Page 8 article text (OCR)
THE MEXIA ITBCAS1 WEEKLY HEBAU) 4-H CLUB NEWS The 4-H Girls of Shiloh met in regular meeting at the lunch room at school Thursday with 20 girls and Mrs. Mangold, the home - demonstration agent, present. ; At the business meeting three girls, Barney and Joy Little and Emelie McKinnon, signed agreements to take part in the garden program. Jo Nell New had already accepted the garden work. Ways of preparing fresh vegetables to serve raw was given by Mrs. Mangold. She said there are somethings to remember in making raw salads, the ' vegetables must be very clean because dirt carries disease germs. The plants must t>e cool and crisp, and should not be mixed with salad dressing -- until just before serving because , the dressing gets watery and the leaves wilt. A salad plate of crisp vegetables that we can grow in our garden was prepared which ,. was good to taste. And then as some of the girls had asked Mrs. Mangold for direction for making cottage cheese, she gave them the recipe and made a salad of cottage cheese and Harvard beets on lettuce leaf. We are glad to report that one of our members, Marie LaFoy, is recovering from an operation she had recently. * * * The Tehuacana 4-H Girls report the president, Joyce Hendricks, caDed the meeting to order, and asked the secretary, Yvonne Thornton, to call the roll and , read the minutes. 10 girls were present. In the business meeting Unis Hendricks was elected critic. The garden program was . discussed and three girls wanted to agree" to grow a garden under the supervision of the home agent and with the seed that would be given to them. Mrs. Mangold made two color- : ful salad plates that we were all glad to be served samples and to try to make some at home. We 1 also learned to make salad dress' ing the French and boiled, to use just enough to dampen; the salad and not put in enough to float the salad or make it look mushy. Mrs. Sparks First Woman Candidate for Groesbeck City Post GROESBECK, March 9 (SpD— The city election here is at fever heat. With mayor and four candidates four candidates commissioner, for for * with two to be elected, a full vote is expected. For the first time in the history of Groesbeck, a woman is a candidate. She is Mrs. Walter Sparks, a prominent civic leader for many years. The candidates, in the order in which they filed their names are: Foi Mayor, W. A. Browder, Howard Wright, Dr. J. B. Riggs (now a city commissioner) and Allen D. Therrell. For City Commissioner: C. H. Garrett, Homer Bevil, Mrs. Walter Sparks and G. W. Parten. Bevill served several terms as a city commissioner in the past The election is April 6. The present Mayor, Bruce O. Scientists Urges J Congress to Repeal Oleomargarine lax ,. WASHINGTON, Mar. 10 (UP) A prominent scientist today urg- (Wd Congress to repeal federal „,taxes on oleomargarine in the •"• interest of the nation's health. «., Dr. H. J. Deuel, professor of '•'• biochemistry and nutrition at the a: University of Southern California, -• made the recommendation in \rt testimony before the House Agriculture Committee. - Deuel's statement set off an argument between members of 'the committee. They are consid- '"sring bills to.wipe out or reduce «the 10-cents-a-pound tax on col- „; ored margarine and the quarter•' :ent tax on the white variety. Campbell and Commissioner L. Smith refused to run again. iup t. Hereford Tells Westminster Group of UN Trip C. S. Hereford, Superintendent of Mexia Schools, had. nothing but praise for the United Nations and its work Monday when he addressed the rtudents and faculty of Westminstei College. He recently returned from a Uunited Nations Economic Security Council meeting on educational matters in New York. Superintendent Hertford gave his audience a vivid picture of the trip to Lake Success, and also an interesting description of the room.-,.of the United Nations. He stated that the United States was very fortunate in having this organization meeting in its own. country. The Mexia school hnsd praised the Unite.l Nations because of the magnitude of its task, the seriousness of its members, and for its location in the United States. Hereford concluded his timely discussion by stating that United Nations definitely has pos sibilities, although there an some changes which need to be made, such as the elimination of the veto power.' Soil Conservation Notes S A. Woodfin, cooperator witn the "Limestone-Falls Soil Conservation District who lives m the Reunion Conservation Group approximately six miles west from Mexia, has fertilized 10 acres of pasture land with 20% super- phosphate at the rate of 2001bs per acre and overseeded it with rye grass and clover. A diversion terrace was