Senate panel vows bipartisan search for Watergate truth WASHINGTON (AP) - A tribunal of seven senators opened today historic hearings into the Watergate scandals of President Nixon's re-election campaign with a pledge to determine whether America's political and judicial systems have been undermined by subversion. Sen. Sam J. Ervin Jr., D-N.C., the committee chairman, opened the nationally televised hearings in a crowded Senate caucus room. Me said if Watergate charges are proven true, "then the burglars who broke into the headquarters of the Democratic committee ,.. were breaking into the home of every citizen in the United States." And he said if that is the case, they sought to steal something far more valuable than jewels or money—"the right to vote in a free election." The hearings began 11 months to the day after five men were arrested inside Democratic headquarters on a wiretapping mission. In his opening statement, Ervin recited the record of Watergate, and the published charges of broader political surveillance and sabotage. He said the scandal has "cast a black cloud of mistrust" over American government, and promised candid and Intensive investigation to uncover all the facts. Sen. Howard H. Baker, R-Tenn., said in his opening statement that the American people "must be the final judge of Watergate ... "The very fact that we are now involved in the public process of cleaning our own house before the eyes of the world is a mark of the greatest strength," Baker said. Sen. Lowell P. Weicker Jr., R-Conn., said the story to be unfolded before the Senate panel has its significance not in the acts of breaking, entering or bugging, "but in the acts of men who almost stole America." Even as the long-awaited Senate investigation took center stage, Watergate inquiries proceeded on other fronts. Gen. Robert E. Cushman said Watergate conspirator E. Howard Hunt Jr. lied to him about why Hunt wanted help from the Central Intelligence Agency two years ago. Cushman, then CIA deputy director, talked to newsmen before entering a closed hearing of the Senate Armed Services Committee. He said before Hunt appeared, John D. Ehrlichman, then a top Nixon aide, called to ask Cushman to "give Sec WATERGATE... A-3 I M""l« •"lnU'H I lie l<c*pork> THE OHIO HOUSE and Senate named a conference committee Wednesday to work out a possible compromise on a bill to implement a state lottery. PageA-2 EDITORIALLY speaking: Sen. Douglas Applegate's proposal regarding publication of newspaper corrections appears to be worthwhile, .. Ending the sports rivalry between Indian Valley North and South high schools is a noteworthy step in reducing the friction between the schools . . . Now is the time for those opposed to the solid waste landfill proposed for Wayne and part of Sugarcreek townships to speak up or forever hold their peace. Page A-4 WHILE SCIENTISTS at Cape Kennedy were having their problems with Skylab, students in New Philadelphia's Welty Aerospace Club were battling gusty winds and other technical difficulties in staging their own annual rocket launch. PageA-6 GENE NAGEL was installed president of the Carrollton Jaycees during ceremonies Wednesday night in the New Philadelphia Holiday Inn. PageB-4 CANDI MARINELLI of New Philadelphia was crowned Miss Junior Achievement and named an officer of the year, while CEN- PHILDO, sponsored by the Timken Co., was recognized as top firm at the annual JA banquet Wednesday night. Page C-l Women GOLF DIGEST Magazine has announced the "Ten Best Dressed Women in Golf," in observance of Women Golfers Week. Page A-10 NORTHWEST PARENTS will hold a carnival Saturday in New Philadelphia West Elementary. Jean Ann Brown and Steven Harris will be queen and king over the festivities. Page A-11 Sports DR. HAROLD MEYER, commissioner of the OH- SAA, says he is opposed to girls playing on boys teams. PageC-2 JON L. HALL, coach at Kenston High, has been hired as the new head basketball mentor at New Philadelphia. PageC'2 TUSCARAWAS Central Catholic's baseball team lost a 4-2 decision to Frontier in district action Wednesday. PageC-3 Index 36 Pages 4 Sections Around the World B-i Court Records A-14 Editorials A-4 Hospital A-14 Hot Line C-l Obituaries , A-6 Sports C-2,C-3,C-4,C-5 .Stocks A-H Television C-6 Women... A-l(U-U,A-12,A-13 rri-« TB A imes 1 lie Jrfceporter The reason JL_ is results! 70th Year No. 264 The reason Jm— is results! Dover-Mew Philadelphia, Ohio Thursday, nay 17,1973 Forecast Scattered frost warning tonight. Lows in the 30s. Friday sunny and a little warmer with highs in the 60s. Price 10 Cents Work begins on expanding JVS A $6 million Buckeye Joint Vocational School now is in prospect, instead of the $3 million one approved by voters of four school districts on May 8. The JVS board last night accepted five additional districts for the school—Claymont, Indian Valley, Caraway, East Holmes and Tuscarawas Valley. Boards of those districts, at meetings earlier this week, passed resolutions asking admission to the JVS district formed by Strasburg-Franklin, Dover, New Philadelphia and Conotton Valley districts. Voters of the four districts approved a 3-mill levy for constructing and equipping the school, which will be located near the Tuscarawas Campus of Kent State University. The districts admitted last night will accept the 