The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on July 1, 1966 · Page 8
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 8

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, July 1, 1966
Page 8
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Agronomist Answers I •_ • , Soybean Questions Soybeyi planting, according to Extension Service agronomist Ruel P. Nester, is at a standstill in many areas because of dry soil conditions. .The general plai.ilng will be continued after It rains, Nester says. Nester says it is inadvisable to plant soybeans, after July 1 for ; maximum yield. "However, soy! beans may produce profitable yields even when planted in early July during years with adequate rainfall later in the sea- ion, moderate temperatures and a late frost. • "Soybean research dr'a on the Lee variety at the Rice Branch Experiment Station in 1957 showed yields were drastically reduced, around 15 bushels per acre comparing July and earlier plantings. Also the yield of Lee in Mississippi County was re- Educed by around 11 bushels per [acre in 1957 and nearly five bush- 'ejs in 1958, comparing July and ifjarlier plantings." !|*' : . .':* * * r'Replying to the question of i! whether Soybeans can be planted in closer rows Nester says, «fResearch data have shown I there is no real advantage in ;* growing southern soybean varie- |jties in rows closer than 32 inch- lies when planted at recommend- ^ed.planting dates (April 25 to June 15). However, rows closer than this would be expected to [jproduce increased yields when soybeans are planted after about Hfuly 1. yields. Control measures are recommended only if the stand is threatened. Control can be obtained with any of the chlorinated hydrocarbon insecticides, such as Endrin or Toxaphane. Aphids or plant lice are pres- •; day lengths at this late dsta of planting, wil not have time to T-make normal vegetative growth : before flowering is induced. Con- j'sequently, this extremely late Soybean Demon Going Up, Up " Results of a study conducted •by the University of Arkansas •Agricultural Experiment Stallion indicate that by 1974 the SU ch as the Lady Beetle Adult date of planting will produce i Asked what rarletles should small plants which tre unable " -•——• •-•-«-• > •• • to develop adequate ground cover in wide rows. "A complete canopy with adequate ground cover may develop in narrow spaced rows. The actual row width recommended at this late date of planting will depend primarily on the weed problem in individual fields and growers' equipment. Drilling in 10 to 20 inch rows would be satisfactory if weeds were not a major production hazard. Rows should be of sufficient width to accomodate cultivation equipment if weeds are expected to become a problem." "Varieties of. the Group VII or late midseason maturity shoulc be planted. This would include Bragg, Jackson, and Rebel va- rifJes. Lee, a Group VI variety, would be satisfactory bui not the best variety because of its restricted growth. "Yields may be seriously reduced during years with late summer drouths. However, longer maturing varieties are better adapted for late planting than the earlier maturing ones. The late varieties make more plant growth before fruiting since their date of flowering is later." Cotton. Insects Scarce VASURE GIBSON Associate County Agent North Mississippi County The weekly report from the three Cotton Scouts in the county show that cotton insects are present, but very low. Beneficiary insects are very high in number. Thrips and aphids are present on cotton at this time. Thrips are small insects 11-16 inch in length. They may be yellow or black in color. When they feed on cotton, the leaves are cut by rasping mouth parts causing the leaves to curl and be deformed. Spray applications "Soybeans, because of reduced have failed to increase early striped armyworm. As you know the striped armyworms are light feeders and they are hard to kill. Before going out into the field and spraying these worms, make sure the infestation justifies application of insecticide, because you will kill your ben- efciary insects and you may have infestation of bollworms later. Be sure to make counts of the field before poisoning. When the infestation reaches economic damage to cotton, it will be time to poison, that is, if you average one worm,per one foot of row. We have also had reports that they are feeding heavy in soybeans. As you know, soybeans Can loose approximately 40 percent Of foliage and there .will be no decrease in yield at all. Therefore, check your fields closely before poisoning. If we can be of assistance to ;11961 United