PAGE FOTTR BLYTHEVTLLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS SATURDAY, MAY 28, ItMfl THB BLYTHBVILLB COURIER NEWS UPS OOUR1KB NCWB CO. B W HA1ME8. PaOOlbtr JAMKB L. VttHOBFt Bolter , PAUL 0 HUMAN. AJWtlitng W*ll*c* WttuMf OSt. New York. Chicago. D(tn« fnrj Aflcrnoo-. Except Meaad elui outur M tb* offin « BiytiMTlUe, ArUmM. uodn *et <t Ooo- traa. October 9. tin _ SUBSCRIPTION RATES: curie* ID Uw cltj « BlyUwviu* « «nj tows wbert earner tenlo* » JJAIO-' Uined, aOc per week. or *5c pel month By T-" -ithiB * ndtu* at 60 mile* (4.0U pa mtr ttJO (or U* monthi. 11.00 foi three month*: by mmlj outftd* 60 Bite «me ilOjOO pet rw p«y»bl« to Meditations Therefore I »»y unlo you, T»ke no Ihouchl for >-oor life, »hit ye ib»ll e»t, or what ye >h&U drink; BOC yet lor your body, »h»t ye ih»ll put on. U not the lit* n»or« than roeml, «nd the body than raiment?—Matthew 6:25. '» • • Set not your he«rt upon the world, since Qod hath not made it your portion.—Rutherford. Barbs A doctor observe* that our noses are becoming sharper. We still think it's a good idea to keep them to the grindstone. • • • Despite the everlasting; elforti to bring Usllnr peace, the number of June marriagea likely will run as hl*h M ever thii year. • • • This li the season when birds are calling for their mates and grass (doggone it) is calling for Its mower. • • • ' The fellow who draw* those flowing picture* on tlower »e*d packets U one man who can Im- pmre on nature. • • • ' Many motorists have a poor sense of right and wrong, says a traffic expert. And a poor irtei ot right and left. untouched, «ven at risk of their lelf- destructJon. Implicit in thii view i* tlie idea that liberty unhampered ii healtiiy enough to fight off undemocratic notions. Jackson, on the other hand, seems to feel that the delicate plant of democracy may some day be choked off if we allow totalitarian seeds to be sown in our free soil. The majority view looks to us the wiser—at least until it can be shown beyond doubt that JimiliiiK the freedom of totaliUrians will not lead to shackles on the liberties of all our people. Argonauts One-Track Minds? It now develops that KB1 agents were at the pier when Gerhart Eisler, German Communist fugitive from this country, sneaked aboard a Polish ship to jump $23,600 bail. The agents were not armed with baskets of fruit for departing friends. They were watching for Valentine A. Gubitchev, Soviet engineer awaiting trial on espionage charges. They feared UK might try to leave the country. If nothing else, the incident must surely stand a tribut to the FBI's singleness of purpose. Free Speech Decision Seems Wise Despit Risks The Supreme Court lias handed : down a decision on free speech that goes to the roots of a dilemma in our democracy. Here's the puzzle: Do our freedoms include the freedom to urge the destruction of the very liberties we prize? ' Should free speech be permitted to a Communist or Fascist who advocates » system that would- destroy free 'speech? Should a place on the ballot go to the man who, if elected, would abol- ,ish the ballot? The men who made our Constitution were anxious to erect every possible safeguard for individual liberties. But it is hard to imagine they could have loreseen the use of those liberties for the virtual suicide of a democratic regime. To employ freedom as a weapon against itself is the cynically clever scheme of totalitarians. 7 The postwar spread of Russian-controlled communism has sharpened tins issue lor us. Voices in Longress ileimuid- ed that we outlaw the Luiumumsl Tar- ty, or at least put heavy suacKles on it. And now Uie ftupremu Lourl has spuKeii its views. 