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Navajo Sawmill Is Big-Business Operation - In Arizona and New Mexico stand 45R.457 acres of Pinus Ponderosa timber for which enterprising Navajo Indians have built a sawmill (hat is equally "ponderosa" — $8.5 million worlh. to be exact. The ultramodern facility turns out 48 million board feet of pine lumber a year, employs 450, nearly all Navajos. and has an annual payroll of $1.5 ' million. Markets as distant, as Chicago and New York are served by the mill's output. Observant train-watchers along the Santa Fc Railway may sec examples of the Navajos' resourcefulness in the neatly packaged lumber shipments bearing the colorful horned moon trademark of the Navajo Forest Products Industries. The horned moon is a Navajo fertility symbol, appropriate in more ways than one, since the tribe practices a sustained yield policy in cutting timber from its vast acreage. This guarantees an unfailing supply of timber, because cutting and felling on the wooded slopes straddling the Arizona-New Mexico boundary is on a selective basis to assure rcsccding by the forest of the cut-over areas. THE MILL IS situated 2,200 feet cast of the Arizona boundary and north of Gallup. The Navajos' first venture in lumbering was in 1888, an operation dwarfed many times over by the present mill. The latter came into being after lengthy study by members of the Navajo Tribal Council and a committee of outside consultants. The latter group was headed by Charles L. Wheeler of San Francisco, retired executive vice president of Pope & Talbot, Inc., West Coast shipping and lumbering firm. Aiding as members of the management consultant committee were many others, all outstanding representatives of business and industry. Directing the operations as general manager is Leslie I. Holmes, a second-generation lumberman with extensive experience in Minnesota and the Pacific Northwest. Functioning as assistant to the general manager- is I.cigh P. Hubbard. of the Navajo Tribe, native of nearby Leupp. The Navajo mill turns mil lumber of any desired size and finish and a variety of byproducts including pulp chips for making newsprint at nearby Snowflakc. humus bark for soil conditioning, pebble bark for potted plants and other uses, prefabricated housing, and wooden shipping cases for the U.S. government. THE NAVAJOS maintain a fleet of logging trucks and highway carriers. They have built a modern, covered loading facility on a branch of (he Santa Fc main transcontinental line near Gallup, offering mixed car shipments to wholesale lumber dealers. Logs brought to the mill undergo a debarking process before being put through a fully automatic, double-truck carriage to be sawed. The debarking device produces an awesome sound in operation as it. denudes logs. Debarking saves wear and tear on 47- foot band saws operating at 9.800 feet per minute in cutting 13.000 board feet per hour and costing $(500 each. Seasoning, grading and measuring of Navajo pine meets the highest standards. The mill's drying facility consists of 10 kilns with an annual capacity of 50 million board feet, operated by a college-trained Navajo foreman. Wood refuse from logs and sawdust is used for fuel in a modern suspension- fired steam boiler producing 75.000 pounds of steam per hour for the sawmill, drying kilns, and steam turbine generators producing 3,000 kilowatts of electrical energy. This, together with a 200.000 gallon elevated reservoir, makes the sawmill self-sustaining with regard to water and power. 12 The Arizona Republic Phoenix, Mon., April 3, 1967 • t£±2£r* f "'••'**•>;?* '»*> >^^^T«^w ^ V*"X ~V-v«* * Jlft'lflk Santa Fe Railway Photographs by Don Erb fc\%~ .,-:,£Nr^::> XVJ&-*" ^^^^^m^^^^^^^ S^S. * *t '.w« »- «- .VaJtffj**- '*.,.