Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on January 11, 1968 · Page 28
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January 11, 1968

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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 28

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Phoenix, Arizona
Issue Date:
Thursday, January 11, 1968
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Page 28
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RtPUBUU Nur sem-; in Onion Field .)<•••) v , V,;' -. •"';' ; '" •" J Children of Migrant Farm Workers Cared ior in Trailer 18 The Arizona Republic Phoenix, Hnirft,, Jan. 11) PEORIA — A nursery on wheels in the midst of an onion field has brought the babies and small children of field workers into the trailer's warmth and care. A; new wrinkle in nursery for children of migrant farm workers, the trailer is a pilot program fielded by the Peoria Child Development Center. It is a stopgap operation for the tots outside the Migrant Opportunity Program's Peoria Center, already operating at maximum capacity. Concern for the children turned away from the center prompted Mrs. Jessie Leyva, center director, to tour fields where the migrants were working. Convinced of the need, she then secured the services of VISTA workers to survey and document the need. Mrs. Leyva said that babies and small children, without the facilities of the center, were found in the fields where their parents worked. An example was a Navajo Indian couple with four small chil- Elizabeth Blake Awakes From Nap With Her Is Mrs. Jessie Leyva, Who Directs New Nursery dren. Their baby was placed on a bed in the mud alongside the mother as she worked in the field. Her brothers and sisters ran the chance of being struck by field trucks. The mother, distracted by her children, was less productive. The idea of taking nursery care to the field seemed the logical answer. Mrs. Leyva enlisted the aid of Johnny Alvarez, MOP Peoria resident trainee, who requisitioned a trailer through government surplus. The two began appealing to individuals and organizations to help get the trailer nursery rolling. Sun Citians rallied to the call. Ed Jozwiak, a Sun City carpenter with time to spare, installed cabinet work in the trailer and built-in beds for babies. Sun City organizations, along with the Arizona Migrant Ministry, provided food, clothing and bedding. Ready Jan. 2 By Jan. 2., the trailer was ready for business in a field at 51st and Olive avenues, where parents brought their preschool children in from the cold. Inside, the tots shed their clothes for freshly- laundered ones, including diapers. They breakfasted on cereal, toast and jam and fresh milk. "At first, the children did not want to leave their mothers," Mrs. Leyva said. "But the boxes of toys soon attracted them." Children eat at noon with their parents, basically because the trailer is limited on its food budget. But, because of lunch time, the tots know their parents are nearby. An afternoon snack of fruit, sandwiches nnd milk is provided by the mobile unit. The trailer is manned by MOP aides, themselves former field workers. As field workers move to new harvests, so will the trailer. A portable fence and a field toilet are provided by the farmer. Butane gas powers the range, heater and refrigerator, but there is no electricity. Water has to be pumped into the trailer from a tank on a truck. First Program "To my knowledge this is the first time anything like this has been done," Mrs. Leyva said. "We hoped that if we got the project going through contributions, government agencies would consider the worth of mobile units in other migrant areas." The trailer unit does not provide the same medical care as the child development center, Mrs. Leyva pointed out. Aides merely check the tots. The director hopes that medical examinations and immunization programs can be starter soon, through MOP and Maricopa County Health Department. Aside from the benefits to the children, the mobile unit frees the mother from care of her children, enabling her to earn more and produce more for the farmer, Mrs. Leyva pointed out. "The field nursery," she Cigarette Vending Machine Price Hike Hit by Rep. Carillo An irate lawmaker lashed out yester day at businesses which have boosted the price of cigarettes and laid the blame on tax increases approved last month by the Arizona Legislature. Rep. Tony Carrillo, D-Pima, pointed out the SVz cent state tax hike on cigarettes does not become effective until March 22. But Carrillo said he received numerous complaints last weekend at Tucson that cigarette vending machines were being adjusted to 40 cents