'iue case involved a Latlioiic priest who was lined $iuu auui cuiivicuuii on a ciiai^e of ureaciiiny lim peace in 1.111- c,isu. me UJiic<i£u cuiirib «uu mu pucsi. s oiiense VUIB IHUH.IIIK a bjjcixn luiil mcituu a ci'uwu tu ;niii>;i aim unreal,, liley sum Jle Hail nu njjiil to nuiKU luai bptixii. ine Ljiiusi is not mi a\ov,tu L-uuiinu- nist ur fascist, uui me IUK" cutnis D vo -it ruling 111 ills ia%ui uvuio oil iiiu ii> tiubiicu uuugiiis, wliu \\role tlie ma- jorii-j' opiuiun, a<iiu a feijuai\ui nils uiu rigm. lo iaiK even wiuai ms woius »ur "Jcupie to Viuielice. "A uuicuuil ol ii'ue specn uuaer our system it> lu mviiu uis- puie," ne saiU. "u ma} muuuu serve us lugn purpose wnen it inuuces a conui- tiun 01 unrest." in a oisseianig opinion, Justice Jack- soil said "tneie is danger mat u me couri uoes not temper its uuciimane lojjic with a little practical wisuom, it wai souu convert Hie t>iii 01 iviguts iiuo a suiciue pact." The court's action, he said, "certainly iuuiils tne niosi vxitavuuaiil hopes ol bo tit rigm ana left totalitarian groups wno wan l nothing so much as to paiaiyze- aiid discredit the only democratic au- tuoray uutl can curu mum in 1111:11 bal- tle for the streets." But Douglas insisted that "the right to sptak freely ... is one of the chief distinctions that seta us apart from totalitarian regimes." The court majority appears to be- lievt w* miut keep our basic freedoms VIEWS OF OTHERS A Republic for Germany It would ue just as great a mistake to discount too much the new Western German Con- sttlutlon, now submitted for ratification, as it would be to claim too much In its name. So inr the Constitution is a document on paper. It ha-s the approval of the delegates to the convention at Bonn by the overwhelming vott of 53 to 12. It now must be passed on by the United States, Britain and French military governors of the three occupation zones. After, that It goes before the legislatures of the 11 states which nuke up the are* of the new republic. Tills piece of paper, however, is much more than a few words written down. It Is a democratic pledge for 46,000.000 people, 'with the way left open for Germans In (he Russian zone lo accept it in the future. It* Bill of Rights all by itself would be a notable statement of high principle. For it provides that in a land where millions of men and women died because 0[ their beliefs or backgrounds there shall be equality in race, religion and language. The freedoms that the Western world hold up lo the East are guaranteed for all. Tile delegates have earned themselves a high place among constitution makers in . that they found a formula for drafting a charter which provides both for transition from Uie occupation to a German government on its own authority and for the state of the future. Germans who appreciate their great opportunity in Europe wiU sec in this democratic plan the means of German achievement which could not be had in an army and Ihe tools of aggressive war. The greatest immediate significance of the new Constitution is that it Is a fact before the four powers sit down for their conference on the future of the whole of Germany. Russia, the obstacle in Germany, asked for this conference. When It opens, a prime consideration on the council table will be the united character of the three Western zones. All the Russian protest* to date cannot obscure the fact that tile obstructionist role of the Communists has been a main factor In uniting the West. It Is A happy coincidence that the new constitution wn.s approved just four years lo the day after- the Nazi militarists signed Uie unconditional surrender at Uen. Elsenhower's headquarters. It is another good omen that the delegates at Bonn favored return to the flag ot the Weimar Republic. These surely are not meaningless symbols. They must be signs that many Germans have learned the lesson that democratic methods can win where force and arms and oppressions iai). —ST. LOUIS POST-DISL'ATCH. Russia's yishinsky Maneuvers For Advantage in Big 4 Parley 3jjmz^K^ ^ ,^£-^ f Vl>-*;riU^^.tW.^-. ^ •« w« ^ PETER EDSONS Washitigton News Notebook Many of President Truman's Plans For Congress Just Vague Outlines Th« DOCTOR SAYS By Rrtwln P. Jordan, M. tl. Written for NEA Service Jail fever, or typhus, is spread principally by rats. Gases of the non-epidemic variety has been discovered in at last. 37 states and the District of Columbia, in one recent year more than 5300 cases were reported to state health departments. Typhus, primarily a disease of rats, is carried from these animals to human beings, principrlly by fleas. Since many cities and rural areas are now badly overrun with rats, we must be constantly on the alert to see that this, as well as other rat-spread diseases, does not get out of control. The best line of attack against typhus is rat control. Three methods are being used: community