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.BUtLDOG Insecticides may cause hay crisis her 70-80 pet. of county crop contaminated „ ->v ->A» : -•' ,; Rover, Year-Old German Shepherd, And Abe Kalsbeek Guard Imported Hay At K & L Farms, Gilbert Republic Photo by Ed Ryan Iii This Section: Stamps, C-2; Travel, C-4 and C-5; Farm, C-6 and C-7 ; Boys and Girls, C-7 ; Crossword; C-7 THE ARIZONA REPUBLIC (Section C) Page 1 Sunday, Sept. 22, 1968 One Man's Opinion S( committeemen to select chairmen ByBERNIEWYNN Republic Political Writer Nrecinct committeemen elected in the senary election will gather Friday to Rjct county chairmen and name other h-ty leaders to the Republican and Unocratic central committees for the next two years. County ,GOP chairman Delos Ellsworth, 37-year-old Mesa real estate appraiser and majority whip in the House of Representatives, appears to have no organized ; opposition from the ultra- right, which has created so much chaos in the GOP the last four years. We are told that Phoenix attorney Bill Baker, long-time legal /counsel.;to the State Republican Gommititee^ v ^|l|: be strongly backed candidate/-for^ chairmanship. . ,_•• ; l<.^ HE IS slated to replace penter, incumbent vice cWirmah land fearless leader of Hhe late >a$dv wniar mented far-rightists in' v the P^ty 4 J)ie;r( archy. '. '•':'-•' ... * .",••.•*/.•','••.'' " •• • t •* ' VV "• ' • .-'*.. ' . -. However, Ellsworth may administrative; aide if is elected' to the Un|te4 _^^.,,, U , : . T ,_, In this case/Baker uhdoubtetty^wjutfr move up to the top party spot. to 40. In her stead, after a bloody and exhausting battle, Conlan placed his personal choice, Mercier Willard, a brand spanking new precinct committeeman elected by a crafty Conlan strategem. A letter, mailed out to;key Republican voters in Scottsdale, just lief ore the primary, carried a Conlari-devised slate of precinct conimitteemeri,' those who would help/him in his•'-plans' to seize control. '••.'The letter implied the slate .was. approved by Goldwater, Goy. WDliams and Rep. John J. Rhodes. This trio promptly denied they had any part to play in that 'election. SO NOW Conlan controls District 8-C • and can use this as a power base for his burning ambition to defeat Sen, Paul ; F^nnin. in 1970 for the Republican Sen•' ate ftofqination. In the meantime, he'll •V>^H%-fo^ president of the Arizona Sen* ' ate, wjilcb is his immediate goal, According to the U.S. government, it's more dangerous for a cow to consume microscopic amounts of DDT residue than for a man to take in even larger doses on lettuce or blueberries. If the logic seems typically governmental, it's also the scientific basis for rules that are more restrictive for hay producers than for growers of cabbages, apricots and many other direct-to-you crops. For the major fear of DDT rests in the fact that it lodges in animal fat and becomes more concentrated with each digestive process it goes through. Thus, if a dairy cow eats hay contaminated with only one-tenth of 1 part per million (ppm) of DDT residue, it will produce milk butterfat containing 1.25 ppm of DDT. The human consumer may concentrate it further in his body fat to 7 or 8 ppm. .THE PROCESS is called biological concentration, and it goes on one more step in the milk an infant receives at his mother's breast. ... v And that is enough to cause federal Food & Drug Administration officials to restrict'rigidly the,allowable tolerances of DDT residues in dairy products. Current FDA regulations allow growers to market lettuce with DDT residues measuring up to 7 parts per million. The same tolerance is allowed for meat fat from cattle, hogs and sheep. But a dairy cow's butterfat may contain only 1.25 ppm. For a comparative measure, that's equal to a little more than 1 cent in $10,000. MOST CROPS earmarked for higher tolerances are those with husks, skins or shells or which are usually washed before use. But the main distinction rests on the effects of biological concentration. The classic case of the fear of this process is illustrated in the history of Clear Lake in California; a lake infested with gnats before it was sprayed with DDT. .;, By PEGGY WYSONG GILBERT—Thousands of tons of hay, the bulk of a multimillion-dollar crop, are being stockpiled on Maricopa County farms by growers who say they are being poisoned out of business by insecticides. Hay growers estimate