The New York Times from New York, New York on May 15, 1902 · Page 8
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The New York Times from New York, New York · Page 8

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i i 'V: She -S'cu ?Jor(v Stow.' - All the - News That's Fit ; to Print." ' ' ' -' '." rT-BLlaUED EVERT DAT IN THS TEAR, 'NfcW YORK, THURSDAY, MAT 15, 1JX& " OFFICES: Niw York: - '..' ... :', .r- Publication Office.. .,.'.:;.. ,'.41 Park Row ' Harlem Ocne,,,., 120 West UBtk Street . Wah!2C3tok... ...... ....815 Fourteenth Street Philadzlhia., .......... ...Philadelphia Tunes 0& ransom Street, : LONDON The Times. Printing Hon Sqttar,E.C. ..' ' SUBSCRIPTION RATES: '. iBT MAIL, POSTAGE PAHX . . tAILT. PT Week.,.. ,:.,..,;...Sft.lS PA1LX- AND 8UNDAT.-pr Witk.. ...... 0-IS AILT. pr Month. 7... . ... 0.80 DAILY AKp CWDAY. Pr Month........ 0 DAILY, per Year.. .......... ,..;V,..i.. DAILY. AND UNX)AT. par Year.......... T.M BUHDAT.' with eMarasiae end Ttoaoelal . Supplements, per Year........... ......... 1 THE NEW YORK TIMES - SATURDAY t RlVtSW. per Tear............... l.OS For poatags m foreign countries far 4Hr en Sunday editions, add f 1.00 par month.- : SIXTEEN PAGES. TE INSTABILITY OF VTXQV. ; ilr.; NutoJ need not have taken ,the trouble . to resign. , As . soon as It ap-; peered that , bo "could not control tbn Tammany organisation he waa already dethroned, rejected, out of office, an ex-:- boss. ' Ills formal resignation is nothing, - more than a paper testimony to an ex latins condition. Tammany could dls-penss with that. It to a very practical ' body.'.'. .. . ';', ' ' , V Mr. Nvcow never has ' been 'the Tarn ; many leader. There was a fatal fault In the manner, of ; his accession. "' Cbokbb made himself boss by fighting his way to the top. He imposed himself upon the rgranlxattorv punishing enemies till they subsided, rewarding friends - until they . were made JoyaL He held the post by . Virtue of his 'own ' power.. Nixox assumed to hold It by virtue of Choker's ' designation. There is no such thins as a bosr-shlp by appointment. ' Natural selection' does the thing no other process confers a valid title. In a cane of street . ragamuffins , the strongest , nd navagest fighter becomes the leader:, and so It Is ih the Tammany organisation. : It Is much to Mr. Lewis Nixon's credit that he has failed to qualify for' the place to Which Choker raised him. He is quite too much of a gentleman, too decent, too honorable, and has too much character to be acceptable to the vile and venal men ,. who reject his leadership. Crokbr tolerated their vileness and venality. . connived at It., Most persons think he profited by It, and was himself as vile and venal as the rest. Under Crokxr's Mayor there was a shameless orgy of corruption. The gains and profit reaped by the vile and venal are now exhibited In the diamonds, the raiment, the horses and carriages, the real estate purchases, And the vulgar, flashy living of soma of the chief men of that rotten administration. .. - :'-" --'.:'L 'Nixow could not get down to the level of these vile fellows,. and they knew It. That Is why' they rejected him. It to more plunder, more . opportunities for blackmail, more of the money of the gamblers, tumsellers, and dlvekeepers that they want, not reform or fine pretenses. V Choker 'himself could not make these men content with' an honest man agement ef Tammany not even if he ' were again sound in body and mind. : : ."' A TYPICAL CALUMNY. t . The syndicate, of vituperation which Senator; Doluver challenged the other day to name the case of one woman or of on ' child that "had suffered by an order of Gen. Smith In Samar ' to fertile in falsehoods and active In their dissemination.. Senator Turker of Washington read one of these slanderous Inventions in the Senate the other day, and ft appears in The . Record as a part of his speech. This particular lie attained pub licity In the form of a special dispatch to The Washington Post from Lynn, Mass., dated May 5. We quote three par agraphS from this dispatch f ' ' j " One thftuaariA Ftllnlnn nplunm platoons over the graves theniaelves bad beenf ore4 to dljt; a priest, who aeted in the dual capacity of lather confessor and General, hanged before th slaughter . of the prisoners and within their slant 8uch are gome of the charges made by J, Penwett Waljcxb, a private In Company It Sixteenth Infantry, now at Sorsogon. in the PhlilpHnes, in letters to his father, the Rev. to.. H.' Walker. D. of this City. Ha Is a IMclil inatruntnr a Ik. Gordon Missionary Tralnlna School. Boston. Private Walker enlisted at the out preaa i me rspanun war, ana was com. mended for bravery at San Juan. . The Rev; Dr. Walker has mora than a desen letter He refuses to mxk then public., however, as he says; Tha story la too fearful. My boy has written to ma as son to father, and in the face of the inquiry now going on I fear it might bring 411W iw uuuuiv. wivn nut superiors. ' ; Senator Tcrker bad the decency to say that there was grave question about the accuracy of these statements. That he believed them.' however, or was eager to believe them, and willing to do the army all the harm that could come from repeating them is proved by the fact that be incorporated the stuff in his speech. Senator Tvrner epoke on May 0, On May 8 Senator Lodge presented proof that this story of the shooting of 1.000 Filipino prisoners was a baseless fabrica tion. He produced a dispatch in which the Rev. W. H. Walker of Lynn stated that letters received front his son contained nothing but a review of the soldier's Jife In the Philippines. "In none Of the letters was any reference made to cruelty.' nor did . my son criticise ths American troops In any way." : v ; " I let that go with the rest," said Senator Lopon in dismissing the matter. There la horde of 'these inventions, a product of the diseased fancy or the ma licious and revengeful minds of unseru pulous men, seme of whom have been or are soldiers In the Philippines. The antj- imperialists scije upon them and exploit them to the utmost with a de'.Jght they make no attempt to conceal. Most read ers pf the nt,i.j:r.perlalist press and anti i .... Imperialist speeches have -undoubtedly received' the 'Impression that boys above the age of ten were actually killed In 8a-mar under Gen. Smith's order. IGSORANCBMlfp: FOLLtIir L0UISI- ' , ." ;. 