The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on June 7, 1949 · Page 8
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June 7, 1949

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 8

Blytheville, Arkansas
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Tuesday, June 7, 1949
Page 8
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PAG* EIGHT BLYTHEVILI.E (ARK.) COimiER NEWS BLYTHEV1LLJE COURIER NEWS TSX OOORIKB NEW* OO. • W ftAWES, rADL O awry Altanoo* Euapt w veood dui autn at Uw JUyttofUl*, ArtaJUM. under u* ot OeMfcg t, M17 SUBSCRIPTION RATKS: •y Mrriet In the dt» ot BlrtbertlU at ui •uburfcui torn wben carrier •erric* » 4*J» t^jd 3Qe per week, « tec p« month •7 mail, withip * raditu ot SO mil** $4.00 pet y«*r. CtjM (or «i* rnonthi »l.flO (or three month*; •7 mail OTt'id* W mile ton* S10JM per reej la tdirane*. Meditations For that which tofalleta the »oii« W men ••- falMk keaati; even one thing belalleOi the»i aa Ihe we dieth, M dleth the other; ;ea, they hare all (Be breath; •» that a man bath n« pre- MUKMKC above a heait: tor all h vanity.—re- attea >:U. Leaves have their tiint to fall, And (lowers to wither at the north wind'« breath. " And s'.ars to set—but all. Thou h«sl all Masons lor thine own, O Death. —Felicia Hemans. Congress Gets Eviction Note From Repairman When July rolls around, Congress is going: to be dispossessed. Major repair* and remodeling are set to begin then in both the Senate and House chambers in the Capitol, so the present occupants of these premises must move. Just before the war the sklight ceilings in both laces were ruled unsafe— not fit to withstand much longer the reverberations of congressional oratory. In those days Congress was meeting almost continuously, but the lawmakers were shooed out while naked steel piers »nd beams were'installed to support the thaky ceilings temporarily. Permanent repairs, it was said, had to wait on longer recesses and more materials. The war came along. Like many "temporary" structures in Washington, the steel supports have lasted a good while, about nine years in this case. Maybe congressmen are afraid they won't like the acoustics when the factory-like framework is gone. But finally July of this ear was-fixerl as a deadline^ Leaders in Congress now say July 31 it the earliest possible adjournment datt for this session. Hence the legislators are going to have to conduct the nation's business elsewhere for at least a month. The Senate has decided to meet in th« rather small chamber that was its original home from 1819 to 1857. This »pot, in the Capitol near the Senate wing, was later occupied by the Supreme Court until it got its own building in 1935. The Senate met there for six weeks in 1940, while riveters were tossing hot steel around the regular chamber during installation of the supports. Working in the smaller setting imposes several handicaps. If all 96 senators showed up at once, which practically never happens, it's doubtful they'd all have a place to sit down. When the Supreme Court moved out some of the justices took along their favorite chairs. Possibly a few 'senators could drag theirs over from the big chamber. There'll be mighty little space for the press in the temporary Senate tjuar- ters, and virtually no accommodations for the public. This will be a disappointment to those of our senators who are at their best before well-filled galleries. The 435 House members are expected to perform their chores in the huge, high-ceilingetl hearing room of the Ways and Means Committee. It's in the new House office building. That means less exercise for the congressmen, who now trot over to the Capitol several times a ctav to answer roll calls in busy sessions. Fortunately for the lawmakers, aivd probably for the country, none of these temporary arrangements will deprive them of their treasured air-conditioning in muggy summertime Washington. We tremble to think what might find its way onto the statute books if they liad to cope again with a combination of high humidity and high congressional tempers! "th« heijrht of the ikygcrappen and tht fUsh of the electric »i«rn» are intended to astound the unprepared man, to upset accustomed concept! of normal scale* natural to man." Clearing- away the verbal underbrush, we take lhi« to mean that our Russian visitor wa* truly amazed at what he saw, and it rather unsettled him in his pat notions about the wonders of hie Communist homeland. In Other Words . . . Sergei Gerasimov, a Soviet delegate to the recent Communist-inspired "peace conference" in N'ew York, has published his impressions of Manhattan upon returning to .Moscow. Among other things, lie notes that VIEWS OF OTHERS Security vs. Secrecy Secrecy isn't security. >'or that reason a congressional investigation of the Atomic Energy Commission may prove a boon. It may help Americans to understand the real nature of security and its relation to the atomic program. But we hope that before it goes much further I lie inquiry will climb out of the miasma In which it was launched. We need an investigation wnicn will weigh the solid achievements of the ABC against recently headlined charges of laxity and give us a reasonable perspective. There are two concepts of security. One emphasizes secrecy. It is likely to be much concerned with spy scares. These easily lend themselves to a holiday of headline hysteria. For instance, the public has gained the impression that the granting of fellowships for atomic study to Communists was a blow at security in the sense that it gave them access to secrets. But these studies were never in the secret field at all. We believe these giants were mistaken, but not because they did any damage to atomic secrecy. The noted scholars who awarded these fellowships hid another concept of security. They were looking for the best researcher* they could find— for men who could best advance American knowledge of atomic fission. They had the idea that such knowledge and its development into greater industrial power or into new weapons would promote American security. In our opinion, this Is a sound concept of security. But those In charge should have realized that researchers of doubtful loyalty would be of doubtful value. The chief reason given or the investigation is the disappearance of 3.49 grams of Uranium 2-:i5 from the AEC's Argonne Laboratory in Chicago. Thi.s incident has not yet been adequately explained, but already it looks far less perilous than the first publicity made it appear. Instead of nearly a pound of a pound of fissionable material, only 128th part of a pound is missing. That is an amount about the size of a plnhead. We are told also that this bit of material would not help an enemy make a'bomb. And the FBI »ays there fe no evidence that spies got it. Of course, if there has been mismanagement In the AEC, the American people want to know it. But we do not believe these two incidents justify any assumption of "incredible mismanage-, ment." We do believe the congressional watchdog committee will be doing great damage to Amert- cim security if it allows this false emphasis on fear and secrecy, on what might be called plnhead security, to continue. For only by dynamic development of the atom's resouces will Its full contribution to security be obtained. This is the big secret ol the atom. Quite possibly the fact that the Argonne Laboratory has misplaced al pinhead nf U-235 Is less important than someiof the advances it hsus scored in the'field of atomic studies. Quite possibly the work done by the AEC In obtaining supplies of uranium, in restoring the morale of researchers, in maintaining secrecy, and in pushing industrial uses of atomic energy are more important—more important to security—than the Inadequate attention given to the loysly of men receiving federal fellowships. There are two kinds of security. One is fearful and negative, one is bold and positive. The latter is in the best American tradition. —CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR SO THEY SAY To Him That Hath Shall Be Given TUESDAY, JUNE 7, 194* PETER EDSONS Washington News Notebook Atomic Energy Commission's Security Nearly 100 Per Cent Puncture-Proof WASHINGTON— (NEA1 —It is charged that under the chairmanship of David E. Lilienthal one- eighth of an ounce of uranium oxide has been lost. This brings up Ihe matter of how AEC is orfcamzed to protect mpterial.s. Uranium oxide valuable fissionable is a salt— a pow- dtr. The particular bit of uranium oxide lost was a bottle I feel that membership in the Communist Party indicates at best a luzziness of mind, a Uct of meiHal maturity, and it worst a loyalty to another Rovei-nment.—Dr. Henry r>Wolf Smyth, chairman, physics department. Princeton University. » • • If the leadership of this unwarranted iFord) strike had concentrated as much on finding a ivay of pulling their political hot potatoes oul or the fire, this strike would, have endert long since, and perhaps would never have stance!.