that 70 to 80 per cent of this year's crop is contaminated by DDT residues to the extent that it cannot be sold to dairy farmers, their chief customers. The dairymen, meantime, are paying high costs to import "clean" hay from Utah, California and Arizona fields along the Colorado River where DDT is not used by growers. They warn that consumers eventually must pay higher, prices for 'milk and other dairy products. AND CLEAN haystocks here are being guarded by dogs and armed men because arson is suspected in at least two recent hay fires that could be related to the widespread financial crisis. The hapless hay grower is caught in a vise cranked tight by the plight of cotton famers on one side and on the other by federal determination to control a danger that hasn't been measured or defined. For the cotton farmer, assaulted recently by a shrinking market and an invasion of cotton bollworm, DDT is the cheapest and most effective weapon against pests. But for other growers it has become a.plague. THE FAMOUS bug killer has been pushed into the center of national controversy over the danger of pesticides to humans. and wildlife. In Arizona, attempts to outlaw its use were defeated in the last session of the legislature. .So far, science has set no limits to human being's tolerance to DDT residues, and arguments rage over whether they are harmful in the amounts normally consumed, with little conclusive evidence on either side. BUT THE U.S. Food and Drug Administration has taken the position that it will control DDT consumption until the insecticide is proved safe, a project that scientists say will take years of costly research. Early last year the FDA declared it would rigidly enforce regulations which set maximum amounts of DDT resudues allowable in farm products, especially in milk and other dairy rpoducts. THE FEDERAL resolve is aimed particularly at dairy products because: —An unusual characteristic of DDT residue is that it lodges in animal fat, including milk butterfat, and becomes more heavily concentrated with each stage of ingestion it goes through. —The prospect of milk. even slightly polluted evokes emotional reaction because of its predominance in the diets of children and elderly people. The FDA yardstick for dairymen is a limitation of 1.25 parts per million (ppm) of DDT residue in the butterfat of milk. For comparison, a measure of 1.5 ppm is about equal to one ounce of sand in 3V2 tons of cement or 1 inch in 16 miles. 4 county GOP was fairly successful III |ts,drive to replace the precinct com- m#t0emen; involved in $e far-right at' tefijpj to take over the party in the Sept, JO primary, It seems to be about 2'ib I in favor of the party regulars, perhaps a shade over that after the various; preempt races were tallied, District K |8$; District' M were returned to party loyalists/; • THERE WERE two rather notable exceptions — District B-I^ where the party regular, Len Formaa;Jp$ the district chairmanship by, one vote".. But the ultra-right strength was greatly reduced. The other was District 8-C where Sen. John Conlan, R-Maricopa, stacked the deck with precinct workers loyal to his personal ambitions and thus defeated the incumbent chairman, Mary Crisp, 43 Republican meeting Friday be fairly peaceful, not so , feuding, fuming Mari- mocrats, Chairmaji ijphn guy who has l^pt the party togethe|v-$M» last two year^j/pp for reflection:;; V^ But;iV.a|!l>ears that everybody .and his brother-.i^ : preparing to jump, into the race either as serious candidates or to Provide comic relief. We really can't tell. : So far as rumor has it, there is Dr. Martin Berger of Mary vale, Harry Dun* ham and Fa'ul Rademacher, both of Scottsdale, lame duck Sen. Bill Crowley, D-Maricopa, and Joe Fuchs, a sort of retired party elder statesman. A week from tomorrow, the state committees meet to reorganise. It seems that neither state Democratic chairman Dick Duffield nor state Republican chairman Harry Rosenzweig has opposition for new two-year terras. City manager's branch office wins acceptance ByPAULSCUATT city manager's branch office in Souith Ph#»ix is gaining slow steady acceptance, city officials believe. Martin Vonacour, administratjve assistant to City Mjpager Ife*ert Coop, has been working out of the city's offjice service center af Central and Broadway Continued On Page C-3 Surveys Remains Of $?5,000 Worth 01 Clean H»y Burned By