Battle Creek Enquirer from Battle Creek, Michigan on May 14, 1956 · Page 1
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Battle Creek Enquirer from Battle Creek, Michigan · Page 1

Battle Creek, Michigan
Issue Date:
Monday, May 14, 1956
Page 1
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Lose something? Let a , CLASSIFIED AD trace the finder. PHONE WO 4-7161 THE BATTLE C R E E K ENQUIRER and NEW The Weather Fair and Warmer Tuesday FIFTY-SIXTH YEAR BATTLE CREEK, MICHIGAN, MONDAY, MAY 14, 1956-20 PAGES-2 SECTIONS CITY EDITION PRICE scoptb 6 CENTS r "'. ----- -- i - - . ' ft ". ,iritlfrmi-- n L La Tensions Seen Lifting For Wind-Wary Citizens AP Wirepnoto. This unoccupied school bus was picked up and tossed against a utility pole at Flint by the force of one of Saturday's tornadoes. Shift in 4 Jet Stream' Linked To Rash of Twisters in State DETROIT Iff) A shift in the high-flying jet air stream was blamed today for the abundance of tornadoes in the northern United States in recent years. Dr. Everet R. Phelps, professor of physics and astronomy at Wayne University, predicted the jet stream will shift southward again to its normal location within the next few years. Explains Jet Stream Meteorologists believe a return of the jet stream to its "normal location" will mean hurricanes would remain farther south and there will be fewer tornadoes as far north as Michigan," Dr. Phelps explained. The jet stream is a relatively narrow band of air encircling the earth and moving west to east at velocities from 100 to 300 miles an hour. It usually barrels along six to 10 miles high over the northern United States. However. Dr. Phelps said, the jet stream seems to have shifted a little more to the north in recent years to a position over our northern border or over southern Canada. Affects Surface Winds That shift has affected surface winds, he added. As a result, all weather phenomena including hurricanes and tornadoes now occur farther north. Dr. Phelps said one essential condition for tornadoes a layer of unusuallv warm moist air extended over the entire Lower Peninsula of Michigan Saturday night when 19 tornadoes roared down. When the other 25 necessary conditions fell into place, the scientist continued, the warm surface air rose up through the upper cold air. Then currents of air rush dswn into the gap left by the upward moving stream, forming the deadly tornado which whirls rapidly in a counter-clockwise direction because of the earth's rotation. Hawaii's 6 Delegates Instructed for Adlai HONOLULU Cff) Hawaii's six delegates to the Democratic National Convention were instructed to vote for Adlai Stevenson as the party's territorial convention closed yesterday. Instruction came in a resolution. The convention also asked that Congress grant the territory the right to elect its own governor SPOTLIGHT On the Neivs TORNADOES KILL 6 in state, leave 200 injured, cause flood threats. EDEN SET TO FACE Labor Party grilling on frogman. t THREE DIE as two ships collide in Pacific. RUSSIA REPORTED planning to eliminate concentration camps. H-Bomb Test Firing Remains Indefinite ABOARD USS MT. McKINLEY UO Wheather experts who last night postponed the "Shot Chero kee" H-bomb test for the seventh time to Wednesday morning (Tuesday. U.S. time) today in dicated unfavorable winds prob-ablv would cause another delay to Thursday. Conditions forecast for Tues day and Wednesday "are not ac ceptable, this mornings com munique said, with little evidence of a favorable change by Wednesday "although such a possibil lty must not be ruled out. The forecasters blamed winds from the north which would carry radioactive fallout from an explosion over inhabited islands in the Marshall group. (Picture on Page 14) Wind-wary Battle Creek residents, tired and nervous after three tornado alerts in as many days, scanned the skies anxiously this morning as gusts up to 40 miles per hour swept the city for a period. There was no indication, however, that the area would be alerted to the possibility of twisters again soon. Instead, fair and cooler weather is forecast for tonight and Tuesday. Cold Front Lifts Danger William Husted, Flood Warn-! ing Station director, said this: morning that stabilized air con-1 ditions now exist in the area and that there is no present danger of tornadoes developing. He said a cold front moved into the area about dawn this morning, bringing in much cooler, dryer air from thu northwest, replacing the troubled air conditions of the previous three days. During the trouble period warm, moist air was being swept up from the Gulf of Mexico, colliding with colder air from the north and causing turbulence. Between 1:30 p.m. Friday and 10 p.m. Sunday local residents spent a total of 38 hours' under alert