- <* ^* "^^^^Sfr^M^. Magnificent And Colorful Sandstone Formation Provides Backdrop For Pine Logs The Timber Will Soon Be Fed Into The Navajo Tribe's Modern $8.5 Million Sawmill Arthur Hermes Of The Navajo Tribe Puts Finishing Touches On A Shipment Of Pine Products The "Horned Moon" Is A Tribal Fertility Symbol Used As A Trademark For The Lumber Sea Of Bark, Stripped From Timber Before Sawing, Will Be Sold As A By-Product Of The Plant Chips Go To A Newsprint Mill, And Unusable Scraps Of Wood Are Used By The Plant For Fuel More ~W /~^ • - • • A1)0llt Lawyer Criticises (Continued from Page 1) the jury rather than at an appellate court," Cherry said. Cherry explained that much of the long and involved legal jargon judges waste on jurors "I BELIEVE judges should j s a defensive factor they use use plainer language, aimed at to convince higher courts that to sound so complicated that the jury doesn't even try to inter pret them. J ew otary TWENTY-EIGHT Valley businessmen arc the nucleus of a new Rotary Club being formed here. To be called the Phoenix South Mountain Notary Club, it is applying for a charter in the worldwide organization of more than 12,000 clubs with nearly Moro AlmuG Speck Trial (Continued from Page 1) rolling under a bunk bed and hiding from the intrude!' who strangled and .stabbed his young victims. Miss Amurao has been in seclusion since July. Martin's opening will be followed by Getty who has said the length and content of his statement will depend on what Martin presents. From his previous: court remarks, it appears that the stocky public defender will alert the jury to the possibility of a not guilty verdict by reason f insanity orme (500,000 members in 132 countries. The first meeting was last Tuesday in the Sky Riders Hotel. i Lee B. Olson, manager of the ( Central and Grant office of the 'First National Bank of Arizona, was elected president. Other officers are Howard L. Rinscho, Mountain Stales Telephone Co. district manager, vice president and William M. Green Jr., South Mountain Episcopal Church minister, secretary-treasurer. The new club is sponsored by Phoenix Rotary Club No. 100. The South Mountain Club will have its meetings at 12:15 p.m. on Tuesdays in the Skv Riders Hotel. i they have gone through the i proper mumbo-jumbo in the • trial proceedings. j "But that isn't the real purpose of instructions," Cherry maintained. "A change is due, as is indicated by the fact that juries have not and do not pay much attention to judges' instructions." HIS EXPERIENCE on the jury, Cherry said, also confirmed his belief that (he court is unrealistic when it assumes that juries will not discuss insurance coverage of principals in a damage suit. "This jury discussed the subject i\f insurance," he said. "And the assumption was that .both, especially the woman driving the new Cadillac, were heavily insured. Otherwise, they reasoned, the ease wouldn't have gone to court." Insurance is a dirty word so far as trial judges arc concerned, and they permit no mention of the word in the courtroom. The legal theory is that Ihe element of insurance should not influence a jury's decision. "THIS PARTICULAR trial," said Cherry, "also illustrated how careful a lawyer must be while crossexamining a witness before the jury. 1 "This jury felt that one of the attorneys was mistreating witnesses at times when he actually was doing a fine job of discrediting previous testimony given by those witnesses. "The judge also had instructed the jury to disregard the testimony of a witness if his testimony had been dis- ci-edited. But the jury refused to consider or discuss anything tending to discredit a witness or make a liar out of him. "LAWYERS ATTACH a great deal of importance to the procedure of raising doubt as to the credibility of a witness. But apparently a jury does not. "It was the first impression made by a witness which counted the most. The jurors resented lawyers getting 'rough' with certain witnesses who had made good first impressions. "Jurors tend to classify one lawyer as the 'good guy' and the other as the 'bad guy,' depending on their handling of witnesses," About Red Guards Want Mobilization (Continued from Page BEACH WORK CONTINUES LAND'S END. England iAP) High winds and heavy seas yesterday disrupted spraying of oil patches from the wrecked tanker Torrey Canyon. But on shore troops and volunteers kept at work cleaning polluted beaches and rescuing oil-covered sea birds The radio quoted the speakers as calling Liu "a [alse rev- u'utionary, ;jnd a counter revolutionary, and (he Khrush- clK'V who stays on our side." The Red Chinese have denounced Russian ex-Premier Nikita S. Krushchev as a traitor to Marxism and 1/eninism. "THE REVOLUTIONARIES said further 'the great leader .Mao' has already issued hit, call tor millions ol loyal war- i lors to organi/c a mighty army ol cultural revolution for sur- ruiindui^ tin' highest power- holder uhu takes the capitalist path wiihin the panv," the bruadca.-t said. 