The New York Times from New York, New York on May 1, 1870 · Page 3
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The New York Times from New York, New York · Page 3

New York, New York
Issue Date:
Sunday, May 1, 1870
Page 3
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VTTva'' -YcX -t'YtX we Utfr'll&TOL" TjTeJl, M M to off th dreadfuTdrip of poverty. And. beside. onetaatomei to Iiything--Teu to tie shrill tongue of a acoEling woman. Moreover, the villagers, not hwg seen much of l'?" .J father pleased than otherwise, with th boxes, and would easily endnr what to tut U intolerable. I should thus have some society ana mum haniin company without any intruders." frost a new work by tke Author of "I'rietuk in VvunciV ' t isaBaawa JOHN CHIHAUAN. If one meets a CLin.iman at worV, lie may look up, oi he may not ; but in either case be will any. M Hello r cr " Hello. John T and a imperturbedly on with hie business. His attempts at the English are hazardous to the letter r. which be. iu common with the Japanese, p-rsu-ts In pronouncing an if it were L He savs. for instance, an lie xigxW along under the burden of hi for his opinion of Kan Francisco boys and down, there would be a queer mixture of the Bathetic and ludicrous in bis answer : o saveyiboy: no likeo doc; too rum-h bitee Chinaman. It ia a shameful fact that the dogs have been set on poor John by heartless boys, till it baa become an inherited instinct of the Kan Franciacocanine to attack Chinamen. And it ia no uncommon thin? to be startled, asvoucoin through aome .qnict street, by sudden tcrrined screarus and by the quick apparition of a Chiiianum and his basket making hastily around a corner, his sleeves, pantalooiin and pig-tail Dying in the wind, and a urn II harmless, insignificant cor in hot and noisy pursuit. It in no easy matter to get at exactly vrbat thc-C'hinaiiien of the Pacific coast liclieVte; bnt it niust be that the Hndhism and Tau-isni of the "Central Kingdom" become somewhat modified 111 truiisjiorf atinn acrofs the sea. " There are fewer idolu in their .temples than are fouud in the onlinary temples of China. Tho principal image to 1- sceii ia the California t.-i; '!e IB t lint of 'Josh," who by some in aid t be tho Chinese devil. Whether Goil or devil; however, there be sits, with great, unsiiiipcly head, long nuisUche, and 11011-deioiiM liaruol lditnlwi tine toiimcb, iminT-tiirbahlo iu bis paiuto.1 efolid majesty, receiving tlie conciliatory incc-nso which is hurnt-fl constantly before hint. There are wvernl of these temples in San Francisco, and tlio amount of racket made by the fiie-crackero shot off iu honor of propitiation of "Josh," uii the three days and niahts of the Chinese New Year, or other festival occasion, ia the caue of untold annoyance, and, 1 fear, of a great ileal of blasphemy on the part of thoCaucasian resident a ot the immediate neighborhood. There ia a tory that Moiue oi you may have heard before, but which I tshall venture to .reneat here, aa illutitiatinK tlio lamentabl igtioi-ance of these aor pafraus with rei;urd to tiio aai-rcd charac ter of the Great Head of our religion. A Chinaman and a Jew had oceu-biou U ditpiite ou butiio matter of trade. It waa not long till they were-both anpxily "abonihg each Other at the top of their voices, and to the ntter limit of their knowledge of the English lauguaKe. "to uoip m.r KracionBr' finally paid the Jew, " I have not seen ho great a rathkal aah vat you lhh !" lo which tho Chinaman rejoined, with nch nnexpected and-trenchant force aa to cloae the colloqny : "Oh! you no goodee man! you kill Aineli-can mau'a 'Johu!'" l heie in auothcr instance which, perhaps, bntter illu8traten ' the Hpiiiinal blindness of the olive-tingiMl heathen liovrjn onr very iuukt. Nothing but hiH alinoaKlathetic ignorance would have excused the irreverence of Johu'd part of the lolluwing dialogue : "Uut,'' Kiiid a Judge of a back-mountain dint! ic tot California who wiik anxiotm to get the tiutu out ot a Chinaman, wuoho teu-tiuiony, thoua not then strictly leal, waa 1 'vast importance in itcane "but.Isir, do - you kuow the meaning of an oath f '"O.i, yea," rei.licd Joan : "me eavey "You dot Then what is the p-nahy I mean, what will happen to you it you Hsear wliat is not true V " W eli,'' Raid John, "'poKC me slwear um lie. Jesnte Chi is gib me heap o' trouble!'' The Cuine; theatre is iu some way connected with their religion; for "Joku" has a aeat'and colored lights just over the pro-eceuium. The plays are mostly of a historical character, and, in some instances, are aid to hurt six months long. Tlie first installment of mich interminable dramas commences with the enacted birth of the hero ; and the last must necessarily end with hii death or apotheosis J ho Httcr Monthly. Fasti mes os Board an Indian Steameb. Few are. the voyagers upon that Eastern route who are adventurous enough to propose any active amusement in the early portion of the day. Before breakfast the Ladies do not appear, and up to that time those of the male sex are sufficiently employed in struggling for their bath and through their dressing performances. After breakfast ensues a period of calm repopo, wherein it is necessary for the smoking section to indulge iu cigar or pipe, while the other section dozes over a novel or a piece of fancy work. Lunch brings this period to a termination, but. possibly, only to inaugurate a now regime -of pipe, cigar, novel-reading, and general drowsiness. But after dinner, and sometimes after lunch, people think of what is to be done to amuse themselves utter a gregarious maimer. Croquet played with flat discs instead of balls is introduced for the exercise and relaxation of the fair sx ; and quoits, bowls, and hull answer tlie same purpose (besides stimulating a lit Jo quiet gambliuKl with the ruder sex. Quoits, it may be observed, is tho laud game, onlv that the quoit is a circular piece of rope, and the object aimed at a pail. Bowls is nothing hut the nine-pins played on shore; and bull is a game tho players in which try to score a cer- tain number (H) or 100) by tuiowiug leadcu discs covered with canvas into squares that are nuulered one to ten. The bull-board is. however, divided into twelve squares, and, while the uuuibers'ono to ten occupy ten of thee, the remaiuiug two squares are occupied by a bull's head. The bull s head squares are two of the easiest to be made, and the result of making them (i. t.,ct lodging tho disc in either) is that ten are taken olf the score of the thrower.- Theso are tlie recognised athletic sports of the 1. and O. steamer these are to the Anglo-Indian voyager what tho cestus and the chariot were to 1 he yonng patrician athlete ot ancient tireece and it only occasionally happens that they are inter la rded by games culling for a greater display of ouergy and stieualh". Jr'i tier's Wokdsw ohth's Foetky. It will never be popular, that is to say, it will never be read as Scorr is read, as Cvkox ia read, aa Tkx-xyson is read. You need no eye but an eye for the picturesque, no soul but a soul for the strong passions of our nature, to read AfarMioM, CaU nnld. the Cormir, and the Idyll cf A A"tff, but to read Wokiworth, words." lake the h ktle Itor of UyUlvHr. To read that, you must stnd the soul in upon herself; you must thiuk nothing of gcoTT or how cott would have worked np a ircuu iiilB- urwiiyiiiiu yotl HiUtft think less of Btkox. "It starts from a high point of imagination," an Wouus-. woKTii said, criticising the poem 1 to-- ward the close of his career, when he had ' roast d to flunk of literary fame except as the dream of his youth, to toe realized if st -all, two or three generations hence, "aud come ronud, through various wanderings of that faculty, to a still higher nothing less than the hypotheo&isof the animal who gives the first of the two titles to the poem. And poem thus begins and ends with pure and lotty imagination, every motive and im-. petns that actuates the persons introduced is from the same source; a kindred spirit Iadt. and is inteudedto harmonize the wnole. Throughout, object (the banner, to instance) derive their influence, not xrom properties inherent ia them, not from what they are actually in themselves, bat from such as are bestowed upon them by the minds of those who are conversant with or aflected by those objects. Thus, the poetry. If Hhere be any in the work, proceeds, as it ought to do, from the soul of man, comma-Bleating its creative energies to the images f the external world." Of coarse, thia is not the sort of poem to be taken up and read in a careless way after dinner, like Scott's or Byron's. It m a poem to be studied as a .work of thought and a work of art; bnt those w ho read Wokdsw oktii in thia spirit mate file poetry part of tneir nature, rank witn ana oh a atwuASutm and bamboo - pole ana pcnuui, iMiMn v list, and vegetable 1 .fe,.t upon riling to every comer, "Fishy, lock-biv ! "meaning roefc-hsh;-" belly good lock-..., v ?.