constructed to keep pasture water from eroding a cultivated field. Terraces have been completed on a 10 acre cultivated field and planted on the contour to Speltz and Austrian Winter Peas. He harvested from a small plot of alfaflfa 30 pounds of seed, and mowed 18 acres of pasture, cleared underbrush in pasture and leveled some old oil storage fire wall dams in the pasture. The pasture has bermude grass, bur clover and common lespedeza and he plans to phosphate the pasture and disc the bermuda grass, in order to make the grass pread and also control weeds m cleared areas by mowing. A W Railback, District Cooperator in the Alto Springs Soil lonservation Group, whose farm 3 located four miles west from Kosse, has sodded a waterway to bermuda grass. The waterway is to be used for run-off water from terraces, protecting approximately 20 acres of cultivated land. In the gullied section of the waterway, grass about half sacks were filled with bermuda and partially buried and covered at regular intervals in the ditch section. Mr. Railback states that this method has been successful in establishing a permanent sod m badly eroded areas. Prison for Abilene Man Who Failed to Register .for Draft DALLAS, Tex., Mar. 10 (UP)— John Beach Brocket* of Abilene must go to prison for failure to register for the draft. Federal Judge T. Whitfield Davidson refused yesterday to probate Brockett's year-and-a- day sentence, despite pleas by the defendant's mother and brother. because DELUXE BREAD makes the simplest spread or the daintiest party sandwiches taste better! Marion Smyth, District Cooperator in the Smyth Ranch Conservation Group, whose farm is located 5 miles northeast of Mart, has constructed a farm pond with caterpillar and dozer. The water from the pond is to be used for stock and house hold purposes. Charles M. Harris, District Cooperator in Smyth Ranch Group whose farm is located 6 miles northeast from Mart, planted 30 acres of Austrian Winter Peas _ast fall for a winter cover crop to prevent soil erosion. The peas are to be turned under as a green manure crop for soil building this spring. Fred Wright of the Felz Conservation Group near Mexia, planted 2 acres of Sericea Lespedeza for meadow in the spring of 1947. This trial plot was phos- phated with 200-300 pounds of 20% superphosphate per acre. This year Mr. Wright plans to increase this meadow to 5 acres. It will be planted on a well prepared and firm seedbed. In the same field adjoining the lespedeza, Mr. Wright plans to plant 10 acres of weeping love grass for seed production. Past records indicate that this is a profitable enterprise, especially as the demand of these seed is increasing. Not only will this grass produce seed as a source of income, but will make a good hay and furnish excellent grazing when properly handled. While at the same time, it is furnishing an excellent cover for his very erosive soil according to Mr. Wrighf. Mr. Wright also has the seeded prepared for 15 acres of ber- muda to be seeded in rows for Course in Mexia Retail Credit Starting March 15 A ten-hour course in ( Retail Credit Procedures for merchants and employees of Mexia will be conducted here beginning March 15 according to-sn announcement by Ben Altman, chairman of the Chamber of Commerce Education Committee. Mexia is among the several Texas cities to be included this year in the Distributive Education training program offered by the University of Texas, Division of Extension, in cooperation with the State Board of Vocational Education. -The course is to be taught by Sterling S. Speake of the University Extension Division. The course has been acclaimed by merchants .throughout the state as a very practical and interesting study of current and future retail credit problems: It deals with successful methods used by many Texas business firms in handling their charge accounts. There will be no text jook used, but materials and deas presented will be those ivhich are in successful operation. Altman pointed out that this course is being conducted just at the right time because of the jig increase in open account and nstallment consumer credit. Fast changing economic and business conditions will create a tendency for merchants to sell on lower down payments and longer credit terms because of increased competition and aggressive credit sales, promotion, Altman believes. He continued by saying that merchants should waste no time in getting their credit departments up-to-date by training employees in the correct method of handling charge accounts. The topics to be included in this WEEKLY NEWS ANALYSIS Finland Fears Reds Seek Oosiird fts Stalin Calls for "Defense Pact"; Vandenberg Urges Speed on ESP Released by WOT Fealnro