per pack, a nickle above the current price. SOME MACHINES bore the explanation that the increase was due to tax increases by the legislature, Carrillo said and he pointed out that this is a deception upon the public. "I don't mind two or three weeks for them to prepare the machines," Carrillo said. "But three months in advance is being unfair to the public and the people ought to be aware of this." Carrillo said a tobacco distributor reported some of the machines in question are owned by business firms who can do with them as they like. But the distributor declared his firm is being careful not to hike prices until the law becomes effective. REP., THOMAS GOODWIN, R-Pima, said the premature price boosts were not confined to Tucson. He said he found some firms doing the same thing in Phoenix. Both men urged the public to report such situations to the State Tax Commission which is responsible for collecting the cigarette tax. However, Commissioner Waldo Dewitt said while the practice may not be cricket, he knows of no legal means the commission can use to stop the gouging. "They could say they are increasing the prices early to get enough money to change the machines," Dewitt said. "As far as I know there is no legal way we can order them to stop." If the business firms announced that the tax collected was to go to the state, there could be a law violation involved if the money was not turned over, Dewitt said. ENVIRONMENT CONFEREES — Smog and water pollution countermeasures generated lively discussion yesterday at the Metropolitan Phoenix Urban Policy Conference at the Biltmore Hotel. Participating were, from left: Hiram S. Davis, director of economic research Republic Photo of Western Management Consultants, Inc., Phoenix; Robert Coop, Phoenix city manager; Col. Louis Himelstein, president, Del Monte Investment Co., Phoenix; and Dr. Lynton K. Caldwell, professor of government at Indiana University. Blast, Fire Wreck Barber Shop (Continued from Page 1) explosion had occurred after 11:30 p.m., he noted, he would have been inside. "I was in the store Wednesday and Saturday nights," Miss Johnson told The Arizona Republic. "I quit yesterday. I can't believe it." BATTALION Fire Chief Ted Bentley said the explosion,^occurred at (lie rear of the barber stoga/and ||ffr infestigajors were seeking w det*fefirja*»he(lier a bomb had been planNprpjjpiu •" : said the explosion was Ifplnde but highly suspicious" origin. Ed Waldron, 34, of 3049 N. 52rt*PJPark- way, owner of the Cue King Pool Hall, said he was shooting pool when the blast occurred. "I heard this big, loud explosion," he said. "It seemed like the whole top of (he building was coining in. Then the walls started coming down. I shouted to the people to get them out of there and I ran out the front door." JIM LAINE, 26, of 6118 W. Citrus Way, Glendale, said he was shooting pool when he heard a sound "like a bomb went off." "I favv, f |he flames coining over the top o|4he ; waif (|rqjn. the barber shop)," Lain|jai|,-"W^:jus|'lef| gur coats there and |f} exit thtf fr$t dpp." Asked if he know a reason for the explosion. Bill Gaston, 5541 N. 23rd Ave., owner of a jewelry store two doors away from the barber shop, replied: "Yeah. He's advertising $1.75 haircuts." HYATT WALKED through the wreckage of his store late last night with firemen and investigators and vowed to rebuild. "I vv.'Ji rebuild, and at the same place, if the landlord will lei me," he said. '•I'll be open as soon as I can." He pointed to what was left of his shop and said: "I'm a four-year Navy veteran with a Purple Heart and an Oak Leaf Cluster, and if I ain't allowed to work in this country, who can?" said, "also gives the mobile unit, workers three contacts a day with the parents. This is important." Mrs. John York, MOP child development specialist for the state, said that the four child development centers—formerly called day care centers, in Peoria, Allenville, El Mirage and Cashion — are reaching about 50 per cent of the children needing nursery care in those areas. Help Needed Both Mrs. York and Mrs. Leyva said the public can help the project. Other trailers could be used. The present trailer had 26 children one day this week. "We simply can't accept another child," Mrs. Leyva said. "We could use another trailer on the spot." If trailers are obtained, carpenters could donate time to ready them. Those who sew can make clothing and bedding. Toys (not stuffed ones) are needed. For a simple project, homemade kits with comb, brush and toothbrush are needed. Republic Photo-Feature By Thelma Heatwole Cute Papoose, Linda McCabe, Gets Cuddling From Trinidad Ochoa Baby Was Removed From Cradle Board For