-. is tinneMt itinerant were asked speak of his genius with the deepest reverence aud affection. These of course are. and alwaya wfll he, a narrow and select circle of readers. Wojuja-wokth's poetry is, and probably always will be. caviare to the multitude. Ail his poems taken together, his Lyric, his Prtludr his Hordtrrr; bis H'hite Jjoe of RyUlome, aud his JCxeurtion, dM not bring him in the long coarse of bis life what Sorrrr and Byron received for the worst of theirs. " The whole of my returns." be says, writing to bis friend Archdeacon Wkangham. I do not say net profits, but returns fiom the writing trade, do not mount to seven-score pounds; and, except Milton celling his manuscript of l'at udite Lout for tho price of n newspaper article, I know nothing more touching m the hiwtory of literature than Wo Kins worth's reflection toward tlie clone of bis career: "I hae Ltijored hard through a long life without more pecuniary emolument thuu a lawyer gets for two special retainers, or a public performer sometimes for two or three stings." Yet this, as Wokkhwokhi knew, was the price he must pay for . immortality, if lie wislied to bae bis chances of enduring l.i me on a theory of poetry too high for the critical intelligence of uisown day ; and he never tl inched from the terms of his bond. His ambition was to be either considered a teacher, as he believed all great immms to be, or nothing ; and ttiat ambition, alter a struggle, bo ttas realized. He met the scorn of criticism with scorn. He bad but one answer lor his assailants : "Let the age continue to love its own darkness ; I shall continue to write with, I trust, the light of heaven upon me." But that was enough. His genius has vindicated itself ; and tue immortality he looked tor is bis. Ckaiubtrf Journal. Shaking Hands. To present the left hand fur the purpose of a friendly greeting is a piece of discourtesy sometimes intentional on the part of superiors iu rank to their inferior, and an act that no true gentleman will commit. There is no reason why it should be considered more discourteous than it would be to kiss the left cheek instead of the lik-'l.t; bnt, doubtless, the custom that makes the riuht hand imperative in all t-inccre ealutatt-ju dates from those early tunes when liaud-tihakiug first began; uini tlie band that shook or was bliuken in friendship was of necessity weaponless. The poor kit hand that one would think oiifcht to lie ( f an much value and strength as tlie right, just as the It-It foot or lev is as strong as the right foot or leg, because they are botti used equally, h&3 fallen into disrepute, as well as into compilative disuse, until it has become an accepted phrase to say of any proceeding that is inauspicious, aitfnl, sly, or secretly malicious, that it is siuistcr" that is. left-hauded. lo shake bauds without removing the glove is an act of discourtesy, which, if unintentional and thoughtless, requires an apology .for the hurty or inadvertence which led to it. This idea would also seem to be an occult remnant of the old uotiou that the friove might conceal a weajKiu. Hence true courtesy and friendship required that the hand should be naked as a proof of bona tides. To re lose pointedly to shake bauds with one who oilers you the opportunity iu a friendly manner amounts to a declaration of hostility. And after a quarrel or act of open hostility, the acceptance of the hand ottered is alike the sign and rat Un a t ion of peace. All the bear Hound. Rig iit-H a niedx ess. I f asked what part of the human body seems chit fly aflected by advancing civilization, I should be inclined to reply that it is the right hand. At first sight the four-handed mammals might be thought to have an advantage; bnt because fonr hands are employed both for prehension and locomotion, while in man there is one pair of organs for each, man's two hands are worth more than the ape's fonr. As man rises from the rudest stapes such asdigicing roots, hunting, and tending cattle, to arts which are highly mechanical the riirht hand becomes a more special and serviceable or can than the left, so that the loss of it to an engraver, a clerk, or an artist, compared to tho lossof the left, would be a much more serious altair than it would be to a drover, who could clutch his stick or gesticulate to his dog almost as wvll with the one hand as the other. Admitting that, physiologically, there is a slight reason for the preference of the right hand, all our tools and fashions lend themselves to encoural'c its further dexterity. fcrewB. gimlets, Ac, are made to suit the supinating motion of the right hand. Tools of the scissor kiiid are also niade for the right hand, audi have seen a print-cutter's gauge made specially for a left-handed person fetch a very low price when it came to be sold. The slant in writing, the shed of the hair in boys, the manner in which buttons and hooks are placed on clothes, and the system of writing from left to right, all seem related to right-handedness. 1 believe there is a constitutional reason for the preference given to the right hand, but I also believe that habit has strengthened nature's tendency, and that aa the touch of the hereditary Hindoo weaver has become Eroverbially tine, so tfie aptitude of the right and over the left is greater, with advancing civilization, than in a state utterly savage. At that period of a child's life when creeping seems a more natural mode of progression than walking, there is no apparent dexterity in tlie right hand more than the left, and when man was almost utterly without arts, I cau believe his state to have been ambidexter or ambisiuister. The elephant is known to employ- one tusk more than another in rootinir, &c., and when I asked Sir Samuel Bakik which tusk went by the name of the "servant," be informed me that it was the right tusk generally, but the exceptions to the rule were far more numerous t nan was the phenomenon of left-handedness with human ueings. We have no reliable statistics of the proportion of left-handed persons to right in ancient or iu savage nations. If Judges xx., 15, 16, is to have anv weight in the matter, the proportion ot left-hauded in the tribe of lieu-jamin seems to have been greater than at the present day. Left-handedness is very mysterious : it seems quite against physiological deductions and tho wnole teud'ency of arts and fashion, l'rof. Buchanan, of Glasgow, who wrote an able memoir on right-handedness iu 12, tlriuks that left-handedness may be due to transposition of the viscera, and tells me that bis friend Ir. An ken found such a case. But, surely, transposition ot the viscera must be tar rarer than- obstinate left-handedness. In cases of left-handed persons which I have examined, the limbs of the leftside were proportionally larger, just as those of the right side are in normal ca.