Delaware County Daily Times from Chester, Pennsylvania on April 25, 1964 · Page 26
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Delaware County Daily Times from Chester, Pennsylvania · Page 26

Chester, Pennsylvania
Issue Date:
Saturday, April 25, 1964
Page 26
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Archives Tdke in Peace Unit Papers Gandhi Letters Included Stamps, Seals Available Continued from 3A. depository for th« archives of the leading peace organizations in the United States. Peace leaders represented besides Jane Add am s are William Ladd, founder of the American Peace Society; Elihu Burritt, the "learned blacksmith;" Edwin D. and Lucia Ames Mead of Massachusetts; Hannah J. Bailey, W.C.T.U peace worker, William I. and Hannah Clothier Hull, Quaker pacifists'; Emily Greene Balch, winner of the 1946 Nobel Peace Prize, and Devere Allen, author, editor, and publisher. 7 Letters In addition to his editorials and articles there are seven signed letters from India's Mohandas K. Gandhi. Peace posters, stamps, seals, cartoons and flags are also included in the collections. There are intriguing booklets, leaflets, posters, clippings and correspondence by and about Prof. Ludwig Quidde, who until his death in exile March 8, 1941 was president of The German Peace Society. In 1933 Adolf Hitler's German Gestapo confiscated from Quid- de's home in Munich all the material it could find bearing on the subject of peace. However, Quidde had previously sent his books to the League of Nations Library in Geneva. In 1936, Prof. Quidde tried to send other papers to Geneva, but the Gestapo intercepted these at the railway depot. The German pacifist also wanted these papers to go to the Swarthmore College Peace Collection, and so stated in a written declaration dated Aug. 14, 1937. Ellen Starr Brinton, then the Friends Library curator, endeavored with the help of the American Consul in Munich and the American Embassy in Berlin to secure immediate possession of them. Vague Promises But interviews with the Gestapo officials in charge of prosecution of pacifists brought only vague promises of inquiry. Finally, in 1939, there came a message that' the Quidde papers were considered records of criminal activities and therefore could not be released. Quidde, who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1927, said his confiscated papers were a record of the German Peace Movement for 40 years. After World War II, search for the collection was started again. The matter last was reported in the hands of the Restitution Branch of the U.S. Office Military Government. T.":e Swarthmore Peace Collection had its beginning through happenstance. A member of the Board of 4A-- April 25, 1964 ADMIRE MEDAL -- Dorothy Harris (right), associate director of the Friends Historical Library, and tivo coeds, Lee Vandenberg (left), of Wellesley, Mass., and Mary Porter of Aiken, S.C., admire replica of 1931 Nobel Peace Prize won by Jane Addams. The actual medal is a possession of the library. Managers at Swarthmore had called on Jane Addams at. Hull House in Chicago and was horrified to find her burning personal papers in her fireplace. This official persuaded Miss Addams that such material really had historic value and offered safekeeping in the Friends Historical Library. Accepted The invitation was accepted and in 1930 she forwarded personal correspondence and records of her peace activities. Much of the material concerned the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom of which she had been international president from its founding in 1915. Included were some 500 books on neace, women's rights and labor problems. Miss Addams died in 1935 and a loyal group at Swarthmore pledged to carry her ideas still further. Dr. Frank Aydelotte, t h e n president of Swarthmore Col- lepe, proposed that a world-wide peace collection be developed as a memorial to Miss Addams, declaring: "Let us gather here the records of peace activities from every country in every language. We will keep them for one hundred or five hundred years to come, so that future generations of research scholars may learn of the efforts that have been nia(!e over the centuries to create permanent peace. Sometime international war will be outlawed, perhaps not in our generation, or the next, but, nut eventually. And then the efforts of peace workers will be of great historic importance." Out OfDelco Past Dr. Tolles, the scholarly gentleman who serves as director of the library, is a walking en- cyclopaedia on Quaker a n d Swarthmore College history. Another Tribute When he was appointed i n 1954 to fill the Howard M. Jenkins Chair of Quaker History and Research at Swarthmore, President Courtney Smith paid him this tribute: "Dr. Tolles is undoubtedly one of the most outstanding scholars in the field of Quaker history in England and the United States today." When Haverford College conferred an honorary doctor of letters degree on Dr. Tolles in 1959, President Hugh Borton cited him as "a humanitarian who had devoted his outstanding abilities to the service of others (and) a worthy example of Quakerism as a way of life." A modest man, Dr. Tolles asserts that " H e n r y Cadbury knows five times more about Quaker history than I do." Dr. Cadbury, who won fame as a professor at Harvard, now lives in Haverford and is one of the honorary curators of t h e Friends Library. People everywhere recognize Dr. Tolles as an outstanding authority. His desk usually is piled high with inquiries. Twelve years ago he was chosen president of the Friends Historical Society of England -- the seventh American to hold that post up to that time. Dr. /Tolles is the author of the book, "Quakers and the Atlantic Culture," and is now writing a history'of Swarthmore College- in connection with the school's centennial. The hope was to -have it in print for the June commencement. But the a r c h i v Swarthmore are so voluminous that Dr. Tolles will not finish the book before the end of the year. He.recalled that the late William I. Hull, a history professor at Swarthmore for 47 years, once attempted a history of the college. But his production of 600 typewritten pages took him only Continued on Page 5A. DR. TOLLES DAUY TIMES

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