The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on June 6, 1949 · Page 6
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June 6, 1949

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 6

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Monday, June 6, 1949
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BLYTHEVTLUS (ARK.) COURIER NEWS MONDAY, JUNE 6, 1949 ; ~T XHK BLYTHBVILLB OOUBIEB NEWS Tax, ootnunt Mzmoa H_ W HAUi&B. PublMMr JAMB i* vERBocvr Bd*«r FADL O. BtntAM. AdWtttoC etrkaii . pot Octotat », W7 •t th* port- undo «c* at Coo- Uaaim ot Tb« UtatiMH fnut • SUBSCRIPTION RATES: """ mi cantei In tt» dt» <a BlytbmUta at uf •uburttn towo when carrlet cervtat » jjal» tuned We per week, o* tec pel caootn Bj mill, wltblr a rwltiu ot SO mile* MW p«t •car. $2.00 lot tit months. SUM (01 three month*; m.ii outride M mil* woe tlOM fit nut '' ID whanc*. Meditations And tt cunc to p»*», ih»f, u h« wu pravini IB • certain ptec«, when he ctued, one al hit *tarllHtt l&W unto Kim, Lard, teuh in to p»r, « John »l»o Uuthl his disciples.—Luke 11:1. * * * When we pray 06 God with entire assurance, it Is Himself who has given us the spirit of prayer. —St. Cyprian. AEC Fellowship to Avowed Red Shows Poor Judgment The congressional storm that has blown up over the Atomic Energy Commission's fellowship award to an avowed Communist raises touchy issues. Under pressure from angry senators, Chairman Lilienthal of the AEC has ordered all applicants and present holders of fellowships to take loyalty baths and sign non-Communist affidavits. • Lilienthal was unhappy in this move. •The awards are for training in scientific fields related directly or indirectly to atomic research. He toli^enators progress in science would be menaced by political tinkering with education. He begged them not to stretch the arm of federal control into learning. The reaction in the Senate has been confusing- It seems likely some senators are using this matter and the case of : the missing uranium as weapons against Lilienthal personally. He still has powerful enemies in the body that confirmed his appointment in 1947 only after 11 weeks' bitter debate. His ouster has been demanded by Senator Hickenlooper who was origi- ! nally one of Lilienthal's warmest supporters. But Lilienthal's general competence seems to us a question apart from the specific issue of security against communism in the AEC. On that, one point stands clear at the outset. This government believes the TJ. S. Communist Party seeks to gain power through the violent overthrow of our system. It is now trying to prove that view in a New York federal court. We have ample evidence, furthermore that the party deman'ds absolute allegiance to its doctrines and obedience to its orders. A party member who understands his obligation^can serve no other master—and certainly not truth. No man thus bound can be a loyal servant of the United States government. He is pledged to undermine it. But certainly the government has a right to require loyally as a basic condition of employment. It cannot he expected to bather into its fold men bent upon its overthrow. We still allow a man, as an individual, to join thi Communist Party. But he cannot carry this privilege with him into government service. ]f he doesn't like the restriction, he is free to leave. Applying this idea to the case of Hans Friestadt, the avowed Communist granted the fellowship, we must conclude the award was a mistake. Friestadt would get federal money to study physics. Now some students receive' government funds to study farming and other fields, for themselves. Friestadt would be trained, however, in the hope he could some day take part in the highly secret atomic energy program of the government. By Lilienthal's testimony, he would not as a. Communist bt eligible for that secret work. He therefore could have no usefulness in the heart of the program. And, in this instance, the purpose of the fellowship awards would appear plainly to be defeated. doesn't lik« the idea of PX'» selling lav- i*h television sets and similar luxuries. Mayb« it wanti to »top this sprawling expansion before somebody asks th« Justice Department to prosecute the armed forces for violation of the antitrust laws. VIEWS OF OTHERS The New Lilienthal Probe There is a tendency U> pre-Judge the current congressional Investigation of the Atomic Energy Commission. Some are