3-mill levy, providing patrons of the respective districts do not submit remonstrance petitions opposing the move. The additional millage would permit enlargement of the school from a tentative capacity of 750 students to 1500 and expansion of the curriculum from 20 to 32 courses. Phila traffic plan approved; vote promised to save square ByJOEMIZER New Philadelphia's TOPICS (traffic control) program took another step forward today with council approving a resolution authorizing the state to proceed and committing $15,049 of city money to the project. The resolution was given its third reading at a special meeting at 7:30 a. m. It passed as a regular piece of legislation by a five to one vote. The emergency clause was deleted and the resolution will not go into effect for 30 days. Councilman James Kaserman withdrew his emergency motion after Atty. Danny D. Johnson, representing the "Save the Square" committee, declared that inclusion of the emergency clause would be "most despicable." Johnson said emergency passage would cut off the people's right to a referendum. Johnson reiterated an earlier statement, made when the committee filed a, copy of an initiative petition on April 5 with the city auditor, that the committee is seeking only to repeal the part of the TOPICS program dealing with public square. "We want to stop a so-called beautification of the square," he said. Johnson informed council that the group he represents includes merchants on the square and also "other people in various parts of the community." "We, the citizens, will bear any costs of lights you want to put into the square," he said, referring to a statement made by Kaserman that one of the main objectives of the TOPICS program would be to replace an obsolete traffic signal system. The floor was relinquished to Johnson by Councilman Ed Streb, who remained firm in his opposition, specifically to the square project. He said he could see no good reason to pass the resolution as an emergency and was not arguing the point of a traffic signalsystem. Johnson argued that the square is an historic place and that New Philadelphia "will be an historic town someday." He said the referendum will be filed and the proposed square project "will get to a vote of the people in November.'' All councilmen were present except John Stratton. Streb cast the "no" vote against the resolution. The resolution, when it goes into effect in 30 days, will appropriate $15,049 for improving .930 mile of Rts. 416 and 800, including the intersections of Ray av. and 4th st. NW, 3rd and 4th sts. NW, Broadway from Front st. to Ray av., and the central traffic control in the square. The balance of the total cost, now estimated at $268,300, will be covered by federal and state funds. The square portion of the project calls for eliminating head-in parking on three corners, extending curbs into the intersection and instituting parallel parking. The beautification program for establishing malls in the three corners to be vacated of parking, will come later as a side benefit, according to city officials. FEDERA STATE ' UNIVERSIT Y- EXTENSION OHIO COWEflATIVE EXTEMSIOH SERVWSS HOME ECONOMICS -FAMILY \A* CONSUMER TOOD \ FAMILY AND ECONOMICS NU TRIT\ON DISCUSSING COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE DISPLAY Mrs. Linda Roberts fL), Diana Ladracb and Mrs, Vietta Wines of Mineral City Conference centers on problems of aged The retired, the aging and the aged have special problems, and the government is interested in isolating and solving them. That was the message delivered to approximately 125 senior citizens who attended a five-county district conference on aging Wednesday in First United Methodist Church in Dover. It was sponsored by HARCATUS, the Harrison, Carroll, Tuscarawas County anti-poverty agency, and the Carroll County Cooperative Extension Service. Representatives also were present from Coshocton and Holmes counties. Diana Udrach of New Philadelphia, assistant program administrator for the Foster Grandparent Program in a 38, was in charge. Dover Mayor Guy M. Smith read a proclamation, designating May as Senior Citizen Month in that city. Tuscarawas County commissioners William Winters, Dale Bayer and Rich- arcl Gasser, along with Edward Stringer, Harrison County commissioner, conducted a "town meeting-" They explained their realms of responsibility and authority and answered questions. George E. Joseph Jr., HARCATUS director, gave introductory remarks. He said the purpose of the forum was to make the aged and the aging more aware of assistance available to them and pointed out the session was a preliminary to the Governor's Conference on Aging to be held in September. Opinions expressed at the Dover con- ference and similar ones being held throughout the state will be evaluated at the state meeting. Joseph commented on the greater emphasis being given to programs for the elderly. Mrs. Rose Papier of Columbus, coordinator of the Ohio Administration on Aging, spoke on the topic, "How to Develop and Use Resources for Older Americans." She discussed various senior citizen organizations and periodicals, and other resources available to them- Mrs. Papier has been secretary of the National Assn. of State Agencies on Aging since 1971. She also is research direc- See CONFERENCE... A-3 Acceptance of