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State Museum •l«th and High SU International News Service International Illustrated News Picture Service TPTFF 1 UNION COUNTY'S HOME DAILY WEATHT.R Not qolte IM cold ton ?ht. Wed'' n*»day partly cloudy, cooler, Vol: XLVIII, No. 53, MARYSVILLE, OHIO, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 27, 1945 fey Carrier, 15c a Week RLEY FLAYS POLICY FAR EAST RESIGNS POST WITH CHARGE OF CONFUSION AMBASSADOR DECLARES GROUP OF "PROFESSIONAL DIPLOMATS" CREATING DANGEROUS SITUATION ARMY RENTAL BEFORE JURY . WASHINGTON. Nov. 27.—Mflj. Gen. Patrick J. Hurley resigned, to- ttoy as ambassador to China and in a vigorous statement charged that the weakness of American foreign policy has backed the United States into two world wars. "There is a third world war in the making," Hurley declared. ,| "In diplomacy today we are permitting ourselves to be sucked into a power bloc on the side of colonial imperialism against communistic imperialism. I am opposed to both. I still favor democracy and free enterprise," he stated. Hurley's statement indorsed President Truman's outline • of . American foreign policy but charged that professional diplomats in the lower echelons were frustrating attainment of announced policy aims. ' • . •' Wants Reorganization ; He attributed failure of American foreign policy in Asia to the weakness .and opposition to the United .States foreign service. Hurley further declared .that the true position of the United States - in- China is misunderstood—abroad"because of the" cbrifusTon of policy within the United States government. He said the situation suggests a need for complete reorganization of ' policy making machinery beginning at the lower levels. . Meanwhile, a report -of Russian agreement to the landing of airborne nationalist troqps at Changchun and Mukden to expedite disarming of communist forces In Manchuria lacked confirmation in Chungking today. A dispatch announcing the Soviet move which appeared in the Chungking newspaper "Current Affairs" was seized upon as valid evidence that a showdown between nationalist and Red forces was imminent. MIAMI, Fla., Nov. 27.—Testimony commenced before a .federal jury today to determine the amount of rent to be paid by the government for use of the Palm, Beach Biltmore Hotel during a 14-month occupancy as a naval convalescent hospital. The outcome of the case was considered important for Its possible bearing on settlements of other Florida properties utilized by the government for war purposes. The Massachusetts Trust Co., owner of the hotel, is reported seeking approximately $400,000 rental.. AWAIT REPLY FROM RUSSIA UNITED STATES PROPOSAL ALLIED TROOPS LEAVE IRAN STUDIED IN MOSCOW FLU ERIDEMIC HITS SCHOOLS ESTHER WEDS HER EX-SERGEANT WASHINGTON, Nov. 27 —The United States today awaited a re sponse from Moscow to Its proposal that all three of the major Allies pull their troops out of Iran and let that government handle Its own domestic affairs in its own way. Britain's sentiment's were revealed after dispatch of the American proposal when the British foreign office sent a note-to Russia expressing the hope that the movement of Iranian troops would no longer be Impeded. . . —The-United-States'-request-that all three powers' withdraw from Iran before January came as a surprise to observers in Washington^' It had been known earlier that a note 'had been dispatched to Moscow inquiring, about conditions in Iran. Reports from Tehran, the capital, had indicated that uprisings, apparently communist inspired, . had taken place in a move for the recession of the northern province of Azerbaijan from the south. • When Iran attempted to send in troops to quell the disorders, they were stopped at the Soviet occupation zone. GRAVE DIGGERS' STRIKE ENDED CHILLICOTHE, ,O., Nov. 27.—Influenza played havoc today with the best-laid plans of Ross County schooland health authorities when they reopened schools after a week's suspension. High absenteeism ' almost immediately re-closed school in Cen- trallg, Bainbridge, ana Buckskin Valley at South Salem, according to County Health Commissioner R. E. Bower. He said he also might be forced to close schools in Frankfort, Twin, and Liberty. CHICAGO, Nov. 27.—Twenty bodies, whose interment had been prevented by a strike of 16 gravediggers, lay in their final resting places today at St. Casimlr's Lithuanian Catholic Cemetery. At intervals during the strike, which started Nov. 10, the bodies..of I dead brought to the cemetery were ; stored in cemetery vaults. The I strike • was settled yesterday, the I grayediggers union was recognized j and arrangements were made to nei gotlate demands for a wage increase. 