conditions and on two occasions, they were warned to take cover when tornadoes were reported heading toward the city. The twisters, however, did not materialize. The final alert of the weekend was broadcast at noon Sunday, seven and a half hours after the prolonged danger period extend ing from 5 p.m. Saturday to i.M a.m. Sunday was lifted. At 10 o'clock last night word was relayed over radio and television that the final alert was lifted. Danger Signal Flashed The most serious threat came shortly after 1 a.m. Sunday when Mr. Husted received a report that radar had picked up a possible tornado developing just three miles northwest of Battle Creek. He immediately went on the radio by telephone recording with a "warning" bulletin, advising residents of northeast sections of the city to take "extreme precautions." Those listening to radios were asked to phone their neighbors if they had gone to bed. About 20 minutes later the warning was lifted, but people were advised to stay by their radios because of continued evi dence of heavy storm build-ups in the area. Not until 4:30 Sunday morning was the alert finally cancelled. The Sunday morning warning was the second issued by the Battle Creek Flood Warning Sta tion during the three weekend twister alerts. The first was issued at 7 p.m. Friday when a heavy black cloud was sighted bearing down on the city after two previous reports of funnel sightings in the Kalamazoo and Dowagiac areas. A twister scare about 8 p.m. Saturday sent many local residents scurrying for protective cover after the Kalamazoo televi sion station and a local radio station reported that a twister had been sighted in the Kalamazoo area and was headed this way. This was never confirmed and no danger actually developed. A special meeting of the Chamber of Commerce tornado warning committee is scheduled for this afternoon at the cham ber building at 2 p.m. to discuss (Please Turn to Page 2, Col. 5) 200 Injured, Damage Set At a Flood Threat Faces Many Areas of State A Tense 20 Minutes and -That Could Have Been It Eden Set for Showdown On Mystery of Frogman The climax of hours of anxious! waiting for many Battle Creek residents came at 1 a.m. Sunday when word was flashed that a tornado might be forming three miles west, northwest of Battle Creek and moving northeast. Prior to this there had been many false local reports each of which had been checked carefully and listed as unconfirmed. But, this could be it. Originated at Custer The reDort originated with the F.t. Custer radar post, which had Notified the FCDA Region Four headquarters here of a huge "weather build-up" which might produce a tornado. The report was then relayed to tne tsauie Creek Flood Warning Station. As an Enquirer and News reporter was walking into the Flood Warning Station at Kellogg Field, William F. Hustdd, local weatherman, was passing the word to the radio stations and police and fire departments. A violent electrical storm was lashing out. The sky to the north and to the west was filled with ominous black clouds. Observation points were alert ed to pay particular attention to the area. Observers Tense The Ft. Custer radar scanned the clouds. Observers everywhere were tense, ready to leap for a telephone if they sighted anything resembling a tornado. The lightning was actually an aid in observation. Between awe inspiring flashes, the sky was black. Nothing could be seen. When the lightning flashed, the illumination .was so bright that the details of the cloud formations could be clearly seen. Mr. Husted and his men kept a sharp eye on the big weather buildup in the area. Constant checks were made of the weather bureau teletype machine which tlanged forth from a corner of the fire equipment garage at the Flood Warning Station. And then after about 20 min utes of tense watching, the danger was over. The cloud had not formed a tornado. The word was flashed by two local radio stations that the warning had been lifted and the area had been returned to alert status. On into the early hours of the morning, however, the watching and checking continued. Vigilance was not relaxed. An all-clear was given for most of lower Michigan by the Detroit Weather Bureau about 3:30 a.m. The final all-clear came about 4:45 a.m. The night of watchful waiting was over. Coalition Wins Austrian Vote Raab Conservatives Gain 8, Socialists 2 GM Recalls 400,000; Other Auto Firms Extend Layoffs ATOM SCIENTISTS MEET MOSCOW UP! U.S. atomic scientists joined with Soviet physicists today at the first nuclear conference in the Soviet Union ever attended by American experts. Red Concentration Camps On Way Out, Official Says MOSCOW A high secret) The official said a special police official says the Soviet j commission has been ordered to. Union will