tkia wa a paper whioh Ma, -Choate said kept Bishop Potter's picture on, hand to preserve its ecclesiastical flavor. Mr. Chssts's frtond. after axsmlnlng the cut asked him if h had yr a c Used hew muoh he reaembied the Bishop. . "h.y; I have rraquaatly been nvtoteksn for alnt? said Mr. Choate. " I have roeogaUed th rsismblanc," said the dlatlaguiahad advocate' fnend.. M Bat It strikes m that the Bishop never look ae olerleal aa yoa." i Mr. Choate elceed wit a praottoal ugge-tlon. Said he: la postponing th address I do net dismiss you. On the contrary, I reconv mend that yon remhla to examine and pur ehae such artlol a are here for sale." And h set a good example by doing the thing he had reoommendeu. . Nervous Collar ta Par Ham at. rrom Zenden Truth. Instances t nervous collapse la the Hons e Commons hsvs been by no means scares. The late Lord BbeVbrooke then Mr. Robert Lowe completely broke down la the course of a speech " la the debate upon the Royal Title bill. Hap- pcnlag to confuse his Botes, be beem bewildered aad sat down In the very mlddl of hie speeoh. If I remember correctly, he never addressed the House agmla after thl collar. Th celebrated Lord btrsngford whea Mr. Smyth oa on oooaaion stumbled ever the : pronunelauen of aa Intricate word, and, losing hi nerve, waa compelled to sit dowa. Sir' George Grey, wh wa Heaa Becretery oadar ' Lord P aimers ton. waa a poeltlv martyr t narvouan, and h never addressed th Hea, svsn upon the moat unimportant occasion. ' without botraytag evldeat signs of this affliction. Another Instance to. that ef Mr. John Stuart MiiL who upoa a famous occasion attar-v ly eo Ua peed. Secretary Smith and Hi Kewrsuaper. ' frem the Monteemerg fAlm.) Ameertteer, JafareAB. Hon. Hoke Smith, th new Secretary et tho ' Interior, left for Washlagtoa yestsrday. Before his departure be dtopod of .hi eon trolling in- ' tenat la tho Atlanta Keening Journal, ellrag -noagh a look Jo hav th maaamBt yeas into other heads. Mr. emith eaaooX run aawa- " per aad on of th moat Important poelttea of ' the h atloaal Govoramoat at th sam ttate. 8 " ' he has wisely disposed ef th former lor the nxt f oar years at toast His experience already ; ta being held ecoouatable tor every news Item printed In th Journal a eemlag rrom Ma Cleveland ha doubtless 14 him to this aonna. which to a wtoe oae. i r . vsw, Aaglaa. rrem the JBeeten Jeumnt. Ths English Ungusge to la ea emlaenuy fluid state. Sol only does slang ' ultimately meet with the approval ef , adoption, aad seleaee add moathly to the dletloaary. bat ther to fta a ' ehang la th proauBetatlou ef faanlllar word. A physician was. eerrootod her the ether day , by a pedant tor al proaaaoiatlon ef -angiT , ' Th pedant instated that th aal ehouid be glvea te the Brat syllable, aad be wa atrtoUr correct. Haw many physicians, et this town are thas perfect la speech I The ehang ta the pranaiatloa et thl word to ef reoeat data, .oairvAJtr jroTJCj. ' Tbouas a, Scaitlos; for v year tnTsamafst reporter for the Waw.Tark Jyieune, died, at hie home. SchcU Street. Brcekiya, y eater aay. : tee several year be . aa koen . the reBreeeatettvc'er?' tee AeeociaieS Praee a te Preoaee kxchaao. aad ' tt wn mars reperte tmr tee mi. - Jhl tetter work b was ougd te dl cattna two years as because of Uulag health. . He baa work lor th aewepaper aboatl twealy yeare s7waa he V essployed a msassagar by ta predaae ka. ; chaage reporter, hla tedlate smalejsr betas Mr. Wteaae. teea te .ammeietel w5teV tie tee -rraswava, Mr. eaalea tted ta tela sarilns aa tUthMaf Ml Wlaaaa.Sv yara age, who h " cucceedad te hi wevk. - Th fanoral wid take piae - -at tea Seekett street reevocaee at IvM Oateaa t aawiew atwraava j aafolst at D. HkassaT JxrrsBV. tcaer X PTrmouth aa lllBiss et t mmr tala mvi, havUg ag at at. Peal's, at Mart a, aad Other Kw-Yark ahatehaa - Me waa tha Hi.n.if aad Treasures e tee creehrWbTenr E leetrte Oaca-peay. ate leave a wile aad two toidrea. Wvamnir - wiaw wut ae a aa e rww saw arar i, artera eav ibyurtaa tkuet te Wee Sifty-Thay win b ee4act4 by tee eeiated by the Jteo. be. Lgauva u 4aurat rryiriaa caveat fewest, stev. In. Baath, i Abhwtt ef Plymoate US area. Osoaea Mvaast Taaov. Librartaa ef us Osuvury Clan, dtet a ate heme. t Eaat PirtteUk Stent, Tkereaar. M wee a svaadecacl Crteh ivaoy. who sassss lsd J elhsa iTambaUaa Saaaiac treai tX Bceucat, Mr. Try .Vsaves a wU aad eae ma, paaeral servWee wiB be head ta th Vhavoh et tad Kplpaaar, Leilas as Avenue aad TUlrO-atva Street, te marrew ssoralag a io c'ciesk, JW. J. MacDobweU. Caevalter et the Lagtea 4 Be aad tnreaer Cea Sue Praao. died a T toaaa QarW yslsitay. ; f arc. nrawUya, died Tharsday after nmjm. ai aia soma, ae wa B-uty-aevaata ptreet Ma Jeffery was tsrvr year ees. M had beea Sue eeverai vaara a vailkaawa Sim u

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