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UNION AND EQUALfTY VOLUME XXVIV. INDIANA, IKDIANA i -it, ISTUMBEItSS. RATTLERS ON SLUE TOP. A Farmer who Catches Them and Keeps Them In Hollow Logs. THE MARINER'S BIRD.
The SusqueannaHirer rises in Central New York and, flowing southward, enters the north-western corner of Pennsylvania, near Great Bend, Susquehanna county, and taking a westerly course, follows closely the bound- line of the two States. Ranges of hills, rising almost to the dignity of mountains, skirt its banks on either side and present a rough, ragged, and roekv surface, so that cultivation is is almost out of the question: but wild and hilty and barren as it was in many parts, the pioneers of the country, iu- i tent on securing homes and farms and a living somewhere in that region, found here and there a valley and a running stream and a flat place where they could plant a house and clear up a few acres of land for farming. Among those streams is one named Snake Creek, which rising in a beautiful lake near meanders through a valley and finds its way into the Sus- quehanua about twelve miles from the lake in which it rises. This creek was so named by the early settlers because of the fact that, while bears and wolves and other ferocious beasts were very numerous in all that region snakes were conspicuously more numerous. One of the highest hills, whose head rises well up into the blue, was named Blue Top, because "of the large and luscious blue whortleberries were found on it in large quantities.
The large rattlesnake was found there, as lie is to-day, nearly as plentiful as the berries, and in the season of ripe berries he is exceedingly restive and hostile to all intruders. A few days since, as a large party was ascending the mountain, one of their number called attention to an object ahead of them stretched across the road. As they approached nearer it turned'out to be a monstrous rattlesnake sunning himself. The men got clubs and made an attack. For some time he fought, striking at them furiously and flashing his snaky eyes and darting his forked toward them, but he finally was killed.
It was ascertained that he had twenty-two rattles, and measured 6 feet 2 inches. On Snake Creek, a few miles above its mouth, an old mau of the name of Chalker lives all alone who is so familiar with the suakes that by common consent he is called Snake Chalker. His large farm lies along the creek, extending up either side to the very top of the hills. On one occasion, while passiug that waj', the writer hitched his horse at 'MS gate and went in to see him. Hanging up all around the old-fashioned lireulace I observed what appeared to be dressed eels, preparing for the table.
They were exceptionally large of their "kind, and I asked where he caught large eels. 1 said he. "Those are my rattlesnakes. 1 "And what are you going to do with them?" "Eat them. They are much finer than eels." Passing toward his back door, he said: out and see what I have in the yard." "You see these tubs, as I call in which I keep them.
These are hollow logs sawed off about ten feet long, burned out and made smooth inside, so the snakes can't get out. I place one end of the log, or tub, about five feet in the ground. I then put the snakes twenty or thirty in each tub, aud keep them, feeding them every day until I want to use them. Suakes, you know, come out of their dens on warm, pleasant da3'S and lie on the rocks to sun themselves. 1 a small stick with a shwrt crotch at one end.
I approach them tly, and placing the crotch on the snake's ueck hold it firmly clown until I put a stout pin through his lips. Then, twisting it about so he can't open bis moutii or bite, I fill my pockets, or a basket, and take tnem home and replenish my tubs. When I want a snake to eat or sell I slip a noose over his head aud bring him N. Y. Bun.
A SABINE LOVE STORY. Illustrating- the Effect of Gentle Force on Woman's Sweet Nature. Something: Abont £he Albatross and Sailor Jack's Superstitions Concerning It. In support of the universal dread of the albatross among seamen, Captain Jar'vls told the reporter" that once, in 1863, he sailed from Boston in the three- masted schooner Mary Lee, bound for Cevlon and Singapore. All went well until after the Cape of Good Hope had been passed.
Then three albatrosses appeared, about the ship and followed her. for four days and nights. On the morning of the fifth day the captain, who had become annoyed at the persistency of the birds and at the solemn looks of his crew shot one of the birds. It fell on deck and was thrown overboard. The remaining two seemed astonished at the flash and report of the gun and at the udden disappearance of their mate.
As soon as its dead body was thrown overboard they left the ship and seemed to remain quietly stationary in the air a few feet above the spot in the ocean where the dead bird had disappeared. The men did not say much, but I could see that they were uneasy, and I caught sight of some pretty black looks as I went among them. had trot sighted a sail in ten days, but about midnight, just as I was about to turn in, my second mate, whose name was Burr, came tumbling down the companion-way looking as if he had seen a ghost. For God's sake, sir, come on deck quick! I don't know what to make of I got on deck in a hurry. My first glance at the sails showed them all set, but not drawing.
There seemed uot a breath of wind, the night was as black as I ever saw it. -As they caught sight of me I heard a few of the crew make some decidedly unpleasant I'eniarks. 'Look sir. off to the south. It's a sign that this ship will never reach "I looked and what I saw was a bit strange, but easily explained, although there was a singularity about it.
I saw by the flashes of lightning a schooner almost our own size and build drifting along about a mile and a half away, while directly over the bow and stern were two albatrosses, slowly circling around aud around. At frequent intervals a phosphorescent light se.emed to be dancing about the rigging of the strange ship, giving it a peculiar appearance. "Then the hurricane broke, and we had all we could do to attend to our own ship. I never could learn what siiip it was which we had seen that night, nor do I know what ever became of her; but I do know that it was the worst hurricane I ever experienced, aud that it carried away our foremast and bowsprit. "We got into port five weeks later under jury mast, aud the very uight tne ship anchored the crew deserted- with two exceptions.