'AHA. - ;,; "The Legislature and the Qovernor of the sovereign State of Louisiana are apparently determined to put a stop to the sale of mules to the British, presumably for use In South Africa. Gov. Heard's appeal to the President was fruitless, for the reason that the laws of the United States do not forbid the sale of mules and other war supplies to belligerents. It would now appear, that the State Government itself may attempt to driva out the British Army officers and break up the' purchasing station at. Port : Chal-mette. The Louisiana Legislaturs on Tuesday adopted, in both branches this concurrent resolution : . 'Resolved. By the General Assembly of the State of Louictana, that the letter of Gov. HsaRD to the Pranldent f the United States, protesting against the usa by the British Army of floor of the poru and waters of this State for the basis, aug. menution, and renewal of military supplies In the war-with the Or ansa Fraa Bute and the South African Republic, is most heart ily approved. tiea this State la urged to take any such further steps conformable to law as in his judgment may be necessary to establish anq maintain in this Stat obedience, to the law of nations and respect for the treaties of the United States. Ignorance of the law of nations, of the obligations of neutrality, and of the practice of the United States Govern ment seems to be peculiarly dense in the State of Louisiana. - The Attorney Gen eral of the State' not long ago solemnly expressed his belief that mules were con traband of war, and wrote a long- letter to -Gov. Heard advising him .that for that reason the sale of them to the British officers should be discontinued. The slightest Investigation would have shown him that the sale of contraband to belligerents is an entirely lawful transaction with which the Government has re peatedly declined to Interfere.,; - ; The authorities of Louisiana will Incur some risk in attempting to do what the Federal Government declines to do. There is no law. State or Federal, under which they can proceed against the pur chasers or sellers of mules at Port Chal- inette. Nor Is It unlawful for a citizen of the United States, taking passage for 8outb Africa as a mule tender, to enlist on his arrival there In the British Army. The allegation that Port' Chalmette is In fact a British recruiting station has been proved to be 'without foundation. . It would seem, therefore, that any deal er In mules who found his opportunity to make a profitable sale of those animals to the .British cut off by the action of Gov, Heard would have a standing in' court In an action calling upon the Governor to show by what warrant be bad interfered In his business; while any attempt to expel the British Army officers from the soil of Louisiana would bring down upon the Governor a prompt admonition front Washington that he had exceeded the law and, his authority. The public, officers of Louisiana are playing pro-Boer politics. - The farmers of Lou isiana are engaged In selling mules. . It is extremely doubtful whether they will permit the politicians to make even the beginning of an attempt to Interfere with their traded- ' - - - , CARPftT-BAG BLACKMAILERS. As the result o,f the systematic black mailing by walking delegates of every body connected wth building operations, and the unreasonable demands of the unions representing the several branches of the building trades.-Chicago is experiencing great depression in its real estate interests. - Capital has grown timid. and while the demand for high business buildings is admittedly great enough to warrant extensive undertakings In this line, the fear that such buildings once begun could not be finished without long and costly delays and at much greater cost than the estimates has discouraged loans on ventures o? this character. This enforced stagnation in an industry which should be in the enjoyment of a maximum activity has sent many of the largest building operators of Chicago to New York, and they .have built .during the last four years or" have now under construction large buildings represent Ing investments of more than $00,000, 000. . :. , -.y,rr ;' V In consequence of this transfer of ac tivKy from Chicago to New .Tprk. . the former city has ceased to offer oppor tunity for the profitable exercise of the talents . which , the walking delegates. educated la endless contentions and oon filets, have developed In such high per fectlon. The membership of the unions are learning from experience that the rein can be drawn too tight, especially when the driver Is a fool or a knave, or both, and that the net result of endless and annoying Interference . by walking delegates between employers who are trying to keep their agreements , and. workmen who are-satisfied with their work and their wages, is to send else where the capital which would willingly seek local investment If not driven away or turned into other employments. This condition deprives the professional walk ing delegates for the, present of their functions, ' and those of them who have reduced blackmail to a' science and exhausted its possibilities of profit in that city are understood to be coming to New York.. . The best field for the exercise of their, peculiar talents is found where there ' is opportunity to tie - up invest ments of one, "two, of three millions of dollars in unfinished skyscrapers. The increasing frequency of strikes on our own large buildings is attributed by those best informed