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Clarion-Ledger from Jackson, Mississippi • Page 6

Jackson, Mississippi
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Clarion-Ledger, Jackson, Sunday Morning, uctoocr iy, Page Six Oration on Napoleon May Foretell Fate of Fuehrer The McComb Journal recalls Ingcrsoll's famous oration on 'Napoleon, delivered long before the "brutal, infamous German monster, Adolph Hitler, most hated man in all the world, even dreamed of coming into power." The Journal believes, and most civilized people hope, that this oration will applv to the Fueher's final fate. Said Ingersoll, of Napoleon's ambitious sweep into Russia: "A little while ago, I stood by the of the old Napoleon, a magnificent tomb of gilt and gold, fit for a dead deity and gazed upon the ear- cophagus of Black Egyptian marble, where rest at last the ashes of that restless man. I leaned over the balus- trade and thought about the career of -the greatest soldier of the modern world. "I saw him walking upon the banks of the Seine, contemplating suicide. I saw him at Toulon 1 saw him putting down the mob in the streets of Paris I saw him at the head of the army of Italy I saw him crossing the bridge at Lodi with the tricolor in his hand I saw him in Egypt in the shadow of the Pyramids I saw him conquer the Alps and mingle the eagles of France with the eagles of the crags I saw him at Marengo at Ulm and Austcr-litz I saw him in Russia, where the infantry of the snow and the cavalry of the wild blast scattered his legions like winter's withered leaves.

I saw him at Leipsic in defeat and disaster driven by a million bayonets back upon Paris clutched like a wild beast-banished to Elba. I saw him upon the frightful field of Waterloo, where Chance and Fate combined to wreck the fortunes of their former king. And I saw him at St. Helena, with his hands crossed behind him, gazing out upon the sad and solemn sea. "I thought of the orphans and wid-.

ows he had made of the tears that had been shed for his glory, and of the only woman who ever loved him, pushed from his heart by the cold hand of ambition. And I said I would rather have been a French peasant and worn wooden shoes. I would rather have lived in a hut with a vine growing over the door, and the grapes growing purple in the kisses of the autumn sun. I would rather have been the poor peasant with my loving wife by my side, knitting as the day died out of the sky with my children upon my knees and.their arms about mc. I would rather have been that man and gone down to the tongueless silence of the dreamless dust than to have been that imperial personification of force and Finland's Choice For World Opinion Opinion has been reserved In this country on Finland's participation Jn the war with most people waiting to see how long she would continue to fight Russia.

Because of past cordial relations between Finland and the United States, a majority of Americans have been reluctant to condemn the little nation for attempting to regain territory taken from her by the Russians. Now, however, Finland stands at the cross-roads. What she decides will determine whether or not she Is to be classified with the aggressor nations. Secretary Hull's request for a statement of Finland reply to Britain on the same point that "important 1939 areas arc still in the hands of the enemy" is being studied to determine if Finland is still fighting only a defensive war or has now embarked on aggression with Germany. Finland's decision to take advantage of help from the Germans to regain her own soil was pretty well understood.

The Russian assault on her was as brutal and no more justified than Germany's attack on Russia. A majority of, Americans will hope that Finnish leaders will prove the sincerity of their repeated statements that they have been fighting without political committments to Germany and only to get back what rightfully is theirs. Proof of the opposite would mean loss of an international friendship and the degeneration into the role of international gangster of a nation that has heretofore been honorable. HUMORETTES "After all, Congressmen are one of them, thereby pointing out another great weakness of Congress. Shirley Temple, now adolescent and no longer possessed of little-girl "cutcness," will return to the screen.

She'll be successful, too, if she can act. Russians are exasperating to' Hitler. They won't believe they are licked when he tells them they are. Typical of Press Reaction To Lindbergh's Nazi Tactics "The rising tide of American indignation at Charles Lindbergh, the brazen Jew-baiter of America First, may overwhelm him. If he keeps on raising the anti-Semitic issue, he will demoralize the America First Committee, which is sponsoring "Along with other fair-minded citizens, the Gazette wishs to register its protest at Lindbergh's attack upon the Jews.