abolish its concen- review sentences 01 persuiia ran- DETROIT (IP) General Motors Corp. recalled 400,000 hourly-1 rated workers today but two other automotive companies announced they were extending layoffs, leaving the industry with a serious unemployment problem. American Motors Corp. said 4,550 auto workers in Milwaukee and Kenosha, Wis., who were scheduled to return to work today will not be called back. Chrysler Corp. extended a two- day layoff of 6,500 workers for one more day, through tomorrow. Car Demand Fails An AMC spokesman said his company s callback was post poned because demand for its large cars Nash and Hudson- failed to increase as expected. The idled workers include 450 in Milwaukee and 3,100 in Kenosha who were laid off March 22 and 23 and another 1,000 Hid off in Milwaukee on April 20. Production of the company s smaller Rambler has continued and some 6,000 workers at Keno sha and another 400 at Milwaukee have remained on the job, he said. Automotive assembly operations were halted at GM plants Friday for one day only and workers returned to their jobs today as ordered. Saturday is not considered a regular working day. Follows Reuther Blast The announcement of extended layoffs by Chrysler and American Motors followed by one day a blast by United Auto Workers' Union President Walter P. Reu ther that layoffs by GM and Chrysler were an attempt to conceal the seriousness of the current unemployment situation in the automobile industry. Reuther, who only Friday predicted a "worsening of the situation," said government economists placed the total layoff figure at 148,000 as of May 5. "That doesn't include the most recent Chrysler layoffs, nor GM's one day shutdown," he said. "There is every indication that many thousands more actually are now on layoff or on short work weeks." Reuther said the shorter week "spread the burden of unemployment on the backs of the workers" whom he called "victims of the reckless, irresponsible scheduling of production on the part of the industry in 19ao . VIENNA, Austria (Chan cellor Julius Raab's Conserva tives pushed within one seat of a majority in parliament in Aus-j tria's first national election since the end of the four-power occupation. Vice Chancellor Adolf Schaerf said his Socialist Party is ready to loin Raab s party m a renewal of the Conservative-Socialist coalition government which has ruled Austria since World War II. The Conservatives picked up eight seats in Sunday's election and immediately proclaimed a halt to further nationalization of industry. Only about 40 per cent of Austrian, industry remains under private control. Raab will form a new cabinet at the request of President Theo-dor Koerncr. He is considered certain to negotiate for another coalition with the Socialists. But his improved position gives the Conservative chief the alternative of dealing with the extreme right wing Freedom League if the Socialists balk at his program for a brake on nationalization of industry. In the 'unofficial but complete returns, Raab's Conservative People's Party won 82 seats and the Socialists gained two seats for a total of 75. The Freedom League dropped from 14 to 5 and the Communists sliooed from 4 to 3 seats. "It was a victory for Austria's future." Raab said. His finance minister, Reinhard Kamitz, said the election "makes it sure the further nationahza tion of industry will be stopped. DETROIT ( Six died iri the 20 screaming tornadoes that left 200 injured and property damage esti- j mated at more than three ! million dollars in Michigan lover the weekend, i Winds destroyed or damaged over 200 homes and upward of another 300 were evacuated as flooding streams threatened to inundate them. Some commercial buildings and factories also sui-fered wind or flood damage. Flint Hit Hardest Worst hit were the Flint area and , adjoining Allen Park and Lincoln Park, Detroit suburbs. Flint had three tornado dead from three twisters which roared through its eastern outskirts at supper time Saturday. Ithaca, 50 miles northwest of Flint, had an other. Continue 3 Days Two men, one in Muskegon and another in Saginaw, died of heart attacks attributed to anxiety over approaching storms. Lower Michigan had a seven-hour tornado alert and one small twister Friday that dipped into the northwestern outskirts of Kalamazoo, but injured no one. Saturday a warning came at noon and the first of 19 terrifying twisters hit some five hours later. Sunday night there was one, a baby tornado that dipped into the Menominee airport and wrecked a sheet metai hangar and three airplanes. Torrential rains were dragged LONDON CfP) Prime Minister Eden mapped government strategy for tonight's showdown parliament session on his handling of the strange case of the missing British