— Henry Poid II. president, Ford Motor Co. • • » U ithc divorce casf of Mr. and Mvs. Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr.) Involves the future president of the United Slates.—Oeoisc Springmeyer, attorney for Mrs. Roosevelt, pleading with newsmen to handle the case decorously. * * * The choice is not between order and liberty. It is between liberty without order and anarchy n-ichaut. either. There Is danger that, il the iSu- preme) Court does not temper its doctrinaire logic with a little practical wisdom, it will convert the Constitutional Bill ol Rlgnts into x suicide pact.—Justice Robert H. Jar.Kson. in a dissenting opinion on the Termlniello Iree speech case. » • » It is not too l«te to save the system which has made America the envy and the hope of mankind. But we must have less emotion, less propaganda, less wishful thinging. and a tougher scrutiny of promises In relation to results.—Bruce Barton, advertising executive mid former congressman. t * * No union with iin ounce of self-rpspecl would »llow a corporation to drive the workers at excessive «peed.—Walter Reulher. President UAW. • * « There Is no «oiind reason for Americans to lose confidence in the United Nation*.—Secretary of Sutt Dean Achenon. at ArRonne Laboratcles, University of Chicago. The boule is also miys- intr. although mast of Ihe uranium oxide it had in i(. has (low been recovered by analysis and reproccss- inz of waste at Oak Rictee. Tenn. How much uranium oxide was in Ihe bottle originally., the Atomic ; Energy Commission refuses to say. Chairman Brien McMahon's Joint Congressional Committee on Atomic Energy may want to bring this out in its current investigation of Lilienthal's management. Pending that disclocuif. tiie commission feels it -should not talk about it. Iowa Republican Sen. Bourke Hickenlooper, former chairman of the jnint committee has said there were nine or ten ounces. How this particular bil of lost lir- nium oxide pot itlto the bottle is ather interesting. A bar of uranium metal was being turned in a lathe or special use. The turnings—the urls of wr.ste metal, if you please— 'ere carefully saved. But pure uranium metal is very c. T ive. chemically. To save Die ura- lium content, these fragile, scrap linings were "burned." or oxirlUcd. Uranium oxide is a more stable chemical compound. Th« "Waste" Turns Up The uranium oxide was carefully accounted for. That is why it was missed. All waste materials at AEC plants are carefully analysed, hnw- ver for just possible loss. When the Argonne wastes were, analyzed at Oak Ridge, the uranium oxide was of such character ancl concentration that it was easily identlml- able as having come from the bottle of uranium oxide made from the lathe turnings. That is how the lass was traced and !hat Is how detailed and accurate is the accounting system for fissionable materials".set up by the Atomic Energy Commission under Chaiman David E. Lilienthal. It beats even the precautions at the U. S minis where smoke is filtered and dust swept up to recover every grpin of sold and silver. AEC begins with hundreds of tons of ore. c from mines in the U S. Canada and the Belgian Congo. It ends up by accounting for micro- ;copic amounts of metal. Manhat- tanpro.iecl had no such detailed accountability -tystem. It was interested only in producing a bomb. AEC Normandy Beachhead Attack Gave Stalin a Big Advantage HM DOCTOR SAYS now has uniform system <'of ac- for uranium and plllton- counting ium. The ore is first crushed and graded into what Is known as teed material. Here it is first assayed for uranium content. That i s a ll the government buvs and that is all it accounts for. Second step is to produce ''brown salt" urnnium oxide. Third step is to produce "preen salt." uranium tetrafluoride. Next step, uranium hrxit fluoride, a gas, for use at Oak Rirloe. At Hanford the feed material ts converted into extremely Durc metal billets Thi- billets are then made into rods for usn in the reactors, or piles. Part of ihe uranium Is here converted into plutonium. which la then separated from the nranium. Check. Chfi-k. Check All the Way Both plutonium and uranium hexafluoride are extremely posion- ous. So there is extra reason for accountability on every particle, as a safety mea.sure. At every step, wastes are recovered and reprocessed where passible. This means accounting for the salvage of sludges