States soybean acre•age of 28 million acres will fneed to be increased by 3.2 million acres to satisfy the increased import demands of only six foreign countries. Results of this study are contained in Bulletin 712, published recently by the Experiment Station. According to the publication, and Larvae, Green Laoewing Larvae, Surphyd Larvae and summer Wasp Parasites. Except where early insecticide applications have destroyed the beneficiary insect population. If control becomes necessary, aphids can be controlled with phosphate insecticides such as Malthion or Methyl Parathion. soybeans and soybean oil im-i Many of the farmers are disports of the six countries studied accounted for 43.3 percent of .all soybean product exports from the United States during 1961. Soybean and soybean oil exports to all countries will be .around 459 million bushels in 1974 if the selected countries continue to import the same percentage of total United States exports as they did in 1961. If this occurs, an increase in soybean acreage of 7.4 million acres would be required by 1974 to produce an additional 185 million bushels of soybeans, the estimated increase in total foreign demand for soybeans and soybean oil. Singl* copies of Bulletin 712 may be obtained, without charge, from county Extension agents in Arkansas, or from the Bulletin Room, Agricultural ently found on seedling cotton. vou in y our( PO'somng program They feed on the Other side of |P leas f, ««?«* tne County the leave and cause a down- Agent s Office, ward cupping of the leave. Aphids suck sap from the plant and excrete honey dew. Aphid C—I*!, HMWMI infestations are usually con- jlmllrUOXcy by beneficiary insects Deadline Is August 1 Smith-Doxey cotton Improvement groups are urged to file applications for Cotton Classification and Market News Services before the deadline of August 1, according to Clyde C. McWhorter, Manager, South Central Area, Consumer and Marketing Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. The classing service to cotton growers provides the grade, staple and micronaire reading of each bale produced, and by reports, producers can readily determine the approximate market value of their cotton. The class placed on the green card by the classing office is eligible for use under Commodity Credit Corporation loan program. Last season over 4,983,000 bales of cotton produced in the South Central Area were classed by classing offices under the Smith-Doxey Act. Application forms and additional information about the services can be obtained from local county agents or local USDA turbed because of the y e 11 o w striped armyworm which is present at this time and feeding on cotton and soybeans in the county. This insect usually appears about this time each year in the county. As far as control measures are concerned, no control measures have been required to control these worms before. This worm is best identified by the bright yellow stripe and the black eye spot on each side of the Thorax. The commonly recommended insecticides to control these insects are as follows: SEVIN, Methyl Parathion and Toxaphane. You may have to increase the recommended amount to get good control. I checked several i fields these last two weeks. None of these fields had infestation enough to justify using FARM NEWS Review anct Forecast Maloch Says By D. V. Matoeb County Agmt . A few farmers have reported j poison application weekly has •Mhwfc (Ait.) Courier Kew. - Friday, July 1, im Cotton Poor to fair Drought Hurts Grbf>s limited outbreaks of yellow striped armyworm. This insect was formerly known as the cotton boll cutworm and some people called it climbing cutworm because it fed mostly on foliage rather than on the stems. This insect at the p r e s e n t time is being found in soybeans, cotton and might be found on any other crop as it is generally not too selective in its food. This worm is black with a yellow stripe down each side with a dark spot on either side. They seem to be worse on the younger You may also find some green clover worms in your beans. A few forms may not cause damage to beans. For example, so long as the worms do not destroy over 40 per cent of the leaves the yield will likely not je reduced. ended up using much more poison than was necessary. Poison applications are essential under many conditions but they should not be applied unless the'need is very great as a chain reaction may be set up that will cause a much greater acreage to be poisoned than is absolutely necessary. Some of the newer poisons are reasonably popular because they have certain characteristics that lend to slogans or