Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on April 15, 1961 · Page 4
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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 4

Phoenix, Arizona
Issue Date:
Saturday, April 15, 1961
Page 4
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21 The' Arizona Republic k A •-; S--WM Phoenix, Sat., April IS, 1961 REDUCED TO RUBBLE—Bulldozer and workmen were busy yesterday as they started cleaning up what is left of the department store El AP Wirephoto Encanto after Wednesday's fire in Havana. Cuban officials said sabotage destroyed the multimillion-dollar establishment. Store Blaze Bad Blow For Castro HAVANA (AP)—The new wave of sabotage that turned Cuba's biggest department store into smoking ruins has left a grave problem for Fidel Castro: whom can he trust? His enemies, in striking at the multimillion-dollar nationalized El Encanto store, appeared to demonstrate the depth of their penetration into the ranks of workers and militia that Castro claims as his strongest support. .THE FIRE Thursday night also destroyed an El Encanto warehouse and another damaged a pa- p|r warehouse. And at least nine explosions rocked Havana's suburbs during and after the fires. Adlai Asks Belgians Quit Congo Soon UNITED NATIONS. N.Y. (AP) U.S. Ambassador Adlai E. Stev- nison declared yesterday a Bellian exodus would speed a solu Ion to the Congo crisis, but he •ejected proposals setting a dead- ine and threatening penalties. The U.S. chief delegate ex pressed support in the general assembly for a mildly worded Asian \frican resolution urging quick econvening of the Congolese parliament to determine the fu ure political structure of the di deled country. After hearing Stevenson the as iembly adjourned until today for i vote on rival Congo resolution! before it. Stevenson suggested a feclera. 'orm of government, similar to hat in the United States, would be the best for the Congo. He said the" sooner Belgium vithdraws extraneous personne rom the Congo, "the sooner the task of reconciliation cart go ahead" He referred to Belgain military and semimilitary personnel and political advisers whose with drawal has been demanded in pre vious security council resolutions He mentioned recent assurance; rom 'Belgium that it would com ily with council resolutions. More About Moscow Salutes Greatest Hero the hinterlands ports .that three stores were fired in' Santiago, a 'cotton mill destroyed by flames in Juguani and tons of sugar cane ruined by fires in Pinar del Rio Province. -Informed sources described the prime minister and his associates as "livid with rage" at the destruction of El Encanto, which had become one of Castro's showpieces. PROPAGANDA organs blamed "Yankee imperialists" and the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency for the latest blows against Castro The store's workers had been purged and repurged of those either in opposition to Castro or le thargic toward his regime. Its militia organization was regarded as superior and its internal security corps was especfally organizec to' combat sabotage. YET WITH dozens of militiamen standing guard inside and outside the six-story structure at closing time Thursday, torches were so skillfully applied that within min utes every part of the huge build in§ and its rich stock of luxury and. household goods burst into flames. (Continusd From Page 1) people seemed to turn out in a city red with the banners and flags of the Soviet Union and plastered with pictures of the astronaut. At Red Square, with the world listening and watching, Khrushchev declared: "The space flight must not detract the attention of the Soviet people from other targets, and these include catching up with the United States in the standard of living." To his Kremlin listeners, Khrushchev declared die Soviet space superiority "must not give predominance to anyone or to any country." "This 'must lead to even greater conviction on the part, of all he people throughout the world that greater, efforts must be directed to secure peace, to reach an agreement on disarmanent." Khrushchev said that the im- portant thing about Gagarin's feat "is that those who are sharpening their knives against us know that Yuri has been in space." By daybreak on this sunny but chilly day, Muscovites began gathering for the welcome along the route leading from Vnukuvo Airport to Red Square. GREAT PICTURES of Lenin and smaller ones of Gagarin looked clown on the crowds from walls of buldings. Soviet flags and multi-colored streamers fluttered in the wind. Red bunting hung from balconies. Long red banners carried the words "Glory, to the First Cosmonaut Gagarin." Gagarin's typically Russian face appeared on pennants, streamers and badges. Loudspeakers blared patriotic songs above the crowd's hubbub. Some snow was still banked in dark corners of the city^ but there was nothing to chill the enthusiasm. While they'waited, the