"Shame on you, Charles Lindbergh, for injecting the Nazi race issue into American politics! "Why is it necessary to defend an honest, patriotic cause by the indefensible injection of Hitler's anti-Semitism into this debate on national policy?" Does that sound as if it was printed in a Democratic newspaper supporting the President's foreign policy 100 percent, a partisan and prejudiced paper? It wasn't. We are quoting from the Emporia (Kansas) Gazette. And the editorial continues: "You single out the Jews among all the creeds and religions for your cruel, unjustifiable attack. Man' for man, you could have named as many Methodists, Congre-' nationalists, Catholics or Episcopalians who are supporting with entirely patriotic motives your isolationist cause as you can name Jews who are supporting the American foreign policy. "What if we who differ with you and your associates should pick out one denomination, for instance the Catholics, and should accuse the Pope and the American hierarchy of playing Hitler's game of bloody conquests? How your friends would rage at such dastardly injustice, and rightly, too.

"We on our side' who differ with you would protest against this discrimination as foul, play. You know how quickly we should join all patriots supporting our cause to disavow such un-American, treas- -onable disobedience to our constitutional Bill of Rights. "When the President called you a cop-. per-head, the Gazette defended you. When they tried to stop your meeting in Oklahoma, this newspaper denounced the Ku Klux shirttail rangers who would deny your liberty of speech.

It would defend you in your right to speak your mind. "You can pillory the Jews if you will, or the Methodists or the Catholics If you dare, but, alas, in defending your inalienable right to speak your mind, the Gazette cannot hold its silence at the normal treason of your words-at your unkind, unneigh-borly, dishonest words. "Shame on you, Charles Lindbergh This, we believe, typifies and expresses well the reaction of practically all of the American press, regardless of the partisan stands of the individual newspapers on the foreign policy controversy, to Lindbergh's indefensible injection of Nazi Jew-baiting -into the controversy. xThe press, including the opposition press, defends Lindbergh's right to speak his mind. But it recognizes the treason of his words and condemns his dishonesty.

Better Preliminary Training Reducing Parachutists' Injuries Parachute troops are regarded as being in the most dangerous of all the military services. But a report by Army doctors, printed in the journal of the American Medical Association, reveals that the percentage of injuries to jumpers is surprisingly low and is being steadily reduced through improved methods of preliminary training. Less than three percent of the jumps resulted in injuries. Between August 1, 1940, and the same date this year, only 121 of 4,490 jumps resulted in injuries, and only 32 of the jumpers were injured seriously enough to require hospital treatment. Of these 32 soldiers 25 suffered fractures.

The report lists only one fatality, the killing of a soldier who jumped at 750 feet and whose main and emergency parachutes failed to open completely. This medical report makes interesting reading for many citizens, and it is an intelligent not a morbid interest. Hitler has several times demonstrated the value and effectiveness of parachute troops. They can be used both offensively and defensively. The training and equipping of an adequate number of them is a vital part of the American army expansion program.

So is the development of defense tactics against parachutists. The number of soldiers now in' training as parachutists will be substantially increased. Whereas only 4,490 jumps were made during the year covered by this report, with only 800 men taking part, tens of thousands of jumps will be made this, year by thousands of men. Hence the importance, and cheerfulness, of this official medical report revealing that improved methods of preliminary training and of conditioning the soldiers physically for this special service, are steadily reducing the percentage of injuries. Smith.

County Proudly Reports Reduced Taxes and a Surplus A news story from Raleigh quotes a statement by W. C. Jones, the chancery clerk, to the effect that tax levies in all taxing districts in Smith county have been reduced for the year the reductions ranging from 1.5 to 8.5 mills. The statement adds that funds are on hand to pay all bonds and interest charges when due; that a surplus exists in the county general fund, and that the board of supervisors, since taking office in January, 1940, has "made great progress in restoring the credit of the county and getting it back on a good, sound financial basis." If all these things are true, and we have no reason to doubt them, the Smith county supervisors and taxpayers alike are to be congratulated. It is an impressive and highly creditable record, one that should enhance Smith county's general reputation, with real benefits and protections for the the taxpayers doubtless are competent and willing to give credit where credit is due.

Profit-Motive in Business Stands Test of 200 Years That venerable lexicographer of the 18th century, Samuel Johnson, who wrote the dictionary in eight years among- other writings, penned a truth that has stood the test of 200 years of time. Said he: "Men are seldom more innocently employed than when they are making money." Despite efforts of some government theorists, the profit-motive in business continues to exert a profound influence along the line of service, and has moved Royal F. Munger of Chicago to comment along this fashion: "Consider what money-making It must somewhere, a service for which others are willing to pay, and hence should be perform- ing a benefit to society in some fash- ion. (Getting money by means that do' not help others, or that injure them, is the sort of thing laws are passed to prevent.) The activity must be efficient enough to show a profit, or it will go broke and hence lose money instead of making it. "In the competition to perform ser- vices for others, more cheaply than a rival agency can do so, even the most unwilling mortal is forced to be alert, clean, obliging, friendly, honest.