Day At Field Nursery Kiddies Have Fun With Donated Toys And, Weather Permitting, Play Outside Nursery More About Antipollution Group at Odds (Continued from Page 1) and research program to make the environment more agreeable to mankind. The bill also would establish an executive council to assist the states. Caldwell called the new environmental protection association in New York City "a matter of focusing upon the environment as a matter of civic responsibility unparalleled in America." THE INTRODUCTION of the Senate bill and the creation of the agency in New York represent a fundamental change in the public's viewpoint on the functions of government, he said. "'The public has indicated that the protective custody of the environment is the responsibility of government," Caldwell said. "This has never been done before, but it comes within provisions of the Constitution calling for maintenance of the national health and welfare." Caldwell and Haefele warned the conference that America may make a mistake if "it remains tied to the traditional concepts of doing things." Framers of the Constitution gave future generations much latitude to solve problems, they said. AIR CONDITIONING, which simu- Hearing Scheduled For Liquor Bill A controversial measure aimed at getting drunken drivers off the road will get a public hearing in the state Senate hearing room at 2 p.m. Jan. 19. The Senate bill introduced yesterday would provide that any person obtaining a license gives implied consent to take a chemical or breath test if arrested as a drunken driving suspect. The alternative would be a loss of the driver's license. The measure also lowers from .15 to .10 the amount of alcohol in the blood to indicate intoxication. Haefele Caldwell lates a temperate climate, has made possible the Valley's growth as an urban renter, Caldwell said. "Today, however, Phoenix is pictured in some magazines as the kind of a city one doesn't want," he said. "By the 1960s, Phoenix and other cities across this land were beset with conditions caused by the indiscriminate use of the environment." Years ago, conservation publications began warning the public about the stress placed on the environment by cities, policymakers were told. "CONSERVATIVE politicians of the stature of Robert Taft and Barry Goldwater became concerned," Caldwell said "The question of the environment cuts across political lines and causes conservatives to consider liberal solutions. America has too long concerned herself with what Caldwell calls "urban cosmetics, the planting of flowers around City Hall." He contends the deeper, more serious environmental problems have not always been attacked vigorously. Haefele, an expert on urban transportation, said San Francisco has reacted to the esthetics of freeway systems by assigning them low priority. "THE ESTHETICS of transportation systems are felt most strongly by those living near freeways," he said. "These systems, built near, through or around deprived neighborhoods, tend to,Benefit higher income families who have high speed automobiles." A freeway system in Washington was delayed by persons who questioned its purpose and value, Haefele said. A study showed that 200 persons would be displaced by the freeway. A ripple effect would follow with the 200 families being relocated, but, in turn, evicting 200 additional families, he said. HAEFELE RECOMMENDED studies to measure the traffic capacity of neighborhoods to prevent destroying them. He indicated that high speeed and heavy volume routes sometimes proceed through low income neighborhoods. "Income is a great protector against bad aspects of the environment, including transportation," he said. Haefele questioned whether some decisions should be made in referendums or votes of elected bodies, such as city councils. "A REGIONAL airport for the Dallas- Ft. Worth area was dafeated in a referendum even though a majority voted for it," he said. "The issue was set up so that both counties had to approve it. One did, but the other did not." A delegate to the conference asked Haefele if he were alluding indirectly to the defeat of a housing code in Phoenix by a vote of the public. Haefele indicated alternatives to a public election are possible. Suspension Ends For Gulf American MIAMI, Fla. (AP)-The 30-day sales suspension against Gulf American Corp. has ended and the company resumed full operations yesterday free from scrutiny of five state-appointed monitors. The firm refused to allow monitors ap-r pointed by the Florida Land Sales Board into its headquarters and a board spokesman said the state can't do anything about it. ,,

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