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The Burlington Free Press from Burlington, Vermont • Page 1

Burlington, Vermont
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1 I ti if tit ilt mmmtmn mm mt. Vol. 134, No. 193 16 Pages 10c BwithftO. 0 Buurttyd Ukt Ckajpbi MONDAY, AUGUST 14, 1961 Britain Denounces Berlin Move 3 Spectators Injured At Norlhfield Speedway NORTHFIELD Three persons were injured here Sunday, one of them severely, when a racing car went out of control and plowed into a crowd of spectators at the Northfield Speedway.

Pr PhotD Stu Perry Mrs. Flora Bruley, grandmother of Carmella Santor, is comforted by relatives on porch of Bruley home in South Alburg. South Alburg Girl, 6, Is Killed As She Dashes in Front of Auto ond lap of the afternoon's second consolation race between stock cars. Lacillade was driving a stock car owned by Middlesex Road Commissioner Bert French and his brother, Clinton. Lacillade, who had started in the eighth position, was trying to pass Robert Boyce, 19, of North-field.

There wasn't enough room and Lacillade was forced toward the infield. His right front wheel struck a slight rise in the infield, rocking the vehicle onto its two outside wheels so that it careened about 50 feet diagonally across the track's first curve. The car then struck a 10-foot bank, which it climbed to plunge through a wire fence behuvi which about 30 persons had gathered. Most of the spectators scrambled to safety, but the Redmond girl was found severely injured near where the racer came to a halt. Spectators questioned afterward said the accident happened so quickly it was impossible to tell where the car had actually struck the girl or whether she had been hit by the collapsing fence.

A hairband belonging to the girl was later found hanging from the wire fence. SOUTH ALBURG Struck and killed instantly on U.S. 2 here Saturday afternoon while returning to her home from play was Carmella Jean Santor, 6, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Harold Santor.

A southbound sedan driven by Donald Anderson, 35, of Toronto, hit the child. West Berliners stand ot border between East and West Berlin Sunday and watch East German soldiers erect barbed wire barrier. (AP Wirephoto) Communists Close East Berlin Border BERLIN (AP) Clashes between angry demonstrators and police in East Berlin were reported Sunday after Communist East Germany threw up a hastily forged iron curtain to halt the flow of refugees and other East Germans to West Berlin. Castro Hails Pact To Return U.S. Airliner 45 ment has created a sort of state frontier through the middle of Berlin and erected "the wall of a concentration camp." He called the action illegal, inhumane, and "a declaration of bankruptcy of the Communist regime." Communist Action on Berlin Border 'Flagrant Violation Rusk Declares for the demonstrators with bayonets fixed.

A crowd of 5,000 West Berliners booed Soviet troops as they moved by bus and motor car through the Brandenburg Gate for the regular change of the honor guard at the Soviet war memorial, which lies just inside the British sector. Hundreds of police held them back. Angry youths banged their fists against the. bus and the officers' sedan that followed and shouted, "Swine!" An East Berliner grabbed a rifle from a Communist policeman at the border in Reinickendorf district, in the French sector, and fled to the West. The fleeing man stabbed himself in the knee with the bayonet, the pursuing policeman reclaimed his rifle and ran back to the East.

Soviet Army Involved Soviet army participation was reported by a British source at one point. This source said a Soviet troop unit set up barricades and barbed wire to cut off the Staarken railway station, on the edge of the British section, which has been ut-ed by many refugees from East Germany. Within the city itself, the only Soviet military activity visible was patrolling of the sector border by Soviet officers in two army cars. The 80,000 or so East Berliners who work in West Berlin and casual East German visitors, as well as the refugees, were targets of restrictions imposed by Walter Ulbricht's Communist regime. The commuters were ordered to get new jobs and it was announced that no East German will be allowed to go to West Berlin without a special permit.