fluids, concentrates, dusts, dross, slags and sweepings. The bookkeeping system would drive the average CPA nuts. Every AEC installation has to report every month. Shipments 'from one plant to another—made under armed guard—must check. Teams 'of inspectors go out regularly to check accounts. Some of the material goes to weapons and some to research. At every stage of research, the uranium of plutonium content may change form. That makes accountability all the more difficult. There is never 100 per cent accountability in any manufacturing process because there are process tosses in every chemical change. But .w carefully are these processes controlled that process losses be measured and accounted for as such. All checks are necessary to make .sure that the AEC security force of 1800 officers is doing Its job Talk about Russia and its iron curtain. The very whereabouts of some of the 1210 AEC installations has never been announced. The number of classified secret documents AEC euards is around 150.000. About 10.000 new documents are classified every month. Guards patrol many miles of chain link fence, set In concrete and top- 1 Ded with barbed wire. They are assisted by automatic alarms using infra-red, photo-electric, temperature, proximity and sonic detectors. They have tamper-proof identification system, stand-by communications system and they undergo rigorous training. From the Army they have, obtained armored vehicles and speci?! weapons. At the most sensitive production points, they have anti-sabotage protection. »» Mwta P. Jer«», M. D. WrttU* to NEA Serrlee Every yea,, uaually in the »um- mer, a few people are hit by « bolt of lightning. Sara .re killed but other* aurvlre. In genera), lightning acts on the human body in much the ume way that any other electrical current of equal ttrength would do. It may produce Injury my means of direct effect of the current, by mean* of highly heated air or other material through which the bolt ° ( lightning h*a passed, or by the effect of a blaat of air caused by the rapid progress ol the electrically charged "bolt." A bolt of lightning which strikes a person can burn dangerously. Generally a person who is struck becomes unconscious , Immediately. If recovery takes place there are quite understandable temporary nervous effects, perhaps changes in vision and, of course, burns. If the Immediate effects are survived and the bums are not too extensive or serious, complete recovery w the rule, though occasionally late effects may be felt for some time. U«eleM T* Wory I t is not vise to worry too much about the danger of being struck by lightning. It -is not common and if it should happen there is nothing to do about it until afterwards. Certain precautions, however .are well worth while. The use of an umbrella in a thundershower increases the chances of being hit because of the metal shaft will conduct electricity. Golfers who are caught in the open in an electric storm are .safer to get wet than to shelter under a tree. If a person has some knowledge, therefore, of the risks of this sort. it w probably best merely to be a little cautious and to consider lightning as a hazard of life a little importance in compftrision with the automobile and other more common risks. • » • Note: Dr. Jordan is unable to answer individual questions from readers However, each day he will answer one of the most frequently asked questions in his column. • • • THE DOCTOR ANSWERS By Edwin P. Jordan. M. D. Question: I believe the reason for baldness Is the wearing of a tight hatband shutting off IXe circulation I notice that since it has become the custom for the younger generation to go without a hat they do not have much trouble with falling hair. Answer: This makes a nice theory but I should suggest that you wult until the younger generation grows older before you draw conclusions Read Courier News Want Ads were actually in the same. Tou ser the declarer made the mistake o: starting in to play without bother- in? to count his tricks. Counting your tricks sometimes has to be done two ways. Either count your winners or count your losers. Declarer knew that he hat a losing heart and club. Therefore he could afford to lose one diamond and still make his contract However .the declarer I was watching did not make that play. He ruffed the second heart, cashed the ace of diamonds, and then tried to ruff the diamonds out. Eventually of course. West had to make thi nine of spades. How