to the presence and increasing activity of the walking delegates who have .followed the operators from Chicago to this city. , "' Up to the present time no attempt has been made by the contractors for high buildings, to cprabathe unon,a r resist jlE KEW YQKK; TIMES. THURSDAY, even . unreas enable demands, , , and the walking dele rates seem to have reached the conclusion that at last they have found a field of operations where the conditions a e " easy." In at. least a dosen instances work has been stopped tor louger or shorter periods on" officio buildings by Industrious walking delegates, and it every instance which we now recall t ie contractors have yielded what was de nanded, however unreason- able, rather than enter upon a conteit which might have delayed completion for months and entailed a loss of interest which the ow tiers would have found ruinous. . The 1 harp competition between the large eon tractors has made thero unwilling to ct ntest issues in which they were shrewdly made defendants one at a time, and rages in many branches of the " building trades have steadily ad-vanced until now very near the limit even of pro: perous times and an easy money mark?t for large building loans. Under any c ther conditions tbey would be lmposslbl . The wages now paid to men on tail buildings in this city are higher, than ever before.' Stone setters receive $5 ?er dayj . stonecutters $4, $4.50, and lp per day, and" brioklayera 65 cents an hour. The wages of Iron setters have! doubled. within two years. and those In pevera) other branches have doubled within three years. Less fault lis found with high wages. however, than with the inroads of tba British . ideal of H ca canny "the restrictions plated by the unions upon the disposition or industrious men to do a full day's wdrk. The standard is below that which a n ambitious man would fix for himself, a nd he can raise it only when his pay is In :reased. - For example,' if a man recelvli g $4.50 per day does as much work is one receiving $5, he is reprimanded by his associates,' and if he persists he is reported to his union for discipline. In that case his only alter native Is to (restrict his output or seek some other occupation. An instanca was lately brought to the attention of a New York contrac tor of. an industrious German who the tight that by working hard he would sect re the good-will of. bis em ployer and in slack times would be kept at work. Thi German was being paid at the rat, of $41 a day, and he performed as much work is the $5 a day men. He was reported I to the labor union, and be s cause he would not cease his Industry be was fined $KX), and finally, was expelled from the union because be was too in dustrlous. The skyscraper contractors make the olaim that If the strikes and threats of strikes contlrue capitalists will refuse to consider building operations "of" that character in Jew York." Men of weal and moneye corporations will not be wining - to ilsk having $2,000,000 , to $3,000,000 tleB up la a bunding with the probability df trouble with the . labor unions at "arty time which would delay completion . perhaps six months. Ths skyscraper contractors acknowledge that they are powerless at present to fight the labor anions! and their only basis of hope for thf future Is' that the local unions, will nbt permit a gang- of carpet bag blackmailers to ruin the business and throw thousands of workmen into Idleness. . TO DISCOURAGE ATJT0M0BIUSTS. Doubtless that Is an Interesting- an nouncement jthat certain young billion aires among the automobUlsts are proposing to eoistruct a special speedway for automobiles from some not given point on the periphery of Long Island City to some point, also not given. In the town of Hen pstead. The points are ad? yertently no: given, we are also told. lest the price of the right of way should. be put up on the young billionaires. - But It is a so true of this project that from any coi ceivable or at least tenable point of view , It Is like the crater of To suvius, Tl ere is nothing In it." We say nothing, and. neither do the billion-. aires, about the possibilities of automo biliary locomjotlon as a means of getting about, of traveling. There Is a great deal to be said, upon that head, but not from the billionaire automoblllsfs point of view. When we come to the practical point of vie of the billionaire automo- blllst about the practical advantages of locomotion bV automobile against loco motion by horse power, we find that that has been ad quately expressed. It has been express d In the anecdote which is equally suigestivt - ami . slgnlHcant. whether it bl true or only ' well fbunJ,,, of the glldedjyoutb who remarked to another gilded touth: " I see you have giw en up your iutomobnes," and to whom the other glided youth rejoined, M Yes. After alL yof can spend more money on horses.'' - What, then , are the pleasures of auto-mobllUing, f i om the billionaire's point of view? As a Jerman monographer would proceed tq p ilnt out, th,e mere physical excitement df rapid mdtlon can be at talned at lei st equally -well on an express rallroai train. It could be attained in a much higher degree by being shot out of a gui l. an experiment which, la the present ! tags of applied science, no body has beeh in a position to try twice. It is true tl at, if the shooting gallery from '. Long Island " City to Hempstead were to - be opened, that ' experiment would be brought within the reach of the hlgh-spejsd automobUlsts. But we do not believe that tbey would try It twice, certainly not three times. Assur edly they wiiuld not keep on traveling the trajectory from one terminus to the other for the! mere pleasure of velocity. No. The standard pleasures of high speed autorobblllslng are two, and .two only. They kre the pleasures of racing and the pleasures of the chase. Both these would practically be lost if the proposed speed ajar were bulft and operated. An