people ate ice cream cones, buns, Chinese Reds Soliciting Advice Of Peasants Again HONG KONG (AP)—The Chinese Communists are currying favor with the gnarled old peasant of China again. "We must consult him humbly on agricultural matters," the official People's Daily says. "He is a farming expert with rich practical knowledge." This is quite a change over the past few years. The Chinese peasant and his ways were denounced until recently as feudalistic and obsolete. The doctrinaire leaders of Red China said they knew more about agriculture than he did. They decreed grandiose plans for him to deep plowing. They set target dates that were, in some cases, impossible to meet. And they decreed the type of plants the peasant without should grow, frequently any regard for the cli mate, soil or other local conditions. According to the close planting 1.1 ecu giauuiuse pians lor mm to D —«->v- *«ui<uiig fulfill. And they punished hirni theory ' the clo ? er vou Panted mercilessly if he fell down on the yout " P lants - the more you would mercilessly if he fell down on the I job. They ordered close planting and AP Wirephoto SOVIET SPACE STAR—Alia Massevitch, 39-year- old Russian scientist, is proving to be the not-so- secret weapon in the space propaganda war. She heads the Soviet space satellite tracking program but spends considerable time outside Russia lecturing on the conquest of space. /' Portugal Rebel Asks* U.S.'Entry WASHINGTON (UPI) — Portuguese rebel leader Henrique Galvao, who seized the luxury liner Santa Maria, has applied for a visa to attend an African Freedom Day rally in New York City Mon- day, It was learned yesterday. He Is scheduled' to share the speaker's stand with Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey, D-Minn., and two African nationalist leaders. Terrorists' Angola Toll Exceeds 100 LUANDA, Angola (UPI)-Heav- ly-armcd bands of raiders ..have spread terror from one end of this Portuguese possession to th« other and killed more than IbO aersons In raids on Isolated • villages, Portuguese news agencies reported yesterday. The AN! agency.said the three main targets of the terrorist* appeared to be the village of Buco- zau in the north, the hamlet of Fubo on the eastern border of Angola and the hamlet of Lema farther south. ANI said many of fhe terrorists wore uniforms and carried automatic weapons. It did not identify them further. The Lusltnnia agency said the terrorist raiders suffered heavy losses and that security forces also had several casualties. Victims of v the raiders' attacks included whites an well as Negroes. ANI reports from northern Angola said heavily armed rebel bands had struck across the frontier from .the former French Congo and attacked the frontier posts around Cabinda, suffering heavy losses. Numerous arrests were reported, Including one group in this capital city itself. That Incident came when Europeans who fled to Luanda from threatened villages recognized some of the raiders walking along the main street. harvest. Peasants overplanted so badly in some areas that entire crops were lost. Cuba Drifts Steadily To Civil War The author, a Canadian , newspaperman, reported from . Cuba for NANA until his recent arrest and expulsion by | the Castro government. By PAT GARRARD MIAMI (NANA) T Cuba today 'is quickly and relentlessly drifting toward the brin^ of full- scale civil \var. This is the horrible thought that is now beginning to grip many people in Cuba on both sides of the political fence. And yet, like, a sleepwalker with a split personality, the country is continuing to head toward complete national disaster. As the situation in Cuba deteriorates further each week, it is becoming increasingly common for those who remain on ll;e island to compare their country with that of Spain before the civil war. And they have good reason to make this horrible contrast. So much of this political and ideological venom has entered the national bloodstream that it has broken marriages, divided brothers, and alienated children from their parents. . Several weeks ago I saw at close hand an example of the gulf that has moved in on so many families. It was an annual family reunion of a middle-class Cuban "clan." However within half an hour aftar everyone had arrived, the party huil split into two groups, tiie government supporters and the counterrevolutionaries. "There was little communication between the two factions and the atmosphere on that hot afternoon was chilly and oppressive. "When the intensity of an issue reaches the point where it breaks up families, you have your first step toward civil war," said a Spanish priest who had fought as a youth in his country's conflict over two decades ago. "I've seen this chasm develop before and what is happening here is so similar it makes me sick. "Somewhere along the road to civil war a nation passes a point of no return, when the end result becomes inevitable. In the case of Cuba I