poisoning programs, rat-proofing and eradication in business establishments, and goot' Reneral sanitation. Since tnurine typhus (the non- epidemic variety) has become a major nublic health problem, the United States Public Health Service has become actively engaged in assisting the war against rats in those communities where the disease is threatening. Improvements AZade Nexv rat poisons have proved tremendously successful. Rat-proofing of buildings also has been greatly Improved through the use of more permanent materials and better construction. Getting rid of garbage and other rat foods is an Important part of the campaign against these disease carriers. A new method of attack on the rat flea has also proved its worth. This consists in the use of a DDT dusting powder applied to rat runs. DDT powder used In this way kills most of the fleas or Ule rats and thus reduces typhus among the rats for periods as long as three months. Treatment has also improved. A chemical, the name of which Is usually abbreviated to PABA, seems lo give good results. Prevention is more important- than treatment, hoa-ever. and (his n-ill be considered successful only when there are no more cases to treat. opened in 'ranee stli WASHINGTON (NEA1-T>eta!!s m much of President Truman's iroji-am arc still lacking. Many of he things which the President has isked Congress to do have been ncntioned only in broad outline or name. Translating these titles nlo specific legislation has been harder than may have been antcl- patcd. Or else the chief executive lias wanted to string out his special requests for greater emphasis, throwing new Ideas at Congress on'.y fast a.s he thought the ron"re.s- sional committees could take them up. legislation to carry out the North Atlantic Pact by authorizing shipment of arms to western European countries is still being worked on by St?te and War Department*. S'> Is a bill to control Ihe expirt of U S. arms lo friendly countries only The big bill to carry out the Priw- Irlent's Inaugural menage "Point IV" is likewise -still being drafted in the State Department, after four months' nrcliminary work by an Interdepartmental agency. Writing B law which will provide technical know-how to underdeveloped countries hn.s proved a lot herder than Just talking bic and bnld in a speech. What it will cost, no one can yet say. The President's budget message mentioned brielly the need for an nnnroprlntlnn of *1tV>.POO n» (or military public works Just what the Pi-raldont hr-d In mind hns not been disclosed. Part of it could for <v>ntinunt!on of ronstrltrti^n br- rrun p.ii-lirr. R^ouest 1 ; fn'm A<my Navy and Air Force are now hein? cleFired by Bureau of the Budget. Civil Defense Under Considcralion A program Lo set up a civil defense organization is still under slndy by the National Securitv Re- sonroe.s Board. This was originally in the Department of Defense, where the Hopley report was written. But the President liked this renort so little that he took the civil defense Job away from the nrn-ed services and gave 11 f o NPHB. Frclera! Sccuritv A^encv has been workiii'r on legislation to increase uncmrjlovmcnt compensation. It will be unveiled at House committee hearings expected to begin thl.< session PSA is ?lso drafting a bill to provide federal cranl-s in aid In the stntc.'i for vocational education of the phvsically handicapped. President Tnnnnn's nroposMs '.o encourage production of more low- cost private housing—us distln?- nlshed from low-'^st public holts ine coined in the Senate-passe< bill- lie in with a number of bill, introduced bv Sen-tors Maybnvk o South Carolina. Fenders of Ver mont nnel others H"iislnfr and Hnnii Finance A"cncv is now rci'icwln Ml thc':c bilU. n may come up will nn administration measure incor norntins features of many of them A new [i''i"ter relief bill is in Ih mnkiiiE. F'lllowine Insl winter' oxnorionrc under Ihe western bli? nrd. which reonirrd snecial apnro oriMlons to handle, the idea now to have a law on the books wluc wnuld n»rmtt immediate relief at lion by the government. Flood Control Being Renewed Tlie President's Missouri River ood control plan is now under re- lew by governments of the 10 :tl£es it; thus basin and by federal gencie.s. When U is completed :iere