The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on September 19, 1951 · Page 7
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 7

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Wednesday, September 19, 1951
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Page 7
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WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 1951 BLYTHEVTLLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS PA9E Basic Research Need Explained in Atomic Development of U.S. By JAMES MARLOW | could not continue without govern- WASHINGTON, Sept. 19. (Ifi — ment money with which he could the atom bomb could be Before made, scientists working in Ihe lab- Sfatorles had to find a way to split *Me atom. It tooX them years. Their work is called basic research. Once science found a way, American industry was able to make use of the discovery by manufacturing the bomb. This practical use In basic research Is called applied science. Baste researcn cuts across hire a staff of assistants. Congress said the National Science Foundation should have a director—and a staff of scientists and business administrators to run the foundation—and a 24-man board o directors made up of scientists and educators. The director, appointed by President Truman, is Dr. Alan T. Water, man, physicist and formerly chic the' scientist for the office oi naval re of science: chemistry, search. The board of directors is whole field physics, biology, geology. It paved the way not only for the atom bomb, radar and the proximity fuse, but for advances in medicine, food, and industrial developments that raised our living standards. Before the war this country led In applied science. Europe was ahead of us In basic research. But Europe lost this leadership in the fellowships. war which destroyed laboratories! To cover the and killed scientists. Thus the U.S., with its vast-re- headed by Dr. James B. Conant, president of Harvard University. 5245,000 Given as Starter Per its first year, just to get start ed, Congress gave the foundation S225,000. Now the foundation has worked out its program and in thi. next year it plans, besides help t various universities, to grant 2.0C expenses for thl next year, the foundation aske Congress for $14,030,000, of whic sources, had and still has a chance to lead in basic research. National survival may depend on progress in this field. Russia is working at it. There's a Hitch But there's a hitch in how much of this basic research can be carried on. Most of it, and most of the training of young scientists in basic research, is done in university laboratories. ^There's a limit to the funds the •diversities can put into the research and the development of young scientists. A lot more _ could be done with the help of government money. For five years leading scientists and. educators urged the government to help out. And in May 1950, Congress approved the idea by creating the National Science Foundation. It does no basic research on its own. Its job is to promote basic research, not applied science. Its job is to be done In two ways: 1. Help develop young scientists by giving fellowships to graduate students for study and research in the various scientific fields. U.S. Funds Needed 2. Provide government funds for research which otherwise could not be done. For example: a university scientist might be on the trail 'of BEAN ELEVATORS 'GOING ur'—Four of the six soybean storage tanks being built on North Broadway by the Farmers Soybean Corporation are going up rapidly and the new firm hopes to be able to accept grain for storage by Oct. 10. The tanks, to be 30 feet in diameter and 80 feet high, will hold 300,000 bushels. The corporation •—Courier News Photo will accept grain for storage or will act as a market for the farmers, buying the beans out-right, John Caudill, agent for the firm, said. The Federal Warehousing Agency of 'the Production and Marketing Administration has licensed the corporation and the firm is a bonded warehouse. North Little Rock Police Face Investigation by Cavil Service $3,030,000 would be for direct sup port of research. $5,000,000 for fe lowships, and most of the remain ing $1,000.000 for running the business of the foundation, • But when the House voted on this, it voted no money at all for research and fellowships and approved on!y about one-third of what the foundation iLself asked to keep in business, or about, $300,- foundation's program may 000. The still be saved if the Senate—which hasn't acted yet—takes a strong stand in its favor. There are some indications that it will. A number driving charge. NORTH LITTLE ROCK. Ark-. Sept. 19. (AP) — The North Little Rock Civil Service Commission has ordered an investigation of practices used by city policemen in handling law violators. The order was announced here after the commission checked into the alleged mishandling of a prisoner by a North Little Rock patrolman. The officer. P. L. Morgan, was suspended after North Little Rock Mayor Rose Lawhon charged- that Morgan and a state trooper mistreated a man arrested on a,drunken of scientific groups are urging the! Senate to do so. some improvement in nutrition but I lywood studios. Florida Beauty To California LOS ANGELES, Sept. 19. (AP) — If this be treason, Florida will have to make the most of it. Janet Anderson. 