gimmicks that aid in selling the product. The best thing to do is to follow the cotton insect guide recommendations. .',"•* * * Any of the more recommended Insecticides used tor cotton insect control will do a reasonably good job when applied properly. For early and mid-season spraying for thrips and lice, no There are a number of pois-|one can expect good results ons that will kill the yellow striped armyworm but from a clearance standpoint methyl sarathion used at from 1-2 to me pound of actual material per acre broadcast is recommended. Another poison that is cleared and recommende is Sevin at from IVi to 2 pounds of actual material per acre broad- On the very small beans where the poison can get to all of the leaves a lower dosage may be effective. This is the first time that we have ever had to contend with this particular insect on anything like a wide scale. * * * Poison or not to poison is a question that has been asked frequently during the past 10 days. This is especially true with reference to the smaller cotton where a limited infestation of thrips and lice could and did slow down the growth of the young cotton plants. Most of the spots though have started to grow out of the stunted condition and thus eliminated the necessity of additional poison applied to the whole field. Whenever the small eaves grow out at the top of the plant and form small leaves hrips and aphid populations lave started to diminish and toison applications may d o more harm than good. In South Mississippi County n the past nearly everyone who las started out to make a from methyl parathion, Bidrin and a number of the insecticides recommended in the cotton insect control leaflet. The recommended poisons are found in the 1966 Cotton Insect Control leaflet, number 52 put out by the Agricultural Extension :Service. Anyone who does not have a copy of this leaflet can get one at the County Agent's Office in Osceola. Arkansas Is threatened with a State-wide sever* drought. II is very dry at present in all areas and conditions are worsening dally. Some localities have not had any rain for about six weeks. All crops except rice are suffering and are desperately in need of a good general rain. The season is late and stands of crops are poor In many fields. Weather during the week was very favorable for hay and small grain harvest. Cotton continues in poor to fair condition. Growth has been slowed by dry weather, cool nights until recently, and heavy thrip infestation in many fields A few scattered early plantings are being irrigated and more will be if the dry weather persists. The crop as a whole is quite late and squaring is just getting underway in early planted fields. Chopping has been light so far and not much will be required until it rains. Some fields are being plowed up because of poor stands and will be put into soybeans providing the soil moisture supply is soon replenished. The rice crop as a whole is making satisfactory progress. Weed control measures, fertilization and flooding are general, with second flooding underway on early pantings. * * * More than 10 percent of the State's intended soybean acreage has not been seeded, with about 20 percent still to be planted in the southeast where it is extremely dry. It is getting late and plantings could fall short of intentions if rain is not received soon. Many fields have poor stands due to I dry weather and the moisture supply is so short in some late planted fields that seed may not germinate. Some early beans are still making'good growth where soil moisture has not been too short. Combining of good wheat and oat crops is finished in most counties and nearing completion in others, although a few fields of spring seeded oats are still green in northwest Arkansas. The dry weather is sowing growth of corn and sorghums and delaying planting of late sorghums. Most early corn has been laid by and is at the critical tasseUng and silking stage. Much good quality bay was baled d u r i n g the week. Prospects for late hay crops are declining daily. * • * Picking of early apples and peaches is making good progress. Some early peaches did not size properly due to lack of moisture and dry weather threatens mid-season and late varieties. A good crop of high quality tomatoes is moving in volume from south Arkansas, although ripening has been sowed by cool nights. Harvest of "green wraps" is expected ay the second week of July in Searcy County. The drought is hurting prospects for most other vegetable crops. Watermelons are not making good growth :he cucumber crop promises to je light in the driest areas with larvest well along in South