The man diligent in his business can stand before kings; his customers like him or they would not remain his custo- -mers. The discipline of the job holds him firm in the groove of conduct that 4 he That is good for all of us. "When various social planners talk about taking the profit-motive out of business, as they usually do about the third cup of coffee, i they have little conception of the Pandora's box of troubles which relaxation of that at-, traction might unloose." Nazi "Mercy Killings Symptomize State Rule The courageously outspoken Bishop of 1 Muenster, Count Clemens August Von Galen, who has defied the Nazis outside his doors before, has given confirmation to rumors that the depravity and inhumanity of the rulers of Germany have reached the point where they, are putting to death thousands of inmates of insane asylumns in the name of "mercy killing." Bishop von Galen, daring whatever vengeance may be taken against him, has exposed and denounced the killings of "mental defectives, invalids and the incurably sick" because by the definition of the Nazis they are "unproductive," and has delivered his indictments from" his pulpit. His words are worth pondering here because they bring a reminder of what can happen when the state, or government, becomes the master instead of the servant of the: people. The cardinal Nazi principle is that the nation is everything and the individual is nothing.

The American principle is that the individual has certain inviolate rights, which even the nation may not suspend or suppress. If that principle is ever forsaken, the American people will be laying themselves open to the same dangers now imposed on the Germans. As Bishop von Galen is quoted as saying at one point: "If it is once conceded that men have the right to kill 'unproductive fellow creatures and if it at first affects only poor helpless insane persons, then fundamentally the murder of all 'unproductive' persons is given full rein Then none of our lives is safe any more; some kind of a commission can put you on a list of 'unproductive' who, according to their decision, have become unworthy to live." The reaction of the German people to. the "mercy killing" program of the Nazis, will be significant. Their acceptance of it will leave no further doubt that they have degenerated to the lowest level that humans can sink to and still be classified as humans.

Killing defenseless citizens of lands they have invaded is bad. enough. Killing the invalids and sick among their own peoples is even worse. Federal Automobile Tax Must Be Paid in January Internal Revenue Collector Eugene Fly announces that Mississippi owners of motor vehicles will have to pay the new annual Federal "use tax" during January, with. February 1 the deadline to avoid penalties which may include a $25 fine and a 30-day jail sentence.

The tax is $5 per year on each car, regardless of age or make. The first payment, however, will be only $2.09 since it will not be for a full year but for the first months ending with the fiscal year June 30. We presume that the annual federal tax thereafter will have to be paid during June each year. That may be a difficult time for many Mississippi automobile owners, farmers in particular. It would be much more convenient for many of them if the time for payment of this federal tax could coincide with the time for payment of state road and bridge privilege taxes, during October.

This, however, apparently cannot be arranged. Paying this direct tax will impress upon many Mississippians for the first time the fact that we are having to pay for a war and that none will escape all of the burden. "Hitler is not waging a war for an ideology. He is waging an ideology for a war." Dorothy Thompson. Analyzing the foregoing play on words is analogous to weighing a vacuum.

Not only should we face facts in these starkly realistic times, but we should face them without wearing rose-colored glasses. Among other liabilities left by a Texas poet who committed suicide was a poem addressed to his creditors. Far East to distract the United States and Great Britain, to prevent the United States Navy from concentrating on the Atlantic. Japanese militarists are demanding action, even at risk of war with the United and Britain. But the Japanese government is watching developments in Russia, and Japan's decision probably depends upon those developments.

Moscow's fall might quickly be followed by a Japanese attack on Siberia, involving interference with American ships carrying war supplies to Russia, these ships passing through Japanese waters. But Japan is not likely to take a step risking war with Britain and the United States until convinced that Hitler will conquer. Friday's news from. Russia also shouted warnings to the JJnited States, warnings that the time may be short, warnings that our program of aid to Russia and Britain, if interrupted in the least, may also soon be proved to be "too little, and too late." Odessa, Russia's great grain port, fell to the Germans and Rumanians last Thursday, after 59 days of siege, with soldiers, women, and half-grown children fighting desperately to the last to defend barricades in the city's streets. Moscow is in grave danger.