will be a special messaae to Congrc.ss and accompanying legls- ition to carry it out. The President utlined this In his budget message. Tiie President's Council of Eco- lomic Advisers has been studying •x>ncentration of economic power or over a year .This may lead to proposals for new legislation to strcnsthen the anti-trust laws, ns lcci for in tiie President's budget Note: Dr. Jordan Is unable to answer individual questions from readers. However, each day he will answer one of the most frequently asked questions in hia column. • * • QUESTION: My eight-year-old daughter repeatedly asks: "Mother. Is everything real or am I just dreaming of this?" she seems quite bright in school, but is sensitive and touchy. ANSWER: This sounds like a verv Imaginative child. Frequently children of this sort go especially far in art or music If they are given the opportunity and understanding encouragement. 75 Thoueh the Federal Reserve Bonrd hsis been relaxing credit controls. it has under consideration legislation to extend its power lo rnpose such controls, should need (or regulation arise. The President's proposal lo increase federal tax collections by 44.- OCO.000.000 a year was mentioned in all three of his January messages to Congress. But this is still on the iniu-tive list. Nothing may come of it until next year's aporonriation bills are all passed. II will then be clear whether (he government will be operating in the red. If it is, a special t?x message is likely. What all this unfinished business ndtis up to is the fact that President Truman's full program may not lie known in all its ramifications until Conzrrss returns to Washlnn- ton In special session next fall, or for the regular session next January. Years Ago In Blytheviltc SO THEY SAY IN HOLLYWOOD Anyone who follows the news even casually . . . readily recognizes that American policy generally conforms lo public opinion . . . sometimes leading il. sometimes following II. but always close lo K.—Sen. Francis J. Myers iDi of Pennsylvania, I always wanted to be a robber. So dirt the other boys. No one wanted lo be a cop. They icll me It's more popular now to be on Ihe side of the law.—J. Edgar Hoover, director of Ihe FBI, speaking of his childhood days. * * * Only through verified knowledge of the great hodge-podge of duplication, overlapping and unbelievably extravagant planning will Ihe people be in position to demand and get necessary reorganization (In Ihe federal government).—Former President Herbert Hoover. America Is not Immortal. Our nation is no safer from mastery by communism than was any European country where we witnessed the killing and enslavement ot whole peoples by Communists who, with the shedding of blood, became as if drunken with It.—Francis Cardinal Spellman. Religious belief already produces overpopulation In China and India. Tlie teaching of Uie Roman Catholic Church and the need for cannon (odder by the western religions arc producing overpopulation In wcslcrn civilization.—Dr. E. W. Barnes, Anglican bishop of Birmingham, England. • * * Tlie Malmedy massacre trials were worse than anything we accused the Russians ot doing.—Sen. Joseph McCarthy IR> ol Wisconsin. HOLLYWOOD rNE.-U— Rita Hiy- worth. (he movie queen, will .10011 become Princes-: Aly Khan. M'>vlie you'd like to hear "The Rita H»y- worlh Story." '['he first (tine t ever heard of Rita she wasn't Rita at all. She was black-haired M'Mparita Cini.s'no] ud shr was 16. The year was IP34. She wjis danclnc wilh her lather -us her partner at the old Foreign Club in Tia Juana. Mexico. Before that .ever since she wii.s five, she had toured in vaudeville: with tier family, which was billed ; •'The Famous Dancing Can- Tlic first time 1 met her she was *-till Margarita Cansino. That w:x.i 1035 when shr made her film ricbut. flanrlnc an adaeio number ,n a nirht club sequence for 'Dante's Inferno " I remember two things aboul that meet hi?:. Her lather. Kdvvnrdo CanMno never lell her side. "He's terribly \\orrlecl abcnil Hi>llvxvor>[i wolves." a press afitnl Miss Ellse Moore will leave tonight, for Banning, Calif., where she will spend the Summer. Whil- there she will visit other points oi interest in the west. The Rev. Alfred Carpenter o Little Rock has been called to become pastor