Arkansas, and okra is blooming on short stalks in some fields. Okra harvest is just starting in east central counties and picking of snap beans is progressing in the northwest area. Pastures are deteriorating rather rapidly and arc supplying below average grazing In most counties., i'ome cattle an beginning to lose weight and others are barely holding their own. Hay is already being fed to a few herds. Mik production is declining in many localities. Weekly temperatures averaged near normal ranging from the low 70's northwest to th« low 80's central and northeast with upper 70's elsewhere. Daily extremes ranged from 51 degrees at Calico Rock and Fayetteville on the 21st and 22nd to 101 degrees at Morrilton on the 26th. This was <the first hot week of the season. With small exceptions the drought continued over the State. Late in me week there were a few light showers in the central and south east but these were well under on inch amounts. The largest amount was the 0.62 inch at Arkansas City. HERMON JONES BUSINESS MEN'S ASSURANCE Ctt. l<20 Union »»• Pbont 374-MOCi UrmpbU «. TenneMM Call for PTM Consultation. , insurance for tstatt Pluming Key Man, >*rra«nhlp «n Corporation. Qtoup. Pension, Retlra- nient. «nd of Arkansas, Fayetteville. poison for either Thrips or the i cotton classing offices. 4-H Spells Improvement' PAT COLE Home Demonstration Agent "Whether a 4-H girl learns a lot or a little about home economics in her club, "observed a 4-H leader, "She'll improve berstlf, her home and her family in some manner." Using this premise, it is safe to assumi that the 1.3 million mem be r s participating in a home economics project today are making s« iri^ny improve ments. the youngs, irs are between 9 and 19 years of age, and reside IB virtually every county in the state. Parents and local club leaders alike share the responsibility for heping 4-H'er* (tick to their project until completion, and then start a new one next year. Individual projects vary according to ne»d* and a desire fl» lein, Extension the Cooperative r ,j» wttch super- .the wort, but the main categories art foods, clothing in- tor JOT dtccrattng, bomt man- agement, child care and consumer education. The young homemakers, are encouraged "to make the best better" by the program awards sponsor, Montgomery Ward, which has supported 4-H since 1923. As in previous years, younger members have a chance to compete for county medals of honor, while the teen-ager is eligible for the state award and a trip to the National 4-H Club Congress In Chicago, From * the * state award winners, the Cooperative Extension Service will Select six of the most outstanding home economics members for National honors. They will receive $500 scholarships to be presented by a Ward's official during the Chicago 4-H Congress. It has been learned that former KhpariMp winners have been graduated with home economics degrees leading to successful careers. The young wom- en credit their early 4-H projects with opening the door and stimulating their interest in the field. There are today, and will be in the future, plenty of job opportunities for the college graduate in a challenging and diversified profession described as having "1,000 job titles." For more Information about the 4-H home economics program, call the County Extension Office or contact a local 4-H Club leader. WARNING ORDER In the Chancery Court, Chickasawba District, Mississippi -ounty, Arkansas. Nolan Wade (Colored) Plaintiff, vs. No. 16824 'ranees ShotweU Wade (Col.) Defendant. The defendant, Frances Shotwell Wade, is hereby warned to appear within thirty days in the court named in the caption hereof and answer the complaint of the plaintiff, Nolan Wade. Dated this 15th day of June, 1966 at 10:00 o'clock A.M. GERALDINE LISTON, Clerk By Betty Coats, D. C. Ralph E. Wilson, Attorney William V. Alexander, Jr. Atty Ad Litem 6-17, 24, 7-1, g Remember Pay Your Paper Boy Varnell Morgan USE VER Ph. RE 8-2617 fret fitimatet Senath, Mo. GENERAL MACHINE WORK & WELDING • TOOL AND DIE WORK • HEAT TREATING • ENGINEERING And DESIGNING BARKSDALE 325 South Breadwqy PO 2-2911 You Cant VOTE Unless You Register You won't be able to vote In the July 26 Democratic Party Primary election unless you register in Blytheville or Osceola Court House by 6 p.m. Tuesday. Registration office hours are 8:30 A.M. until noon and 7 P.M. until 6 P.M. (If you have registered during the past year, you vv/7/ not need to register again). BE A VOTER! REGISTER NOW! This Advertisement Presented As A Public Service By ~ Mississippi County Farm Bureau

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