The Mexia Daily News from Mexia, Texas on June 10, 1955 · Page 1
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June 10, 1955

The Mexia Daily News from Mexia, Texas · Page 1

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Mexia, Texas
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Friday, June 10, 1955
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WEATHER FORECAST North Central Texts — Clear to partly cloudy and cool tonight and tomorrow. Lew tonight near Si ftoe Mtxfa 9 alia N* m -A HOME-OWNED, INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER SERVING THE PEOPLE M YEARS- THOUOHT rom THE DAY Matur*, to to emimuito*. nnui tot ob«r«d.--Bic*n. VOLUME LVII UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRE SERVICE MEXIA, TEXAS, FRIDAY, JUNE 10, 19SS MEA COMPLETE FEATURE SERVICE HUMiER Uf The Seems f o Me By ERNIE DEANE Eastern Star Officers of Mexia FOLKS oft*n wonder why the Texas Legislature does some things the way it does, and often neglects to do others the way that good sense would demand. Behind the lot of things done at Austin in the name of the people of Texas—by their elected representatives and senators—is an evil system which has grown up nationwide. It is the system of "lobbying." * * * LOBBYING in lit pUincr.t sense means trying to get legislators to vote for something you want, or against something you do not want. Needless to say, each session of the Legislature brings an almost endless list of things which some folks want and which other folks do not want. Lobbying takes many forms, and much of it is evil. Unfortunately, when the lobbying is evil and when it succeeds, the people suffer. * * * A RECENT Utu* of the Texu Observer, a weekly paper published in Austin, took up the subject of lobbying in considerable detail. Following are quoted some of the things revealed in the May 23 issue of the Texas Observer. These things are worthy of the study of every right-minded Texan who wants to take pride in his state government, and wants his government to function for the public's benefit. * * * "THE AUSTIN lobbyist* are a sundry lot," said the Obeserver. . "They inform, they squire, they entertain, they cajole, they threaten, they bribe. "Some are highly honorable; some are forced into doing things they do not like by legislators who demand accomodation; some are dishonorable. "They work to achieve two kinds of results among the men who vote on the laws: a coerced frame of mind and a receptive frame of mind." * * * "CAMPAIGN money, bribes. retainers, and political, economic, and social pressure tend to produce the coerced frame of mind among legislators," the Observer continued. "There are those who are not easily bribed or intimidated," it added, but pointed out the ancient adage that "every man has his price or his weakness." A MEMBER of the Legislature "freeloads to his own limit—free food, free passes, free beer, free whiskey, free hotel rooms, and for those who want them, free women," the article said. * * • "THE EXTENT of outright bribery is not at issue," the Observer said; "what is in question is its extent." The Observer published a separate article on this one phase of lobbying, and some of it makes very disheartening reading. It brought to mind something which Jimmie Adams, our representative in the Legislature several years ago, told me about his experiences there while working to outlaw slot machines and pinball machines. Not only was he offered bribes to stop his fight against the crooked gambling machines, but he was also threatened. All credit to him, he went ahead, and his bill became law— and slot machines and pinball machines are something of a rarity in Texas now. * * * THE "retainer" system is another foim which lobbying takes in the Legislature. In this year's Legislature, 74 percent of the Senate membership was made up of lawyers and 42 percent of the House were lawyers. How many of these men were on "retainer" fees from various corporations, railroads, utilities, industries, "ic., is not known. However, it is said to be a fairly common practice for various members of the Legislature who are lawyers to be kept on "retainer" by such companies. Certainly it is difficult for a man to vote against his "client" or to refuse to vote for him, depending on the nature of the legislation at hand. Efforts to require legislators to revual their sources of income of this nature have consistently failed. Certainly there is nothing wrong in a lawyer accepting legitimate business from a firm even though he is a member of the Legislature—but the people are entitled to know who is paying him. ° * * # THIS discussion of lobbying in the Legislature is not designed in any manner to indicate that any member of the .House or Senate is a bribe-taker, i