of First aBptist. Church here. Mrs J. S. Landnun left this morninz for Holly Springs. Miss, to spend a few days with her parents. Mrs. James Hill Jr.. was elected president of the Delphian Fine Art, Chib at a meeting held at her honn on Tuesday. O'.her officers to serv. with her arc; Mrs. Lloyd Wise, Mrs G. W. Dilahunty, Mrs. \V. M. Wil liams. Mrs. W. L. Horncr. Mrs. C W. Afllick and Mrs O. W. ML Cutchcn. ftv Krskvnr Johnson Staff Cnrrrspnndcnl were mnrricd three montiis after Iheir meeting. H was Judson ami a Hollywood press agent, Henry Ro»Hi-s. who gave Rita the glamor buildup and sex appeal. Rita Havwovtll of 1937 had little amoition to be a star. She dressed badly, was ovcrwclEht and had never taken dramatic lessons. Judson supplied that ambition. He helped hr-r buy clothes. l>nt her on a diet, sen* her lo dramatic .school, hired a press agenl. He suggested the electric treatments for her low rmhhr.c and talked her inlo becoming a red head. People who knew them then rctncmber: "Rita was a girl who never had anything to say. Judson did all the lalking. He fougli t for her career 24 hours a day." Press acrnt Rogers gavr Rila the See HOLLYWOOD on Page 8 dated from Brooklyn Polytcchnical College and was nt one time a middleweight amateur boxer. His first business adventure in life was The practice of placing a brand mark on goods is as old as civilization. Earliest excavations show paving brick with markings ol the lanufacturcr and that of the slave McKENNEY ON BRIDGE Tlie second Ihinr T remember about Margarita was tier beauty and her black hair. She had an un- ll.su.illv low Ir'irline with n <tjiki?i™ widow's peak Later, when she became Rita Hayworth. she li.id electric treatments and raised the haiv- hnr a half Inch. Later, T hoard shr had signed a contract with Columbia studio iuti had cluhcrd her name. She worked In several B pit-lures as an artrn-is not a dancer, and then In May of 1937 I reported her marriage to Edward Jvnison. Ihc ex-hnsln»rt of : ruber bridge played In Ihc various toothpaslo heiress ll»7r] Firbc-s i .uhlelic clubs aiound the country and a one-time New York aulo- tlun hiiyvvhere ehe. By William E. Sli-Kenney Amciit-a's Card Authority \Yrillm for NEA Service Slip in Defense Spells Success 1 am afraid tile warm weather may interfere wilh uut regular Saturday afternoon bridge games at the New York Athletic Club. You 1 think there Is more Jovial mobile snl^sman. Slarled I in one of my recent games I cut Sxllsiayi Mi is consulting caching boxing at the Germanlovvn r"MCA. Philadelphia. Zoi has an assignment now at a irgc puper company in Westbrook. Ue. but he nlw-ys gels back for he Saturday afternoon game. He ilso plays a Uil of duplicate bvidiic u the Portland Bridge Club, and TC proudly showed me some Master Point cerlificntps which will make lim a Junior Master. Zol look advanlnge o[ a little slip *91 ».I3 « AJ 1003 * A743 |^l Mllacvl lIlKJl VV E 4AQ643 IMOOG, 1 ! <• ¥872 » 4 s » K 855 + KQ865 Dea] " *2 * 10B5 W AKQ4 »Q12 4> . i ic n Soulh West Norlh F.asl 1 » Pass I » 2 * 3 V 3 * I'ass Pass Pa.«s Opening — V K Ifl in the defense, to make today's con tract. Sonili cashed the ate. ki i and queen ol hearts and sh.Ited t a dinmonri. which North won wit the ace. He returned the nine o spades, whlc i dummy won with th Jack The king of spades was Ihe cashed. Then I' c ten of i. carls wa played and the deuce of clnbs dis carded. Now the tine of clubs was Ic Norlh covered with the ace mirt Z trumped. »« cashed the king diamonds, nificd a diamond ai discarded Ihe other diamond on tl queen of clubs. Tlie last, two Ire were won with the ace and qnce ho did 'he work. Like a Badger HORIZONTAL S Permit 1 Depicted fi Through rmisletine THishUab) mammal RCvcck Idler 6 , ron fl HlackbOHrds llExpungcr lOKuropcan 13Coloni/.e rmch , :4 Ampere tab.) >2 <nock , . IS Little candle ISOrien al com !7 Swiss river lO.iumhled lypc 18 The gods 22 Yaiiiig eagle 19 Metal (aslcncr- 3Sllbslance UO Palm lily 2=> Rod 21 Observe - G Kv l ' Ur! ••I Milo< 3I Auloc"! 