I got the schooner fixed up and hired a Dutch crew and completed the but I never again shot an that I am superstitious, but like to do so, that's all." But the sailor's superstition is not limited the albatross. There is a rather pretty sea-gull, found particular! iu Southern vvaters, known among Why the men as a Mother "Carey's chicken, Ill-luck -otherwise the stormy petrel, always witu the bird. According to sea lore, a name carries bad luck with it. Many a sailor has refused point-blank to sail on any cr.ilt bears the name of an ill- tated N. Y.
Journal. A GREAT CALCULATOR. Anecdotes of the famous Problem Solver. Here is a cute little story from the French of Catulle Mendes. Not a pretty -word, perhaps, but then she said it so prettily! She was a sweet little thing, and when she put her hands on her hips, lifted up her saucy little face, and, looking at you with half-shut eyes, emitted this provoking monosyllable, it flew as straight aud swiftly to its mark as any shaft iu Cupid's quiver.
And just because the little minx was perfectly conscious of the effect of her she uttered it on all public occasions. She said "Pshaw!" to everybody and without auy apparent reason, but there was one to whom she suid it more frequently than to anybody else, aud foi the very best of reasons. For he loved her and she pretended that she didn't love him, aud so for a long time "Pshaw!" was all the answer the poor fellow got to his prayers and protestations. "I love you." "Pshaw!" "I would give my life for a kiss from your lips." "Pshaw!" "I will blow my brains out if you refuse to listen to me." "Pshaw!" said she, bringing her laughing face still closer to his so that her tempting red lips fairly touched his beard. She wasn't a bit afraid of him, you -gee, but he, poor fellow, was slill a'lit- tle afraid of her, and she drove him almost crazy with her coquetiy.
At last he lost all patience, and coming upon her unexpectedly one evening he said never a word but took her in his arms and covered her face with kisses. She struggled and screamed like a captiured bird, and as uselessly, for the victorious lover paid" no attention to her remonstrances, but kissed her hair, brow, cheeks and lips with the concentrated passion of months of desire. And as he grew drawing heron his her white throat and clasped her yet more passionately, she became alarmed. She gave up struggling and Jiad recourse to tears and entreaties. "Let me go.
oh! Please let me go!" "Pshaw!" said He didn't say it as prettily as she did, and hetUdn't have such a saucy little face, but then a good deal stronger, Well, when he did release her there were tears some reprcaehful glances, and Ihen a sweet litt?" of forgiveness, without least compulsion. SJie neyersaid 'Pshaw!" to him when she had on her best frock and to keep tier liair in order, and they are to be married next week, I LOVED AMD LOST. Alexander H. Stephens Died a Bachelor. I There was always much speculation during the life of Alexander H.
Stephens why he never married, nor did this speculation cease, after be had gone to the grave a celibate. Johnson Browne's "Life Alexander H. Stephens" gives one version, and the News, upon the authority of the. lad j-- iuterested, gives another version, but as to which is the best founded, or whether there is some foundation for both versions, the reader tuust draw his own conclusions. Life of Alexander H.
Stephens," alluded to.says that when was a teacher at Madison, Morgan county, in the fall of 1882, -lie lost his heart. It says: "One little episode not noted here, or even stated by him until nearly forty years after this occurrence, we may briefly advert to. One of the pupils at this, school was. a young girl, lovely both'in person and character, from whom- the young teacher learned more than is to be found in the whom he jto love a depth of affection all the greater that it was condemned to hopelessness and silence. The poor student, with no of worldly advancement, the" looked forward to an early death, must not think of op-t speak of love.
And he never spoke 'of "ft to her nor to any until a generation ha'd passed, and" then to but one friend." The other of Mr- Stephens' earlv love is located in iSavannah, which he visited in thifatt. of 1834, and the authority of the story is Mrs. Caroline Begin a "Maria Smith, a lineal descendant of Lord Richard Percival Bland. Mrs. Smith says when Mr.
Stephens was in inet herself, then the wife of Edward. Thomas Courtenay, her unmarried sister, Belle, and their father, and after the meeting Mr. Stephens asked permission to pay his addresses to Mr. Bland's daughter. Mr.
Bland, on his return home, related to his daughter Belle what Mr. Stephens had said, aud she pettishly said that she would not receive Mr. Stephens for a suitor, whereupon Mr. Courtenay spoke up and said: "I think my wife is the younger looking and the most handsome, and I would not be surprised if Mr. Stephens fell in love with my wife, instead of you, Belle." The.
father of the ladies, patting his married daughter on the shoulder in an affectionate way, said: "I would "riot be surprised if Courtenay is right; I shall see Mr. Stephens and bring him around to tea this evening, and then we will find out." Later in the afternoon Mr. Bland met Mr. Stephens in the office of Mr. McLaws, and asked him which o'f the ladies he referred, and Mr.
Stephens described the personal appearance of Mrs. Courtenay, and-'remarked that she was the only lady he had ever met and loved at first sight; to which confession Mr. P-land made reply that the lady in question had bee.n Mr. care if she had been married; that he desired to renew his request to pay his addresses to her, and then Mr. Bland said: "My daughter's husband is living, and you see how Vain" your request is." A shade of face of Mr.
Stephens, and the invitation to tea was Savannah (Ga.) News. The Scarecrow. was a regular scarecrow man, Made on the old and well-known A cross of sticks in a-garb stood on guard in that field of corn. And, indeed, it made the old farmer smile put it up, and whistled the while; It would look to the. crows so very ferocious, So truly astounding- and atrocious," That it tickled his fancy to think how they Would catch a glimpse and flutter away.