-es. I have also found that left-handedness is hereditary. J. S., in Aasre. ACrwdt4BMrwalk falU with (he Assembled Crowd. From the Sacramento (Cal.).Unton, Aprtln. On the announcement being made last evening that a man had been murdered by his wife on Seventh-street, a large crowd speedily assembled in front of Dolan's carnage manufactory, where tbe deceased lay. Corocer Counts notified tho people that they should not stand in such a pody upon the sidewalk, which Is here built upou trentle-work. as it was lu danger of failing through. He repeated . his warning once or twice, bat without any effect, and presently the last pouuil waa added to the weight that the sidewalk would bear, and down thirty or torty feetot it went, carrying about fifty people, including tbe corpse, with It, some of them falliug twelve or fifteen feet, and others but a short distanee, aeeordmjr to the position in which the v stood. To add to the dangers t the accident, the balcony fell upon the writhing mass of people, as did also two cafks ot coal that had beeu standing upon the sidewalk, and other articles. Patties who stood Iu the vicinity speedily assisted out of the hull those that bad fallen, and la tbe course of a few minutes ther were all upou their lect. tiugular, indeed almost niir-aculona as it may seem, there were no bones broken by the accident. Several parties, bow-ever, received brulaea and spraiua. William IKwthf.t waa Jammed between the barrels of coal, and received severe bruises about tbe left side, back and hips ; Officer Van Hoax had bis left ankle sprained ; Coroner Cottars had his left leg badly bruiaed, and got a cot on tbe right cbeek; Dr. Mokgax received several abrasions about the bead ; Ir. Samuel Lanodox, of block-to n. was injured in tbe right side aud hip, and numerous others suffered fight hurts. JesTereea Aavie Cause fra be Beianaa te ; Ilisa. Frut tkt Toledo (OA to) CommcrrMi, J pril 19. It will be remembered by many of our readers that when the Talon forces took posses aioa of Jktt. Datu' plantation, in IXindsCoan-ty. Misslssippl. a large amount of property of various kmds was confiscated by the soldiers and earned oft. Among other things was the (old-headed cane, made from the timber of Old inssmsts. aad presented to Davis by Presides l Fgunux Pisjtra, waich fell lata tbe aaada ( a soa f Kev. HAHcat. Ltmch. aad bjrhiiawft brought Xorih. It appears tba J. K. et Ottawa. laiaao County, bear ing ef tbe eaoe, interested himself ra setisuiaar its return. aadyeaterday bad U ta tbe city aad will forward it to IU owner. wetbmkallwUl accept tbe propriety of stieto return ot this personal nwmeato, aad appreciate Mr. J,T sea's seiue of jntiee ia consent. thereto. A letter from Mr. Davis ta Mr. Lisa expresses a strong der,ire to recover It all Use stronger from the fact that tbe giver baa since died. FINE ARTS Aeadeaay f Dnlia-Wew Plttsrei far- Psslsgispbs-Pittsis ajalcav ale-lare c:prtaa Subsequent visits to the Academy of Design couviuce us that tiiere are inauy pictures in the present exhibition quite well worthy of notice, which iuive, up to the preoeut, escaped our attention. Mr. B. F. Kei.miart's "The Faithful Guardian," fXo. ,) Is one of these. It represents two children asleep beneath a tree, their play-ihium fastclusped iaeach little hand, while a large mastiff keepa watch over the nr. The flesh colonDg is ifood and the attitude easy and natural, tbouth tbe dog. to our thiuking, forma one of the be ft portlona of tue picture. The composition ia a pleasing one, in spite of some faults of color aud drawing-. Mr. Wakemak Hol-blbto.k baa two pictures in tbe exhibition Kos. 73 and 258. Tho first Is a cartful study of "Brook Trout," which look as cool, ' glittering and Juicy as brook trout should do. The second picture is a portrait of "Beauty "a Spits dog, belonging to Mr. EuoUXdn, we believe. It is good in expres-aion.the sharp little eyra looking out with a most wide-awake and knoKing air, and equally good In color. In the north room Mr. B. W. Hcb-iiakd has a "View near Elizabethtown," (No. 1TB.) which, though rather too brilliant in color. Is a decidedly noticeable composition. Mr. Arthur Parton'b "Solitude," (No. 863.) Is a promising picture. There is vigor In it, at any rate, and though we cannot admire the color in the background, it has points of merit whieb more ambitious pictures often fail to possess. Mr. Gerrt's " rasture Gate" (No. 314) is a careful study of animal life Of many of the portraits we have already apoken. Mr. Fao- am has one of Rev. Dr. Ttso, 4N0. 170.) which, by those who know tbe reverend gentleman best, la said to be a speaking likeness. It seems a little warm in color, but Is evidently a carerul study of a subject worthy of any artist's pencil. No-180 is by the same gentleman, and represents a lady, whom we imagine we recogoize, iu Neapolitan costume. With the exception ot the bauds, which are somewhat chalky In color, this is perhaps one of the' best of Mr. Fagxam's eflorts. Neither of these plo tures is hung on tbe line, though Mr. Fagnasi has been a regular contributor to the Academy exhibitions for numbers of years, and is certainly entitled to consideration. Mr. Julikn Scott's " Gen. Wilcox In libby Prison," (No. 34,) la strong In expression and full ot feeling. Mr. Eatoh's portrait of Rev. Gaoaoa XI e pwo rth (No. 303) gives the divine a fierce and somewhat truculent look, which his countenance certainly does not habitually possess. Mr. La Clear's portrait of Rev. Dr. Vijstom (No. 433) is a strong likeness and good In color. In the west room are Mr. Hcstisotos's " Portrait of a Lady," (No. 4fi0,) and Mr. W. O. Stone's " Portrait of a Child," (No. 287.) both of which are striking likenesses.' The latter is one of the lest child poi traits ou the walls. LAST ARTISTS. The lady artists do not make a very strong show in the exhibition. Tbe female mind seems to run naturally to the painting of flowers and f 1 nits ; and of the twenty or thirty pictures contributed by ladies to this collection, more than half are of these subjects. Foremost among .the flower-painters are the Misses Grakbekt and Mrs. James M. Hart. Certainly, they need not fear comparison with many of their male rivals. Among the landscapes, those by Mrs. Van Norman, Mrs. O ikes and Mrs. Greatorex are the best. Miss Fidelia Bridges has a very careful study of, (No. 280.) and Miss Eliot a p tetchy but promising little picture, (No. 300,) of " Marshes iu Autumn." Miss Grit, Miss Rondel and Mrs. Edwards exhibit some crayon portraits, which are also worthy of attention. The chief fault of nearly all tbe landscapes exhibited by the ladles is want of strength. This la very noticeable. Tbe forms of tbe various objects are given faithfully enough, but there ia a feeblenesa about them that mars the picture, in some oases, utterly. In color the ladies seem to ad here more closely to nature than many of their male competitors do, Indeed there is but little to find fault with in this respect. In the painting of water they are all noticeably bad. and their perspective is not always correct. Even Mrs. Gseatorex is sometimes open to censure on the last point. This lady is doing a good and valuable work In preserving tbe forms and semblances of many old landmarks in and near our City, that must, in the so-called march of improvements, soon pass away. In the present exhibition she has a very pleasing and faithful sketch entitled " Oracle Lane." carbon photographs. Attention has already been called to the new autotypes or carbon photographs. They are far superior to the ordinary photographs In many respects Jand are as imperishable as an engraving. The collections now on view at our principal art galleries comprise copies of all the most celebrated pictures and frescoes by the old masters, and of every school of painting, together with tbe most famous statues and busts to be found in the Vatican, the Louvre and the art galleries of Vienna and Milan. Some of the etchings and chalk drawings, by Rembrandt, Durer and others, are copied in tints, so that it becomes almost an Impossibility to distinguish tbe photograph from the original. PICTURE COPTING. The association of artists of the Dusseldorf School have become so annoyed by tbe practice of inferior artists copying their paintings and pas6ingtbemoffas originals, that they have issued the following circular : Since some years the copying of oil-paintings baa become a distinct branch of industry, and the trade in these copies some of wbicb bear the names of the authors of