Longview News-Journal from Longview, Texas on April 15, 1987 · Page 25
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Longview News-Journal from Longview, Texas · Page 25

Longview, Texas
Issue Date:
Wednesday, April 15, 1987
Page 25
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3-C Study links weakened bone condition to deficiency of-meat, milk-in the-diet WEDNESDAY, April 15, 1987, Longview Daily Nwi Omaha World-Herald When professional basketball player Bill Walton of the Boston Celtics developed bone fractures that wouldn't heal, physicians and researchers tried to learn why. Walton's weakened bone condition, called osteopenia, did not lit the traditional profile of a bone disease patient and, indeed, he wasn't typical. Weak, brittle bones are commonly associated with little old ladies and a lack of calcium from dairy products. Walton's condition was caused by an absence of manganese in his blood due largely to a strict vegetarian diet. When the manganese level of Walton's blood was raised, his bones begin to heal. This link to a vegetarian diet was established by research at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources. ; Dr. Constance Kies, UNL professor of human nutrition, has been'comparing meat products with cereal products for 10 years. For the last four years, she has given special attention to such trace minerals as manganese. "Although the amount of manganese in meat and milk is low, this manganese is very easily absorbed from the intestines into the body," Dr. Kies said. "Includ-i'ng meat and milk in the diet Seems to help the body use manganese from other foods as well. . Cereal products, including soybean products used as meat substitutes in vegetarian diets, contain more manganese thai meat does, but the body cannot use manganese on a strict vegetarian diet, she said. - Manganese "goes straight through the body" on a vegetarian diet," Dr. Kies said. "It's a real strange thing." . A smiiar situation exists with other minerals and vitamins. When beef or milk is included in the diet, UNL feeding tests show better use of iron, copper, magnesium, zinc, vitamin B-6, niacin and pantothenic acid.' Meat producers miss a marketing opportunity when they promote the protein quality of meat, Dr. Kies said. "Where the big difference comes is utilization of minerals and, to a lesser extent, vitamins." Dr. Kies said the importance of a varied diet including such animals foods as meat and milk has been confirmed, repeatedly, by eight-week feeding studies on healthy UNL students. "A varied diet is not only more fun, it's good for you, too," Dr. Kies said. "People always think good nutrition is denial. The best diet includes a variety of foods and includes some fun foods like chocolate cream pie. "You can still eat a lot of meat and stay under the 300 milligrams of cholesterol," Dr. Kies said, relerring to a daily guideline set by the American Heart Association. A 3-ounce serving of lean meat contains approximately 70 to 80 milligrams, she said. "It comes back to the same old thing: moderation in all things." Moderation also applies to dietary supplements. "Taking too much of any supplement may allect how the body reacts and disturb how it uses other nutrients," Dr. Kies said. Calcium supplements, popular with women, can worsen the effect of low manganese levels in the body. Calcium taken in supplements, rather than in food, inhibits the body's natural ability to use manganese, she said. Taking manganese through supplements also is not recommended because side effects have not been studied, Dr. Kies said. There is no minimum daily recommendation for manganese muo intake, but the Food and Nutri tion Board of the National Research Council suggests 2.5 to 4 milligrams per day is within the safe and adequate level. Dr. Kies' research suggests many Americans, especially women, consume less manganese than they should. A recent study of women at UNL found their diets contained about 1.8 milligrams per day, a less than adequate amount. Dr. Kies said the vegetarian diet of basketball player Walton contained a lot of manganese, but the mineral was not well absorbed in the absence of animal protein. Compounding the effects of the low manganese absorption was a genetic defect: Walton lacked a specific protein carrier for manganese in the blood stream. This genetic disorder, however, would not have created such serious problems in a person who ate a varied diet, she said. The scientist who tested Walton's blood said the basketball player had "zero manganese and one-half the copper and one-half the zinc," of a normal man. Paul Saltman, professor of biology at the University of California-San