crook, or any such. Many legislators are honest, decent, capable men—and surely their work must be made more difficult by those who are otherwise. New officers of Eastern Star Chapter No. 57 of Mexia were installed at a public installation at the Masonic Temple last night. The eight elective officers of the chapter are (left to right) Sterling Baldree. associate patron; Mrs. Margaret Baldree, associate matron; Mrs. Beriict Marsh, conductress; Mrs. Lillian Miller, worthy matron; Mrs. Wanette Gafford. associate conductress; Jerry Miller, worthy patron; Mr». Katy Cantrell, secretary; and Mrs. Jeanette Hodges, treasurer. (Mexia Daily News Photo.) Ten of the new officers of the Mexia Eastern Star chapter are appointive officers. In the front: row (left to right) are Mrs. Vivian Miller, chaplain; Mrs. Eunice Dominy, Esther; Mrs. Gladys Smith, marshal; and Mrs. Marie Hays, Martha. In the back row (left to right) are Doyle Hodges, sentinel; Mrs. Modell Stovall, Ada; Mrs. Lola Margret Fock«, organist; Mrs. Merl Shivers, Ruth; Mrs. Dot Jones, Electa; and Macon Smith, warder. (Mexia Daily News Photo.) General Motors Work Forced To Close By Parts Shortages DETROIT — (UP) — General Motors Corp. has closed down 20 plants in various parts of the country because wildcat strikes have thrown parts supplies at manufacturing operations out of balance. The company said it was forced to take the action, despite the fact that most of the wildcat strikes have ended, because there were temporary shortages of parts in some manufacturing plants. A spokesman said the plants, employing 59,260 union members, were expected back in operation by Monday. Meanwhile, contract talks between GM and the CIO United Auto Workers appeared headed into the same kind of a stretch drive that produced the union's first guaranteed wage pact with Ford Motor Co. earlier this week. . Meanwhile, AFL teamster members and trucking operators were scheduled to vote today on an agreement ending the more than three-week-old trucking strike which .crippled long distance hauling in 11 western states. Federal conciliator John Fenton indicated the strike was at an end last night when he announced that representatives of the union and the trucking industry finally had reached an agreement Fenton said both sides had reached "a basis of settlement with mutual satisfaction," subject to ratification by both the union membership and trucking operators. Ratification meetings were scheduled for today throughout the western states. Jt was disclosed that both side: were recommending approval of the agreement. TRUCK CROP PRODUCERS TO MEET IN GROESBECK GKOESBECK — Spl) — A reg ular meeting of the Limestone Truck Crop Producers Associa tion will be held at the Grpes beck High School Monday nigh at 8 o'clock. A' discussion of watermelon production and marketing will b< featured. Information on othe truck crops will be gathered also o GRAHAM WOULD PREACH TO THE RUSSIANS PARIS — (UP) — Billy Gra ham f.ays he would carry his re ligioui; crusade through the Iro Curtain to the Soviet Union "' 1 am invited." Youths Bombs In Soviet Buildings STOCKHOLM, Sweden —(UP) — Russian buildings have been bombed twice in the past three ays but Swedish authorities say he explosions were only "teen ge pranks." A bomb exploded in the yard of he Soviet embassy last night, lestroying a diplomat's car and battering windows in neighbor- ng buildings. Last Tuesday another bomb was et off in the office of the Swed- sh-Soviet society, a Moscow- jacked organization. Police did not disclose Lhis incident until ast night's explosion. No one was injured in either )last. Stockholm's criminal police ihief said last night's blast was 'a teenage prank." It was '"very, ery improper" he added. He said the other blast three days ago apparently was at least 'connected" with the Thursday ni?ht bombing. He rendered his "prank" verdict after studying several re- jorts that the latest blast was .ouched off by three boys about 15 years old. Public Relotions Man Will Speak Sunday At Methodist Church Dub King, head of a public relations, publicity and promotions firm in Waco, will be speaker at Ihe Sunday morning services ol the Mexia First Methodist church Mr. King is an active Methodist layman speaker, a Sunday school teacher and youth worker He formerly worked for the Fort Worth Star Telegram, Texas A&M and Baylor University before opening his own business firm several weeks ago in Waco Mr. King was speaker here several weeks ago when the Firs' Methodist Church had a kickoff dinner in connection with its budget campaign. His sermon for Sunday will be "Paul the Apostle." Texas Form Cash Shows Decline Under Year Ago AUSTIN — (UP) — Cash income to Texas farmers in April Iropped one per cent from the ame month last