tbe original woika has of late so largely increased that it has become necessary to put a stop to such a system of swindling. Not nuly is the artist's livelihood impaired by it, but tbe honor and reputation attached to his name is also undermined. Tbe success of Art Unions and of respectable picture dealers is also impeded; and tbe public are imposed upon with bad and 'valueless pictures. We are in possession of a number of facts by which we are enabled to describe tbe ordinary operations of these traders. Having managed to obtain original pictures by recognized masters, they employ a number of broken-down artists, or people without talent to copy tliem wholesale. The monograms are then either written indistictly, or with the alteration of a letter, and often tbe word " nach " (after) Is put before the name In such a way that It gets hidden under the frame. Such copies are than forced, by all kinds of maneuvers, upon the notice of purchasers, or are sold at auctions, under tbe original or some other name, at comparatively good prices, having previously been well puffed by the speculators as Works of the most celebrated masters of the Du&Meldorf School at great bargains." Occasionally the original works are tlrst exhibited in the frauies, which are afterward exchanged for copies of the same size. Forged receipts and letters from the artists are also sometimes shown, and .eveu invented descriptions of tbe misery of certain artists, snd widows of artists, are brougnt to bear in order to induce a Surchase or exchange with noo-connoisseura. ne of tbe most successful of these so-called picture-dealers, on bis trial for fraud confessed, among others, to have had a picture of a Dusseldorf artist copied twenty-one times. Tbe testimony of witnesses wbo were beard In this case threw considerable light upon this odious traftio, especially showing tbe wholesale manufacture of copies at wages ot from twenty-five gvoscnens to a thaler - per diem, and the different methods adopted to realise upon these copies were also exposed in ail their details. Tbe existing laws for the protection ot copyright being very inadequate, and. In moat cases, the evidenee necessary for a Indicia! interference being difficult to obtaia, we believe that we shall beat protect the Interests of the pabllo exposed to such frauds, by eaatieaisg them against tbe class ot dealers referred to. and also by begging the officers of tbe law to keep a sharp look out tor this destructive traffic ricmsa oiTirsnrs. -At present our picture galleries are rather bare at aotieeabla paintings. At Gocraa we and aa Adirondack seen by Mr. Oolxxan. - The foreground is painted in oils oa paper, and the background in water colors. We be-ieve this experiment has been tried by English artists, but with what success we do not know. Water eeiors ara. as Is wall kaowa, a tar able saediom taaa aOs ta Las paining of skies, water and backgrounds generally, aad Mr. COLaaAa aas certainly sassnnina ta predaelag aa effective picture, though fault saay be found with the color. Mr. Wiluau Hakt has a pleasing painting of Lake George, with a strong weU-eolored fop ground. The blue saeuntata ta the distance, however, does not add to the effect of tbe picture, and is not. we think, truthful. landscape by Oswald Acbeitback, true in form and fine in Color, and The Intercepted Letter," by Prof. Ouckd. are both worthy of notice. " The Visit," by DrcrraxBACH. ia spite of ita cold color, ilia very pleasing. It represents the visit of a city lady and her little daughter to the cottage of a peasant. Tbe expression is strong and trutaf ul ana like all Diarrsn bach's pictures, this is full of life. THE AVKkT COLLECTION. The time for picture sales is very nearly over. One of tbe most noticeable of the season will take place at the Somerville Art Gallery. Fifth-avenue, on the evening of tbe th Inst. The paintings are from tbe collection of Mr. Samuel P. Avert, and with a few exceptions, are all of more than average merit. Among them we notice several by W. 8. Rosa, of London, one by Wtaxt. two by Rich an ds. of Philadelphia, three or four by the Harts, one by Oioboi Ishess, a large and superb landscape by Casilcak. and several smaller ones by the same artist ; one by KaasKTT. in his very best style one by S. R. GirroBD, snd one by Jbrvis McEhtkb. Among the gems are two small pictures by 8. J. Gkxt, which ia color and expression are equal to any-thltc id tbe collection. Mr. Gioioi BocOToxi la represented by three pictures, two landscapes, snd "The Huguenot Refugee." The last Is a very strong painting, a little cold in color, perhaps, hut full of expression. Among tbe pictures by foreign artists are Mme. B a rom's Boiling Over," Albot-Re-bocet's "The Pesrl Necklace;" Carre Bow-bibak'b "At the Well." and "The Receipts." Most noticeable, perhaps, are tbe " Fountain in Pompeii." by Goomass a fine composition in every respect; Girabd's " Idyl," which in drawing and color is surpassingly fine, and Ukrus-TiierrEB's "Trial by Weight." The last contains some strong painting, and represents one ot tbe most extraordinary scenes ever put on canvas. COMMONICATIOXTa A Failure tm Christ Catarrh X fee Be-teaarlBle Cereaaeauea Is X r I ratal situ aa a Failure f To the Kditor of the Kew-Tork Timet: About two years ago the religious world and the rest of mankind were thrown Into spasms by a series of sermons preached by the rector of Christ Church, Fifth-avenue and Thir-ty-flfth-etreet. These sermons, from their title " Protestantism a Failure attracted considerable attention at tbe time, and tbe clergymen of wbat tbe reverend preacher called Proteetaut denominations stood agbaat. And well they might. The sermons were published In- the Tikes, and were eagerly read by tbe condemned sects, with what effect will be hereafter made apparent. Borne of the ritualists wbo heard tbe sermons preached very sanguincly expected such a rush to their place of worship as to seriously embarrass them. The arguments were so conclusive, in their estimation, and that of tbe rector, that It seemed to them they woulil have to go to church on Saturday night so as to be there on Sunday morning, to enable them to get into their own pews. Such, indeed, was the feeling that members of the vestry were called upon to en large the church or put up galleries, or, best of all, sell tbe edifice aud erect a church that would accommodate the tens of thousands who would leave their own tabernacles and seek sal vation under the wing of this Citholic Church. Some of tbe vestry were a little more considerate, and thought the best way would be to first convert the pastors and through them the congregations under their charge, and thus pastor, people aud edifices would all come at once Into tbe true fold. This was a bright and economical idea, and likely to be Just as effectual on the professors of Protestantism as the rector's sermons. It was the common conversation among tbe faithful of this favored church that tbe sermons were exceedingly moving, and they were, for they moved out of tbe church about one-third of tbe congre gation without moving any of the anathematized Protestants to take the vacated pews. Two years have now elapsed since these sermons were preached, and they have been published lu book form, but whether tbe millions have found purchasers the autbor and publishers anticipated, they only can toll. Tbe failure of Froteatactism being an estab lished fact (1), one naturally inquires what effect so tremendous a downfall has made upon the religious market, and wbat has become of the bankrupt's effects. Murray Hill is a hill of churches, and as I expected taere wonld be no further necessity for their use, I have spent several Sabbaths In loking out for bargains. My first visit was to the Unitarian Churcb. at the corner of Park-avenue and Tblrty-fourth-streot, Rev. Mr. 11 El' worth, pastor. Poor fellow, thought I, as I wended my way to the maguidceut chinch of the Messiah.. What a sac religious disgi-ace on the part of the Beacons to call that gentleman from Massachusetts to a churcb they must have known would soou lie converted