24 Tree 'fluid M Betoken 26 Dance step 34 Strikes with 27 Proceed the oncn '"" 29 Lines (ab.) resembles a .11 English river 32 Conducted 34 Harden 37 Lone Seoul (ab.) .18 Her •U Compass poinl 42 Qualified 44 Endures 4 6 Ton-id 47 Needier 49 Distant % 51 Walk with a * lofty, proud Rait 52 Antic VERTICAL 1 Peruses 2 Armed (orc« S Light lowh A 4 M ir 4 c t n ' \f/// m 'k ' '''f S 1 '^, « AP Furrl«n Affairs Anil.vst Russia and the Western allies continued to maneuver (or position in the Big Four foreign ministers' council meeting, which opened Pnrls last Monday. America, Britain and Frs seek an exact Interpretation of Moscow's back-flop when the discussion opened on Germany's future—a matter of paramount Importance lo European peace and rehabilitation. The Russian shift was disclosed by Foreign Minister Vish- Insky's wholly unexpected call (or « revival of the four-power allied control council to govern Germany, Instead of creating a central German government. Only R few months ago a Warsaw conference, attended by representatives from Russia .and all her satellites, adopted a program calling for a united Germany under a central German government. Why then the sudden reversal? Well, that's for Mr. Vishinsky lo disclose in his own good time. Some observers think the change Is due at least in part to the setback the Communists had in the recent election In the Soviet zone of Germany. Voters Foil Fed Scheme That election was to create a "People's Congress" which was to be presented to the foreign ministers' council as the basis of a government for nil Germany. But one-third of the voters turned thumbs-dow" on the propositlo^ thus rendering the Red scheftvST useless. Now the Soviet calls for a return to Big Four council rule, a proposal which America, Britain and France promptlv rejected. They say the clock may be turned back. So the next major move U up to IVshinsky, and pending that we must be patient. Even when It comes, we may not get the answer, for the Soviet foreign minister U a strategist of devious methods. Developments in the council meeting are going to be worth watching, nnd for two reasons. We are witnessing the unfolding of one of the major battles of the cotd war, and this Is the first time we hnv« seen the noted Vishinsky In action as foreign minister, although h« has played a part In the United Nations and in international conference.!. Vishinsky was appointed foreign minister last March as successor to Vyacheslav Molotov. When Vish- insky received the portforlo U.S. Senator Arthur Vandenherg remarked that In the shift a "ruthless" man replaced a "relentless" one. That wasn't tht: rtrst time the term "ruthless" had been applied tft^ ishihsky, because he was interna- onally known as the prosecutor in Moscow purge trials of 1936, 937 and 1938. At least 17 prominent Commun- sts were executed as the result of hese trials and many were sent 0 prison. At that tlm Vishinsky nade the world shiver as he flung jiiestions for hours at defendants, who for the most part, "confessed" reely that they were guilty. The :iid came when Vishinsky demand- id death for the "foul dogs", and .hey were sent out to be shot hrough the back of the head. May Run Into I)iffi<-.ultlei Curiously enough Vishinsky isn't an "old bolshevist" but was a convert after the revolution of 1917. He conies from an aristocratic family. Like converts In many other fields, tie became a mor radical Bolshevist than many of the originals, and soon gained prominence as a lawyer. As a speaker, either In prosecuting a case in court or addressing a conference, he frcnquently is violent. He shouts and hammers the desk. Whether Vishinsky will feel called on to use such fiery methods in Paris remains to be seen. If he does he will run np against difficulties, because U. S. Secretary ot State Acheson. French Foreism Minister Schuman and British Foreign Secretary Bcvin are quite able to take care of themselves. Labor Leader Bcvin is one Britain's most capable fighters, and can get really; 1 *! louuh. Many observers have felt that the Russians entered the Bip Four council meeting determined to get some sort of German agreement to eain a truce on their Western 1 front. swer to Previous Puzzle M Hinder 38 Wcichl of India M Laughter :=ound -lOM.ikr a mi-lake pinnacle 41 Wager 4M>ry, as wine -U, .lump on one toot •!fl S.vmbol for n i then Sum 5(1 Mother Judson wu Rita's lirst date. They | engineer in New Yoik. Zol jrad-1 of spades.
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