WHO'S NEXT? Finland Finland/seemed, to be resigned, satarat=d with tl> e apathy that sometimes precedes extinction. • It was a state of mind that had grown out of a reported request by Josef Stalin of Russia that Finland join up with the chain of Soviet defense pacts that now stretches across Europe. To the Finns that request was nothing less -than a prelude to the same kind of political control Russia had just imposed on Czechoslovakia. They feared their parliamentary freedoms would ge by the boards in such a turn of events. But after losing two wars with Russia in less than 10 years, the Finns were able to do little except resign themselves to the Soviet pattern of "Sand's President Juho Paasi- kivi was said to be in favor of signing a Finnish-Russian friendship treaty as suggested by Stalin. His viewpoint, distinguished by realism if nothing else, was this: To turn down the Soviet bid would £ggrsss!oa Charted aggravate Russian - Finnish tions to a dangerous degree. rela- To RICH WHOLESOME NOURISHING BAKED-IN TASTE APPEAL/ course are as follows: current and future problems in credit; credit applications; credit interviews; investigating and evaluating the applicant; rejecting the applicant; accepting the applicant; stor,e credit policies; credit sales promotion; credit letters; collection procedures. The course will be conducted in the Chamber of Commerce offices each evening from 7:3C o'clock until 9:30 o'clock on the following dates: March 15-19. A University of Texas Extension Division certificate will be presented all those who meet the attendance requirements. _ Further information may be obtained by calling the Chamber of Commerce, phone 81. Propose Gas Line Bigger than 'Big Inch' to East Coast NEW YORK, Mar. 10 (UP)— Texas Eastern Transmission Corporation is planning to construct, at a cost of approximately $152,131,000, a new pipe line parrallel to its Big Inch to bring natural gas from the southwest to distributing companies on the eastern seaboard and Appalachian area, it was revealed today. In an application to the Federal Power Commission for permission to construct and operate the line, Texas said the 26-inch line, which would be larger than the Big Inch, would be designed to deliver 425,000,000 cubic feet of gas daily. Of this amount 39,- ons accept it could mean Finland might get as favorable conditions as possible toward keeping national independence. At the same time there was concern whether Stalin's request was dictated exclusively by the wish to safeguard Soviet territory, particularly Leningrad, or whether he had something els» up his sleeve. So far there were no actual demands of any kind, such as that the Red army be allowed to occupy Finland in the case of war or the threat of war. On the global scale it seemed apparent that Moscow's overtures to Finland, coming as they did after the seizure of Czechoslovakia, were another part of the Soviet retaliation to the U. S.-sponsored Marshall plan i» Europe. The Russians were drawing np the final lines for the conflict and at the same time consolidating their position m eastern Europe. MARSHALL PLAN: The Beacon : "This act- may well become a welcome beacon in *.he world's dark night. But if that beacon is to be lighted at all, it had better be lighted before it is too late." With that exhortation and mar.y other clamoring brass al=rms did Vandenberg (Rep., These are the battle lines of the "cold war" in which the two oppos- in°- forces are democracy and communism. The battlefield is Europe, map of which conveys that ' this is where we came in" feeling. It is reminiscent of the Hitler drive to the East, except for the fact that this time it is a Russian expansion westward that, is changing the color of the map. therefore we have nothing to worry about. The country can relax." And as far as consorting with Communist spies was concerned— "That's just too vague to talk about. I certainly didn't do it knowingly," he commented. Nevertheless, Uvo congressional committees leaped into action. Rep. J.- Fame!) Thomas (Hep., N. J.), under" treatment in Walter Reed hospital for a stomach ailment, said he might call a bedside meeting of his full un-American activities committee in order to send the subcommittee report formally to-President Truman. And Sen. Bourke B. Hickenlooper (Rep., Iowa) called a session of the senate-house atomic energy committee to study the house group's re- Current Events 1. 3brae southern Democrats have larniched a revolt renomination of President Truman. Prior to Mr. Trnman, sis vice-presidents have succeeded to the presidency. Two were sufc seqnently renomhiated for a full teVm as president. Who were '. Recent photographs of a prominent public figure show h.m wearing a new hombnrg hat. •rav suit, overcoat, striped r.er.;- tie and tan- pigskin -love* What was unusual about his attire. 