The Communists promised not to interfere with traffic across the 110 miles of East German territory between West Berlin and West Germany and it seemed to be moving normally. But tension rose on both sides of the divided former capital, heretofore singularly calm in the crisis set off by Premier Khrushchev's declaration the Soviet Union intends to sign a peace treaty with East Germany by the year end in his move to make West Berlin a demilitarized free city. The West Berlin Morgenpost produced a one-sheet extra edition. In big black type it said Ulbricht "has finally made the Soviet into a concentration camp." Mayor Brandt used similar words, saying the Ulbricht govern HAVANA (AP) Fidel Castro's regime hailed Sunday the agreement to return a hijacked Eastern Air Lines Electra to the United States and called for the two countries to coordinate efforts to combat future acts of air or sea piracy. A Foreign Ministry communique said the agreement the first between the two countries since Washington severed relations with the pro-Communist Castro government last January "is a great step forward for repression of these acts of piracy that endanger the lives of Cuban and North American citizens." The communique also called for a continued exchange of opinions between the two governments aimed at establishing formal agreements for a reciprocal return of hijackers, exchanging hijacked ships and planes and for common antihijacking penalties.

Series of Notes The same proposals were advanced in the series of notes between the two governments which led to the agreement announced Saturday night in Washington. It calls for an American crew to go to Havana to fly out the plane Tuesday. A Cuban crew will retrieve a Cuban patrol boat from Key West, the same In announcing the agreement, the State Department brushed aside the Cuban proposals for common antihijacking measures and said the agreement is definitely not a swap. The exchange resulted from a series of notes through Swiss channels begun when the United State protested the hijacking of the Electra July 24. The $3.2 million four-engined plane was on a Miami to Tampa run when a guntoting passenger forced the pilot to fly it to Havana.

Castro released the 32 passengers and five cretmen but kept the plane. The 40-foot Cuban patrol worth $50,000, was sailed into Key West July 29 by three Cuban refugees. A Miami advertising firm, Harris and sought a court order for seizure and sale of the craft to be put against a judgment the firm has against the Castro government. Charles R. Ashman, a lawyer for the firm, said in Miami the suit will be dropped if the State Department requests it.

Castro Embarrassed The Cuban call for antihijacking agreements between Cuba and the United States bolsters reports the Castro regime is worried and embarrassed by the increased wave of hijacking. There has been no word as to the fate of Cadon or the Electra's hijacker, identified by the FBI as Wilfrede Roman Oquendo, 36, a naturalized American citizen of Cuban birth. LONDON (AP)- The British government Sunday night denounced the new Communist restrictions on refugee flights from East Berlin as illegal and said urgent consultations have been opened with other Western powers. A terse official statement by the Foreign Office said: "The restrictions which have been imposed on movement between East and West Berlin are contrary to the four-power status of Berlin and are therefore illegal "Her Majesty's government is urgently considering these developments with other allied governments." Western diplomatic sources said the East German move makes the' Berlin problem potentially more explosive but the situation could be worse. They noted that as yet there has been no Communist tampering with the access routes across 110 miles of East German territory.

London's initial reaction to the Communist -move could be summarized thus: Walter Ulbricht's East German Red regime can no longer hide the fact that it is in deep trouble. Food shortages and rising discontent among the population are combining to produce a situation parallel in some respects to the anti-Communist uprisings in East Germany in 1953. Risks Explosion By closing the West Berlin escape hatch, Ulbricht is facing the risk of an explosion inside his own country. Neither the East nor the West can take much comfort in the prospect that he might lose control of the situation. London diplomatic circles challenged the East German government claim that the clampdown was normal on the borders between sovereign states.

The Western powers do not recognize the sovereignty of Ulbricht's regime. One purpose of Ulbricht and So-viet Premier Khrushchev in the crisis over Berlin and Germany apparently is to pry such recognition out of Washington, London, Paris and Bonn, Western sources said. Kennedy Makes No Comment Yet On Berlin Crisis HYANNIS PORT, Mass. (API-President Kennedy got a detailed report Sunday on the tense Berlin situation but there was no public comment from the Cape Cod White House. Kennedy studied documents covering" the specific travel rules set down by the East German Communists in closing the border between East and West Berlin, an administration official reported.