'Thereupon the gravediggers returned to work. FIVE TRAFFIC DEATHS AKRON, Q., Nov. 27.—Akron recorded today one of its heaviest traffic tolls in years, with five victims in a single' day. CRUSHED BY TRUCK DIVERS SEEK 'BODIES FROM SCHOOL BUS BODY OF ONE OF FIFTEEN ' -CHILDREN IS RECOVERED FROM DEEP LAKE HUL.L HIT CHANGE OF ARMY^S BOARD G. M. STRIKE MAI UAN.15' cently discharged U. S. Army .sergeant and former radio announced,' strike this "happily- ever-after" pose as they prepare Hams, 24-tfear-old bathing < to cut thelr nuptlal cake , beauty and movie .actress, and her_brldegroom, Ben Following their marriage at Los Angeles' Westwood Hills Con- - gregatlonal Church, Esther Wil- couple is honeymooning In Acapulco, Mexico.—(International) RETURN OF THE WAR DEAD WILL START NEXT SPRING BLAST KILLED YANK TROOPS CALCUTTA Nov. 27.—The toll of dead.in the explosion of smokeless powder supplies at a depot 30 miles outside Calcutta mounted today to 84 Indians and seven American soldiers. .The blast occurred Saturday when eight truckloads of condemned Chinese smokeless powder exploded while being unloaded. Five other American GI's were in the hospital as a result, two of them listed as in critical condition.' . ' ASHTABULA, p., No. 27.—Funeral services were held today for Michael Mauro, 48, fatally injured when a truck under which ho was working rolled off a "jack and ran over him. 'GUARANTEE' IS ELIMINATED FROM HOUSE WORK PROPOSAL GREATLY MODIFIED "FULL EMPLOYMENT 1 BILL TO BE PRESENTED BY COM* MITTEE By ARTHUR F. HERMAN International News Service WASHINGTON, Nov. 27.—A vastly modified substitute for the full employment bill may be approved today by the house executive expenditures committee. The substitute, which deletes the worlds "full employment," "assurance" of a job, or "guarantees of employment opportunities," from the original legislation, Under the compromise measure, President Truman would be requested to submit a. report to congress instead of a "national budget" on future employment prospects throughout the nation. Should the employment level prospects be low, the chief executive would be required to recom mend to congress specific public works projects accompanied by suggestions as to how they should be financed. SHARON PLAIN UNDER GUARD BRITISH PARATROOPERS WATCHING APPROACHES TO FIVE JEWISH TOWNS IN PALESTINE JERUSALEM, Nov. 27.—Para troopers of the British Sixth Airborne Division remained vigilant today on the approaches to five Jewish settlements in the Sharon Plain after nine persons were killed yesterday and well over 80 others injured. The casualties resulted during clashes when the troops Tiroke Into the various communities and searched for terrorists who the previous day blew up two coastal stations, injuring 14 policemen. The British forces also were looking for Jews suspected of entering Palestine illegally. Following the searches, the troops withdrew, taking with them approximately 200 suspects. Siege conditions continued to prevail throughout the Sharon Plain area near Tel Aviv, however. The entire region was under a curfew but thousands of Jewish settlers are ignoring the order to remain off the roads. WAR DEPARTMENT MAKING. PLANS TO BRING BACK BODIES IF RELATIVES MAKES REQUEST | By FRANCIS MUSIC International News Service WASHINGTON, Nov. 27— War department officials revealed today that preparations 'have been' completed to begin return of the silent heroes of the Second World i War for burial in home soil early' next, spring. Quartermaster Corps, sources said that the sod task of bringing back the bodies of those who died on foreign battlefields will be shouldered as soon as pending legislation is enacted. A • measure directing the Secretary of War to prescribe' means of shipping to the United States the remains of more than 274,000 servicemen killed overseas appeared certain to be passed by the House on Dec. 10. Excluded from the estimated number were 20,658 listed as missing, some of whom may be dead. Bill Delayed Objections by Rep. Cole (R) N. Y,, to phrasing of the bill—not its merits—which • was introduced ty Rep. Sikes (D) Fla., postponed CHELAN. Wash,, Nov. 27.