automobile is not a horse, which feels better one dky than another, 'or under soros copdKjdns than onder other?, It If not a yacht, in which a clever skipper, 1 or luck in conditions of wind and weather, will bring out one boat ahead one dsy and the other the next. An automobile to a mechanical contrivance, and a race between automobiles a pure test of dy namics, of which one, under fair condU tlons, ahould be as good as twenty. So that the "aleatory H element In horse raees or yacht races, which gly them their interest and makes them eligible for betting, is entirely absent. - So that there can. be nothing In the speedway as a racing course for automobiles. The other interest in automobtllslng at high speed Is. not to put too fine a point upon It, the pleasures of the chase, The automobtlist is not less humans than other people, but undoubtedly he does derive great satisfaction and excite ment in seeing how closely he can miss his fellow-cltisens who are riding oy walking or driving on the same thoroughfares through which he recklessly whines. Close misses are the sweeteners of the automoblllsfs existence. He takes his risks, his risks of not clearing them and his risks of not' going fast enough, to escspe the officers of the law. When the lack goes , against him be stands ready to be fined, .' He ought to be made to stand ready to. be imprisoned or put to death by electricity or the rope. as the case may be. But the point just now. is that this excitement Is his fun, and that. If be misses (t. he- misses all that there is of. sport to autotnoblllzing, except in racing.' . . 7 : . It will readily be seen that the pro posed tunnel or -speedway from Long Island City to Hempstead will deprive rapid automobillslng of all Its charms. Ne rapid automobtlist will use the thing more than once, and then only to time of to test his machine. With no chance of beating another ' machine, and no chance of killing an old lady, -the sport will become, weary stale, flat, and un profitable, will cease to be sport at alL. The speedway may nevertheless be built The billionaire himself would not build. it, being desirous of a return upon his ln- vestment. - But the billionaire's son and the billionaire's money are soon parted.' And so the ''speedway ' for automobiles may be built. Bui U it Is built under good professional advice, It.', will prest ently be taken possession of by the public as a public highway, at a'pitlful fraction of its cost to the scions Of the billionaires. '.....' TOPICS OF THE TIKES, -Prof. PrrWa charge that the Western Union Company spends nothing in Improving Its service and treats inventors and scientists' with new ideas as if tbey were troublesome book agents. Is declared by The Electrical World and Engineer to be "pretty near the truth. It saye that recently ths greatest of American- Inventors, whose telegrapble work Is but part of his claim to fane, used language evan stronger than' that of Prof, pyrnt la describing the unprogreesivenesr et the telegraph eon pa nlaa. "With an unprogreaaiv j-t, oentlnuea The Electrical World andEngl-neer, "there has-inevitably been a stag. nsnt industry, . and telegraphy has stood still for years, although It ought to have been a prosperous and expansive ss tel ephony. ' , Much can be done to cheapen telegraphy, so that Instead of sending on message a year, the average American win sena; ten. Automatic and machine tele graphic systems of the greatest promise. tried and approved, await liberal adoption when a new crop ef business at lower rates can be created, and telegraphy anee more come again to Its own." Th writer of the article found hopes of a changed policy and better days to come on ths new man agement of the Western .Union, and says that CoL Clowrt will cause much dlsap- pelntment It he does not sets bis great op portunity to raise American telegraphy put of ths rut Into which It has fallen. We all rkoow that It costs too much to use th tele graph, and that a vast amount ef tim is wasted la th delivery of messages. . Despite the laborious courtesy which has as yet marked sU the " document In the controversy between President Butler and Prof. WoooBxaaT, on ' cannot but gather by reading between th -lines of th various statements that an emphatic, If not outer, antagonism has ctyeiopecUin the Columbia Faculty. Th phrases used are suave, but they raise nothing less than the issue of veracity, and between men like these, occupying the positions they do, that is extremely serious. . There seems, how ever, to have been a change of attitude by each of the contestants since the trouble arosa, and from this fact may arise possl bly the appearance of disingenuousnes to which each side gently, calls the other's attention. That publio sympathy, like that of th undergraduat body; to with Prof. Woodbeert cannot be questioned, , and president sutler's effort to prove that this sytnpatBY Is 'founded pn a. mlsunder standing of the circumstances has not been successful. Outsider, too, note with in tereat that those whom rumor charges with Jealousy of Prof. Woopberrt have In ths past found time for doing a 'large, and la some Instances amaatng, amount of profit able work, all more r less admirable In Itself, but with no visible relation to univer sity instruction. Prot " Woodserrt. on the other hand, while not lesa industrious than his colleagues, has confined the exer cise of his talents within narrower limits to be frank, within thoas covered by bis title' and his ' salary, Herein, it may be. lies an explanation of the. high apprecia tion in which be la evidently held by the students who have profited by his undl vlded attention.: This, of course, is a very delicate feature of the case, but in som quarters ther is an inclination to regard It a not leas important than interesting. The participants In the unfortunate dis cussion are conducting It with fun realisa tlen of the dignity they have to maintain. and may