assuming that Chairman David Lilienthal has been ihown to be incompetent just because an investigation was deemed neceuary. Others are describing the probe K a plot to "get" Lilienthal and to turn atomic energy back Into military hands. Neither proposition has been proved as yet. By welcoming this Investigation, Mr. Lilienthal demonstrated that he knows that fact-finding is one of the most Important function* oi Congress. Even when only abuses of the Investigating power are brought to light, something is gained. Since Senator Hickenlooper supported Mr. Lllien- thal's appointment as AEC citairman, his motives certainly cannot be challenged on the present record. And Chairman McMahon hu promised a "cool, open-minded hearing." The trouble Is that both Senator Hickenlooper and Mr. Lilienthal have done most of their talk- Ing in general terms. Much of this may be unavoidable in connection with atomic energy secrets. But when a layman makes charges, he must have heard something which is no longer secret. Thus Senator Hickenlooper has two specific counts. One U ttiat a Communist student lias been granted aid for atomic study of a non-military nature. The AEC'i answer that the student was selected by another agency U not fully satistactory. If there must be screening for security reasons somewhere along the line, why not at the start? Perhaps more serious is the case ol the missing U-235. The FBI is of the opinion that espionage was not involved. Was it mere carelessness? Does ti\e slight quantity of the missing material warrant the alarm felt In some quarters? Is 0-2:15 really an exclusive American secret? Most ol the questions about this case can be answered only by experts. It U essential that they be called on to say whether this is a serious matter, or whether it is only being made to appear so. As for Representative Elston's complaint that the ABC cleared Dr. Condon and Dr. (jraham, the cases of those two men are old stories. No good purpose' can be served by going Into them ill over again. If the Investigating committee sticks to new charges, and If It hears both sides of the story, it can perform a valuable service. —ST. LOOTS POST-DISPATCH A Lot of Help He Turned Out to Be! Southern Liberalism The belief' that there 1< a fixed pattern for race relation* In the south is a misconception held by many long-distance northern critics and fostered by some backward-looking southern apol- Oglitl. Actually, the vitality of southern liberalism becomes constantly more apparent, modifying and changing old patterns not by doctrinaire flat but by organic growth. A recent report of the Committee on Christian Relations of the Presbyterian Church of the United States (South) accents thia with its assertion that "the presen-day claims ol American minorities to full civil rights have a moral and historical basis," as well as constitutional guarantees. Written by southerners for southerners, it urges a fuller knowledge of the Negro, including the talented teachers, artists, poets, scholars, and statesmen of that race now hidden behind the "curtain of segregation." This—and the comparable position! taken by other church groups and Christian leaders throughout the South—Is a far try Irom the period In American history when the churches of both North and South notly defended the Institution of slavers'. A Negro pastor in Chattanooga, commenting on the opening of the public library in that city to Negro adults, declared recently: Some day. every closed door against the black man will swing wide open, not by pressure of law but through the spirit of Christianity, which Is on the march. When the Christian spirit, rather than a doctrinaire radicalism, brings about changes In long- established custom, then the good gained \s not swallowed up in the bitterness generated. —CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR SO THEY SAY King-Sized Candy Store Tiie retail business done by the armed services in post exchanges and ship's stores probably was never just peanuts. But by last year the output of 588 retail units had grown to $'131,000,000 worth of goods for the 12 months. The House Armed Services Committee is looking into this sizable trade. It Politics In Great Britain HoW Keen Interest for All Nations -/w PETER EDSONS Washington News Notebook Senate Committee's Lilienthal Inquiry May Lead to Revision of Atomic Law By Peter Edson NEA Washington Correspondent WASHINGTON (NBA) — Atomic Energy Commission Chairman David E. Lilienthal will be investigated on two principal counts. One is hli personnel policy and the other ia his security policy. The first covers the granting of a fellowship to young Hans Friestadt of University of North Carolina, an avowed Communist. The second covers inability to account for one- eighth ounce of uranium oxide and the bottle which contained it. These charges are a good bit like demanding the removal of Henry Ford II as head of his company because eight automobile.