frogman and the Soviet warships. Eden was headed for a sharp grilling in the House of Commons debate. Press Shares Spying Idea Angry leaders of the Labor opposition want to know just what retired Naval Diver Lionel Crabb a World War II hero was do ing in the icy waters of Portsmouth Harbor near the Russian warships that brought Premier Bulganin and party chief Nikita Khrushchev to Britain. When the question first came up in Commons last week, Eden said Crabb was operating "with out, authorization" and that it would not be in the nation's best interests to say more. The Russians insist the diver was spying. The British press generally has agreed. Eden said the retired naval of- Michigan Tornado Pictures Page 16 3 Die, 1 Missing As Ships Collide Big Freighter Cuts Lumber Ship in Two BULLETIN MOSCOW U) The Soviet Union announced today it is slashing its armed forces by 1,200,000 men. A government statement read to reporters at a news conference in the Foreign Ministry said also that 63 army divisions plus three air divisions, including more than 30,000 men now stationed in East Germany, would be disbanded. It also declared the Soviet Union would put 375 ships of its navy into mothballs. along by most of the twisters. Some brought hail. Streams Shoot Up Streams already swollen by recent rains shot upward anew. The Flint River' jumped over its banks at Flint, splitting the business section of Michigan's third largest city for a time Sunday. It began receding, however, and fear that an above-town dam might blow out subsided. The Grand at Grand Rapids, which, like the Flint, had forced evacuations in low-lying areas, and most other streams were able to absorb weekend rainfall and quickly return to a falling status. But scattered thunderstorms continued last night in the wake of the twisters, and occasional showers were the outlook today. In addition the Detroit weather bureau said a low pressure area moving up from the southwest indicated "a good chance" of general rain in southern counties tonight. Worst Night in Records Saturday night was the worst experienced weatherwise by Michigan in the 82 years that its records cover, the Detroit weather bureau said. But the deaths didn't approach the 17 in a series of twisters that battered western Michigan only five weeks ago, or the devas- (Please Turn to Page 2, Col. 2) In Your Paper Today . . Page Births 14 Comics 15 Crossword Puzzle 19 Editorials, Columnists 6 News Notes 7 Radio and TV 9 Regional News 5 Sports 11, 12 Stock Markets 10 Weather 2 Where to Go 2 Women's News 3 MONTEREY, Calif. UP) Three men lost their lives and two others are presumed dead as a 10,000-ton freighter sheared through a little lumber ship off the Monterey coast before dawn today. The Howard Olson, a coastwide steam schooner, en route from Los Angeles to Coos Bay, Ore., for a load of lumber, sank several hours after it was rammed and sliced in two by the much larger freighter, Marine Leopard. 22 Crewmen Rescued The collision occurred about eight miles south of Point Sur. All the casualties were from the crew of the Howard Olson. After rescuing 22 of the Olson crewmen, and conducting an unsuccessful search for the two missing men, the Marine Leopard turned back to San Francisco. It had been headed south. Two Coast Guard cutters put Tjack into Monterey Bay after jj drop. searcmng, wunoui avail, ioi uie missing men. I 'Copter Takes Off Injured I Another member of the Olson crew, injured seriously, was tak-j en by helicopter to the naval dis-1 pensary at Monterey. The Howard Olson's stern went down soon after the crash. Three hours after the collision : only the bow section of the schooner remained afloat. Coast Guard casualty figures came from the master of the freighter John B. Waterman which picked up one survivor and one body from the 55-degree water. Others were picked up by the Marine Leopard. The collision occurred at 2:53 a.m. ( FDT) . That's about 17& miles south of San Francisco and 120 miles south of this plush Mon terey Bay resort area. K. W. Anderson, officer in charge of the Coast Guard light house at Point Sur, said all he could see before dawn was the search lights of rescuse vessels and flares dropped by a Coast Guard airplane. At dawn, all he could see of the Olson was the bow section. Taking part in the rescue were the Leopard, the Waterman, a tug, an Associated Oil Co. tanker and two Coast Guard cutters. ficer was "testing underwater apparatus and refused to go into details. In the debate tonight, Laborite legislators hoped to force Eden into supplying the details. Crabb was seen swimming near the Soviet cruiser Ordzhonikidze and two accompanying vessels on April 19 the day after "B and K" arrived in Britain. He has not been seen since. The admiralty said he was "presumed dead," but didn't explain why that was presumed. Writes Mother from Hotel Gleanings of information here and there have built up this puzzling account of the events that led up to Crabb s disappearance. The diver and a "Mr.