3. Sen. Glen H. Taylor, in a speech announcing his support ct Henry Wallace, said: "I am n:>t teamed up with the big-city bosses—Kelly. Hague. Flynn. Cjrley. rendergast." With «lwt eitia are those men associated? 4. Opera fans recently ce:e- brated the 75th anniversary of the birth of Enrico Caruso, (a) Where did Caruso begin Ins professional career? (b) Was he a tenor, bass or baritone? 5 The baseball world has been rocked by a new quarrel between two gentlemen known as The Mahatma" and "The Ucdhesi Identify each. 1 The nix wern Tyler. Fillmore. John- <m. Arthur. Th«xJr>re Roosevelt r.nrf C0olid<re. Roosevelt and • Coomlee «e.< re " OI Hi : "w-» in civilian clothes. His nuTiio: Pwiht D. Eirenhower, rclircd nl ?' y KelVv f Chi«i"J ' Hairur.- Jersey City : PI •' n the Drome. New York: Curies. <b ', '"The" MKhntmn" Is Branch Rickey, nr'esid-nt of the Brooklyn noteer;. ?"" "The Kediicnil" \? I-nnT M" 1 "™"' 1 '. •??• mer president of ISK C-e*r lorn inmi.e.3. Olin E. Te port The report itself was a pac CRACKDOWN: Holy Lsnd It was time to get tough in the Holy Land, the British occupying army decided. _ . Far from showing any inclination toward peace, Palestine Jews and Arabs were carrying their civil \vau over the partition plan to even bloodier lengths than ever before. Weapons and ammunition v/ere being sold openly in the streets. Bombings grew in number and intensity. Open warfare was the virtual rule in Jerusalem. All this THURSDAY, MARCH 11/19 _ . •••••••••I • Weekly Utter • From Washington Imaummmmm By Congressman Sixth Texas District WASHINGTON, D. C., Ma 10—Republican leadership in House of Representatives b°en reported to be ia favor j Rowing Universal Training I 1 islstion to bs debated and vo upon during this session of gress. The National Security Training bill was reported out the Armed Services Commjtteft on July 26, 1S47, after sever! weeks of extensive hearings, appeared to me that the lead ship of the Republican party wi going to effectively kill the t; by failing to bring the mr- up for a vote. I believe that the Con. =hould have ah opportunity discuss this proposed legislati which is supported by about percent of the people in this coi try as indicated by recent pub] opinion polls. I have favored Ur versa! Training because it is - parently the only way we secure sufficient manpower the armed services which presently under their authon strength. By training all yr men betweens the ages of 18 20 years for a period of months, we will be able to b up an adequate" reserve force * "uturc emergencies. The National Security Tr; Corps, as will be authorized this act, will consist of all quali-J iied young men in the United^ bfl 751 sbci of straight - from - the charges. It pointed out, ainor.g other things, that Condon had been appointed head of the bureau of standards in 1945 on the recommendation of Henry Wallace, then commerce secretary. . Thus was the stage set for two more spine-tingling probes. PROFITABLE: Steel In response to a request by "President Truman for a. full investigation of steel pries incraasM, federal trade commission and commerce department economists turned up with " . . • .1 «. • _ _1 A_ J~ a package j m j g i,t he the natural result of the - shoulder art j fic j sl division of a long-standing Sen. Arthur Vandenberg (Rep., i a story that Vi . as no t destined to do Mich.) attempt to spur the senate I the Ste3l industry any good in the into swift action on the Marshall I eyeg of the pr j ce -whipped Ameri- j plan as it opened debate on the 5.3-1 ,.,._ billion-dollar program to defeat communism in Europe. The chairman of the senate foreign relations committee, one of state, but the British army had had enough of it. Force must, be used impartially against both Jews and Arabs, Brig. C. C. Jones, commander of the Britis!/ Jerusalem garrison, told his troops. In a directive he said: 1'ro- longed firing beiween Arabs and Jews within Jerusalem makes life intolerable for its inhabitants. Such disturbances will not continue. Force will be used in incidents of this kind. The army will, if necessary, use weapons more powerful than those available to Arabs and Jews." It was impossible to decide, the British announced, whether the Arabs or Jews were the aggressors. States, its Territories and posses-- sions. The following groups . specifically exempted from thisr, training: (1) present members -* 1 iasture on a retired area in ac- [ 0 oo.OOO cubic feet a day would be ordance with his farm conservation agreement with the Lime- tone-Falls Soil Conservation Dis- rict. ' The Soil Conservation