Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on September 22, 1968 · Page 8
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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 8

Phoenix, Arizona
Issue Date:
Sunday, September 22, 1968
Page 8
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Page 8 article text (OCR)

Hea& StarK L kids gain IQ, behavior, study shows York times Service WASHINGTON - Project Head Start has lifted the intelligence levels of children in a poverty culture and changed thfeir attitudes, motivation afld social behavior, according to a long-term evaluation cf the preschool program of the Office of Economic Opportunity. Research also has shown that "Head Start children who entered a middle class public School continued to improve, while Head Starters who go to 4-A the Arizona Republic Sunday, Sept. 22,1968 a school in a depressed area tended to level off to a fairly stable level, permitting non- Head Starters to catch up to them." These are some of the findings reported in a narrative summary of a 1&65-67 evaluation and research report. The continuing study was conducted by Head Start's own division of research and evaluation, whose principals are John W. McDavid, Edmund W. Gordon, Edith Grotberg, and Lois-Ellin Datta. All hold doctorates of philosophy in education. AS OP 1067, more than 2 million children had taken part in more than 13,000 centers of Head Start, which is a preschool program to prepare disadvantaged children for public school. The average cost was $220 per child in the summer pro- grams and $1,050 per child in the midyear programs. The programs included medical, psychological and sbcial services. When children admitted to Head Start are compared to randomly selected middle class children in intelligence, academid ability and school readiness, the Head Start group "consistently perform more poorly," the report said. The report also said: "The early notion of intelli- gence as a fixed quantity which remains constant throughout the life of the indi* vidual has been more or less discredited by modern psychologists. Newer approaches stress wide differences which the environment can make on a given potential and imply, therefore, that many features in the poverty environment retard the development of traditional and testable areas of intelligence. "IT WOULD SEEM that the enrichment of Head Start, which provides a more mid- dle class experience, should raise achievement on these tests. Indeed, it was found again and again that children who attend Head Start advance in measures of intelli* gence to significantly higher levels, with little or no relation to the particular style of program, "Although still usually not yet on par with middle class children, theif scores show gains of about 10 points or more from the time they en* ter the Head Start project and put them significantly above Children of comparable backgrounds wha were not Head Starters." The report styled these changes "dramatic," said that they may occur even in a two-month period, and that they are open to several interpretations. It is possible, for example, that the Head Start experience does not directly modify the general intelligence of the child but succeeds rather in cultivating particular skills through training or practice, THE PROGRAM provides experience with toys and material "which are comparable to intelligence test materials, thus increasing the child's familiarity with them and ability td USe theffi be* fdre the second test. Expert* ence with warn, interested adults may also enhance the child's perfeffflance," the re* port said. Some classroom situations have had better effects than others. In one study, children whd managed to make friends fof the first time out* side thetf ethnic group showed the greatest Improve* ment in t.Q. tests. ^^^^JJ^BHHiHHHMIIBHHMHW MIIHI ' IK ' Uarn To Play Piano & QrgaH ^ &y Mr •oirtAtMd, ... pnvHt ttodit lAttroentn, L«W *M». PfSfMMf Ruii»l|8«yd 275*8340 BONUS! OVER-SIZE BED FRAME With purchase of any mattress and box spring set e.. 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