'We . ilchnitelv nil] not abandon the cause haJfuay. We definitely will weed out the greatest root of revisionism in our country and we will detinite- ly topple this Khrushchev who stays at our side from the place he occupies.' THE RADIO said ".several hundred thousand revolutionaries" took part in the rally in Peking's huge date of Heavenly Peace Square, where Mao and Liu stood side by side on numerous occasions over the >cars to receive the tribute ol millions ol Chinese. The rightwing Truth Daily said Chinese warplanes are constantly patrolling the 5.000-mile Sino-Soviel border and troops in frontier areas have been alerted lor any emergency. More Ahoiii Youth Traits (Continued from Page 1) i ever, to help reduce the toll from heart disease and stroke. Dr. Paffenbarger gave his re!port last week at the annual) i meeting here of the American; College Health Association and Simplified this later in an interview. AT ITS FINAL session at Ihei Mayflower Hotel, the associa- ition passed a resolution urging jcolleges to take steps "whereby the social acceptance of smoking may forever be eliminated as a threat to the health of American college students and j faculties and staffs of all institutions of higher learning." The suggested measures included the removal of ail cigarette vending machines from college buildings and the establishment of policies unsympathetic to smoking. THE RESEARCH has been in progress since 19lil, sponsored by the National Heart Institute. It is expected to continue indefinitely. Cooperating with the project are Harvard University; and the University of Pennsylvania. The research dealt with 13,500 men who attended the latter institution in years from 1931 through 1940 and 37,500 Harvard men from 191G through 1950. More than 4.000 of the group are dead. The survivors range in a»e from 35 to 70. In the first 1(1 years alter entering college, accidents and suicide were !ne two leading causes of death. In the following decades, the statistics put heart disease, cancer and stroke on tup. THAI VISITS SOUTH KOREA SEOUL i UP!) - Thai Prime Minister Thanoni Kittikachorn yesterday began a four-day official visit to South Korea. i LI r-*n/i»¥xr Republic Photo by Yul Conaway •l-H FAMILY — Hale C. Tognoni. 1525 W. Northern, in charge of the barbecue at the Maricopa County Fair at the State Fairground, has his whole tnmily in the 4-H program. His sons, from left, are Brian, Jeff and David each with his own horse. County 4- V Fa More than GOO entries ranging from cattle to mineral collections will go on display Friday at the annual Maricopu County 4-H Club Fair at the stale fairground. About 1.000 boys and girls in and arounnd the Salt River Valley have worked months preparing their exhibits for the two-day fair which will be open free to the public from 8 a.m. to 9 p.m. Friday and K a.m. to 5 p.m. Saturda\. THE FAIR, among the largest county 4-11 shows in the nation, is sponsored by tlie- Salt River Project. It will be housed in the cattle barns and exhibit buildings on the east side of the fairground, south of the Memorial Coliseum. Nearly 4,000 exhibits including biscuits and beef cattle, posters and pansies. have been entered in the agricultural and Club Fair Opens •ground Run Friday home economics display. It is the fair's 41st year. Animal exhibits will be housed in the cattle barn, while displays of clothing, crafts, fruit, rocks, cooking and canning, to be judged be- lore the show begins, will be in the exhibit buildings. LIVESTOCK judging will be done both Saturday and Sunda)'. All winners, including animal and other divisions, will receive blue ribbons. Pn/e-winning livestock will bo auctioned at 1 p.m. Saturday in the cattle barn arena. A barbecue lunch of beef, beans and cole slaw will be sold for SI per plate at noon Saturday. No lunch will be offered on Friday. THE FAIR'S annual horse show was held yesterday and Saturday at Ari»Dna Stables in Scottsdale, but a humorous costume class will ride in the cattle barn arena from 6 to 7:30 p.m., Friday, The fair schedule includes: FRIDAY 8 a.m. — Judging of dairy cattle and swine. 8:30 a.m. -- Judging of poultry and rabbits. 10 a.m. — Judging of sheep. 1 p.m.—Judging of beef. (i p.m. — Humorous costume horse class in arena. SATURDAY fi a.m. — Goat judging. 8:30 a.m. — Tractor rodeo. 11:30 a.m. -- Awards presentation in arena. Xoon — B a r b e cue. plaza north of the cattle barns. 1 p.m. — Fat Livestock auction in arena.