—Diving operations were resumed today In'an effort 'to recover bodies of those who perished in the plunge of a. school bus into the icy waters of \ Lake Chelan, . Fifteen children and the bus driver met death when the vehicle careened off the mpuntainous lake Toad In a heavy snowstorm yesterday. Two deep sea divers, working under Jights until a late hour last, night, failed to reach the sunken bus but recovered the body of Henry Davis, 18, in 130 feet of water. The bus was submerged about 40 feet off the shore which slopes down to the water at a 50 degree angle. The 65-mile lake in the Cascades Mountains of north central Washington reaches a depth of 1479 feet In places. _ • '.• Young Victims • ,. The other child victims, all from the .little community of .Twenty-five' Mile Creek, included: ; Ronnie Ay res, 13; Dorothy Davis, 17; Jean ..Keck, 13; Donna Keck, 7; rry Miller, 6; Betty Miller' 12; Dam, 10; Karl Bam, 8; Douglas Hale, 8; Stewart Hale, 6; Ruth Hawley, 9; Bernard Gilmore, 7; Louis Asklund, 11; and Barbara Asklund, 8. The six survivors who escaped through broken windows as the bus settled into the lake, said the driver, Jack Randall, 26, of Chelan, a former army truck driver, was travel- ling slowly, and cautiously but apparently struck loose rock hidden beneath the snow which threw the vehicle off the. narrow road. . -The bus was taking the. children to school at Chelan and had picked up about half its load. The tragedy stripped one entire shore of the long lake of all its children of school age. One entire Sunday school class was wiped out and many families lost two children. The grief-stricken parents who \ 4UTO STRIKEIN AS FEDERAL (Continued on page 5) (Continued on page 6) UNION GROOP FLAYS PERON NEW YORK, Nov. 27— Four Argentine trade union delegates newly arrived from the Paris world trade union conference insisted today that 90 percent of organized labor in Argentina Is opposed to the Peron dictatorship. One of the delegates, Francisco P. Leiros,. said'suppressions of civil liberties in Argentina and persecution of religious groups are being carried out not only by Argentine Nazis but by infiltrated German Agents as well. The strike of more than 200,000 General Motors' Corporation workers will be settled by Jan. 15 "and probably before that," according to John W. Gibson, •special assistant to Secretary of .Labor Lewis Schwellenbach. But while conferences we're un- • derway'ln Washington, pickets were forming lines 'at G.' M.'s plants across the nation, duplicating' the scene above in front of the Turndstedts manufacturing plant in Detroit.—(international Soundphoto) BLAST KILLED FOUR NEWARK, N. J. Nov. 27— The bodies of four employees were recovered today and 22 others 'nursed injuries resulting from an explosion late yesterday at the 'Great Alantic and Pacific Tea Company's Newark warehouse. The ammonia tank of the refrigerating plant exploded. ' JODL LINKED WITH NAZIS GERMAN GENERAL STAFF CHIEFS DEFENSE HE ACTED AS SOLDIER GIVEN BLOW DEADLOCK MOVE AWAITED NO NEGOTIATIONS UNDERWAY AS'GENERAL MOTORS REJECTS .CIO ARBITRATION PROPOSAL By ROBERT C. McCORMICK International News Service ' Both sides of the General Motors strike looked for its settlement today to a federal government already committed to a policy of trying to 'end labor disputes through fact-finding commissions. . EX-SECRETARY SAYS CHARGE PEACE PROPOSAL CAUSED JAPANESE ATTACK IS "INFAMOUS" WASHINGTON Nov. 27.—Former Secretary of State Cordell Hull today characterized as "infamous" the Army's Pearl Harbor tjpard charge that his final peace proposal to Japan "touched the button that started the war.' 1 ' ' Speaking solemnly and striving to control the strength of his words, .the outspoken statesman told the congressional Pearl Harbor investigating committee: "If I could express myself as I . j would like, I would want- all you' religious-minded people to leave the room. I have sat under that infamous charge for months." . . Hull told the committee that the report of the army board last Sep,-| tember criticizing him in part was "not a very pleasant topic to me." Ridicules—Theory" Hull said he was "brought into the picture apparently on 'the j theory that Tojo and the Jap military element moving abreast with Hitler were not actually doing so, i but that this government, with no preparation in the Pacific, with no ' tools on hand, was the cause of this I force." Hull, with blunt sarcasm, said that apparently the . theory being followed was that the United States was dragging "poor Innocent" peace* loving Tojo into' the war." He added that: "Somebody who knows little and cares less says 'why didn't the j United States make concessions?' Any rational person knows what the Japs were doing..They were off on this attack and they 'would not yield unless we lay down like cowards." Grew Testimony Joseph C. Grew, U. S. ambassador to Tokyo from 1932 to until the Japs struck Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941, was to be recalled for final cross- examination today. He,, was to be-followed by-Gen. I Sherman Miles, army intelligence . chief in 1941, for testimony on how Mrs. Kavanaugh's Ear Rings Featured Opening Of Opera By JAMES POWERS International News Service NEW YORK, Nov. 27.