Service Personnel assisted Fred R. Schemmer of West Ben Hur Conservation Group and Dr. Franklin B. Moore of the Eureka School Conservation Group, in working out a coordinated conservation farm plan on their farm. Warns of Grasshoppers COLLEGE STATION, Tex., Mar. 5 (UP)—Paul Gregg, self- styled Texas "grasshopper leader," warned Texas farmers today that the 1943 crop of grasshoppers will do a million dollars worth of harm. sold in the Appalachian area and 386,000,000 cubic feet would be delivered for use in the eastern seaboard area. Mexiaites Attend Funeral of Nephew Who Died Overseas Mrs. Johnnie Wadle and Mrs. Horace Turner were in Houston last week to attend the funeral of their nephew, Sgt. Charles G. Morgan, Jr. His body was returned from overseas for burial in'the United States. Sgt. Morgan was one of the first Marines to land on Guadalcanal He dide in £ Melbourne hospital on April 7, 1943. He was a son of Mrs. Mae M. Morgan of Houston. the strongest backers of the Marshall plan, urged the senators to "light the beacon" of economic aid to Europe before "aggressive communism" begins knocking on the door of the New World. ' "Help stop "World War HI before it starts," was the burden of Van- Idenberg's message. Denouncing "treacherous Moscow propaganda" .that has "charged us with iniquitous American imperialism," he emphasized that the li> western European nations must be saved from economic discs. "This vast friendly segment OL the earth must not collapse. The iron curtain must not come to the rims of the Atlantic." * But despite Vandenberg's hortatory, prospects of swift, full passage of the Marshall plan were by no means bright and shining. In this election .year congressmen were being doggedly and ostentatiously conscious of how they spent taxpayers' and voters' money. PROBE: Atomic AH of a sudden there was a new atomic security investigation under way to stimulate the jaded interest cf the American public. In the limelight this time was Dr. Edward U. Condon, atomic scientist and head of the government's bureau of standards. Describing Condon as "one of the •weakest links in our atomic secur- •," a house un-American activities sub-committee reported in good faith that he "knowingly or unknowingly entertained and associated" with alleged Russian spies. To the charge that he was a "weakest link" Condon retorted: "This is gratifying information because I'm absolutely reliable and can public. According to data assembled so far, the industry lias been piling up profits at a rate unequaled in recent years and, in come cases, is running up not earnings almost double those of 1946. The appraisal indicated that U. S. Steel, giant of the industry, was leading si! companies with a not profit in 1047 of 120.7 million dollars—highest sii.ce 192i>. Balhs- lehem Steel pushed up its net profit last year to 51 million dollars, about 10 million more than the previous year. Other leading concerns cither have doubled or more than doubled their 194G profits. Stimulus which got the steel profits investigation goinrj -was the r cent $5-a-ton increase in the price j of semi-finished steel—actually the \ fifth in a series of price boosts. | During the fir.-t seven v:ec-!:3 -of 1948, steel companies liava jumped the price of pipe, nails, wire and. structural construction steel. I Economists tended to view the steel price hike v.-ith alarm because they feared it would offset complete-1 ly any beneficial deflationary trend which the commodity market drop might have set in motion. HOMELESS: DP Bill RENUNCIATION: Southern Style Tnings were not getting any better for President Truman in the Southland. Democratic leaders of t\vo strongholds, South Carolina and Tcnnes- sse, brooding over the President's irritating civil rights program, turned thumbs down on him as the party's IE-IS candidate. At the sama t:ma the Missis:ippi Democrr.'.ic committee voted -to v.-ithdraw from ths pity's nominating convsntion in June unless it pledged itself to fight "anti-smitn- fern" laws, iv.ciir.ing the civil rights program. the armed 'IjTces; (2) past of the armed forces wl ^ were honorably discharged; (3>s cadets or midshipmen at West, Point, Annapolis, or 'the Guard Academy; (4) members^ the Senior Division of the RC" and NROTC, or naval aviatiq ^ college program; and (5) mem* bers of the National Guard the Organized Reserve of Irmy, Navy and Marine Corps.*? " Opponents of this Umver-* Training bill plan to offer an ti-segregation amendment in effort to defeat the bjll when is voted upon. Senator Taft Ohio has indicated that he wiB support HUe '- .