Its fall to the Germans may be a matter of only a few days. Red armies are preparing for a last-stand before the capital, and Berlin claims German troops are within 60 miles of Moscow and have had the city's outer defenses under artillery fire for days. Foreign governments "are moving their staffs from Moscow 450 miles eastward to Kazan, and the Russian government also reportedly is fleeing to the same place. Women and children are being armed to aid in the city's defense. A last-ditch stand is assured there.

Continued and effective Red military resistance to the Nazi also seems assured even if Moscow falls and new defense lines have to be established to the east. But the Russian picture is dark, and it is too late for American and British, aid to have any effect in deciding Moscow's fate. Russian resistance throughout the winter; however, would require that aid. Representatives of the American people in Congress also on Friday indicated that they were reading" the warnings, too, for, as we write, House passage of the bill permitting the arming of American ships seems assured by night. Last but not least, President Roosevelt also on Friday hinted that the Office of Production Management may intervene directly and immediately in some of the extensive strikes which are plaguing the defense industries and handicapping and endangering the whole defense program.

strike situation is one of the darkest warnings in this background. It is one of the gravest of our dangers. It is proof that direct government action to end these strikes and to prevent new ones cannot safely be put off any longer. Here in Mississippi, the great shipyards at Pascagoula, building vitally needed ships for the United States and Britain, were kept idle for days this week, by strikes. Another strike threatens the huge bomber plant of the Consolidated Aircraft corporation at San Diego.

A Bendix, New Jersey, plant manufacturing vital airplane parts, -where CIO men. walked out two weeks ago, faces threats of closure by violence. Another strike closes a Detroit steel plant. The CIO United Miners threaten a strike in softcoal mines operated by steel mills. Another CIO strike closes a Steel Improvement plant at Cleveland, where steel is hardened and tempered for gun mounts, aircraft parts, tank axles, and dies.

And CIO unionists in a Toledo plant refuses to handle tank parts manufactured by A. F. of L. workmen in a Michigan plant, and thus prevent the production of hundreds of urgently needed tanks. As fast as one strike is settled under, promises of arbitration or by giving the strikers all they demand, other strikes are threatened or called in other essential defense industries, until no more proof is needed by any intelligent citizen or congressman that some of the labor unions are deliberately and persistently calling such strikes in defense industries in efforts to gain increased powers under threats of sabotaging the defense program.

In these dark and critical days, this cannot longer be tolerated by the nation whose security is at stake. In all the dark picture this is the blackest spot. President O'Neil, of the General Tire and Rubber Company, which is building and which will operate the Ordnance plant at Flora, voiced a challenge and a warning to the people of Mississippi. "The responsibility for the biggest part of the job rests squarely with the people of this area. "We cannot do the job alone.

We cannot even start it alone. You people are far more important to this plant than any manufacturer. You people will do the actual work. Your labor will determine whether the building is ready on time whether the plant operates at full efficiency In this struggle for preparedness, the man who shoulders the rifle or runs the tank is no more vital than the man who makes the airplane or the ammunition You and we can see to it that these sons of ours have the machines and the guns and the powder." Mississippi, welcoming this first ordnance plant, will' meet this challenge. Mississippi labor will see to it that this plant is finished on time, and that it operates to full capacity and' efficiency.

Any effort to prevent construction or operation would be condemned and broken by Mississippians. For Mississippians know that General Somervell spoke wisdom and truth when he said: "This is the grim job of arming America so we can really defend ourselves. I know that you would give your all for defense if were declared that is not enough it is better to work now with everything that is in us rather than to wait, wait, lose and be enslaved tomorrow." Oxuea and Eflitea IL H. HENRY Fllty years from 1871 to 1931 T. M.

HEDERMAN R. M. HEDERMAN. JR. Editor Manager MEMBER OP THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Tfca Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to tne use for publication of all news dispatches credited to it or otherwise not credited In this paper and also the local news published herein.

All Departments Dial 3-2421 SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY 'CARRIER la Territory Weekly .20 Three Months Monthly .85 Six Months 5.20 One 'Year $10.40 BY CARRIER to all other points: Weekly J5 Three Months Monthly .63 Six Months 3.90 One Year $70 LA- ROUTES (Daily by Mail Sunday by Motor Routes, where this service is available) Weekly J3 Three Months Monthly .65 Six Months 350 Two Months 1.30 One Year 7.80 R. P. D. Mall in Mississippi One Month. $.65 Six Months $2 75 Two Months 1.30 One Year COO Three Months 1.50 Sunday Only, 2.60 Outside Mississippi.