—The Metropolitan ''Opera House was. launched on its 61st season today after an ultra-formal and glittering opening last night. The elite and the would-be elite celebrated the event by dragging out for display every old diamond the possessed and a lot of new ones that are going to nick Daddy for plenty. The open was Lohengrin with St. Louis' Helen Traubel in the leading role ( but she got little attention fronrmost of the audience. As usual the bar waa jam- packed immediately after the first intermission and stayed that way. You couldn't hear the music for the champagne bottles and flash-light bulbs popping. Mrs. George Washington Kavanaugh, the walking jewelry shop, didn't disappoint her fans. Her dress, what you could see of it under dozens of necklaces, (Continued on page 4) NUERNBERG, Germany, Nov. 27. —The prosecution today dealt a serious blow to Col. Gen. Gustav Jodl's plan to defend himself from Nazi war criminal charges as merely a soldier following orders. Beginning a detailed presentation of Nazi aggressions, the American prosecution staff linked the general staff chief politicaly to .Adolf Hitler's plans. . ' The afternoon session was also devoted to Alderman's presentation of evidence on how Grand Admiral Eric Raeder prepared the German navy for war behind the back of the Weimar republic after Hitler's rise to power. Introducing triple-barrelled evidence of the Nazis' aggressive intent in his detailed presentation this morning, Alderman deposited Jodl's 74-page speech .of November, 1934, without reading it fully. This bolstered Hitler's Reichstag speech of May 22, 1935. VOTE RUBBER STRIKE AKRON, O., Nov. 27— CIO United Rubber Workers had voted today 6 to 1, for a Etrike at the Sieb- erling Rubber Company in Akron. The ballot, was conducted by the National Labor Relations Board. (Continued on .page 3) LIQUOR LOSS IS APPROVED While. the strike continued! quietly reports in Detroit, persisted , much the arm y knew in advance of that Labor Secretary Schwellen-1 bach would invite both sides to a Washington conference. Most important in effect on the current wave of strikes was the government test of the fact-finding commission. Secretary Schwellen- baeh himself was endeavoring to form a three-man board to inquire into the dispute over the CIO oil- workers union' demands for a 30 percent wage increase. General Motors, meanwhile, flatly rejejcted the latest UAW-CIO bid to arbitrate Its week-old strike. At the same time, the number idle through the walkout which began last Wednesday rose to more than 250,000 as 50,000 office workers were barred from their desks by UAW pickets. CCLUMBUS, Nov. 27.—The. State Liquor Control Department yesterday slashed .below cost the price of 72,000 cases of brandy and 38,000 cases of rum, most of which has been gathering cobwebs in state warehouses. The department .set a price of $2.50 a fifth on each of four brands,representing reductions of 36 cents to $2.20 under the figures at which they have been selling. If all is sold at these prices the state will lose $1,044,900. FARMERS OF THE NATION SUPPORTING BOND DRIVE TREASURY ESTIMATES TEN PERCENT OF NET INCOME BEING INVESTED IN BONDS By ERWIN D. SIAS International News Service WASHINGTON, Nov. 27.—The treasury disclosed today that America's five million farmers are putting "at least" 10 percent of their net income into U, S. savings bonds. Ted R. Gamble, national director of the treasury's war finance divi- sion, said he based his prediction that farmers "can be counted upon to increase their savings bonds by at least one billion, 300 million dollars in 1945" on preliminary agriculture department estimates of a thirteen billion, 100 milljon dollar farm income in 1945. At the beginning of 1945, farmers were estimated to have .accumulated three billion, 800 million in war bonds, with their' estimated purchases of one billion, 300 million this year making an expected total of five billion, 100 million by the end of 1945, Gamble added. SUPPORT THE VICTORY LOAN DRIVE , T , • ' '