The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on July 7, 1966 · Page 8
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 8

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Thursday, July 7, 1966
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- Blythevffl* (Ark.) Courier New» - nrntay, ••••!••••••••••••••• f.At at "Dr. Fred Wagner, a local dentist, spoke on fluoridation one:..night last week, and I could not resist going down to City Hall to hear him. Ntf*. 3 have been in debt to dentists move often than I C1CII1.J3L3 jnv"~ - should like to recall, and I certainly do not make a point of seeking these fellows out. Seeing them socially is one thing, but consulting them in the airs of their trade is like seeing hangmen professionally. One tries to avoid it. . But I went to see and hear Dr.-Wagner with a great deal of'enthusiasm, even though I Knew he would be dealing with the subject of teeth. After all, I knew he was there not to extract-teeth, but'to tell people ftoW-to save them. Dr. Wagner's talk was sponsored by the Mississippi County •fbiing Republicans. This was 'fte'Second "Town Meeting" %alled by the YR's in as jna'rly months, and, like the first ~jih"ey it was a bomb; ^W.hich is to say, It was ill'^prided. If one discounts the X:R.'S themselves and their ••'wiveS and children who were jpfght in to swell the audience, ffiere were perhaps two of us there. — a. newsman and a side\ No dentists; no city pec- for partisan political purposes. Regardless of the merits of such a belief (and there is some evidence to substantiate it), it would seem that a seminar on fluoridation was just what the doctor ordered for the city of Blytheville ;or failed to order in a confused, hyperbolic referendum 12 years ago). Surely by now it is growing hard to justify opposition to fluroidation of the city's water supply. As Fred Wagner told our little group, vestigations by pll; Total attendance, including the ringers, was no more than ten. thorough in,,.„„.„ _„ the nation's major"health services have failed to turn up evidence ol undesirable side - effects, and these health services have discovered incontrovertibly tha' the incidence of tooth decay b; 60 per cent. Dr. Wagner called upon tni city council to fluoridate the city's water by executive decree That Edwards or the city coun cil will do this is doubtful. As a source close to the may or points out, "It's unrealisti to expect Jimmie to go agains those referendum results, eve though they are old. He is, afte all, a politician, and he feel fluoridation is still so controver sial that only the public coul authorize it." It must be noted, by way o opposing this'reasoning, tha Is succeeded in gettin Renewal programs fo cutting grams ROUNDUP TIME-Everything looks as familiar as the old television screen heteewept ?hn,P (what') cowboys Thes! aren't longhorns swimming on a Mm location. The/re those s wna .y ™™ °nl of Bolivia's fastest growing enterprises, the cattle ranches. The representative of one ot Bolivia s ,T~°\=* f -f°inA V par« aao. ideal for cattle. With A^ 0 ,nn hasin is much like the' golden west 01 iw year* »su, «i*«u ivi >on«~ g American help, the herds are growing. Rights' Black Power! Battle Cry Rips Across Nation .„««» SCHWE.D «—**«L "™ Decries IBJl Red Ink Erasure By EDMOND LE BRETON WASHINGTON (AP) - Presi- lent Johnson's administration is pushing a variety of, measures o erase billions in red ink from he budget without actually down government pro. Republicans have been crying foul, contending the administra- ion is deceiving the voters and making them pay the costs of what the GOP calls the deception. But so far, Congress has balked at only yone of the various proposals that require leg islative approval. While the moves differ, the main principles involved are roent bans oans to students. school year as in the past. substiluting private capital in lending for public programs, guarantees for direct of private government I:o1leges™protested that many students would be unable to get >ank loans in time to continue their studies without interruption, and the House Education and Labor Committee rejected even a compromise that would have stretched out the transi- ;ion: The Appropriations Committee brought out legislation to mak«! loan funds available next The issues Participation involved in Sales Act the are 1S. Wagner is a pleasant, in- -jgMgent young man who had 'ohyjpusly expected something much different, and he was jiSich embarrassed. So were Hie "Yojjng Republicans. They made Nervous, self - effacing remarks .which were intended to ease "their sense of pain, but nobody "was deceived, and least of all tf&y.'R.'a. This was a disaster, Driven the children Indicated "Ji5L.a variety of morose expres- Blytheville without so poll-1 WASHINGTON (AP) — . what went wrong? Certainly .4he-.