^ are missing and because his grandfather once hirerl R. J. Thomas, the left- wing United Auto Workers official. If Iowa Republican Sen. Bourke B. Hickenlooper had reread the atomic energy law of 1946 and if lie had more clccely examined Mlien- thal's personnel and security policies, he might no^ be so far out on the end of what now looks like a rotten limb case. Section 10 of the atomic energy w requires that no individual shall have access to restricted data ntll the Federal Bureau of Inves- gation shall have made an inves- gatfon and report to the commix- on on the character, associations nd loyalty of such individual and he commission shall have deter-lined that permitting such person o have access to such restricted ata will not. endanger ihe common Icfense or security." Not that the restriction Is placed imly on those Individuals who To predict what Japan will do today on the basis of a pattern followed 20 or 30 years ago is hardly appropriate. Japanese fingers have been burned because the people followed blindly, like lambs to the slaughter.—Japanese Premier Shi- gcru Yoshida. * • • Within those two million people (of Berlin) there has been reborn a soul, a will to sacrifice, to earn—to have what you here.. .always will have because yiu will never give It up.—Gen. Lucius D. Clay. • » • The only man afraid of a lie detector is a liar. —Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy (R) of Wisconsin, urging use ol lie detectors in the Senile Invtstisa- tion of the "Malmcdy Massacre" cue. V • w Thl» program (farm price supports now In eftect) has been built up over the put 16 yean and has worked pretty well In both peace and war. 1 don't look for any revolutionary changes in it.—Rep. Harold D. Cooley (D> ol North Carolina. » • • To say that it would lake at least ten billion dollars and a million men under arms to secure the frontiers of Western Europe against invasion Is probably a gross understatement.—James P. Wurburg, New York author and former b«nker. "shall have access to restricted data." Kans JViestad^ was not to have access to restricted data. So the law did not cover his case. Where Was Hickenjooper? This may show that the law needs amending to correct this weakness and to require FBI loyalty investigations of everyone even remotely connected with AEC work. If this Is so, however, the fault does not lie with Chairman Lilienthal. It lle.s with the lawmakers. Where was Senator Hickenlooper in the two years that he was chairman of the Joint Congressional Committee on Atomic Energy? Wiiy didn't he discover this weakness and correct it? Off with his head. Thp U. S. atomic energy "industry' now UPS about 68,500 employes. The largest numbers work in five major areas—Oak Ridge. Hanford, Los Alamos, the Ar^onne Labora- iory a^ University of Chicago, and Ws.shinston. In all, there are now 1270 separate plants, laboratories and other installations in 41 slates, 'Canada and Einewetok. Of the 68.500 employes, 64.003 are employed by private business concerns undei contract to rfo certain work for AEC. Only 4500 are directly employed by the government. Of these. 1BCO are the security em- ployes tile suni'rts who watch the other 66.100. Of the remaining 2-70C government AEC employes, about hplf are women on clerical work. Of the approximately 13Sfl men about 700 have Bachelor of Science or higher degrees. The 4500 government employes have all been screened and re- screened. AEC has no investigative staff of its own. FBI does all this vork, clearing for private employers as well as government. For the past two years FBI has been required to make about 5000 personnel investigations a month, just to seep the total working force at around 70.000. Screening Out Bad Eess Handling these clearances— amounting to nearly 200 a day—is obviously a full-time Job in Itself. About a fourth