the five districts now must be advertised by the JVS board once a week for two weeks in a newspaper of general circulation in the area. On the60th day following the final advertisement, the five districts would become JVS members, except for the pos- sbility of remonstrance action. Remonstrance petitions must be signed by a majority of those who voted in each district in last November's general election. THE NEXT STEP would be the JVS request to the state board of education for approval of the enlarged district. State law requires an uneven number of JVS board members. If East Holmes and Claymont come into the district each would have a representative on the board, making nine members. Caraway, Tuscarawas Valley and Indian Valley would be represented by the two county board of education members who now represent Strasburg-Franklin. Dover and New Philadelphia each have two members and Conotton Valley has one. As originally planned, the JVS school would have cost $3,259,410-$3,052,560 for buildings and $206,850 for equipment. See WORK... A-3 Gilligan to appear at Phila Gov. John Gilligan is coming to New Philadelphia June 14 for a public " town hall" meeting. His visit was arranged by the Tuscarawas County Board of Realtors Inc. Charles 0. Snyder, chairman of the board's political affairs committee, said the purpose of the meeting is to give county residents a chance to meet the governor face-to- face and ask him questions. It also fits in with Gov. Gilligan's attempts to talk to more Ohioans, Snyder said. The "town hall" meeting will be held in the New Philadelphia High gym beginning at 7 p.m. Snyder, who announced the governor's acceptance of the invitation to speak at Wednesday's board meeting, said the "town hall" format will feature a moderator and be non-partisan. Plans are drawn to save Skylab CAPE KENNEDY, Fla. (AP) The scenario is being written today for a Buck Rogers-style space adventure in which three astronauts will fly a repair mission to the disabled Skylab space station. It will require one of the astronauts to take a space walk to install a shield between the overheated spacecraft and the blazing rays of the sun. Television pictures may provide much of the world with a ringside seat to the unfolding drama. The flight may start Sunday. Or it may be delayed until Friday, May 25. If it works, Skylab 1 astronauts Charles Conrad Jr., Dr. Joseph P. Kerwin and Paul J. Weitz could save their 28-day orbital trip and the 56-day voyages planned later in the year for the Skylab 2 and 3 crews. Plans for the flight are being drawn up by specialists at space agency centers at Cape Kennedy, Houston, Tex., and Huntsville, Ala., and at the contractor plants of Martin-Marietta in Denver and McDonnell-Douglas Corp. in Huntington, Beach, Calif. "I've asked all concerned to come up with detailed recommendations and See SKYLAB... A-3 U.N. diplomats see Watergate damaging influence of America UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (AP) Many experienced diplomats at the United Nations predict the U.S. Congress will trim presidential power as a result of the Watergate scandal. They believe this will reduce American influence in the world. "Watergate is, of course, a pretext for a major campaign to curb the powers of the President," one West European said. "The people who voted for President Nixon knew at the time he was no angel, so they are not really surprised at the affair, which is just a drop in the bucket compared to the importance of the Middle East question." He predicted a net result of the scandal would be further U.S. withdrawal from world affairs and eventual loss of both markets and influence abroad to Japan, China and European countries. An Arab ambassador said the Watergate affair was severely damaging U.S. prestige and influence in the world. "It is a diversion from real problems such as the ailing economy and balance of payments deficits," he said. But a Communist diplomat said while the power of the U.S. presidency will be reduced, this would not affect Nixon's major dealings with the Soviet Union and China, Those negotiations, he said, "are dictated by reality." "When a husband and wife are battling, outsiders don't mix in," one Soviet diplomat commented. The remark reflected feeling of veteran diplomats from several countries and different political systems that Watergate is not so much a probe for truth as a struggle for power between Republicans and Democrats and between the White House and Congress. Reserve board tightens bank business lending WASHINGTON (AP) - The Federal Reserve Board has moved to cool the nation's economy by tightening the supply of money member banks have available for business loans. : The board Wednesday ordered member banks to raise their reserves from five to eight per cent on the amount of increase in their large outstanding certificates of deposit. The action takes effect June?. By the increased reserve requirements, the board is forcing member banks to set aside a greater percentage of their new funds. The board also removed the ceiling on interest rates that banks may pay on certificates of deposits in amounts of 1100,000 and over. But the increase will not apply to banks with total outstanding certificates of less than $10 million.
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