Arsonists BUT BECASUE of the increasing concentration of DDT in an animal's digestive processes, dairy cows can consume hay containing no more than one-tenth of 1 ppm. In other words, the concentration multiplies 12 times. To protect their products from exces- .sive contamination and possible seizure by the FDA, dairymen test hay before they buy it for feed. In tests made since March by the United Dairymen of Arizona, whose members control most of the state's dairy production, 61 per cent of 791 Maricopa County samples proved to be over the allowed tolerance. NO DOLLAR estimate is available of how much contaminated hay may be piling up on Maricopa County farms, but sources in the industry said the problem is almost universal within the country. Stan Turley, Arizona House speaker and an agricultural loan executive with First National Bank of Arizona said tests from the growing season's first two cuttings showed that "most of Maricopa is contaminated." Later cuttings might show better results, he said. The magnitude of the crisis is reflect: ed in figures of the Arizona Crop and Livestock Reporting Service. In 1967, 233,000 harvested acres of Arizona hay produced 1.1 million tons valued at $34.8 million. Nearly half the harvest was in Maricopa County. Arizona also was a $10.4 million market for pesticides and herbicides last year. More than 10.2 million pounds were dumped over the state, of which more than 3.6 million pounds landed in Maricopa County. Of the state total, 2.5 million pounds was DDT, most of it used by cotton growers in Maricopa and Pinal counties. AND MARICOPA is an area where grain, hay, cotton and dariy enterprises exist in a neighborly patchwork of mixed farming. A check by The Republic with seven of the largest local hay growers disclosed that all of them had contaminated stacks on hand, ranging from a few hundred tons to more than 1,000. Floyd Haymore, whose father, Arthur S. Haymore, was a pioneer hay farmer in Gilbert, has 160 acres planted in top-grade alfalfa hay. He said he has $30,000 tied up in 800 tons of polluted hay on hand and another 400 tons to come in from cuttings. He has nowhere to sell it, he said. "WHAT ARE WE going to do?" he demanded. "This is our livelihood and our only income." When they can sell their hay, to beef cattle growers, for instance the hay farmers are getting prices averaging $22 a ton and sometimes as little as $14. The annual average price in recent years has been $30 a ton, according to Floyd Rolf of the Crop Research Division of the Arizona Department of Agriculture. At an average of $22 a ton, Rolf said, hay farmers are operating at a heavy loss. AT THE SAME time, local dairy farmers are paying up to $40 a ton for imported hay, according to Bob Lytle, general manager of United Dairymen. Ray M. Lorett, manager of the Arizona Farmers Production Credit Association, confirmed that the Farmers Credit Union is loading up to $40 a ton on hay purchases. Lorett and spokesmen for three banks said that the hay growers are in a critical financial squeeze. All of the lenders said hay farmers have gone into debt more heavily than ever before. ONE BANK officer who asked not to be identified said that his loans to hay growers were becoming delinquent at a 15 to 20 per cent greater rate than last year. indications are that the situation for hay farmers and dairymen will get worse instead of better and that beef growers are in for trouble. The hay farmers' market among cattle feeders is slim and dwindling, mainly because most feedlots have shifted from hay to high-protetin concentrates of feed grains as the major part of the beef ration. AND THE BEEF market may disap- pe'a,r completely if the worst fears of farmers and cattlemen are realized in a new set of FDA regulations planned for the 1969 growing season. CATTLE feeders now can use hay and grains that are too contaminated for dairy form use because the FDA limit on DDT residues in beef fat are much higher (7 ppm) than for butterfat. Confused by ambiguous FDA utterances to date, some farm authorities fear that federal officials plan to lower the beef fat tolerance to 1 ppm. Dr. George Ware of the University of Arizona's department of entomology said he believes that is the FDA intention. The UofA jast April lopped E>DT from its list of insecticides recommended for farm use, Ware staid, "after reading the handwriting on the wall."