18 - year - old green-eyed blonde from Coral Gables, Fla., was awarded _a $1,000 scholarship which entitled her to enroll in any college or university in the nation. Yesterday she enrolled in the University of Southern California. She will study drama, close by the Hoi- State Trooper W. V. Stane has been discharged for his alleged part In the incident. The policemen were accused of slugging R. L. Blendon, 51, Jacksonville. Civil Service Commissioner Ralph Mara said he intended to see "that things are corrected when I see tha they need to be—even if we have to fire the entire force." Chief of Police Jack Pyle, who was commended for his actions in suspending Morgan, said he had giv en officers "specific instructions re garding their deportment. I told them if they stepped over the line they could reckon with the consequences." ince Sept. 12 when the alleged beat- ng occurred. He suffered face lacerations and head injuries. It's Bird Year, folks WASHINGTON. Sept. 19. (ff>— President Truman yesterday designated this year as Audubon Cen- lennial year In memory of -John James Audubon, famous painter of, birds. Audubon, naturalist, ornithologist and artist, died 100 years from beneath the hood. The officer ran into a nearb store for an extinguisher and dou: ed the blase. Then he finished wri ing the ticket, charging drivir.g • miles an hour in a 30-mile zone. /«flf In Ybamtnt NEW WONDER CAPSULE MAY GET AT THE REAL CAUSE OF YOUR TIRED, NERVOUS FEELING Hiir* ]f no nMd Jo luffer from iniM r/mj»- lorn*, along witri <onit'ifrolion, tntomflto and !<m of appcFila, II Ihey art dun t» dietary doFiciflnclw whkh otcur only v*K*n tha dally intake of B-vita mini and Niocln if l«ii trian rfie doily rtquTrtinont ova/ a prolonged t*lv«» do not prove o rfithiry dafitliney and Essential Vitamins and Minerals Sensational BEXEL SPECIAL FOH- M ULA comes to you in easy-to-take ; safety-sealed capsules that contain essential B-vitamins, Iron and other minerals known to be cE^ential Ir Human nutrition and other factors as well . .. including importan t Vitamin B,-. 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United States exports to Bulgaria in 1950 were valued at to this country cancelled, effective Oct. 17. The President acted in accordance with a congressional directive prohibiting continued trade benefits for Soviet Russia and other Communist-controlled countries. The President's order voided a 1932 agreement letting Bulgaria. \n on "most favored nation" trade concessions, Under the agreement, Bulgaria--and the many other nation signatories — automatically got the same low t-arrifs the U.S. granted to any other nation, making all .signers equal with the "most favored" nation. The United States has already ousted Communist Romania from the "most favored" network, and pul Blendon has been hospitalized Russia, Hungary, Poland and Czech- The Presidential order does not Bulgarian exports to the United States. It means the 80 per.cent of ner goods which paid low tariffs under the "most favored" system must now climb higher tariff walls to get in the country. 406 W. Main Phone 4591 Patrolman Finds fire, Extinguishes It, Gives Hot Driver a Ticket SEATTLE, Sept. 18. (AP)—Patrolman Cliff Holmes, making pinch on a speeding charge, didn'l have to ask, "Where's the fire?" As he was writing out a ticket for Honker Gerhart, 22, of Tacoma. smoke and flames suddenly shot On Riverside Deluxe Tires WARDS DELUXE DELUXE AIR CUSHION More nigged chassis, more power Every chassis unit is engineered for extra dependability—for long life and low maintenance! Your "Job-Rated" engine delivers increased power—gives you the right power with top economy and lew upkeep in toughest service! Safest brakes, more afl-'round safety Longer life, with FLUID DRIVE Easier handling, smoother riding Back a Dodge "Job-Hated" truck into a tight spot and see how easy it is to maneuver—thanks to such features as wide front tread, shorter wheelbasc. Orifloiv shock absorbers on '/$-, %-, and 1-ton models give smoother ride. You get the finest truck brakes in the industry! 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