into a Catholic Church. Must hive kuown, I say 1 Why, yea Is not this Church close by Christ Cuurcb, and waa not Dr. Ewer brought up a Unitarian himself, and must he not. have lelt very sure that this Churcb of the Messiah would be deserted and the sheep find nourishing food in his adjoining pasture 1 As 1 approached the church my worst appreheasiona became manifest. Crowds of people were coming away ; highly-respectable ladles and gentlemen, with sorrowful countenances, were in tbe street or coming out of the church, and I heaved a bitter sigh for Mr. Uetworth. At the entrance of the church I confronted the sexton. " This is sad, very sad, Indeed, that so eloquent a Frot , preacher, I mean, should have empty pews on wbicb to waste bis discourses; from the bottom of my heart I feel for the good man." " What do you mean. Sir t" " Why, to see everybody leaving the Church and hastening no doubt to Christ church, to drink In the elixir of life as dispensed through bobbing at a cross." "Do you know why they have left here I" said he. Certainly I do ; they are hastening to shake Protestant dust off their feet aud cry tor mercy for their sins through the intercession of Father Eweh and Father ," I replied. " You are done brown if you think any such nonsense," said he. " Why, Sir, the people you met were, going away because the churcb is so lull they could not get In." Tbe sexton opened tbe door, and my eyes saw a sight that made me exclaim, " If Protestantism Is a failure, these benighted people don't see lu" At tbe next oorner shove, on Park-avenue, is the Church ot the Covenant. The worshipers are Presbyterian Protestants, and I dropped la to see when their church would be fur sale or to let. To my surprise, tbe church was filled, and neither pastor nor people seemed to be in tbe (east alarmed at tbe storm impending. At the corner of Madison-aveuue aad Tnirty-flftu-atreet is an Ep acopal chuieu under the spiritual care of Rev. Dr. ilKsar Moxtooxerv. Iouee knew biiu as well as tbe Eleventh Commandment, nnd wss glad to see him at the bead of so One a church aud such aa attentive congregation. A gentleman informed me that tae peas were all owned or routed, and wanted me to take a seat. This I was obliged to decline, as I wss anxious to get to the cnurch of churches at tbe next corner before the services were through. To my surprise, I found Cnrist Cnurch aoout two-thirds fall. The congregation differed from any of tbe other churches I had visited. There seemed to be a restlessness, as if they felt Irour home, and on inquiry this proved to be the fact. The greater part of the congregation were strangers, aad bad eome ta see the sights snd hear Protestant-lam denounced. The rector waa aot preaching, and 1 was told that be was sick. Tbe preacher was a protege ot Bt. Aibau's, and aa I could not hear a word he said, I departed, leaving for a future day to hear the rector himself. Oa my way to the ears X looked la at the Tabernacle, an Bixtb-sveuae and Thirty-lourth-stiest, aad found standing-room. only. Tbe following Sunday morning found me m Christ Charch, aad having heea Invited by a friend, who has a pew in tho center aisle, to spend the day, see tba sights and post myself thoroughly. I gladly availed sayselt of so oed aa opportunity ta get correct iatorma-tioa of the way things ara worked ia this temple of semi-papism. Five services are held la this plans every Snnday CoBasaaaiaa at 1 o'clock and choral Sunday-school service at t 'clock those I did aot wit-nese. -The next Is at IS e'eloek. At that hoar the rector and his assistant, ia surplices, eaaaa out at the vestry -reoaa aad took taeir plates. - Aa they catered, the aoagregarioa up xor m ni asanas, ana aas The had taste hero displayed .nasi ill m . thai Inlaiu - a was a and ritaabata. The aseal acayera wars read by tha assistant la a most lamentable tana. Tho rector read the Iataay ta a vary nasal maaaer, but very dJatioeUy and devoutly : ha alas read the ante communion service. The music by the choir was aapertt, aad tbe eoagregatiae. saalaly strangers, would gladly have left as soon as tbe hy ma was sung .if decency had aot forbsudea such a thing. Tbe language of the sermon was nothing extraordinary- The services cone hided la the usual way la Episcopal ehurebe. but the people did not retire until tho clergy had gone into the vestry -room. Mr friend now desired aae so go into a pew near tha platform and keep my eyes open and I would see something. Having seated myself In tte third pew from the front. I waited for tha next act. Ia a few minutes soma wosnea dresaed la black stuff came upon tbe platform, and fronting a large cross made the most awkward hows to the inanimate wood that any one ever beheld. Two or - three men also made their appearance in aerce. The party began fixing a variety of things In and about the altar, and every time they came before or retreated from tbe cross, tbey bowed. If any of them forot tins important duty, they very scrupulenaly came back and made a bow, satisfying their own conscience. Half-past found mo in a good forward seat In a side aisle, my friend declining to accompany me, as ha was opposed to the veeprr service. This afternoon service is piously called eateeniaing the children," introduced by a vesper service. Sow this Is one ot tbe shallowest subterfuges that was ever invented. Tbe Sunday-school is a mere pretense; the real fact is tbe rector's desire tor display. The first -part of tbe programme is the entrance ot the Sunday-school and such a Sunday-school. About thirty children, attended by a teacher to each child, came in and took seats in tbe middle aisle. Tbe orgs a begaa to play a proeeasioual hymn, and presently voices were beard la the tea try-room, the door of which was closed. Shortly after tbe door was opened and a boy bearing a cross came forth, followed by some other boys, the a some young men and then some old ones; then tbe assistant, aud Anally the rector In a red guwn. All wore surplices aud were singing. Tbey proceeded down tbe slsle snd up the noddle. On .ascending tbe platform 'they bowed to the cross aud tt.ed on each side. Hinging, t ie readlug of a lesson from tbe Bible, prayen and collection followed, and then came a verj brief examination of tue ciuliiien. The piot nssion tueu reformed, each makiug another b w 10 the cross, aud returned to the place frdtn whence tuey cauie. This being ended, the wonieu in black appeared as before, took down the decorations and Vanished. What has ail this display and mummery done for Curlsl Church I 'lo act at alt the faola I bad to cousult several geutiemen, as well as the rector and assistant. The opinions elicited were as opposite as possible, and it ia ouly by adding and deducting a little here and tbera that I was able to get at the true atate of affairs, aud I give them for the benent ot bote parties, assuring your readeis that tbey are true in every particular. My first inquiry was if any pews were to be had. Tbe auswer was thoy had one or two vacant. My informant, wbo was of tbe Pew Committee, proceeded to show those in the middle ailey.1 He seemed very reticent at first, but I gradually led him 10 oe mere commuuioaU ve, and ttoally aacer-tauied that sixty odd pews were vacant, out of 166. I thought there must be some error, but my f 1 lend assured me that he had been told the same thing. Here was a sad state of affairs; more than one-third of the news to rent In tbe church that was to revolutlouise all Christendom. Surely, there was something wrung In the management of this new otder of religious exercises; the people were either disgusted with tbe scenes I bad witnessed in the afternoon, or still believed Protestantism was not a failure. M , Tbe evening prayers were read in the same manner as in the morning, and by the same clergyman. The sermon was preached by another 8u Alban's fat bet. but tuoae who were near tbe diminutive pulpit did not understand the drift of tbe discourse, while those wbo were at a distance did not hear a word. The services of the evening being euded, the women in blaek reappeared aud prepared tbe stage aa in the morning. As I was wondering wbat next a Utile lady politely informed me tbat I could go, as the Contrary Sisters, or some such name, were preparing the altar, for the Holv Eucharist next morning at 1 o'clock, aud gave me a pressing lnvitatiou to come aud partake, as the oeremony was very luterestiug. If tae pulpit where tue sermon ore preached from is a type ot tue godliness dlsteused, no wonder the churcb is on the decline, l'rotestautism bus nothing, to fear from the self-lmpoted oaampion of . Auglo-Amerlcau Catholicism. I understand it is tue boast of tbe rector of 'Cnrist' a Protestant Episcopal Church " that his sermons have never beeu answered, or auy attempt- made to confute bis arguments by any of the so-called Protestant divines. This was easily accounted for 111 my presence by a Methodist preacher : there is nothing to answer. There seems to be a determination to keep dark everything connected with the church. 