-Y.R.'s can not be accused ,-c.f failure to publicize the event. "JThes passed out handbills; they ~is$' out invitations; the tele- jpripned citizens persistently; and 'Ithey": were certainly not ill- Served by the three or four vpie'ces of coverage they got from ;-the. Courier News. V., And, of course, the subject of JSs^meeting, fluoridation, is in 4JfeI£ sufficiently dramatic to live attracted a crowd, or so .would have thought before last week. One would have been — and wa s — wrong in so thinking. For one reckoned without the odium attached to the name "Republican." For, despite the respectable votes garnered by Goldwater and Rockefeller in 1964, the idea of Republicanism on the local level is a notion so quaint and alien as to appear almost subversive to the average Arkie. "I never met s Republican until I was 21 years old," a prosperous ex-Georgian once told me, "and when I did finally see one, he looked kind of funny out of his eyes." * * * Arkansas, if anything, is more tin-Republican than Georgia. Our state, as we all know by now, has never cast its electoral votes for a Republican presidential candidate — we are the only state in the union with such an unblemished record of fidelity to a single party. Conservatism abounds, to be sure, and dissatisfaction with a specific gubernatorial regime occasionally manifests itself in the election results. But local governments everywhere in the stale are firmly in the control of local Democratic parties. It is doubtful, in fact, whether the Young Republicans could attract much more than a handful lo witness a Second Coming — if such an Event could be sponsored by them. The Y.R.'s were particularly chagrined over the absence oi Mayor Jimmie Edwards from last week's audience. "He at least 'was at the first one in May, when Ansil Douthit (Little Rock's city manager) spoke," a Y.R. member was heard to say petulantly. "Of course I was there," Edwards says. "Douthit was a visiting dignitary, so I met him on behalf of the city. I hope they don't expect me to show up as a representative of the city every time they hold a meeting. They're on their own as far as I'm concerned." Edwards is known lo feel that the Young Republican "Town Meetings" are only superficially public seminars into Issues and, further, that they constitute an attempt to exploit the citizenry ing the public. Urban Renewal was itself controversial at one time, and it is not so now mainly because of the mayor's courage in getting the programs first and asking questions after. His current popularity is, indeed, largely predicated on his Urban Renewal accomplishments, even though he might have failed (as other cities have) had he chosen to try to get the programs authorized originally by referendum. There are still some of us hard-headed types who, despite our chain-smoking, despite our curious sleeping habits, are "health-nuts" of a sort. We don't think handsome buildings and good streets and rotting teeth are any finer as a combination fcan rotting buildings, gravel roads, and handsome teeth might be. We would like to see the health of a society progress along with the health of its economy. I guess maybe we are incor- rigibe Bolsheviks, for we woulc like to see Jimmie Edwards take the lead in getting our water fluoridated and saving 60 per cent of our children's teeth from a pointless and disfiguring "Black, power." It defies defini ion. But its impact on the civil ignis movement and on Amerian society promises to be pro- ourid. The slogan came crashing nto the lexicon during the civil ights march through Missis- ippi. "Say black power!" Supporters of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee touted to rural Negroes. rot. ''Black power!" They shouted lack. What had been an idea in the mind of Stokely Carmichael, the new chairman of SNCC, had bloomed into a battle cry. It was evident at once that part of the civil rights move- nent was undergoing change. John Lewis, who was ousted as chairman of SNCC by Carmichael in May, found himself out of step. He dropped out of the organization, saying he disagreed with its slogan. "I'm not prepared to give up my personal commitment to nonviolence," he said. But the Congress of Racial Equality fell into line. It included its convention in Baltimore Sunday by adopting "black power" as the dominant philosophy of the movement. "CORE will not initiate-anc I emphasize that—any form of violence," said Lincoln Lynch, association national director 'but when one is attacked he should defend himself." "Nonviolence is another move to dehumanize the Negro