of them—or 50 a day—will turn up some derogatory Information. Of these, an average of 48 will be bad-character cases. They will be the drunks, wife-beaters or screwballs. They would make bad employes in a hardware store a ribbon counter, even if no se- f-ritv were involved. So they aren't hired. The other two per cent> or about four cases a day on the average, wilt involve some tniesUon of loyalty. They may have belonged to something sometime or may have known someone who did. Three out of the four cases will eventually be cleared. The fourth, will involve a securi'v risk. So he won't be hired and given access to restricted data. This is the experience over the past two years. In 1947 AEC appointed a temporary personnel security review board to work out its policies. On it were such eminent men as ex-Supreme Court Justice Owen J. Roberts, ex-Undersecretary of State Joseph C. Grew. President Karl T. Compton of MIT, President George M. Humphrey of Hanna Coal .and President H. W. Prentiss of Armstrong Cork. Th« DOCTOR SAYS By Edwin P. Jordan, M. D. Written (or NEA Service The time when symptoms nf hay fever develop In a susceptible person depends on what pollens he or she is sensitive to. A lew people develop symptoms from the early pollinating trees. Many more do not have much trouble until June or early July when the grasses begin to pollinate. The worst difficulty conies about the middle ol August when ragweed and Its relatives begin to shed pollen. The first thing which everyone should know about their hay fever, or rhinitis, Is what it come from. If a particular pollen—or several of them—is at fault, the offending substance can almost always be discovered by skin testing. The various pollens are collected, scratched on the skin and a reddening will occur In those people who are sensitive. Many of the pollens are or can be made up Into solutions and injected under the skin to produce gradual lessening of sensitivity. This method Is followed particularly for grass hay fever and fall, nr raeweed, hay fever. EARLY TREATMENT WISE A person who has a special sensitivity to pollen is wise not to wait until the last minute to do something about It. It takes several weeks or months to accomplish much in the way of decreasing sensitivity to pollens. Although temporary relief of symptoms may be obtained with new drugs, the effect is not the same as the injections which are aimed at decreasing the sensitivity. More relief can be offered to hay fever sufferers now than ever before. It is not only possible to give the pollen Injections or shots, but when these are only partially successful, further relief Is usually possible with one of the comparatively new short-acting drugs. of which there are now many brands on the market. These drugs should not be taken without a doctor's advice. Some of them make people sleepy and this has been the cause of some serious accidents. Their efficacy varies in different persons. • • * Note: Dr. Jordan is unable to answer individual questions from readers. However, each day he will answer one of the most frequently asked questions 'in his column. THE DOCTOR ANSWERS By Mwin P. Jordan, M.D. QUESTION: Can a fast heart be BT DcWItl MuKenxi* AP Foreign Affair* Analyii The political campaign for Britain's next general election, which U due » year hence but might be precipitated earlier, already \t under way and Is getting hot. It's « historic battle in which I England's first outright Socialist government Is fighting to retain the leadership which !t wrested from the long-reigning Conservative* (Tories, some call them) In 1945. ff Former Prime Minister Churchill ' again is leading the charge of the Conservative brigade. The London Daily Herald—organ of the Socialist Party—is angry with Mr. Churchill, accusing him of imputing that under the Socialists th? empire Is being thrown away. The paper maintains that the empire has been strengthened by such ads of the present government a* the granting of independence to India, Pakistan and Burma. This isn't the first time Churchill has attacked the Socialists along fatal? Mine is continuously around 100 beats a minute. ANSWER: A moderately fast heart, such a* described, without any other signs of heart disease or bodily disability would not of itself be fatal. T5 Years Ago In Bfythevf/fe Mrs, M. Fitzsimmons retiring president of the Woman's Missionary Society of First Christian N HOLLYWOOD By Krskine Jnhnson NEA SUff Correspeondenl HOLLYWOOD (NEA1— With Leo Duoclier's GianU riding high I" he National League, baseball talk with Laraine Day is inevitable. v She old me she never rnz/es or boos iallplay«rs while watching a game. 