1 One of the vestrymen assured me that the church was never in such a flourishing ooudltiou, aud yet he bad fur sale the rectory because it was about being foreclosed to satisfy mortgages against it. Auotber told me tbat the .floating debt of tbe church was next to nothing, aud tbat the congregation were glad of It, aa it gave them an opportunity to show their liberality in paying it off. A third informed me that he believed the collections wre more than enough to pay all demands, and be wisbed to have It a free cnurch aa soon aa possible ; then it would pay its way.- A fourth, aud the only sensible man I came across, candidly acknowledged that the church was in debt, tbat an additional mortgage had been put on the church to help to pay for tue rectory, that the rectory was now for sale at a great loss, and that tbe church Itself would be tor sale before another year. " Wbat la the cause of this," I Inquired. Because," was the reply, " Dr. Ewaa la a failure. He has deceived bis stauuehest friends ; his promises have aJ been broaen, aud he siauds today an alien among his clerical brethren. There is uot a leading eleigyuian who would eater his chancel to preach for him. Four years ago, wbeu Dr. E web upheld and preached the doctrine, be was called to Christ Cnurch, for tbe church waa aule to pay its way, aud the rector was highly respected. Today tne churcb is ueuviiy iu debt, the rectory sold, one-third 01 the pew a to rent, and only about ten families remaining that were tbera when bo tuoa charge aeveu years ago. ihe grcuier part ot the vestry that culled him have ell in dlagust, aud now, to crown his eceuuirioiuos, a buy-cnoiris to be introduced, wuicu will settle tue bankruptcy ot the whole concern. For tue lust year Uiu apleuiiid lutisio has bceu tne soie aiiiaction, aui as tue rector could nut browK tms suiierioruy; some of hut friends iu tue vestry, listening to his advice, have couseuied to aia iiiiu tmougu a owy-vhour iu peiioiuuug tne burial aerl.e over Cnrist Church. CUUkCUUAK. Ka-w-Yokk, Friday, April 2V, lc'ia. Water Meters Their Uaelesanees and Daager. To the Editor of the Sew-lor k Timet : Water meters have been suggested at va-riooa times as the best means ot how to economise the eonsuaiption of water. Hundreds ot them have been invented and offered to tbe public, but the construction of a perfect one, however, combining the indispensable requisites of accuracy, durability, simplicity and cheapness, has loug been a problem involving sn enormous amount of capital, time and labor to the most scientiflo men of the age all over the world. None of those yet produced measure with absolute mathematical perfection. Some are quite expensive, and nearly all are complicated, and of a character mora or less liable to get out of order. If in Europe, where great attention and deep study have tailed to produce a meter good enough and cheap enough to do the service required, that approximates within eight or ten per cent, of the actual consumption, ean we hope tbat the engineers whose special skill is in " laying pipe " for Tammany Hall, have solved the puttie t In hotels or large factories, such a fault as mentioned above, compared to the large hulk measured, may not be of much consequence, but In private dwellings a similar inaccuracy might constitute a greater part of tbe whole amount consumed. In addition to this difficulty, tbe following may be mentioned : That the grit or sediment contained la water leaves deposits which. In time, clog the machinery and retard tho action of tbe index ; that when they fit eloee enough to prevent leakage, too much head Is taken off; that, frost and friction frequently Interfere with their working. These remarks apply to I the meters of Siehess and Kexxedt, which ara among tho best la Europe. 7-'''--. The most serious oblectlon to tho use ot the meter in this City is. that when water Is no longer free to all tn tha sense of unlimited supply, those whose need Is greatest will tall to receive its benefits, and the whole community suffer from tba want of healthful rlrsnllseas oa tha part of a few. If tenement-houses and their Inmates are now so dirty as to be the source ot constant anxiety to tha Board of Health while they have aa ad hbitum supply of water, how much more filthy would they not be. and la how far greater a degree would they not assist in the propagation of any epidemic if they had to pay for water la the ratio of the quantity conauaied 1 . AyKi very important Item in connection with this matter will be tha expense attendant upon It.' Tha Crotoa Department report for IBM, page 44. states the water to bo distributed tn ,34 dwellings, 1,6 IT manufactories sad sol churches, making a total at .S4t meters ra- efmred tana furnished. spue n brwvt that tae priors of European meters (Srwuaira) range aaNsdea of tha fiasaaAal aspect at tha With our Immense wealth of water.' sufficient at all sos sans for tha legitimate wants ef tha largest city in tha world, there a no Ben salty for water meters, unless to entail spaa tbe tax- 1 able community additional burdens. Were tbe supply really defleieat there migbs be some excuse for adopting meters, but H is ample for all legitimate wants, aad will be, tor many years to come. If stringent measures are taken to prevent tha wanton waste er water that at takes place hourly ta thia City. Soma Idea ef tbe amount of waste can be formed whea it te known that in i860 the average supply of water for each lnhabltaat was tblrty-arvea gallons. It m now soma sixty gallous nearly double. At this rate what will our consumption be thirty years hence I Why should tbe average amount, of water consumed keep eoBtiaamily lorreaaaag per capita out of proportloa to tha increase of population 1 - That a reform shontd be introduced tn the waste of water forthwith Is evident m most earnestly required, but it must be through a different medium than the meter, and every intelligent eltisen should loudly protest against section 14 of the Tax Levy ..which is nothing hat a barefaced job. perfectly explained by the power given to the Commissioner to select the meter to be used. PRO BONO PUBLICO. A'kW-ToBK. Mondar. April 18, 1STO. ... War " Central Park Caauaalaaaoaew fTay " . Slot Plr. Berth 9 To fas JTrfiaar of (AS .yew-Tor Times . x ' " Since Mr. DiLLOif declined to accept the honorable, tf not remunerative, appointment Of Central Park Commissi oner, many persons have been -suggested as worthy to fill the vacancy, but It has occurred to ma that no one has been yet spoken of who la entirely fitted to occupy tho position with benefit to tha community, as well as credit and pleasure to himself. I would Intimate the name ot Mr. Bebobt, tho worthy President ef the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, ss one which I belle to would meet a warm response and ready approval front the best class of our citizens. Since his connection with tbe Society above-mentioned Mr. Bekgh has shown himself to be efficient, untiring aad entirely devoted to the interests which be uaa at heart. He is a man with ample meaus.ot high moral character and In all respects uuimpeachalle. I have understood tbat Mr. Bkhoh has