Well, two black crows sat on a tree, And the yonngrcrow said to-the old one: "See! Now, what is that frightful thing out there? It's enough any honest crow to scare!" But the old crow chuckled and then looked' wise. Shook in his feathers and winked his eyes: Something tickled him, but if 'twas a joke His voice didn't show it a bit when'-he spoke, As, looking down at the younger He said: "What is it? Ah! don't you know? "Why, that, wise ones all 'suppose. Is the special patron saint of the crows We watch for his coming every year To tell when the feast of the corn is here. See how he stands with i.Is arms stretched out! He is calling the crows from all about! Such a kind invitation is most So very cordial'and reassuring! I think we liad better you?" down to the field of corn they flew. WideAwaio.
TOLSTOI AND THE BEAR. How the Celebrated Novelist's Presence Jttind Saved I.ife.. Among the guests at Kenyon's table whose personality struck me the most were Walter Savage Landor and Babbage. The latter was a very interesting though an egotistical talker, but few had so good a self to talk about. To my regret he no longer gave those "Saturday evenings" which had been so fashionable a few years before.
One of three qualifications were necessary for those who sought to be intellect, beauty or one of these you might be as rich as Croesus and yet "be told you cannot enter here. I remember his telling me that as long ago as 1839 he had foretold that steamers would go to America in seven days. His calculating machine was an endless subject of monologue. It is a curious fact that I once learned, not many years ago, from an old man who- had been a boy at the same class with him at Dartmouth, that "Babbage was the stupidest boy in the whole school in arithmetic." I asked him if he remembered anything remarkable about the great calculator in his boyhood. "No, used to call him 'Barley Cabbage, 1 and he didn't like it." Babbage was very fond of talking of Byron's daughter, to him she was always "Ada," for he had carried her in his arms as a child, and he was.
her friend and counsellor when she was Lady Lovelace. Kenyon had met her at Fyne Court, where she was a frequent guest, being intensely interested in Mr. Crosse's electrical experiments. Kenyon acknowledged Lady Lovelace to be a woman of remarkable intellect, but she was too mathematical for his taste. family are an alternate stratification of poetry and mathematics," Lady Lovelace used to say.
Babbage thought that if he was blind he could write poetry; "and I should take for my subject the description of an intellectual inferno," he said. It was difficult to associate poetry in any form with was so eminently practical. He told me that he neve'r allowed himself to lose any time. "Before setting out for a walk in the London streets or a drive in an omnibus I give myself certain problems to think out." He even calculated the effect of imagination in self-delusion. He found himself away from iiome without his night-cap; he felt certain of catching cold, when happily he bethought himself of a piece of string round his head as a make-believe night-cap.
It was quite successful, and he slepfwith- out feeling chilly. Babbage said he had told his story to Bogers, who capped it. (Kenyon shook his head at the pun, for he affected to despise them.) Bogers declared he had caught, a cold through a trick of his imagination; he thought he had been sitting with an open window behind him at a luncheon party at Lady Cork's in New Burlington street, and was, in consequence, seized with a violent fit of sneezing aud all the sensations of catarrh, but he discovered that the window was of plate glass and perfectly Temple Bar. has agreed to. sell.
to-, the Italian government the island of Caprera the house rif tJaribaidi being reserved." charge aud sought fulness. The situation The-English Railroad: Greed of a Big House. There was a story in, the, newspapers the other day about a Massachusetts minister who resigned his. charge because some one had given" liis parish a line house and his parishioners wanted him to live in it. His salary was too small, he said, to admit of his living in a big house, and he would not do it.
He was even deaf to the proposal that he should share the proposed tenement with the sewing societies and clubs of his church, aud when the" tnatter came to a serious issue, he relinquished his a new field of usewas: an amusing instance of the enfbarrassment of riches. Let no one to whom restricted quarters may have grown irksome, and who covets larger dimensions of shelter, be too hasty in deciding that the minister was wrong. Did you ever see the house that Hawthorne lived in at Lenox? Did you ever" see Emerson's house at Concord? They are good houses for Americans to know and remember. They permitted thought. A big house is one of the greediest cormorants which can light upon a little income.
Backs may go threadbare and stomachs may worry along on indifferent fillings, but a house will have things, though its occupants go without. It is rarely complete, and constantly tempts the imagination to flights in brick and dreamsln lath and plaster. It develops annual thirsts for paint and wall paper; the plumbing in it must be kept in order on pain of death. Whatever price is put on coal it has to be heated and if it is rural or suburban, the grass about it must be cut even though funerals in the family have to be put off for the mowing. If the tenants are not rich enough to hire people to keep their house clean they must do it themselves, for there is no excuse that will pass among housekeepers for a dirty house.
The master of a house too big for him may expect to spend the leisure which might be made intellectually or spiritually profitable in acquiring and putting into practice fag ends of the arts of the plumber, the bell-hanger, the locksmith, the gasfitter and the carpenter. Presently lie know how to do everything that can be done iu the house except enjoyhimself. He will learn about taxes, too, and water rates, and how such abominations as sewers or new pavements are always liable to accrue at his expense. As for the mistress, she will be to carpets and curtains, wall paper, painters, and women who come in by the day to clean. She will be lucky if she gets a chance say her prayers, and thrice and four times happy when she can read a book or visit.with her friends.
To live in a big house may be a luxury, provided that one has a full set of money and an enthusiastic housekeeper 4n one's family, but to scrimp in a big is a miserable business. Yet such is human folly, that for a man to refuse -to live in a house because it ia too big for him is such an exceptional exhibition of sense that it becomes the favorite paragraph of a day in the Point of View" in Scribner's An incident is related about the celebrated writer, Count Tolstoi, which nearly cost him his life. He went out on a bear hunt with some of his friends, and, after selecting a spot which commanded a good view of the surrounding grounds, some of the more experienced hunters suggested that the snow had better be trampled down so that it would be easier for them to move about and get out of bruin's way and have time enough to take a shot at him if he should come upon them The count, however, although up to his waist in the snow, objected to this and said that it was entirely since the whole thing of shooting the bear and not: wrestling with him. They did not have to wait long, for the bear, which had just risen from its lair, was walking along to out of the way of the hunters when it suddenly stepped out into the open, space directly in front of Tolstoi. He coolly took aim and fired, but the ball, for some reason or other went wide of its mark.