Kennedy also was given a new text of the threatening speech made by Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev at a Soviet-Romanian friendship rally last week, the source said. Press secretary Pierre Salinger, asked for White House reaction to the closing, replied "We will have nothing to say, at least for today." The President is winding up his seventh straight weekend of work and rest at his big white summer home on the sound. He flies back to Washington Monday by helicopter and Air Force jet, and is to meet with Llewellyn Thompson, U.S. ambassador to the Soviet Union. Salinger, asked what will be discussed at that meeting, said Thompson "is on his way back to the Soviet Union and the President wants to get his views on the current situation." Washington authorities freely acknowledged that they can only guess at why Castro is freeing the plane.

But there are several reasons advanced as to why it is in his best interests to do so. The presence of the American airliner at Havana Airport has served to focus worldwide attention on Castro's general flouting of civilized international procedures, even though no evidence is available here that he engineered the hijacking. Furthermore, the Electra appears to be of little use to Castro. He doej not have proper facilities to start the turboprop plane and it is liable to seizure if flown outside Cuba. Eleven-year-old Mary d-mond, daughter of Mr.

and Mrs. Paul S. Redmond of 7 Lincoln Montpelier, was taken to Burlington's DeGoesbriand Memorial Hospital after being examined at Northfield's Mayo Memorial Hospital following the accident. A hospital spokesman reported the girl had a broken nose, broken leg and broken collarbone, many scrapes and bruises, and possibly a fractured skull. She was reported in "satisfactory" condition Sunday night.

Mary's brother, 3, was knocked Jown in the same accident, but escaped with bruises and scrapes. Another spectator, Charles O' Grady of 83 Granite Barre, was knocked unconscious and suffered a bruised chest and leg and a cut finger. After regaining consciousness, however, he was able to return to the track and drive his family home. Driver of the racing car, Howard Lacillade, 31, of Middlesex, reportedly threw down his helmet after the accident and declared he'd never race again. The accident occurred about 3 30 p.m.

Sunday during the sec ments, saw nothing more they could do about it. Their main concern is that the frustration of would-be refugees on finding themselves bottled up in East Berlin would explode into riotous protests that might precipitate severe military reprisal. Apparently Rusk concluded that issuance of the statement and other actions taken Sunday morning were all he could do for the time being. First comment from members of the Senate ran along three lines the move is a confession of weakness by the Communists; this is only one of many provocations that can be expected in coming weeks and months; the United States should be firm but calm and cautious in its reactions. "Having denied the collective right of self-determination to the peoples of East Germany," Rusk said, "Communist authorities are now denying the right of individuals to elect a world of free Latin-American Group Accepts PUNTA DEL ESTE, Uruguay (AP) With Cuba abstaining, the major committee of the hemispheric economic conference Sunday approved a U.S.

pledge to pump more than $1 billion in lightning aid into the continent's most threatened nations. The committee by a unanimous hand vote accepted President Kennedy's promise of emergency aid. The committee is drafting the Declaration of Punta del Este to put Kennedy's Alliance for Progress program into operation. The Washington pledge assures the Latin republics that the aid Thieves Get Eight Paintings By Cezanne AIX-EN-PROVENCE, France (AP) Thieves broke into the Pavillion Vendome early Sunday and stole eight paintings by Cezanne valued by officials at $2 million. The Pavillion had been exhibiting Cezanne's work in this town where he was born.

Officials said one of the stolen paintings was Cezanne's famous "Les Joueurs des Cartes" The Card Players which had been loaned to the exposition by the Louvre Museum. Like all such famed paintings, this one would be extremely difficult for the thieves to sell. Other paintings taken included the "Portrait de Marie Cezanne," depicting the artist's sister, "Un Pres d'Aix, Avec la Tour de Cesar" (Landscape Near Aix Showing Caesar's Tower), "Reflets sur l'Eau" 'Reflections on the Water), and "Les Cranes" (Cranes). BERLIN (AP) Clashes between angry demonstrators and police in East Berlin were reported Sunday after Communist East Germany threw up a hastily forged iron curtain to halt the flow of refugees and other East Germans to West Berlin. On the other side of the border, West Berlin police said crowds of West Germans in an ugly mood had gathered at almost all the 13 crossing points still left open by the Red guards.