'Heck." she said, "they can see my pictures. Umpires." she says, "arc movie producers with spikes on." Laratne is In Hollywood for "I Married a Communist" and Leo is the devoted hvisband. calling her on? distance every ntghl. "But." she says, "he calls merely to (ell me who dropptd the ball." The war has left its mark on Algiers. Ella Raines and her husband, Maj. Robin Old?, spent four days there on leave from his Air Force assignment in IXMldon. Only night club local color thry couW find were neon-liglitcd bistros fca- turinz American bands playing bc- boo to sum-chewing jitterbugs. Ella returns to London after comnlrrtin? "The Bail Bond Story at RKO and then comes back to Kollywood in September tor three pictures. Wonder if M-O-M orderi-d Peter I/iwforrt off Ihe rtlchl clut) circuit? It's been weeks since I've uten his name linked *Hh a nrw I'm right behind the Oklahoma House of Representatives In demanding that Hollywood depict Indians with more respect. Wher white men win a picture fight will! Indians it's a ••battle." But wl.eii the Indians win it's a "massacre." Jnrty Gets a Rest With Belly Hutlon In and Judy Garland out of "Annie Get Your Gun," the scvlpl Li due for a cam- i piste re-write. Judy, who lost the job. is due for a year's rest. . . . Gregory Ratotf, Just back from Rome, says he has the inside on tht ln»rld Berrman-RolMrlo ROB- sellini-Dr. Peter Lindstrom soap opera. Greg claims Rosseilini Is 'publicity hungry" and framed the whole riea! via those chummy still photographs. Or Is that the story now? Bob Ryan probably will be Joan Fontaine's co-star in "Bed of Roses." There's an' Interesting yam behind the slovy. Three ye.nrs aso lonn bought, a novel titled, "All Kneeling." and sold It to DKO as a starring film for herself. But she Jlixd another picture to do first, llipn formed her own company and tried to buv back the story. RKO wouldn't, sell. Other d:sy Hownrd Hughes sent her the script of "Bed of Rases." T\vo minutes attcr its arrival. Joan called Hughes and told him to send over the contract. "Bed of Rose.s" is the new title for "All Kneeling.'' Pat O'Brien nixed an offer to do "Born Yesterday" on Broadway this summer in favor of "What Pr'ce Glory " at Greg Peck's L« Jolla little theater. Ann SoMiern's ex. Bob Sterling, s.iys lie's giving up the movies completely to become a night club sing- j er. . . . The Agnes Moorehcad- Jark Lee marriage fa coming apart at the scams. . . . Congrats to Ar- tVnir Freed, celebrating his 20th year as a producer at M-G'-M. Thrwr Freed filmusicals have paid oft like annuities. off the piano. The announcer said. "Shoo, we're on the air." One fellow, spoke lip and said, "That's got nothing to do with us. here is our order to move this piano out," and move it they did. Hay says now if he ever gets nervous before the microphone, he just thinks back to the day they moved the piano. However, Ray did admit that it made him a little nervous to play bridge, especially with someone he thought was good. He said he was so nervouse one day when he played with one of the experts lhat, he McKENNEY ON BRIDGE B; William E. McKrnnrr America's Card Authority Written for NEA Serrict Spade Stuff Will Make This Slam I accepted L»an Seymour's Invitation to go over to see his Saturday night rad' program "Sing It Again," and I had the privilege of seeing Ray Block perform, and I mean perform. He not only is the leader ol the orchestra, but he does the rumba and keeps the audience in laughter during the whole let him play today's Viand at six diamond*. One of the kibitzer's said ft should be played at six spades, but If you look the hand over cnrefully, six spades cannot be made. At six diamonds you can discard a losing heart on the fifth spade, the ruff a heart and concede a club trick. the imperial line. One of his fiercest assaulls was made back in December. 