Taking aim again he tired, this time hitting the bear in the head, and the bullet "lodged in the lower jaw and of course only made a very irritating wound, which made the bear so savage that, taking a few jumps, he was upon Tolstoi before he was able to realize it. Just as the bear came close enough to him he dropped down, and of course the bear went right over 'his body. Tolstoi's whole body sunk into the deep and, the only part that remained exposed wan his head, which the bear tackled as soon as he had recovered from his "surprise in seeing Tolstoi disappear so suddenly. Tolstoi did his, best down as low as possible, and elevated his fur cap for the to bite. Twice the savage animal snapped ii, and disGiov vmade- 'a bite deeper down, this time taking a piece of flesh from the count's right cheek.
Just at this moment his comrades returned, and by their loud yells succeeded in driving away the bear, who very slowly turned his back upon the hunters and. walked into the woods, master of the situation. The Wrecking Train. IThose Americans who go abroad to discover ihe shortcomings-of Europe to exaggerate their with everything American are always happiest when they are deserib- infe an English, French or German nfjlroad. They are half wrong, as bigots "usually are; then, again, thjey are half right, ihe truest com- pjjtjison and statement of the concei'nihg English and Ameri- railrohds is that if tjiey had our we had their roads, both tries would enjoy railroading in flection.
order to present the cpmpletest ure to the American reader, let I or her imagine a summer horse- w'ith the side? boarded of we New Yorkers ride avenue in, -vvith cross seats jng one another in pairs. Let him the back of every alternate to the ceiling. That nld divide 'the car into three or four es. Then put a window- at each of each" seat, and dojof at eacli The windows 1be- tight and but must be a sliding window in door, to hoist up and down by ns of a broad leather strap, worn and soft by handling. Now Third Class" on the boxes that the wheels at-either end of and paint "First Class" on the between the wheels in the mid- the car.
Cushion the first-class and pad their backs as high'as head; then carpet the third-class and nail carpet on their backs, tantl you have turned an open horse-car an English railway carriage. a narrow board on each side horse-car for to that is there also on car; but the English rail- irttrid car is boarded up at either end, the American horse-car is A. Modern Instance. "What painter Bubeni was!" remarked art gallery. "Yes," assented Cora; "itissai'd of him that lie could change a laughing face into a sad one by a single stroke." spoke uplittle Johnnie in dist, "my school-teacher can do 11 will happen occasionally 6h the managed railroads, and sometimes bad wrecks Happen, the cause of which frequently is a mystery, and the tracks are blocked for hours.
For every minute the track remains blocked money and time are lost, and passenger and freight traffic is interrupted. the railroads are always prepared, and within thirty minutes after a wreck has happened a wrecking train is on the way with a trained crevv'of men, aud if the telegram announcing the wreck says that passengers or employes are injured the wrecking train comes along with its physicians, bandages, and cots. A wrecking outfit is about the homeliest thing owned by a railroad company, but when they are needed they are needed badly. The wrecking cars are kept at the end of a division, and are directly under the control of the superintendent of that division. The wrecking train is composed of three cars and a powerful locomotive, and all the 6ars are fitted with air brakes.
The first car is what is knywn as the truck car. The: body of the car is very low, and upon it are carried two extra pr'rs of trucks, rails, crossties. spikes, for sometimes the track is torn up in a wreck. The second car is the wrecking car. It is buiit of the heaviest timber, and is mounted on two pairs of small heavy trucks.
Half of the car is covered over and the other half is a mere platform, but arising from the center is a powerful derrick with a 28-foot boom. With this powerful contrivance trucks, cars, and locomotives are swung about. In one end of the car are two containing the food for the crew. The locker is always well filled, for there is no telling when the wrecking train may be called into service. The other closet or locker contains medicines, bandages, and a portable telegraph outfit, with several coils of wire.
If the wreck is a bad one the instrument is brought into use. An operato; is picked up at the first station aS the road, and when the scene the accident is reached tne wires are set and a telegraph office is established. The car carries rope of every size and kind up to thsee inches in diameter, hydraulic jacks for raising engines and levers, pul- 163-3, and derrick tackle of all kinds. On the- Louisville aad Nashville first division wrecking cars there are carried 300 feet of manila three-inch rope for putting engines on the track, 300 feet of two-inch full line for pulling purposes, 275 feet 1 3-4 inch rope for the derrick, two sixty-foot sections of three-inch switch rope for pulling on cars. 240 feet 2 1-2 inch rope for the same purpose, and 230 feet of three- inch rope.for putting on trucks, and 500 feet for guy lines.
The next car is the "block car," containing short blocks of wood of every size for blocking: up cars and locomotives. At every wreck cars are general Iv tumbled about in confusion, and the wrecking crew begin on these. The shattered ones are" pushed off the track and thbsa left in a little, better condition are put on the track and drawn 'away. After this is done there is one or more disabled The heavy cables on the wrecking car are attached to the disabled locomotive, and a live one at the other end of the rope generally by. hard work pulls the dis- "Now let tfid American think of all the comforts aud conveniences there cur railroad toilet istalid, the closet, the heating apparatus, the drinking water cylinder.