man— » take away his last remaining right," Lynch said. As if overnight, the National Association for the Advance ment of Colored People and thf Southern Christian Leadership Wilkins then went before the convention's 2,000 delegates to slash "back power" as "the father of hatred and the mother of violence." "We of the NAACP will have none of this," he declared. "It shall not now poison our forward march." Dr. Martin Luther King, who ds director of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference had made nonviolence the byword of the civil rights movement, said "I have not lost faith in nonviolence." And he said he •vill not use the term "black ower" in directing his organi- "Black power has cearly defined; it's Conference, aged. The seemed question middle -o—. —- . now i whether the civil rights banne has been wrested from them bj the younger and more militant * * * Roy Wilkins, executiv director of the NAACP, stoix fast against the tide. He tol newsmen in Los Angeles, wher the NAACP is holding its SIC. annual convention: "The trou ble with 'block power' is it im plies 'antiwhite' and we can have anything to do with it. W We believe that Edwards wil have distinguished his name fo all time by so doing, even i his action should mean immediate political trouble for him. But we believe that, contrary to what he may fear,, the Mayor might realistically be expected to gain politically from sponsoring fluoridation, as he has gained from sponsoring street improvement districts and Urban Renewal programs. Nothing ventured, nothing gained. And, if dentists can publicly advocate a process that might cut into their business by 60 per cent, then we don't see how the Mayor can justify timidity in pursuit of a long overdue health measure. And we are going to continue attending meetings as valuable as this one on fluoridation even if it turns out they are being sponsored by Fidel Castro. Registered Voters Near Record High By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A leader in the fight for the state's voter registration system said Wednesday he expected voting records in the slate to tumble in the November general election. Dr. H. D. Luck of Arkadelphia, president, of the Democrats for Arkansas, was commenting on the large number of registered voters for the July 26 primary. An Associated Press spot survey indicated Wednesday that the number of voters is near the record 715,528 registered in the last year of the poll lax system, 1964. The 1964 recerd was set In a l-20,000th of a second, presidential year and for a gen eral election. Tuesday was the last day t register for the July 26 prima ies, and registration in som counties exceeded the hig totals for 1964 and others wer on the heels of te 1964 figure Luck hailed the current tola as a "reason for feeling grat fied. 1 'It Is significant that w argued in favor of this system on the ground that it would encourage voting," he said. 'It looks like it has done just that." Luck said that by the general election, "I miagine almost al! the voting records will be broken, except in those counties which had padded the voting rolls under the poll tax system." atiori. But so far as King is con- I out on actually means. not still been biguous," he said in New York Tuesday. * * * If, it turns out, "black power" simply means using the ballot to exert greater political intuence, only diehard opponents of Negro rights are likely to take offense. And, if it : means whites in leadership positions within the civil rights movement are to be dislodged by Negroes, "black power" essentially denotes an internal struggle. But there is more than just a hint that "black power" means a good deal more. _ even if the switch costs more in interest, and timing collections to produce budget windfalls. The administration, denying any purpose to deceive, contends attracting private capital into programs that previously had to be financed by the government is sound public policy — even if it means tiw Treasury has to put up funds to cover interest differentials. On Tuesday, Johnson told a news conference the deficit for fiscal 1966 would be far below the $6.4 billion estimated in Jan-' uary, although he said final figures won't be in for several weeks. The administration's biggest victory to date was the enactment, over solid Republican opposition, of the Participation Sales Act of 1966, expected to subtract $4.2 billion from the spending side of this year's budget without reducing the fUnds available to any agency. Congressional committees however, turned down Johnson when he asked for changes in the popular national defense education loan program. He wanted to take $340 million out of the budget during