year, the" University of Texas Bureau of Business Research reported today. However, prices paid during he January-April period averaged a four per cent gain over the 'omparatale period in 1954. Compared with last year's prices, livestock, and livestock products registered a six per cenl decrease in April, while fooc grains were off four per cent. Virtually all farm commodities hared in the January-April gain over last year, including wheat 3 per cent; oats, 30 per cent corn 20 per cent; fruits and vegetables, 20 per cent; mohair, 17 per cent; and peanuts, 16 per cent Compared with the January April period last year, cash income fell on hogs, down 11 pei cent; wool, off six per cent, anc cotton, down four per cent. TEAGUE BERRY MARKET MAY CLOSE TODAY TEAGUE — (Spl) — Irwin Dickie, Teague berry buyer, saic Wednesday that in all probabilitj .he market would close Friday o ihis week. Mr. Dickie estimated the har vest this season would be nea 37,000 pounds as compared will more than 120,000 pounds las year. In three weeks berry grow eis have completed harvesting o the shortest crop on record. Lowest point in the U. S. A. i Death Valley, Calif., 282 ft. belov sea level. Farm Surplus To Be Put In World Trade Ezra T. Benson Tells Canadians US Wants To Be Good Neighbor CALGARY, Alta. — (UP) — Secretary of Agriculture Ezra T. Benson assured Canadians today the United States will not unfairly dump surplus U. S. farm products on world markets in a "cut-throat" race for sales. He emphasized U. S. policy is to compete "fairly but aggressively" in world markets. Benson spoke before Albei'ta Canadian clubs on "good neigh- jdrs can build a great future." He ecalled that during wartime conditions the rest of the world "beat path to our North American grocery store." This picture began to change n 1952, Benson said, when num- rous countries increased their production to achieve self-suffic- ency. This left Canada and the United States with agriculture ;eared to a high demand which did not exist. The result was a piling up of surpluses. Benson said the United States | s attempting to move its surplus arm products by fair competition, Competition in quality, and par- icipation "in a mutually profit- ble international trade that [ives our customers abroad the continuous opportunity to earn oreign exchange needed to buy our products." o Paralyzed Officer Completes Study And Wins Diploma PALO ALTO, Calif. — (UP)— Col. Walter Shegda, who cannot walk now and may never do so again, has accepted his bachelor of arts degree from George Washington University in good stride. Col. Shegda, 37, is paralyzed from the waist down. He completed much of the last two years of work for his degree while confined to an. iron lung. Pres. Cloyd H. Marvin made the award by long distance telephone. "I now want to attend law school at Stanford if they'll have me," Col. Shegda said. Col. Shegda, married and father of f,wo children, was stricken with polio while stationed in Washington, D. C. and attending evening classes at George Washington in 1953. o FAIRFIELD FACTORY NEEDS APPLICANTS FAIRFIELD — (Spl) — A spokesman for the Fairfield Chamber of Commerce states that women employees arc needed to work in a factory to be located in Fjii field. He said 200 applications are needed by next Tuesday. The Chamber of Commerce did not say what type of factory was planning to locate in Fairfield, but that a manufacturer's representative will be there next Tuesday in the building next door to the post office at 9 o'clock to personally interview applicants. LEASING UNDER WAY AROUND BEN HUR Leasing around Ben Hur and Big Hill townsites by T. W. Whaley, of Marshall, is reported with a price of around $5 an acre being paid for approximately 1,000 acres. Leases reportedly are for five to 10 years and are in the N. Benevides, W. W. Buster, John Temperature Dips To 57 In Mexia; Rain Is Forecast Farm Lands, Reservoirs To Benefit Vacation Bible School Students More than ISO boys and girk are attending the Vacation School at the First Baptist Church in Mexia. The school started Monday and continues through June IS with Harold Davis, educational director of the church, serving as principal. These boys are shown in one of the school handicraft classes. They are (left to right) John Eubanks, Tommy Thompson, Jerry Matthews, Gary Talbot, Jimmy Willis, and James Ray Lively. (Mexia Daily News Photo.) Better Job On Vaccines Promised By Government WASHINGTON, D. C.