NoVone of these is in an English railroad one. those things are at the station, not in the cars- In the English cars there is an ineffectual and timid light, half concealed above a convex glass in the roof of each compartment, aud there is a rack over each seat. This is the fact whether you ride tirst-class or third-class. In some of the cars there is a map of the railroad over one bench, and an advertisement of the railroad's hotels facing ii, in each Compartment, The map strikes me as a most excellent idea. There is also posted in-each compartment a statement of the number of persons it is designed to accommodate.
"This compartment is for ten persons," was always posted in the third-class and second-class compartments; in the first-class ones the seats are divided by padded arms to accommodate three Persians each, or six to the compart- jg Even on shipboard on your way to Europe yon in the iron door aboard the vesseTTa stafenitjffifTrPthe number of sailors or passengers or stewards or stokers that'may inhabit each Julian in Harper's Weekly. How House Like many other insects, house flies are subject to the attacks of a parasitic fungus which destroys great numbers of them, especially toward the end of autumn. We sometimes see the corpses of such that have met this fate glued to the -window panes in the attitude of life, with legs widely spread and wings raised as if in preparation for flight but with a white halo on the glass all round them, and with bodies pale, unhealthy-looking, and distended. The spores of the fungus, which are excessively minute and are present" in the air, are carried against the fly's body, and such as strike its under surface may become adherent, when eachsoore sends out a long tubular projection, which penetrates the skin and enters the; body. here, its doom ta certain, says for it meets with suitable nourishment in the shape of the fluids of the fly's body, by aid of which it will speedily propagate itself until its victim, drained of its life succumbs.
The threadlike tube iirst produces a series of detached, rounded bodies, something like the cells of the yeast plant. These cells, which have an indefinite power of self- multiplication, are carried by the blood to all parts of the body, and thua the disease spreads. They, in their turn give rise to a number oir branching liibular threads, similar to those of the earlier stage, which in the of time penetrate the skin. Each thread, which thus makes its appearance outside, gives rise, to a sort" of head, which contains spores.like those with which the series started. These are cast off with considerable force and multitudes of themno doubt perish, while others are ultimately wafted against the bodies of other flies to deal destruction among them as among their predecessors.
The particular species 6f fungus which makes havoc with the house fly is called empusa muscsa, and is one of a -group which are distinguished by their habit of subsisting upon living insects. The maturation of the fungus. involves the death of the fly, the fluids of whose body serve for, the parasite Under its attack fly becomes gradually feebler and finally quite unable to move, and then the viscid secretion from the pads on the feet hardens anil glues the insect to the surface to which it is clinging, while the fungus spreads round it arid leaves some of its spores adhering so as to form the 'halo above described. He Told the Truth. Interesting Oceanic Studies.
The sea occupies three-fourths of the surface of earth. At the depth of about feet waves are felt. The temperature is- the same, varying only a trifle from the ice of the pole to the burning sun of the equator. A mile down the water lias a pressure of over a ton to the square inch. If a box feet deep were tilled, with sea water and allowed to evaporate under the suft there would be two inches of salt left on the bottom.
Taking the average depth of the ocean to be three miles, there would be a layer of pure salt 230 feet thick on the bed of the Atlantic. The water is colder at the bottom than at Jhe surface. In the i many bays, on the coast of Norway the water often freezes at the bottom before it does above. Waves are very deceptive. To look at them in a stOTm one would think the water traveled.
The water stays in place, but the motion goes on. Sometimes in storms these waves are high, and travel fifty miles an than 1 twice- as fast as the swiftest steamship. The distance from valley to valley is generally fifteen times the height, hence a wave five feet high will extend over seventy-five feet of water. The force of the sea dashing on Bell Rock is said to be seventeen tons for each square yard. Evaporation is power in -drawing water from the sea.
Every year a layer of the entire sea fourteen feet thick, is taken up into the clouds. The winds bear their burdeu into the land, and the water comes down in rain upon the field to flow back at last though rivers. The depth of the sea presents an in- problem. If the Atlantic were lowered from 6,564 feet, the dis- from shore to shore would be lalf as great, or 1,500 miles. If low- red a.little more than three miles, say 19,680 feet, there would be a road of dry land from Newfoundland to Ire- and.
This is the plan on which the Atlantic cables were laid. The Mediterranean is comparatively" shal- ow. A drying up of 660 feet would leave three different seas, and Africa would be joined with Italy. The British Channel is more like a pond, which accounts for its choppy waves, has been found difficult to get the correct soundings of the Atlantic. A midshipman of the navy overcame the difficulty, and shot weighing thirty pounds carries clown the line.
A hole is bored through the sinker, through which a rod of iron is passed, moving easy back and forth. In the end of the bar a cup is dug out, and the inside coated with lard. The bar is made fast to the line, and a holds the shot on. When a bar, which extends below the ball, touches the earth the sling unhooks, and the shot sides off. The lard in the end of the bar holds some of the sand, or whatever may "be on the bottom, and a drop' shuts over the cup to keep the water from washing )' sand out.
When the ground is rear a shock is felt, as if au electric curi. iit had passed through the Ocean. abled locomotive When the, track is picks up air and -conies" back i Journal. At the conclusion of a festival las summer, an excellent desirous of administering a trifling moral lesson, inquired; of the" boys if they-enjoyed tiie With'the ingenuous modesty of youthi they all responded. "Y'es, sir." "Then," asked the excel- len you had slipped intp my and picked those without niy leave, would they have tasted as good -Every small boy in-that and sticky company shrieked, "No; sir!" "Why not?" little the cbeerfu 1 conscious virtue, ''then we shouldn't have had sugar and cream Fortunes in Frogs.