At one of the main crossing points, Brandenburg Gate, a high West Berlin police officer said the situation was very tense. "It just needs a spark to set the crowd off," he said. "I hope nothing will happen." Western spokesmen denounced the Communist clampdown on the 25-mile border between East and West Berlin as a violation of Big Four agreements for control of this divided city 110 miles inside East Germany. West Berlin's Mayor Willy Brandt declared: "I do not want to anticipate any decisions (by the Western allies) but protests should no longer be enough. The real test for our people began today." Urges Boycott He called for a boycott in West Germany of all representatives of the East German Communists as a meaure of retaliation.

Barbed wire, tanks and hundreds of East German troops and police sealed the border before dawn in response, to a directive from the Warsaw Pact nations, led by the Soviet Union. The effectiveness of these steps to close the escape hatch was noted immediately at the Marien-felde reception center, which has been registering up to 3,000 refugees daily. A spokesman said only 25 or 30 made it across the border Sunday. Incidents in East Berlin Mayor Brandt told newsmen there were growing incidents in East Berlin a center of the East German workers revolt put down by the Soviet Union in 1953. Heavily armed Communist police went into action against a group of persons protesting the restrictions, he said.

There were demonstrations, too, in West Berlin. Infuriated West Berliners trampled down barbed wire put up in the night by Communists on a street in the French sector. West Berlin police said they moved in and drove back the mob after East German police started EAST GERMANY WASHINGTON (AP) Secretary of State Dean Rusk, backed by President Kennedy, Sunday denounced Red closing of the East Berlin border as a "flagrant violation" of Soviet agreements with the Western powers. The move is being vigorously protested, Rusk said, and he warned the Reds indirectly against tampering with the Allied position in West Berlin. In a statement issued with the approval of President Kennedy, Rusk described the flood of refugees which has been moving through East Berlin into West Berlin as evidence of "the failures of communism in East Germany." He said East Germany's Red leaders now are trying to overcome such failures "by the dangerous course of threats against the freedom and safety of West Berlin." The threats in turn have stimulated flights from the East, Rusk added.

Rusk worked at his desk in the State Department Sunday morning conferring with Asst. Secretary Foy D. Kohler, director of European affairs, and other advisers. Consultations Begun Press officer Joseph Reap told newsmen when he issued the Rusk statement that the United States already has started consultations with the British and French embassies here on the new flareup in the general East-West crisis over Berlin. Rusk announced that the Communist violation of East-West agreements respecting Berlin "will be the subject of vigorous protest through appropriate channels." Reap said the formal action will be taken by the Western commandants in Berlin in notes directed to the Soviet commander there.

And a direct protest to the Soviet government at Moscow is not being ruled out. U.S. leaders were watching the situation closely but for the moment, pending further develop 4 (it KM AN Highway Deaths to Dal Yttfr Ago, 50 Don't Bo Next Anderson told state police he saw the girl dimb a bank at the edge of Lake Champlain and start across the highway. "I saw her starting across, so I applied my brakes and swerved to try to avoid hitting her," Anderson said. "She was on a dead run, and didn't look to the left or right.

I'm sure she didn't even see the car." The impact tossed Carmella to the hood of the car, then she fell off upon the highway. Trooper Bernard Fitzsimons said the car swerved to the lawn of Mr. and Mrs. Martin Bruley, grandparents of the girl, and tore down the Bruley mailbox. Following Anderson, a car operated by James St.

Onge of Chateauguay, pulled off the highway to give aid. St. Onge said the girl's grandmother, Mrs. Flora Bruley, rushed out of the house and picked up the child. St.

Onge said he prevailed upon Mrs. Bruley to put the child down until a doctor could be summoned. Dr. Robert Pratt of Alburg was called and pronounced the child dead. Pratt told officers she suffered a broken neck, broken right arm and broken left leg.

The Rev. Leo Poirier of St. Amadeus Church, Alburg, administered the last rites of the Catholic Church. Mrs. Santor, the mother, an employe of an Alburg nursing home, was informed of the accident while at work.

With his family, Anderson was en route to Nova Scotia on vacation. (Obituary, Page 2.) $75,000 Damage in Fire At Twin State Fruit Co. WHITE RIVER JUNCTION Upwards of $75,000 damage was done Sunday night by a fire which destroyed the warehouse and garage of the Twin State Fruit Co. along with several pieces of rolling stock. Several nearby buildings were scorched.