Diego, said Walton would occasionally eat chicken or fish but ate no red meat and took no mineral supplements. Bill Walton's genetic problem was exacerbated by diet," he said. Saltman, who has a doctorate in bio-chemistry, said Walton's physician asked for help in determining the cause of the bone disorder. Salman's five years of research into the causes of osteoporosis had shown that women with weak, brittle bones not only had low levels of calcium in their blood, but had one-fourth the level of blood serum manganese as normal women. His leeding studies with laboratory rats also showed that bones were weakened when animals developed deficiencies in manganese or copper. In a telephone interview from California, Saltman said his work "coordinates very nicely" with that of Dr. Kies. As in humans, bone cells in rats are constantly built and broken idown. In manganese-deficient rats, both the formation of bone cells and the breakdown of bone cells is inhibited. "But, the breakdown is faster than the buildup," he said. Thus, bones become progressively weaker in manganese-defi-cient animals. A varied diet including such animal foods as heel and milk helps to assure adequate nutrition and bone health Pizza is calcium-rich Jjlnancjlbyal. iiiupjmid-OXjnediunL better Homes and Gardens Food Editor As an adult, you are what you ate. If you ate enough calcium-rich foods during your teen years you're more likely to have strong adult bones that can resist disabling osteoporosis. Too little calcium during the bone-building years means less bone mass, more likelihood of bone disease in old age. Adequate calcium is especially important for teen-age girls. CHIP AND CHEESE PIZZA 1 beaten egg 2 cups crushed tortilla chips 9-ounce can jalapeno-flavored bean dip 2 tablespoons dairy sour cream 2Vj cups shredded Monterey jack cheese (10 ounces) chunkv-stvle salsa In a medium bowl combine egg and tortilla chips; mix well. Press evenly onto the bottom arid sides of a well-greased 9-inch pie plate. Bake in a 400-degree oven for 8 to 10 minutes. Remove from oven to wire rack. Reduce oven temperature to 350 degrees. In a small bowl combine bean dip and sour cream; mix well. Spread bottom of pie shell with bean mixture. Sprinkle with cheese. Bake 10 to 12 minutes or until cheese is melted. Spoon salsa around outside edge of pizza. Serve immediately. Makes 6 serv ings. Nutrition information per serving: 382 cal., 17 g pro., 21 g carbo., 25 g fat, 90 mg chol., 754 mg sodium. U.S. RDA: 13 percent vit. A, 15 percent riboflavin, 39 percent calcium, 34. percent phosphorus. WESTERN DAY SAT., APRIL 25TH 10:00 A.M.-6:00 P.M. FREE! RIDES ENTERTAINMENT PRIZES FUN FOR ENTIRE FAMILY 2400 W.MARSHALL 'T't'; ....anil SKINLESS DUNcLbici oALWIUN EASY SALMON PASTA 1 can (6'2 oz.) Honey Boy Skinless & Boneless Pink Salmon 1 Package (8 oz.) curly-edged noodles such as rogati, riccini or rotmi v cup hot melted butter or margarine 0 onnc hpatpn Freshly grated Parmesan cheese, at room temperature Vz cup chopped parsley Salt and freshly ground pepper Dram salmon; break into large chunks Set aside. Cook noodles according to package directions Oram noodles; immediately pour in hot butter, tossing to coat evenly Add eggs, 1 cup Parmesan cheese, parsley, and pepper and salt to taste and toss again. Sprinkle salmon chunks over toss lightly taking care not to break up salmon chunks Serve with additional Parmesan cheese, if desired Makes 4 servings. PACKED FRESH IN ALASKA I DAILY: Monday Thru Saturday A FULL SERVICE MARKET MEMBER OF OKLAHOMA-TEXAS MEAT PROCESS ORS AND AMERICAN MEAT PROCESSORS WE ACCEPT FOOD STAMPS Custom Slaughtering and Processing Monday through Friday SSI? SOUP BONES ... 19 ib. PIG FEET 59 lb. TONGUES. 1.29 lb. mm Wisconsin Cheddar Cheese 5V LBS. Market-Made PoflTSausage $1.59 10 LB. BOX Wright's Sliced Bacon $ 15.90 E T5Tnm Round Steak Sirloin T-Bone Steak Club Steak Chopped Steak BaconWrapped Ribeyes Filets Seven Roast Arm Roast Pikes Peak Roast Rump Roast Rolled Roast Sirloin Tip Roast Trimmed Brisket 1.99 LB. 2.69 lb. 2.99 lb. 2.19 LB. 1.99 LB 4.50 lb 4.50 lb 1.49 LB 1.79 LB 1.79 LB. 1.59 LB. 1.89 LB. 2.39 lb. 1.79 lb: 4 LBS. Chopped BBQ $7.95 'fgEjfTj' 1BOX Burritos $5.95 24 Count IE 10 LB. BOX Chic Fry Steaks $ 14.90 (iiUIBiEEIt Decker Bonless Hams s1.89 CP Lean Quality Hamburger $1.39 LB. 12 BEEF $1.39lB Hindquarfer $H.6?lb Cut, Wrapped & Frozen For Freezer 30 lb. Economy Pack $33.95 5 Ib. Beef Ribs 5 Ib. Pork Sausage 5 Ib. Ground Oeef 5 Ib. Fryers 5 Ib. Oeef Roast mm v m Deluxe Special $59.95 5 Ib. T-Done 5 Ib. Sirloin Steak 5 Ib. Round Stssk 5 Ib. Club Stesk 5 Ib. Ground Chuck 5 Ib. Cscon

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