—(UP) — The U. S. Public Health Service says it is ready to do a better job in handling new vaccines for other diseases because of lessons it learned from troubles with the Salk polio vaccine. U. S. Surgeon General Leonard Scheele gave this as- Mexia had a chilly 57 degree temperature last night with a high yesterday of 76. One tenth of an inch of rain was recorded here during the night. Meanwhile United Press forecasters said the rains may continue through Saturday. The rains we're said to have brought untold benefit to dry farm lands and city water reservoirs. Wichita Falls had a low of 51 degrees this morning, the lowest ever recorded there on a June 10. Thundershowers were falling over all the southern half of the state at mid-morning, weather bureau meteorologists said, but skies were clearing, at least for the time being, in the northern and western parts of the state. Forecasters said the cool temperatures—the therometer fell to 40 degrees this morning at Dai- hart and 42 at Amarillo—will continue along with the showers. The three major Dallas water reservoirs got 2,194,000,000 gallons of water from the rains yesterday, enough for 30 days sun- ply. Fort Worth got 554,200,000 gallons, two weeks supply. The Lower Colorado River Authority at Austin reported its chain of lakes were the best in 10 years, with Buchanan, Inks, Granite Shoals, Marble Falls, Travis and Austin lakes all full of water. The rains came in the wake of tornadoes and dust and sand storms that killed two persons—both farmers plowing in their fields who were struck by lightning on their tractors Wednesday. ,"., Cool air swept ta O* Pacific Tucker, R. H. Beatej and D. J. Kiger surveys. o TEXAS POLIO CASES DROP UNDER '54 AUSTIN — (UP) — Polio cases in Texas rose to 52 last week, a high for the year, the State Health Department reported today. The new cases for the week ending June 4 boosted the year's total to 340, still under the comparable total of 471 for the same period a year ago. Noted Gangster's "Castle" Is Up For Sale In Florida First Official Word On Segregation Is Received In Mexia First official notice of state action to carry out the U. S. Supreme Court's ruling against segregation in public schools has been received by the Mexia Independent School District. Supt. C. S. Hereford received a letter addressed to "all superintendents of schools" by J. W. Edgar, commissioner of education, Austin. For the most part, the communication repeats information previously published after a recent meeting of the State Board of Education. Local school boards are instructed to "begin immediately a study of appropriate methods to implement the decision of the court as applicable to their respective local conditions." The communication also informs superintendents that "it is deemed essential that future course of action be taken within the framework of the Texas public school system and within proper concepts of constituted authority." A sub-committee of the State Board of Education has been appointed to assist the state commissioner of education in studying future action. The next meeting of the state board will be on July 4. Meanwhile, the board of trustees of the Mexia Independent School District will hold their regular June meeting on next Tuesday night. The most recent decision of the Supreme Court, and instructions from the State Board of Education, are expected to be discussed at that time. surancc to President Eisen- lower in a report outlining problems encountered with he Salk vaccine and how they were solved. The report said the Salk vaccine jroved faulty in some instances jccause original safety tests de- eloped in research, and thought o be more than adequate, failed p work properly in mass produc- ion. Dr. Scheele told the president hat new safety requirements and •xpanded safety tests now being cquircd by the government doubly insure the Salk vaccine's afety. He said he now has "every bc- ief that this vaccine will fulfill ts bright promise as a major ad- /ance in the prevention and con- rol" of polio. The report said that development of the Salk vaccine should uad to vaccines for controlling other virus infections. * * * On Page 4 of today's Mexia Daily News is an article by Con- _,ressman Olin E. Teague concerning the polio vaccine situa- iofi. Be sure to read it. * * * The report said much of the confusion resulting from the vaccine situation could be laid to the fact that "events have been telescoped in time so that the vaccine has been developed, test- DEMOCRATIC RALLY TICKETS AVAILABLE Democrats of this area were re minded today that tickets for thi dinner scheduled in Waco on th< night of June 16, at which Na tional Chairman Paul Butler wil speak, will be available in Mexia only through Saturday. Tickets are avilable at the Barker Hardware Co. and are $10 each, the major portion of the amount being destined for nation- Hi Democratic party i'unds. MIAMI BEACH, Fla. — (UP)— Palm Island's famed house with the high stone wall has a "for sale" sign on it, and residents of the plush residential district can't help feeling a little uneasy about who their next neighbor will be, Owner of the fabulous estate until his death here in 1947 was Scarface Al Capone, a neighbor who never managed to find his niche in the wealthy and highly respectable Palm Island circle. Residents were outraged when the one-time lord of Chicago's vice and crime brought the house for $40,000 in 1928 and made it his "castle. 