1946. In the House of Common* when Socialist Prime Minister Attlee announced sten.s to exncdi'e self-government in Burma. Churchill charged the government with undue iiaste ''in divesting ourselves of the great possessions of the British crown." and added: 'This haste is appalling. Scuttle is the only word that can be applied to what, spread over a number of years, would be a healthy constitutional process." Recalls Churchill's Famous Words The world won't soon forget one of Chili'Chill's most noted lines in defense of empire, delivered in a speech while he was war-time prime minister in 1942: "I have not become the Kind's first minister in order to preside over the liquidation of the British _ empire." 4^ It is to be noted that Churchill has not attacked the policy of granting independence to countries like India and Burma, but rather has opposed haste. On that basis let's take a look at the situation a.* impartial observers. I have been studying India intensively for more than a generation and have spent much time there, and this is the way the position looks to me: India and Pakistan were out for absolute Independence. So were Burma and Ceylon. They wanted action and they meant business. It's a fair bet that if the British government hadn't acted when it did in granting independence, some or all of these dependencie-s would have taken matters into their own hands. They were ready to rebel if necessary to secure freedom. Both Sides "Playing Ball" True, Ihe British government might have stood nff the day of reckoning a bit. more, but to do so would have been playing with high explosive. That colorful part of the British empire long had b«en on its way out. There was no way ol holding it much longer, except by force of arms. As things have worked out, free India has decided io play ball with Britain and is remaining a member of the commonwealth of na.- :| tions which recognizes the British crown as the symbol of unity. Oth-' ers are expected lo follow suit. This leadjustment has given fresh strength to the commonwealth. There will be further changes, lor the empire is In process of a mighty metamorphosis. There is likely to be increasing emphasis on the commonwealth, as further dependencies reach their time for independence. Thus on the whole the British government would seem to have bridged Its imperial difficulties exceedingly well. It's hard to see how they could have done much better under the circumstances, and they could have done a mighty lot worse. Church was given a surprise luncheon yesterday by other members of the group. The 30 present went to her home where a buffet luncheon was served by other members of the group. The hostess home was beautifully decorated with flowers. Large Deer Answer to Previous Puzzle Public libraries tu 94 large United States cities houses between more than 44 million volumes. Sam nearly 29 m.Uiovi you tig st ers between tlie ages of 5 * A .1 1 2 * 106 » A.I 8 4 A A75 VKQ.I9 ... N _ .1 • 7 ."? + 1096 W E S 1 Dealer *S54I • !)62 *KQ.I3 > KQ 1083 » A 7 * KQ10S + 82 Kubber— Neither vul. Soulfc I * 3 « 4* 5 « Pass «'«< North East Pass 2 * Pass 3 * Pa;* 5 + Piiss 6 « Pnss Pass P.1SS Double Pass Opening— +K _ « show. Ray Is riding high now, as he is also on Ed Sullivan's lelevia.or show every Sunday night. He told me that back In 1929 he got his first real opportunity on radio, to sing and piay the piano. He was very nervous, but the program well. ana 17- i going well, when In walked fou More than 23 million youngsters' big piano movers, with hammers from five to 17 are enrolled In and screw drivers. U.S. public schools. They started to knock the le*i HORIZONTAL 1 Depicted large deer 4 It has branched 9 Uneven 12 Beverage 13 Anticipate 14 Pronoun 15 Higher 16 Heavy hammers 18 Artificial language 19 Two (prefix) 20 Spread, as hay 21 Health resort 22 It it found -s — Amerio 23 Rim 25 Created 27 Before long 28 Gr«k god of war 29 Street (ab.) 30 Concerning 31 Thus 32 That thing 33 Mix 35 Try 38 Indian 39 His also found in Europe and 40 Part of "be" 41 Era UPut on !SPound (ab.) 47 Egyptian sun god 48 Countries W Measure of cloth Jl'Crtck letter 53 Convex. 54 Number 55 Descendant 56 Growing out 57 shoulders arc nve to six feet high VERTICAL 1 Musical studies 2 Scale (comb, form) 3 Egyptian spirit 4 Healthy' 5 Was indebted 6 Radix (ab.) 7 Dresses stone 8 Pace 9 Exclamation of surprise M3U =iiJMS8F!E1IlH'-*'J 10 Ridicule 11 Male bees ISLoud 17 Friends in need 24 Idle (ilk. 26 Sharp ridgei 33 Portions 34 Fruit 36 Unspoken 37 Articles ot furniture 42 Portal in » fence 43 English school 44 Bit 45 One Urn* 49 Man's name 52 Any 54 Diphthong

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