"About twe.nty-five years ago," said an old attendant in the big Washington market to a Boston Globe reporter, 'several men made fortunes at 'catching frogs aud sending them to market. The hind legs were cut off. skinned, washed, and, after being mildly salted, wei-e sent away in barrels. Prices used to range from 50 to 75 cents for a dozen pairs of legs, and, as sales were quick, there was a pile of money in the occupation. Old fellow, a blacksmith by the name of Weld, down in Greenbush, supplied all of New England for years.
He lived by the side of very extensive swamps that were filled with wigglers and cattails. The former furnished food for the frogs, while the latter gave them shade. I have seen bullfrogs legs that were nearly us big as the legs of a chicken, "Old man Weld vised to hire boys to kill the frogs for him. giving" them 5 6 cents a dozen. The frogs were so plenty that many of the children earned good wages, even at that small price.
Weld dressed the frogs, corned them and shipped them to Boston iu barrels, like herrings. He kept up'the business for years, and, though he slew hundreds of thousands every year, the supply did not diminish at all. and by the prices went way down and as the old man had cleared about $100,000 out of the scheme, he retired, built himself a flue mansion and lived at his ease. He is the only man I know of who got rich by catching frogs, but I have heard of several others." IS PUBLISHED EVERT THURSDAY BT FRANKLIN SANSOM, Editor and Publisher Charch near B.B., Indiana, Pa. TEBMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
a year strictly In advance. ADVERTISING RATES. Administrators' Executors' Auditors' art Dissolution Notices, $3 each. AU other legal advertisers, $2 60 per inch; figure and work 25 per cent, additional. Estrav and Caution $2.00.
NEWSPAPER DECISIONS. 1. Any person who tafees a paper regularly from the post -directed to his name or whether hassubacribcIA or for the payment. -c 2. If a person orders hia discontinued he -must pay all arrearages, or the publisher may continue to send until payment is and collect the whole amount, whether the per'is taken fronrthe'offlce'or not.
3. The Courts have decided take newspapers and periodicals-f rom the post office, orremoving.and leaving them uncalled or.is priir a facia evidenceof intentional fraud. Our Advertising Agents. SEW YOKE. G.
P. Bowell lo Spruce street. 21 and 23 Park Place. J. 41 Park Bow.
PHILADELPHIA. N. W. Ayer Cor. 8th and Chestnut.
Pratt Cor. 9th ana Arch Streets. PJITSBUBSH. B. Bemingtou.
CHICAGO. Thomas, 9 and lOMcCormlcfc Blcck Church street Bev. David Hall, pastor services every Sabbath at 11 o'clock A.M. at TA P.M. UNITED PRESYTERIAN Church Be v.
J. Day Brownlee, pastor services every Sabbath at 11 A.M. and 7 P.M. METHODIST Church street; Knox pastor; services every Sunday at 11 A.M. and 7i4 M.
Oak street Bev. Father Toner, pastor; services every day, 8 A.M.; every Sunday at 8 and 1O.15 and 3 P.M. EVANGELICAL LUTHEB Sixth street Bev. Lewis Hay, pastor senrieas Sunday at 11 A.M. and 7.30 JM.
ST. JOHN'S EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN Church Water street Sunday services at 10K A.M...Gefmah 7:30 P.M. English. BAPTIST Church Bev.D. W.
Swigart, Pastor. Services every other alternate Lord's day at 11 o'clock A. Sabbath School at 2 p. CHBIST Unsupplied Children's Church every Sunday at 2.3O P.M. Indiana Lodge, No- 313, F.
A.M., meets second Tuesday of each month. Palladium Lodge, No. 346, I.O.O.F., meets every Monday-evening. Indiana Lodge, No. 21, A.O.U.
meets every Friday evening. Clymer Lodge, No. 28, K. of meets every second Tuesday. National Christian Temperance Union meets every Tuesday at 7 o'clock P.M.
Wm. Penn Council, Boyal Arcanum, No. 305," meets every second Thursday evening. Council 26O, Jr. O.
IT. A. meets every Tuesday evening in Cunningham Hall. Indiana Conclave No. meets- flrst-andr tlnrd Friday evenings of each month in Cunningham's Hall, 7 pi m.
Cmmtg Capt. S. A. Craig Capt. H.
K. Sloan. President Harry White. D. C.
Mack. John A. Scott. Begisterand James McGregor. D.
A. Lukehart. S. C. Kennedy, J.M.
Mar shall and W. H.Shields D. H. Toinb, Jos. Holsopple, and J.
Clark Weamer. N. Frank Ehrenf eld. E.E. Allen, W- L.
Beed. Jf. A'lTOBNEY AT LAW, Office with J. N. Banks, Indiana.
Pa. EO. W. HOOD, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Office on Philadelphia street, Indiana, Pa. A.
C. BUFFJfEK, ATTOBN.fe.Y AT LAW. Oirice out Ph iladelphia street, Indiana, Pa. T. AT1OBNEY AT LAW.
Ottice with Hon. A. W. Taylor, Indiana, Pa. EECH ATTOBJN AT LAW.
Booms in Porter's Building, Inaiana, Pa. menage or Unrestricted Immigration back track, clear, the wrecking- the iron and trucks to town! lown of (iilroy, Calywhich in tiis heart of country, (has added ouly twelve to its population An ten" Meantime the tide shows no signs of ebbing. Though fluctuating at intervals, it steadily gathers volume Avith each successive decade. If it continues to rise, what must be the lot of the laboring classes, whose welfare is such an object of concern? Alas, for the mischief that has already been wrought! Dark enough at best appears the future of the American working-women, many -of whom in large cities are already obliged it seems, to work for wages that barely suffice to keep body and soul We look upon slavery as thing of the but does not unrestricted foreign immigration mean virtual slavery tothousands of our countrymen and countrywomen? As for the intelligence of this swarm: of do they average higher -thanour own? It might perhaps be sipme compensation if we could think so. But -just: at present it is difficult to take a sanguine view.