made tbe treat meut of animals of all klads a study for years, and en traveling through countries of Europe has been particularly observing of tbe niauner in Which the etiological gardens have beeu cared for and the animal treated. It must uot be forgotten tbat our own eiblbiUoa of that nature in the Park is rapidly Increasing in value, and tbat with proper care and attention there Is 110 reason why it should not rank witn any In the world. T. The Cry at Sara Farsa Help. TothehditoroftXtXew-TorkliM I read in the Semi-Weesxt Timks of April 19 as follows: "From tbe West, and from the North, and from the South, and from the- East, comes to us the cry of ' More farm help.' And then the writer proceeds to state tbat the description of help needed la not help of aa Inferior description, but good plowers, herdsmen, grooms and dairy -maid a Intelligent boys and girls, willing to learn how to help on farms, so as to ha able one day to carry out on farms ef their own the instructions they receive m youth. Vow, sir, In the northern counties of England and in the southern counties of Scotland there are thousands of skilled farm operatives, working for a bare subsistence, wbo wonld, were they brought to the United 8tates, not only materially bene" t those whose agricultural enterprise is cramped for want of efficient help, but tbey would In a few years themselves become farmers, and thus extend the productive area of the country, snd benefit both themselves snd the nation at large. As tbe time .Is at hand when many Americans will cross the Atlantic for business or . for pleasure, I would suggest to those who are interested in agricultural pursuits (and wbo among us is not t) .that. Instead of spending so much time lu the large cities, they should make a careful survey of tbe agricultural districts. see the mode of cultivation pursued, and acquaint themselves with all tbe details of those systems of farming which are In many rtspeets so different from what is practiced In the United States. Let the town of Newcastle-upon-Tyne be a starting point, and, following the Northeastern Railway, a couple of weeks could he pleasantly and profitably spent In examining the more Important faims. And while thus examining the farms, let the visitor make him self acquainted with the men by whom they are cultivated ; he would find them sober, laborious and Intelligent so far as the requirements of their vocation Is concerned and doing a great deal of work at a low rate ot wages, the oratorical prtrnttacia m ien to of farmers' clubs and cham bers of agriculture to the contrary notwithstanding. The reason why such men do hof find their way to the United States in greater numbers Is to be found in their attachment to the land of their birth and an indifference to all that 1s going on outside their native district. Many fami lies may be found that have lived for centuries in the same parish, and so deeply seated are their prejudices In favor of their old home that It Is no eay matter to persuade them tbat their condition would be benefited by quitting it But could a considerable number be induced to give tbe United States a fair trial, I have no doubt but that tbe intelligence they would send homo would soon induce others to - follow their exam. pie, and thus a constant' supply of skilled help would be available for tbe United Stares, where tbe demand for sich help increases yearly. It may be asked what now becomes of tbe surplus hands, aa tbe yearly-increasing population can not all find employment when every acre of land la alreadv under cultivation. An answer to this question is found in the fset tbat, under lm Jiroved modern modes 01 naa been ound profitable to employ more hands on each farm than was formerly done, and the remainder find their way to mines, manufactories and rail roads, wbere they receive somewhat blgber wages, but It la doubtful whether they are so cially benefited, as fa mules brought from the pure atmosphere of the farm to the over-crowded town or manufacturing village are not always morally improved. Iu the North of Eng'and the agricultural laborers are of two classes the married, who live in cottages upon the farm, and the single, wbo are boarded snd lodged in the honse of their employer. Either oi those classes could easily sdspt themselves to agricultural life in the United ' States. Iu England they are hired by tbe year, as there is si ways an abundance of work upon the farm to keep them employed. The same system might easily be adopted in the South and in those States where tbe Winters will admit of out-of-doors work all the year ronud. . And if a few intelligent American farmers would follow tbe suggestions I bsve ventured to throw out-visit the Northumbrian farms, see the men at work, and in their homes, observe how their duly is performed snd how their leisure la spent; and if tbey could induce a nnmoor of tbe more Intelligent to settle among us, I am convinced that it would be for their mutual advantage, and the cry lor help would not be so Incessant as It now la. . I have only referred to tho northern counties of England, as with them I am better acquainted. In the southern counties the men are even worse paid, aud I sm confident that thousands of them would gladly agree to transfer their services te this side the Allan tie could means be do-vised for enabling them to do so their present wages putting It beyond their power to hear tho expenses of the voyage. JOSEPH WATSON. HosTost Grove, Ala Saturday, April 33, 1S70. The Troops for tha nod River Kxpeditieai. . ' From Ike Quebte Mercury, ; April it. The uniform of tho Bed River troops will consist of a green tunic, gray trowsers, with black stripe, beef moccasins, with sun shades. Tbe rifle will be tbe short Snider-Enfleld, and tha accoutrements will be new from military stores. Tne expedition will consist ot lBuo Infantry, two batteries of Koyal Artillery, a train of Boyal Engineers and Mounted Puliee. . . - Capt. Came bos left for Toronto yesterday, and will meet some ot tbe men at Preacott J auction. Tbey will at once commence drilling. Mr. Simpson, M. P.. of AUcoma, has been selected ss guide to tha troops at Fort Uarry. It is now reported tbat the Imperial Government, recognising tho obligation to give' Canada peaceable possession of a territory of which that Govern meat has negotiated the eesaiOB.M to pay tbe expenses of tba Ked Elver Expedition. Ve believe this la correct. Ciheral II rawest ta Baltiaaore Xawtitaw ;yva fas Baltimore Sun, Afrit . -" . The lata Dr. Geobgb Fbick. of Baltimore City, (younger brother of the late Judge Fbick. who died ra Berlin en the 17th ot March last, snd whose remains were brought here and deposited In Oreeumount Cemetery oa the 43d lust leaves, among other legacies, tba following: Baltimore - Orphan Asylum, S3. 000; 8t. Mary's Orphan Aiylum, FYsnklla-sfrect, If AW ; Aged Women's Home, ts.000: Aged Men's Home, MoO ; Homo of tho Friendless, tee; Protest. ant Asylam, tijvs); Blind Asyloui of Baltimore, .P0S; C'bai-ra Home Inurmary.S-UftM; House of Kefugn, S3 .: Msnnsl Labor School for Indicant Bcys.tV; Ocrmaa Evangelical Euthea Boa Churrh, twecrs te he awr'ied pure bass w( tiW fur tbe poor and 1 ' '"" ooagvegatioa, VUu0; Ltebre Baltimore, tUOuo. fcfticiy tl roaxuaxf xTxaxa Thirty per cent, of France eaa neither read a tba population eft or write, wi , wlnia mnr-v taaa seventy per eeat, write. , - But can aut' - In Xfussian official ataae. the Empcxor'at name Is loaowrd by Cfiy-two titles. j The haxrest prospects In Ireland are of thy Boost la viable character. - t . Tbe Hellenic Goverusient is aVmt to appoint Miulner Plenipoteutiary to tiw legauou at St. Petersburg, Pari and Washington, The trestles of commerce between An-tria and Chi ma. Japan and Siam, havo now boon , rauaed by tho Betchsrath. If any contemporary politicians will f smro ta Mr. DikbablT new novel LotAair IanxI oal-isbubt among the numueh . , ; Ah international exhibition is to be or.e-je i at Cased on the 1st of June. Deax Staxlxt baa a work lnSprssi i which be rives aa account at. and eonxncnia ur . the ecclesiastical events at-the last- aweuty years, .