£*ti-segregatir- amendment, yet at the same tir he is opposed to the entire versal Training bill. It is.felt 1 the only purpose for pressing ' anti-segregation 'amendment is ; order that by so doing these ponents will be able to defeat • bill. I believe it would be appropriS ate to see whether or not Northern States are affording the,.; negro more educational tunities than the South is ^ Uni iippad by Tuck Greeks Take Flight Course SAN ANTONIO, Tex., Mar. 10 (UP)—The second half of a group of 50 Greek air cadets was expected to arrive at Randolph Field today for a year's training. Apply for Television WASHINGTON, March 10 (UP: The Federal Communications Commission has announced tha' radio station WOAL. San An tonio, Tex., has applied for a television permit. Possibly in response to the grow- j ing humanitarian sentiment in the U. S. that something be done to relieve the plight of Europe's displaced persons, the senate judiciary committee approved a bill that would admit 100.COO DP's to the U. S. in the next two years. - The measure, now scheduled to b reported out to the senate for tion, provides that homeless Europeans who are living in DP camps ently doing. Only 86 negro stu|1 dents attend the twenty-one Noif them medical schools, yet at same time we have 494 negro s dents in medical training in South. In other words, 85% those obtaining medical trail are attending, colleges in South. _ Medical schools in Northern/] States have made their entrance qualifications so high that they practically eliminate any chances' the negro may have to obtain a medical eduction. Many Co ^ gressrnen from Northern and Eastern States have told me that they do net have any negro doctors or tsachers in their districts. Southern educational institutions, .are training many negroes to be doctors, nurses, and teachers tr take care 01 the demand for their, services all over the United States. Negro schools in the South -ire beginning to meet this demand. to-S OPTIMIST: ]Vetr Weapons . Bear Adm. Ellis M. Zacharias, re- 1 tired U. S. naval officer, came op •with another bit of shattering news not calculated to ease the jitters of this already drawn and weary world. There are now in existence three ; new weapons which outrank the atomic bomb in pure, unadulterated 'destructiveness, he said. U. S. : science has developed them since the .war. They are probably of a bacteriological nature. two and a half years after the end of the war will be admitted at the rate of 50,000 a year beginning next July 1 and ending June 30, 1930. A three - member commission would be established to handle the program and to formulate regulations "for the purpose of obtaining the most generai distribution and settlement of persons." At least 50 per cent of those admitted are to be employed in agriculture, according to the proposal. Sen. Chapn.an Revercomb (Rep., W. Va.), chairrr.an of the sub-committee that drafted the bill, said that this provision was intended to prevent the i.-rrrr.igrants from settling in large groups in seaboard areas. Novelist's Death Called Suicide BLOOMINGTON, Ind., March,! j speech denouncing President Tru- g ^^p^ ^g frjenjjg an d neigh-' 3 I „,„.„ ™™=,,rf ,ivii rights t,ro-ram ^ whom ROM Lockridge eplt-" | omized in his best-selling of the Virginia general assembly to i "Raintree County," prepared Gov. William Tuck of Virginia received a flood of congratulatory telephone calls after he had made a UA Lilt- »*l rt »«»*H£3»-"<-""— — • — .---•-„- _ T J i* keep Mr. Truman's name o.f the bal- day to bury him in the Indiana • helrfs lot next November and permit Vir- j so il that he loved, ginia electors to choose another ' Democratic candidate. j Funeral services will be ' tomorrow for Lockridge who ' his own life Saturday evening ; by locking himself in his garage What Do You Breathe? More than 700 persons die every year as a result of air pollution in Chicago alone, and a proportionately large number die from the same causes in other American industrial cities, says Dr. Clarence A. Mills of University of Cincinnati. Respiratory illnesses, many of vrhich are caused by air pollution, also are responsible for about 70 per cent of all the time last from work, Dr. Mills said. and letting the motor of his run as h<#sat in the front seat. He was 33. State Teachers Meet in Dallas DALLAS, March 9 The annual District 5 meeting of To Inspect Docks TEXAS CITY, Tex., Mar. 5— (UP)—The Texas City docks, twisted into grotesque skeletons by the explosion of two ships last April, will be open to the public ths Texas State Teachers Association will be held in Dallas Friday ] and Saturday:' ~ ~ " j Delegates from eighteen coun- during the city's industrial festi- j tjeg in nor theast and north cen- val April 30 to May 2, it was announced today. tral Texas, composing the district, are expected to attend.