Indiana Gazette from Indiana, Pennsylvania on February 25, 1980 · Page 3
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Indiana Gazette from Indiana, Pennsylvania · Page 3

Indiana, Pennsylvania
Issue Date:
Monday, February 25, 1980
Page 3
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Terrorism, tension mount in French Caribbean POINTE-A-PITRE, Guadeloupe (AP) — Separatists in this French Caribbean state, aided by Libya and Latin American leftists, are plotting new-terrorism, and spurring racial tension and labor strife, French authorities say. Even if a clear majority rejects the idea of independence,' officials acknowledge a small but vigorous minority could stir serious trouble in this sugarcane-fringed island that depends heavily on tourism. Tension here, fired by conflict in the French Pacific territory of New Caledonia, has spilled over to nearby Martinique and echoes throughout France's globe-girdling string of overseas departments (states) and territories. "The independence movement exploits race to the hilt," said Prefect (Gov.) Maurice Sabprin in an interview. "Every conflict ends with a call for whites to go.... There is racism against the Antiileans (blacks). The situation here is capable of growing violent very fast."" More than 100 bombings over four years have left eight dead. A bomb in March in a downtown snackbar killed three, including an elderly American tourist passing by. Earlier, four militants blew the'mselves up with a bomb. The latest terrorism followed sentencing in November of six extremists captured with weapons. Luc Reinette, leader of a banned independence faction, was given 19 years, later extended to 24. Reinette was convicted for. among other things, a 1983 assault on the prefecture in the Guadeloupe capital of Basse Terre. But Saborin makes a point of showing no panic: visitors wander up to his office unchallenged, their bulky bags unchecked. Security is relaxed throughout Guadeloupe. Hand luggage is often not inspected at the airport. Tourist operators report business continues strong, and the beaches are peaceful. But the atmosphere is charged, especially in this city of 100,000 where nearly a third of the island's population lives. The legal Popular Union for the Liberation of Guadeloupe repudiates terrorism. But its leader, Claude Makouke, said in an interview: "We feel the people are entitled to use every means available to convince the colonialists to leave." Makouke acknowledges that a heavy majority would vote to remain an integral part of France in any referendum. But he says that is because France brainwashes the population, keeps them addicted to handouts and controls elections by fear. Makouke rejects elections, and his party works instead to infiltrate labor unions, build up foreign pressure against France and augment tension in general. With 30 percent unemployment rate — half of those without jobs are youths just out of school — and a stagnant economy, the separatists" potential for destabilizing the society is growing. "My greatest worry is that these young people with few prospects ST&P BAMPMUS! KEEP YOUR ROOMS OASIS PORTABLE DEHUMIDIF1ERS $ 168 15 pint capacity LARGER MODELS IN STOCK Peterson Hardware FftCAVS Tit 9 P M might be driven to extremes by their frustration," said Saborin. He added that Libyans, Nicaraguans and Venezuelans were helping fund the independence parties. "I have new evidence that Libyan involvement goes much farther than simple contacts," he said. Two Libyan delegations recently visited Guadeloupe and separatists went to Libya in late April." The independence movement supports two Pointe-a-Pitre radio stations and a weekly newspaper circulating 8,000 copies". "It is not cheap to run media like that, without a scrap of advertising," Saborin said. On walls in towns and villages, slogans decry colonialism and link the Guadeloupean cause to the Kanak people of New Caledonia. French authorities say a promised independence referendum in New Caledonia has had an impact here. But they are quick to point out the differences. Europeans and African slaves settled the French Caribbean simultaneously, from the 1600s. The original Indian inhabitants have long since died off, and most of the population is Creole, of mixed blood. The Kanaks are native to New Caledonia, which is a territory, a step below Guadeloupe's status of department. "I am certain that if a majority in Guadeloupe were to decide to separate themselves from France, any government of the time would be responsive," Saborin said. "But until then, this is France, just like any other department." Authorities are watching small movements in Martinique and in French Guiana, a French department on the shoulder of South America. "You will be hearing from us," said Michel Kapel, a founder of PANGA, an underground party- seeking to drive France from New- Caledonia. "If they tight us. we'll fight back." PANGA is the acronym in French for the National Anti-Imperialist and Anti-Colonialist Party. It also is a Creole word that means "watch out." Like the Popular Union for the Liberation of Guadeloupe, PANGA shuns elections in favor of destabilizing the society. Kapel said France depended heavily on the European Space Agency's Ariana missile launch site at Kourou. "For Ariane, they need peace," Kapel said. "If too much trouble disturbs operations, European partners will join other anti-colonialists to force the French to end their outdated domination." In Martinique, a moderate autonomist movement is led by poet-politician Aime Cesaire, a national assemblyman and mayor of Fort-de- France, who called a moratorium on the issue after French socialist leaders gave more power to departmental legislatures. ttMatta (Jaggtte / Friday, June U, 1985 — Page 3 the last French colonies. Joint resolutions accused France of suppressing their cultures, engulfing their economies and ignoring their rights as peoples. "This conference proclaims our determination to forever eliminate this anachronistic regime which crushes our peoples' will," they declared. Detractors point out a closing rally attracted fewer than 3,000 people. "But," Saborin said, "it would be a serious mistake to underestimate them." "But decentralization is not deco- lonization," he told his party recently. "For us the moratorium is not abandonment ... but a tune to reflect." In April the Popular Union brought together in Guadeloupe independence leaders from seven French departments and territories for what they called a conference of VICTORIA SMITH, M.D. announces the opening of her office for the practice of PHYSCAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION at Keystone Rehabilitation Systems of Indiana 1705 Warren Road, Indiana, Pa. 15701-1289 Telephone: 349-6214 Office Hours By Appointment Only DAY SALE C. 25 % -33 % OFF "Longhorn" Cutlery from CARVEL HALL A. 14-Pc. Combination Set Includes: 12!/2" Carver, 13" Chef, 12'/i" Fillet, 7" Parer, TO'//' Utility, 12'/2" Sharpening Steel with Hardwood Block. Plus 6-Pc. Steak Knife Seat with Wood Block. REG. $60. NOW $39.99. B. 5-Pc. Cutlery Set in Handsome Wood Storage Box. REG. $30. NOW $19.99. C. 6-Pc. Steak Knife Set in Rugged Style Hard Wood Storage Box. REG. $20. NOW $14.99. HOUSEWARES... The Bon-Ton EA. COLONY Crystal Decanters REG. $50. Choose from 3 distinctively cut crystal decanters, sure to add a sparkle to dad's eyes. CRYSTAL... The Bon-Ton M2.99-M7.99 Knit Shirts by JANTZEN ROBERT BRUCE, MUNSINGWEAR, MIKAEL YORK, PHILIP MANN ORIG. $18-$26. Choose from poly/cotton or poly slub knits in a wide variety of stripes and solid shades. Gentleman's fit or regular fit. S-M- L-XL MEN'S SPORTSWEAR OFF Walk Shorts by HAGGAR, FARAH and MIKAEL YORK NOW $11.99-$15.99. REG. $16-$20. Cargo pocket and elastic waist siyle shorts in poplin, ;twill and duck fabrics. Solids, plaids. 30-42. 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