two fiscal years by substituting govern- more complex. Its proponents argueil that it simply extends the lang-established practice of selling' to private investors assets im the form of loans re- ceivahile held by the govern that Fannie Mae needs mor« funds for its mortgage purchases to alleviate, even a little, the current tightness of housing funds. .. The new legislation, approved by the House Banking Committee, would raise the permissible borrowing rate on the present base from 10 times to 15 times — providing $2 billion more. The House is expected to debate the issue later this month. A $1 billion difference in the government's books for the fiscal year that ended June 30 was made by a Treasury move to speed up the depositing. of income tax withheld by employ' The Federal National Mort- ers. . . , . They were directed to remit the proceeds twice a month, instead of once a month as before. This resulted in an extra half monfii's deposit reaching reaeral iiauui«« mvi i. *•«.* ...„. — r - « Association, commonly the Treasury during June, in- called Fannie Mae, which oper-i ates on a combination of government and private capital, for years has bought home mortgages fnom private investors to pump more funds as needed into the housing mortgage market. When conditions were deemed to justify it, Fannie Mae sold mortgages: to replenish Its own easing receipts {or the year about $1 bilion. Project Highlights Hospital Errors By BILL SIMMONS LITTLE ROCK, Ark. (AP)-It s 9:50 p.m. Nurse X> nearing the end of her tiring shift, suddenly real- 1 zes it is'past the time for a dose of medicine for the patient in room 3010-E. Hurriedly, she plucks a bottle rom the mass of those arrayed lefore her—the wrong one. She shakes two tablets out, scurries to room 3010-E, and rouses the patient, who swal- ows the pills. Minutes later, Nurse X goes wme. This, a research team reports, is an example of one of several types of errors that occur in hospitals more often than commonly assumed. Dr. William Heller and Kenneth Barker of the University of Arkansas Medical Center in Little Rock detailed their findings Dec. 29 in a report to a medical meeting in Berkeley, Calif. The report is based on four „ errors were reported in a ear through normal channels utside the research program. Barker followed up with a pi- ot system to see if the number f errors could be reduced. It ed him to believe they could, nd he laid the foundation for studies-two of which uncovered errors, two of which sought methods of eliminating the errors. Barker started the project. In 1959, while a resident in pharmacy at a university teaching hospital, Barker noticed a nurse carrying two hypodermic syringes into a room with four patients. By mistake, each pa tient got the wrong injection. Barker wondered how often such things happened and he launched a research project tr check on errors. * * *• After It had been in full swinj for two months, Barker said: 'Errors were occurring a such a rale that at least ever; sixth dose administered was i error"-one per patient ever; day. Barker said more than 99 pe cent of the errors went by un known to anyone, including th person making the error. By projection of his figures Modern radar devices can Barker's research indicated 51 measure time accurately up toi200 errors would be made in th 'hospital during a year. But onl; oped and tested an experimen tal system for giving medicine At present, operate under current study. Heller, 40, .and Barker, 29, unds. The Participation Sales Act provides fflff sales of other than individual ;.mortages or similar oans. Such assets held by var- ous government agencies are pooled and, as sales agent, Fan- lie Mae seills "participations" n such poolii. Paymyent of principal and interest is guaranteed, in effect though not formally, by the government. So far, at laast, the participa- tions have baai selling at prices that cost thte government as much as one-ihalf of 1 per cent interest mons than straight Treasury bornciwing. Legislation now pending to increase the boirrowing power of Fannie Mae itself further ilus- trates the administration's commitment agaimil using government funds in «mding programs when other means can be found There is general agreemen Longest Reign Longest reign of any monarch history was that of the Sixth ynasty pharaoh, Pepi II, who cended the Egyptian throne jout 2566 B.C. at the age of x and reigned for 91 years. Day's Beginning The ancient Babylonian bean their day at sunrise; the ncient Jews began theirs at unset. Early Egyptians and omans were the first to begin le day at midnight. LBJ Opens Viet Talks With Staff most hospitals a system that oth natives of Ohio, came to- ether in 1961 when each discov- red at a Chicago pharmaceuti- al meeting that the other had een working independently on be problem. Working under a $42,000 grant rom the Hartford Foundation of New York City, the doctors decided to expand B<Vker's previous error study. They followed a careful plan if tracing each dose at a gener- jl hospital and placing each error in a specific category. Terms of the grant forbid hem to name the hospital. The categories of errors are: 1. Omission—a dose not given by the time the following dose was due. 2. Wrong dose—a dose al east 5 per cent above or below the prescribed amount. 