The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 4, 1950 · Page 6
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 6

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Tuesday, April 4, 1950
Page 6
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PAGE SIX BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS The'Notion Today—President Versus Congress Precedent Supports Loyalty File Refusal (Editors Note: This Is tho first of three stories explaining how the President can refuse Congress' demands for secret files.) By James Marlow WASHINGTON. April 4. Can Congress force n President to give It confidential Information he wishes kept secret? . Many Congresses have tried. None has succeeded. Seventeen presidents. starting with Washington, have re' fused such request. Every time In the past when the President turned it down. Congress has let the matter drop. If any Congress had carried its fight to the Supreme Court, there .might have been a final -rvThat hasn't happened. . The. problem Is here again. This Congress demanded secret information—loyally -files—from Mr. Trn- man. He didn't yield. And it is unlikely lhat this' Congress, where Democrats have a majority, will fight him up to the Supreme Court. •.--.'• Cites Separate Powers A President can refuse a Congressional demand to see government papers on these grounds: that in the U.S. Constitution the powers and rights. of the three .branches of the government are clearly separate and one can't impose Its will on the other. . . The three branches are: flV the - legislative—Congress— willch makes the, laws; (2) the judicial—federal leourts—which interpret the laws; 'arid (3) the excel'tive, which carries out the laws. This .branch, headed .Communists and pro-Communists. Proof In Tiles A subcommittee of the Senate was created to Investigate his accusations. He named some state Department employes. State Department officials said those people were Investigated by the FBI or the President's loyalty board and cleared of suspicion. Where, then, Is McCarthy's proof? He said It's In the files of tho FBI, or the Loyalty Board, or the State DepaHmcnt. All three of those agencies arc In the executive branch. But McCarthy said that If the subcommittee, which Is part "of the legislative branch, could sec those files his charges would be proved. At last, Se.' t-r Tydings, Maryland Democrat :jnd chairman of the subcommittee, asked President Truman to let his subcommittee sec tlie secret files of the accused people. Mr. Trnnan wrote Tydings n long letter which, in effect, said "no," although nowhere in his letter did the President fintly say "no." His reasons? Not 111 Public Interest Generally, his reasons for refusing were those given by other Presidents when they refused similar requests: it would not be In the public interest to open the files. But. more spec'iically. Mr. Tru- hurt. Confidential Informants of the sovernment would be revealed and jdrnyed, and the work of the FBI vould be Injured. At once Tydings Issued a sub- TVESDAY, APRIL 4, 1950 WHEELED GOOSE —When Barney the goose hears Mrs. Mnmle Morey's chow call, he comes rolling. Born eight years ago with only one leg. Barney was filled with this "goosemobilc" by a Los Angeles manufacturer of artificial limbs, who read of Barney's plight in a newspaper. Russia to Return Jcp Prisoners TOKYO, April 4. (AP» — Russia IBS offered to return about 4,000 nore Japanese prisoners of war ihc once said she didn't have, Genral MacArthiir'i headquarters said 'cstcrday. The Russians said la-t spring --- -,-- ........ j ....... ,„- hey would send back the "95,000 man said innocent people would be' remaining" Japanese prisoners. i . ^._«u._.,-, ,..,_ .... by the President, includes the vari-1 P>*na—a formal demand—for the • ••• - • secietary of slate. Dean Acheson. the bead of the Civil §crvlcc Commission, Harry Mitchell, and the attorney general, J. Howard Mc- Qrath to turn the files over to the subcommittee. (The President ordered 'them to ignore the suh- pbenas.) Since all three'work in the executive branch and are under the President's orders, none of the three could be expected to go contrary to the refusal already made plain by the President ous departments and agencies, un"der his control. This- was the Idea behind .the "separation of powers in the consti- •tution: to keep the government balanced, with .one branch a. check • gainst the others, so that no one branch could dominate the. others »nd thus run the government. This 'question of the separation of powers comes up again now in the .case of Senator McCarthy, Wiscon- ;sln Republican, who has charged that the State Department harbors f\ Ky number, and said repatriation was completed. Allied and Japanese authorities Insisted some 370,000 prisoners Uik- cn at the end of World War II still had not been accounted for. Since then, the Russians have returned almost 5,000 more. If. upon their refusal to obey the morro subpoena, the subcommittee should drop the matter, that would be the did of lhat. All other committees in the history of Congress have stopped right there. But — suppose the subcommittee and the whole Senate should refuse to take "no" for an answer and decide to take the case to the Supreme Court for final decision. What would . happen? That will be discussed to- Ho/y Week in Jerusalem JERUSALEM, April 4. <AI>) — Approximately 1,000 Christian pilgrims from the United States and other countries are expected inside the old walled city of Jerusalem tins week for holy week observances. This compares with only n hand-? ful able to lake part last year due . I to the tense situation In the divid- ; | ed city. The old city with most of Ihc holy shrines is under control of Arab Jordan. The new city is mosth held by the Israelis. By racking up 711 points during the 12-game Pacific Coast conference season. UCLA's basketball team became the highest scoring -'••*• '" southern division history. ''Say It With Flowers" BIytheville FLOWER MART Memphis Illwaj Phone 6092 _ EVERY American boy dreams of being a policeman some day. Because a policeman is the hero who fights crime yet still remains the child's friend at the school corner. He's the symbol of American freedom where the law is the trusted servant of the people. But it's a whole lot different in pohce states, where the man in uni- Iform is the symbol of tyranny and of Oppression. It can't happen here, you say? Yet many a country has been inched into a ' soclahs t'c form of government, so slowly so gradually, that its people were enslaved before they realized the danger . . . and all the while their leaders declared, "Everything is being done for Ithe good of the people 1" Yes, even in the United States, we hear people say, "Let the government control certain industries and services. Let it begin by taking over the doctors, the newspapers, the railroads, the electric light and power companies. Government control is good for the people 1" This is how a socialistic government gets its foothold. Remember this: Every time govern- 1 ment gains control of something else,! you lose something—another: liberty. Eventually government grows stronger, and the people become the slaves to the law. The friendly cop on the corner is replaced by the watchful agents of a too-powerful government. Who wants that kind of America? No-) body! Well, it's up to you/ "MEET COnuSS ARCHER" fo , delightful comedy. CBS, Sunday,, 8 P.M., Central Time. Ark-Mo Power Co. HERMANN'S IN BLYTHEVILLE QUITS - SALE NOW ON! Everything Must G)! Prices Slashed! LADIES PANTIES Run Resistant ftH^C Rayon %std. Colors UNBLEACHED DOMESTIC 36" Wide the Material of 1000 Uses Yd.— MEN'S SUITS Reg. $45 $1 deduced to I LADIES SUITS 65 and TOPPERS New Spring Gabardine LADIES DRESSES $ Reg.! 98 Prints & Chqmbrays LADIES GOWNS issld. Colors Rayon Jersey Reg. 1.39 LADIES SHOES; REDUCED 1 GROUP LADIES SHOES New Spring Colors - Nationally Adv. —- Reduced for Easter! $ On Table for Easy Selection Values to 8,95 3- $ 4- $ 5- $ 6 $ 1- $ 2- $ 3 NYLON HOSE First Quality New Spring Shades PRINTED PIQUE 36" Wide Solid Luana In 42" Widths Values to $1.45 BOYS PANTS Rayon Gabardine 6 to 16 Gray or Blue CREPE SLIPS Lace Trim White or CANNON SHEETS Type 128 Muslin 81x99 98 BOYS SUITS 1 Group Broken Sizes BLythevilie Arkansas

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