--i .- - - Tho pension aadroed by the arbitrators t Do Pmakcis. ex-husband af the Queen el caiu, ta LMLOoo rraaca a year. ; Women tn Africa, who bsve thewixfortnri". to have twins, ara summarily drummed out cf their aetive villages. . , A grand rfltnpodtton, - en fitted "E-thovea.n by Anna Lasxt. as anaounced for per-formanca at tha Bbbthoybb fetes la Weimar. - Tba legal expenses which Prince r. va-ABra is called opon to pay far the trial si Tours will amount to gSMon, c Tba number of works in pain tin r, arulr-ture and asrhlteeture admitted at tue l r 1 exhibition this year will not exceed i,soo. 1 - Is a smaller a umber than lor many years past. A project for erecting In Paris a vast concert hall, has been started hy M. O. KB Cuas- BACB, ... j . From Salvador, In Central America, wo learn that tbe chairs la tne University have been filled and tho medical school completed, A botaaie gardea and a museum are attached to tbe school. - 1 Tha Parts attribute the following mot to Lord Lvos: - Well." said a Krenca diplomat to him the other day. 70a are . we are swimming In a parliamentary sea at teat. Tbe English Ambassador, pointing to a bust of Mnv Leok Ilf., replied, " Yes, but with a life-belt I" . The convict Rittkr roan, who has such a malformation of bis orck tbat It waa a debated question whether he could be hang or aot, has been reprieved. i 11. Chevrkau has just submitted to da Municipal Council of Paris a project for In creation of a gratuitous elementary course ef arithmetic and book-keeping, for such girls ef the ower clsases ss are destined for business, to take place four times a week. Tbe CT-ooi- TJl kbar explains bow It waa that the Duke of Edikbubob; got no salute Deig, and the explanation la mast satisfactory..-Two brass gun a. he says, were sent from Lhnrt-pore to Deig on purpose to salute tbe LHike. bob unfortunately, rf while they were slating, on gunner got his hands blown away, and the eiiter got blows away altogether. . Tha Alktmaum learn tbat tho Earl of Al Bemarlb is engaged upon a volume ef Memoir ; and Reminiscences that will throw a light opo a dismal period of English history the elo- t i the Bcgeucy and tba be ginning of Geckos IV. ' reign. . , . ; ,. - The first lilscs of tho season "have Jn't made their appearaaee In tho Paris fiower-niar-keta. The expenditure In Pans for flowers 1 calculated to be 30,000,000 franca annually, n l lilacs account for about 900, out) franca oi tat sum. ; . . It appears that the number of insane persons at bu Petersburg Is relatively smaller t In anv other European capital. The proportion, is one la every l.ou inhabitants, while la l-o n-dou It is one In Boo, in Paris ono in 129. and 1 a. Milan oue in 144. This is chiefly attributed t " Koselan statisticians to tbe defective state of education at St. Petersburg, the number ot 1T-saue ina country usually Increasing mpropir-t ion to lta degree of civilisation. It Is also touu,; that the majority of the Insane ia tha Knasuus. capitalaw women, and that people become i-sane njyst frequently between the ages of thirty afiffTorty. f Le GauloU relates that some workmen engaged tn demolishing an old bouse In tho Qiiar-tter St. Victor, in Paris, eama upon a aet f adders containing soma hundred of. these jtv tiles, st the bottom of an exhausted well, l i tbe mid-tt of this snake nest was found a skel ton, which bsd probably fallen into tha we.l years ago, and the flesh Of which had been 1 v-voured by the adders. Strange to sar, la t i hand of tbe skeleton was a pocket-book of rel morocco leather, la which when opened tbera were fouud forty bank notes for 1,000 franco each, a woman's likeness, and a k-tter which i been almost entirely eaten by tha reptiles, t,n only fragment remaining decipherable bearing the words, Do not make known the plot," - There are 1.483 theater tn Europe, an 1 BO.000 music-halls and 00 neert-rooms. . A Prussian secretary, now In Constan t'.z-ple, writes : There is nothing to de. no one 1 speak to; If you go out, you must go Uks a rue ' -cripple, la a as dan -chair, and you are awaker- . every morning at s o'clock by a fireman, v comes to report that ' tha house is not a 1.. -j yetl"; i . j The Boyal Danish Society of Selene Is? offered a prise for tha beat essay eontslninr an Investigation of the movement of the air ia a, system of ventilation. The asssy assy be writ-tea In English, French, Oermas, ,lanh -r Swedish, and must be sent la before October, 1670. .; . .: . . A statu to Bekbykx la to be erectel i-the Salle des Pas Perdue, at tbe PaUeeot Jt-tice. Parts, by the side of that of XL t LUi- BHEBBEa. ' i Tho Livonian nobility have picaental -v address to the Emperor of Kaaaia praruur I Majesty to allow the re-integration of iie l -man language, and the fundamental autouo-- ' of the Lutheran Church, in that country. 1 Majesty returned the petition with a note wr ten on tbe margin intimating tbat be w 1 -flexible in his resolution to apply to Iarou.s t ) laws and institutions prevailing tn theei... parts of the empire. This was aot all. Ths d -tation intrusted with tbe address for prtwi, -tlon to the MinUter of the Interior was oruwit . to quit St. Petersburg at oace. - ) The Indian Medical Journal pnblishe" experiment to show that the saoukey is r . against strychnine. . . , Bine 1835 tbe number of lunatic in IV' - -has Increased from A.Sper cent of the i tlon to 94.28 per cent. The Inapector-Oei . 1 Lunatics Is of opinion that a oonsideratl rr v-portlon of this in cross is due to th aliu . -spirituous liquors. ; The sal of the IIoTTOwitx domain In T hernia, tbe property ot the Ex-Elector ot LU , realised Sou.eoo thaler. - - A pamphlet of an alarmrn g character 1 - -posed for sale at a bootowlWa ia psremo. row. It ia entitled, Meewone wkythe bviJ n Inetitaoly nnd Speedily hs Vutioyed y I ire. The Berlin journals announce the d In. Cm NtoMm. hiatoriao and Oner aad author of Tho History of the British ilndut,nwl. The History eftAe I ud i- - Mr. JacksO. sculptor, has Just eo?-,, ' erection in WestminsU Abbey, a f- . . statue of Lord Palmsbsto. It is si;ht It - t . Inch ib height, aad Is to stand npoe a v npwsrd of six feet high, snd has been 1:j of a block of Carrara marble. Trinity College, Cambridge," La M way la tha restoration of the ancient 1 sad present continental anode of rr' Latin. The change In the sounds of t 1 was one of those made at the Eforn. ,1 It has made English Latin umnteUii . a t tho rest of tho world. .Now, England f back ia this and other matters to t' 4 fashion, which has beea adapted at K; lege, and will aooa become universal, lb bard oa members ot ParUameot, in ma1 . favorite quotations sound ndiculou ; l . , t reform hurts somebody. - - One of our German-American c-' ranea contains the following item : " A dutngs of ths American students st II who, of late, seem to take compU-t 1 of tbat lovely city of muses, the I01.0 . plaint is made In a letter from tliert : ' . is, that an entirely reckless rouip.11 r r . cans Uve here now, sgaiuxt whom i 1 students cannot prevail at all. If 1 student get drunk, they are fu. 7 If they eaa take each other home in a safe saaauer j but if tbe American tbey assume that thev eaa uck' a 1 . la tae In a, and tbey do aot leave 1 - sooner than the room is empty and them. Tbey are so quarreisouie t. 1 Bans, for ta sake el-beloved pcu . yield and lea v tha field to UitU-uui y i mmmAS- iaua ta the afmhlle ScLoslj. Herman baa been taught now a 3 a 1 branch of study for about one month at : ' Grammar School If. S3 lath Eixt InatraeUoa Is give by a lady tea ! aaasi spelling, reading andrpeaSl: an hour each day, or tw hours it af tbe several elapses, ths fonr 1 ' for tbe present. The bo aeei t and It does aot sppeor t e -other studies. The AorJ ef are making this aa i-"'' decide opoa th Jnlr,ut... 1 regular branch in a'l.s n public schools ef the Ward. Bodangertbst pc-' who Gerniau parents 1 1 --e 1 t their lovs for tis L. ...u 1 . to other hand. 1 ho wn" ' . 1 attract tbe biiur.-n ef c 1 ' 1 ' tiermao pnrau- nm-o.s, , aectanaa cwtractcr.

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