easy it would have been it make the hand, had he simpl: cashed the ace of diamonds, ruffei the deuce of diamonds with the ten of spades, returned to his hand b playing dummy's five of spades ruffed the four of diamonds wit! the Jack of spades, and now h should cash the queen of spades Returning to his hand with the ace of clubs, the last trump should be picked up and the jack of diamonds led, letting West win with the king. Now he has held his losers to three tricks. B« DcWMi Ma*K AP Tortifm Attain Thi* llfth anniversary ot D-D»y rhen the battle of Europe waa in. ugurated with a mighty Invuloa f Normandy by allied foreea, re- lls the striking difference of op- iton which existed In supreme eir- l«s over where the assault ihouM ', delivered. Premier Stalin had been urging n invasion of Prance by the West- rn allies to ease pre*sure on th« Russian front. However. British, Prime Minister Winston ChurchlW' as chilly to this proposition. Me •vored an invasion all right, but his mind was set on stabbing at what he described In his picturesque language as the "soft under- lelly of Europe" meaning In th* Mediterranean area. Churchill presented this view on :» military merits, but there were bservers at the time who felt that he might be looking at the situation s much, or more, from the pollt- cal angle than from the military. The allied invasion of Italy already vas under way ,and if the Western powers drove up into the Bal- tlns. they would have possession of his strategic territory of Eastern Europe when the war ended. Churchill', view Recalled The implication of such an operation are clear enough. The Western illles would have come to dominate Southeastern Europe and would lave swung Into Central Europe on he left flank of the Russians. Thus nstead of giving the Muscovites a ree hand in all Eastern Europe :he other powers would have been here with their armies when the armistice came. That of course would have meant complete change in subsequent events. Russia would not have overrun all Eastern Europe, and estafa- ished a Communist empire with ts Eastern frontier running through he heart of Europe, from Stettin on the north to the Adriajic on :he south. d£| On that basis there probably wouln't have been a "cold war." Many of the nations whch became unwilling satellites of Moscow would have remained free and would have cast their political lots with the Western democracies. The affairs o( Germany and Austria would long ago have been ironed out and they would be contributing to the rehabilitation of Europe. Had ill this happened, the United Nations reljht hare been able, to function efficiently, instead of beinjr hamstrung by the strife between the Soviet bloc and the democracies. We should have been far closer ta the "one world* Ideal than we are now. Did Churchill have something of this sort in mind when he argued for making the attack on the "soft underbelly?" It would be interesting to hear from him on that point. We don't pretend to read his mind. In any event, he was overruled. The allied decision was to make the assault through Normandy. This (taring undertaking—the greatest of its kind in history—was carried out to victorious conclusion. Our homage to the gallant forces who performed this feat! Was it only five years ago that they landed on the shore oj Normandy! It seems a lifetime. IN HOLLYWOOD Hy Ersklne Johnson NKA Surr Correspeondent HOLLYWOOD —(NEA)— Boy meets girl- Ever since the first ham carried the [irst spear across a stage, a new "bo.v-meet.s-girl" gimmick has been welcomed with carsplitting hurrahs. A boy and a girl can't just meet like ordinary people in the dram-ah It's gotta have a twist. Hollywood has twisted Itself all out of shape dreaming up new twists. Remember that old M-O-M picture. "Lucky Night?" There was a Uvlst to boy meets girl. Myrua toy and Boh Taylor met an employment agency where both were looking (or Jobs. They try tb bum a ciftaret from each other but neither has one. Later the same day the; infer by accident on a park bench Mid both make a rttve for a cigarcl that has been thrown away. Taylor nets there Ural, breaks Ihr ficarel in two and gives .M>rn» half. Naturally, it's love. For more than a year now Kay Kyser has been asking married people how they met. It's a gimmick on his radio show. These informal interviews have brought out more unusual boy- mccts-glrl angles than von can shake six dozen film writers at. Here are some of thp best: Air Pressure