3. Extra dose—one given more than the number of times prescribed by, the physician. 4. Wrong form-a dose given in a manner other than tha prescribed, such as giving in pill form a drug prescribed for injection. 5. Unordered drug—a dosi not prescribed by the physician 6. Wrong time—a dose given at least 30 minutes before o after the prescribed time. The researchers examined 9. 789 instances where medicine was given. Errors occurred ii 15 per cent of them—one out o each seven doses. In a follow to their condu sions that errors are all to prevalent in hospitals, Helle and Barker now are chippini away at the problem of eliml nating medication errors. Assisted by a two-year, $733, 000 grant from the U.S. Puhli Health Service, they have devei leaves to nurses the preparing and administering of doses scheduled for patients. Under the experimental system devised by Barker and Heller, all drugs were distribut- d from a central pharmacy to urses on a dose-by-dose basis vhen each was due. Drugs for injection were pro- ided in labeled, disposable syr- nges; tablets abeled bags. The experimental system was perated for two months at the \rkansas Medical Center, and 3arker and Heller report pre- iminary results show the error ate was reduced by more than were in small, lalf. Barker and Heller say the irogram may also result in dol- ar savings in at least two ar)s: —With all drugs handed out of a central pharmacy, they are removed from nursing divisions where losses run big—$18,000 a year at the Arkansas Medica' lenter, for example. —With a reduction in medica- ion errors, hospitals could hope ,o save themselves the expense of legal battles. SAN ANTONIO, tfex. (AP) .'resident Johnson has reviewe" current military cyjerations i Viet Nam with Secife^ary of De ense Robert .McNkmara, a overnight guest at the Pres dent's ranch. Johnson and McNnmara go together in advance of day-Ion talks the secretary will hav Friday in Honolulu with Adrn J. S. Grant Sharpe, commande of all American forons hi th 3 acific and Southeast Asia. The defense chief fleny to th LBJ Ranch, some 60 rmtes nort of here, shortly after thr.ee othe Viet Nam experts ended' a fou our visit to the Johnscm horn and flew to Los Angeles to brie the National Governors Confe nee. The earlier visitors weire ro' ing Ambassador W. .AVere Harriman, Lt. Gen. Andirew Goodpaster, secretary to tl Joint Chiefs of Staff, and Wa W. Rostow, Johnson's gpeci presidential assistant for ivatio al security affairs. Johnson has said McNavna and Sharpe will discuss milii'tar operations and logistical filai in connection with the Viet Ma In some parts of the Arab orld, a man is considered'a eakling if he refuses to drink irty water. tight* Hassle hreatens idiool Aid LITTLE ROCK (AP) - The '.S. Office of Education has old Ihe state Education Department to fulfill its obligations in nforcing school desegregation ompliance, Education Commis- ioner A. W. Ford said Tues- ay. Ford said enforcement was the job of the federal agency. However, Education Commis- ioner Harold How II said in a memorandum that failure of tate agencies to enforce compliance by school districts night "jeopardize the continued larticipation of the entire state n federally assisted programs." Ford said enforcing the school provisions of the 1964 Civil lights Act was specifically intrusted to federal agencies by Jongress and said the state agencies had no real enforcing Dower or obligation. "Our commitment, as I inter- irel it," Ford said, "lies in jeing truthful with file United States Office of Education." The memorandum was prompted, Howe said, by complaints that some summer school programs were being operated on a segregated basis in violation of the Civil Rights Act. Ford said about nine workers from the U.S. Office of Education were now interviewing school boards and superintendents in the state about desegregation implemenlation and problems. "There are some places in southeast and southwest Arkansas in which they have real problems in implementing, including crowded conditions, Ford said.

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