1 ' The neighbors 'soon had further reason to complain. Borne said they heard occasion- al shots fired inside the high walls that protected the crime cza» from the curious. There also were reports that some of Capone's "house guests" were holding machine gun practice off a 100-foot concrete boat dock. Capone spent some $200,000 in improvements on his "castle" and once boasted that he had $1,000,000 invested in the estate. Inside the imposing walls was a beautiful tropical garden with 12 stately royal palms. FORMER WORTHAM NEGRO GETS TRIAL CONTINUANCE GROESBECK — (Spl) — The trial of Ben A. Alexander, former Wortham negro, on a charge o; negligent homicide, was grantee a continuance Monday in the 77th Court on grounds presented by the defendant's attorney. The case will be heard at the nex term of court. Alexander is charged with neg ligent homicide in the death of Jo,yce Quarles of Wortham, who was riding with him at the time Capone said he spent $C5,0001 of the automobile accident tha • ' : ~~ took her life. He is charged with being intoxicated at the time o the accident. alane on an elaborate swimming pool. It's just as well that Capone can't know that the asking price for his million-dollar pride is only Adolphe Sax invented the sax ophone. ed and used in a matter of instead of years." It tfUid most great medical advances have "always involved a certain amount of acceptance of risk, trial and error." In Houston, Texas, four new polio cases were reported today ay the city health department, bringing the total cases in the metropolitan Houston area to 92 with one death, so far this year. One of today's new cases is Connie Cleaves, 7, who received the Salk anti-polio vaccine in April. Her case was reported to be mild. For the same period of last year, the metropolitan area had reported a total of 83 polio cases, with three deaths from the disease. RECREATION "CENTER PLANNED AT TEAGUE TEAGUE — (Spl) — A Youth •Recreational Association in Teague, organized less than four weeks ago has raised more than $11,000 toward the building of a swimming pool and recreation center. Dr. Maurice Gage is chairman of the finance commit- Northwest cities today, where the temperature topped 100 yesterday. Temperatures «l«o skidcdd in parts of the Southwest, but it was still 100 shortly before midnight at Needles, Calif, The 100 degrees at Seattle, Wash., tied the city's all-time heat record, set in July, 1941. There were more than 30 reports in the city of streets buckling from the heat, making them impassable to traffic. The heat meanwhile expanded the Lake Washington slup canal bridge to within a quarter inch of the point where it could not have been opened for passing ships. Cold water was sprinkled on it in an attempt to make it,'shrink. Other Pacific Northwest highs Thursday included 101 at Puyallup, Wash., and 100 at Dalles, Ore., and Kent, Wash. Needles had a high of 118 and the 100s were common yesterday over the interior valleys of California.and southern Arizona and parts ol Nevada, New Mexico and Texas. The mercury dropped into the 30s along the middle Atlantic and New England coasts and Lead* ville, Colo., had a below-freezing 30. : In the Deep South, meanwhile, a forest fire threatened the small town of Fulton, Oa., at the edge of the storied Okefcnokee swamp. The blaze had destroyed 30,000 acres of rich timberland and fire fighters feared that quickening winds would send it roaring through Fultbn itself. Stole School Doctor Gives Polio Hiitory At Rotary Mooting Dr. W. B. Barrow of the Mexiu State School was the principal speaker at the Rotary Club luncheon yesterday. He was presented by Mr. Lindsey Moore, pip- gram chairman. Dr. Barrow told the club about the causes, symptoms and some of the history of polio. He told of the development of the Salk vaccine and explained the program of The National Foundation of Infantile Paralysis in regard to the vaccination of first and see. ond grade children. An open question session fol» lowed Dr. Barrow's talk. tee. . Dr. Gage said that machinery, and materials will be donated by the citizens of Teague, in an effort to build a swimming pool that will meet the requirements of the citizens of this trade area. . : _. ______ . _____ Hi Kaoor L..,.. by din Miller! Out ft ttpft JMS5*"W thcr*'»Mfll^7r9 •any iMiy wow t * drivtri it that tfctir

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