There's »n airline pilot who flics from Los Angclrs 10 Now York thrrc times a week. One tine 11:01 ulna, lie passed through the plane to look over his passengers. He noticed one on the aisle who was lovely. He went back lo Ills rabln anil for three hours wrote lirr noirs, In poelry, Oemimding * cute. By tile time the plane arrived in New York [he girl was convinced. They had a date that night and were married two weeks later There w;i.s a young girl who escaped (torn a DP camp in Germany. She sneaked Into the American zone and was stealing potatoes w-hcn she was arrested by a handsome GI Driving to headquarters In a jcrp they decided It was love. She's In America miK*. an \m- rrlran clti/en. marrleri tit the Ol who captured her. Two sets of parents who were strangers took their Infant son and daughter to a wedding. The grandmother of ihe bride suggested that the two babies be put lo bed while their parents remained for the reception. The babies were put, to bed together. 'Iliey were onlv six months old at die time, hut they're married now. Another couplr nirt when she was a patient waiting to undergo an operation. He llir heart specialist called In to test her heart to sfc whether she could stand the shock lie ll-tcned to her heart snd lost his own. There wa.s thr couple who met cvr-iy f-Ylday night [or thrre years In the New York morgue. She R'«s a crime reporter .mil he was « medical student working his way hy laking care of trie morgue. Now she's his wife anrt nurse. They came to California for lr*lr honeymoon. While In California, ttirv minified the ncdillng ol her husband'* Irlpiid -Several ye«rs later stie rnmr hack lo California a wlrlow. .Slii- mrl hr.r late hts- bancl's l>r.t. frirnd. u-lin by tills M me was a wido»cr, Now they're man led. McKENNEY ON BRIDGE fly William E. MrKenne; America's Card Authority Written for NEA Senrk* Count Tricks First Is Excellent Rule Oswald Jacoby was in my office the other day. and we were discussing six-handed Canasta. Oxzle said the best six-handed game is to have three people on a side, two playing and one sitting out. At trie Tournament—Neither- vtrl. So«tli West K»ft* BM* I * Pass 2 * * * 4 * Pass 1 * P«s« Opening—V 1* 75 Years Age In Blytheville — When the successor to J. H. Elkins of Blytheville as postmaster at Blytheville Is named the post will go to Roland Oreen, Ross Stevens or Herman Cross is appear* virtually assured. Miss Ruth Dilahunty was elected custodian of Flags of the Arkansas division of Daughters ot Confederacy, at the second annual convention «t Helena, Ark., yesterday. Miss Peggy McKeel who attends Lindenwood College in St. Charles, Mo., has arrived home for the Summer. Betty Black of Memphis, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. T. A. Black entertained several of her little friend, 1 ! from Blytheville yesterday at her home there. They were: Ann Vollmer. Donna Wunderlich, Barbara Monaghan and Jack Horner. They were accompanied by their mothers. On the Air Waves Answer to Previous Puzzl* ET HORIZONTAL s Countries 1,» Depicted 4 Da capo (ab.) star of the »ir S Goddess of waves infatuation 13 Make into law 14 Interstices 15 Coin of Thailand' 18 Concluded 18 Eggs 19 Disturb 21Footlike part 22 Nutriment end ol each hand, one player from each side drops out and the other player takes his place. We both decided this would be au Ideal way to play six-handed bridge-. You would sit out one hand, then you would play two. We agreed, however, that if you were sitting behind one of your lecmmates when he was playing today's hand you mitht get Just as lcrvs«, annoyed and excited u If you «Walk through water 7 Greek god of war » Scatter 9 Chines* porcelain 10 Philippine ~- ..uv* ,1,1^,iv. province 23 Hawaiian bird "Church pjrt 14 Indian 12 Chair mulberry 17 Notary public 25 Suggestion (>b.) 27 Finished 20 Land parcel 30 Bitter vetch 22 Father 31 Electrical unit 23 At this plact 32 Universal language 33 Burmese wood sprite 34 Grafted (her.) .17 Simple 3t Registered nurse (>b.) 39 Measure ol >re> 40 Enemies 42 Golf teacher 4 S Genuine 48Girl's name 49 Pester SI Fish A2 She is art 54 She perform* on tht M Disposed of in a will 57 Squalls YMT1CAI. 1 Shakespearean king 3 Prtpo»itio» 26 Metal 42 Nuisance 28 Approach 43 Demolish 29 Italian city 44 Bone .13 Sea nymphs .46 Entrance 35 Plays the part 47 Lions of host 49 Beverage 36 Abstract being SO Unit of energ] 37 Disfigure S3 Right <ab.) 40 Sanction 55 Symbol (or 41 One time gold