-Smith" arrived at the port of Portsmouth April 17 and checked in at the Sallyport Hotel. From the hotel, Crabb wrote his aged mother that he was "going on a job, but it's a simple mission." He told her not to worry and that he'd be back in about two days. The following day the Soviet ships pulled into port. On April 20, the Soviet commander, Rear Adm. V. F. Kotov, questioned British Rear Adm. P. W. Burnett about a mysterious frogman Soviet sailors had spotted surfacing near the visiting ships. Burnett said he knew nothing about it. A day later a British police official removed four pages from the Sallyport Hotel register, including the registration of Crabb and Smith. No Certificate Issued The British admiralty announced April 29 that Crabb had presumably died nine days earlier. It gave no details and no death certificate was issued. Russia, in an outburst of press criticism climaxed by a diplomatic note to Britain, charged Crabb was "acting in an unfriendly manner" by spying on the Ordzhonikidze and her escorts. The British stand pieced together from admiralty statements and the British reply to the Kremlin note appears to be open admission Crabb was diving near the ships . . . That he was there without permission . . . That he probably met his death there . . . That those responsible for his escapade have been disciplined. The British say they "deeply regret" the whole affair and ob viously hope the Kremlin will let Sees Democrats Still iA Doubt About Nominee tration camps within the next 18 months. He told a group of visiting French Socialists the change would leave only ordinary prisons and "corrective labor colonies" for errant Russians. Bares Red Penal Plans The official, whose name could not be disclosed, gave the French j forced deportation obviously is Socialist a rundown of Soviet designed to make the Communist victed of political, counter revo lutionary and state crimes, and to rehabilitate the innocent all by October. -Handles Like a Kiddie Car- QUAKE JOLTS CALIFORNIA PASADENA Calif. (IP) A fairly strong earthquake jarred a section of southern California this morning. (Special to the Enquirer and News) WASHINGTON Postmaster General Arthur E. Summerfield, the former Michigan automobile dealer who managed the 1952 Eisenhower campaign, advises you not to bet any money on who the 19d6 Democratic presidential nominee will be. "Returns from the primaries have been too indecisive so far," in his expert opinion. "It's simply too soon to make predictions." Mr. Summerfield gave up his post as Republican national chairman when he joined the Eisenhower cabinet, and says he'll attend this year's Republican convention in a "purely unofficial" capacity along with other cabinet members. But he still keeps an eye on the political front in his spare time and says he is watching Michigan with special interest. "With a well organized Republican campaign upstate, we will see the return to Michigan of the kind of administration President Eisenhower has given the nation," Mr. Summerfield predicted. New Sub Nautilus Has AH the Comforts of Home 2 in Every 3 Job Accidents Preventable. Savs Mitchell By H. D. QUIGG NEW YORK (IP) Being shoved by atomic power on a roller Associated Press Foreign News ; coaster ride through the depths of the Atlantic has all the comforts Analyst William" L. Ryan writes: j 0f home, if you do it on the USS Nautilus. The new Soviet Union restric-i While careening through the heavy-pressure deep at flank tions on cencentration camps and : speed in simulated wartime evasive tactics, you get no more feeling of alarm or discomlort tnan you qo in a living room ruvuug tuau. penal plans during their visit to the Tula corrective labor camp 80 miles south of Moscow. It holds non-political prisoners, such as thieves and murderers. He said the corrective labor camps would contain factories where the convicts would work. They could not be sent to outside projects as is done in the concentration camns. he explained. Already, the official said, de portation of Soviet citizens to distant sections is forbidden, except for those convicted of serious political crimes. And deportation even in those cases, he said, can come only after trial by normal court procedure. leadership popular at home and respectable abroad. It is one of a series of recent moves. The goal is to create aj favorable atmosphere for push- ins the Soviet campaign of peace ful coexistence and a broad united front with foreign Socialists, the aim being to work together to put a stop to Western rearmament