confidently be expected soon to arrive at a settlement honorable to them selves and satisfactory to the public W observe with not less grief than surprise a picture which appears in this week's Issue of Harper's Weekly. It portrays Gen. Palm a as a barefooted peas ant, sitting oy a tree m a Jungle, a bowl of soap suds in bis Up, and at his lips a slay pip from which he la blewtng a big bubble Inscribed MThe Cuban Repub lic. Now. with a seriousness , which. though profound. Is non th iaaa affectionate, we would ask our neighbor If It think that a politic, a courteous, or evan a decent - presentation of. th task which the General has undertaken, of his qual ifications for performing that task, or of th condition iq whlch it must be per formed. -In our-opinion the publication of this picture at just this tims was In th worst of test, and illustrates those traits of character. -usually called Anglo-Saxon. which so needleastr complicate and embit- I ter ths relations of Latin tnd non-Latin HAY- J1- people. Gen. Talma la a man of birth and education, and would be a man of fortun were It not for his sacrifices as a patriot. The Government of whleh h Is about to be th Chief Executive . may or may not be a permanent on. He, however, probabty ss well as sny man slfve . understands ther temperamental and Industrial difficulties thst- Government wll encounter, snd. whether h. hopes or fesrano doubt he does both be Is not engaged In bubble blowing. Nor Is the' Cuban Republic a bubble. It .may not last, but there to not a Uttl solidity about It. and rarely Indeed haa a new nation entered upon Its career under auspices so propitious. In Its' favor ar a hundred advantages thst were lacking when our own experiment' la self-rule began, and even If It geta along but HI r a while, the record may ettll compare well enocgh with that of th time which all tudent of onr history know and which to so utterly different from ths legend In out scboolbooks, sscrlbing flawless Vtrtui to all ths founders of the Union. : Several of our readers have pent us letters which ahow that they ars worrying much themselves, and want to . worry others, over. what would happen in New York if It war visited by a velcanla eruption or a great earthquake. . The xiateno of our tall building troubles thm moat of all. and som of thm seriously propose the passage of restrictive laws, based on the possibility of a cataclysm of natur In this neighborhood. W do not think It Worth while to publish these letters. Reasonably, and almost necesaarlly, humanity In all lands adjusts Itself tq ordinary conditions. Constantly t keep in roiad, n building and living, the extremity of conceivable danger would impose unendurable Inconvenience and render existence a torture. People whor forget thi ar now scolding th inhabitants of 8U Pierre for calmly realding St th foot of a mountain which hall once or twto within historic times shown a slight disposition- to misbehave Itself. Such criticism 1 absurd. St.- Pierre waa a city where no Insurance company would have hesitated to Issue policies on eTther Uf oy property, snd the advantages, commercial, agricultural, and-other, of living' Just ther far overbalanced : the -chance that Montague. Pelee would wake from her long a!ep, Unless the Island to absolutely ruined by the present eruption. It to pnictlcally .eerr tain thst fit. Pierre will rise again from Its ruins, for th arguments, that' led to . Its establishment there will remain as strong as they were before. As for New York and Its tall building; both are quit aafe enough for all practical human purposes. What would happen to a " skyscraper " if It were rocked by a aever earthquake re mains to b demonstrated first, perhaps, Jn San Francisco, in spit of the partial demonstrations aTrssdy . had. Possibly enough the consequences wU be very serious, but the chances ar that structures the essential elements of which ar elaatie steel beams strongly bolted together would endure a lot of aha king. Our timid friends are infinitely more likely to be run over by a street car or killed by a dropping sign than they are to be hurt by aa earthquake or a volcano, but aurely they do not suggest th abolition of street cars or algae. ' Milk on. Boarding House Tables. T the Editor ovfaa Xetc Tor riin; The raid on milk dealera by Inspectors of th Health Department, aa reported in Saturday's Tntaa, should suggest to the thousands pf New Yorkers who live la boarding houses that the authority of the Health Department over th milk supply of th city ahould bo increased so as to allow Inspectors to examine milk as found upon dining room tables In boarding houses. In six yeara experience aa a boarda In away house between Fourteenth , Street en 4 Harlem I bav found skimmed and watery mUk to be the rule rather than th exception. An occasional treat to milk-colored water on the breakfast table could, pf course, be laid to the dealer, but when it Is forced on one as a regular diet month in and month out it looks as though It ware beyond the department and M up to th boarding house mlstreaa." Stale milk from th M grocery around th corner" la also a relish the boarding house victim Is frequently subjected to. Can the Health Department find or create a clause In Its rules of guidance for th preservation of th publle health whereby the above complaint may be remedied? BOARDER,' ' New York. May XX 1001 - ' . Rural School Garden. - , to the tutor at f Ken rrs nan: , Th mental processes of our 200.000 American country School Boarda seem like thi mills of th god In at least on particular r they grind exceeding slow1: Th voluminous and conclusive reports by eye-r witnesses of the successful and beneficial adoption of rural school gardena by every ther enlightened - nation, and even the well-eatabUshed like educational equipments In certain American city suburbs, disturb not the stolid equanimity of th men who hold the destinies of America's eleven million country school children in their keeping! GEORGE HENRY KNIGHT, formerly a " country School Director In Ohio and Kentucky. . . New York. May 11 1903. What to Do with Drunkards. ' To tk mtttr Tim York Timtii I would suggest that as saloons furnish material far much lawlessness, disorderly conduct, and crime, alt of their customers, inflamed by liquor. Incapable of restraint, and lunatics for th time, should be quarantined in said saloon and kept there until public safety can b assured In releasing v wouia not men oe- norrineq ty re-ort of these wretched maddened animals ports ef these wretched msddened animals returning to their so-called homes to wreck. peat ineir wtvea. cnppie their children, and their wlvea. cripple their children, and fiu .wuituii iiium.r imv in. TrncBi willy. Mrs. WILLIAM HALSTED CRANE. New, York. May, 13. 