Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on June 15, 1969 · Page 16
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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 16

Phoenix, Arizona
Issue Date:
Sunday, June 15, 1969
Page 16
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Ki L- LU, MAIL BULLuOQ ItA the Arizona Republic Pri«»fc, SnMay, Jute is, iftti Supreme Court descends to low point in esteem by people contacted in By GEORGE GALLUP PRINCETON, N.J. •- When Warren E. Burger assumes his role as chief justice, he will head a Supreme Court that is relatively low point in public esteem. Six years ago in 1963, the American people first asked to record when were their attitudes toward the Supreme Court, 43 per cent gave the court t favorable rating ("e x c e 11 e n t" or "good"). Five years later, in IMft, the percentage hid declined to 36 per cent. In the latest survey, conducted May 23 through 27, the comparable percentage was 33 per cent. Among adults today, 8 per cent rate the court as "excellent," 25 per cent say "good," 31 per cent say "fair," and 23 per cent say "poor." The final 13 per cent have no opinion. An Important factor behind the court's decline in public favor, as judged by the views expressed in surveys, is the growing feeling that the court is "too soft" on criminals. Others complain that the rights of the individual are being protected at the expense of society as a whole. Another fairly large group argue that the court's role should be one of "interpreting" rather than "making" laws. The latest results show no significant change in favorable attitudes over the lait 11 months. It was during this period that Abe Fortas resigned as a Supreme Court justice following the disclosure he had accepted funds for service to the foundation of Louis E. Grant continues negative tax test WASHINGTON (UPI) The Nixon administration has approver • $1.2 million grant to continue a test of the negative income tax aa a possible alternative to existing welfare programs. The money will finance for a second full year a "graduated work incentive" experiment being conducted among more than 1,000 New Jersey urban families. It was the second grant approved this month by the Office of Economic Opportunity for large-scale research on so-called "income maintenance" plans. On June 3, OEO funded a $500,000 experiment to test income maintenance among 800 rural families. The location of the rural experiment has not been announced. Wolfson, who was convicted of stock manipulation. While 23 per cent give the Supreme Court a rating of "poor," an increase of I percentage points since 1963, many citizens interviewed applaud this body for helping to move society forward at an impressive pace while fully protecting the rights of individuals and minority groups. Much of the explanation for the rating* given the Supreme Court can be seen in the public's reaction to widely discussed decisions made by the court In the last 15 years. The public favored three of these decisions, opposed three and wai evenly divided on one. A majority of the American people favored the 1$54 ruling on desegregation in schools, the 1964 ruling on reapportionment, and the 1965 ruling on distribution of birth control information. Majorities opposed the 1M3 ruling on religious practices in public schools, the 1965 ruling on Communist registration and the 1966 ruling on admissibility of confessions as evidence in trials. They were evenly divided on the 1967 ruling on interracial marriages. This was the question asked in the current study and in three previous surveys: !• general, what kind of rating would yea give the Supreme Court — excellent, good, fair or poor?" The latest results, based on Interviews with 1,515 adults, and the trend: INI INt 1967 1962 what higher than Republicans, while Southern whites are far more critical of the court than are Northern whites. When new appointments Are made by President Nixon, the public would prefer a conservative to a liberal by * M ratio. This is seen in a further question asked in the same survey. Although the survey was conducted before the selection and confirmation of Burger, t conservative on law-and-order, it la unlikely that the public's views following his selection would b* much different. With one vacancy left to fill, the appointment of a conservative would give the Burger court a more conserv- al districts and other political boundaries. This question was asked in the survey: When tew appetntmeits are made by the PresMeit to the Supreme Court, would you like to have these people be people who are liberal or conservative In their political views? Here are the latest results and the trend, showing attitudes slightly less liberal than one year ago: Excellent . 8 Good ...25 Fair 31 Poor 23 8 28 32 21 15 30 29 17 no opinion 13 11 9 10 33 26 15 16 A citizen's evaluation of the Supreme Court bears a close relationship to his educational attainment. Forty-three per cent of the college trained give the court an "excellent" or "good" rating, while only 25 per cent of persons with a grammar school background do so. Younger adults are more favorably disposed toward the court than are older persons. Forty-six per cent of persons in their 20s give the Supreme Court a favorable rating. Democrats rate it some- White - White LEVIS $4*8 U Ywr L«vl f |*r« CASUALS wsr • C*m*lk«ck •i Cwrtrai ative torn and could tip the balance of important future decisions. Close decisions of the Warren court have included those involving the legal rights of suspected criminals, the civil rights of various groups, the vote laws of states and the apportionment of congressiofi- N. Viet planes returned home SAIGON (UPI) - North Vietnam has pulled most of its estimated 128 air force planes out of Communist China and back to their regular bases in the north in recent weeks, informed allied military sources said yesterday. All but about 20 of the aircraft had been moved into Red China during the U.S. bombing campaign over north Vietnam which was halted last Nov. 1. The sources said most of the planes were flown back across the border recently to bases at Phuc Yen, Ken, Vinh, Hanoi and Haiphong. They said the Vinh airbase has been expanded since the bomb halt to handle big jets. It is about 145 miles north of the Demilitarized zone. 30 51 19 Liberals ............. 25 Conservatives ........ 52 No opinion 23 Marked differences are again found on the basis of educational attainment, with college trained people most inclined to favor liberal appointments. This is consistent with results to the previous question which show people with a college background the most likely to be favorably disposed toward the Supreme Court. People reached in the survey who favor the appointment of liberals would likely agree with a 40-year old Detroit physician who said, "We've got to keep the country moving. Only liberals can match the times." 1M§ 19M Those with opposite views would be likely to side with a 33-year old salesman from Pennsylvania who said, "We've got to calm things down. It's time tor the pendu- survey lum to swing back from tot left, Where it's been going sine* 1132." ._ IN «u tmu MODERN WALL SYSTEMS, INC. It In! CimilbicK M. 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