The blaze was discovered about 6 p.m. by Edward A. Belisle, inspector for the Boston and Maine Railroad. The fruit company's plant is located on Railroad Road, a dead end street within sight of the fire station. Fire Chief Alfred Wright, who had a crew out fighting a forest fire off U.S.

5 south of town at 3:30 p.m., mustered a force of 28 men and three trucks to bring the fruit warehouse fire under control within 45 minutes. Estimate of the total damage was "very rough," Wright said, but in addition to the building and the stock it contained, a diesel tractor unit, two box tractors, a stake tractor and a and truck went up in flames. A privately owned auto and a box car used by a railroad main, tenance crew were also heavily damaged. Today's Quotes "The airport department is in as good financial shape as it has ever been in." Brig. Gen.

Richard B. Spear. Page 9. "The persecution complex developed by some Burlington school officials during the last few years grew a couple of sizes larger last week." Vic Maerki. Page 11.

"NS stands for nuclear ship; it could stand for 'no Philipp Lohman. Page 12. "The mayor hopes to be able to attend the City Council meeting. We hope to get at all the facts at that time." Alderman Clarence G. LeClair.

Page 9. "The boys really did a swell job and we got a Teal problem solved without much trouble." Harbormaster Ira Blow. Page 9. Off Today's Editorial Page LIFE INSURANCE PROVIDED MORE PRO-tection for more American families in 1960 than ever before, according to the Institute of Life Insurance. Some of the figures make interesting reading.

4 choice rather than a world of coercion. The pretense that communism desires only peaceful competition is exposed. The refugees, more than half of whom are less than 25 years of age have 'voted with their feet' on whether communism is the wave of the future." Aimed at Citizens Rusk noted that the measures taken so far are aimed at East Berlin and East German citizens and "not at the Allied position in West Berlin or access thereto." But even though the Western position in West Berlin is not directly challenged. Rusk declared, there are agreements among the Soviet Union, the United States, Britain and France which forbid the very actions which the Communists have now taken. "Limitation on travel within Berlin." Rusk said, "is a violation of the four-power status of Berlin and a flagrant violation of the right of free circulation throughout the city." Conference U.S.

Loan Plan will be rushed into the regions of direst need by March 1962 in an attempt to head off Communist and Castroite revolution. Cuba's Ernesto Guevara, an in-defatigible delegate in opposing the United States at the inter-American economic and social conference, failed to show up for the committee vote. This was the first major business he has missed. Guevara, who suffers from asthma, came down with a cold during the conference. He showed up at an afternoon session looking haggard and wearing a wool scarf over his shoulders.

There was no official explanation of his absence from the earlier meeting. But Cuba's delegation abstained when the emergency aid plank came up for a vote. No Votes Against The vote came in a session closed to newsmen. But a dele-gate said the vote was unanimous. He said Cuba and perhaps one or two other nations abstained but he added that no country voted against the pledge.

The declaration of Punta del Este will be signed in the closing ceremony of the conference this week. The $1 billion pledge is certain to be accepted by the conference in plenary session. It will be the forerunner of $20 billion earmarked for Latin development in the next decade. WJQTS ProgramSchcduU on Page 13 ran" JM Hijacked Plane Gave Castro Propaganda Trouble, Say Some Jrtl CD 1 1 WASHINGTON (AP) U.S. sources guessed Sunday that Cuban Prime Minister Fidel Castro is returning the hijacked Eastern Air Lines plane because it has brought him little more than propaganda headaches.

Congressional leaders generally applauded the agreement under which Castro will free the plane Tuesday and the United States will release a Cuban patrol boat hijacked to Florida, although some senators expressed reservations. Chairman J. William Fulbright, pf the Senate Foreign Re-lagions Committee said he was "very pleased" at the arrangement "This is the civilized way to handle it, not by going to war." EAST WfcV GSRMANY Shading marks border between closed Sunday East and West Berlin which to stop flood of refugees. East German Communist rulers (AP Wirephoto) 4 i mt in i i -1 i i i i i i.

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