The new Soviet policy and an earlier announcement that workers are free to quit their jobs indicates an eagerness of the Communist leadership to win the approval of Soviet citizens. The concentration camps and deportations . can be blamed on Stalin. Handles Like Kiddie Car And the Nautilus handles like a seagoing kiddie car as far as ease of controls goes. I tried running it myself, veering, swooping, climbing with guidance, of course, from expert officers of the nuclear powered submarine. I sat in the control room, manipulating a gadget that looks almost exactly like the half-wheel and stick that an airplane pilot uses. Forward, in the crew's mess, 54 crewmen watched a movie, "Santa Fe Passage," shortly afterwards. Up a deck, in the officers' wardroom, one of four channels of a built-in music system, which runs throughout the submarine, played jazz. History's first atomic powered vehicle, the 3,000-ton Nautilus, was put through its undersea paces which make it one of the dead liest vessels ever designee; lor navai wariare in a aeep-waier demonstration for a Darty of newsmen. We were aboard on an overnight run from Croton, Conn., to New York. The trip was 250 miles, or, "83 leagues under the sea," as Jules Verne might have termed it for his mythical Nautilus. When we reached New York Harbor yesterday afternoon, the Nautilus had traveled, during its first 16 months at sea, more than 37,000 miles without refueling. More than 21,000 miles of that distance it was fully submerged. Its submerged hours now total 1,762. It performs better and faster submerged than on the surface. The passenger gets a sensation of quiet, of little vibration, and of plenty of space to move around in. You can't look out, but the interior is attractive in pastel colors witft aaaea leatures like a coke vending machine, an ice cream maker, individually operated air conditioning for each bunk, subdued fluorescent lighting, and even TV (if you re on the surface ana near enougnt 10 a station,). The only cramped sensation is when you're boarding or leaving, when you go down or up a vertical ladder in a tiny rounded hatch. Air Is Clean, Fresh The air is clean and fresh, and at no time, even during the steepest and deepest dives, was there any feeling of compression. The air pressure stavs constant. The Nautilus can run submerged indefinitely because her power plant needs no oxveen. and that's the way she runs most, of the time. And take it from me, that's the way to travel at sea. No wavy unov-downv. After we had finished our acrobatic demonstration, we leveled out under water for the rest of the journey, and I slept on my foam rubber mattress with no more sensation of movement in any direc tion than if I had been on my bed at home. Because it can utilize space that conventional submarines use (Please Turn to Page 2, Col. 1) WASHINGTON Wt Secretary of Labor Mitchell said today that two-thirds of the nearly two million job accidents recorded last year could have been prevented through greater safety efforts. The accidents Tesulted in 14,- 200 deaths, he said. Ike Listed As Speaker Mitchell's remarks were prepared for the opening session of President Eisenhower's three-day conference on occupational safety. Eisenhower also was due to address the more than 2,000 business, labor and farm leaders. Eisenhower called the confer ence and proclaimed this week as "Job Safety Week" throughout the nation. In doing so, he said, that "an occupational accident, in the factory, on the farm, or on the construction site, has three certain results human suffering to the victim, economic loss to the employer, and waste of precious skills to the country." Mitchell said safety should be gin in the home, as an atmosphere for fostering safety on the job, and that states, communities and the public all should combine to help minimize the human and economic losses resulting from accidents. Exceed Losses in Disasters "We are shocked by newspaper headlines of a great disaster," he said. "Yet three times as many workers died on the job last year as in the Chicago fire, the Boston Cocoanut Grove night club fire, the Hartford circus fire, the sinking of the Titanic, the Johnstown flood and the San Francisco earthquake, combined." Mitchell said employers have a big stake. He cited an estimate that loss of skill means the employer's cost of a work injury to a worker is four times the cost of injury compensation. ' The labor secretary said 1955 work injuries cost the nation 193 million days of work. He said this was enough to produce 100 million refrigerators, or 200 million men's suits, or Vh. billion , pairs of shoes, or 26,000 jet bombers, a million six-room homes, or mine two billion tons of coal.

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