1902. . . v - NUGGgTS. , ' . Marrying, for Money. ' When a girl marries for money very Often she has to make th divorce court her collection agency. Baltimore Herald. - . ' . . ..- Cautious Patient. ' M I see you pay your doctor's bills by check and send it by mall." - ' " Sure. If I took him the money he might charge me for another vUlL" Cincinnati Commercial Tribune. ' -....- - .. ,1 The Field of Danger, Greene Some folks fancy that golf is a dangeroua gam. - Do you think (.her Is any danaer In It? Gage I had two friends who got enrared r ui age-the on the golf link last season Boston tr.n. script, ' --. No Compulsion.. . Say, ma! " Yes, Reginald. Kin any little boy be President when h grow upj yea. k atnald. . . "But, ay, ma." . ' - Yeal Reginald." ''He don't have to. If he'd ruther be a first baseman. News. ooea he? "Indianapolis : -. A DOLLAR AND A DAISY. Prank TU'Staatoa la Atlanta Oooetttntloa. A dollar over yonder, and a daisy to th dew. -And w heart to for ths daisy, but I need the dollar, tool - Tor the Iron-aja will hold - Nothing dearer than It gold- A dollar Is th bread, o Ufa; a daisy's kiss to cold I A dollar ever yonder, and a daisy In the - dew. And my heart to for th daisy, but the dollar flame In view; For the Iron-age will frown ' On a daisy In Xove's crown. And laugh when Love go sighing where it tramplea dalales downl A dollar over yonder, -where Hunger lesa must tread; And the daisy of sweet singing will not bring the famished bread! - . O th iron-age la bold. And a Winter night is cold The starving Hps must all b fed the lambs must find the fold . , . . . ' 3 - . . ! v" ' ': Ii'KlEEY COLLEGE CORNERSTONE LAID President Roosevelt Takes Part in American University Ceremony. Refers to tha Fact that Hit Dead Pred-tcestor Was Methodist Sen--tr Hanna's Speech. , ' WASHINGTON. May li.-In the presence of a large audience. President Roeeevelt today laid the cornerstone ef th MeKlnley Heaaorlal Ohio College of Government, of the Amertaan University, situated a few miles outsld this city, la th northwestern part of ths District ef Columbia. When completed the building will be devoted t studies embracing diplomacy, municipal government, arbitration civics, and international Uw, On th platform besides the President were Secretary of Agriculture Wilson. Secretary Hay, Senators Hanna and Dolllver, Representative Pugsley of New York. Secretaries Cortetyou sad Loeb, Bishop Wlllard F. Mai lalleu of Massachusetts, 1L.B. F. Mac Far-land, President of the Board ef District Commlsslanrra, and men prominent In educational and church work. ' - Th ceremonies war opened by a hyma written for the occasion by the Rev.. Dr. J. . Rankin. President of Howard University . Res penal re readings frosa the Proverbs and prayer by the Rev. Joseph F. Perry. D. -, of Chicago, followed. Senator Dolllver of 'Iowa spoke briefly of the life and character of the late President Me-Klnley, .and said that it.wa fitting that bla name abould be connected with a school of "political science, because be was not only great -as a statesman, but ho waa greatest la bla comprehension ef th bum-bl duties of American citizenship.. . Senator Hanna waa th next speaker. He said:. This to Indeed a very Interesting ooca. sioa to mo. Its associations bring up memories. The laying of this cornerstone, th foundation of this temple of learning to bo builded by the publlc-eplritad men of my native Slat, to consecrated to the memory of her dearest son. William McKlniey. Applause. Pile up your marble, and vry stone. will raarx an Incident la his Uf. of his devotion to humanity and bis fellow-men. Applause. Crown it In too glory of its completion and bo wUl look down from on high and bless your noble work. President MeKinley was deeply Interested la this enterprise, end It was owing to the Inspire tton of his belief that the people of Obi war atlrred to make tb realisation of it to meet his view and wishes, it waa to him thst w looked for our leader, not only in thought, but In example. Hla Interest in thia university was not because It belonged to a sect of which he wss a member, out It was because of bla devottpa to all public institutions that contribute! to the development ef his countrymen. He waa proud of tals beautiful city, where be had spent ths best part of his life. " Taat cornerstone baa beneath It a foundation more ensuring than granite it is Immortality (applause) and taat was the foundation of Mr. McKlniey a life. (Applause. Upon this eubjeci 1 cannot apeak as I would, my friends. The memories which com to me on aa occasion Ilk this ar too painful to dwell on. "Our martyred President I her to-day. In spirit, and if that sacrifice were needed that we might eearch our hearta to learn wherein w could do higher and nobler deeds If that example were necessary to inspire the young men of this country to broader and more liberal and higher motives of social and Govern mental ule. then, indeed, 'Hla will., pot ours, p done, Loud applause.. Commissioner MacFarland, Dr. F. M. Bristol, who waa President McKlnley's pastor, and Bishop MaJlalleu followed with brief addressee. 