don't know if that point has been passed, but if it hasn't, we are right on the edge." No one is. more aware of this looming catastrophe than leaders of the underground in Cuba. What worries them is not so much the huge stockpile of aims the Castro government has, but rather the number of people who would fight for this government to the bitter end. Another factor which increases the chance of an all-out civil war is the temperament of the Cubans themselves. Throughout history Cubans have shown themselves to be fiery, impassioned, but often cruel. Few people have waged more heroic buttles against tyranny. but few countries have had such cruel oppressors as Cuba. Cubans are often imbued with an almost religious eagerness to "die for their country." They talk about this subject with such fervor and relish that they almost seem to welcome the opportunity to do battle, regardless of their political beliefs. The Cuban situation has remained relatively stable until now because — strange as it seems—Castro himself has been a moderating influence on his government. Time after time government supporters have told me that Fidel is too soft and that more firing squads are needed. So far, Castro has had his way only because he personifies the revolution. There are signs however, that this moderation is changing. If Fidel Castro is ever removed from the scene, by assassination for example, full- scale civil war would begin immediately. Under Raul Castro, Fidel's heir apparent, mass executions would begin in earnest and that alone would turn the country into a bloodbath. Even if the Castro government is finally overthrown, its supporters are going to be around for many years trying to thwart the efforts of any other government. Their efforts vill be similar to those of the Peror.istas in Argentina, only worse. The United States has a festering, infectious, sore to its south, and it's going to be a Ion;; time- before il heals. candy, cabbage sold from hot boxes and pirozhkis, doughy dumplings filled with rice or meat. The area around the airport was jammed as the Ilyushin 18 turboprop airliner roared in, bringing Gagarin from a secret air -base where he has been waiting since he rocketed into world fame Wed nesday with the announcement o his historic flight. Seven Soviet je fighters flew escort. KHRUSHCHEV had arrived a short time before from a Black Sea vacation spot. The entire dip lomatic corps, including U.S. Am bassador Llewellyn E. Thompson was out. Gagarin's wife, Valentina, was waiting. The astronaut's father Aleksey Gagarin, and his mother had come from their home near Smolensk. Khrushchev spotted the family and shook hands with them and praised the elder Gagarin for raising such a fine son. First off the plane after 'i taxied to a halt was Gagarin. HL wore a military overcoat witl brass buttons and blue piping The cheers rose to a deafenini crescendo. UNSMILING, Gagarin cam down the ramp alone, walked u to Khrushchev and saluted. Th husky premier hugged Gagarin kissed him in the mouth and on both cheeks. After the two stood stiffly to gether for the playing of the na tional anthem, Gagarin strode pj swiftly to his waiting family, and)pi hugged and kissed his wife. Gagarin, his wife and Khrushchev got into a green, open automobile decorated with garlands, of roses. Mrs. Gagarin was chic in a new spring hat of light blue and a brown, fur-collared coat. The elder Gagarins rode in car behind. The motorcade set off for the 20-mile trip to Moscow with a motorcycle escort. APPLAUSE and cheers echoed as the motorcade entered Moscow j si and made its way toward Red K Square. Windows and balconies p; were filled with people cheering, t waving and blowing kisses. Khrushchev led Gagarin to the top of the Lenin-Stalin tomb, a signal honor. Gagarin's family remained on the level below. Surrounded by the ruling presidium, Gagarin turned with a broad smile to receive the throng's cheers. Poised and handsome, Gagarin then thanked the party and government "and personally you, Nikita Sergeyevich, for trusting me, a simple Soviet pilot, with the flight to outer space." INTERRUPTED repeatedly by applause, Gagarin said he never had doubted "the successful outcome of the space flight." Praising the designers of his space ship, he declared: "1 am confident that my friends —fliers, cosmonauts—are ready to make a flight around our planet at any time ... We shall fly on ! longer routes . . . "1 am boundlessly happy that j my beloved motherland has been the first to penetrate into outer space." The Arizona Republic Published every morning by Phoenix Newspapers, Inc." 120 East Van Buren Phoenix, Ariz. ALpine 8-8811 ..... Subscription Prices Carriers or Dealers In Arizona Republic (Morn & Sun) 55c wk Republic (Morning) 35c wk Second dass postage paid at Phoenix, Ariz. Saturday, April 15, 19(31 Vol. 71, No. 231 *v sS i ft SAVE ON With Trade Req. 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