'To be able to do so far from flattering to our- selfcesteem. The proportion-pf. the undesirable element is too great. So large; an, infusion of contract and pauper labor is not likely to raise our standard of intelligence and The Arena. A Jjuolcy 7-Year-Old Boy.
The Archduchess Valerie Qf Austria has constituted 'herself the 'good genius of a boy of who is already a musician of great promise. The Archdnch- ess-has promised to defray the cost of child's musical he, to show his composed serenade for the forthcoming marriage iof his "patroness. is Spielmann, waso-yeai-s old w.iien.the first heard him play and fs looked upo.n Arch- made it a condition that he was not to appear publfcly until be grown up. merchant.recently; tinpple says that of attar of rosfes were bottled in Turkey last rears. This is because'the.
land is held duct to which is said in many shrewd r- cases: to'have beeo- i hi ted AMUEL CUNSUBiGHAM, ATTOKNEY AT LAW. Office on Philadelphia street, Indiana, Pa. ATTORNEY AT LAW, INDIANA, PA. Office in Law Library, Court House. ATTOBNEY AT LAW.
Office at his residence on South Sixth street, Indiana, Pa. B. BOTEB8. ATTOBNEY AT LAW ANDNOTABY PUBLIC. Office on Main street, Blairsville, Pa.
OHJS H. HILL, ATTOBNEY AT LAW, Office with Wm. M. Stewart, Bank building, Philadelphia street, Indiana, Pa. RANK KEENER, AXTOKNEY AT LAW- Office with Watson Telfoi d.
All business entrusted lo him will be promptly and care fully executed. M. C.WATSON, S. J.TELTORD. UTTATSOai TELFORB, ATTOKEYS AT LAW.
Jffice ormely occupied by Gen. Harry Philadelphia Indiara, Pa. T. CUJJE, ATTORNEY AT LAW, SALTSBTTRG, PA. Office ou Salt street south of point Collections promptly attended to.
COULTER J.T. BKLL. ieGlJSS BELL, AT LAW. Office on Philadelphia street, near corner of 7th street, Indiana, Pa. ANNIBAL K.
SLOAS, ATTOBNEY AT LAW, Jfflce on Clymer two doors south, of Public Buildings, Indiana, Pa. JH. TOAB, ATTOENEY-AT-LAW. INDIANA COUNTY DEPOSIT BANK, INDIANA, PA. Capital $100,000.00 Full Paid.
Deposits received, subject to check at sight and interest allowed on time deposits. Money oaned; collections made. Governments and ether securities bought and sold. A genera banking business transacted on liberal terms JAMES M. WATT, WM.
M. STEW A BT, Cashier. TOM. E. HILDEBBAND, Ass't Cashier.
DIBECTOBS. W. M. STEWART, HARRY WHITE, DR. EGBERT MCCHBSNY, SIMEON TRTJBT, DR.
J. K. THOMPSOX. SUMMERS it. JACK- DAVID BLAIR TAYLOR.
ACK TAYLOR. ATTOBNEY AT LAW, INDIANA, PA. Collections made, estates settled, civil and criminal bvsiness attended to. W. B.
PATTISON, President. Juo. B. TAYLOR, Cashier. FRED.
WETTLISG, Teller. FARMER'S BANK OF INDIANA, PA. ONB DOOR WEST oy COURT HOUSE. Capital $100,000 General Banking Exchange DEPOSITS EECETVED. Money Loaned and Collections made.
Bonds, Drafts and other securities bought and sold. DIEECTOBS. Jas. A. MeKnight, J.
N. Banks, R. A. Johnston, Wm. Pattison, Bowe Bohert Mitchell.
Israel Thomas. TSDIANA BRAJNVB RAILROAD. MAY 11. 1890. EASTERN STANDARD TIME.
Leave Indian a at 8.3O and 9.1O a.m. and p.m Arrive at Indiana at 8.5O and 11.25 a.m. and 7.3O p.m. SOUTHWARD. Train No.
8O leaving Indiana at 6.3O a.iB.; leaves Two-Lick, 6.42; Homer, Black 7.2O,arr'gatB've Inter section at 7-3O. Beturning 7-43 and connecting with West Express leaving at 8.0O a. which in turn with Allegheny Valley E.B. to the Oil regions and with Butler Branch, arriving at- Batter lo.3Oa.rn., at Allegheny city 1O.35 ajn. Trains connect at Butler with Parker Karns City and Karns City Butler B.B., and Saenango Allegheny B.K., and at Butler and at Pine Creek with Pittsburgh 6 Western B.B.
Train No. SO leaving Indiana at 6.3O a.n». connects at Blairsviile Intersection with Johnstown Ace. West, at 7.43 a.m.. arriving at Pittsburgh at 10.20 a.m., or by Uniontown Express, (changing it Greensburg) at 9.42 a.m.
At Greensburg at 9.42 with train for ConnellavUla arriving at Uniontown, -at 11.32 a m. Going east, with Day Ex. at 9.35 and Mail at 7.35 Train No. 82 leaves Indiana a.m Two Lick Homfr, 9 Blacklick Blairsviile 9:58, arriving at Blairsviile Intersection at This train connects with Mail west on West Peun, at Blairsviile at 11 and Pacific Express west on Main Line at 10.24a.m. Train No.