17 80 per year, by maiL Back Papers If Available, 10c per copy. No mall subscriptions accepted In towns where carrier delivery Is maintained. Entered the Jackson, Mississippi, PosxIflce as second class mall matter. Full Associated Press Reports There are disloyalties and there are crimes which shock our sensibilities, which may brinr suffering upon those who are touched by their Immediate results, bat there Is no disloyalty and no crime in ail the caterory of human weak nessea which compares with the failure of probity in the conduct of publlo trust. The breaking down of the faith of a people the honesty ef their government and In the Integrity el their Institutions, the lowering ef the respect for standards of honor which prevail In high -places, are crimes for which punishment can never atone.

War News a Black-Red Background For Ordnance Plant Ceremonies S. Warship Torpedoed." "New Crisis In Pacific." Ships Ordered To Ports. Vote Near To Ann Ships. "Last-Ditch Fight At Moscow. These were just some.

of the. ominous headlines 'in Friday's newspapers, the same issues of the same papers which also reported the ceremonies attendant to ground-breaking for construction of the ordnance plant at Flora. These grim headlines echoed and em- ghasized some of the sober pleas and warn-igs voiced by military and industrial officials before, during1 and after these ground-breaking ceremonies. The day's news provided a black and scarlet background for the ceremonies, background revealing the world situation with all its threats to our security, with its threats of war, with its crimson warning that speed and more speed in advancement of our defense program is imperative, that nothing must be permitted to handicap further this program, that even a little more delay may write for the United States the epitaph written for too many other nations, "Too little and too late." The United States destroyer Kearny was torpedoed Friday morning while on patrol duty 350 mile i south and west of Iceland, not far from wh era, the U. S.

destroyer was unsuccessfully attacked by a submarine more than a month ago. The Navy reports that early information indicates there were no casualties. It reports that the Kearny, one of the Navy's newest destroyers, is still afloat and able to proceed under her own power. More information will be available by the- time this is printed. But no more information is needed for American citizens to realize that this is war, that this partially successful attack on a Unitedv States warship will probably be followed by other attacks, and by counter-attacks, by an intensification of the Navy's efforts and determination to drive all Axis submarines and raiders out of all waters vital to the national defense, to hunt them and to shoot on sight.

During the same hours Friday morning, while ground was being broken' for this first ordnance plant in Mississippi, the Associated Press reported from Washington: "Authoritative quarters indicated today that all American merchant ships had been ordered out of Japanese and Chinese wa-. ters because of what the Navy called 'the situation in the Pacific' That report also may be verified or denied by the time this issue of the Clarion-Ledger is printed. But it is evidence of the tensity, the stark seriousness, of the new crisis in the Pacific, a crisis which may fan into war without further warning. The Japanese cabinet which was placed in power less than three months ago, and which sponsored the negotiations and.con-versations with the United States regarding ways and means of lessening the friction between the two nations, resigned Thursday night. The Emperor, within a few hours, -selected General Hideki Tojo, one of the Japanese army's three most powerful figures and long an admirer of the Nazi military machine, to form a new cabinet.

Washington sources later reported that General Tojo, though a member of the aggressive Nationalist group in Japan, is more conservative than one or two other Army heads who might have been appointed to name the new cabinet, and that Tojo may place in charge of the foreign office another "moderate" who would favor more co-operation with the democracies and who might prevent the immediate and final failure and abandonment of the efforts to achieve agreement between the United States and Britain and Japan. More information regarding these matters also will be revealed by the time this is printed. But the Pacific situation is tensely dangerous. Relations between the United States and Japan are near a break. Hitler puts more and more pressure on Japan, as an Axis member, to aid Germany either by attacking Russia through Siberia or.

by resuming her aggressive moves in the 'What would you save first If you were to awake in the nteht and discover your house was on fire?" asks a psychologist. 'Oursclf. "Only a blithering fool is certain about anything in this strange world!" positively declares a Harvard professor. "Man, 101, Marries for First Time." Headline. No sort of luck can last always.

Another reason why we long to be young again is because we knew so much then. A naturalist says the cheetah is the fleetest animal. He never saw a cat get his head caught in a tin can and try to back out of it. Why is it that a person who has nothing to do always wants a busy person to help him do jt.T..

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