1 Th speechmaking closed with a' brief ad-dress by President Roosevelt, who saldi - " Ladies and Geatlemeat I am- to say bat on word. Nothing mors need be aald than baa been said already by these who have addressed - you this afternoon the statesmen who worked with McKlniey and the pastor under whose ministrations be sat. "'It 1 Indeed appropriate that the Method Is ts of America the men belonging to that reJlgiou organisation which furnished th pioneer in carving out of th West what la now the heart of the great American Republic ahould found this great university In th lit of Washington and Should build th college that la to teach the Science of government a the name of th great exponent of good and strong government who died last fall; who died aa truly for thia country as Abraham Lincoln himself, f Applause. ) ".I thank you for having given me the opportunity ibis afternoon to come before you and to lay the cornerstone of thia building.' (Applause.) The President then, with trowel in hand, threw In the mortar and tb atone was lowered slowly Into position. The Doxology was sung at the President's request, and th service cloned with a benediction by the Rev. Dr. H. R. Naylor of Washington; At a session or the Board of Trustees held to-day. resolutions wer passed pro- ylding for the laying of plana for the rals- ing of additional funds to- complete the building. .... v ELECTION OF. ACADEMICIANS. - - 1 s Officers and New Members, Including '. . . One Woman, Chosen. " At the annual election of officers at th Natjonal Academy of Design . yesterday th following wef-e elected: President ysederle Plelman, . Vlee Presldeat-J. O. Brown. . ' Corresponding Secretary 11. W. Waltreoa. . heeerelas Secretary William H. Low, " . Treaaarer Lor kw cod D Forest. . Mr. Low was elected to fil ths vanancy caused by the retirement ef George H. Srnillle, after ten years of aervtc. The following members of council were elected: Francta C Jones. Oeorg H. JewelL Irring B. Wile. . Herbert Adams, A- C Hewlaad. . ill, QlffadP . . The election of th . following new academicians, in order to maka out a hundred, to which the academy is limited, but below which number up to this time they had always been, resulted aa follows t B. A. Asaey, ' Thomas Eaklas. J. W. Alexander, . Cecelia beaux. Henry Walker, v Mlsa Bean is th only woman member oT the academy. Th following new a asocial members were elected: Bits e Barrtsoa, ' - Charles Niehaae. Milton Lockwood. Elliott Denser field. George O. Barnard, Albert-Ryder, eeeph be Camp. - tVUllam OeAaey Brace. The annual luncheon was served at 1 o'clock, after which the members went Into executive session. At I o'clock th annual dinner was served in th parlor of th academy. On Friday evening, prise will be awarded to the students ol the academy fee drawings now on exhlbtlon in th rooms. . , MR. PALMER'S PROPOSED PLAN, The Chicago Millionaire Swajtrted a Ptopli'a Pglaci for That City. CHICAGO. May leWtnth th filing- of th will of th late Potter Palmer la made public a codicil relating to a project by which Chicago would have been much benefited In certain contingencies. - . When the deceased and hla family were leaving for a trip abroad about four yeara ago the testator contemplated th emergency that they might all meet death together (a sosas disaster, la this event Mr. Palmer provided that one-half of his s-. tat should g to establish sa Immense people's paUoa, where free opportunity should be given to the people of Chicago for enter, talnmcnt and recreation. Th rest be bequeathed la equal proportion to hla callateral heir and if,-Palmer'e collateral heirs. There Is no suggestion la th will that this scheme be now carried out ' "Spinning Oay" at Cornell, --ITHACA. - May 14,-The Cornell senior clsss Inaugurated "Spinning pay at the university to-day. It waa latanded to mark the end of boyishness - by members ef the class. To-morrow, la accordaao with euatom. cape and gowns will be worn tor the first tljne. and thia year, for the first time, the Kaoulty also will adopt cap and gowns for commencement day. Th fft. aYoopl'tX ,Prt W 109 GRADUATES U DIVl.'.iTY. Dlplsmas and Degrees Conferred at tha Commencement ef General Theo , ' logical Seminary, - Commencement exercise of tb General Theological Seminary la Cbelsea Square Were 'held yesterday in the chapel of the institution. Dean Hoffman had so far re covered from his recent Illness as to pro-side. In th long procession of Trustees, Faculty, visiting clergymen, and students which marched across the campus were Bishops Doene of Albany, Seymour f Springfield, 11 L; HIH of Vermobl Talbot of Central Pennsylvania, Francis of Indiana-Walker of Western New Tors, Worthing, ton of Ketrakn. end Coleman ef Delaware, tnshop Walker, who distributed th eU- Llomaa. startled some by the brevity of la address. " " I am not going- to make a long apeerh to you." said Be. Tb only thing I wiaht to say en this oceaaioa Is ' pax vobtcua! ' Bishop Coleman, however, spoke at greater length. Following are the members of the grade uatlng class: .1 LlorS Baebera SVett KkMer. Charge blaiadelL mvi Money Hasea Kaen, t raakllnieeae Itoeanaa I Charles Albert llrewa. William BUerep ' Ma- CUilaa. Anher litimm Wa 1-nlllp Coo. waiter atnraeu, Aaerua Maekae Porter.' A lb-t Beth Cooper. Brerard Waaeatoaeorre "Kerch HI Baitac. 