84 leaving Indiana at 4.5O p.m. leaves Homer, 5.O6; Black Lick, 5.24 Blairs" ville 5.40. arr'g at B've Intersection at 5.48 m.connecting at blairsville with Blairsviile Accommodation, leaving at 7.0O p. m. for all points alongWest Penn to Butler Junction and wirh trains on A.
V.B. for Oil region and Pittsburgh. Nq.84 train connects at Intersection with East ai 6.28, and Johnstown Accommodation East at 6.13. Going West with Mail at 6.JO, arrivine at Pittsburg at 8.2O p.m. Passengers tor points west of Greensburg must change at that point and take Greensburg ACC.
to det tination. NOBTHWABD Train No. 81 leaves Blairsville Intersection Blairsville Blacklicx 8:15 Homer Twolick :36, aaiiving at India na at 8:50. Train No. 83 leaving B've Interseet'n at lO.25a.m.
leaves BlackLiefc, 1O.5O; Homer, 11.O7; Two l.ll,arr'g at Indiana, 11.25 a.m. Connecting with Westem Ex. at Johnstown and Pacific Exp. from the East; and Day Exp. and Mail from the West, at B've and West.
Penn Mail from Allegheny City, at Blairsviile. Train No. 87 leaving B've Int. at 6.3O leaves Blairsyille, 6.4O; 7.12; Two Lick, 7.16, arrives at Indiana ai 7.30 bjn. Connecting with Philadelphia Eip.
and Johnstown Ace. from west; and Mail Exp. from East. At Blairsville with Express from Allegheny City, arriving at Blairsville at 6.00 p.m. CONNECTIONS.
Trains connecting with Indiana Branch Pittsburgh as follows: Mail, 6.3O, and Day Exp. 8.0O a.m.; Johstown Ace.3.4O, and Phila Exp. 4.3O p.m. Trains leave Allegheny City for Indiana(via West. Penn.
BJtt.) Mail at 6.45 a. m. and Kxp 3.15 p.m., and Blairsville Accommodation atlO.4O. Through passengers for Indiana Branch, depart from Phila. on Mail Western Exp.
at 9.2O p.m., (leaves New York at 6-3O p.m.). and Pacific Exp. at 11.25 p.m. (leaves New York at 8.OO p.m.) J. B.
HUTCHINSON, BOBT. E. PETTIT, Superintendent. Gen'l. Superintendent.
Offices in rooms formerly occupied by S. Porter, 712 PhiPa street. All legal will recive prompt and careful attention. OKN ST. RAXKS, ATTOBNEY AT iAW, Office in the building-formerly occupied Wm.
Indiana, Pa. L. STEWART. ArTOENEYATLAW, Office in buildingf ormerly occupied by Stew art street, All kind of legal bus! less carefully and promptly OMPEBS'MOC8E. JT on the corner of Sixths Water INDIANA, PA.
CHABLES GOMPEBS, Proprietor. Good Stabling attached, and everyatteirtion paid to guests. ELL'S OAP CO-, and Clearfieia A Jefferson Railway To take effect Friday, Nov. 1,1889. Daily except Sunday.
NOTBHWABD. 7. Train leaving Bellwood, at 8 a. Coai- "port. 9.14; Mahaffey.
1O.35; Pnnxsutawney, 11.O5; Horatio, 11.2O a. m. .15. Train leaving Bellwood, 3.28 p. Coalport, 4.42; Mahaffey, 5.35; Panxsutawney, e.25.
SOUTHWABD. 8. Train leaving Punxsntawney, 8.15 a. Mahaffey, 9.05; Coalpurt, 1O; arrives at Bellwood. 11.2O.
.16. Train leaves Punxsutawney at 3 2O p. Mahaffev, 4.09: Coal port. 4.57, arrives at Bell- rl.a'inp. m.
Kailroad Trains at I -V51 and 7.32 a.m; 12.O3. 2.18, I ii yo jun Westward: 7-22 a.m.; -23. 7.3O and 8 44 p.m. Buffalo. Rochester and Pittsbnrg Baiiroad Trains at 12.O1 and 6.Olp.«n.
Leave, 8.30a.m., Cambria and Clearfield Kallrnad Trains leave La Jose for Mitchell's Mines, 5 46 and 1O.2O a.m. Arrive at La Jose from Mitchell's Mines at 8.45 a.m and 3.50 p.m. Cusb Creek: Trains leave McGees for Glen Campbell at 5.5O and. io.3Oa.rn.; arrive- at from Glen Campbell al 8.3O a an and 3.4O p.m. W.
A. FOBD, Bell wood.Pa. UFFALO, ROCHESTER A PITTSBURGH RAIJL WAT COMPAQ THE 8HOBT LINE Between Buffalo, Rochester. Salamanca, Bradford. DuBois.
and" all points in thffNOBTH. EAST and WHST. On and" after nasseneer trains will arrive and depart from except Sunday, as follows: 9.OOA and Bochester DuBois, Brockwayville, Bidgway, Bradford, Salamanca, Buffalo, and Rochester. 13.3O P. DnBois, BrockwayvUle.
Ridgway. Jobnson- Jewett, and Bradford; concecting at Creek witbXow Grade.Divisibnv Allegbeny Valley R.B. for Brook vile. New Bethlehem. Bed Bank, Kittauing and PUtsburg Mixed trains for Da Bois and intermediate stations leave at 4.OO a.
m. and 2p.m. Trains 9.OO a. m. Mixed train from DuBois; noon.
Accommodation from Bradford; 6. m. Mail from Buffalo and Rochester; 7.0O p. m. Mixed train from Uu on fit iu PiTTSBiH our PAPER Bureau L.C.
Ticket Punxsutawney. 'jri-lf. Thompson, Gen. Pa. Agt, Rochester, Bart Snpt Bradford Pa..
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