'UaBiel. jHobeet v(l Koe. Oeorge Crawford DBn-Stieen Dea Sbsrssaa. - P. j Jr.. D a a a Me Pearson Preset Certta SenKn. Oeana. . tHenry Capen Staeatoev Jimui Mltthaa Harper. Harrey Peter Waiter, rraarte Crtet UuW. u. Cbarlea White. Jamea Willlaai Jackson.'BelaaM None WBV Jeha Cart Jagar, 1 rea. hufae Hortea Joaea. ;7toter Child Wtleem. Itooert yerdlaaatd Kene-KArlacma, Andrew Jiea, see, I la addition honorary degree of Doctor of Divinity were bestowed oa the Right Rev. Cameron Marn of North Dakota and th Right Key. Charles S. Olmetead of Coh . ratio, while th following former at odea (a of (he seminary received J be degree etc Bachelor of Divinity: The Rev. Gwetav Arnold rarsteneae, TUveedala. The Rev. Whartee J add. kayo Fallow, Oea era I Tbeoiogiral ttrannary. tm Iter. Motto TlMicaas Ha Th Rev. S C Th Rev, vll to. at. J. Albert Sidney Fvretval Matwoa Weed, Peseaid. The Rev. Past Otoee Taanarata. TeWe. Japan. Thm Bee. Eerie Hoeser Merneaaa. New Terk. Jl-ha Ker. Edward Henry achlaeter. Lewletae At the conclusion of these exercise the procession marched to the northwestern part of the college grounds, where Bihos Worthlnrton laid the Cornerstone of While Mia II. which is to bear Its name In honor VVlf IM.VlS... 4.ll If. U'VII. . Tim. ,. v. . T III J I T Irl MANHATTAN TRANSIT COMPANY; . - . i Incorporated with a Capital of fltLOOOr- 000 Men Named aa Directors of : tha New Concern. A LB AX T. May H. Th Manhattan Traa. sit Company, with a capita! stock of 16, OOO.Wia, waa Incorporated to-day with tha Secretary of State. , . The principal office Is to be in New Tork City, and the Directors for the first year are Michael Gavin, second: Harold 'Walker. AlfredL. Cartls. Mark Hyman. Herbert W. Fisher of New Tork. and Rom A, Mackey and 3. Clinton Walker of Brook lyn. Th certificate states that the company ta formed to deal la and acquire cars, coaches, and other vehicles, and movable equipment, propelled by ' horse or other power, to carry freight and passengers, and) to deal la contrivances snd devices ta con , ncctlon with such business. - The company also assume-the right to hold, maintain, and operate factories, mills, power houses, livery stable. Ac, and to deal 1a rights ta respect to machinery and tnrenUoos pertaining thereto. '".' ' ' . ' Almost sll the incorporators ar employes In the office of Reed, Simpson. Thatcher A Baraum. attorneys at law, wne have aa office q the sixteenth floor ef the Broad Exchange Building. Her absolutely ail information waa refused. A young man, who did., not glv his nam. - but .who aald he knew all about the matter, declined to say who tb men back of the ewmpany were. Asked who the Incorporator were, be ad, mttted that they wer mostly clerks la th Office. ' . Well." asked the reporter. - who la, fog Instance. Mr. Rosa A Mackeyl Just then aa -office boy with a bundle of -papers, . who looked pot over seventeen. passed oy. - That," aald the young- man who know alt about It. -Is Mr. Mackey. Thomas B. Reed. ex-Speaker ef the lower bouse of Congress, who is the head of th firm, wss asked whether It was possible t get some Information about the com. -pany. " Well " he answered. aot from , because 1 don't know anything about . The young man. who knew all about It but would not telt. declined to confirm or deny that the company waa ta take th. place of th General Carriage Compear or that it had any connection with It. lr fact be declined, aa h aald. "to confirm or deny anything. ; . BUILDING . CODE VlOLATIOf.. i Work Stopped en Parte ef tha New 8U Regis Hotel aa Firs-Proofed Wood Wat Nat Used.-Superintendent Stewart of th Bureau ef Bulldlng haa discovered . violations of tha Building Coda n the construction of the new Astor hotel called th St. Regis, i coarse of construction at Fifty-fifth Street nd Fifth Avenue. .Th bote! to belna constructed by prlvat cootracta with the Astor estate, and Is to ho a twenty-story structure. ' . . . . j Superintendent Stewart has been Invest!-' ' gating ths work oa the hotel for over three weeks. After receiving reports, frosa Inspector Ewtng and several other experts be prohibited the continuance of some of the work, snd placed a violation oa tha building. . - The records of the Building Department abow that Section 105 of the RuiMm, was being, violated. This section provide max tn ail aotel and buildings over 1 feet In height the Interior of the bunding must be constructed of fireproof material. Superintendent Stewart aald yesterday that he had discovered that wood, which had not been fire proofed properly, had been used, and In consequence the us et the material bad been prohibited. He said: " The work on parts of thia betel ban been stopped by my orders, and It wul not be continued until 1 era convinced that the law la no longer violated. The doors and auch wood atuffs are supposed. to bo thoroughly flreproofed. but they have not been, and It would snake the bote dancer-out If such construction wss allowed. I b".'7 th,in rrw past auch overlooking rJt Building Code baa been aUowedV but I will not allow it. and will stop tho work until they get the proper material. -and replace what haa already been put la," . $20000 FOR BRYN .MAWR. Henry O. Havemayer Contribute Ta. ' 'ward tha Fund Upon Which John D. Rcktfllr'8 Gift Is Conditioned. ' ' ' PHILADELPHIA. May- Is Henry Q. flavmyer at New Tork. whoa daughter t a student at Bryn Mswr College, has subscribed 120,000 to the t250.GO) fund now being raised by th Institution to meet tha roaditloaal fZiO.000 gift of John D. Kocke- lener. Mr. Rockefeller, oa Dec 3. 10m, announced to President M. Carey Thomas that he would give 5o,00a for the erection of a dormitory and a general heating end electric light plant, provided the ce4-lege could oblaln by commencement day. June i. mtl. cash or satufartcry g-uarl antee to the amount of fc0 0m it mrt a library and lecture room Of thia amount the truateea and alumni throughout the country hare obtained Tha " Prtatdency ef Stevens Instituted Cot Edwin A. Steven haa been mis-tloned aa a poaaible Pnstdeat of Bteveps Institute of Technology, to s'jeeeed. Dr. Henry Morgan, CoL Stevens to A son of Edwin A. Stevens, who ostaKished- and endowed the Institution In IMi. lie ha had experience in railroad and . Joanne linea. Alexander C. llurophreye of New 7, . ns . else been mentioned. - Mr. Humphrey was graduated from Elevens in iNM. He ia now tha permanent alumni trtriL,V. T.b tr', tH meet to Select a President some time la Jun.

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